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From: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
To: Jeff King <peff@peff.net>
Cc: Johannes Schindelin <Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de>, git@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v2] t/README: suggest how to leave test early with failure
Date: Sat, 28 Mar 2020 16:49:07 -0700
Message-ID: <xmqqpncwca6k.fsf_-_@gitster.c.googlers.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200328105418.GA639140@coredump.intra.peff.net> (Jeff King's message of "Sat, 28 Mar 2020 06:54:18 -0400")

Over time, we added the support to our test framework to make it
easy to leave a test early with failure, but it was not clearly
documented in t/README to help developers writing new tests.

Helped-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
---

 * Trimmed the description quite a bit and dropped alternatives.

 t/README | 34 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 34 insertions(+)

diff --git a/t/README b/t/README
index 9afd61e3ca..0dca346950 100644
--- a/t/README
+++ b/t/README
@@ -550,6 +550,40 @@ Here are the "do's:"
    reports "ok" or "not ok" to the end user running the tests. Under
    --verbose, they are shown to help debug the tests.
 
+ - Be careful when you loop
+
+   You may need to verify multiple things in a loop, but the
+   following does not work correctly:
+
+	test_expect_success 'test three things' '
+	    for i in one two three
+	    do
+		test_something "$i"
+	    done &&
+	    test_something_else
+	'
+
+   Because the status of the loop itself is the exit status of the
+   test_something in the last round, the loop does not fail when
+   "test_something" for "one" or "two".  This is not what you want.
+
+   Instead, you can break out of the loop immediately when you see a
+   failure.  Because all test_expect_* snippets are executed inside
+   a function, "return 1" can be used to fail the test immediately
+   upon a failure:
+
+	test_expect_success 'test three things' '
+	    for i in one two three
+	    do
+		test_something "$i" || return 1
+	    done &&
+	    test_something_else
+	'
+
+   Note that we still &&-chain the loop to propagate failures from
+   earlier commands.
+
+
 And here are the "don'ts:"
 
  - Don't exit() within a <script> part.
-- 
2.26.0-103-g3bab5d5625


  reply index

Thread overview: 55+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-03-23 13:09 [PATCH 0/2] Enable GPG in the Windows part of the CI/PR builds Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2020-03-23 13:09 ` [PATCH 1/2] tests(gpg): allow the gpg-agent to start on Windows Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2020-03-23 17:46   ` Junio C Hamano
2020-03-24 19:55     ` Johannes Schindelin
2020-03-24 20:59       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-03-24 22:26         ` Johannes Schindelin
2020-03-24 23:40           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-03-23 13:09 ` [PATCH 2/2] tests(gpg): increase verbosity to allow debugging Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2020-03-23 17:32   ` Jeff King
2020-03-23 18:04     ` Jeff King
2020-03-23 19:21       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-03-23 20:15         ` Jeff King
2020-03-23 21:28           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-03-23 21:31             ` Jeff King
2020-03-24 21:41               ` Johannes Schindelin
2020-03-24 22:05                 ` Jeff King
2020-03-24 22:25                   ` Johannes Schindelin
2020-03-24 22:33                     ` Jeff King
2020-03-25  5:41 ` [PATCH v2 0/5] Enable GPG in the Windows part of the CI/PR builds Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2020-03-25  5:41   ` [PATCH v2 1/5] tests(gpg): allow the gpg-agent to start on Windows Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2020-03-25  5:41   ` [PATCH v2 2/5] t/lib-gpg.sh: stop pretending to be a stand-alone script Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2020-03-26  8:21     ` Jeff King
2020-03-26 13:48       ` Johannes Schindelin
2020-03-26 19:31       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-03-25  5:41   ` [PATCH v2 3/5] tests: turn GPG, GPGSM and RFC1991 into lazy prereqs Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2020-03-25 17:25     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-03-26  8:35     ` Jeff King
2020-03-26 14:27       ` Johannes Schindelin
2020-03-27  9:10         ` Jeff King
2020-03-27 17:44           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-03-27 20:24             ` Eric Sunshine
2020-03-27 21:37               ` Junio C Hamano
2020-03-28 10:58                 ` Jeff King
2020-03-28 10:54             ` Jeff King
2020-03-28 23:49               ` Junio C Hamano [this message]
2020-03-29  7:23                 ` [PATCH v2] t/README: suggest how to leave test early with failure Eric Sunshine
2020-03-29 14:33                 ` Jeff King
2020-03-30 18:39           ` [PATCH v2 3/5] tests: turn GPG, GPGSM and RFC1991 into lazy prereqs Johannes Schindelin
2020-03-31  9:34             ` Jeff King
2020-03-25  5:41   ` [PATCH v2 4/5] tests: do not let lazy prereqs inside `test_expect_*` turn off tracing Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2020-03-25 17:23     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-03-26 13:45       ` Johannes Schindelin
2020-03-26  8:49     ` Jeff King
2020-03-26 14:34       ` Johannes Schindelin
2020-03-25  5:41   ` [PATCH v2 5/5] tests: increase the verbosity of the GPG-related prereqs Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2020-03-26  8:50     ` Jeff King
2020-03-26 14:36       ` Johannes Schindelin
2020-03-26 15:35   ` [PATCH v3 0/5] Enable GPG in the Windows part of the CI/PR builds Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2020-03-26 15:35     ` [PATCH v3 1/5] tests(gpg): allow the gpg-agent to start on Windows Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2020-03-26 15:35     ` [PATCH v3 2/5] t/lib-gpg.sh: stop pretending to be a stand-alone script Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2020-03-26 15:35     ` [PATCH v3 3/5] tests: do not let lazy prereqs inside `test_expect_*` turn off tracing Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2020-03-26 15:35     ` [PATCH v3 4/5] tests: turn GPG, GPGSM and RFC1991 into lazy prereqs Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2020-03-26 15:35     ` [PATCH v3 5/5] tests: increase the verbosity of the GPG-related prereqs Johannes Schindelin via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  9:12     ` [PATCH v3 0/5] Enable GPG in the Windows part of the CI/PR builds Jeff King
2020-03-27 17:45       ` Junio C Hamano

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