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From: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
To: Kristen Carlson Accardi <kristen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: tglx@linutronix.de, mingo@redhat.com, bp@alien8.de,
	hpa@zytor.com, arjan@linux.intel.com, keescook@chromium.org,
	rick.p.edgecombe@intel.com, x86@kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH 04/11] x86/boot/KASLR: Introduce PRNG for faster shuffling
Date: Wed, 5 Feb 2020 17:11:11 -0800
Message-ID: <487F8A1B-3FBC-4A0E-B6EC-5FE0F70D18DD@amacapital.net> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200205223950.1212394-5-kristen@linux.intel.com>



> On Feb 5, 2020, at 2:39 PM, Kristen Carlson Accardi <kristen@linux.intel.com> wrote:
> 
> From: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
> 
> This *might* improve shuffling speed at boot. Possibly only marginally.
> This has not yet been tested, and would need to have some performance
> tests run to determine if it helps before merging.

Ugh, don’t do this. Use a real DRBG.  Someone is going to break the construction in your patch just to prove they can.

ChaCha20 is a good bet.

> 
> (notes from Kristen) - initial performance tests suggest that any
> improvement is indeed marginal. However, this code is useful
> for using a known seed.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
> Signed-off-by: Kristen Carlson Accardi <kristen@linux.intel.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c |  4 +--
> arch/x86/include/asm/kaslr.h     |  3 +-
> arch/x86/lib/kaslr.c             | 50 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> arch/x86/mm/init.c               |  2 +-
> arch/x86/mm/kaslr.c              |  2 +-
> 5 files changed, 55 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c
> index d7408af55738..ae4dce76a9bd 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c
> @@ -598,7 +598,7 @@ static unsigned long slots_fetch_random(void)
>    if (slot_max == 0)
>        return 0;
> 
> -    slot = kaslr_get_random_long("Physical") % slot_max;
> +    slot = kaslr_get_random_seed("Physical") % slot_max;
> 
>    for (i = 0; i < slot_area_index; i++) {
>        if (slot >= slot_areas[i].num) {
> @@ -880,7 +880,7 @@ static unsigned long find_random_virt_addr(unsigned long minimum,
>    slots = (KERNEL_IMAGE_SIZE - minimum - image_size) /
>         CONFIG_PHYSICAL_ALIGN + 1;
> 
> -    random_addr = kaslr_get_random_long("Virtual") % slots;
> +    random_addr = kaslr_get_random_seed("Virtual") % slots;
> 
>    return random_addr * CONFIG_PHYSICAL_ALIGN + minimum;
> }
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kaslr.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kaslr.h
> index db7ba2feb947..47d5b25e5b11 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kaslr.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kaslr.h
> @@ -2,7 +2,8 @@
> #ifndef _ASM_KASLR_H_
> #define _ASM_KASLR_H_
> 
> -unsigned long kaslr_get_random_long(const char *purpose);
> +unsigned long kaslr_get_random_seed(const char *purpose);
> +unsigned long kaslr_get_prandom_long(void);
> 
> #ifdef CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_MEMORY
> void kernel_randomize_memory(void);
> diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/kaslr.c b/arch/x86/lib/kaslr.c
> index 2b3eb8c948a3..41b5610855a3 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/lib/kaslr.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/lib/kaslr.c
> @@ -46,7 +46,7 @@ static inline u16 i8254(void)
>    return timer;
> }
> 
> -unsigned long kaslr_get_random_long(const char *purpose)
> +unsigned long kaslr_get_random_seed(const char *purpose)
> {
> #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
>    const unsigned long mix_const = 0x5d6008cbf3848dd3UL;
> @@ -96,3 +96,51 @@ unsigned long kaslr_get_random_long(const char *purpose)
> 
>    return random;
> }
> +
> +/*
> + * 64bit variant of Bob Jenkins' public domain PRNG
> + * 256 bits of internal state
> + */
> +struct prng_state {
> +    u64 a, b, c, d;
> +};
> +
> +static struct prng_state state;
> +static bool initialized;
> +
> +#define rot(x, k) (((x)<<(k))|((x)>>(64-(k))))
> +static u64 prng_u64(struct prng_state *x)
> +{
> +    u64 e;
> +
> +    e = x->a - rot(x->b, 7);
> +    x->a = x->b ^ rot(x->c, 13);
> +    x->b = x->c + rot(x->d, 37);
> +    x->c = x->d + e;
> +    x->d = e + x->a;
> +
> +    return x->d;
> +}
> +
> +static void prng_init(struct prng_state *state)
> +{
> +    int i;
> +
> +    state->a = kaslr_get_random_seed(NULL);
> +    state->b = kaslr_get_random_seed(NULL);
> +    state->c = kaslr_get_random_seed(NULL);
> +    state->d = kaslr_get_random_seed(NULL);
> +
> +    for (i = 0; i < 30; ++i)
> +        (void)prng_u64(state);
> +
> +    initialized = true;
> +}
> +
> +unsigned long kaslr_get_prandom_long(void)
> +{
> +    if (!initialized)
> +        prng_init(&state);
> +
> +    return prng_u64(&state);
> +}
> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init.c b/arch/x86/mm/init.c
> index e7bb483557c9..c974dbab2293 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/mm/init.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/init.c
> @@ -722,7 +722,7 @@ void __init poking_init(void)
>     */
>    poking_addr = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE;
>    if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE))
> -        poking_addr += (kaslr_get_random_long("Poking") & PAGE_MASK) %
> +        poking_addr += (kaslr_get_random_seed("Poking") & PAGE_MASK) %
>            (TASK_SIZE - TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE - 3 * PAGE_SIZE);
> 
>    if (((poking_addr + PAGE_SIZE) & ~PMD_MASK) == 0)
> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/kaslr.c b/arch/x86/mm/kaslr.c
> index dc6182eecefa..b30bd1db7543 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/mm/kaslr.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/kaslr.c
> @@ -123,7 +123,7 @@ void __init kernel_randomize_memory(void)
>    for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(kaslr_regions); i++)
>        remain_entropy -= get_padding(&kaslr_regions[i]);
> 
> -    prandom_seed_state(&rand_state, kaslr_get_random_long("Memory"));
> +    prandom_seed_state(&rand_state, kaslr_get_random_seed("Memory"));
> 
>    for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(kaslr_regions); i++) {
>        unsigned long entropy;
> -- 
> 2.24.1
> 

  reply index

Thread overview: 73+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-02-05 22:39 [RFC PATCH 00/11] Finer grained kernel address space randomization Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 01/11] modpost: Support >64K sections Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 12:38   ` Kees Cook
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 02/11] x86: tools/relocs: Support >64K section headers Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 12:39   ` Kees Cook
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 03/11] x86/boot: Allow a "silent" kaslr random byte fetch Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06  1:08   ` Andy Lutomirski
2020-02-06 11:48     ` Kees Cook
2020-02-06 16:58     ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 04/11] x86/boot/KASLR: Introduce PRNG for faster shuffling Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06  1:11   ` Andy Lutomirski [this message]
2020-02-06 15:10   ` Jason A. Donenfeld
2020-02-07  7:23     ` Jean-Philippe Aumasson
2020-02-07  9:05       ` Kees Cook
2020-02-07 16:52         ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 05/11] x86: Makefile: Add build and config option for CONFIG_FG_KASLR Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 10:30   ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-02-06 11:52     ` Kees Cook
2020-02-25 17:55   ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-26 19:13     ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-03-24 21:24     ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-03-25 15:34       ` Kees Cook
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 06/11] x86: make sure _etext includes function sections Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 12:26   ` Kees Cook
2020-02-06 13:15     ` Jann Horn
2020-02-06 16:27       ` David Laight
2020-02-06 14:39     ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-06 15:29       ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-06 16:11         ` Andy Lutomirski
2020-02-06 14:57     ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-06 15:45       ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-06 19:41     ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 20:02       ` Andy Lutomirski
2020-02-07  9:24         ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-02-10  1:43           ` Kees Cook
2020-02-10 10:51             ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-02-10 15:54               ` Arjan van de Ven
2020-02-10 16:36                 ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-21 19:50                   ` Josh Poimboeuf
2020-02-21 23:05                     ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 07/11] x86/tools: Adding relative relocs for randomized functions Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 12:37   ` Kees Cook
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 08/11] x86: Add support for finer grained KASLR Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06  1:17   ` Andy Lutomirski
2020-02-06 11:56     ` Kees Cook
2020-02-06 17:36       ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 10:38   ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-02-06 12:06     ` Kees Cook
2020-02-06 14:52       ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-02-06 17:25         ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 17:35           ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-02-06 17:43             ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-25 17:49   ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-26 19:26     ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 09/11] kallsyms: hide layout and expose seed Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 12:32   ` Kees Cook
2020-02-06 17:51     ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 19:27       ` Jann Horn
2020-03-02 19:01         ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-03-02 19:08           ` Kees Cook
2020-03-02 19:19             ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-27  2:42       ` Baoquan He
2020-02-27 16:02         ` Kees Cook
2020-02-28  3:36           ` Baoquan He
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 10/11] module: Reorder functions Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 12:41   ` Kees Cook
2020-02-11 12:39     ` Jessica Yu
2020-02-05 22:39 ` [RFC PATCH 11/11] x86/boot: Move "boot heap" out of .bss Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06  0:11   ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-06  0:33     ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-02-06 11:13     ` Kees Cook
2020-02-06 14:25       ` Arvind Sankar
2020-02-06 21:32         ` Kees Cook

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