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From: "Valdis Klētnieks" <valdis.kletnieks@vt.edu>
To: Theodore Dubois <tbodt@google.com>
Cc: kernelnewbies@kernelnewbies.org, a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: perf_event wakeup_events = 0
Date: Sat, 07 Sep 2019 18:45:31 -0400
Message-ID: <972489.1567896331@turing-police> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <123C743E-C322-45DB-8796-BF6B6EE9CA80@google.com>

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On Sat, 07 Sep 2019 09:14:49 -0700, Theodore Dubois said:

Reading what it actually says rather than what I thought it said.. :)

       Events come in two flavors: counting and sampled.  A counting event  is
       one  that  is  used  for  counting  the aggregate number of events that
       occur.  In general, counting event results are gathered with a  read(2)
       call.   A  sampling  event periodically writes measurements to a buffer
       that can then be accessed via mmap(2).

For some reason, I was thinking counting events.  -ENOCAFFEINE. :)

> sample_freq is 4000 (and freq is 1). Here’s the man page on this field:
>
>        sample_period, sample_freq
>               A "sampling" event is one that generates an  overflow  notifica‐
>               tion  every N events, where N is given by sample_period.  A sam‐
>               pling event has sample_period > 0.

There's this part:
>               pling event has sample_period > 0.   When  an  overflow  occurs,
>               requested  data is recorded in the mmap buffer.  The sample_type
>               field controls what data is recorded on each overflow.

So an entry is made in the buffer. It's not clear that this immediately triggers
a signal...

   MMAP layout
       When using perf_event_open() in sampled mode, asynchronous events (like
       counter overflow or PROT_EXEC mmap tracking) are logged  into  a  ring-
       buffer.  This ring-buffer is created and accessed through mmap(2).

       The mmap size should be 1+2^n pages, where the first page is a metadata
       page (struct perf_event_mmap_page) that contains various bits of infor?
       mation such as where the ring-buffer head is.

So you need to look at what size mmap buffer is being allocated.  It's *probably*
on the order of megabytes, so that you can buffer a fairly large number of entries
and not take several user/kernel transitions on every single entry...

> If I’m reading this right, this is a sampling event which overflows 4000 times a second.

And 4,000 entries are made in the buffer per second..

> But perf then does a poll call which wakes up on this FD with POLLIN after
> 1.637 seconds, instead of 0.00025 seconds

At which point perf goes and looks at several thousand entries in the ring buffer...

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Thread overview: 6+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-09-06 23:28 Theodore Dubois
2019-09-07 13:40 ` Valdis Klētnieks
2019-09-07 16:14   ` Theodore Dubois
2019-09-07 22:00     ` Valdis Klētnieks
2019-09-07 22:45     ` Valdis Klētnieks [this message]
2019-09-07 23:27       ` Theodore Dubois

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