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From: Pavel Begunkov <>
To: Jens Axboe <>, Andres Freund <>
Subject: Re: Buffered IO async context overhead
Date: Mon, 9 Mar 2020 23:03:52 +0300
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On 24/02/2020 18:22, Jens Axboe wrote:
> On 2/24/20 2:35 AM, Andres Freund wrote:
>> Hi,
>> On 2020-02-14 13:49:31 -0700, Jens Axboe wrote:
>>> [description of buffered write workloads being slower via io_uring
>>> than plain writes]
>>> Because I'm working on other items, I didn't read carefully enough. Yes
>>> this won't change the situation for writes. I'll take a look at this when
>>> I get time, maybe there's something we can do to improve the situation.
>> I looked a bit into this.
>> I think one issue is the spinning the workers do:
>> static int io_wqe_worker(void *data)
>> {
>> 	while (!test_bit(IO_WQ_BIT_EXIT, &wq->state)) {
>> 		set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
>> loop:
>> 		if (did_work)
>> 			io_worker_spin_for_work(wqe);
>> 		spin_lock_irq(&wqe->lock);
>> 		if (io_wqe_run_queue(wqe)) {
>> static inline void io_worker_spin_for_work(struct io_wqe *wqe)
>> {
>> 	int i = 0;
>> 	while (++i < 1000) {
>> 		if (io_wqe_run_queue(wqe))
>> 			break;
>> 		if (need_resched())
>> 			break;
>> 		cpu_relax();
>> 	}
>> }
>> even with the cpu_relax(), that causes quite a lot of cross socket
>> traffic, slowing down the submission side. Which after all frequently
>> needs to take the wqe->lock, just to be able to submit a queue
>> entry.
>> lock, work_list, flags all reside in one cacheline, so it's pretty
>> likely that a single io_wqe_enqueue would get the cacheline "stolen"
>> several times during one enqueue - without allowing any progress in the
>> worker, of course.
> Since it's provably harmful for this case, and the gain was small (but
> noticeable) on single issue cases, I think we should just kill it. With
> the poll retry stuff for 5.7, there'll be even less of a need for it.
> Care to send a patch for 5.6 to kill it?
>> I also wonder if we can't avoid dequeuing entries one-by-one within the
>> worker, at least for the IO_WQ_WORK_HASHED case. Especially when writes
>> are just hitting the page cache, they're pretty fast, making it
>> plausible to cause pretty bad contention on the spinlock (even without
>> the spining above). Whereas the submission side is at least somewhat
>> likely to be able to submit several queue entries while the worker is
>> processing one job, that's pretty unlikely for workers.
>> In the hashed case there shouldn't be another worker processing entries
>> for the same hash. So it seems quite possible for the wqe to drain a few
>> of the entries for that hash within one spinlock acquisition, and then
>> process them one-by-one?
> Yeah, I think that'd be a good optimization for hashed work. Work N+1
> can't make any progress before work N is done anyway, so might as well
> grab a batch at the time.

A problem here is that we actually have a 2D array of works because of linked

We can io_wqe_enqueue() dependant works, if have hashed requests, so delegating
it to other threads. But if the work->list is not per-core, it will hurt
locality. Either re-enqueue hashed ones if there is a dependant work. Need to
think how to do better.

Pavel Begunkov

  reply index

Thread overview: 10+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-02-14 19:50 Andres Freund
2020-02-14 20:13 ` Jens Axboe
2020-02-14 20:31   ` Andres Freund
2020-02-14 20:49     ` Jens Axboe
2020-02-24  9:35       ` Andres Freund
2020-02-24 15:22         ` Jens Axboe
2020-03-09 20:03           ` Pavel Begunkov [this message]
2020-03-09 20:41             ` Jens Axboe
2020-03-09 21:02               ` Pavel Begunkov
2020-03-09 21:29                 ` Jens Axboe

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