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From: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
To: speck@linutronix.de
Subject: [MODERATED] [PATCH v7 1/5] NX 1
Date: Thu, 24 Oct 2019 18:34:26 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <1571934870-34323-2-git-send-email-pbonzini@redhat.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1571934870-34323-1-git-send-email-pbonzini@redhat.com>

From: Pawan Gupta <pawan.kumar.gupta@linux.intel.com>
Subject: [PATCH v7 1/5] x86: Add ITLB_MULTIHIT bug infrastructure


Some processors may incur a machine check error possibly
resulting in an unrecoverable cpu hang when an instruction fetch
encounters a TLB multi-hit in the instruction TLB. This can occur
when the page size is changed along with either the physical
address or cache type [1].

This issue affects both bare-metal x86 page tables and EPT.

This can be mitigated by either eliminating the use of large
pages or by using careful TLB invalidations when changing the
page size in the page tables.

Just like Spectre, Meltdown, L1TF and MDS, a new bit has been
allocated in MSR_IA32_ARCH_CAPABILITIES (PSCHANGE_MC_NO) and will
be set on CPUs which are mitigated against this issue.

[1] For example please refer to erratum SKL002 in "6th Generation
Intel Processor Family Specification Update"
https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/products/docs/processors/core/desktop-6th-gen-core-family-spec-update.html
https://www.google.com/search?q=site:intel.com+SKL002

There are a lot of other affected processors outside of Skylake and
that the erratum(referred above) does not fully disclose the issue
and the impact, both on Skylake and across all the affected CPUs.

Signed-off-by: Vineela Tummalapalli <vineela.tummalapalli@intel.com>
Co-developed-by: Pawan Gupta <pawan.kumar.gupta@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Pawan Gupta <pawan.kumar.gupta@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
---
 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu |  1 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h                 |  1 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h                   |  7 +++
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c                         | 13 ++++
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c                       | 71 ++++++++++++----------
 drivers/base/cpu.c                                 |  8 +++
 include/linux/cpu.h                                |  2 +
 7 files changed, 70 insertions(+), 33 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu
index 06d0931119cc..55bf5e1538ad 100644
--- a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu
@@ -486,6 +486,7 @@ What:		/sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities
 		/sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/spec_store_bypass
 		/sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/l1tf
 		/sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/mds
+		/sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/itlb_multihit
 Date:		January 2018
 Contact:	Linux kernel mailing list <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
 Description:	Information about CPU vulnerabilities
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
index 0652d3eed9bd..66aaad7611b2 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h
@@ -399,5 +399,6 @@
 #define X86_BUG_MDS			X86_BUG(19) /* CPU is affected by Microarchitectural data sampling */
 #define X86_BUG_MSBDS_ONLY		X86_BUG(20) /* CPU is only affected by the  MSDBS variant of BUG_MDS */
 #define X86_BUG_SWAPGS			X86_BUG(21) /* CPU is affected by speculation through SWAPGS */
+#define X86_BUG_ITLB_MULTIHIT		X86_BUG(22) /* CPU may incur MCE during certain page attribute changes */
 
 #endif /* _ASM_X86_CPUFEATURES_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
index 20ce682a2540..c678899b21db 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
@@ -93,6 +93,13 @@
 						  * Microarchitectural Data
 						  * Sampling (MDS) vulnerabilities.
 						  */
+#define ARCH_CAP_PSCHANGE_MC_NO		BIT(6)	 /*
+						  * The processor is not susceptible to a
+						  * machine check error due to modifying the
+						  * code page size along with either the
+						  * physical address or cache type
+						  * without TLB invalidation.
+						  */
 
 #define MSR_IA32_FLUSH_CMD		0x0000010b
 #define L1D_FLUSH			BIT(0)	/*
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
index 91c2561b905f..ecd0126648ea 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c
@@ -1311,6 +1311,11 @@ static ssize_t l1tf_show_state(char *buf)
 }
 #endif
 
+static ssize_t itlb_multihit_show_state(char *buf)
+{
+	return sprintf(buf, "Processor vulnerable\n");
+}
+
 static ssize_t mds_show_state(char *buf)
 {
 	if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_HYPERVISOR)) {
@@ -1398,6 +1403,9 @@ static ssize_t cpu_show_common(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr
 	case X86_BUG_MDS:
 		return mds_show_state(buf);
 
+	case X86_BUG_ITLB_MULTIHIT:
+		return itlb_multihit_show_state(buf);
+
 	default:
 		break;
 	}
@@ -1434,4 +1442,9 @@ ssize_t cpu_show_mds(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *bu
 {
 	return cpu_show_common(dev, attr, buf, X86_BUG_MDS);
 }
+
+ssize_t cpu_show_itlb_multihit(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	return cpu_show_common(dev, attr, buf, X86_BUG_ITLB_MULTIHIT);
+}
 #endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
index 9ae7d1bcd4f4..fc00b2349a9f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -1016,13 +1016,14 @@ static void identify_cpu_without_cpuid(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
 #endif
 }
 
-#define NO_SPECULATION	BIT(0)
-#define NO_MELTDOWN	BIT(1)
-#define NO_SSB		BIT(2)
-#define NO_L1TF		BIT(3)
-#define NO_MDS		BIT(4)
-#define MSBDS_ONLY	BIT(5)
-#define NO_SWAPGS	BIT(6)
+#define NO_SPECULATION		BIT(0)
+#define NO_MELTDOWN		BIT(1)
+#define NO_SSB			BIT(2)
+#define NO_L1TF			BIT(3)
+#define NO_MDS			BIT(4)
+#define MSBDS_ONLY		BIT(5)
+#define NO_SWAPGS		BIT(6)
+#define NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT	BIT(7)
 
 #define VULNWL(_vendor, _family, _model, _whitelist)	\
 	{ X86_VENDOR_##_vendor, _family, _model, X86_FEATURE_ANY, _whitelist }
@@ -1043,27 +1044,27 @@ static void identify_cpu_without_cpuid(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
 	VULNWL(NSC,	5, X86_MODEL_ANY,	NO_SPECULATION),
 
 	/* Intel Family 6 */
-	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_SALTWELL,		NO_SPECULATION),
-	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_SALTWELL_TABLET,	NO_SPECULATION),
-	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_SALTWELL_MID,		NO_SPECULATION),
-	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_BONNELL,		NO_SPECULATION),
-	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_BONNELL_MID,		NO_SPECULATION),
-
-	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_SILVERMONT,		NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS),
-	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_SILVERMONT_D,		NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS),
-	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_SILVERMONT_MID,	NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS),
-	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_AIRMONT,		NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS),
-	VULNWL_INTEL(XEON_PHI_KNL,		NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS),
-	VULNWL_INTEL(XEON_PHI_KNM,		NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS),
+	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_SALTWELL,		NO_SPECULATION | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
+	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_SALTWELL_TABLET,	NO_SPECULATION | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
+	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_SALTWELL_MID,		NO_SPECULATION | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
+	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_BONNELL,		NO_SPECULATION | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
+	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_BONNELL_MID,		NO_SPECULATION | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
+
+	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_SILVERMONT,		NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
+	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_SILVERMONT_D,		NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
+	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_SILVERMONT_MID,	NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
+	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_AIRMONT,		NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
+	VULNWL_INTEL(XEON_PHI_KNL,		NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
+	VULNWL_INTEL(XEON_PHI_KNM,		NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
 
 	VULNWL_INTEL(CORE_YONAH,		NO_SSB),
 
-	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_AIRMONT_MID,		NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS),
-	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_AIRMONT_NP,		NO_L1TF | NO_SWAPGS),
+	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_AIRMONT_MID,		NO_L1TF | MSBDS_ONLY | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
+	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_AIRMONT_NP,		NO_L1TF | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
 
-	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_GOLDMONT,		NO_MDS | NO_L1TF | NO_SWAPGS),
-	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_GOLDMONT_D,		NO_MDS | NO_L1TF | NO_SWAPGS),
-	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_GOLDMONT_PLUS,	NO_MDS | NO_L1TF | NO_SWAPGS),
+	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_GOLDMONT,		NO_MDS | NO_L1TF | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
+	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_GOLDMONT_D,		NO_MDS | NO_L1TF | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
+	VULNWL_INTEL(ATOM_GOLDMONT_PLUS,	NO_MDS | NO_L1TF | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
 
 	/*
 	 * Technically, swapgs isn't serializing on AMD (despite it previously
@@ -1074,14 +1075,14 @@ static void identify_cpu_without_cpuid(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
 	 */
 
 	/* AMD Family 0xf - 0x12 */
-	VULNWL_AMD(0x0f,	NO_MELTDOWN | NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | NO_MDS | NO_SWAPGS),
-	VULNWL_AMD(0x10,	NO_MELTDOWN | NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | NO_MDS | NO_SWAPGS),
-	VULNWL_AMD(0x11,	NO_MELTDOWN | NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | NO_MDS | NO_SWAPGS),
-	VULNWL_AMD(0x12,	NO_MELTDOWN | NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | NO_MDS | NO_SWAPGS),
+	VULNWL_AMD(0x0f,	NO_MELTDOWN | NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | NO_MDS | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
+	VULNWL_AMD(0x10,	NO_MELTDOWN | NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | NO_MDS | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
+	VULNWL_AMD(0x11,	NO_MELTDOWN | NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | NO_MDS | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
+	VULNWL_AMD(0x12,	NO_MELTDOWN | NO_SSB | NO_L1TF | NO_MDS | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
 
 	/* FAMILY_ANY must be last, otherwise 0x0f - 0x12 matches won't work */
-	VULNWL_AMD(X86_FAMILY_ANY,	NO_MELTDOWN | NO_L1TF | NO_MDS | NO_SWAPGS),
-	VULNWL_HYGON(X86_FAMILY_ANY,	NO_MELTDOWN | NO_L1TF | NO_MDS | NO_SWAPGS),
+	VULNWL_AMD(X86_FAMILY_ANY,	NO_MELTDOWN | NO_L1TF | NO_MDS | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
+	VULNWL_HYGON(X86_FAMILY_ANY,	NO_MELTDOWN | NO_L1TF | NO_MDS | NO_SWAPGS | NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT),
 	{}
 };
 
@@ -1096,15 +1097,19 @@ static void __init cpu_set_bug_bits(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
 {
 	u64 ia32_cap = 0;
 
+	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_ARCH_CAPABILITIES))
+		rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_ARCH_CAPABILITIES, ia32_cap);
+
+	/* Set ITLB_MULTIHIT bug if cpu is not in the whitelist and not mitigated */
+	if (!cpu_matches(NO_ITLB_MULTIHIT) && !(ia32_cap & ARCH_CAP_PSCHANGE_MC_NO))
+		setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_ITLB_MULTIHIT);
+
 	if (cpu_matches(NO_SPECULATION))
 		return;
 
 	setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_SPECTRE_V1);
 	setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_SPECTRE_V2);
 
-	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_ARCH_CAPABILITIES))
-		rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_ARCH_CAPABILITIES, ia32_cap);
-
 	if (!cpu_matches(NO_SSB) && !(ia32_cap & ARCH_CAP_SSB_NO) &&
 	   !cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_AMD_SSB_NO))
 		setup_force_cpu_bug(X86_BUG_SPEC_STORE_BYPASS);
diff --git a/drivers/base/cpu.c b/drivers/base/cpu.c
index cc37511de866..f1a6e020ed8d 100644
--- a/drivers/base/cpu.c
+++ b/drivers/base/cpu.c
@@ -554,12 +554,19 @@ ssize_t __weak cpu_show_mds(struct device *dev,
 	return sprintf(buf, "Not affected\n");
 }
 
+ssize_t __weak cpu_show_itlb_multihit(struct device *dev,
+			    struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	return sprintf(buf, "Not affected\n");
+}
+
 static DEVICE_ATTR(meltdown, 0444, cpu_show_meltdown, NULL);
 static DEVICE_ATTR(spectre_v1, 0444, cpu_show_spectre_v1, NULL);
 static DEVICE_ATTR(spectre_v2, 0444, cpu_show_spectre_v2, NULL);
 static DEVICE_ATTR(spec_store_bypass, 0444, cpu_show_spec_store_bypass, NULL);
 static DEVICE_ATTR(l1tf, 0444, cpu_show_l1tf, NULL);
 static DEVICE_ATTR(mds, 0444, cpu_show_mds, NULL);
+static DEVICE_ATTR(itlb_multihit, 0444, cpu_show_itlb_multihit, NULL);
 
 static struct attribute *cpu_root_vulnerabilities_attrs[] = {
 	&dev_attr_meltdown.attr,
@@ -568,6 +575,7 @@ ssize_t __weak cpu_show_mds(struct device *dev,
 	&dev_attr_spec_store_bypass.attr,
 	&dev_attr_l1tf.attr,
 	&dev_attr_mds.attr,
+	&dev_attr_itlb_multihit.attr,
 	NULL
 };
 
diff --git a/include/linux/cpu.h b/include/linux/cpu.h
index d0633ebdaa9c..038866a28f2c 100644
--- a/include/linux/cpu.h
+++ b/include/linux/cpu.h
@@ -59,6 +59,8 @@ extern ssize_t cpu_show_l1tf(struct device *dev,
 			     struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf);
 extern ssize_t cpu_show_mds(struct device *dev,
 			    struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf);
+extern ssize_t cpu_show_itlb_multihit(struct device *dev,
+				      struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf);
 
 extern __printf(4, 5)
 struct device *cpu_device_create(struct device *parent, void *drvdata,
-- 
1.8.3.1

  reply	other threads:[~2019-10-24 16:34 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 19+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-10-24 16:34 [MODERATED] [PATCH v7 0/5] NX 0 Paolo Bonzini
2019-10-24 16:34 ` Paolo Bonzini [this message]
2019-10-30 18:38   ` [MODERATED] Re: [PATCH v7 1/5] NX 1 Josh Poimboeuf
2019-10-31 11:05     ` Paolo Bonzini
2019-10-24 16:34 ` [MODERATED] [PATCH v7 2/5] NX 2 Paolo Bonzini
2019-10-24 16:34 ` [MODERATED] [PATCH v7 3/5] NX 3 Paolo Bonzini
2019-10-25  8:37   ` [MODERATED] Re: ***UNCHECKED*** " Joerg Roedel
2019-10-25  8:48     ` Paolo Bonzini
2019-10-25  9:03       ` [MODERATED] Re: ***UNCHECKED*** " Joerg Roedel
2019-10-25  9:08         ` Paolo Bonzini
2019-10-25  9:45           ` [MODERATED] Re: ***UNCHECKED*** " Joerg Roedel
2019-10-25 10:39             ` Paolo Bonzini
2019-10-29 20:33               ` mark gross
2019-10-31 11:02                 ` Paolo Bonzini
2019-10-24 16:34 ` [MODERATED] [PATCH v7 4/5] NX 4 Paolo Bonzini
2019-10-24 16:34 ` [MODERATED] [PATCH v7 5/5] NX 5 Paolo Bonzini
2019-10-24 18:27 ` [MODERATED] Re: [PATCH v7 0/5] NX 0 Ben Hutchings
2019-10-24 18:56   ` Paolo Bonzini
  -- strict thread matches above, loose matches on Subject: below --
2019-10-24  7:34 [MODERATED] " Paolo Bonzini
2019-10-24  7:34 ` [MODERATED] [PATCH v7 1/5] NX 1 Paolo Bonzini

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