Kernel-hardening archive on lore.kernel.org
 help / color / Atom feed
From: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
To: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>,
	Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@mellanox.com>,
	Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>,
	Hector Marco-Gisbert <hecmargi@upv.es>,
	Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>,
	Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>,
	Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>, Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>,
	x86@kernel.org, linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org,
	kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v5 4/6] arm32/64, elf: Add tables to document READ_IMPLIES_EXEC
Date: Thu, 26 Mar 2020 23:48:18 -0700
Message-ID: <20200327064820.12602-5-keescook@chromium.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200327064820.12602-1-keescook@chromium.org>

Add tables to document the current behavior of READ_IMPLIES_EXEC in
preparation for changing the behavior for both arm64 and arm.

Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Reviewed-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@mellanox.com>
Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
---
 arch/arm/kernel/elf.c        | 24 +++++++++++++++++++++---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 41 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/elf.c b/arch/arm/kernel/elf.c
index 182422981386..5ccd4aced6cc 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/elf.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/elf.c
@@ -78,9 +78,27 @@ void elf_set_personality(const struct elf32_hdr *x)
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(elf_set_personality);
 
 /*
- * Set READ_IMPLIES_EXEC if:
- *  - the binary requires an executable stack
- *  - we're running on a CPU which doesn't support NX.
+ * An executable for which elf_read_implies_exec() returns TRUE will
+ * have the READ_IMPLIES_EXEC personality flag set automatically.
+ *
+ * The decision process for determining the results are:
+ *
+ *                 CPU: | lacks NX*  | has NX     |
+ * ELF:                 |            |            |
+ * ---------------------|------------|------------|
+ * missing PT_GNU_STACK | exec-all   | exec-all   |
+ * PT_GNU_STACK == RWX  | exec-all   | exec-all   |
+ * PT_GNU_STACK == RW   | exec-all   | exec-none  |
+ *
+ *  exec-all  : all PROT_READ user mappings are executable, except when
+ *              backed by files on a noexec-filesystem.
+ *  exec-none : only PROT_EXEC user mappings are executable.
+ *
+ *  *this column has no architectural effect: NX markings are ignored by
+ *   hardware, but may have behavioral effects when "wants X" collides with
+ *   "cannot be X" constraints in memory permission flags, as in
+ *   https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190418055759.GA3155@mellanox.com
+ *
  */
 int arm_elf_read_implies_exec(int executable_stack)
 {
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h
index b618017205a3..986ecf41fc0f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h
@@ -96,6 +96,26 @@
  */
 #define elf_check_arch(x)		((x)->e_machine == EM_AARCH64)
 
+/*
+ * An executable for which elf_read_implies_exec() returns TRUE will
+ * have the READ_IMPLIES_EXEC personality flag set automatically.
+ *
+ * The decision process for determining the results are:
+ *
+ *                CPU*: | arm32      | arm64      |
+ * ELF:                 |            |            |
+ * ---------------------|------------|------------|
+ * missing PT_GNU_STACK | exec-all   | exec-all   |
+ * PT_GNU_STACK == RWX  | exec-all   | exec-all   |
+ * PT_GNU_STACK == RW   | exec-none  | exec-none  |
+ *
+ *  exec-all  : all PROT_READ user mappings are executable, except when
+ *              backed by files on a noexec-filesystem.
+ *  exec-none : only PROT_EXEC user mappings are executable.
+ *
+ *  *all arm64 CPUs support NX, so there is no "lacks NX" column.
+ *
+ */
 #define elf_read_implies_exec(ex,stk)	(stk != EXSTACK_DISABLE_X)
 
 #define CORE_DUMP_USE_REGSET
-- 
2.20.1


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 7+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-03-27  6:48 [PATCH v5 0/6] binfmt_elf: Update READ_IMPLIES_EXEC logic for modern CPUs Kees Cook
2020-03-27  6:48 ` [PATCH v5 1/6] x86/elf: Add table to document READ_IMPLIES_EXEC Kees Cook
2020-03-27  6:48 ` [PATCH v5 2/6] x86/elf: Split READ_IMPLIES_EXEC from executable PT_GNU_STACK Kees Cook
2020-03-27  6:48 ` [PATCH v5 3/6] x86/elf: Disable automatic READ_IMPLIES_EXEC for 64-bit address spaces Kees Cook
2020-03-27  6:48 ` Kees Cook [this message]
2020-03-27  6:48 ` [PATCH v5 5/6] arm32/64, elf: Split READ_IMPLIES_EXEC from executable PT_GNU_STACK Kees Cook
2020-03-27  6:48 ` [PATCH v5 6/6] arm64, elf: Disable automatic READ_IMPLIES_EXEC for 64-bit address spaces Kees Cook

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=20200327064820.12602-5-keescook@chromium.org \
    --to=keescook@chromium.org \
    --cc=bp@alien8.de \
    --cc=catalin.marinas@arm.com \
    --cc=hecmargi@upv.es \
    --cc=jannh@google.com \
    --cc=jgg@mellanox.com \
    --cc=jgg@ziepe.ca \
    --cc=kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com \
    --cc=linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux@armlinux.org.uk \
    --cc=will@kernel.org \
    --cc=x86@kernel.org \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

Kernel-hardening archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/kernel-hardening/0 kernel-hardening/git/0.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 kernel-hardening kernel-hardening/ https://lore.kernel.org/kernel-hardening \
		kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com
	public-inbox-index kernel-hardening

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/com.openwall.lists.kernel-hardening


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git