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* [PATCH v6 0/7] Count rlimits in each user namespace
@ 2021-02-15 12:41 Alexey Gladkov
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 1/7] Increase size of ucounts to atomic_long_t Alexey Gladkov
                   ` (7 more replies)
  0 siblings, 8 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Gladkov @ 2021-02-15 12:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: LKML, io-uring, Kernel Hardening, Linux Containers, linux-mm
  Cc: Alexey Gladkov, Andrew Morton, Christian Brauner,
	Eric W . Biederman, Jann Horn, Jens Axboe, Kees Cook,
	Linus Torvalds, Oleg Nesterov

Preface
-------
These patches are for binding the rlimit counters to a user in user namespace.
This patch set can be applied on top of:

git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git v5.11

Problem
-------
The RLIMIT_NPROC, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK, RLIMIT_SIGPENDING, RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE rlimits
implementation places the counters in user_struct [1]. These limits are global
between processes and persists for the lifetime of the process, even if
processes are in different user namespaces.

To illustrate the impact of rlimits, let's say there is a program that does not
fork. Some service-A wants to run this program as user X in multiple containers.
Since the program never fork the service wants to set RLIMIT_NPROC=1.

service-A
 \- program (uid=1000, container1, rlimit_nproc=1)
 \- program (uid=1000, container2, rlimit_nproc=1)

The service-A sets RLIMIT_NPROC=1 and runs the program in container1. When the
service-A tries to run a program with RLIMIT_NPROC=1 in container2 it fails
since user X already has one running process.

The problem is not that the limit from container1 affects container2. The
problem is that limit is verified against the global counter that reflects
the number of processes in all containers.

This problem can be worked around by using different users for each container
but in this case we face a different problem of uid mapping when transferring
files from one container to another.

Eric W. Biederman mentioned this issue [2][3].

Introduced changes
------------------
To address the problem, we bind rlimit counters to user namespace. Each counter
reflects the number of processes in a given uid in a given user namespace. The
result is a tree of rlimit counters with the biggest value at the root (aka
init_user_ns). The limit is considered exceeded if it's exceeded up in the tree.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/containers/87imd2incs.fsf@x220.int.ebiederm.org/
[2] https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/pipermail/containers/2020-August/042096.html
[3] https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/pipermail/containers/2020-October/042524.html

Changelog
---------
v6:
* Fixed issues found by lkp-tests project.
* Rebased onto v5.11.

v5:
* Split the first commit into two commits: change ucounts.count type to atomic_long_t
  and add ucounts to cred. These commits were merged by mistake during the rebase.
* The __get_ucounts() renamed to alloc_ucounts().
* The cred.ucounts update has been moved from commit_creds() as it did not allow
  to handle errors.
* Added error handling of set_cred_ucounts().

v4:
* Reverted the type change of ucounts.count to refcount_t.
* Fixed typo in the kernel/cred.c

v3:
* Added get_ucounts() function to increase the reference count. The existing
  get_counts() function renamed to __get_ucounts().
* The type of ucounts.count changed from atomic_t to refcount_t.
* Dropped 'const' from set_cred_ucounts() arguments.
* Fixed a bug with freeing the cred structure after calling cred_alloc_blank().
* Commit messages have been updated.
* Added selftest.

v2:
* RLIMIT_MEMLOCK, RLIMIT_SIGPENDING and RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE are migrated to ucounts.
* Added ucounts for pair uid and user namespace into cred.
* Added the ability to increase ucount by more than 1.

v1:
* After discussion with Eric W. Biederman, I increased the size of ucounts to
  atomic_long_t.
* Added ucount_max to avoid the fork bomb.

--

Alexey Gladkov (7):
  Increase size of ucounts to atomic_long_t
  Add a reference to ucounts for each cred
  Reimplement RLIMIT_NPROC on top of ucounts
  Reimplement RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE on top of ucounts
  Reimplement RLIMIT_SIGPENDING on top of ucounts
  Reimplement RLIMIT_MEMLOCK on top of ucounts
  kselftests: Add test to check for rlimit changes in different user
    namespaces

 fs/exec.c                                     |   6 +-
 fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c                          |  16 +-
 fs/io-wq.c                                    |  22 ++-
 fs/io-wq.h                                    |   2 +-
 fs/io_uring.c                                 |   2 +-
 fs/proc/array.c                               |   2 +-
 include/linux/cred.h                          |   4 +
 include/linux/hugetlb.h                       |   4 +-
 include/linux/mm.h                            |   4 +-
 include/linux/sched/user.h                    |   7 -
 include/linux/shmem_fs.h                      |   2 +-
 include/linux/signal_types.h                  |   4 +-
 include/linux/user_namespace.h                |  24 ++-
 ipc/mqueue.c                                  |  29 ++--
 ipc/shm.c                                     |  30 ++--
 kernel/cred.c                                 |  50 +++++-
 kernel/exit.c                                 |   2 +-
 kernel/fork.c                                 |  18 +-
 kernel/signal.c                               |  53 +++---
 kernel/sys.c                                  |  14 +-
 kernel/ucount.c                               | 120 +++++++++++--
 kernel/user.c                                 |   3 -
 kernel/user_namespace.c                       |   9 +-
 mm/memfd.c                                    |   5 +-
 mm/mlock.c                                    |  35 ++--
 mm/mmap.c                                     |   4 +-
 mm/shmem.c                                    |   8 +-
 tools/testing/selftests/Makefile              |   1 +
 tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/.gitignore    |   2 +
 tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/Makefile      |   6 +
 tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/config        |   1 +
 .../selftests/rlimits/rlimits-per-userns.c    | 161 ++++++++++++++++++
 32 files changed, 495 insertions(+), 155 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/.gitignore
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/Makefile
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/config
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/rlimits-per-userns.c

-- 
2.29.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v6 1/7] Increase size of ucounts to atomic_long_t
  2021-02-15 12:41 [PATCH v6 0/7] Count rlimits in each user namespace Alexey Gladkov
@ 2021-02-15 12:41 ` Alexey Gladkov
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 2/7] Add a reference to ucounts for each cred Alexey Gladkov
                   ` (6 subsequent siblings)
  7 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Gladkov @ 2021-02-15 12:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: LKML, io-uring, Kernel Hardening, Linux Containers, linux-mm
  Cc: Alexey Gladkov, Andrew Morton, Christian Brauner,
	Eric W . Biederman, Jann Horn, Jens Axboe, Kees Cook,
	Linus Torvalds, Oleg Nesterov

RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE and RLIMIT_MEMLOCK use unsigned long to store their
counters. As a preparation for moving rlimits based on ucounts, we need
to increase the size of the variable to long.

Signed-off-by: Alexey Gladkov <gladkov.alexey@gmail.com>
---
 include/linux/user_namespace.h |  4 ++--
 kernel/ucount.c                | 16 ++++++++--------
 2 files changed, 10 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/user_namespace.h b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
index 64cf8ebdc4ec..0bb833fd41f4 100644
--- a/include/linux/user_namespace.h
+++ b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
@@ -85,7 +85,7 @@ struct user_namespace {
 	struct ctl_table_header *sysctls;
 #endif
 	struct ucounts		*ucounts;
-	int ucount_max[UCOUNT_COUNTS];
+	long ucount_max[UCOUNT_COUNTS];
 } __randomize_layout;
 
 struct ucounts {
@@ -93,7 +93,7 @@ struct ucounts {
 	struct user_namespace *ns;
 	kuid_t uid;
 	int count;
-	atomic_t ucount[UCOUNT_COUNTS];
+	atomic_long_t ucount[UCOUNT_COUNTS];
 };
 
 extern struct user_namespace init_user_ns;
diff --git a/kernel/ucount.c b/kernel/ucount.c
index 11b1596e2542..04c561751af1 100644
--- a/kernel/ucount.c
+++ b/kernel/ucount.c
@@ -175,14 +175,14 @@ static void put_ucounts(struct ucounts *ucounts)
 	kfree(ucounts);
 }
 
-static inline bool atomic_inc_below(atomic_t *v, int u)
+static inline bool atomic_long_inc_below(atomic_long_t *v, int u)
 {
-	int c, old;
-	c = atomic_read(v);
+	long c, old;
+	c = atomic_long_read(v);
 	for (;;) {
 		if (unlikely(c >= u))
 			return false;
-		old = atomic_cmpxchg(v, c, c+1);
+		old = atomic_long_cmpxchg(v, c, c+1);
 		if (likely(old == c))
 			return true;
 		c = old;
@@ -196,17 +196,17 @@ struct ucounts *inc_ucount(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid,
 	struct user_namespace *tns;
 	ucounts = get_ucounts(ns, uid);
 	for (iter = ucounts; iter; iter = tns->ucounts) {
-		int max;
+		long max;
 		tns = iter->ns;
 		max = READ_ONCE(tns->ucount_max[type]);
-		if (!atomic_inc_below(&iter->ucount[type], max))
+		if (!atomic_long_inc_below(&iter->ucount[type], max))
 			goto fail;
 	}
 	return ucounts;
 fail:
 	bad = iter;
 	for (iter = ucounts; iter != bad; iter = iter->ns->ucounts)
-		atomic_dec(&iter->ucount[type]);
+		atomic_long_dec(&iter->ucount[type]);
 
 	put_ucounts(ucounts);
 	return NULL;
@@ -216,7 +216,7 @@ void dec_ucount(struct ucounts *ucounts, enum ucount_type type)
 {
 	struct ucounts *iter;
 	for (iter = ucounts; iter; iter = iter->ns->ucounts) {
-		int dec = atomic_dec_if_positive(&iter->ucount[type]);
+		long dec = atomic_long_dec_if_positive(&iter->ucount[type]);
 		WARN_ON_ONCE(dec < 0);
 	}
 	put_ucounts(ucounts);
-- 
2.29.2


^ permalink raw reply related	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v6 2/7] Add a reference to ucounts for each cred
  2021-02-15 12:41 [PATCH v6 0/7] Count rlimits in each user namespace Alexey Gladkov
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 1/7] Increase size of ucounts to atomic_long_t Alexey Gladkov
@ 2021-02-15 12:41 ` Alexey Gladkov
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 3/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_NPROC on top of ucounts Alexey Gladkov
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  7 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Gladkov @ 2021-02-15 12:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: LKML, io-uring, Kernel Hardening, Linux Containers, linux-mm
  Cc: Alexey Gladkov, Andrew Morton, Christian Brauner,
	Eric W . Biederman, Jann Horn, Jens Axboe, Kees Cook,
	Linus Torvalds, Oleg Nesterov, kernel test robot

For RLIMIT_NPROC and some other rlimits the user_struct that holds the
global limit is kept alive for the lifetime of a process by keeping it
in struct cred. Adding a pointer to ucounts in the struct cred will
allow to track RLIMIT_NPROC not only for user in the system, but for
user in the user_namespace.

Updating ucounts may require memory allocation which may fail. So, we
cannot change cred.ucounts in the commit_creds() because this function
cannot fail and it should always return 0. For this reason, we modify
cred.ucounts before calling the commit_creds().

Changelog

v6:
* Fix null-ptr-deref in is_ucounts_overlimit() detected by trinity. This
  error was caused by the fact that cred_alloc_blank() left the ucounts
  pointer empty.

Reported-by: kernel test robot <oliver.sang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexey Gladkov <gladkov.alexey@gmail.com>
---
 fs/exec.c                      |  4 ++++
 include/linux/cred.h           |  2 ++
 include/linux/user_namespace.h |  4 ++++
 kernel/cred.c                  | 40 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 kernel/fork.c                  |  6 +++++
 kernel/sys.c                   | 12 ++++++++++
 kernel/ucount.c                | 40 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 kernel/user_namespace.c        |  3 +++
 8 files changed, 108 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/exec.c b/fs/exec.c
index 5d4d52039105..0371a3400be5 100644
--- a/fs/exec.c
+++ b/fs/exec.c
@@ -1360,6 +1360,10 @@ int begin_new_exec(struct linux_binprm * bprm)
 	WRITE_ONCE(me->self_exec_id, me->self_exec_id + 1);
 	flush_signal_handlers(me, 0);
 
+	retval = set_cred_ucounts(bprm->cred);
+	if (retval < 0)
+		goto out_unlock;
+
 	/*
 	 * install the new credentials for this executable
 	 */
diff --git a/include/linux/cred.h b/include/linux/cred.h
index 18639c069263..ad160e5fe5c6 100644
--- a/include/linux/cred.h
+++ b/include/linux/cred.h
@@ -144,6 +144,7 @@ struct cred {
 #endif
 	struct user_struct *user;	/* real user ID subscription */
 	struct user_namespace *user_ns; /* user_ns the caps and keyrings are relative to. */
+	struct ucounts *ucounts;
 	struct group_info *group_info;	/* supplementary groups for euid/fsgid */
 	/* RCU deletion */
 	union {
@@ -170,6 +171,7 @@ extern int set_security_override_from_ctx(struct cred *, const char *);
 extern int set_create_files_as(struct cred *, struct inode *);
 extern int cred_fscmp(const struct cred *, const struct cred *);
 extern void __init cred_init(void);
+extern int set_cred_ucounts(struct cred *);
 
 /*
  * check for validity of credentials
diff --git a/include/linux/user_namespace.h b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
index 0bb833fd41f4..f71b5a4a3e74 100644
--- a/include/linux/user_namespace.h
+++ b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
@@ -97,11 +97,15 @@ struct ucounts {
 };
 
 extern struct user_namespace init_user_ns;
+extern struct ucounts init_ucounts;
 
 bool setup_userns_sysctls(struct user_namespace *ns);
 void retire_userns_sysctls(struct user_namespace *ns);
 struct ucounts *inc_ucount(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid, enum ucount_type type);
 void dec_ucount(struct ucounts *ucounts, enum ucount_type type);
+struct ucounts *alloc_ucounts(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid);
+struct ucounts *get_ucounts(struct ucounts *ucounts);
+void put_ucounts(struct ucounts *ucounts);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS
 
diff --git a/kernel/cred.c b/kernel/cred.c
index 421b1149c651..58a8a9e24347 100644
--- a/kernel/cred.c
+++ b/kernel/cred.c
@@ -60,6 +60,7 @@ struct cred init_cred = {
 	.user			= INIT_USER,
 	.user_ns		= &init_user_ns,
 	.group_info		= &init_groups,
+	.ucounts		= &init_ucounts,
 };
 
 static inline void set_cred_subscribers(struct cred *cred, int n)
@@ -119,6 +120,8 @@ static void put_cred_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu)
 	if (cred->group_info)
 		put_group_info(cred->group_info);
 	free_uid(cred->user);
+	if (cred->ucounts)
+		put_ucounts(cred->ucounts);
 	put_user_ns(cred->user_ns);
 	kmem_cache_free(cred_jar, cred);
 }
@@ -222,6 +225,7 @@ struct cred *cred_alloc_blank(void)
 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_CREDENTIALS
 	new->magic = CRED_MAGIC;
 #endif
+	new->ucounts = get_ucounts(&init_ucounts);
 
 	if (security_cred_alloc_blank(new, GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT) < 0)
 		goto error;
@@ -284,6 +288,11 @@ struct cred *prepare_creds(void)
 
 	if (security_prepare_creds(new, old, GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT) < 0)
 		goto error;
+
+	new->ucounts = get_ucounts(new->ucounts);
+	if (!new->ucounts)
+		goto error;
+
 	validate_creds(new);
 	return new;
 
@@ -363,6 +372,8 @@ int copy_creds(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long clone_flags)
 		ret = create_user_ns(new);
 		if (ret < 0)
 			goto error_put;
+		if (set_cred_ucounts(new) < 0)
+			goto error_put;
 	}
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS
@@ -653,6 +664,31 @@ int cred_fscmp(const struct cred *a, const struct cred *b)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(cred_fscmp);
 
+int set_cred_ucounts(struct cred *new)
+{
+	struct task_struct *task = current;
+	const struct cred *old = task->real_cred;
+	struct ucounts *old_ucounts = new->ucounts;
+
+	if (new->user == old->user && new->user_ns == old->user_ns)
+		return 0;
+
+	/*
+	 * This optimization is needed because alloc_ucounts() uses locks
+	 * for table lookups.
+	 */
+	if (old_ucounts && old_ucounts->ns == new->user_ns && uid_eq(old_ucounts->uid, new->euid))
+		return 0;
+
+	if (!(new->ucounts = alloc_ucounts(new->user_ns, new->euid)))
+		return -EAGAIN;
+
+	if (old_ucounts)
+		put_ucounts(old_ucounts);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
 /*
  * initialise the credentials stuff
  */
@@ -719,6 +755,10 @@ struct cred *prepare_kernel_cred(struct task_struct *daemon)
 	if (security_prepare_creds(new, old, GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT) < 0)
 		goto error;
 
+	new->ucounts = get_ucounts(new->ucounts);
+	if (!new->ucounts)
+		goto error;
+
 	put_cred(old);
 	validate_creds(new);
 	return new;
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index d66cd1014211..40a5da7d3d70 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -2957,6 +2957,12 @@ int ksys_unshare(unsigned long unshare_flags)
 	if (err)
 		goto bad_unshare_cleanup_cred;
 
+	if (new_cred) {
+		err = set_cred_ucounts(new_cred);
+		if (err)
+			goto bad_unshare_cleanup_cred;
+	}
+
 	if (new_fs || new_fd || do_sysvsem || new_cred || new_nsproxy) {
 		if (do_sysvsem) {
 			/*
diff --git a/kernel/sys.c b/kernel/sys.c
index 51f00fe20e4d..373def7debe8 100644
--- a/kernel/sys.c
+++ b/kernel/sys.c
@@ -553,6 +553,10 @@ long __sys_setreuid(uid_t ruid, uid_t euid)
 	if (retval < 0)
 		goto error;
 
+	retval = set_cred_ucounts(new);
+	if (retval < 0)
+		goto error;
+
 	return commit_creds(new);
 
 error:
@@ -611,6 +615,10 @@ long __sys_setuid(uid_t uid)
 	if (retval < 0)
 		goto error;
 
+	retval = set_cred_ucounts(new);
+	if (retval < 0)
+		goto error;
+
 	return commit_creds(new);
 
 error:
@@ -686,6 +694,10 @@ long __sys_setresuid(uid_t ruid, uid_t euid, uid_t suid)
 	if (retval < 0)
 		goto error;
 
+	retval = set_cred_ucounts(new);
+	if (retval < 0)
+		goto error;
+
 	return commit_creds(new);
 
 error:
diff --git a/kernel/ucount.c b/kernel/ucount.c
index 04c561751af1..50cc1dfb7d28 100644
--- a/kernel/ucount.c
+++ b/kernel/ucount.c
@@ -8,6 +8,12 @@
 #include <linux/kmemleak.h>
 #include <linux/user_namespace.h>
 
+struct ucounts init_ucounts = {
+	.ns    = &init_user_ns,
+	.uid   = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID,
+	.count = 1,
+};
+
 #define UCOUNTS_HASHTABLE_BITS 10
 static struct hlist_head ucounts_hashtable[(1 << UCOUNTS_HASHTABLE_BITS)];
 static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(ucounts_lock);
@@ -125,7 +131,15 @@ static struct ucounts *find_ucounts(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid, struc
 	return NULL;
 }
 
-static struct ucounts *get_ucounts(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid)
+static void hlist_add_ucounts(struct ucounts *ucounts)
+{
+	struct hlist_head *hashent = ucounts_hashentry(ucounts->ns, ucounts->uid);
+	spin_lock_irq(&ucounts_lock);
+	hlist_add_head(&ucounts->node, hashent);
+	spin_unlock_irq(&ucounts_lock);
+}
+
+struct ucounts *alloc_ucounts(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid)
 {
 	struct hlist_head *hashent = ucounts_hashentry(ns, uid);
 	struct ucounts *ucounts, *new;
@@ -160,7 +174,26 @@ static struct ucounts *get_ucounts(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid)
 	return ucounts;
 }
 
-static void put_ucounts(struct ucounts *ucounts)
+struct ucounts *get_ucounts(struct ucounts *ucounts)
+{
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	if (!ucounts)
+		return NULL;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&ucounts_lock, flags);
+	if (ucounts->count == INT_MAX) {
+		WARN_ONCE(1, "ucounts: counter has reached its maximum value");
+		ucounts = NULL;
+	} else {
+		ucounts->count += 1;
+	}
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ucounts_lock, flags);
+
+	return ucounts;
+}
+
+void put_ucounts(struct ucounts *ucounts)
 {
 	unsigned long flags;
 
@@ -194,7 +227,7 @@ struct ucounts *inc_ucount(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid,
 {
 	struct ucounts *ucounts, *iter, *bad;
 	struct user_namespace *tns;
-	ucounts = get_ucounts(ns, uid);
+	ucounts = alloc_ucounts(ns, uid);
 	for (iter = ucounts; iter; iter = tns->ucounts) {
 		long max;
 		tns = iter->ns;
@@ -237,6 +270,7 @@ static __init int user_namespace_sysctl_init(void)
 	BUG_ON(!user_header);
 	BUG_ON(!setup_userns_sysctls(&init_user_ns));
 #endif
+	hlist_add_ucounts(&init_ucounts);
 	return 0;
 }
 subsys_initcall(user_namespace_sysctl_init);
diff --git a/kernel/user_namespace.c b/kernel/user_namespace.c
index af612945a4d0..516db53166ab 100644
--- a/kernel/user_namespace.c
+++ b/kernel/user_namespace.c
@@ -1281,6 +1281,9 @@ static int userns_install(struct nsset *nsset, struct ns_common *ns)
 	put_user_ns(cred->user_ns);
 	set_cred_user_ns(cred, get_user_ns(user_ns));
 
+	if (set_cred_ucounts(cred) < 0)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
-- 
2.29.2


^ permalink raw reply related	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v6 3/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_NPROC on top of ucounts
  2021-02-15 12:41 [PATCH v6 0/7] Count rlimits in each user namespace Alexey Gladkov
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 1/7] Increase size of ucounts to atomic_long_t Alexey Gladkov
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 2/7] Add a reference to ucounts for each cred Alexey Gladkov
@ 2021-02-15 12:41 ` Alexey Gladkov
  2021-02-21 23:38   ` Jens Axboe
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 4/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE " Alexey Gladkov
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  7 siblings, 1 reply; 18+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Gladkov @ 2021-02-15 12:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: LKML, io-uring, Kernel Hardening, Linux Containers, linux-mm
  Cc: Alexey Gladkov, Andrew Morton, Christian Brauner,
	Eric W . Biederman, Jann Horn, Jens Axboe, Kees Cook,
	Linus Torvalds, Oleg Nesterov

The rlimit counter is tied to uid in the user_namespace. This allows
rlimit values to be specified in userns even if they are already
globally exceeded by the user. However, the value of the previous
user_namespaces cannot be exceeded.

To illustrate the impact of rlimits, let's say there is a program that
does not fork. Some service-A wants to run this program as user X in
multiple containers. Since the program never fork the service wants to
set RLIMIT_NPROC=1.

service-A
 \- program (uid=1000, container1, rlimit_nproc=1)
 \- program (uid=1000, container2, rlimit_nproc=1)

The service-A sets RLIMIT_NPROC=1 and runs the program in container1.
When the service-A tries to run a program with RLIMIT_NPROC=1 in
container2 it fails since user X already has one running process.

We cannot use existing inc_ucounts / dec_ucounts because they do not
allow us to exceed the maximum for the counter. Some rlimits can be
overlimited by root or if the user has the appropriate capability.

Signed-off-by: Alexey Gladkov <gladkov.alexey@gmail.com>
---
 fs/exec.c                      |  2 +-
 fs/io-wq.c                     | 22 ++++++------
 fs/io-wq.h                     |  2 +-
 fs/io_uring.c                  |  2 +-
 include/linux/cred.h           |  2 ++
 include/linux/sched/user.h     |  1 -
 include/linux/user_namespace.h | 13 ++++++++
 kernel/cred.c                  | 10 +++---
 kernel/exit.c                  |  2 +-
 kernel/fork.c                  |  9 ++---
 kernel/sys.c                   |  2 +-
 kernel/ucount.c                | 61 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 kernel/user.c                  |  1 -
 kernel/user_namespace.c        |  3 +-
 14 files changed, 103 insertions(+), 29 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/exec.c b/fs/exec.c
index 0371a3400be5..e6d7f186f33c 100644
--- a/fs/exec.c
+++ b/fs/exec.c
@@ -1874,7 +1874,7 @@ static int do_execveat_common(int fd, struct filename *filename,
 	 * whether NPROC limit is still exceeded.
 	 */
 	if ((current->flags & PF_NPROC_EXCEEDED) &&
-	    atomic_read(&current_user()->processes) > rlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC)) {
+	    is_ucounts_overlimit(current_ucounts(), UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC, rlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC))) {
 		retval = -EAGAIN;
 		goto out_ret;
 	}
diff --git a/fs/io-wq.c b/fs/io-wq.c
index a564f36e260c..5b6940c90c61 100644
--- a/fs/io-wq.c
+++ b/fs/io-wq.c
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
 #include <linux/blk-cgroup.h>
 #include <linux/audit.h>
 #include <linux/cpu.h>
+#include <linux/user_namespace.h>
 
 #include "../kernel/sched/sched.h"
 #include "io-wq.h"
@@ -120,7 +121,7 @@ struct io_wq {
 	io_wq_work_fn *do_work;
 
 	struct task_struct *manager;
-	struct user_struct *user;
+	const struct cred *cred;
 	refcount_t refs;
 	struct completion done;
 
@@ -234,7 +235,7 @@ static void io_worker_exit(struct io_worker *worker)
 	if (worker->flags & IO_WORKER_F_RUNNING)
 		atomic_dec(&acct->nr_running);
 	if (!(worker->flags & IO_WORKER_F_BOUND))
-		atomic_dec(&wqe->wq->user->processes);
+		dec_rlimit_ucounts(wqe->wq->cred->ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC, 1);
 	worker->flags = 0;
 	preempt_enable();
 
@@ -364,15 +365,15 @@ static void __io_worker_busy(struct io_wqe *wqe, struct io_worker *worker,
 			worker->flags |= IO_WORKER_F_BOUND;
 			wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_UNBOUND].nr_workers--;
 			wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_BOUND].nr_workers++;
-			atomic_dec(&wqe->wq->user->processes);
+			dec_rlimit_ucounts(wqe->wq->cred->ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC, 1);
 		} else {
 			worker->flags &= ~IO_WORKER_F_BOUND;
 			wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_UNBOUND].nr_workers++;
 			wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_BOUND].nr_workers--;
-			atomic_inc(&wqe->wq->user->processes);
+			inc_rlimit_ucounts(wqe->wq->cred->ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC, 1);
 		}
 		io_wqe_inc_running(wqe, worker);
-	 }
+	}
 }
 
 /*
@@ -707,7 +708,7 @@ static bool create_io_worker(struct io_wq *wq, struct io_wqe *wqe, int index)
 	raw_spin_unlock_irq(&wqe->lock);
 
 	if (index == IO_WQ_ACCT_UNBOUND)
-		atomic_inc(&wq->user->processes);
+		inc_rlimit_ucounts(wq->cred->ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC, 1);
 
 	refcount_inc(&wq->refs);
 	wake_up_process(worker->task);
@@ -838,7 +839,7 @@ static bool io_wq_can_queue(struct io_wqe *wqe, struct io_wqe_acct *acct,
 	if (free_worker)
 		return true;
 
-	if (atomic_read(&wqe->wq->user->processes) >= acct->max_workers &&
+	if (is_ucounts_overlimit(wqe->wq->cred->ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC, acct->max_workers) &&
 	    !(capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE) || capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)))
 		return false;
 
@@ -1074,7 +1075,7 @@ struct io_wq *io_wq_create(unsigned bounded, struct io_wq_data *data)
 	wq->do_work = data->do_work;
 
 	/* caller must already hold a reference to this */
-	wq->user = data->user;
+	wq->cred = data->cred;
 
 	ret = -ENOMEM;
 	for_each_node(node) {
@@ -1090,10 +1091,7 @@ struct io_wq *io_wq_create(unsigned bounded, struct io_wq_data *data)
 		wqe->node = alloc_node;
 		wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_BOUND].max_workers = bounded;
 		atomic_set(&wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_BOUND].nr_running, 0);
-		if (wq->user) {
-			wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_UNBOUND].max_workers =
-					task_rlimit(current, RLIMIT_NPROC);
-		}
+		wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_UNBOUND].max_workers = task_rlimit(current, RLIMIT_NPROC);
 		atomic_set(&wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_UNBOUND].nr_running, 0);
 		wqe->wq = wq;
 		raw_spin_lock_init(&wqe->lock);
diff --git a/fs/io-wq.h b/fs/io-wq.h
index b158f8addcf3..4130e247c556 100644
--- a/fs/io-wq.h
+++ b/fs/io-wq.h
@@ -111,7 +111,7 @@ typedef void (free_work_fn)(struct io_wq_work *);
 typedef struct io_wq_work *(io_wq_work_fn)(struct io_wq_work *);
 
 struct io_wq_data {
-	struct user_struct *user;
+	const struct cred *cred;
 
 	io_wq_work_fn *do_work;
 	free_work_fn *free_work;
diff --git a/fs/io_uring.c b/fs/io_uring.c
index 931671082e61..389998f39843 100644
--- a/fs/io_uring.c
+++ b/fs/io_uring.c
@@ -8084,7 +8084,7 @@ static int io_init_wq_offload(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx,
 	unsigned int concurrency;
 	int ret = 0;
 
-	data.user = ctx->user;
+	data.cred = ctx->creds;
 	data.free_work = io_free_work;
 	data.do_work = io_wq_submit_work;
 
diff --git a/include/linux/cred.h b/include/linux/cred.h
index ad160e5fe5c6..8025fe48198f 100644
--- a/include/linux/cred.h
+++ b/include/linux/cred.h
@@ -372,6 +372,7 @@ static inline void put_cred(const struct cred *_cred)
 
 #define task_uid(task)		(task_cred_xxx((task), uid))
 #define task_euid(task)		(task_cred_xxx((task), euid))
+#define task_ucounts(task)	(task_cred_xxx((task), ucounts))
 
 #define current_cred_xxx(xxx)			\
 ({						\
@@ -388,6 +389,7 @@ static inline void put_cred(const struct cred *_cred)
 #define current_fsgid() 	(current_cred_xxx(fsgid))
 #define current_cap()		(current_cred_xxx(cap_effective))
 #define current_user()		(current_cred_xxx(user))
+#define current_ucounts()	(current_cred_xxx(ucounts))
 
 extern struct user_namespace init_user_ns;
 #ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS
diff --git a/include/linux/sched/user.h b/include/linux/sched/user.h
index a8ec3b6093fc..d33d867ad6c1 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/user.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/user.h
@@ -12,7 +12,6 @@
  */
 struct user_struct {
 	refcount_t __count;	/* reference count */
-	atomic_t processes;	/* How many processes does this user have? */
 	atomic_t sigpending;	/* How many pending signals does this user have? */
 #ifdef CONFIG_FANOTIFY
 	atomic_t fanotify_listeners;
diff --git a/include/linux/user_namespace.h b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
index f71b5a4a3e74..0a27cd049404 100644
--- a/include/linux/user_namespace.h
+++ b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
@@ -50,9 +50,12 @@ enum ucount_type {
 	UCOUNT_INOTIFY_INSTANCES,
 	UCOUNT_INOTIFY_WATCHES,
 #endif
+	UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC,
 	UCOUNT_COUNTS,
 };
 
+#define MAX_PER_NAMESPACE_UCOUNTS UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC
+
 struct user_namespace {
 	struct uid_gid_map	uid_map;
 	struct uid_gid_map	gid_map;
@@ -107,6 +110,16 @@ struct ucounts *alloc_ucounts(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid);
 struct ucounts *get_ucounts(struct ucounts *ucounts);
 void put_ucounts(struct ucounts *ucounts);
 
+static inline long get_ucounts_value(struct ucounts *ucounts, enum ucount_type type)
+{
+	return atomic_long_read(&ucounts->ucount[type]);
+}
+
+bool inc_rlimit_ucounts(struct ucounts *ucounts, enum ucount_type type, long v);
+bool inc_rlimit_ucounts_and_test(struct ucounts *ucounts, enum ucount_type type, long v, long max);
+void dec_rlimit_ucounts(struct ucounts *ucounts, enum ucount_type type, long v);
+bool is_ucounts_overlimit(struct ucounts *ucounts, enum ucount_type type, long max);
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS
 
 static inline struct user_namespace *get_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns)
diff --git a/kernel/cred.c b/kernel/cred.c
index 58a8a9e24347..dcfa30b337c5 100644
--- a/kernel/cred.c
+++ b/kernel/cred.c
@@ -360,7 +360,7 @@ int copy_creds(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long clone_flags)
 		kdebug("share_creds(%p{%d,%d})",
 		       p->cred, atomic_read(&p->cred->usage),
 		       read_cred_subscribers(p->cred));
-		atomic_inc(&p->cred->user->processes);
+		inc_rlimit_ucounts(task_ucounts(p), UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC, 1);
 		return 0;
 	}
 
@@ -395,8 +395,8 @@ int copy_creds(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long clone_flags)
 	}
 #endif
 
-	atomic_inc(&new->user->processes);
 	p->cred = p->real_cred = get_cred(new);
+	inc_rlimit_ucounts(task_ucounts(p), UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC, 1);
 	alter_cred_subscribers(new, 2);
 	validate_creds(new);
 	return 0;
@@ -496,12 +496,12 @@ int commit_creds(struct cred *new)
 	 * in set_user().
 	 */
 	alter_cred_subscribers(new, 2);
-	if (new->user != old->user)
-		atomic_inc(&new->user->processes);
+	if (new->user != old->user || new->user_ns != old->user_ns)
+		inc_rlimit_ucounts(new->ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC, 1);
 	rcu_assign_pointer(task->real_cred, new);
 	rcu_assign_pointer(task->cred, new);
 	if (new->user != old->user)
-		atomic_dec(&old->user->processes);
+		dec_rlimit_ucounts(old->ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC, 1);
 	alter_cred_subscribers(old, -2);
 
 	/* send notifications */
diff --git a/kernel/exit.c b/kernel/exit.c
index 04029e35e69a..61c0fe902b50 100644
--- a/kernel/exit.c
+++ b/kernel/exit.c
@@ -188,7 +188,7 @@ void release_task(struct task_struct *p)
 	/* don't need to get the RCU readlock here - the process is dead and
 	 * can't be modifying its own credentials. But shut RCU-lockdep up */
 	rcu_read_lock();
-	atomic_dec(&__task_cred(p)->user->processes);
+	dec_rlimit_ucounts(task_ucounts(p), UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC, 1);
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 
 	cgroup_release(p);
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 40a5da7d3d70..812b023ecdce 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -819,9 +819,11 @@ void __init fork_init(void)
 	init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_SIGPENDING] =
 		init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC];
 
-	for (i = 0; i < UCOUNT_COUNTS; i++)
+	for (i = 0; i < MAX_PER_NAMESPACE_UCOUNTS; i++)
 		init_user_ns.ucount_max[i] = max_threads/2;
 
+	init_user_ns.ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC] = task_rlimit(&init_task, RLIMIT_NPROC);
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
 	cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_BP_PREPARE_DYN, "fork:vm_stack_cache",
 			  NULL, free_vm_stack_cache);
@@ -1962,8 +1964,7 @@ static __latent_entropy struct task_struct *copy_process(
 	DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!p->softirqs_enabled);
 #endif
 	retval = -EAGAIN;
-	if (atomic_read(&p->real_cred->user->processes) >=
-			task_rlimit(p, RLIMIT_NPROC)) {
+	if (is_ucounts_overlimit(task_ucounts(p), UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC, rlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC))) {
 		if (p->real_cred->user != INIT_USER &&
 		    !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE) && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
 			goto bad_fork_free;
@@ -2366,7 +2367,7 @@ static __latent_entropy struct task_struct *copy_process(
 #endif
 	delayacct_tsk_free(p);
 bad_fork_cleanup_count:
-	atomic_dec(&p->cred->user->processes);
+	dec_rlimit_ucounts(task_ucounts(p), UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC, 1);
 	exit_creds(p);
 bad_fork_free:
 	p->state = TASK_DEAD;
diff --git a/kernel/sys.c b/kernel/sys.c
index 373def7debe8..304b6b5e5942 100644
--- a/kernel/sys.c
+++ b/kernel/sys.c
@@ -474,7 +474,7 @@ static int set_user(struct cred *new)
 	 * for programs doing set*uid()+execve() by harmlessly deferring the
 	 * failure to the execve() stage.
 	 */
-	if (atomic_read(&new_user->processes) >= rlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC) &&
+	if (is_ucounts_overlimit(new->ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC, rlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC)) &&
 			new_user != INIT_USER)
 		current->flags |= PF_NPROC_EXCEEDED;
 	else
diff --git a/kernel/ucount.c b/kernel/ucount.c
index 50cc1dfb7d28..2f42d2ee6e27 100644
--- a/kernel/ucount.c
+++ b/kernel/ucount.c
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
 #include <linux/hash.h>
 #include <linux/kmemleak.h>
 #include <linux/user_namespace.h>
+#include <linux/security.h>
 
 struct ucounts init_ucounts = {
 	.ns    = &init_user_ns,
@@ -80,6 +81,7 @@ static struct ctl_table user_table[] = {
 	UCOUNT_ENTRY("max_inotify_instances"),
 	UCOUNT_ENTRY("max_inotify_watches"),
 #endif
+	{ },
 	{ }
 };
 #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */
@@ -222,6 +224,19 @@ static inline bool atomic_long_inc_below(atomic_long_t *v, int u)
 	}
 }
 
+static inline long atomic_long_dec_value(atomic_long_t *v, long n)
+{
+	long c, old;
+	c = atomic_long_read(v);
+	for (;;) {
+		old = atomic_long_cmpxchg(v, c, c - n);
+		if (likely(old == c))
+			return c;
+		c = old;
+	}
+	return c;
+}
+
 struct ucounts *inc_ucount(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid,
 			   enum ucount_type type)
 {
@@ -255,6 +270,51 @@ void dec_ucount(struct ucounts *ucounts, enum ucount_type type)
 	put_ucounts(ucounts);
 }
 
+bool inc_rlimit_ucounts(struct ucounts *ucounts, enum ucount_type type, long v)
+{
+	struct ucounts *iter;
+	bool overlimit = false;
+
+	for (iter = ucounts; iter; iter = iter->ns->ucounts) {
+		long max = READ_ONCE(iter->ns->ucount_max[type]);
+		if (atomic_long_add_return(v, &iter->ucount[type]) > max)
+			overlimit = true;
+	}
+
+	return overlimit;
+}
+
+bool inc_rlimit_ucounts_and_test(struct ucounts *ucounts, enum ucount_type type,
+		long v, long max)
+{
+	bool overlimit = inc_rlimit_ucounts(ucounts, type, v);
+	if (!overlimit && get_ucounts_value(ucounts, type) > max)
+		overlimit = true;
+	return overlimit;
+}
+
+void dec_rlimit_ucounts(struct ucounts *ucounts, enum ucount_type type, long v)
+{
+	struct ucounts *iter;
+	for (iter = ucounts; iter; iter = iter->ns->ucounts) {
+		long dec = atomic_long_dec_value(&iter->ucount[type], v);
+		WARN_ON_ONCE(dec < 0);
+	}
+}
+
+bool is_ucounts_overlimit(struct ucounts *ucounts, enum ucount_type type, long max)
+{
+	struct ucounts *iter;
+	if (get_ucounts_value(ucounts, type) > max)
+		return true;
+	for (iter = ucounts; iter; iter = iter->ns->ucounts) {
+		max = READ_ONCE(iter->ns->ucount_max[type]);
+		if (get_ucounts_value(iter, type) > max)
+			return true;
+	}
+	return false;
+}
+
 static __init int user_namespace_sysctl_init(void)
 {
 #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL
@@ -271,6 +331,7 @@ static __init int user_namespace_sysctl_init(void)
 	BUG_ON(!setup_userns_sysctls(&init_user_ns));
 #endif
 	hlist_add_ucounts(&init_ucounts);
+	inc_rlimit_ucounts(&init_ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC, 1);
 	return 0;
 }
 subsys_initcall(user_namespace_sysctl_init);
diff --git a/kernel/user.c b/kernel/user.c
index a2478cddf536..7f5ff498207a 100644
--- a/kernel/user.c
+++ b/kernel/user.c
@@ -98,7 +98,6 @@ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(uidhash_lock);
 /* root_user.__count is 1, for init task cred */
 struct user_struct root_user = {
 	.__count	= REFCOUNT_INIT(1),
-	.processes	= ATOMIC_INIT(1),
 	.sigpending	= ATOMIC_INIT(0),
 	.locked_shm     = 0,
 	.uid		= GLOBAL_ROOT_UID,
diff --git a/kernel/user_namespace.c b/kernel/user_namespace.c
index 516db53166ab..2434b13b02e5 100644
--- a/kernel/user_namespace.c
+++ b/kernel/user_namespace.c
@@ -118,9 +118,10 @@ int create_user_ns(struct cred *new)
 	ns->owner = owner;
 	ns->group = group;
 	INIT_WORK(&ns->work, free_user_ns);
-	for (i = 0; i < UCOUNT_COUNTS; i++) {
+	for (i = 0; i < MAX_PER_NAMESPACE_UCOUNTS; i++) {
 		ns->ucount_max[i] = INT_MAX;
 	}
+	ns->ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC] = rlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC);
 	ns->ucounts = ucounts;
 
 	/* Inherit USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED from our parent */
-- 
2.29.2


^ permalink raw reply related	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v6 4/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE on top of ucounts
  2021-02-15 12:41 [PATCH v6 0/7] Count rlimits in each user namespace Alexey Gladkov
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 3/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_NPROC on top of ucounts Alexey Gladkov
@ 2021-02-15 12:41 ` Alexey Gladkov
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 5/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_SIGPENDING " Alexey Gladkov
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  7 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Gladkov @ 2021-02-15 12:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: LKML, io-uring, Kernel Hardening, Linux Containers, linux-mm
  Cc: Alexey Gladkov, Andrew Morton, Christian Brauner,
	Eric W . Biederman, Jann Horn, Jens Axboe, Kees Cook,
	Linus Torvalds, Oleg Nesterov

The rlimit counter is tied to uid in the user_namespace. This allows
rlimit values to be specified in userns even if they are already
globally exceeded by the user. However, the value of the previous
user_namespaces cannot be exceeded.

Signed-off-by: Alexey Gladkov <gladkov.alexey@gmail.com>
---
 include/linux/sched/user.h     |  4 ----
 include/linux/user_namespace.h |  1 +
 ipc/mqueue.c                   | 29 +++++++++++++++--------------
 kernel/fork.c                  |  1 +
 kernel/ucount.c                |  1 +
 kernel/user_namespace.c        |  1 +
 6 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/sched/user.h b/include/linux/sched/user.h
index d33d867ad6c1..8a34446681aa 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/user.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/user.h
@@ -18,10 +18,6 @@ struct user_struct {
 #endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL
 	atomic_long_t epoll_watches; /* The number of file descriptors currently watched */
-#endif
-#ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_MQUEUE
-	/* protected by mq_lock	*/
-	unsigned long mq_bytes;	/* How many bytes can be allocated to mqueue? */
 #endif
 	unsigned long locked_shm; /* How many pages of mlocked shm ? */
 	unsigned long unix_inflight;	/* How many files in flight in unix sockets */
diff --git a/include/linux/user_namespace.h b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
index 0a27cd049404..52453143fe23 100644
--- a/include/linux/user_namespace.h
+++ b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
@@ -51,6 +51,7 @@ enum ucount_type {
 	UCOUNT_INOTIFY_WATCHES,
 #endif
 	UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC,
+	UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE,
 	UCOUNT_COUNTS,
 };
 
diff --git a/ipc/mqueue.c b/ipc/mqueue.c
index beff0cfcd1e8..05fcf067131f 100644
--- a/ipc/mqueue.c
+++ b/ipc/mqueue.c
@@ -144,7 +144,7 @@ struct mqueue_inode_info {
 	struct pid *notify_owner;
 	u32 notify_self_exec_id;
 	struct user_namespace *notify_user_ns;
-	struct user_struct *user;	/* user who created, for accounting */
+	struct ucounts *ucounts;	/* user who created, for accounting */
 	struct sock *notify_sock;
 	struct sk_buff *notify_cookie;
 
@@ -292,7 +292,6 @@ static struct inode *mqueue_get_inode(struct super_block *sb,
 		struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns, umode_t mode,
 		struct mq_attr *attr)
 {
-	struct user_struct *u = current_user();
 	struct inode *inode;
 	int ret = -ENOMEM;
 
@@ -309,6 +308,8 @@ static struct inode *mqueue_get_inode(struct super_block *sb,
 	if (S_ISREG(mode)) {
 		struct mqueue_inode_info *info;
 		unsigned long mq_bytes, mq_treesize;
+		struct ucounts *ucounts;
+		bool overlimit;
 
 		inode->i_fop = &mqueue_file_operations;
 		inode->i_size = FILENT_SIZE;
@@ -321,7 +322,7 @@ static struct inode *mqueue_get_inode(struct super_block *sb,
 		info->notify_owner = NULL;
 		info->notify_user_ns = NULL;
 		info->qsize = 0;
-		info->user = NULL;	/* set when all is ok */
+		info->ucounts = NULL;	/* set when all is ok */
 		info->msg_tree = RB_ROOT;
 		info->msg_tree_rightmost = NULL;
 		info->node_cache = NULL;
@@ -371,19 +372,19 @@ static struct inode *mqueue_get_inode(struct super_block *sb,
 		if (mq_bytes + mq_treesize < mq_bytes)
 			goto out_inode;
 		mq_bytes += mq_treesize;
+		ucounts = current_ucounts();
 		spin_lock(&mq_lock);
-		if (u->mq_bytes + mq_bytes < u->mq_bytes ||
-		    u->mq_bytes + mq_bytes > rlimit(RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE)) {
+		overlimit = inc_rlimit_ucounts_and_test(ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE,
+				mq_bytes, rlimit(RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE));
+		if (overlimit) {
+			dec_rlimit_ucounts(ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE, mq_bytes);
 			spin_unlock(&mq_lock);
 			/* mqueue_evict_inode() releases info->messages */
 			ret = -EMFILE;
 			goto out_inode;
 		}
-		u->mq_bytes += mq_bytes;
 		spin_unlock(&mq_lock);
-
-		/* all is ok */
-		info->user = get_uid(u);
+		info->ucounts = get_ucounts(ucounts);
 	} else if (S_ISDIR(mode)) {
 		inc_nlink(inode);
 		/* Some things misbehave if size == 0 on a directory */
@@ -497,7 +498,7 @@ static void mqueue_free_inode(struct inode *inode)
 static void mqueue_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
 {
 	struct mqueue_inode_info *info;
-	struct user_struct *user;
+	struct ucounts *ucounts;
 	struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns;
 	struct msg_msg *msg, *nmsg;
 	LIST_HEAD(tmp_msg);
@@ -520,8 +521,8 @@ static void mqueue_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
 		free_msg(msg);
 	}
 
-	user = info->user;
-	if (user) {
+	ucounts = info->ucounts;
+	if (ucounts) {
 		unsigned long mq_bytes, mq_treesize;
 
 		/* Total amount of bytes accounted for the mqueue */
@@ -533,7 +534,7 @@ static void mqueue_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
 					  info->attr.mq_msgsize);
 
 		spin_lock(&mq_lock);
-		user->mq_bytes -= mq_bytes;
+		dec_rlimit_ucounts(ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE, mq_bytes);
 		/*
 		 * get_ns_from_inode() ensures that the
 		 * (ipc_ns = sb->s_fs_info) is either a valid ipc_ns
@@ -543,7 +544,7 @@ static void mqueue_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
 		if (ipc_ns)
 			ipc_ns->mq_queues_count--;
 		spin_unlock(&mq_lock);
-		free_uid(user);
+		put_ucounts(ucounts);
 	}
 	if (ipc_ns)
 		put_ipc_ns(ipc_ns);
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 812b023ecdce..0a939332efcc 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -823,6 +823,7 @@ void __init fork_init(void)
 		init_user_ns.ucount_max[i] = max_threads/2;
 
 	init_user_ns.ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC] = task_rlimit(&init_task, RLIMIT_NPROC);
+	init_user_ns.ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE] = task_rlimit(&init_task, RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
 	cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_BP_PREPARE_DYN, "fork:vm_stack_cache",
diff --git a/kernel/ucount.c b/kernel/ucount.c
index 2f42d2ee6e27..6fb2ebdef0bc 100644
--- a/kernel/ucount.c
+++ b/kernel/ucount.c
@@ -81,6 +81,7 @@ static struct ctl_table user_table[] = {
 	UCOUNT_ENTRY("max_inotify_instances"),
 	UCOUNT_ENTRY("max_inotify_watches"),
 #endif
+	{ },
 	{ },
 	{ }
 };
diff --git a/kernel/user_namespace.c b/kernel/user_namespace.c
index 2434b13b02e5..cc90d5203acf 100644
--- a/kernel/user_namespace.c
+++ b/kernel/user_namespace.c
@@ -122,6 +122,7 @@ int create_user_ns(struct cred *new)
 		ns->ucount_max[i] = INT_MAX;
 	}
 	ns->ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC] = rlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC);
+	ns->ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE] = rlimit(RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE);
 	ns->ucounts = ucounts;
 
 	/* Inherit USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED from our parent */
-- 
2.29.2


^ permalink raw reply related	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v6 5/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_SIGPENDING on top of ucounts
  2021-02-15 12:41 [PATCH v6 0/7] Count rlimits in each user namespace Alexey Gladkov
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 4/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE " Alexey Gladkov
@ 2021-02-15 12:41 ` Alexey Gladkov
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 6/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_MEMLOCK " Alexey Gladkov
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  7 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Gladkov @ 2021-02-15 12:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: LKML, io-uring, Kernel Hardening, Linux Containers, linux-mm
  Cc: Alexey Gladkov, Andrew Morton, Christian Brauner,
	Eric W . Biederman, Jann Horn, Jens Axboe, Kees Cook,
	Linus Torvalds, Oleg Nesterov

The rlimit counter is tied to uid in the user_namespace. This allows
rlimit values to be specified in userns even if they are already
globally exceeded by the user. However, the value of the previous
user_namespaces cannot be exceeded.

Signed-off-by: Alexey Gladkov <gladkov.alexey@gmail.com>
---
 fs/proc/array.c                |  2 +-
 include/linux/sched/user.h     |  1 -
 include/linux/signal_types.h   |  4 ++-
 include/linux/user_namespace.h |  1 +
 kernel/fork.c                  |  1 +
 kernel/signal.c                | 53 ++++++++++++++--------------------
 kernel/ucount.c                |  1 +
 kernel/user.c                  |  1 -
 kernel/user_namespace.c        |  1 +
 9 files changed, 30 insertions(+), 35 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/proc/array.c b/fs/proc/array.c
index bb87e4d89cd8..74b0ea4b7e38 100644
--- a/fs/proc/array.c
+++ b/fs/proc/array.c
@@ -284,7 +284,7 @@ static inline void task_sig(struct seq_file *m, struct task_struct *p)
 		collect_sigign_sigcatch(p, &ignored, &caught);
 		num_threads = get_nr_threads(p);
 		rcu_read_lock();  /* FIXME: is this correct? */
-		qsize = atomic_read(&__task_cred(p)->user->sigpending);
+		qsize = get_ucounts_value(task_ucounts(p), UCOUNT_RLIMIT_SIGPENDING);
 		rcu_read_unlock();
 		qlim = task_rlimit(p, RLIMIT_SIGPENDING);
 		unlock_task_sighand(p, &flags);
diff --git a/include/linux/sched/user.h b/include/linux/sched/user.h
index 8a34446681aa..8ba9cec4fb99 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/user.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/user.h
@@ -12,7 +12,6 @@
  */
 struct user_struct {
 	refcount_t __count;	/* reference count */
-	atomic_t sigpending;	/* How many pending signals does this user have? */
 #ifdef CONFIG_FANOTIFY
 	atomic_t fanotify_listeners;
 #endif
diff --git a/include/linux/signal_types.h b/include/linux/signal_types.h
index 68e06c75c5b2..34cb28b8f16c 100644
--- a/include/linux/signal_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/signal_types.h
@@ -13,6 +13,8 @@ typedef struct kernel_siginfo {
 	__SIGINFO;
 } kernel_siginfo_t;
 
+struct ucounts;
+
 /*
  * Real Time signals may be queued.
  */
@@ -21,7 +23,7 @@ struct sigqueue {
 	struct list_head list;
 	int flags;
 	kernel_siginfo_t info;
-	struct user_struct *user;
+	struct ucounts *ucounts;
 };
 
 /* flags values. */
diff --git a/include/linux/user_namespace.h b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
index 52453143fe23..f84b68832c56 100644
--- a/include/linux/user_namespace.h
+++ b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
@@ -52,6 +52,7 @@ enum ucount_type {
 #endif
 	UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC,
 	UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE,
+	UCOUNT_RLIMIT_SIGPENDING,
 	UCOUNT_COUNTS,
 };
 
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 0a939332efcc..99b10b9fe4b6 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -824,6 +824,7 @@ void __init fork_init(void)
 
 	init_user_ns.ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC] = task_rlimit(&init_task, RLIMIT_NPROC);
 	init_user_ns.ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE] = task_rlimit(&init_task, RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE);
+	init_user_ns.ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_SIGPENDING] = task_rlimit(&init_task, RLIMIT_SIGPENDING);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
 	cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_BP_PREPARE_DYN, "fork:vm_stack_cache",
diff --git a/kernel/signal.c b/kernel/signal.c
index 5ad8566534e7..a37dd66f9358 100644
--- a/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/kernel/signal.c
@@ -412,49 +412,40 @@ void task_join_group_stop(struct task_struct *task)
 static struct sigqueue *
 __sigqueue_alloc(int sig, struct task_struct *t, gfp_t flags, int override_rlimit)
 {
-	struct sigqueue *q = NULL;
-	struct user_struct *user;
-	int sigpending;
+	struct sigqueue *q = kmem_cache_alloc(sigqueue_cachep, flags);
 
-	/*
-	 * Protect access to @t credentials. This can go away when all
-	 * callers hold rcu read lock.
-	 *
-	 * NOTE! A pending signal will hold on to the user refcount,
-	 * and we get/put the refcount only when the sigpending count
-	 * changes from/to zero.
-	 */
-	rcu_read_lock();
-	user = __task_cred(t)->user;
-	sigpending = atomic_inc_return(&user->sigpending);
-	if (sigpending == 1)
-		get_uid(user);
-	rcu_read_unlock();
+	if (likely(q != NULL)) {
+		bool overlimit;
 
-	if (override_rlimit || likely(sigpending <= task_rlimit(t, RLIMIT_SIGPENDING))) {
-		q = kmem_cache_alloc(sigqueue_cachep, flags);
-	} else {
-		print_dropped_signal(sig);
-	}
-
-	if (unlikely(q == NULL)) {
-		if (atomic_dec_and_test(&user->sigpending))
-			free_uid(user);
-	} else {
 		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&q->list);
 		q->flags = 0;
-		q->user = user;
+
+		/*
+		 * Protect access to @t credentials. This can go away when all
+		 * callers hold rcu read lock.
+		 */
+		rcu_read_lock();
+		q->ucounts = get_ucounts(task_ucounts(t));
+		overlimit = inc_rlimit_ucounts_and_test(q->ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_SIGPENDING,
+				1, task_rlimit(t, RLIMIT_SIGPENDING));
+
+		if (override_rlimit || likely(!overlimit)) {
+			rcu_read_unlock();
+			return q;
+		}
+		rcu_read_unlock();
 	}
 
-	return q;
+	print_dropped_signal(sig);
+	return NULL;
 }
 
 static void __sigqueue_free(struct sigqueue *q)
 {
 	if (q->flags & SIGQUEUE_PREALLOC)
 		return;
-	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&q->user->sigpending))
-		free_uid(q->user);
+	dec_rlimit_ucounts(q->ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_SIGPENDING, 1);
+	put_ucounts(q->ucounts);
 	kmem_cache_free(sigqueue_cachep, q);
 }
 
diff --git a/kernel/ucount.c b/kernel/ucount.c
index 6fb2ebdef0bc..2ac969fba668 100644
--- a/kernel/ucount.c
+++ b/kernel/ucount.c
@@ -81,6 +81,7 @@ static struct ctl_table user_table[] = {
 	UCOUNT_ENTRY("max_inotify_instances"),
 	UCOUNT_ENTRY("max_inotify_watches"),
 #endif
+	{ },
 	{ },
 	{ },
 	{ }
diff --git a/kernel/user.c b/kernel/user.c
index 7f5ff498207a..6737327f83be 100644
--- a/kernel/user.c
+++ b/kernel/user.c
@@ -98,7 +98,6 @@ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(uidhash_lock);
 /* root_user.__count is 1, for init task cred */
 struct user_struct root_user = {
 	.__count	= REFCOUNT_INIT(1),
-	.sigpending	= ATOMIC_INIT(0),
 	.locked_shm     = 0,
 	.uid		= GLOBAL_ROOT_UID,
 	.ratelimit	= RATELIMIT_STATE_INIT(root_user.ratelimit, 0, 0),
diff --git a/kernel/user_namespace.c b/kernel/user_namespace.c
index cc90d5203acf..df1bed32dd48 100644
--- a/kernel/user_namespace.c
+++ b/kernel/user_namespace.c
@@ -123,6 +123,7 @@ int create_user_ns(struct cred *new)
 	}
 	ns->ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC] = rlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC);
 	ns->ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE] = rlimit(RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE);
+	ns->ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_SIGPENDING] = rlimit(RLIMIT_SIGPENDING);
 	ns->ucounts = ucounts;
 
 	/* Inherit USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED from our parent */
-- 
2.29.2


^ permalink raw reply related	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v6 6/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_MEMLOCK on top of ucounts
  2021-02-15 12:41 [PATCH v6 0/7] Count rlimits in each user namespace Alexey Gladkov
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 5/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_SIGPENDING " Alexey Gladkov
@ 2021-02-15 12:41 ` Alexey Gladkov
  2021-02-15 15:09   ` kernel test robot
                     ` (2 more replies)
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 7/7] kselftests: Add test to check for rlimit changes in different user namespaces Alexey Gladkov
  2021-02-21 22:20 ` [PATCH v6 0/7] Count rlimits in each user namespace Linus Torvalds
  7 siblings, 3 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Gladkov @ 2021-02-15 12:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: LKML, io-uring, Kernel Hardening, Linux Containers, linux-mm
  Cc: Alexey Gladkov, Andrew Morton, Christian Brauner,
	Eric W . Biederman, Jann Horn, Jens Axboe, Kees Cook,
	Linus Torvalds, Oleg Nesterov, kernel test robot

The rlimit counter is tied to uid in the user_namespace. This allows
rlimit values to be specified in userns even if they are already
globally exceeded by the user. However, the value of the previous
user_namespaces cannot be exceeded.

Changelog

v6:
* Fix bug in hugetlb_file_setup() detected by trinity.

Reported-by: kernel test robot <oliver.sang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexey Gladkov <gladkov.alexey@gmail.com>
---
 fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c           | 16 ++++++++--------
 include/linux/hugetlb.h        |  4 ++--
 include/linux/mm.h             |  4 ++--
 include/linux/sched/user.h     |  1 -
 include/linux/shmem_fs.h       |  2 +-
 include/linux/user_namespace.h |  1 +
 ipc/shm.c                      | 30 +++++++++++++++--------------
 kernel/fork.c                  |  1 +
 kernel/ucount.c                |  1 +
 kernel/user.c                  |  1 -
 kernel/user_namespace.c        |  1 +
 mm/memfd.c                     |  5 ++---
 mm/mlock.c                     | 35 +++++++++++++---------------------
 mm/mmap.c                      |  4 ++--
 mm/shmem.c                     |  8 ++++----
 15 files changed, 54 insertions(+), 60 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c b/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c
index 21c20fd5f9ee..a8757e39cefa 100644
--- a/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c
@@ -1452,7 +1452,7 @@ static int get_hstate_idx(int page_size_log)
  * otherwise hugetlb_reserve_pages reserves one less hugepages than intended.
  */
 struct file *hugetlb_file_setup(const char *name, size_t size,
-				vm_flags_t acctflag, struct user_struct **user,
+				vm_flags_t acctflag, const struct cred **cred,
 				int creat_flags, int page_size_log)
 {
 	struct inode *inode;
@@ -1464,20 +1464,20 @@ struct file *hugetlb_file_setup(const char *name, size_t size,
 	if (hstate_idx < 0)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
 
-	*user = NULL;
+	*cred = NULL;
 	mnt = hugetlbfs_vfsmount[hstate_idx];
 	if (!mnt)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
 
 	if (creat_flags == HUGETLB_SHMFS_INODE && !can_do_hugetlb_shm()) {
-		*user = current_user();
-		if (user_shm_lock(size, *user)) {
+		*cred = current_cred();
+		if (user_shm_lock(size, *cred)) {
 			task_lock(current);
 			pr_warn_once("%s (%d): Using mlock ulimits for SHM_HUGETLB is deprecated\n",
 				current->comm, current->pid);
 			task_unlock(current);
 		} else {
-			*user = NULL;
+			*cred = NULL;
 			return ERR_PTR(-EPERM);
 		}
 	}
@@ -1504,9 +1504,9 @@ struct file *hugetlb_file_setup(const char *name, size_t size,
 
 	iput(inode);
 out:
-	if (*user) {
-		user_shm_unlock(size, *user);
-		*user = NULL;
+	if (*cred) {
+		user_shm_unlock(size, *cred);
+		*cred = NULL;
 	}
 	return file;
 }
diff --git a/include/linux/hugetlb.h b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
index b5807f23caf8..de5ce8a11b5e 100644
--- a/include/linux/hugetlb.h
+++ b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
@@ -434,7 +434,7 @@ static inline struct hugetlbfs_inode_info *HUGETLBFS_I(struct inode *inode)
 extern const struct file_operations hugetlbfs_file_operations;
 extern const struct vm_operations_struct hugetlb_vm_ops;
 struct file *hugetlb_file_setup(const char *name, size_t size, vm_flags_t acct,
-				struct user_struct **user, int creat_flags,
+				const struct cred **cred, int creat_flags,
 				int page_size_log);
 
 static inline bool is_file_hugepages(struct file *file)
@@ -454,7 +454,7 @@ static inline struct hstate *hstate_inode(struct inode *i)
 #define is_file_hugepages(file)			false
 static inline struct file *
 hugetlb_file_setup(const char *name, size_t size, vm_flags_t acctflag,
-		struct user_struct **user, int creat_flags,
+		struct cred **cred, int creat_flags,
 		int page_size_log)
 {
 	return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS);
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index ecdf8a8cd6ae..30a37aef1ab9 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -1628,8 +1628,8 @@ extern bool can_do_mlock(void);
 #else
 static inline bool can_do_mlock(void) { return false; }
 #endif
-extern int user_shm_lock(size_t, struct user_struct *);
-extern void user_shm_unlock(size_t, struct user_struct *);
+extern int user_shm_lock(size_t, const struct cred *);
+extern void user_shm_unlock(size_t, const struct cred *);
 
 /*
  * Parameter block passed down to zap_pte_range in exceptional cases.
diff --git a/include/linux/sched/user.h b/include/linux/sched/user.h
index 8ba9cec4fb99..82bd2532da6b 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/user.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/user.h
@@ -18,7 +18,6 @@ struct user_struct {
 #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL
 	atomic_long_t epoll_watches; /* The number of file descriptors currently watched */
 #endif
-	unsigned long locked_shm; /* How many pages of mlocked shm ? */
 	unsigned long unix_inflight;	/* How many files in flight in unix sockets */
 	atomic_long_t pipe_bufs;  /* how many pages are allocated in pipe buffers */
 
diff --git a/include/linux/shmem_fs.h b/include/linux/shmem_fs.h
index d82b6f396588..10f50b1c4e0e 100644
--- a/include/linux/shmem_fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/shmem_fs.h
@@ -65,7 +65,7 @@ extern struct file *shmem_file_setup_with_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt,
 extern int shmem_zero_setup(struct vm_area_struct *);
 extern unsigned long shmem_get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long addr,
 		unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags);
-extern int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, struct user_struct *user);
+extern int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, const struct cred *cred);
 #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM
 extern const struct address_space_operations shmem_aops;
 static inline bool shmem_mapping(struct address_space *mapping)
diff --git a/include/linux/user_namespace.h b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
index f84b68832c56..966b0d733bb8 100644
--- a/include/linux/user_namespace.h
+++ b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
@@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ enum ucount_type {
 	UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC,
 	UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE,
 	UCOUNT_RLIMIT_SIGPENDING,
+	UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK,
 	UCOUNT_COUNTS,
 };
 
diff --git a/ipc/shm.c b/ipc/shm.c
index febd88daba8c..9b3fbf33a7b7 100644
--- a/ipc/shm.c
+++ b/ipc/shm.c
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ struct shmid_kernel /* private to the kernel */
 	time64_t		shm_ctim;
 	struct pid		*shm_cprid;
 	struct pid		*shm_lprid;
-	struct user_struct	*mlock_user;
+	const struct cred	*mlock_cred;
 
 	/* The task created the shm object.  NULL if the task is dead. */
 	struct task_struct	*shm_creator;
@@ -286,10 +286,10 @@ static void shm_destroy(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct shmid_kernel *shp)
 	shm_rmid(ns, shp);
 	shm_unlock(shp);
 	if (!is_file_hugepages(shm_file))
-		shmem_lock(shm_file, 0, shp->mlock_user);
-	else if (shp->mlock_user)
+		shmem_lock(shm_file, 0, shp->mlock_cred);
+	else if (shp->mlock_cred)
 		user_shm_unlock(i_size_read(file_inode(shm_file)),
-				shp->mlock_user);
+				shp->mlock_cred);
 	fput(shm_file);
 	ipc_update_pid(&shp->shm_cprid, NULL);
 	ipc_update_pid(&shp->shm_lprid, NULL);
@@ -625,7 +625,7 @@ static int newseg(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_params *params)
 
 	shp->shm_perm.key = key;
 	shp->shm_perm.mode = (shmflg & S_IRWXUGO);
-	shp->mlock_user = NULL;
+	shp->mlock_cred = NULL;
 
 	shp->shm_perm.security = NULL;
 	error = security_shm_alloc(&shp->shm_perm);
@@ -650,7 +650,7 @@ static int newseg(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_params *params)
 		if (shmflg & SHM_NORESERVE)
 			acctflag = VM_NORESERVE;
 		file = hugetlb_file_setup(name, hugesize, acctflag,
-				  &shp->mlock_user, HUGETLB_SHMFS_INODE,
+				&shp->mlock_cred, HUGETLB_SHMFS_INODE,
 				(shmflg >> SHM_HUGE_SHIFT) & SHM_HUGE_MASK);
 	} else {
 		/*
@@ -663,8 +663,10 @@ static int newseg(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_params *params)
 		file = shmem_kernel_file_setup(name, size, acctflag);
 	}
 	error = PTR_ERR(file);
-	if (IS_ERR(file))
+	if (IS_ERR(file)) {
+		shp->mlock_cred = NULL;
 		goto no_file;
+	}
 
 	shp->shm_cprid = get_pid(task_tgid(current));
 	shp->shm_lprid = NULL;
@@ -698,8 +700,8 @@ static int newseg(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_params *params)
 no_id:
 	ipc_update_pid(&shp->shm_cprid, NULL);
 	ipc_update_pid(&shp->shm_lprid, NULL);
-	if (is_file_hugepages(file) && shp->mlock_user)
-		user_shm_unlock(size, shp->mlock_user);
+	if (is_file_hugepages(file) && shp->mlock_cred)
+		user_shm_unlock(size, shp->mlock_cred);
 	fput(file);
 	ipc_rcu_putref(&shp->shm_perm, shm_rcu_free);
 	return error;
@@ -1105,12 +1107,12 @@ static int shmctl_do_lock(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int shmid, int cmd)
 		goto out_unlock0;
 
 	if (cmd == SHM_LOCK) {
-		struct user_struct *user = current_user();
+		const struct cred *cred = current_cred();
 
-		err = shmem_lock(shm_file, 1, user);
+		err = shmem_lock(shm_file, 1, cred);
 		if (!err && !(shp->shm_perm.mode & SHM_LOCKED)) {
 			shp->shm_perm.mode |= SHM_LOCKED;
-			shp->mlock_user = user;
+			shp->mlock_cred = cred;
 		}
 		goto out_unlock0;
 	}
@@ -1118,9 +1120,9 @@ static int shmctl_do_lock(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int shmid, int cmd)
 	/* SHM_UNLOCK */
 	if (!(shp->shm_perm.mode & SHM_LOCKED))
 		goto out_unlock0;
-	shmem_lock(shm_file, 0, shp->mlock_user);
+	shmem_lock(shm_file, 0, shp->mlock_cred);
 	shp->shm_perm.mode &= ~SHM_LOCKED;
-	shp->mlock_user = NULL;
+	shp->mlock_cred = NULL;
 	get_file(shm_file);
 	ipc_unlock_object(&shp->shm_perm);
 	rcu_read_unlock();
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 99b10b9fe4b6..76ccb000856c 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -825,6 +825,7 @@ void __init fork_init(void)
 	init_user_ns.ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC] = task_rlimit(&init_task, RLIMIT_NPROC);
 	init_user_ns.ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE] = task_rlimit(&init_task, RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE);
 	init_user_ns.ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_SIGPENDING] = task_rlimit(&init_task, RLIMIT_SIGPENDING);
+	init_user_ns.ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK] = task_rlimit(&init_task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
 	cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_BP_PREPARE_DYN, "fork:vm_stack_cache",
diff --git a/kernel/ucount.c b/kernel/ucount.c
index 2ac969fba668..b6242b77eb89 100644
--- a/kernel/ucount.c
+++ b/kernel/ucount.c
@@ -84,6 +84,7 @@ static struct ctl_table user_table[] = {
 	{ },
 	{ },
 	{ },
+	{ },
 	{ }
 };
 #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */
diff --git a/kernel/user.c b/kernel/user.c
index 6737327f83be..c82399c1618a 100644
--- a/kernel/user.c
+++ b/kernel/user.c
@@ -98,7 +98,6 @@ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(uidhash_lock);
 /* root_user.__count is 1, for init task cred */
 struct user_struct root_user = {
 	.__count	= REFCOUNT_INIT(1),
-	.locked_shm     = 0,
 	.uid		= GLOBAL_ROOT_UID,
 	.ratelimit	= RATELIMIT_STATE_INIT(root_user.ratelimit, 0, 0),
 };
diff --git a/kernel/user_namespace.c b/kernel/user_namespace.c
index df1bed32dd48..5ef0d4b182ba 100644
--- a/kernel/user_namespace.c
+++ b/kernel/user_namespace.c
@@ -124,6 +124,7 @@ int create_user_ns(struct cred *new)
 	ns->ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC] = rlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC);
 	ns->ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE] = rlimit(RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE);
 	ns->ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_SIGPENDING] = rlimit(RLIMIT_SIGPENDING);
+	ns->ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK] = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK);
 	ns->ucounts = ucounts;
 
 	/* Inherit USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED from our parent */
diff --git a/mm/memfd.c b/mm/memfd.c
index 2647c898990c..473515a74b99 100644
--- a/mm/memfd.c
+++ b/mm/memfd.c
@@ -297,9 +297,8 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(memfd_create,
 	}
 
 	if (flags & MFD_HUGETLB) {
-		struct user_struct *user = NULL;
-
-		file = hugetlb_file_setup(name, 0, VM_NORESERVE, &user,
+		const struct cred *cred;
+		file = hugetlb_file_setup(name, 0, VM_NORESERVE, &cred,
 					HUGETLB_ANONHUGE_INODE,
 					(flags >> MFD_HUGE_SHIFT) &
 					MFD_HUGE_MASK);
diff --git a/mm/mlock.c b/mm/mlock.c
index 55b3b3672977..2d49d1afd7e0 100644
--- a/mm/mlock.c
+++ b/mm/mlock.c
@@ -812,15 +812,10 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE0(munlockall)
 	return ret;
 }
 
-/*
- * Objects with different lifetime than processes (SHM_LOCK and SHM_HUGETLB
- * shm segments) get accounted against the user_struct instead.
- */
-static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(shmlock_user_lock);
-
-int user_shm_lock(size_t size, struct user_struct *user)
+int user_shm_lock(size_t size, const struct cred *cred)
 {
 	unsigned long lock_limit, locked;
+	bool overlimit;
 	int allowed = 0;
 
 	locked = (size + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
@@ -828,22 +823,18 @@ int user_shm_lock(size_t size, struct user_struct *user)
 	if (lock_limit == RLIM_INFINITY)
 		allowed = 1;
 	lock_limit >>= PAGE_SHIFT;
-	spin_lock(&shmlock_user_lock);
-	if (!allowed &&
-	    locked + user->locked_shm > lock_limit && !capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK))
-		goto out;
-	get_uid(user);
-	user->locked_shm += locked;
-	allowed = 1;
-out:
-	spin_unlock(&shmlock_user_lock);
-	return allowed;
+
+	overlimit = inc_rlimit_ucounts_and_test(cred->ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK,
+			locked, lock_limit);
+
+	if (!allowed && overlimit && !capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK)) {
+		dec_rlimit_ucounts(cred->ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK, locked);
+		return 0;
+	}
+	return 1;
 }
 
-void user_shm_unlock(size_t size, struct user_struct *user)
+void user_shm_unlock(size_t size, const struct cred *cred)
 {
-	spin_lock(&shmlock_user_lock);
-	user->locked_shm -= (size + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
-	spin_unlock(&shmlock_user_lock);
-	free_uid(user);
+	dec_rlimit_ucounts(cred->ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK, (size + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
 }
diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index dc7206032387..76edf28344a4 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -1607,7 +1607,7 @@ unsigned long ksys_mmap_pgoff(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
 			goto out_fput;
 		}
 	} else if (flags & MAP_HUGETLB) {
-		struct user_struct *user = NULL;
+		const struct cred *cred;
 		struct hstate *hs;
 
 		hs = hstate_sizelog((flags >> MAP_HUGE_SHIFT) & MAP_HUGE_MASK);
@@ -1623,7 +1623,7 @@ unsigned long ksys_mmap_pgoff(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
 		 */
 		file = hugetlb_file_setup(HUGETLB_ANON_FILE, len,
 				VM_NORESERVE,
-				&user, HUGETLB_ANONHUGE_INODE,
+				&cred, HUGETLB_ANONHUGE_INODE,
 				(flags >> MAP_HUGE_SHIFT) & MAP_HUGE_MASK);
 		if (IS_ERR(file))
 			return PTR_ERR(file);
diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
index 7c6b6d8f6c39..de9bf6866f51 100644
--- a/mm/shmem.c
+++ b/mm/shmem.c
@@ -2225,7 +2225,7 @@ static struct mempolicy *shmem_get_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 }
 #endif
 
-int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, struct user_struct *user)
+int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, const struct cred *cred)
 {
 	struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
 	struct shmem_inode_info *info = SHMEM_I(inode);
@@ -2237,13 +2237,13 @@ int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, struct user_struct *user)
 	 * no serialization needed when called from shm_destroy().
 	 */
 	if (lock && !(info->flags & VM_LOCKED)) {
-		if (!user_shm_lock(inode->i_size, user))
+		if (!user_shm_lock(inode->i_size, cred))
 			goto out_nomem;
 		info->flags |= VM_LOCKED;
 		mapping_set_unevictable(file->f_mapping);
 	}
-	if (!lock && (info->flags & VM_LOCKED) && user) {
-		user_shm_unlock(inode->i_size, user);
+	if (!lock && (info->flags & VM_LOCKED) && cred) {
+		user_shm_unlock(inode->i_size, cred);
 		info->flags &= ~VM_LOCKED;
 		mapping_clear_unevictable(file->f_mapping);
 	}
-- 
2.29.2


^ permalink raw reply related	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v6 7/7] kselftests: Add test to check for rlimit changes in different user namespaces
  2021-02-15 12:41 [PATCH v6 0/7] Count rlimits in each user namespace Alexey Gladkov
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 6/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_MEMLOCK " Alexey Gladkov
@ 2021-02-15 12:41 ` Alexey Gladkov
  2021-02-21 22:20 ` [PATCH v6 0/7] Count rlimits in each user namespace Linus Torvalds
  7 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Gladkov @ 2021-02-15 12:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: LKML, io-uring, Kernel Hardening, Linux Containers, linux-mm
  Cc: Alexey Gladkov, Andrew Morton, Christian Brauner,
	Eric W . Biederman, Jann Horn, Jens Axboe, Kees Cook,
	Linus Torvalds, Oleg Nesterov

The testcase runs few instances of the program with RLIMIT_NPROC=1 from
user uid=60000, in different user namespaces.

Signed-off-by: Alexey Gladkov <gladkov.alexey@gmail.com>
---
 tools/testing/selftests/Makefile              |   1 +
 tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/.gitignore    |   2 +
 tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/Makefile      |   6 +
 tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/config        |   1 +
 .../selftests/rlimits/rlimits-per-userns.c    | 161 ++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 171 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/.gitignore
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/Makefile
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/config
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/rlimits-per-userns.c

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
index 8a917cb4426a..a6d3fde4a617 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
@@ -46,6 +46,7 @@ TARGETS += proc
 TARGETS += pstore
 TARGETS += ptrace
 TARGETS += openat2
+TARGETS += rlimits
 TARGETS += rseq
 TARGETS += rtc
 TARGETS += seccomp
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/.gitignore b/tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/.gitignore
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..091021f255b3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/.gitignore
@@ -0,0 +1,2 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+rlimits-per-userns
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..03aadb406212
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,6 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
+
+CFLAGS += -Wall -O2 -g
+TEST_GEN_PROGS := rlimits-per-userns
+
+include ../lib.mk
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/config b/tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/config
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..416bd53ce982
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/config
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+CONFIG_USER_NS=y
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/rlimits-per-userns.c b/tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/rlimits-per-userns.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..26dc949e93ea
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rlimits/rlimits-per-userns.c
@@ -0,0 +1,161 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
+/*
+ * Author: Alexey Gladkov <gladkov.alexey@gmail.com>
+ */
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/wait.h>
+#include <sys/time.h>
+#include <sys/resource.h>
+#include <sys/prctl.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <sched.h>
+#include <signal.h>
+#include <limits.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <err.h>
+
+#define NR_CHILDS 2
+
+static char *service_prog;
+static uid_t user   = 60000;
+static uid_t group  = 60000;
+
+static void setrlimit_nproc(rlim_t n)
+{
+	pid_t pid = getpid();
+	struct rlimit limit = {
+		.rlim_cur = n,
+		.rlim_max = n
+	};
+
+	warnx("(pid=%d): Setting RLIMIT_NPROC=%ld", pid, n);
+
+	if (setrlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC, &limit) < 0)
+		err(EXIT_FAILURE, "(pid=%d): setrlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC)", pid);
+}
+
+static pid_t fork_child(void)
+{
+	pid_t pid = fork();
+
+	if (pid < 0)
+		err(EXIT_FAILURE, "fork");
+
+	if (pid > 0)
+		return pid;
+
+	pid = getpid();
+
+	warnx("(pid=%d): New process starting ...", pid);
+
+	if (prctl(PR_SET_PDEATHSIG, SIGKILL) < 0)
+		err(EXIT_FAILURE, "(pid=%d): prctl(PR_SET_PDEATHSIG)", pid);
+
+	signal(SIGUSR1, SIG_DFL);
+
+	warnx("(pid=%d): Changing to uid=%d, gid=%d", pid, user, group);
+
+	if (setgid(group) < 0)
+		err(EXIT_FAILURE, "(pid=%d): setgid(%d)", pid, group);
+	if (setuid(user) < 0)
+		err(EXIT_FAILURE, "(pid=%d): setuid(%d)", pid, user);
+
+	warnx("(pid=%d): Service running ...", pid);
+
+	warnx("(pid=%d): Unshare user namespace", pid);
+	if (unshare(CLONE_NEWUSER) < 0)
+		err(EXIT_FAILURE, "unshare(CLONE_NEWUSER)");
+
+	char *const argv[] = { "service", NULL };
+	char *const envp[] = { "I_AM_SERVICE=1", NULL };
+
+	warnx("(pid=%d): Executing real service ...", pid);
+
+	execve(service_prog, argv, envp);
+	err(EXIT_FAILURE, "(pid=%d): execve", pid);
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+	size_t i;
+	pid_t child[NR_CHILDS];
+	int wstatus[NR_CHILDS];
+	int childs = NR_CHILDS;
+	pid_t pid;
+
+	if (getenv("I_AM_SERVICE")) {
+		pause();
+		exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
+	}
+
+	service_prog = argv[0];
+	pid = getpid();
+
+	warnx("(pid=%d) Starting testcase", pid);
+
+	/*
+	 * This rlimit is not a problem for root because it can be exceeded.
+	 */
+	setrlimit_nproc(1);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < NR_CHILDS; i++) {
+		child[i] = fork_child();
+		wstatus[i] = 0;
+		usleep(250000);
+	}
+
+	while (1) {
+		for (i = 0; i < NR_CHILDS; i++) {
+			if (child[i] <= 0)
+				continue;
+
+			errno = 0;
+			pid_t ret = waitpid(child[i], &wstatus[i], WNOHANG);
+
+			if (!ret || (!WIFEXITED(wstatus[i]) && !WIFSIGNALED(wstatus[i])))
+				continue;
+
+			if (ret < 0 && errno != ECHILD)
+				warn("(pid=%d): waitpid(%d)", pid, child[i]);
+
+			child[i] *= -1;
+			childs -= 1;
+		}
+
+		if (!childs)
+			break;
+
+		usleep(250000);
+
+		for (i = 0; i < NR_CHILDS; i++) {
+			if (child[i] <= 0)
+				continue;
+			kill(child[i], SIGUSR1);
+		}
+	}
+
+	for (i = 0; i < NR_CHILDS; i++) {
+		if (WIFEXITED(wstatus[i]))
+			warnx("(pid=%d): pid %d exited, status=%d",
+				pid, -child[i], WEXITSTATUS(wstatus[i]));
+		else if (WIFSIGNALED(wstatus[i]))
+			warnx("(pid=%d): pid %d killed by signal %d",
+				pid, -child[i], WTERMSIG(wstatus[i]));
+
+		if (WIFSIGNALED(wstatus[i]) && WTERMSIG(wstatus[i]) == SIGUSR1)
+			continue;
+
+		warnx("(pid=%d): Test failed", pid);
+		exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+	}
+
+	warnx("(pid=%d): Test passed", pid);
+	exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
+}
-- 
2.29.2


^ permalink raw reply related	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v6 6/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_MEMLOCK on top of ucounts
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 6/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_MEMLOCK " Alexey Gladkov
@ 2021-02-15 15:09   ` kernel test robot
  2021-02-15 17:49   ` kernel test robot
  2021-02-16 11:12   ` [PATCH v7 " Alexey Gladkov
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: kernel test robot @ 2021-02-15 15:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alexey Gladkov, LKML, io-uring, Kernel Hardening,
	Linux Containers, linux-mm
  Cc: kbuild-all, Alexey Gladkov, Andrew Morton,
	Linux Memory Management List, Christian Brauner,
	Eric W . Biederman

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 6096 bytes --]

Hi Alexey,

Thank you for the patch! Yet something to improve:

[auto build test ERROR on kselftest/next]
[also build test ERROR on linux/master linus/master v5.11 next-20210212]
[cannot apply to hnaz-linux-mm/master]
[If your patch is applied to the wrong git tree, kindly drop us a note.
And when submitting patch, we suggest to use '--base' as documented in
https://git-scm.com/docs/git-format-patch]

url:    https://github.com/0day-ci/linux/commits/Alexey-Gladkov/Count-rlimits-in-each-user-namespace/20210215-204524
base:   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/shuah/linux-kselftest.git next
config: xtensa-common_defconfig (attached as .config)
compiler: xtensa-linux-gcc (GCC) 9.3.0
reproduce (this is a W=1 build):
        wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/intel/lkp-tests/master/sbin/make.cross -O ~/bin/make.cross
        chmod +x ~/bin/make.cross
        # https://github.com/0day-ci/linux/commit/f009495a8def89a71b9e0b9025a39379d6f9097d
        git remote add linux-review https://github.com/0day-ci/linux
        git fetch --no-tags linux-review Alexey-Gladkov/Count-rlimits-in-each-user-namespace/20210215-204524
        git checkout f009495a8def89a71b9e0b9025a39379d6f9097d
        # save the attached .config to linux build tree
        COMPILER_INSTALL_PATH=$HOME/0day COMPILER=gcc-9.3.0 make.cross ARCH=xtensa 

If you fix the issue, kindly add following tag as appropriate
Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com>

All errors (new ones prefixed by >>):

   ipc/shm.c: In function 'newseg':
>> ipc/shm.c:653:5: error: passing argument 4 of 'hugetlb_file_setup' from incompatible pointer type [-Werror=incompatible-pointer-types]
     653 |     &shp->mlock_cred, HUGETLB_SHMFS_INODE,
         |     ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
         |     |
         |     const struct cred **
   In file included from ipc/shm.c:30:
   include/linux/hugetlb.h:457:17: note: expected 'struct cred **' but argument is of type 'const struct cred **'
     457 |   struct cred **cred, int creat_flags,
         |   ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~
   cc1: some warnings being treated as errors


vim +/hugetlb_file_setup +653 ipc/shm.c

   592	
   593	/**
   594	 * newseg - Create a new shared memory segment
   595	 * @ns: namespace
   596	 * @params: ptr to the structure that contains key, size and shmflg
   597	 *
   598	 * Called with shm_ids.rwsem held as a writer.
   599	 */
   600	static int newseg(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_params *params)
   601	{
   602		key_t key = params->key;
   603		int shmflg = params->flg;
   604		size_t size = params->u.size;
   605		int error;
   606		struct shmid_kernel *shp;
   607		size_t numpages = (size + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
   608		struct file *file;
   609		char name[13];
   610		vm_flags_t acctflag = 0;
   611	
   612		if (size < SHMMIN || size > ns->shm_ctlmax)
   613			return -EINVAL;
   614	
   615		if (numpages << PAGE_SHIFT < size)
   616			return -ENOSPC;
   617	
   618		if (ns->shm_tot + numpages < ns->shm_tot ||
   619				ns->shm_tot + numpages > ns->shm_ctlall)
   620			return -ENOSPC;
   621	
   622		shp = kvmalloc(sizeof(*shp), GFP_KERNEL);
   623		if (unlikely(!shp))
   624			return -ENOMEM;
   625	
   626		shp->shm_perm.key = key;
   627		shp->shm_perm.mode = (shmflg & S_IRWXUGO);
   628		shp->mlock_cred = NULL;
   629	
   630		shp->shm_perm.security = NULL;
   631		error = security_shm_alloc(&shp->shm_perm);
   632		if (error) {
   633			kvfree(shp);
   634			return error;
   635		}
   636	
   637		sprintf(name, "SYSV%08x", key);
   638		if (shmflg & SHM_HUGETLB) {
   639			struct hstate *hs;
   640			size_t hugesize;
   641	
   642			hs = hstate_sizelog((shmflg >> SHM_HUGE_SHIFT) & SHM_HUGE_MASK);
   643			if (!hs) {
   644				error = -EINVAL;
   645				goto no_file;
   646			}
   647			hugesize = ALIGN(size, huge_page_size(hs));
   648	
   649			/* hugetlb_file_setup applies strict accounting */
   650			if (shmflg & SHM_NORESERVE)
   651				acctflag = VM_NORESERVE;
   652			file = hugetlb_file_setup(name, hugesize, acctflag,
 > 653					&shp->mlock_cred, HUGETLB_SHMFS_INODE,
   654					(shmflg >> SHM_HUGE_SHIFT) & SHM_HUGE_MASK);
   655		} else {
   656			/*
   657			 * Do not allow no accounting for OVERCOMMIT_NEVER, even
   658			 * if it's asked for.
   659			 */
   660			if  ((shmflg & SHM_NORESERVE) &&
   661					sysctl_overcommit_memory != OVERCOMMIT_NEVER)
   662				acctflag = VM_NORESERVE;
   663			file = shmem_kernel_file_setup(name, size, acctflag);
   664		}
   665		error = PTR_ERR(file);
   666		if (IS_ERR(file)) {
   667			shp->mlock_cred = NULL;
   668			goto no_file;
   669		}
   670	
   671		shp->shm_cprid = get_pid(task_tgid(current));
   672		shp->shm_lprid = NULL;
   673		shp->shm_atim = shp->shm_dtim = 0;
   674		shp->shm_ctim = ktime_get_real_seconds();
   675		shp->shm_segsz = size;
   676		shp->shm_nattch = 0;
   677		shp->shm_file = file;
   678		shp->shm_creator = current;
   679	
   680		/* ipc_addid() locks shp upon success. */
   681		error = ipc_addid(&shm_ids(ns), &shp->shm_perm, ns->shm_ctlmni);
   682		if (error < 0)
   683			goto no_id;
   684	
   685		list_add(&shp->shm_clist, &current->sysvshm.shm_clist);
   686	
   687		/*
   688		 * shmid gets reported as "inode#" in /proc/pid/maps.
   689		 * proc-ps tools use this. Changing this will break them.
   690		 */
   691		file_inode(file)->i_ino = shp->shm_perm.id;
   692	
   693		ns->shm_tot += numpages;
   694		error = shp->shm_perm.id;
   695	
   696		ipc_unlock_object(&shp->shm_perm);
   697		rcu_read_unlock();
   698		return error;
   699	
   700	no_id:
   701		ipc_update_pid(&shp->shm_cprid, NULL);
   702		ipc_update_pid(&shp->shm_lprid, NULL);
   703		if (is_file_hugepages(file) && shp->mlock_cred)
   704			user_shm_unlock(size, shp->mlock_cred);
   705		fput(file);
   706		ipc_rcu_putref(&shp->shm_perm, shm_rcu_free);
   707		return error;
   708	no_file:
   709		call_rcu(&shp->shm_perm.rcu, shm_rcu_free);
   710		return error;
   711	}
   712	

---
0-DAY CI Kernel Test Service, Intel Corporation
https://lists.01.org/hyperkitty/list/kbuild-all@lists.01.org

[-- Attachment #2: .config.gz --]
[-- Type: application/gzip, Size: 10825 bytes --]

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v6 6/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_MEMLOCK on top of ucounts
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 6/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_MEMLOCK " Alexey Gladkov
  2021-02-15 15:09   ` kernel test robot
@ 2021-02-15 17:49   ` kernel test robot
  2021-02-16 11:12   ` [PATCH v7 " Alexey Gladkov
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: kernel test robot @ 2021-02-15 17:49 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alexey Gladkov, LKML, io-uring, Kernel Hardening,
	Linux Containers, linux-mm
  Cc: kbuild-all, Alexey Gladkov, Andrew Morton,
	Linux Memory Management List, Christian Brauner,
	Eric W . Biederman

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 5271 bytes --]

Hi Alexey,

Thank you for the patch! Yet something to improve:

[auto build test ERROR on kselftest/next]
[also build test ERROR on linux/master linus/master v5.11 next-20210212]
[cannot apply to hnaz-linux-mm/master]
[If your patch is applied to the wrong git tree, kindly drop us a note.
And when submitting patch, we suggest to use '--base' as documented in
https://git-scm.com/docs/git-format-patch]

url:    https://github.com/0day-ci/linux/commits/Alexey-Gladkov/Count-rlimits-in-each-user-namespace/20210215-204524
base:   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/shuah/linux-kselftest.git next
config: openrisc-randconfig-r001-20210215 (attached as .config)
compiler: or1k-linux-gcc (GCC) 9.3.0
reproduce (this is a W=1 build):
        wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/intel/lkp-tests/master/sbin/make.cross -O ~/bin/make.cross
        chmod +x ~/bin/make.cross
        # https://github.com/0day-ci/linux/commit/f009495a8def89a71b9e0b9025a39379d6f9097d
        git remote add linux-review https://github.com/0day-ci/linux
        git fetch --no-tags linux-review Alexey-Gladkov/Count-rlimits-in-each-user-namespace/20210215-204524
        git checkout f009495a8def89a71b9e0b9025a39379d6f9097d
        # save the attached .config to linux build tree
        COMPILER_INSTALL_PATH=$HOME/0day COMPILER=gcc-9.3.0 make.cross ARCH=openrisc 

If you fix the issue, kindly add following tag as appropriate
Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com>

All errors (new ones prefixed by >>):

   mm/mmap.c: In function 'ksys_mmap_pgoff':
>> mm/mmap.c:1626:5: error: passing argument 4 of 'hugetlb_file_setup' from incompatible pointer type [-Werror=incompatible-pointer-types]
    1626 |     &cred, HUGETLB_ANONHUGE_INODE,
         |     ^~~~~
         |     |
         |     const struct cred **
   In file included from mm/mmap.c:28:
   include/linux/hugetlb.h:457:17: note: expected 'struct cred **' but argument is of type 'const struct cred **'
     457 |   struct cred **cred, int creat_flags,
         |   ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~
   cc1: some warnings being treated as errors
--
   mm/memfd.c: In function '__do_sys_memfd_create':
>> mm/memfd.c:301:52: error: passing argument 4 of 'hugetlb_file_setup' from incompatible pointer type [-Werror=incompatible-pointer-types]
     301 |   file = hugetlb_file_setup(name, 0, VM_NORESERVE, &cred,
         |                                                    ^~~~~
         |                                                    |
         |                                                    const struct cred **
   In file included from mm/memfd.c:18:
   include/linux/hugetlb.h:457:17: note: expected 'struct cred **' but argument is of type 'const struct cred **'
     457 |   struct cred **cred, int creat_flags,
         |   ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~
   cc1: some warnings being treated as errors
--
   ipc/shm.c: In function 'newseg':
>> ipc/shm.c:653:5: error: passing argument 4 of 'hugetlb_file_setup' from incompatible pointer type [-Werror=incompatible-pointer-types]
     653 |     &shp->mlock_cred, HUGETLB_SHMFS_INODE,
         |     ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
         |     |
         |     const struct cred **
   In file included from ipc/shm.c:30:
   include/linux/hugetlb.h:457:17: note: expected 'struct cred **' but argument is of type 'const struct cred **'
     457 |   struct cred **cred, int creat_flags,
         |   ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~
   cc1: some warnings being treated as errors


vim +/hugetlb_file_setup +1626 mm/mmap.c

  1590	
  1591	unsigned long ksys_mmap_pgoff(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
  1592				      unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags,
  1593				      unsigned long fd, unsigned long pgoff)
  1594	{
  1595		struct file *file = NULL;
  1596		unsigned long retval;
  1597	
  1598		if (!(flags & MAP_ANONYMOUS)) {
  1599			audit_mmap_fd(fd, flags);
  1600			file = fget(fd);
  1601			if (!file)
  1602				return -EBADF;
  1603			if (is_file_hugepages(file)) {
  1604				len = ALIGN(len, huge_page_size(hstate_file(file)));
  1605			} else if (unlikely(flags & MAP_HUGETLB)) {
  1606				retval = -EINVAL;
  1607				goto out_fput;
  1608			}
  1609		} else if (flags & MAP_HUGETLB) {
  1610			const struct cred *cred;
  1611			struct hstate *hs;
  1612	
  1613			hs = hstate_sizelog((flags >> MAP_HUGE_SHIFT) & MAP_HUGE_MASK);
  1614			if (!hs)
  1615				return -EINVAL;
  1616	
  1617			len = ALIGN(len, huge_page_size(hs));
  1618			/*
  1619			 * VM_NORESERVE is used because the reservations will be
  1620			 * taken when vm_ops->mmap() is called
  1621			 * A dummy user value is used because we are not locking
  1622			 * memory so no accounting is necessary
  1623			 */
  1624			file = hugetlb_file_setup(HUGETLB_ANON_FILE, len,
  1625					VM_NORESERVE,
> 1626					&cred, HUGETLB_ANONHUGE_INODE,
  1627					(flags >> MAP_HUGE_SHIFT) & MAP_HUGE_MASK);
  1628			if (IS_ERR(file))
  1629				return PTR_ERR(file);
  1630		}
  1631	
  1632		flags &= ~(MAP_EXECUTABLE | MAP_DENYWRITE);
  1633	
  1634		retval = vm_mmap_pgoff(file, addr, len, prot, flags, pgoff);
  1635	out_fput:
  1636		if (file)
  1637			fput(file);
  1638		return retval;
  1639	}
  1640	

---
0-DAY CI Kernel Test Service, Intel Corporation
https://lists.01.org/hyperkitty/list/kbuild-all@lists.01.org

[-- Attachment #2: .config.gz --]
[-- Type: application/gzip, Size: 22871 bytes --]

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 6/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_MEMLOCK on top of ucounts
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 6/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_MEMLOCK " Alexey Gladkov
  2021-02-15 15:09   ` kernel test robot
  2021-02-15 17:49   ` kernel test robot
@ 2021-02-16 11:12   ` Alexey Gladkov
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Gladkov @ 2021-02-16 11:12 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: LKML, io-uring, Kernel Hardening, Linux Containers, linux-mm
  Cc: Alexey Gladkov, Andrew Morton, Christian Brauner,
	Eric W . Biederman, Jann Horn, Jens Axboe, Kees Cook,
	Linus Torvalds, Oleg Nesterov, kernel test robot

The rlimit counter is tied to uid in the user_namespace. This allows
rlimit values to be specified in userns even if they are already
globally exceeded by the user. However, the value of the previous
user_namespaces cannot be exceeded.

Changelog

v7:
* Fix hugetlb_file_setup() declaration if CONFIG_HUGETLBFS=n. A `const'
  was missing from one of the arguments.

v6:
* Fix bug in hugetlb_file_setup() detected by trinity.

Reported-by: kernel test robot <oliver.sang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexey Gladkov <gladkov.alexey@gmail.com>
---
 fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c           | 16 ++++++++--------
 include/linux/hugetlb.h        |  4 ++--
 include/linux/mm.h             |  4 ++--
 include/linux/sched/user.h     |  1 -
 include/linux/shmem_fs.h       |  2 +-
 include/linux/user_namespace.h |  1 +
 ipc/shm.c                      | 30 +++++++++++++++--------------
 kernel/fork.c                  |  1 +
 kernel/ucount.c                |  1 +
 kernel/user.c                  |  1 -
 kernel/user_namespace.c        |  1 +
 mm/memfd.c                     |  5 ++---
 mm/mlock.c                     | 35 +++++++++++++---------------------
 mm/mmap.c                      |  4 ++--
 mm/shmem.c                     |  8 ++++----
 15 files changed, 54 insertions(+), 60 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c b/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c
index 21c20fd5f9ee..a8757e39cefa 100644
--- a/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c
@@ -1452,7 +1452,7 @@ static int get_hstate_idx(int page_size_log)
  * otherwise hugetlb_reserve_pages reserves one less hugepages than intended.
  */
 struct file *hugetlb_file_setup(const char *name, size_t size,
-				vm_flags_t acctflag, struct user_struct **user,
+				vm_flags_t acctflag, const struct cred **cred,
 				int creat_flags, int page_size_log)
 {
 	struct inode *inode;
@@ -1464,20 +1464,20 @@ struct file *hugetlb_file_setup(const char *name, size_t size,
 	if (hstate_idx < 0)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
 
-	*user = NULL;
+	*cred = NULL;
 	mnt = hugetlbfs_vfsmount[hstate_idx];
 	if (!mnt)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
 
 	if (creat_flags == HUGETLB_SHMFS_INODE && !can_do_hugetlb_shm()) {
-		*user = current_user();
-		if (user_shm_lock(size, *user)) {
+		*cred = current_cred();
+		if (user_shm_lock(size, *cred)) {
 			task_lock(current);
 			pr_warn_once("%s (%d): Using mlock ulimits for SHM_HUGETLB is deprecated\n",
 				current->comm, current->pid);
 			task_unlock(current);
 		} else {
-			*user = NULL;
+			*cred = NULL;
 			return ERR_PTR(-EPERM);
 		}
 	}
@@ -1504,9 +1504,9 @@ struct file *hugetlb_file_setup(const char *name, size_t size,
 
 	iput(inode);
 out:
-	if (*user) {
-		user_shm_unlock(size, *user);
-		*user = NULL;
+	if (*cred) {
+		user_shm_unlock(size, *cred);
+		*cred = NULL;
 	}
 	return file;
 }
diff --git a/include/linux/hugetlb.h b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
index b5807f23caf8..0a19897b773b 100644
--- a/include/linux/hugetlb.h
+++ b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
@@ -434,7 +434,7 @@ static inline struct hugetlbfs_inode_info *HUGETLBFS_I(struct inode *inode)
 extern const struct file_operations hugetlbfs_file_operations;
 extern const struct vm_operations_struct hugetlb_vm_ops;
 struct file *hugetlb_file_setup(const char *name, size_t size, vm_flags_t acct,
-				struct user_struct **user, int creat_flags,
+				const struct cred **cred, int creat_flags,
 				int page_size_log);
 
 static inline bool is_file_hugepages(struct file *file)
@@ -454,7 +454,7 @@ static inline struct hstate *hstate_inode(struct inode *i)
 #define is_file_hugepages(file)			false
 static inline struct file *
 hugetlb_file_setup(const char *name, size_t size, vm_flags_t acctflag,
-		struct user_struct **user, int creat_flags,
+		const struct cred **cred, int creat_flags,
 		int page_size_log)
 {
 	return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS);
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index ecdf8a8cd6ae..30a37aef1ab9 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -1628,8 +1628,8 @@ extern bool can_do_mlock(void);
 #else
 static inline bool can_do_mlock(void) { return false; }
 #endif
-extern int user_shm_lock(size_t, struct user_struct *);
-extern void user_shm_unlock(size_t, struct user_struct *);
+extern int user_shm_lock(size_t, const struct cred *);
+extern void user_shm_unlock(size_t, const struct cred *);
 
 /*
  * Parameter block passed down to zap_pte_range in exceptional cases.
diff --git a/include/linux/sched/user.h b/include/linux/sched/user.h
index 8ba9cec4fb99..82bd2532da6b 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/user.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/user.h
@@ -18,7 +18,6 @@ struct user_struct {
 #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL
 	atomic_long_t epoll_watches; /* The number of file descriptors currently watched */
 #endif
-	unsigned long locked_shm; /* How many pages of mlocked shm ? */
 	unsigned long unix_inflight;	/* How many files in flight in unix sockets */
 	atomic_long_t pipe_bufs;  /* how many pages are allocated in pipe buffers */
 
diff --git a/include/linux/shmem_fs.h b/include/linux/shmem_fs.h
index d82b6f396588..10f50b1c4e0e 100644
--- a/include/linux/shmem_fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/shmem_fs.h
@@ -65,7 +65,7 @@ extern struct file *shmem_file_setup_with_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt,
 extern int shmem_zero_setup(struct vm_area_struct *);
 extern unsigned long shmem_get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long addr,
 		unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags);
-extern int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, struct user_struct *user);
+extern int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, const struct cred *cred);
 #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM
 extern const struct address_space_operations shmem_aops;
 static inline bool shmem_mapping(struct address_space *mapping)
diff --git a/include/linux/user_namespace.h b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
index f84b68832c56..966b0d733bb8 100644
--- a/include/linux/user_namespace.h
+++ b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
@@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ enum ucount_type {
 	UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC,
 	UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE,
 	UCOUNT_RLIMIT_SIGPENDING,
+	UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK,
 	UCOUNT_COUNTS,
 };
 
diff --git a/ipc/shm.c b/ipc/shm.c
index febd88daba8c..9b3fbf33a7b7 100644
--- a/ipc/shm.c
+++ b/ipc/shm.c
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ struct shmid_kernel /* private to the kernel */
 	time64_t		shm_ctim;
 	struct pid		*shm_cprid;
 	struct pid		*shm_lprid;
-	struct user_struct	*mlock_user;
+	const struct cred	*mlock_cred;
 
 	/* The task created the shm object.  NULL if the task is dead. */
 	struct task_struct	*shm_creator;
@@ -286,10 +286,10 @@ static void shm_destroy(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct shmid_kernel *shp)
 	shm_rmid(ns, shp);
 	shm_unlock(shp);
 	if (!is_file_hugepages(shm_file))
-		shmem_lock(shm_file, 0, shp->mlock_user);
-	else if (shp->mlock_user)
+		shmem_lock(shm_file, 0, shp->mlock_cred);
+	else if (shp->mlock_cred)
 		user_shm_unlock(i_size_read(file_inode(shm_file)),
-				shp->mlock_user);
+				shp->mlock_cred);
 	fput(shm_file);
 	ipc_update_pid(&shp->shm_cprid, NULL);
 	ipc_update_pid(&shp->shm_lprid, NULL);
@@ -625,7 +625,7 @@ static int newseg(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_params *params)
 
 	shp->shm_perm.key = key;
 	shp->shm_perm.mode = (shmflg & S_IRWXUGO);
-	shp->mlock_user = NULL;
+	shp->mlock_cred = NULL;
 
 	shp->shm_perm.security = NULL;
 	error = security_shm_alloc(&shp->shm_perm);
@@ -650,7 +650,7 @@ static int newseg(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_params *params)
 		if (shmflg & SHM_NORESERVE)
 			acctflag = VM_NORESERVE;
 		file = hugetlb_file_setup(name, hugesize, acctflag,
-				  &shp->mlock_user, HUGETLB_SHMFS_INODE,
+				&shp->mlock_cred, HUGETLB_SHMFS_INODE,
 				(shmflg >> SHM_HUGE_SHIFT) & SHM_HUGE_MASK);
 	} else {
 		/*
@@ -663,8 +663,10 @@ static int newseg(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_params *params)
 		file = shmem_kernel_file_setup(name, size, acctflag);
 	}
 	error = PTR_ERR(file);
-	if (IS_ERR(file))
+	if (IS_ERR(file)) {
+		shp->mlock_cred = NULL;
 		goto no_file;
+	}
 
 	shp->shm_cprid = get_pid(task_tgid(current));
 	shp->shm_lprid = NULL;
@@ -698,8 +700,8 @@ static int newseg(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_params *params)
 no_id:
 	ipc_update_pid(&shp->shm_cprid, NULL);
 	ipc_update_pid(&shp->shm_lprid, NULL);
-	if (is_file_hugepages(file) && shp->mlock_user)
-		user_shm_unlock(size, shp->mlock_user);
+	if (is_file_hugepages(file) && shp->mlock_cred)
+		user_shm_unlock(size, shp->mlock_cred);
 	fput(file);
 	ipc_rcu_putref(&shp->shm_perm, shm_rcu_free);
 	return error;
@@ -1105,12 +1107,12 @@ static int shmctl_do_lock(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int shmid, int cmd)
 		goto out_unlock0;
 
 	if (cmd == SHM_LOCK) {
-		struct user_struct *user = current_user();
+		const struct cred *cred = current_cred();
 
-		err = shmem_lock(shm_file, 1, user);
+		err = shmem_lock(shm_file, 1, cred);
 		if (!err && !(shp->shm_perm.mode & SHM_LOCKED)) {
 			shp->shm_perm.mode |= SHM_LOCKED;
-			shp->mlock_user = user;
+			shp->mlock_cred = cred;
 		}
 		goto out_unlock0;
 	}
@@ -1118,9 +1120,9 @@ static int shmctl_do_lock(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int shmid, int cmd)
 	/* SHM_UNLOCK */
 	if (!(shp->shm_perm.mode & SHM_LOCKED))
 		goto out_unlock0;
-	shmem_lock(shm_file, 0, shp->mlock_user);
+	shmem_lock(shm_file, 0, shp->mlock_cred);
 	shp->shm_perm.mode &= ~SHM_LOCKED;
-	shp->mlock_user = NULL;
+	shp->mlock_cred = NULL;
 	get_file(shm_file);
 	ipc_unlock_object(&shp->shm_perm);
 	rcu_read_unlock();
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 99b10b9fe4b6..76ccb000856c 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -825,6 +825,7 @@ void __init fork_init(void)
 	init_user_ns.ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC] = task_rlimit(&init_task, RLIMIT_NPROC);
 	init_user_ns.ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE] = task_rlimit(&init_task, RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE);
 	init_user_ns.ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_SIGPENDING] = task_rlimit(&init_task, RLIMIT_SIGPENDING);
+	init_user_ns.ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK] = task_rlimit(&init_task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
 	cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_BP_PREPARE_DYN, "fork:vm_stack_cache",
diff --git a/kernel/ucount.c b/kernel/ucount.c
index 2ac969fba668..b6242b77eb89 100644
--- a/kernel/ucount.c
+++ b/kernel/ucount.c
@@ -84,6 +84,7 @@ static struct ctl_table user_table[] = {
 	{ },
 	{ },
 	{ },
+	{ },
 	{ }
 };
 #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */
diff --git a/kernel/user.c b/kernel/user.c
index 6737327f83be..c82399c1618a 100644
--- a/kernel/user.c
+++ b/kernel/user.c
@@ -98,7 +98,6 @@ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(uidhash_lock);
 /* root_user.__count is 1, for init task cred */
 struct user_struct root_user = {
 	.__count	= REFCOUNT_INIT(1),
-	.locked_shm     = 0,
 	.uid		= GLOBAL_ROOT_UID,
 	.ratelimit	= RATELIMIT_STATE_INIT(root_user.ratelimit, 0, 0),
 };
diff --git a/kernel/user_namespace.c b/kernel/user_namespace.c
index df1bed32dd48..5ef0d4b182ba 100644
--- a/kernel/user_namespace.c
+++ b/kernel/user_namespace.c
@@ -124,6 +124,7 @@ int create_user_ns(struct cred *new)
 	ns->ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC] = rlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC);
 	ns->ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE] = rlimit(RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE);
 	ns->ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_SIGPENDING] = rlimit(RLIMIT_SIGPENDING);
+	ns->ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK] = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK);
 	ns->ucounts = ucounts;
 
 	/* Inherit USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED from our parent */
diff --git a/mm/memfd.c b/mm/memfd.c
index 2647c898990c..473515a74b99 100644
--- a/mm/memfd.c
+++ b/mm/memfd.c
@@ -297,9 +297,8 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(memfd_create,
 	}
 
 	if (flags & MFD_HUGETLB) {
-		struct user_struct *user = NULL;
-
-		file = hugetlb_file_setup(name, 0, VM_NORESERVE, &user,
+		const struct cred *cred;
+		file = hugetlb_file_setup(name, 0, VM_NORESERVE, &cred,
 					HUGETLB_ANONHUGE_INODE,
 					(flags >> MFD_HUGE_SHIFT) &
 					MFD_HUGE_MASK);
diff --git a/mm/mlock.c b/mm/mlock.c
index 55b3b3672977..2d49d1afd7e0 100644
--- a/mm/mlock.c
+++ b/mm/mlock.c
@@ -812,15 +812,10 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE0(munlockall)
 	return ret;
 }
 
-/*
- * Objects with different lifetime than processes (SHM_LOCK and SHM_HUGETLB
- * shm segments) get accounted against the user_struct instead.
- */
-static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(shmlock_user_lock);
-
-int user_shm_lock(size_t size, struct user_struct *user)
+int user_shm_lock(size_t size, const struct cred *cred)
 {
 	unsigned long lock_limit, locked;
+	bool overlimit;
 	int allowed = 0;
 
 	locked = (size + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
@@ -828,22 +823,18 @@ int user_shm_lock(size_t size, struct user_struct *user)
 	if (lock_limit == RLIM_INFINITY)
 		allowed = 1;
 	lock_limit >>= PAGE_SHIFT;
-	spin_lock(&shmlock_user_lock);
-	if (!allowed &&
-	    locked + user->locked_shm > lock_limit && !capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK))
-		goto out;
-	get_uid(user);
-	user->locked_shm += locked;
-	allowed = 1;
-out:
-	spin_unlock(&shmlock_user_lock);
-	return allowed;
+
+	overlimit = inc_rlimit_ucounts_and_test(cred->ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK,
+			locked, lock_limit);
+
+	if (!allowed && overlimit && !capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK)) {
+		dec_rlimit_ucounts(cred->ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK, locked);
+		return 0;
+	}
+	return 1;
 }
 
-void user_shm_unlock(size_t size, struct user_struct *user)
+void user_shm_unlock(size_t size, const struct cred *cred)
 {
-	spin_lock(&shmlock_user_lock);
-	user->locked_shm -= (size + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
-	spin_unlock(&shmlock_user_lock);
-	free_uid(user);
+	dec_rlimit_ucounts(cred->ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK, (size + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
 }
diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index dc7206032387..76edf28344a4 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -1607,7 +1607,7 @@ unsigned long ksys_mmap_pgoff(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
 			goto out_fput;
 		}
 	} else if (flags & MAP_HUGETLB) {
-		struct user_struct *user = NULL;
+		const struct cred *cred;
 		struct hstate *hs;
 
 		hs = hstate_sizelog((flags >> MAP_HUGE_SHIFT) & MAP_HUGE_MASK);
@@ -1623,7 +1623,7 @@ unsigned long ksys_mmap_pgoff(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
 		 */
 		file = hugetlb_file_setup(HUGETLB_ANON_FILE, len,
 				VM_NORESERVE,
-				&user, HUGETLB_ANONHUGE_INODE,
+				&cred, HUGETLB_ANONHUGE_INODE,
 				(flags >> MAP_HUGE_SHIFT) & MAP_HUGE_MASK);
 		if (IS_ERR(file))
 			return PTR_ERR(file);
diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
index 7c6b6d8f6c39..de9bf6866f51 100644
--- a/mm/shmem.c
+++ b/mm/shmem.c
@@ -2225,7 +2225,7 @@ static struct mempolicy *shmem_get_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 }
 #endif
 
-int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, struct user_struct *user)
+int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, const struct cred *cred)
 {
 	struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
 	struct shmem_inode_info *info = SHMEM_I(inode);
@@ -2237,13 +2237,13 @@ int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, struct user_struct *user)
 	 * no serialization needed when called from shm_destroy().
 	 */
 	if (lock && !(info->flags & VM_LOCKED)) {
-		if (!user_shm_lock(inode->i_size, user))
+		if (!user_shm_lock(inode->i_size, cred))
 			goto out_nomem;
 		info->flags |= VM_LOCKED;
 		mapping_set_unevictable(file->f_mapping);
 	}
-	if (!lock && (info->flags & VM_LOCKED) && user) {
-		user_shm_unlock(inode->i_size, user);
+	if (!lock && (info->flags & VM_LOCKED) && cred) {
+		user_shm_unlock(inode->i_size, cred);
 		info->flags &= ~VM_LOCKED;
 		mapping_clear_unevictable(file->f_mapping);
 	}
-- 
2.29.2


^ permalink raw reply related	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v6 0/7] Count rlimits in each user namespace
  2021-02-15 12:41 [PATCH v6 0/7] Count rlimits in each user namespace Alexey Gladkov
                   ` (6 preceding siblings ...)
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 7/7] kselftests: Add test to check for rlimit changes in different user namespaces Alexey Gladkov
@ 2021-02-21 22:20 ` Linus Torvalds
  2021-02-22 10:27   ` Alexey Gladkov
  2021-02-23  5:30   ` Eric W. Biederman
  7 siblings, 2 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Linus Torvalds @ 2021-02-21 22:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alexey Gladkov
  Cc: LKML, io-uring, Kernel Hardening, Linux Containers, Linux-MM,
	Alexey Gladkov, Andrew Morton, Christian Brauner,
	Eric W . Biederman, Jann Horn, Jens Axboe, Kees Cook,
	Oleg Nesterov

On Mon, Feb 15, 2021 at 4:42 AM Alexey Gladkov <gladkov.alexey@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> These patches are for binding the rlimit counters to a user in user namespace.

So this is now version 6, but I think the kernel test robot keeps
complaining about them causing KASAN issues.

The complaints seem to change, so I'm hoping they get fixed, but it
does seem like every version there's a new one. Hmm?

            Linus

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v6 3/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_NPROC on top of ucounts
  2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 3/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_NPROC on top of ucounts Alexey Gladkov
@ 2021-02-21 23:38   ` Jens Axboe
  2021-02-22 10:11     ` Alexey Gladkov
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 18+ messages in thread
From: Jens Axboe @ 2021-02-21 23:38 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alexey Gladkov, LKML, io-uring, Kernel Hardening,
	Linux Containers, linux-mm
  Cc: Alexey Gladkov, Andrew Morton, Christian Brauner,
	Eric W . Biederman, Jann Horn, Kees Cook, Linus Torvalds,
	Oleg Nesterov

On 2/15/21 5:41 AM, Alexey Gladkov wrote:
> diff --git a/fs/io-wq.c b/fs/io-wq.c
> index a564f36e260c..5b6940c90c61 100644
> --- a/fs/io-wq.c
> +++ b/fs/io-wq.c
> @@ -1090,10 +1091,7 @@ struct io_wq *io_wq_create(unsigned bounded, struct io_wq_data *data)
>  		wqe->node = alloc_node;
>  		wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_BOUND].max_workers = bounded;
>  		atomic_set(&wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_BOUND].nr_running, 0);
> -		if (wq->user) {
> -			wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_UNBOUND].max_workers =
> -					task_rlimit(current, RLIMIT_NPROC);
> -		}
> +		wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_UNBOUND].max_workers = task_rlimit(current, RLIMIT_NPROC);

This doesn't look like an equivalent transformation. But that may be
moot if we merge the io_uring-worker.v3 series, as then you would not
have to touch io-wq at all.

-- 
Jens Axboe


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v6 3/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_NPROC on top of ucounts
  2021-02-21 23:38   ` Jens Axboe
@ 2021-02-22 10:11     ` Alexey Gladkov
  2021-02-22 14:09       ` Jens Axboe
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 18+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Gladkov @ 2021-02-22 10:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jens Axboe
  Cc: LKML, io-uring, Kernel Hardening, Linux Containers, linux-mm,
	Andrew Morton, Christian Brauner, Eric W . Biederman, Jann Horn,
	Kees Cook, Linus Torvalds, Oleg Nesterov

On Sun, Feb 21, 2021 at 04:38:10PM -0700, Jens Axboe wrote:
> On 2/15/21 5:41 AM, Alexey Gladkov wrote:
> > diff --git a/fs/io-wq.c b/fs/io-wq.c
> > index a564f36e260c..5b6940c90c61 100644
> > --- a/fs/io-wq.c
> > +++ b/fs/io-wq.c
> > @@ -1090,10 +1091,7 @@ struct io_wq *io_wq_create(unsigned bounded, struct io_wq_data *data)
> >  		wqe->node = alloc_node;
> >  		wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_BOUND].max_workers = bounded;
> >  		atomic_set(&wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_BOUND].nr_running, 0);
> > -		if (wq->user) {
> > -			wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_UNBOUND].max_workers =
> > -					task_rlimit(current, RLIMIT_NPROC);
> > -		}
> > +		wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_UNBOUND].max_workers = task_rlimit(current, RLIMIT_NPROC);
> 
> This doesn't look like an equivalent transformation. But that may be
> moot if we merge the io_uring-worker.v3 series, as then you would not
> have to touch io-wq at all.

In the current code the wq->user is always set to current_user():

io_uring_create [1]
`- io_sq_offload_create
   `- io_init_wq_offload [2]
      `-io_wq_create [3]

[1] https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/fs/io_uring.c#n9752
[2] https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/fs/io_uring.c#n8107
[3] https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/fs/io-wq.c#n1070

So, specifying max_workers always happens.

-- 
Rgrds, legion


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v6 0/7] Count rlimits in each user namespace
  2021-02-21 22:20 ` [PATCH v6 0/7] Count rlimits in each user namespace Linus Torvalds
@ 2021-02-22 10:27   ` Alexey Gladkov
  2021-02-23  5:30   ` Eric W. Biederman
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Gladkov @ 2021-02-22 10:27 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds
  Cc: LKML, io-uring, Kernel Hardening, Linux Containers, Linux-MM,
	Andrew Morton, Christian Brauner, Eric W . Biederman, Jann Horn,
	Jens Axboe, Kees Cook, Oleg Nesterov

On Sun, Feb 21, 2021 at 02:20:00PM -0800, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> On Mon, Feb 15, 2021 at 4:42 AM Alexey Gladkov <gladkov.alexey@gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > These patches are for binding the rlimit counters to a user in user namespace.
> 
> So this is now version 6, but I think the kernel test robot keeps
> complaining about them causing KASAN issues.
> 
> The complaints seem to change, so I'm hoping they get fixed, but it
> does seem like every version there's a new one. Hmm?

First, KASAN found an unexpected bug in the second patch (Add a reference
to ucounts for each cred). Because I missed that creed_alloc_blank() is
used wider than I found.

Now KASAN has found problems in the RLIMIT_MEMLOCK which I believe I fixed
in v7.

-- 
Rgrds, legion


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v6 3/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_NPROC on top of ucounts
  2021-02-22 10:11     ` Alexey Gladkov
@ 2021-02-22 14:09       ` Jens Axboe
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Jens Axboe @ 2021-02-22 14:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alexey Gladkov
  Cc: LKML, io-uring, Kernel Hardening, Linux Containers, linux-mm,
	Andrew Morton, Christian Brauner, Eric W . Biederman, Jann Horn,
	Kees Cook, Linus Torvalds, Oleg Nesterov

On 2/22/21 3:11 AM, Alexey Gladkov wrote:
> On Sun, Feb 21, 2021 at 04:38:10PM -0700, Jens Axboe wrote:
>> On 2/15/21 5:41 AM, Alexey Gladkov wrote:
>>> diff --git a/fs/io-wq.c b/fs/io-wq.c
>>> index a564f36e260c..5b6940c90c61 100644
>>> --- a/fs/io-wq.c
>>> +++ b/fs/io-wq.c
>>> @@ -1090,10 +1091,7 @@ struct io_wq *io_wq_create(unsigned bounded, struct io_wq_data *data)
>>>  		wqe->node = alloc_node;
>>>  		wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_BOUND].max_workers = bounded;
>>>  		atomic_set(&wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_BOUND].nr_running, 0);
>>> -		if (wq->user) {
>>> -			wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_UNBOUND].max_workers =
>>> -					task_rlimit(current, RLIMIT_NPROC);
>>> -		}
>>> +		wqe->acct[IO_WQ_ACCT_UNBOUND].max_workers = task_rlimit(current, RLIMIT_NPROC);
>>
>> This doesn't look like an equivalent transformation. But that may be
>> moot if we merge the io_uring-worker.v3 series, as then you would not
>> have to touch io-wq at all.
> 
> In the current code the wq->user is always set to current_user():
> 
> io_uring_create [1]
> `- io_sq_offload_create
>    `- io_init_wq_offload [2]
>       `-io_wq_create [3]

current vs other wasn't my concern, but we're always setting ->user so
the test was pointless. So looks fine to me.

-- 
Jens Axboe


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v6 0/7] Count rlimits in each user namespace
  2021-02-21 22:20 ` [PATCH v6 0/7] Count rlimits in each user namespace Linus Torvalds
  2021-02-22 10:27   ` Alexey Gladkov
@ 2021-02-23  5:30   ` Eric W. Biederman
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Eric W. Biederman @ 2021-02-23  5:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Linus Torvalds
  Cc: Alexey Gladkov, LKML, io-uring, Kernel Hardening,
	Linux Containers, Linux-MM, Alexey Gladkov, Andrew Morton,
	Christian Brauner, Jann Horn, Jens Axboe, Kees Cook,
	Oleg Nesterov

Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> writes:

> On Mon, Feb 15, 2021 at 4:42 AM Alexey Gladkov <gladkov.alexey@gmail.com> wrote:
>>
>> These patches are for binding the rlimit counters to a user in user namespace.
>
> So this is now version 6, but I think the kernel test robot keeps
> complaining about them causing KASAN issues.
>
> The complaints seem to change, so I'm hoping they get fixed, but it
> does seem like every version there's a new one. Hmm?

I have been keeping an eye on this as well, and yes the issues are
getting fixed.

My current plan is to aim at getting v7 rebased onto -rc1 into a branch.
Review the changes very closely.  Get some performance testing and some
other testing against it.  Then to get this code into linux-next.

If everything goes smoothly I will send you a pull request next merge
window.  I have no intention of shipping this (or sending you a pull
request) before it is ready.

Eric

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v7 6/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_MEMLOCK on top of ucounts
  2021-02-22  9:56 [PATCH v7 " Alexey Gladkov
@ 2021-02-22  9:56 ` Alexey Gladkov
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 18+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Gladkov @ 2021-02-22  9:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: LKML, io-uring, Kernel Hardening, Linux Containers, linux-mm
  Cc: Alexey Gladkov, Andrew Morton, Christian Brauner,
	Eric W . Biederman, Jann Horn, Jens Axboe, Kees Cook,
	Linus Torvalds, Oleg Nesterov, kernel test robot

The rlimit counter is tied to uid in the user_namespace. This allows
rlimit values to be specified in userns even if they are already
globally exceeded by the user. However, the value of the previous
user_namespaces cannot be exceeded.

Changelog

v7:
* Keep only ucounts for RLIMIT_MEMLOCK checks instead of struct cred.

v6:
* Fix bug in hugetlb_file_setup() detected by trinity.

Reported-by: kernel test robot <oliver.sang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexey Gladkov <gladkov.alexey@gmail.com>
---
 fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c           | 16 ++++++++--------
 include/linux/hugetlb.h        |  4 ++--
 include/linux/mm.h             |  4 ++--
 include/linux/sched/user.h     |  1 -
 include/linux/shmem_fs.h       |  2 +-
 include/linux/user_namespace.h |  1 +
 ipc/shm.c                      | 26 +++++++++++++-------------
 kernel/fork.c                  |  1 +
 kernel/ucount.c                |  1 +
 kernel/user.c                  |  1 -
 kernel/user_namespace.c        |  1 +
 mm/memfd.c                     |  4 ++--
 mm/mlock.c                     | 20 ++++++++++++--------
 mm/mmap.c                      |  4 ++--
 mm/shmem.c                     |  8 ++++----
 15 files changed, 50 insertions(+), 44 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c b/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c
index 21c20fd5f9ee..cea98b68f271 100644
--- a/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c
@@ -1452,7 +1452,7 @@ static int get_hstate_idx(int page_size_log)
  * otherwise hugetlb_reserve_pages reserves one less hugepages than intended.
  */
 struct file *hugetlb_file_setup(const char *name, size_t size,
-				vm_flags_t acctflag, struct user_struct **user,
+				vm_flags_t acctflag, struct ucounts **ucounts,
 				int creat_flags, int page_size_log)
 {
 	struct inode *inode;
@@ -1464,20 +1464,20 @@ struct file *hugetlb_file_setup(const char *name, size_t size,
 	if (hstate_idx < 0)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
 
-	*user = NULL;
+	*ucounts = NULL;
 	mnt = hugetlbfs_vfsmount[hstate_idx];
 	if (!mnt)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
 
 	if (creat_flags == HUGETLB_SHMFS_INODE && !can_do_hugetlb_shm()) {
-		*user = current_user();
-		if (user_shm_lock(size, *user)) {
+		*ucounts = current_ucounts();
+		if (user_shm_lock(size, *ucounts)) {
 			task_lock(current);
 			pr_warn_once("%s (%d): Using mlock ulimits for SHM_HUGETLB is deprecated\n",
 				current->comm, current->pid);
 			task_unlock(current);
 		} else {
-			*user = NULL;
+			*ucounts = NULL;
 			return ERR_PTR(-EPERM);
 		}
 	}
@@ -1504,9 +1504,9 @@ struct file *hugetlb_file_setup(const char *name, size_t size,
 
 	iput(inode);
 out:
-	if (*user) {
-		user_shm_unlock(size, *user);
-		*user = NULL;
+	if (*ucounts) {
+		user_shm_unlock(size, *ucounts);
+		*ucounts = NULL;
 	}
 	return file;
 }
diff --git a/include/linux/hugetlb.h b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
index b5807f23caf8..12b78ae587a2 100644
--- a/include/linux/hugetlb.h
+++ b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
@@ -434,7 +434,7 @@ static inline struct hugetlbfs_inode_info *HUGETLBFS_I(struct inode *inode)
 extern const struct file_operations hugetlbfs_file_operations;
 extern const struct vm_operations_struct hugetlb_vm_ops;
 struct file *hugetlb_file_setup(const char *name, size_t size, vm_flags_t acct,
-				struct user_struct **user, int creat_flags,
+				struct ucounts **ucounts, int creat_flags,
 				int page_size_log);
 
 static inline bool is_file_hugepages(struct file *file)
@@ -454,7 +454,7 @@ static inline struct hstate *hstate_inode(struct inode *i)
 #define is_file_hugepages(file)			false
 static inline struct file *
 hugetlb_file_setup(const char *name, size_t size, vm_flags_t acctflag,
-		struct user_struct **user, int creat_flags,
+		struct ucounts **ucounts, int creat_flags,
 		int page_size_log)
 {
 	return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS);
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index ecdf8a8cd6ae..64927c5492f2 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -1628,8 +1628,8 @@ extern bool can_do_mlock(void);
 #else
 static inline bool can_do_mlock(void) { return false; }
 #endif
-extern int user_shm_lock(size_t, struct user_struct *);
-extern void user_shm_unlock(size_t, struct user_struct *);
+extern int user_shm_lock(size_t, struct ucounts *);
+extern void user_shm_unlock(size_t, struct ucounts *);
 
 /*
  * Parameter block passed down to zap_pte_range in exceptional cases.
diff --git a/include/linux/sched/user.h b/include/linux/sched/user.h
index 8ba9cec4fb99..82bd2532da6b 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/user.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/user.h
@@ -18,7 +18,6 @@ struct user_struct {
 #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL
 	atomic_long_t epoll_watches; /* The number of file descriptors currently watched */
 #endif
-	unsigned long locked_shm; /* How many pages of mlocked shm ? */
 	unsigned long unix_inflight;	/* How many files in flight in unix sockets */
 	atomic_long_t pipe_bufs;  /* how many pages are allocated in pipe buffers */
 
diff --git a/include/linux/shmem_fs.h b/include/linux/shmem_fs.h
index d82b6f396588..aa77dcd1646f 100644
--- a/include/linux/shmem_fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/shmem_fs.h
@@ -65,7 +65,7 @@ extern struct file *shmem_file_setup_with_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt,
 extern int shmem_zero_setup(struct vm_area_struct *);
 extern unsigned long shmem_get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long addr,
 		unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags);
-extern int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, struct user_struct *user);
+extern int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, struct ucounts *ucounts);
 #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM
 extern const struct address_space_operations shmem_aops;
 static inline bool shmem_mapping(struct address_space *mapping)
diff --git a/include/linux/user_namespace.h b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
index f84b68832c56..966b0d733bb8 100644
--- a/include/linux/user_namespace.h
+++ b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
@@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ enum ucount_type {
 	UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC,
 	UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE,
 	UCOUNT_RLIMIT_SIGPENDING,
+	UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK,
 	UCOUNT_COUNTS,
 };
 
diff --git a/ipc/shm.c b/ipc/shm.c
index febd88daba8c..003234fbbd17 100644
--- a/ipc/shm.c
+++ b/ipc/shm.c
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ struct shmid_kernel /* private to the kernel */
 	time64_t		shm_ctim;
 	struct pid		*shm_cprid;
 	struct pid		*shm_lprid;
-	struct user_struct	*mlock_user;
+	struct ucounts		*mlock_ucounts;
 
 	/* The task created the shm object.  NULL if the task is dead. */
 	struct task_struct	*shm_creator;
@@ -286,10 +286,10 @@ static void shm_destroy(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct shmid_kernel *shp)
 	shm_rmid(ns, shp);
 	shm_unlock(shp);
 	if (!is_file_hugepages(shm_file))
-		shmem_lock(shm_file, 0, shp->mlock_user);
-	else if (shp->mlock_user)
+		shmem_lock(shm_file, 0, shp->mlock_ucounts);
+	else if (shp->mlock_ucounts)
 		user_shm_unlock(i_size_read(file_inode(shm_file)),
-				shp->mlock_user);
+				shp->mlock_ucounts);
 	fput(shm_file);
 	ipc_update_pid(&shp->shm_cprid, NULL);
 	ipc_update_pid(&shp->shm_lprid, NULL);
@@ -625,7 +625,7 @@ static int newseg(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_params *params)
 
 	shp->shm_perm.key = key;
 	shp->shm_perm.mode = (shmflg & S_IRWXUGO);
-	shp->mlock_user = NULL;
+	shp->mlock_ucounts = NULL;
 
 	shp->shm_perm.security = NULL;
 	error = security_shm_alloc(&shp->shm_perm);
@@ -650,7 +650,7 @@ static int newseg(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_params *params)
 		if (shmflg & SHM_NORESERVE)
 			acctflag = VM_NORESERVE;
 		file = hugetlb_file_setup(name, hugesize, acctflag,
-				  &shp->mlock_user, HUGETLB_SHMFS_INODE,
+				  &shp->mlock_ucounts, HUGETLB_SHMFS_INODE,
 				(shmflg >> SHM_HUGE_SHIFT) & SHM_HUGE_MASK);
 	} else {
 		/*
@@ -698,8 +698,8 @@ static int newseg(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_params *params)
 no_id:
 	ipc_update_pid(&shp->shm_cprid, NULL);
 	ipc_update_pid(&shp->shm_lprid, NULL);
-	if (is_file_hugepages(file) && shp->mlock_user)
-		user_shm_unlock(size, shp->mlock_user);
+	if (is_file_hugepages(file) && shp->mlock_ucounts)
+		user_shm_unlock(size, shp->mlock_ucounts);
 	fput(file);
 	ipc_rcu_putref(&shp->shm_perm, shm_rcu_free);
 	return error;
@@ -1105,12 +1105,12 @@ static int shmctl_do_lock(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int shmid, int cmd)
 		goto out_unlock0;
 
 	if (cmd == SHM_LOCK) {
-		struct user_struct *user = current_user();
+		struct ucounts *ucounts = current_ucounts();
 
-		err = shmem_lock(shm_file, 1, user);
+		err = shmem_lock(shm_file, 1, ucounts);
 		if (!err && !(shp->shm_perm.mode & SHM_LOCKED)) {
 			shp->shm_perm.mode |= SHM_LOCKED;
-			shp->mlock_user = user;
+			shp->mlock_ucounts = ucounts;
 		}
 		goto out_unlock0;
 	}
@@ -1118,9 +1118,9 @@ static int shmctl_do_lock(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int shmid, int cmd)
 	/* SHM_UNLOCK */
 	if (!(shp->shm_perm.mode & SHM_LOCKED))
 		goto out_unlock0;
-	shmem_lock(shm_file, 0, shp->mlock_user);
+	shmem_lock(shm_file, 0, shp->mlock_ucounts);
 	shp->shm_perm.mode &= ~SHM_LOCKED;
-	shp->mlock_user = NULL;
+	shp->mlock_ucounts = NULL;
 	get_file(shm_file);
 	ipc_unlock_object(&shp->shm_perm);
 	rcu_read_unlock();
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 99b10b9fe4b6..76ccb000856c 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -825,6 +825,7 @@ void __init fork_init(void)
 	init_user_ns.ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC] = task_rlimit(&init_task, RLIMIT_NPROC);
 	init_user_ns.ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE] = task_rlimit(&init_task, RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE);
 	init_user_ns.ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_SIGPENDING] = task_rlimit(&init_task, RLIMIT_SIGPENDING);
+	init_user_ns.ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK] = task_rlimit(&init_task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
 	cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_BP_PREPARE_DYN, "fork:vm_stack_cache",
diff --git a/kernel/ucount.c b/kernel/ucount.c
index 2ac969fba668..b6242b77eb89 100644
--- a/kernel/ucount.c
+++ b/kernel/ucount.c
@@ -84,6 +84,7 @@ static struct ctl_table user_table[] = {
 	{ },
 	{ },
 	{ },
+	{ },
 	{ }
 };
 #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */
diff --git a/kernel/user.c b/kernel/user.c
index 6737327f83be..c82399c1618a 100644
--- a/kernel/user.c
+++ b/kernel/user.c
@@ -98,7 +98,6 @@ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(uidhash_lock);
 /* root_user.__count is 1, for init task cred */
 struct user_struct root_user = {
 	.__count	= REFCOUNT_INIT(1),
-	.locked_shm     = 0,
 	.uid		= GLOBAL_ROOT_UID,
 	.ratelimit	= RATELIMIT_STATE_INIT(root_user.ratelimit, 0, 0),
 };
diff --git a/kernel/user_namespace.c b/kernel/user_namespace.c
index df1bed32dd48..5ef0d4b182ba 100644
--- a/kernel/user_namespace.c
+++ b/kernel/user_namespace.c
@@ -124,6 +124,7 @@ int create_user_ns(struct cred *new)
 	ns->ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_NPROC] = rlimit(RLIMIT_NPROC);
 	ns->ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE] = rlimit(RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE);
 	ns->ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_SIGPENDING] = rlimit(RLIMIT_SIGPENDING);
+	ns->ucount_max[UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK] = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK);
 	ns->ucounts = ucounts;
 
 	/* Inherit USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED from our parent */
diff --git a/mm/memfd.c b/mm/memfd.c
index 2647c898990c..081dd33e6a61 100644
--- a/mm/memfd.c
+++ b/mm/memfd.c
@@ -297,9 +297,9 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(memfd_create,
 	}
 
 	if (flags & MFD_HUGETLB) {
-		struct user_struct *user = NULL;
+		struct ucounts *ucounts = NULL;
 
-		file = hugetlb_file_setup(name, 0, VM_NORESERVE, &user,
+		file = hugetlb_file_setup(name, 0, VM_NORESERVE, &ucounts,
 					HUGETLB_ANONHUGE_INODE,
 					(flags >> MFD_HUGE_SHIFT) &
 					MFD_HUGE_MASK);
diff --git a/mm/mlock.c b/mm/mlock.c
index 55b3b3672977..293b6c1deceb 100644
--- a/mm/mlock.c
+++ b/mm/mlock.c
@@ -818,9 +818,10 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE0(munlockall)
  */
 static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(shmlock_user_lock);
 
-int user_shm_lock(size_t size, struct user_struct *user)
+int user_shm_lock(size_t size, struct ucounts *ucounts)
 {
 	unsigned long lock_limit, locked;
+	bool overlimit;
 	int allowed = 0;
 
 	locked = (size + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
@@ -829,21 +830,24 @@ int user_shm_lock(size_t size, struct user_struct *user)
 		allowed = 1;
 	lock_limit >>= PAGE_SHIFT;
 	spin_lock(&shmlock_user_lock);
-	if (!allowed &&
-	    locked + user->locked_shm > lock_limit && !capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK))
+	overlimit = inc_rlimit_ucounts_and_test(ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK,
+			locked, lock_limit);
+
+	if (!allowed && overlimit && !capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK)) {
+		dec_rlimit_ucounts(ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK, locked);
 		goto out;
-	get_uid(user);
-	user->locked_shm += locked;
+	}
+	get_ucounts(ucounts);
 	allowed = 1;
 out:
 	spin_unlock(&shmlock_user_lock);
 	return allowed;
 }
 
-void user_shm_unlock(size_t size, struct user_struct *user)
+void user_shm_unlock(size_t size, struct ucounts *ucounts)
 {
 	spin_lock(&shmlock_user_lock);
-	user->locked_shm -= (size + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+	dec_rlimit_ucounts(ucounts, UCOUNT_RLIMIT_MEMLOCK, (size + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
 	spin_unlock(&shmlock_user_lock);
-	free_uid(user);
+	put_ucounts(ucounts);
 }
diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index dc7206032387..773baa8c82ff 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -1607,7 +1607,7 @@ unsigned long ksys_mmap_pgoff(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
 			goto out_fput;
 		}
 	} else if (flags & MAP_HUGETLB) {
-		struct user_struct *user = NULL;
+		struct ucounts *ucounts = NULL;
 		struct hstate *hs;
 
 		hs = hstate_sizelog((flags >> MAP_HUGE_SHIFT) & MAP_HUGE_MASK);
@@ -1623,7 +1623,7 @@ unsigned long ksys_mmap_pgoff(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
 		 */
 		file = hugetlb_file_setup(HUGETLB_ANON_FILE, len,
 				VM_NORESERVE,
-				&user, HUGETLB_ANONHUGE_INODE,
+				&ucounts, HUGETLB_ANONHUGE_INODE,
 				(flags >> MAP_HUGE_SHIFT) & MAP_HUGE_MASK);
 		if (IS_ERR(file))
 			return PTR_ERR(file);
diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
index 7c6b6d8f6c39..efd195da364e 100644
--- a/mm/shmem.c
+++ b/mm/shmem.c
@@ -2225,7 +2225,7 @@ static struct mempolicy *shmem_get_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 }
 #endif
 
-int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, struct user_struct *user)
+int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, struct ucounts *ucounts)
 {
 	struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
 	struct shmem_inode_info *info = SHMEM_I(inode);
@@ -2237,13 +2237,13 @@ int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, struct user_struct *user)
 	 * no serialization needed when called from shm_destroy().
 	 */
 	if (lock && !(info->flags & VM_LOCKED)) {
-		if (!user_shm_lock(inode->i_size, user))
+		if (!user_shm_lock(inode->i_size, ucounts))
 			goto out_nomem;
 		info->flags |= VM_LOCKED;
 		mapping_set_unevictable(file->f_mapping);
 	}
-	if (!lock && (info->flags & VM_LOCKED) && user) {
-		user_shm_unlock(inode->i_size, user);
+	if (!lock && (info->flags & VM_LOCKED) && ucounts) {
+		user_shm_unlock(inode->i_size, ucounts);
 		info->flags &= ~VM_LOCKED;
 		mapping_clear_unevictable(file->f_mapping);
 	}
-- 
2.29.2


^ permalink raw reply related	[flat|nested] 18+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2021-02-23  5:31 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 18+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2021-02-15 12:41 [PATCH v6 0/7] Count rlimits in each user namespace Alexey Gladkov
2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 1/7] Increase size of ucounts to atomic_long_t Alexey Gladkov
2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 2/7] Add a reference to ucounts for each cred Alexey Gladkov
2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 3/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_NPROC on top of ucounts Alexey Gladkov
2021-02-21 23:38   ` Jens Axboe
2021-02-22 10:11     ` Alexey Gladkov
2021-02-22 14:09       ` Jens Axboe
2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 4/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE " Alexey Gladkov
2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 5/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_SIGPENDING " Alexey Gladkov
2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 6/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_MEMLOCK " Alexey Gladkov
2021-02-15 15:09   ` kernel test robot
2021-02-15 17:49   ` kernel test robot
2021-02-16 11:12   ` [PATCH v7 " Alexey Gladkov
2021-02-15 12:41 ` [PATCH v6 7/7] kselftests: Add test to check for rlimit changes in different user namespaces Alexey Gladkov
2021-02-21 22:20 ` [PATCH v6 0/7] Count rlimits in each user namespace Linus Torvalds
2021-02-22 10:27   ` Alexey Gladkov
2021-02-23  5:30   ` Eric W. Biederman
2021-02-22  9:56 [PATCH v7 " Alexey Gladkov
2021-02-22  9:56 ` [PATCH v7 6/7] Reimplement RLIMIT_MEMLOCK on top of ucounts Alexey Gladkov

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