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From: "Teng Long via GitGitGadget" <gitgitgadget@gmail.com>
To: git@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Teng Long <dyroneteng@gmail.com>, Dyrone Teng <dyroneteng@gmail.com>
Subject: [PATCH] clone: document partial clone section
Date: Thu, 02 Apr 2020 02:02:26 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <pull.745.git.git.1585792946341.gitgitgadget@gmail.com> (raw)

From: Dyrone Teng <dyroneteng@gmail.com>

Partial clones are created using 'git clone', but there is no related
help information in the git-clone documentation during a period. Add
a relevant section to help users understand what partial clones are
and how they differ from normal clones.

The section briefly introduces the applicable scenarios and some
precautions of partial clone. If users want to know more about its
technical design and other details, users can view the link of
git-partial-clone(7) according to the guidelines in the section.

Signed-off-by: Teng Long <dyroneteng@gmail.com>
---
    clone: document partial clone section
    
    Partial clones are created using 'git clone', but there is no related
    help information in the git-clone documentation during a period. Add a
    relevant section to help users understand what partial clones are and
    how they differ from normal clones.
    
    The section briefly introduces the applicable scenarios and some
    precautions of partial clone. If users want to know more about its
    technical design and other details, users can view the link of
    git-partial-clone(7) according to the guidelines in the section.

Published-As: https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git/releases/tag/pr-git-745%2Fdyrone%2Fmaster-v1
Fetch-It-Via: git fetch https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git pr-git-745/dyrone/master-v1
Pull-Request: https://github.com/git/git/pull/745

 Documentation/git-clone.txt | 69 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 69 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/git-clone.txt b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
index bf24f1813ad..dd92d153535 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-clone.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-clone.txt
@@ -297,6 +297,75 @@ or `--mirror` is given)
 	for `host.xz:foo/.git`).  Cloning into an existing directory
 	is only allowed if the directory is empty.
 
+Partial Clone
+-------------
+
+By default, `git clone` will download every reachable object, including
+every version of every file in the history of the repository. The **partial clone**
+feature allows Git to transfer fewer objects and request them from the
+remote only when they are needed, so some reachable objects can be
+omitted from the initial `git clone` and subsequent `git fetch`
+operations. In this way, a partial clone can reduce the network traffic
+costs and disk space usage when git is working under a large repository.
+
+To use the partial clone feature, you can run `git clone` with the 
+`--filter=<filter-spec>` option. If the repository has a deep history
+and you don't want to download any blobs, the form `filter=blob:none`
+will omit all the blobs. If the repository has some large blobs and you
+want to prevent some large blobs being downloaded by an appropriate
+threshold, the form `--filter=blob:limit=<n>[kmg]` omits blobs larger
+than n bytes or units (see linkgit:git-rev-list[1]).
+
+When using a partial clone, Git will request missing objects from the
+remote(s) when necessary. Several commands that do not involve a request
+over a network may now trigger these requests.
+
+For example, The <repository> contains two branches which names 'master'
+and 'topic. Then, we clone the repository by
+
+    $ git clone --filter=blob:none --no-checkout <repository>
+
+With the `--filter=blob:none` option Git will omit all the blobs and
+the `--no-checkout` option Git will not perform a checkout of HEAD
+after the clone is complete. Then, we check out the remote tracking
+'topic' branch by
+
+    $ git checkout -b topic origin/topic 
+
+The output looks like
+
+------------
+    remote: Enumerating objects: 1, done.
+    remote: Counting objects: 100% (1/1), done.
+    remote: Total 1 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 0
+    Receiving objects: 100% (1/1), 43 bytes | 43.00 KiB/s, done.
+    Branch 'topic' set up to track remote branch 'topic' from 'origin'.
+    Switched to a new branch 'topic'
+------------
+
+The output is a bit surprising but it shows how partial clone works.
+When we check out the branch 'topic' Git will request the missing blobs
+because they are needed. Then, We can switch back to branch 'master' by
+
+    $ git checkout master
+
+This time the output looks like
+
+------------
+    Switched to branch 'master'
+    Your branch is up to date with 'origin/master'.
+------------
+
+It shows that when we switch back to the previous location, the checkout
+is done without a download because the repository has all the blobs that
+were downloaded previously.
+
+`git log` may also make a surprise with partial clones. `git log
+--<path>` will not cause downloads with the blob filters, because it's
+only reading commits. `git log -p -- <path>` will download blobs to
+generate the patch output and git log --raw will download all blobs
+that changed at recent commits in order to compute renames.
+
 :git-clone: 1
 include::urls.txt[]
 

base-commit: 9fadedd637b312089337d73c3ed8447e9f0aa775
-- 
gitgitgadget

             reply	other threads:[~2020-04-02  2:02 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 24+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-04-02  2:02 Teng Long via GitGitGadget [this message]
2020-04-02 11:29 ` Derrick Stolee
2020-04-02 17:37 ` Junio C Hamano
2020-04-02 17:52   ` Derrick Stolee
2020-04-13 15:25 ` [PATCH v2 0/3] " Teng Long via GitGitGadget
2020-04-13 15:25   ` [PATCH v2 1/3] partial-clone: set default filter with --partial Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-04-13 15:25   ` [PATCH v2 2/3] clone: document --partial and --filter options Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-04-13 15:26   ` [PATCH v2 3/3] clone: document partial clone section Dyrone Teng via GitGitGadget
2020-10-27 13:41     ` Philippe Blain
2020-04-13 22:45   ` [PATCH v2 0/3] " Junio C Hamano
2020-04-14 13:43     ` Derrick Stolee
2020-04-14 16:25       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-04-14 16:26         ` Derrick Stolee
2020-04-14 13:42   ` Derrick Stolee
2020-10-27  3:12   ` [PATCH v3] " Teng Long via GitGitGadget
2020-10-27 13:13     ` Philippe Blain
2020-10-27 18:51       ` Junio C Hamano
2021-02-25  9:13     ` [PATCH v4] " Teng Long via GitGitGadget
2021-02-25 13:38       ` Philippe Blain
2021-03-02 14:25       ` [PATCH v5] " Teng Long via GitGitGadget
2021-03-03 19:25         ` Junio C Hamano
2021-05-06  6:27           ` Fix inconsistent signed-off-by abd author name Teng Long
2021-05-06  6:30         ` [PATCH 1/1] clone: document partial clone section Teng Long
2021-05-07  4:00           ` Bagas Sanjaya

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