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From: "Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget" <>
Cc: Derrick Stolee <>,
	Derrick Stolee <>
Subject: [PATCH] commit-graph: ignore duplicates when merging layers
Date: Thu, 08 Oct 2020 13:56:52 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)

From: Derrick Stolee <>

Thomas reported [1] that a "git fetch" command was failing with an error
saying "unexpected duplicate commit id". The root cause is that they had
fetch.writeCommitGraph enabled which generates commit-graph chains, and
this instance was merging two layers that both contained the same commit


The initial assumption is that Git would not write a commit ID into a
commit-graph layer if it already exists in a lower commit-graph layer.
Somehow, this specific case did get into that situation, leading to this

While unexpected, this isn't actually invalid (as long as the two layers
agree on the metadata for the commit). When we parse a commit that does
not have a graph_pos in the commit_graph_data_slab, we use binary search
in the commit-graph layers to find the commit and set graph_pos. That
position is never used again in this case. However, when we parse a
commit from the commit-graph file, we load its parents from the
commit-graph and assign graph_pos at that point. If those parents were
already parsed from the commit-graph, then nothing needs to be done.
Otherwise, this graph_pos is a valid position in the commit-graph so we
can parse the parents, when necessary.

Thus, this die() is too aggignoring the duplicates.

This leads to some additional complication that we did no have before:
if we only ignore the duplicates, then we will produce a commit-graph
that has identical commit IDs listed in adjacent positions. This excess
data will never be removed from the commit-graph, which could cascade
into significantly bloated file sizes.

Begrudgingly, the best way to fix this is to copy the commit pointers
into a new list that only contains de-duplicated commit IDs. This adds a
slight memory overhead, but it is small compared to having all of these
commits parsed in memory, so it should be an acceptable cost for
avoiding these failures.

Since the root cause for producing commit-graph layers with these
duplicate commits is currently unknown, it is difficult to create a test
for this scenario. For now, we must rely on testing the example data
graciously provided in [1]. My local test successfully merged layers,
and 'git commit-graph verify' passed.

Reported-by: Thomas Braun <>
Co-authored-by: Jeff King <>
Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <>
    commit-graph: ignore duplicates when merging layers
    This wasn't quite as simple as what Peff had posted, since we really
    don't want to keep duplicate commits around in the new merged layer.
    I still don't have a grasp on how this happened in the first place, but
    will keep looking.
    Thanks, -Stolee

Fetch-It-Via: git fetch pr-747/derrickstolee/commit-graph-dup-commits-v1

 commit-graph.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/commit-graph.c b/commit-graph.c
index cb042bdba8..29bac78dc3 100644
--- a/commit-graph.c
+++ b/commit-graph.c
@@ -2009,6 +2009,7 @@ static int commit_compare(const void *_a, const void *_b)
 static void sort_and_scan_merged_commits(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
 	uint32_t i;
+	struct packed_commit_list deduped_commits = { NULL, 0, 0 };
 	if (ctx->report_progress)
 		ctx->progress = start_delayed_progress(
@@ -2016,6 +2017,8 @@ static void sort_and_scan_merged_commits(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
 	QSORT(ctx->commits.list, ctx->, commit_compare);
+	deduped_commits.alloc = ctx->;
+	ALLOC_ARRAY(deduped_commits.list, deduped_commits.alloc);
 	ctx->num_extra_edges = 0;
 	for (i = 0; i < ctx->; i++) {
@@ -2023,17 +2026,30 @@ static void sort_and_scan_merged_commits(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
 		if (i && oideq(&ctx->commits.list[i - 1]->object.oid,
 			  &ctx->commits.list[i]->object.oid)) {
-			die(_("unexpected duplicate commit id %s"),
-			    oid_to_hex(&ctx->commits.list[i]->object.oid));
+			/*
+			 * Silently ignore duplicates. These were likely
+			 * created due to a commit appearing in multiple
+			 * layers of the chain, which is unexpected but
+			 * not invalid. We should make sure there is a
+			 * unique copy in the new layer.
+			 */
 		} else {
 			unsigned int num_parents;
+			deduped_commits.list[] = ctx->commits.list[i];
 			num_parents = commit_list_count(ctx->commits.list[i]->parents);
 			if (num_parents > 2)
 				ctx->num_extra_edges += num_parents - 1;
+	free(ctx->commits.list);
+	ctx->commits.list = deduped_commits.list;
+	ctx-> =;
+	ctx->commits.alloc = deduped_commits.alloc;

base-commit: d98273ba77e1ab9ec755576bc86c716a97bf59d7

             reply	other threads:[~2020-10-08 13:57 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 14+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-10-08 13:56 Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget [this message]
2020-10-08 14:15 ` Taylor Blau
2020-10-08 14:29   ` Derrick Stolee
2020-10-08 14:59 ` [PATCH v2] " Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-10-08 15:04   ` [PATCH v3] " Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-10-08 15:53     ` Jeff King
2020-10-08 16:26       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-10-08 16:42         ` Taylor Blau
2020-10-08 16:43         ` Jeff King
2020-10-09 20:53     ` [PATCH v4 0/2] " Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-10-09 20:53       ` [PATCH v4 1/2] " Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-10-09 20:53       ` [PATCH v4 2/2] commit-graph: don't write commit-graph when disabled Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-10-09 21:12         ` Junio C Hamano
2020-10-09 21:17         ` Taylor Blau

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