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From: Wanpeng Li <kernellwp@gmail.com>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, kvm@vger.kernel.org
Cc: "Paolo Bonzini" <pbonzini@redhat.com>,
	"Radim Krčmář" <rkrcmar@redhat.com>,
	"Marcelo Tosatti" <mtosatti@redhat.com>
Subject: [PATCH v4 2/5] KVM: LAPIC: inject lapic timer interrupt by posted interrupt
Date: Mon, 17 Jun 2019 19:24:44 +0800
Message-ID: <1560770687-23227-3-git-send-email-wanpengli@tencent.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1560770687-23227-1-git-send-email-wanpengli@tencent.com>

From: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>

Dedicated instances are currently disturbed by unnecessary jitter due 
to the emulated lapic timers fire on the same pCPUs which vCPUs resident.
There is no hardware virtual timer on Intel for guest like ARM. Both 
programming timer in guest and the emulated timer fires incur vmexits.
This patch tries to avoid vmexit which is incurred by the emulated 
timer fires in dedicated instance scenario. 

When nohz_full is enabled in dedicated instances scenario, the emulated 
timers can be offload to the nearest busy housekeeping cpus since APICv 
is really common in recent years. The guest timer interrupt is injected 
by posted-interrupt which is delivered by housekeeping cpu once the emulated 
timer fires. 

The host admin should fine tuned, e.g. dedicated instances scenario w/ 
nohz_full cover the pCPUs which vCPUs resident, several pCPUs surplus 
for busy housekeeping, disable mwait/hlt/pause vmexits to keep in non-root  
mode, ~3% redis performance benefit can be observed on Skylake server.

w/o patch:

            VM-EXIT  Samples  Samples%  Time%   Min Time  Max Time   Avg time

EXTERNAL_INTERRUPT    42916    49.43%   39.30%   0.47us   106.09us   0.71us ( +-   1.09% )

w/ patch:

            VM-EXIT  Samples  Samples%  Time%   Min Time  Max Time         Avg time

EXTERNAL_INTERRUPT    6871     9.29%     2.96%   0.44us    57.88us   0.72us ( +-   4.02% )

Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Radim Krčmář <rkrcmar@redhat.com>
Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>
---
 arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c            | 33 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h            |  1 +
 arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c          |  3 ++-
 arch/x86/kvm/x86.c              |  5 +++++
 arch/x86/kvm/x86.h              |  2 ++
 include/linux/sched/isolation.h |  2 ++
 kernel/sched/isolation.c        |  6 ++++++
 7 files changed, 44 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
index 87ecb56..9ceeee5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
@@ -122,6 +122,13 @@ static inline u32 kvm_x2apic_id(struct kvm_lapic *apic)
 	return apic->vcpu->vcpu_id;
 }
 
+bool posted_interrupt_inject_timer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+	return pi_inject_timer && kvm_vcpu_apicv_active(vcpu) &&
+		kvm_hlt_in_guest(vcpu->kvm);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(posted_interrupt_inject_timer);
+
 static inline bool kvm_apic_map_get_logical_dest(struct kvm_apic_map *map,
 		u32 dest_id, struct kvm_lapic ***cluster, u16 *mask) {
 	switch (map->mode) {
@@ -1432,6 +1439,19 @@ static void apic_update_lvtt(struct kvm_lapic *apic)
 	}
 }
 
+static void kvm_apic_inject_pending_timer_irqs(struct kvm_lapic *apic)
+{
+	struct kvm_timer *ktimer = &apic->lapic_timer;
+
+	kvm_apic_local_deliver(apic, APIC_LVTT);
+	if (apic_lvtt_tscdeadline(apic))
+		ktimer->tscdeadline = 0;
+	if (apic_lvtt_oneshot(apic)) {
+		ktimer->tscdeadline = 0;
+		ktimer->target_expiration = 0;
+	}
+}
+
 static void apic_timer_expired(struct kvm_lapic *apic)
 {
 	struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu = apic->vcpu;
@@ -1441,6 +1461,11 @@ static void apic_timer_expired(struct kvm_lapic *apic)
 	if (atomic_read(&apic->lapic_timer.pending))
 		return;
 
+	if (posted_interrupt_inject_timer(apic->vcpu)) {
+		kvm_apic_inject_pending_timer_irqs(apic);
+		return;
+	}
+
 	atomic_inc(&apic->lapic_timer.pending);
 	kvm_set_pending_timer(vcpu);
 
@@ -2373,13 +2398,7 @@ void kvm_inject_apic_timer_irqs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 	struct kvm_lapic *apic = vcpu->arch.apic;
 
 	if (atomic_read(&apic->lapic_timer.pending) > 0) {
-		kvm_apic_local_deliver(apic, APIC_LVTT);
-		if (apic_lvtt_tscdeadline(apic))
-			apic->lapic_timer.tscdeadline = 0;
-		if (apic_lvtt_oneshot(apic)) {
-			apic->lapic_timer.tscdeadline = 0;
-			apic->lapic_timer.target_expiration = 0;
-		}
+		kvm_apic_inject_pending_timer_irqs(apic);
 		atomic_set(&apic->lapic_timer.pending, 0);
 	}
 }
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h
index 3674717..e41936b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h
@@ -236,6 +236,7 @@ void kvm_lapic_switch_to_hv_timer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
 void kvm_lapic_expired_hv_timer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
 bool kvm_lapic_hv_timer_in_use(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
 void kvm_lapic_restart_hv_timer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
+bool posted_interrupt_inject_timer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
 
 static inline enum lapic_mode kvm_apic_mode(u64 apic_base)
 {
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
index 8fbea03..f45c51e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
@@ -7059,7 +7059,8 @@ static int vmx_set_hv_timer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 guest_deadline_tsc,
 	u64 tscl, guest_tscl, delta_tsc, lapic_timer_advance_cycles;
 	struct kvm_timer *ktimer = &vcpu->arch.apic->lapic_timer;
 
-	if (kvm_mwait_in_guest(vcpu->kvm))
+	if (kvm_mwait_in_guest(vcpu->kvm) ||
+		posted_interrupt_inject_timer(vcpu))
 		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
 
 	vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index 9450a16..dae18f7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -54,6 +54,7 @@
 #include <linux/kvm_irqfd.h>
 #include <linux/irqbypass.h>
 #include <linux/sched/stat.h>
+#include <linux/sched/isolation.h>
 #include <linux/mem_encrypt.h>
 
 #include <trace/events/kvm.h>
@@ -155,6 +156,9 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(enable_vmware_backdoor);
 static bool __read_mostly force_emulation_prefix = false;
 module_param(force_emulation_prefix, bool, S_IRUGO);
 
+bool __read_mostly pi_inject_timer = 0;
+module_param(pi_inject_timer, bool, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
+
 #define KVM_NR_SHARED_MSRS 16
 
 struct kvm_shared_msrs_global {
@@ -7032,6 +7036,7 @@ int kvm_arch_init(void *opaque)
 		host_xcr0 = xgetbv(XCR_XFEATURE_ENABLED_MASK);
 
 	kvm_lapic_init();
+	pi_inject_timer = housekeeping_enabled(HK_FLAG_TIMER);
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
 	pvclock_gtod_register_notifier(&pvclock_gtod_notifier);
 
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h
index e08a128..10b26f4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h
@@ -301,6 +301,8 @@ extern unsigned int min_timer_period_us;
 
 extern bool enable_vmware_backdoor;
 
+extern bool pi_inject_timer;
+
 extern struct static_key kvm_no_apic_vcpu;
 
 static inline u64 nsec_to_cycles(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 nsec)
diff --git a/include/linux/sched/isolation.h b/include/linux/sched/isolation.h
index b0fb144..6fc5407 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/isolation.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/isolation.h
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@ enum hk_flags {
 DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(housekeeping_overridden);
 extern int housekeeping_any_cpu(enum hk_flags flags);
 extern const struct cpumask *housekeeping_cpumask(enum hk_flags flags);
+extern bool housekeeping_enabled(enum hk_flags flags);
 extern void housekeeping_affine(struct task_struct *t, enum hk_flags flags);
 extern bool housekeeping_test_cpu(int cpu, enum hk_flags flags);
 extern void __init housekeeping_init(void);
@@ -38,6 +39,7 @@ static inline const struct cpumask *housekeeping_cpumask(enum hk_flags flags)
 static inline void housekeeping_affine(struct task_struct *t,
 				       enum hk_flags flags) { }
 static inline void housekeeping_init(void) { }
+static inline bool housekeeping_enabled(enum hk_flags flags) { }
 #endif /* CONFIG_CPU_ISOLATION */
 
 static inline bool housekeeping_cpu(int cpu, enum hk_flags flags)
diff --git a/kernel/sched/isolation.c b/kernel/sched/isolation.c
index 123ea07..ccb2808 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/isolation.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/isolation.c
@@ -14,6 +14,12 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(housekeeping_overridden);
 static cpumask_var_t housekeeping_mask;
 static unsigned int housekeeping_flags;
 
+bool housekeeping_enabled(enum hk_flags flags)
+{
+	return !!(housekeeping_flags & flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(housekeeping_enabled);
+
 int housekeeping_any_cpu(enum hk_flags flags)
 {
 	if (static_branch_unlikely(&housekeeping_overridden))
-- 
2.7.4


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 23+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-06-17 11:24 [PATCH v4 0/5] KVM: LAPIC: Implement Exitless Timer Wanpeng Li
2019-06-17 11:24 ` [PATCH v4 1/5] KVM: LAPIC: Make lapic timer unpinned Wanpeng Li
2019-06-17 11:48   ` Peter Xu
2019-06-18  0:38     ` Wanpeng Li
2019-06-17 11:24 ` Wanpeng Li [this message]
2019-06-18 13:35   ` [PATCH v4 2/5] KVM: LAPIC: inject lapic timer interrupt by posted interrupt Marcelo Tosatti
2019-06-19  0:36     ` Wanpeng Li
2019-06-19 21:03       ` Marcelo Tosatti
2019-06-20  0:52         ` Wanpeng Li
2019-06-21  1:42         ` Wanpeng Li
2019-06-21 21:42           ` Marcelo Tosatti
2019-06-24  8:53             ` Wanpeng Li
2019-06-25 19:00               ` Marcelo Tosatti
2019-06-26 11:02                 ` Wanpeng Li
2019-06-26 16:44                   ` Marcelo Tosatti
2019-06-28  8:26                     ` Wanpeng Li
2019-06-25 17:02             ` Paolo Bonzini
2019-06-17 11:24 ` [PATCH v4 3/5] KVM: LAPIC: Ignore timer migration when lapic timer is injected by pi Wanpeng Li
2019-06-17 11:24 ` [PATCH v4 4/5] KVM: LAPIC: Don't posted inject already-expired timer Wanpeng Li
2019-06-17 11:24 ` [PATCH v4 5/5] KVM: LAPIC: add advance timer support to pi_inject_timer Wanpeng Li
2019-06-17 21:32   ` Radim Krčmář
2019-06-18  0:44     ` Wanpeng Li
2019-06-18  0:57       ` Wanpeng Li

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