IO-Uring Archive on lore.kernel.org
 help / color / Atom feed
From: Xiaoguang Wang <xiaoguang.wang@linux.alibaba.com>
To: io-uring@vger.kernel.org
Cc: axboe@kernel.dk, joseph.qi@linux.alibaba.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH] io_uring: refacor file register/unregister/update based on sequence
Date: Mon, 23 Mar 2020 20:02:54 +0800
Message-ID: <1431001a-f487-1ccd-65c9-7cfcb889f05b@linux.alibaba.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200323115036.6539-1-xiaoguang.wang@linux.alibaba.com>

hi,

Currently I have just run some fio job with registerfiles=1, and run some
testcases in liburing: file-update, file-register and read-write, I also
plan to run more, but please have a look at this idea :)

Regards,
Xiaoguang Wang


> While diving into iouring fileset resigster/unregister/update codes,
> we found one bug in fileset update codes. Iouring fileset update codes
> use a percpu_ref variable to check whether can put previous registered
> file, only when the refcnt of the perfcpu_ref variable reachs zero, can
> we safely put these files, but this do not work well. If applications
> always issue requests continually, this perfcpu_ref will never have an
> chance to reach zero, and it'll always be in atomic mode, also will
> defeat the gains introduced by fileset register/unresiger/update feature,
> which are used to reduce the atomic operation overhead of fput/fget.
> 
> To fix this issue, we remove the percpu_ref related codes, and add two new
> counter: sq_seq and cq_seq to struct io_ring_ctx:
>      sq_seq: the most recent issued requset sequence number, which is
>              protected uring_lock.
>      cq_seq: the most recent completed request sequence number, which is
>              protected completion_lock.
> 
> When we update fileset(under uring_lock), we record the current sq_seq,
> and when cq_seq is greater or equal to recorded sq_seq, we know we can
> put previous registered file safely.
> 
> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/io-uring/5a8dac33-4ca2-4847-b091-f7dcd3ad0ff3@linux.alibaba.com/T/#t
> Signed-off-by: Xiaoguang Wang <xiaoguang.wang@linux.alibaba.com>
> ---
>   fs/io_uring.c | 278 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------------
>   1 file changed, 155 insertions(+), 123 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/io_uring.c b/fs/io_uring.c
> index 3affd96a98ba..d33cf957a074 100644
> --- a/fs/io_uring.c
> +++ b/fs/io_uring.c
> @@ -186,13 +186,27 @@ struct fixed_file_table {
>   struct fixed_file_data {
>   	struct fixed_file_table		*table;
>   	struct io_ring_ctx		*ctx;
> -
>   	struct percpu_ref		refs;
> -	struct llist_head		put_llist;
> +	struct list_head		drop_list;
>   	struct work_struct		ref_work;
> +	unsigned long			wait_seq;
> +	wait_queue_head_t		wait;
>   	struct completion		done;
>   };
>   
> +struct io_file {
> +	struct list_head list;
> +	struct file *file;
> +};
> +
> +struct io_file_set {
> +	unsigned long			seq;
> +	struct list_head		file_list;
> +	struct list_head		node;
> +	struct fixed_file_data		*file_data;
> +	struct work_struct		work;
> +};
> +
>   struct io_ring_ctx {
>   	struct {
>   		struct percpu_ref	refs;
> @@ -306,6 +320,11 @@ struct io_ring_ctx {
>   		spinlock_t		inflight_lock;
>   		struct list_head	inflight_list;
>   	} ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
> +
> +	struct {
> +		unsigned long		sq_seq;
> +		unsigned long		cq_seq;
> +	} ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
>   };
>   
>   /*
> @@ -759,7 +778,7 @@ static int __io_sqe_files_update(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx,
>   				 struct io_uring_files_update *ip,
>   				 unsigned nr_args);
>   static int io_grab_files(struct io_kiocb *req);
> -static void io_ring_file_ref_flush(struct fixed_file_data *data);
> +static void io_ring_file_put(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, struct file *file);
>   static void io_cleanup_req(struct io_kiocb *req);
>   
>   static struct kmem_cache *req_cachep;
> @@ -1017,6 +1036,56 @@ static void io_kill_timeouts(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx)
>   	spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->completion_lock);
>   }
>   
> +static void put_files(struct io_file_set *drop_files)
> +{
> +	struct io_file *pfile, *tmp;
> +	struct fixed_file_data *file_data = drop_files->file_data;
> +	struct io_ring_ctx *ctx = file_data->ctx;
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry_safe(pfile, tmp, &drop_files->file_list, list) {
> +		list_del_init(&pfile->list);
> +		io_ring_file_put(ctx, pfile->file);
> +		kfree(pfile);
> +	}
> +
> +}
> +
> +static void io_file_put_work(struct work_struct *work)
> +{
> +	struct io_file_set *drop_files;
> +	struct fixed_file_data *data;
> +
> +	drop_files = container_of(work, struct io_file_set, work);
> +	data = drop_files->file_data;
> +	put_files(drop_files);
> +	kfree(drop_files);
> +	percpu_ref_put(&data->refs);
> +}
> +
> +static void io_file_set_put(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx)
> +{
> +	struct fixed_file_data *data = ctx->file_data;
> +	struct io_file_set *drop_files, *tmp;
> +
> +	if (!data)
> +		return;
> +
> +	if (unlikely(data->wait_seq <= ctx->cq_seq &&
> +	    wq_has_sleeper(&data->wait)))
> +		wake_up(&data->wait);
> +
> +	if (list_empty(&data->drop_list))
> +		return;
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry_safe(drop_files, tmp, &data->drop_list, node) {
> +		if (drop_files->seq <= ctx->cq_seq) {
> +			list_del_init(&drop_files->node);
> +			queue_work(system_wq, &drop_files->work);
> +		} else
> +			break;
> +	}
> +}
> +
>   static void io_commit_cqring(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx)
>   {
>   	struct io_kiocb *req;
> @@ -1026,6 +1095,8 @@ static void io_commit_cqring(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx)
>   
>   	__io_commit_cqring(ctx);
>   
> +	io_file_set_put(ctx);
> +
>   	while ((req = io_get_deferred_req(ctx)) != NULL)
>   		io_queue_async_work(req);
>   }
> @@ -1162,6 +1233,7 @@ static void io_cqring_fill_event(struct io_kiocb *req, long res)
>   		req->result = res;
>   		list_add_tail(&req->list, &ctx->cq_overflow_list);
>   	}
> +	ctx->cq_seq++;
>   }
>   
>   static void io_cqring_add_event(struct io_kiocb *req, long res)
> @@ -1256,18 +1328,12 @@ static void __io_req_do_free(struct io_kiocb *req)
>   
>   static void __io_req_aux_free(struct io_kiocb *req)
>   {
> -	struct io_ring_ctx *ctx = req->ctx;
> -
>   	if (req->flags & REQ_F_NEED_CLEANUP)
>   		io_cleanup_req(req);
>   
>   	kfree(req->io);
> -	if (req->file) {
> -		if (req->flags & REQ_F_FIXED_FILE)
> -			percpu_ref_put(&ctx->file_data->refs);
> -		else
> -			fput(req->file);
> -	}
> +	if (req->file && !(req->flags & REQ_F_FIXED_FILE))
> +		fput(req->file);
>   
>   	io_req_work_drop_env(req);
>   }
> @@ -1339,8 +1405,6 @@ static void io_free_req_many(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, struct req_batch *rb)
>   	}
>   do_free:
>   	kmem_cache_free_bulk(req_cachep, rb->to_free, rb->reqs);
> -	if (fixed_refs)
> -		percpu_ref_put_many(&ctx->file_data->refs, fixed_refs);
>   	percpu_ref_put_many(&ctx->refs, rb->to_free);
>   	rb->to_free = rb->need_iter = 0;
>   }
> @@ -4122,7 +4186,9 @@ static int io_files_update(struct io_kiocb *req, bool force_nonblock)
>   	up.fds = req->files_update.arg;
>   
>   	mutex_lock(&ctx->uring_lock);
> +	ctx->sq_seq--;
>   	ret = __io_sqe_files_update(ctx, &up, req->files_update.nr_args);
> +	ctx->sq_seq++;
>   	mutex_unlock(&ctx->uring_lock);
>   
>   	if (ret < 0)
> @@ -4600,7 +4666,6 @@ static int io_req_set_file(struct io_submit_state *state, struct io_kiocb *req,
>   		if (!req->file)
>   			return -EBADF;
>   		req->flags |= REQ_F_FIXED_FILE;
> -		percpu_ref_get(&ctx->file_data->refs);
>   	} else {
>   		if (req->needs_fixed_file)
>   			return -EBADF;
> @@ -5002,6 +5067,7 @@ static bool io_get_sqring(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, struct io_kiocb *req,
>   		req->opcode = READ_ONCE((*sqe_ptr)->opcode);
>   		req->user_data = READ_ONCE((*sqe_ptr)->user_data);
>   		ctx->cached_sq_head++;
> +		ctx->sq_seq++;
>   		return true;
>   	}
>   
> @@ -5336,51 +5402,37 @@ static void __io_sqe_files_unregister(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx)
>   #endif
>   }
>   
> -static void io_file_ref_kill(struct percpu_ref *ref)
> -{
> -	struct fixed_file_data *data;
> -
> -	data = container_of(ref, struct fixed_file_data, refs);
> -	complete(&data->done);
> -}
> -
> -static void io_file_ref_exit_and_free(struct work_struct *work)
> -{
> -	struct fixed_file_data *data;
> -
> -	data = container_of(work, struct fixed_file_data, ref_work);
> -
> -	/*
> -	 * Ensure any percpu-ref atomic switch callback has run, it could have
> -	 * been in progress when the files were being unregistered. Once
> -	 * that's done, we can safely exit and free the ref and containing
> -	 * data structure.
> -	 */
> -	rcu_barrier();
> -	percpu_ref_exit(&data->refs);
> -	kfree(data);
> -}
> -
>   static int io_sqe_files_unregister(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx)
>   {
>   	struct fixed_file_data *data = ctx->file_data;
>   	unsigned nr_tables, i;
> +	DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
> +	unsigned long flags;
>   
>   	if (!data)
>   		return -ENXIO;
>   
> -	percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm(&data->refs, io_file_ref_kill);
> -	flush_work(&data->ref_work);
> +	percpu_ref_kill(&data->refs);
>   	wait_for_completion(&data->done);
> -	io_ring_file_ref_flush(data);
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&ctx->completion_lock, flags);
> +	prepare_to_wait(&data->wait, &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
> +	if (ctx->cq_seq >= ctx->sq_seq) {
> +		finish_wait(&data->wait, &wait);
> +		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctx->completion_lock, flags);
> +	} else {
> +		data->wait_seq = ctx->sq_seq;
> +		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctx->completion_lock, flags);
> +		schedule();
> +		finish_wait(&data->wait, &wait);
> +		data->wait_seq = 0;
> +	}
>   
>   	__io_sqe_files_unregister(ctx);
>   	nr_tables = DIV_ROUND_UP(ctx->nr_user_files, IORING_MAX_FILES_TABLE);
>   	for (i = 0; i < nr_tables; i++)
>   		kfree(data->table[i].files);
>   	kfree(data->table);
> -	INIT_WORK(&data->ref_work, io_file_ref_exit_and_free);
> -	queue_work(system_wq, &data->ref_work);
>   	ctx->file_data = NULL;
>   	ctx->nr_user_files = 0;
>   	return 0;
> @@ -5604,51 +5656,12 @@ static void io_ring_file_put(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, struct file *file)
>   #endif
>   }
>   
> -struct io_file_put {
> -	struct llist_node llist;
> -	struct file *file;
> -	struct completion *done;
> -};
> -
> -static void io_ring_file_ref_flush(struct fixed_file_data *data)
> -{
> -	struct io_file_put *pfile, *tmp;
> -	struct llist_node *node;
> -
> -	while ((node = llist_del_all(&data->put_llist)) != NULL) {
> -		llist_for_each_entry_safe(pfile, tmp, node, llist) {
> -			io_ring_file_put(data->ctx, pfile->file);
> -			if (pfile->done)
> -				complete(pfile->done);
> -			else
> -				kfree(pfile);
> -		}
> -	}
> -}
> -
> -static void io_ring_file_ref_switch(struct work_struct *work)
> -{
> -	struct fixed_file_data *data;
> -
> -	data = container_of(work, struct fixed_file_data, ref_work);
> -	io_ring_file_ref_flush(data);
> -	percpu_ref_switch_to_percpu(&data->refs);
> -}
> -
>   static void io_file_data_ref_zero(struct percpu_ref *ref)
>   {
>   	struct fixed_file_data *data;
>   
>   	data = container_of(ref, struct fixed_file_data, refs);
> -
> -	/*
> -	 * We can't safely switch from inside this context, punt to wq. If
> -	 * the table ref is going away, the table is being unregistered.
> -	 * Don't queue up the async work for that case, the caller will
> -	 * handle it.
> -	 */
> -	if (!percpu_ref_is_dying(&data->refs))
> -		queue_work(system_wq, &data->ref_work);
> +	complete(&data->done);
>   }
>   
>   static int io_sqe_files_register(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, void __user *arg,
> @@ -5672,6 +5685,8 @@ static int io_sqe_files_register(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, void __user *arg,
>   		return -ENOMEM;
>   	ctx->file_data->ctx = ctx;
>   	init_completion(&ctx->file_data->done);
> +	init_waitqueue_head(&ctx->file_data->wait);
> +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ctx->file_data->drop_list);
>   
>   	nr_tables = DIV_ROUND_UP(nr_args, IORING_MAX_FILES_TABLE);
>   	ctx->file_data->table = kcalloc(nr_tables,
> @@ -5684,17 +5699,15 @@ static int io_sqe_files_register(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, void __user *arg,
>   	}
>   
>   	if (percpu_ref_init(&ctx->file_data->refs, io_file_data_ref_zero,
> -				PERCPU_REF_ALLOW_REINIT, GFP_KERNEL)) {
> +			    PERCPU_REF_ALLOW_REINIT, GFP_KERNEL)) {
> +		percpu_ref_exit(&ctx->file_data->refs);
>   		kfree(ctx->file_data->table);
>   		kfree(ctx->file_data);
>   		ctx->file_data = NULL;
>   		return -ENOMEM;
>   	}
> -	ctx->file_data->put_llist.first = NULL;
> -	INIT_WORK(&ctx->file_data->ref_work, io_ring_file_ref_switch);
>   
>   	if (io_sqe_alloc_file_tables(ctx, nr_tables, nr_args)) {
> -		percpu_ref_exit(&ctx->file_data->refs);
>   		kfree(ctx->file_data->table);
>   		kfree(ctx->file_data);
>   		ctx->file_data = NULL;
> @@ -5803,46 +5816,40 @@ static int io_sqe_file_register(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, struct file *file,
>   #endif
>   }
>   
> -static void io_atomic_switch(struct percpu_ref *ref)
> +static void io_queue_file_removal(struct fixed_file_data *data,
> +			struct io_file_set *drop_files, struct file *file)
>   {
> -	struct fixed_file_data *data;
> -
> -	/*
> -	 * Juggle reference to ensure we hit zero, if needed, so we can
> -	 * switch back to percpu mode
> -	 */
> -	data = container_of(ref, struct fixed_file_data, refs);
> -	percpu_ref_put(&data->refs);
> -	percpu_ref_get(&data->refs);
> -}
> -
> -static bool io_queue_file_removal(struct fixed_file_data *data,
> -				  struct file *file)
> -{
> -	struct io_file_put *pfile, pfile_stack;
> -	DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(done);
> +	struct io_file *pfile;
> +	struct io_ring_ctx *ctx = data->ctx;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +	DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
>   
>   	/*
>   	 * If we fail allocating the struct we need for doing async reomval
>   	 * of this file, just punt to sync and wait for it.
>   	 */
>   	pfile = kzalloc(sizeof(*pfile), GFP_KERNEL);
> -	if (!pfile) {
> -		pfile = &pfile_stack;
> -		pfile->done = &done;
> +	if (pfile) {
> +		pfile->file = file;
> +		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pfile->list);
> +		list_add(&pfile->list, &drop_files->file_list);
> +		return;
>   	}
>   
> -	pfile->file = file;
> -	llist_add(&pfile->llist, &data->put_llist);
> -
> -	if (pfile == &pfile_stack) {
> -		percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic(&data->refs, io_atomic_switch);
> -		wait_for_completion(&done);
> -		flush_work(&data->ref_work);
> -		return false;
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&ctx->completion_lock, flags);
> +	prepare_to_wait(&data->wait, &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
> +	if (ctx->cq_seq >= ctx->sq_seq) {
> +		finish_wait(&data->wait, &wait);
> +		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctx->completion_lock, flags);
> +		io_ring_file_put(ctx, file);
> +		return;
>   	}
> -
> -	return true;
> +	data->wait_seq = ctx->sq_seq;
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctx->completion_lock, flags);
> +	schedule();
> +	finish_wait(&data->wait, &wait);
> +	data->wait_seq = 0;
> +	return;
>   }
>   
>   static int __io_sqe_files_update(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx,
> @@ -5850,17 +5857,26 @@ static int __io_sqe_files_update(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx,
>   				 unsigned nr_args)
>   {
>   	struct fixed_file_data *data = ctx->file_data;
> -	bool ref_switch = false;
>   	struct file *file;
>   	__s32 __user *fds;
>   	int fd, i, err;
>   	__u32 done;
> +	struct io_file_set *drop_files;
>   
>   	if (check_add_overflow(up->offset, nr_args, &done))
>   		return -EOVERFLOW;
>   	if (done > ctx->nr_user_files)
>   		return -EINVAL;
>   
> +	drop_files = kzalloc(sizeof(*drop_files), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!drop_files)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	drop_files->file_data = data;
> +	drop_files->seq = ctx->sq_seq;
> +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&drop_files->file_list);
> +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&drop_files->node);
> +	INIT_WORK(&drop_files->work, io_file_put_work);
>   	done = 0;
>   	fds = u64_to_user_ptr(up->fds);
>   	while (nr_args) {
> @@ -5878,8 +5894,7 @@ static int __io_sqe_files_update(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx,
>   		if (table->files[index]) {
>   			file = io_file_from_index(ctx, index);
>   			table->files[index] = NULL;
> -			if (io_queue_file_removal(data, file))
> -				ref_switch = true;
> +			io_queue_file_removal(data, drop_files, file);
>   		}
>   		if (fd != -1) {
>   			file = fget(fd);
> @@ -5910,8 +5925,25 @@ static int __io_sqe_files_update(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx,
>   		up->offset++;
>   	}
>   
> -	if (ref_switch)
> -		percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic(&data->refs, io_atomic_switch);
> +	if (!list_empty(&drop_files->file_list)) {
> +		unsigned long flags;
> +		bool drop = false;
> +
> +		spin_lock_irqsave(&ctx->completion_lock, flags);
> +		if (ctx->cq_seq >= ctx->sq_seq)
> +			drop = true;
> +		else {
> +			drop_files->seq = ctx->sq_seq;
> +			list_add_tail(&drop_files->node, &data->drop_list);
> +		}
> +		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctx->completion_lock, flags);
> +
> +		if (drop) {
> +			put_files(drop_files);
> +			kfree(drop_files);
> +		} else
> +			percpu_ref_get(&ctx->file_data->refs);
> +	}
>   
>   	return done ? done : err;
>   }
> 

  reply index

Thread overview: 5+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-03-23 11:50 Xiaoguang Wang
2020-03-23 12:02 ` Xiaoguang Wang [this message]
2020-03-23 16:05 ` Jens Axboe
2020-03-23 16:45   ` Xiaoguang Wang
2020-03-23 16:49     ` Jens Axboe

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=1431001a-f487-1ccd-65c9-7cfcb889f05b@linux.alibaba.com \
    --to=xiaoguang.wang@linux.alibaba.com \
    --cc=axboe@kernel.dk \
    --cc=io-uring@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=joseph.qi@linux.alibaba.com \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

IO-Uring Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/io-uring/0 io-uring/git/0.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 io-uring io-uring/ https://lore.kernel.org/io-uring \
		io-uring@vger.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index io-uring

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.kernel.vger.io-uring


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git