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From: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org>
To: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Kristen Carlson Accardi <kristen@linux.intel.com>,
	tglx@linutronix.de, mingo@redhat.com, bp@alien8.de,
	hpa@zytor.com, arjan@linux.intel.com, rick.p.edgecombe@intel.com,
	x86@kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH 10/11] module: Reorder functions
Date: Tue, 11 Feb 2020 13:39:32 +0100
Message-ID: <20200211123932.GA29598@linux-8ccs> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <202002060440.E7ED91B@keescook>

+++ Kees Cook [06/02/20 04:41 -0800]:
>On Wed, Feb 05, 2020 at 02:39:49PM -0800, Kristen Carlson Accardi wrote:
>> If a module has functions split out into separate text sections
>> (i.e. compiled with the -ffunction-sections flag), reorder the
>> functions to provide some code diversification to modules.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Kristen Carlson Accardi <kristen@linux.intel.com>
>
>Probably a good idea to add Jessica to CC in next version:
>	Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org>

Thanks :)

>Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
>
>-Kees
>
>> ---
>>  kernel/module.c | 85 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>  1 file changed, 85 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
>> index b56f3224b161..231563e95e61 100644
>> --- a/kernel/module.c
>> +++ b/kernel/module.c
>> @@ -53,6 +53,8 @@
>>  #include <linux/bsearch.h>
>>  #include <linux/dynamic_debug.h>
>>  #include <linux/audit.h>
>> +#include <linux/random.h>
>> +#include <asm/setup.h>
>>  #include <uapi/linux/module.h>
>>  #include "module-internal.h"
>>
>> @@ -3245,6 +3247,87 @@ static int find_module_sections(struct module *mod, struct load_info *info)
>>  	return 0;
>>  }
>>
>> +/*
>> + * shuffle_text_list()
>> + * Use a Fisher Yates algorithm to shuffle a list of text sections.
>> + */
>> +static void shuffle_text_list(Elf_Shdr **list, int size)
>> +{
>> +	int i;
>> +	unsigned int j;
>> +	Elf_Shdr *temp;
>> +
>> +	for (i = size - 1; i > 0; i--) {
>> +		/*
>> +		 * TBD - seed. We need to be able to use a known
>> +		 * seed so that we can non-randomly randomize for
>> +		 * debugging.
>> +		 */
>> +
>> +		// pick a random index from 0 to i
>> +		get_random_bytes(&j, sizeof(j));
>> +		j = j % (i + 1);
>> +
>> +		temp = list[i];
>> +		list[i] = list[j];
>> +		list[j] = temp;
>> +	}
>> +}
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * randomize_text()
>> + * Look through the core section looking for executable code sections.
>> + * Store sections in an array and then shuffle the sections
>> + * to reorder the functions.
>> + */
>> +static void randomize_text(struct module *mod, struct load_info *info)
>> +{
>> +	int i;
>> +	int num_text_sections = 0;
>> +	Elf_Shdr **text_list;
>> +	int size = 0;
>> +	int max_sections = info->hdr->e_shnum;
>> +	unsigned int sec = find_sec(info, ".text");
>> +
>> +	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FG_KASLR) || !kaslr_enabled())
>> +		return;

Maybe put this conditional before the call to randomize_text() in
move_module()? Just for code readability reasons (i.e., we only call
randomize_text() when CONFIG_FG_KASLR || kaslr_enabled()). But this is
just a matter of preference.

>> +
>> +	if (sec == 0)
>> +		return;
>> +
>> +	text_list = kmalloc_array(max_sections, sizeof(*text_list), GFP_KERNEL);
>> +	if (text_list == NULL)
>> +		return;
>> +
>> +	for (i = 0; i < max_sections; i++) {
>> +		Elf_Shdr *shdr = &info->sechdrs[i];
>> +		const char *sname = info->secstrings + shdr->sh_name;
>> +
>> +		if (!(shdr->sh_flags & SHF_ALLOC) ||
>> +		    !(shdr->sh_flags & SHF_EXECINSTR) ||
>> +		    strstarts(sname, ".init"))
>> +			continue;
>> +
>> +		text_list[num_text_sections] = shdr;
>> +		num_text_sections++;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	shuffle_text_list(text_list, num_text_sections);
>> +
>> +	for (i = 0; i < num_text_sections; i++) {
>> +		Elf_Shdr *shdr = text_list[i];
>> +		unsigned int infosec;
>> +		const char *sname;
>> +
>> +		sname = info->secstrings + shdr->sh_name;

sname doesn't appear to be used after this (?)

>> +		infosec	= shdr->sh_info;
>> +
>> +		shdr->sh_entsize = get_offset(mod, &size, shdr, infosec);

get_offset() expects a section index as the last argument, but sh_info
is 0 for text sections (SHT_PROGBITS). It's really only used in
arch_mod_section_prepend() though, which is only defined for parisc.
We could perhaps save the section index in sh_info in the previous for
loop (hacky, I have to double check if this is actually safe, but it
seems sh_info only has signficance for SHT_REL* and SHT_SYMTAB
sections).

>> +	}
>> +
>> +	kfree(text_list);
>> +}
>> +
>>  static int move_module(struct module *mod, struct load_info *info)
>>  {
>>  	int i;
>> @@ -3282,6 +3365,8 @@ static int move_module(struct module *mod, struct load_info *info)
>>  	} else
>>  		mod->init_layout.base = NULL;
>>
>> +	randomize_text(mod, info);

Hm, I wonder if we should not incorporate the randomize_text() logic into
layout_sections() instead of move_module(), since logically speaking
layout_sections() determines all the section offsets and stores them
in sh_entsize, whereas move_module() does all the allocations and
copying to final destination. Just a thought.


Thanks!

Jessica

  reply index

Thread overview: 73+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-02-05 22:39 [RFC PATCH 00/11] Finer grained kernel address space randomization Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 01/11] modpost: Support >64K sections Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 12:38   ` Kees Cook
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 02/11] x86: tools/relocs: Support >64K section headers Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 12:39   ` Kees Cook
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 03/11] x86/boot: Allow a "silent" kaslr random byte fetch Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06  1:08   ` Andy Lutomirski
2020-02-06 11:48     ` Kees Cook
2020-02-06 16:58     ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 04/11] x86/boot/KASLR: Introduce PRNG for faster shuffling Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06  1:11   ` Andy Lutomirski
2020-02-06 15:10   ` Jason A. Donenfeld
2020-02-07  7:23     ` Jean-Philippe Aumasson
2020-02-07  9:05       ` Kees Cook
2020-02-07 16:52         ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 05/11] x86: Makefile: Add build and config option for CONFIG_FG_KASLR Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 10:30   ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-02-06 11:52     ` Kees Cook
2020-02-25 17:55   ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-26 19:13     ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-03-24 21:24     ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-03-25 15:34       ` Kees Cook
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 06/11] x86: make sure _etext includes function sections Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 12:26   ` Kees Cook
2020-02-06 13:15     ` Jann Horn
2020-02-06 16:27       ` David Laight
2020-02-06 14:39     ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-06 15:29       ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-06 16:11         ` Andy Lutomirski
2020-02-06 14:57     ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-06 15:45       ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-06 19:41     ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 20:02       ` Andy Lutomirski
2020-02-07  9:24         ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-02-10  1:43           ` Kees Cook
2020-02-10 10:51             ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-02-10 15:54               ` Arjan van de Ven
2020-02-10 16:36                 ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-21 19:50                   ` Josh Poimboeuf
2020-02-21 23:05                     ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 07/11] x86/tools: Adding relative relocs for randomized functions Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 12:37   ` Kees Cook
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 08/11] x86: Add support for finer grained KASLR Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06  1:17   ` Andy Lutomirski
2020-02-06 11:56     ` Kees Cook
2020-02-06 17:36       ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 10:38   ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-02-06 12:06     ` Kees Cook
2020-02-06 14:52       ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-02-06 17:25         ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 17:35           ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-02-06 17:43             ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-25 17:49   ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-26 19:26     ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 09/11] kallsyms: hide layout and expose seed Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 12:32   ` Kees Cook
2020-02-06 17:51     ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 19:27       ` Jann Horn
2020-03-02 19:01         ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-03-02 19:08           ` Kees Cook
2020-03-02 19:19             ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-27  2:42       ` Baoquan He
2020-02-27 16:02         ` Kees Cook
2020-02-28  3:36           ` Baoquan He
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 10/11] module: Reorder functions Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 12:41   ` Kees Cook
2020-02-11 12:39     ` Jessica Yu [this message]
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 11/11] x86/boot: Move "boot heap" out of .bss Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06  0:11   ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-06  0:33     ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 11:13     ` Kees Cook
2020-02-06 14:25       ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-06 21:32         ` Kees Cook

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