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From: "Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget" <gitgitgadget@gmail.com>
To: git@vger.kernel.org
Cc: "Jeff King" <peff@peff.net>,
	"SZEDER Gábor" <szeder.dev@gmail.com>,
	"Alexandr Miloslavskiy" <alexandr.miloslavskiy@syntevo.com>,
	"Johannes Schindelin" <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de>,
	"Junio C Hamano" <gitster@pobox.com>,
	"Johannes Schindelin" <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de>
Subject: [PATCH v4 1/1] vreportf(): avoid relying on stdio buffering
Date: Wed, 30 Oct 2019 10:44:36 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <f6d6c8122abbd6339cf83309ac3761bbdac44023.1572432276.git.gitgitgadget@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <pull.428.v4.git.1572432276.gitgitgadget@gmail.com>

From: Johannes Schindelin <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de>

The MSVC runtime behavior differs from glibc's with respect to
`fprintf(stderr, ...)` in that the former writes out the message
character by character.

In t5516, this leads to a funny problem where a `git fetch` process as
well as the `git upload-pack` process spawned by it _both_ call `die()`
at the same time. The output can look like this:

	fatal: git uploadfata-lp: raemcokte :error:  upload-pnot our arcef k6: n4ot our ea4cr1e3f 36d45ea94fca1398e86a771eda009872d63adb28598f6a9
	8e86a771eda009872d6ab2886

Let's avoid this predicament altogether by rendering the entire message,
including the prefix and the trailing newline, into the buffer we
already have (and which is still fixed size) and then write it out via
`write_in_full()`.

We still clip the message to at most 4095 characters.

The history of `vreportf()` with regard to this issue includes the
following commits:

d048a96e (2007-11-09) - 'char msg[256]' is introduced to avoid interleaving
389d1767 (2009-03-25) - Buffer size increased to 1024 to avoid truncation
625a860c (2009-11-22) - Buffer size increased to 4096 to avoid truncation
f4c3edc0 (2015-08-11) - Buffer removed to avoid truncation
b5a9e435 (2017-01-11) - Reverts f4c3edc0 to be able to replace control
                        chars before sending to stderr
9ac13ec9 (2006-10-11) - Another attempt to solve interleaving.
                        This is seemingly related to d048a96e.
137a0d0e (2007-11-19) - Addresses out-of-order for display()
34df8aba (2009-03-10) - Switches xwrite() to fprintf() in recv_sideband()
                        to support UTF-8 emulation
eac14f89 (2012-01-14) - Removes the need for fprintf() for UTF-8 emulation,
                        so it's safe to use xwrite() again
5e5be9e2 (2016-06-28) - recv_sideband() uses xwrite() again

Note that we print nothing if the `vsnprintf()` call failed to render
the error message; There is little we can do in that case, and it should
not happen anyway.

The process may have written to `stderr` and there may be something left
in the buffer kept in the stdio layer. Call `fflush(stderr)` before
writing the message we prepare in this function.

Helped-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net>
Helped-by: Alexandr Miloslavskiy <alexandr.miloslavskiy@syntevo.com>
Helped-by: SZEDER Gábor <szeder.dev@gmail.com>
Helped-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de>
---
 usage.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++----
 1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/usage.c b/usage.c
index 2fdb20086b..58fb5fff5f 100644
--- a/usage.c
+++ b/usage.c
@@ -9,14 +9,26 @@
 void vreportf(const char *prefix, const char *err, va_list params)
 {
 	char msg[4096];
-	char *p;
+	char *p, *pend = msg + sizeof(msg);
+	size_t prefix_len = strlen(prefix);
 
-	vsnprintf(msg, sizeof(msg), err, params);
-	for (p = msg; *p; p++) {
+	if (sizeof(msg) <= prefix_len) {
+		fprintf(stderr, "BUG!!! too long a prefix '%s'\n", prefix);
+		abort();
+	}
+	memcpy(msg, prefix, prefix_len);
+	p = msg + prefix_len;
+	if (vsnprintf(p, pend - p, err, params) < 0)
+		*p = '\0'; /* vsnprintf() failed, clip at prefix */
+
+	for (; p != pend - 1 && *p; p++) {
 		if (iscntrl(*p) && *p != '\t' && *p != '\n')
 			*p = '?';
 	}
-	fprintf(stderr, "%s%s\n", prefix, msg);
+
+	*(p++) = '\n'; /* we no longer need a NUL */
+	fflush(stderr);
+	write_in_full(2, msg, p - msg);
 }
 
 static NORETURN void usage_builtin(const char *err, va_list params)
-- 
gitgitgadget

  reply	other threads:[~2019-10-30 10:44 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 34+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-10-28 15:00 [PATCH 0/1] Fix t5516 flakiness in Visual Studio builds Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2019-10-28 15:00 ` [PATCH 1/1] vreportf(): avoid buffered write in favor of unbuffered one Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2019-10-29  3:18   ` Junio C Hamano
2019-10-29 12:30     ` Johannes Schindelin
2019-10-29 13:49       ` Jeff King
2019-10-29 14:13         ` Johannes Schindelin
2019-10-29 14:32           ` Jeff King
2019-10-29 20:09             ` Johannes Schindelin
2019-10-30  1:43               ` Junio C Hamano
2019-10-29 16:44         ` Junio C Hamano
2019-10-29 10:38   ` SZEDER Gábor
2019-10-29 12:38     ` Johannes Schindelin
2019-10-29 13:52       ` Jeff King
2019-10-29 14:18         ` Johannes Schindelin
2019-10-29 13:37 ` [PATCH v2 0/1] Fix t5516 flakiness in Visual Studio builds Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2019-10-29 13:37   ` [PATCH v2 1/1] vreportf(): avoid relying on stdio buffering Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2019-10-29 14:21     ` Alexandr Miloslavskiy
2019-10-29 19:57       ` Johannes Schindelin
2019-10-29 20:09         ` Jeff King
2019-10-29 20:24           ` Alexandr Miloslavskiy
2019-10-29 20:11         ` Alexandr Miloslavskiy
2019-10-29 20:01   ` [PATCH v3 0/1] Fix t5516 flakiness in Visual Studio builds Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2019-10-29 20:01     ` [PATCH v3 1/1] vreportf(): avoid relying on stdio buffering Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2019-10-29 20:32       ` Jeff King
2019-10-30  8:54         ` Johannes Schindelin
2019-10-31  6:24           ` Jeff King
2019-10-31 10:26             ` Johannes Schindelin
2019-10-31 15:48               ` Jeff King
2019-11-01 18:41                 ` Johannes Schindelin
2019-10-30  2:01       ` Junio C Hamano
2019-10-30  9:13         ` Johannes Schindelin
2019-10-30 10:44     ` [PATCH v4 0/1] Fix t5516 flakiness in Visual Studio builds Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2019-10-30 10:44       ` Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget [this message]
2019-11-02  4:05         ` [PATCH v4 1/1] vreportf(): avoid relying on stdio buffering Junio C Hamano

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