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* [RFC PATCH 0/4] mdev based hardware virtio offloading support
@ 2019-09-10  8:19 Jason Wang
  2019-09-10  8:19 ` [RFC PATCH 1/4] vringh: fix copy direction of vringh_iov_push_kern() Jason Wang
                   ` (3 more replies)
  0 siblings, 4 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Jason Wang @ 2019-09-10  8:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: mst, jasowang, kvm, virtualization, netdev
  Cc: linux-kernel, kwankhede, alex.williamson, cohuck, tiwei.bie,
	maxime.coquelin, cunming.liang, zhihong.wang, rob.miller, idos,
	xiao.w.wang, haotian.wang

Hi all:

There are hardware that can do virtio datapath offloading while having
its own control path. This path tries to implement a mdev based
unified API to support using kernel virtio driver to drive those
devices. This is done by introducing a new mdev transport for virtio
(virtio_mdev) and register itself as a new kind of mdev driver. Then
it provides a unified way for kernel virtio driver to talk with mdev
device implementation.

Though the series only contain kernel driver support, the goal is to
make the transport generic enough to support userspace drivers. This
means vhost-mdev[1] could be built on top as well by resuing the
transport.

A sample driver is also implemented which simulate a virito-net
loopback ethernet device on top of vringh + workqueue. This could be
used as a reference implementation for real hardware driver.

Notes:

- Some of the key transport command for vhost-mdev(userspace driver)
  is not introduced. This includes:
  1) set/get virtqueue state (idx etc), this could be simply done by
     introducing new transport command
  2) dirty pages tracking, could be simply done by introducing new
     transport command
  3) set/get device internal state, this requires more thought, of
     course we can introduce device specific transport command, but it
     would be better to have a unified API
- Current mdev_parent_ops assumes all pointers are userspace pointer,
  this block the kernel driver, this series just abuse those as kernel
  pointer and this could be addressed by inventing new parent_ops.
- For quick POC, mdev transport was just derived from virtio-MMIO,
  I'm pretty sure it has lots of space to be optimized, please share
  your thought.

Please review.

[1] https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/8/28/35

Jason Wang (4):
  vringh: fix copy direction of vringh_iov_push_kern()
  mdev: introduce helper to set per device dma ops
  virtio: introudce a mdev based transport
  docs: Sample driver to demonstrate how to implement virtio-mdev
    framework

 drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig        |   7 +
 drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile       |   1 +
 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c    |   7 +
 drivers/vfio/mdev/virtio_mdev.c  | 500 ++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/vhost/vringh.c           |   8 +-
 include/linux/mdev.h             |   2 +
 include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h | 131 ++++++
 samples/Kconfig                  |   7 +
 samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile       |   1 +
 samples/vfio-mdev/mvnet.c        | 766 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 10 files changed, 1429 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/virtio_mdev.c
 create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h
 create mode 100644 samples/vfio-mdev/mvnet.c

-- 
2.19.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [RFC PATCH 1/4] vringh: fix copy direction of vringh_iov_push_kern()
  2019-09-10  8:19 [RFC PATCH 0/4] mdev based hardware virtio offloading support Jason Wang
@ 2019-09-10  8:19 ` Jason Wang
  2019-09-10  8:19 ` [RFC PATCH 2/4] mdev: introduce helper to set per device dma ops Jason Wang
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Jason Wang @ 2019-09-10  8:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: mst, jasowang, kvm, virtualization, netdev
  Cc: linux-kernel, kwankhede, alex.williamson, cohuck, tiwei.bie,
	maxime.coquelin, cunming.liang, zhihong.wang, rob.miller, idos,
	xiao.w.wang, haotian.wang

We want to copy from iov to buf, so the direction was wrong.

Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
---
 drivers/vhost/vringh.c | 8 +++++++-
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vhost/vringh.c b/drivers/vhost/vringh.c
index 08ad0d1f0476..a0a2d74967ef 100644
--- a/drivers/vhost/vringh.c
+++ b/drivers/vhost/vringh.c
@@ -852,6 +852,12 @@ static inline int xfer_kern(void *src, void *dst, size_t len)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static inline int kern_xfer(void *dst, void *src, size_t len)
+{
+	memcpy(dst, src, len);
+	return 0;
+}
+
 /**
  * vringh_init_kern - initialize a vringh for a kernelspace vring.
  * @vrh: the vringh to initialize.
@@ -958,7 +964,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(vringh_iov_pull_kern);
 ssize_t vringh_iov_push_kern(struct vringh_kiov *wiov,
 			     const void *src, size_t len)
 {
-	return vringh_iov_xfer(wiov, (void *)src, len, xfer_kern);
+	return vringh_iov_xfer(wiov, (void *)src, len, kern_xfer);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(vringh_iov_push_kern);
 
-- 
2.19.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [RFC PATCH 2/4] mdev: introduce helper to set per device dma ops
  2019-09-10  8:19 [RFC PATCH 0/4] mdev based hardware virtio offloading support Jason Wang
  2019-09-10  8:19 ` [RFC PATCH 1/4] vringh: fix copy direction of vringh_iov_push_kern() Jason Wang
@ 2019-09-10  8:19 ` Jason Wang
  2019-09-17 19:00   ` Alex Williamson
  2019-09-10  8:19 ` [RFC PATCH 3/4] virtio: introudce a mdev based transport Jason Wang
  2019-09-10  8:19 ` [RFC PATCH 4/4] docs: Sample driver to demonstrate how to implement virtio-mdev framework Jason Wang
  3 siblings, 1 reply; 17+ messages in thread
From: Jason Wang @ 2019-09-10  8:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: mst, jasowang, kvm, virtualization, netdev
  Cc: linux-kernel, kwankhede, alex.williamson, cohuck, tiwei.bie,
	maxime.coquelin, cunming.liang, zhihong.wang, rob.miller, idos,
	xiao.w.wang, haotian.wang

This patch introduces mdev_set_dma_ops() which allows parent to set
per device DMA ops. This help for the kernel driver to setup a correct
DMA mappings.

Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
---
 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c | 7 +++++++
 include/linux/mdev.h          | 2 ++
 2 files changed, 9 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
index b558d4cfd082..eb28552082d7 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
 #include <linux/uuid.h>
 #include <linux/sysfs.h>
 #include <linux/mdev.h>
+#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
 
 #include "mdev_private.h"
 
@@ -27,6 +28,12 @@ static struct class_compat *mdev_bus_compat_class;
 static LIST_HEAD(mdev_list);
 static DEFINE_MUTEX(mdev_list_lock);
 
+void mdev_set_dma_ops(struct mdev_device *mdev, struct dma_map_ops *ops)
+{
+	set_dma_ops(&mdev->dev, ops);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_set_dma_ops);
+
 struct device *mdev_parent_dev(struct mdev_device *mdev)
 {
 	return mdev->parent->dev;
diff --git a/include/linux/mdev.h b/include/linux/mdev.h
index 0ce30ca78db0..7195f40bf8bf 100644
--- a/include/linux/mdev.h
+++ b/include/linux/mdev.h
@@ -145,4 +145,6 @@ struct device *mdev_parent_dev(struct mdev_device *mdev);
 struct device *mdev_dev(struct mdev_device *mdev);
 struct mdev_device *mdev_from_dev(struct device *dev);
 
+void mdev_set_dma_ops(struct mdev_device *mdev, struct dma_map_ops *ops);
+
 #endif /* MDEV_H */
-- 
2.19.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [RFC PATCH 3/4] virtio: introudce a mdev based transport
  2019-09-10  8:19 [RFC PATCH 0/4] mdev based hardware virtio offloading support Jason Wang
  2019-09-10  8:19 ` [RFC PATCH 1/4] vringh: fix copy direction of vringh_iov_push_kern() Jason Wang
  2019-09-10  8:19 ` [RFC PATCH 2/4] mdev: introduce helper to set per device dma ops Jason Wang
@ 2019-09-10  8:19 ` Jason Wang
  2019-09-10 10:01   ` Michael S. Tsirkin
  2019-09-11  1:47   ` Tiwei Bie
  2019-09-10  8:19 ` [RFC PATCH 4/4] docs: Sample driver to demonstrate how to implement virtio-mdev framework Jason Wang
  3 siblings, 2 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Jason Wang @ 2019-09-10  8:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: mst, jasowang, kvm, virtualization, netdev
  Cc: linux-kernel, kwankhede, alex.williamson, cohuck, tiwei.bie,
	maxime.coquelin, cunming.liang, zhihong.wang, rob.miller, idos,
	xiao.w.wang, haotian.wang

This path introduces a new mdev transport for virtio. This is used to
use kernel virtio driver to drive the mediated device that is capable
of populating virtqueue directly.

A new virtio-mdev driver will be registered to the mdev bus, when a
new virtio-mdev device is probed, it will register the device with
mdev based config ops. This means, unlike the exist hardware
transport, this is a software transport between mdev driver and mdev
device. The transport was implemented through:

- configuration access was implemented through parent_ops->read()/write()
- vq/config callback was implemented through parent_ops->ioctl()

This transport is derived from virtio MMIO protocol and was wrote for
kernel driver. But for the transport itself, but the design goal is to
be generic enough to support userspace driver (this part will be added
in the future).

Note:
- current mdev assume all the parameter of parent_ops was from
  userspace. This prevents us from implementing the kernel mdev
  driver. For a quick POC, this patch just abuse those parameter and
  assume the mdev device implementation will treat them as kernel
  pointer. This should be addressed in the formal series by extending
  mdev_parent_ops.
- for a quick POC, I just drive the transport from MMIO, I'm pretty
  there's lot of optimization space for this.

Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
---
 drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig        |   7 +
 drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile       |   1 +
 drivers/vfio/mdev/virtio_mdev.c  | 500 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h | 131 ++++++++
 4 files changed, 639 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/virtio_mdev.c
 create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
index 5da27f2100f9..c488c31fc137 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
@@ -16,3 +16,10 @@ config VFIO_MDEV_DEVICE
 	default n
 	help
 	  VFIO based driver for Mediated devices.
+
+config VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE
+	tristate "VIRTIO driver for Mediated devices"
+	depends on VFIO_MDEV && VIRTIO
+	default n
+	help
+	  VIRTIO based driver for Mediated devices.
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
index 101516fdf375..99d31e29c23e 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
@@ -4,3 +4,4 @@ mdev-y := mdev_core.o mdev_sysfs.o mdev_driver.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_MDEV) += mdev.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_MDEV_DEVICE) += vfio_mdev.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE) += virtio_mdev.o
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/virtio_mdev.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/virtio_mdev.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5ff09089297e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/virtio_mdev.c
@@ -0,0 +1,500 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * VIRTIO based driver for Mediated device
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2019, Red Hat. All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * Based on Virtio MMIO driver.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/uuid.h>
+#include <linux/mdev.h>
+#include <linux/virtio.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_config.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_ring.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h>
+#include "mdev_private.h"
+
+#define DRIVER_VERSION  "0.1"
+#define DRIVER_AUTHOR   "Red Hat Corporation"
+#define DRIVER_DESC     "VIRTIO based driver for Mediated device"
+
+#define to_virtio_mdev_device(dev) \
+	container_of(dev, struct virtio_mdev_device, vdev)
+
+struct virtio_mdev_device {
+	struct virtio_device vdev;
+	struct mdev_device *mdev;
+	unsigned long version;
+
+	struct virtqueue **vqs;
+	spinlock_t lock;
+};
+
+struct virtio_mdev_vq_info {
+	/* the actual virtqueue */
+	struct virtqueue *vq;
+
+	/* the list node for the virtqueues list */
+	struct list_head node;
+};
+
+static u32 virtio_mdev_readl(struct mdev_device *mdev,
+			     loff_t off)
+{
+	struct mdev_parent *parent = mdev->parent;
+	ssize_t len;
+	u32 val;
+
+	if (unlikely(!parent->ops->read))
+		return 0xFFFFFFFF;
+
+	len = parent->ops->read(mdev, (char *)&val, 4, &off);
+	if (len != 4)
+		return 0xFFFFFFFF;
+
+	return val;
+}
+
+static void virtio_mdev_writel(struct mdev_device *mdev,
+			       loff_t off, u32 val)
+{
+	struct mdev_parent *parent = mdev->parent;
+
+	if (unlikely(!parent->ops->write))
+		return;
+
+	parent->ops->write(mdev, (char *)&val, 4, &off);
+
+	return;
+}
+
+static void virtio_mdev_get(struct virtio_device *vdev, unsigned offset,
+			    void *buf, unsigned len)
+{
+	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
+	struct mdev_device *mdev = vm_dev->mdev;
+	struct mdev_parent *parent = mdev->parent;
+
+	loff_t off = offset + VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG;
+
+	switch (len) {
+	case 1:
+		*(u8 *)buf = parent->ops->read(mdev, buf, 1, &off);
+		break;
+	case 2:
+		*(u16 *)buf = parent->ops->read(mdev, buf, 2, &off);
+		break;
+	case 4:
+		*(u32 *)buf = parent->ops->read(mdev, buf, 4, &off);
+		break;
+	case 8:
+		*(u32 *)buf = parent->ops->read(mdev, buf, 4, &off);
+		*((u32 *)buf + 1) = parent->ops->read(mdev, buf, 4, &off);
+		break;
+	default:
+		BUG();
+	}
+
+	return;
+}
+
+static void virtio_mdev_set(struct virtio_device *vdev, unsigned offset,
+			    const void *buf, unsigned len)
+{
+	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
+	struct mdev_device *mdev = vm_dev->mdev;
+	struct mdev_parent *parent = mdev->parent;
+	loff_t off = offset + VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG;
+
+	switch (len) {
+	case 1:
+	case 2:
+	case 4:
+	case 8:
+		break;
+	default:
+		BUG();
+	}
+
+	parent->ops->write(mdev, buf, len, &off);
+
+	return;
+}
+
+static u32 virtio_mdev_generation(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
+
+	if (vm_dev->version == 1)
+		return 0;
+	else
+		return virtio_mdev_readl(vm_dev->mdev,
+					 VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG_GENERATION);
+}
+
+static u8 virtio_mdev_get_status(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
+
+	return virtio_mdev_readl(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS) & 0xff;
+}
+
+static void virtio_mdev_set_status(struct virtio_device *vdev, u8 status)
+{
+	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
+
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS, status);
+}
+
+static void virtio_mdev_reset(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
+
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS, 0);
+}
+
+static bool virtio_mdev_notify(struct virtqueue *vq)
+{
+	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vq->vdev);
+
+	/* We write the queue's selector into the notification register to
+	 * signal the other end */
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NOTIFY,
+			   vq->index);
+	return true;
+}
+
+static irqreturn_t virtio_mdev_config_cb(void *private)
+{
+	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = private;
+
+	virtio_config_changed(&vm_dev->vdev);
+
+	return IRQ_HANDLED;
+}
+
+static irqreturn_t virtio_mdev_virtqueue_cb(void *private)
+{
+	struct virtio_mdev_vq_info *info = private;
+
+	return vring_interrupt(0, info->vq);
+}
+
+static struct virtqueue *
+virtio_mdev_setup_vq(struct virtio_device *vdev, unsigned index,
+		     void (*callback)(struct virtqueue *vq),
+		     const char *name, bool ctx)
+{
+	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
+	struct mdev_device *mdev= vm_dev->mdev;
+	struct mdev_parent *parent = mdev->parent;
+	struct virtio_mdev_vq_info *info;
+	struct virtio_mdev_callback cb;
+	struct virtqueue *vq;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	u32 align, num;
+	u64 addr;
+	int err;
+
+	if (!name)
+		return NULL;
+
+	/* Select the queue we're interested in */
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_SEL, index);
+
+	/* Queue shouldn't already be set up. */
+	if (virtio_mdev_readl(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY)) {
+		err = -ENOENT;
+		goto error_available;
+	}
+
+	/* Allocate and fill out our active queue description */
+	info = kmalloc(sizeof(*info), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!info) {
+		err = -ENOMEM;
+		goto error_kmalloc;
+	}
+
+	num = virtio_mdev_readl(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM_MAX);
+	if (num == 0) {
+		err = -ENOENT;
+		goto error_new_virtqueue;
+	}
+
+	/* Create the vring */
+	align = virtio_mdev_readl(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_ALIGN);
+	vq = vring_create_virtqueue(index, num, align, vdev,
+				    true, true, ctx,
+				    virtio_mdev_notify, callback, name);
+	if (!vq) {
+		err = -ENOMEM;
+		goto error_new_virtqueue;
+	}
+
+	/* Setup virtqueue callback */
+	cb.callback = virtio_mdev_virtqueue_cb;
+	cb.private = info;
+	err = parent->ops->ioctl(mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_VQ_CALLBACK,
+				 (unsigned long)&cb);
+	if (err) {
+		err = -EINVAL;
+		goto error_callback;
+	}
+
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM,
+			   virtqueue_get_vring_size(vq));
+	addr = virtqueue_get_desc_addr(vq);
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_LOW, (u32)addr);
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_HIGH,
+			   (u32)(addr >> 32));
+
+	addr = virtqueue_get_avail_addr(vq);
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_LOW, (u32)addr);
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_HIGH,
+			   (u32)(addr >> 32));
+
+	addr = virtqueue_get_used_addr(vq);
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_LOW, (u32)addr);
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_HIGH, (u32)(addr >> 32));
+
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY, 1);
+
+	vq->priv = info;
+	info->vq = vq;
+
+	return vq;
+
+error_callback:
+	vring_del_virtqueue(vq);
+error_new_virtqueue:
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY, 0);
+	WARN_ON(virtio_mdev_readl(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY));
+	kfree(info);
+error_kmalloc:
+error_available:
+	return ERR_PTR(err);
+
+}
+
+static void virtio_mdev_del_vq(struct virtqueue *vq)
+{
+	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vq->vdev);
+	struct virtio_mdev_vq_info *info = vq->priv;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	unsigned int index = vq->index;
+
+	/* Select and deactivate the queue */
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_SEL, index);
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev,VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY, 0);
+	WARN_ON(virtio_mdev_readl(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY));
+
+	vring_del_virtqueue(vq);
+
+	kfree(info);
+}
+
+static void virtio_mdev_del_vqs(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+	struct virtqueue *vq, *n;
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(vq, n, &vdev->vqs, list)
+		virtio_mdev_del_vq(vq);
+
+	return;
+}
+
+static int virtio_mdev_find_vqs(struct virtio_device *vdev, unsigned nvqs,
+				struct virtqueue *vqs[],
+				vq_callback_t *callbacks[],
+				const char * const names[],
+				const bool *ctx,
+				struct irq_affinity *desc)
+{
+	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
+	struct mdev_device *mdev = vm_dev->mdev;
+	struct mdev_parent *parent = mdev->parent;
+	struct virtio_mdev_callback cb;
+	int i, err, queue_idx = 0;
+	vm_dev->vqs = kmalloc_array(queue_idx, sizeof(*vm_dev->vqs),
+				    GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!vm_dev->vqs)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < nvqs; ++i) {
+		if (!names[i]) {
+			vqs[i] = NULL;
+			continue;
+		}
+
+		vqs[i] = virtio_mdev_setup_vq(vdev, queue_idx++,
+					      callbacks[i], names[i], ctx ?
+					      ctx[i] : false);
+		if (IS_ERR(vqs[i])) {
+			err = PTR_ERR(vqs[i]);
+			goto err_setup_vq;
+		}
+	}
+
+	cb.callback = virtio_mdev_config_cb;
+	cb.private = vm_dev;
+	err = parent->ops->ioctl(mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_CONFIG_CALLBACK,
+				 (unsigned long)&cb);
+	if (err)
+		goto err_setup_vq;
+
+	return 0;
+
+err_setup_vq:
+	kfree(vm_dev->vqs);
+	virtio_mdev_del_vqs(vdev);
+	return err;
+}
+
+static u64 virtio_mdev_get_features(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
+	u64 features;
+
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES_SEL, 1);
+	features = virtio_mdev_readl(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES);
+	features <<= 32;
+
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES_SEL, 0);
+	features |= virtio_mdev_readl(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES);
+
+	return features;
+}
+
+static int virtio_mdev_finalize_features(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
+
+	/* Give virtio_ring a chance to accept features. */
+	vring_transport_features(vdev);
+
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES_SEL, 1);
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES,
+			   (u32)(vdev->features >> 32));
+
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES_SEL, 0);
+	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES,
+			   (u32)vdev->features);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static const char *virtio_mdev_bus_name(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
+	struct mdev_device *mdev = vm_dev->mdev;
+
+	return dev_name(&mdev->dev);
+}
+
+static const struct virtio_config_ops virtio_mdev_config_ops = {
+	.get		= virtio_mdev_get,
+	.set		= virtio_mdev_set,
+	.generation	= virtio_mdev_generation,
+	.get_status	= virtio_mdev_get_status,
+	.set_status	= virtio_mdev_set_status,
+	.reset		= virtio_mdev_reset,
+	.find_vqs	= virtio_mdev_find_vqs,
+	.del_vqs	= virtio_mdev_del_vqs,
+	.get_features	= virtio_mdev_get_features,
+	.finalize_features = virtio_mdev_finalize_features,
+	.bus_name	= virtio_mdev_bus_name,
+};
+
+static void virtio_mdev_release_dev(struct device *_d)
+{
+	struct virtio_device *vdev =
+	       container_of(_d, struct virtio_device, dev);
+	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev =
+	       container_of(vdev, struct virtio_mdev_device, vdev);
+
+	devm_kfree(_d, vm_dev);
+}
+
+static int virtio_mdev_probe(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct mdev_device *mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
+	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev;
+	unsigned long magic;
+	int rc;
+
+	magic = virtio_mdev_readl(mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_MAGIC_VALUE);
+	if (magic != ('v' | 'i' << 8 | 'r' << 16 | 't' << 24)) {
+		dev_warn(dev, "Wrong magic value 0x%08lx!\n", magic);
+		return -ENODEV;
+	}
+
+	vm_dev = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*vm_dev), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!vm_dev)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	vm_dev->vdev.dev.parent = dev;
+	vm_dev->vdev.dev.release = virtio_mdev_release_dev;
+	vm_dev->vdev.config = &virtio_mdev_config_ops;
+	vm_dev->mdev = mdev;
+	vm_dev->vqs = NULL;
+	spin_lock_init(&vm_dev->lock);
+
+	vm_dev->version = virtio_mdev_readl(mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_VERSION);
+	if (vm_dev->version != 1) {
+		dev_err(dev, "Version %ld not supported!\n",
+			vm_dev->version);
+		return -ENXIO;
+	}
+
+	vm_dev->vdev.id.device = virtio_mdev_readl(mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_ID);
+	if (vm_dev->vdev.id.device == 0)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	vm_dev->vdev.id.vendor = virtio_mdev_readl(mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_VENDOR_ID);
+	rc = register_virtio_device(&vm_dev->vdev);
+	if (rc)
+		put_device(dev);
+
+	dev_set_drvdata(dev, vm_dev);
+
+	return rc;
+
+}
+
+static void virtio_mdev_remove(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+	unregister_virtio_device(&vm_dev->vdev);
+}
+
+static struct mdev_driver virtio_mdev_driver = {
+	.name	= "virtio_mdev",
+	.probe	= virtio_mdev_probe,
+	.remove	= virtio_mdev_remove,
+};
+
+static int __init virtio_mdev_init(void)
+{
+	return mdev_register_driver(&virtio_mdev_driver, THIS_MODULE);
+}
+
+static void __exit virtio_mdev_exit(void)
+{
+	mdev_unregister_driver(&virtio_mdev_driver);
+}
+
+module_init(virtio_mdev_init)
+module_exit(virtio_mdev_exit)
+
+MODULE_VERSION(DRIVER_VERSION);
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRIVER_DESC);
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8040de6b960a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h
@@ -0,0 +1,131 @@
+/*
+ * Virtio mediated device driver
+ *
+ * Copyright 2019, Red Hat Corp.
+ *
+ * Based on Virtio MMIO driver by ARM Ltd, copyright ARM Ltd. 2011
+ *
+ * This header is BSD licensed so anyone can use the definitions to implement
+ * compatible drivers/servers.
+ *
+ * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
+ * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
+ * are met:
+ * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
+ *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
+ * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
+ *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
+ *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
+ * 3. Neither the name of IBM nor the names of its contributors
+ *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
+ *    without specific prior written permission.
+ * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
+ * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
+ * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
+ * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL IBM OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
+ * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
+ * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
+ * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
+ * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
+ * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
+ * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
+ * SUCH DAMAGE.
+ */
+#ifndef _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
+#define _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
+
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/vringh.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/virtio_net.h>
+
+/*
+ * Ioctls
+ */
+
+struct virtio_mdev_callback {
+	irqreturn_t (*callback)(void *);
+	void *private;
+};
+
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV 0xAF
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_VQ_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x00, \
+					 struct virtio_mdev_callback)
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_CONFIG_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x01, \
+					struct virtio_mdev_callback)
+
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_API_STRING		"virtio-mdev"
+
+/*
+ * Control registers
+ */
+
+/* Magic value ("virt" string) - Read Only */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_MAGIC_VALUE		0x000
+
+/* Virtio device version - Read Only */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_VERSION		0x004
+
+/* Virtio device ID - Read Only */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_ID		0x008
+
+/* Virtio vendor ID - Read Only */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_VENDOR_ID		0x00c
+
+/* Bitmask of the features supported by the device (host)
+ * (32 bits per set) - Read Only */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES	0x010
+
+/* Device (host) features set selector - Write Only */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES_SEL	0x014
+
+/* Bitmask of features activated by the driver (guest)
+ * (32 bits per set) - Write Only */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES	0x020
+
+/* Activated features set selector - Write Only */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES_SEL	0x024
+
+/* Queue selector - Write Only */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_SEL		0x030
+
+/* Maximum size of the currently selected queue - Read Only */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM_MAX	0x034
+
+/* Queue size for the currently selected queue - Write Only */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM		0x038
+
+/* Ready bit for the currently selected queue - Read Write */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY		0x044
+
+/* Alignment of virtqueue - Read Only */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_ALIGN		0x048
+
+/* Queue notifier - Write Only */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NOTIFY	0x050
+
+/* Device status register - Read Write */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS		0x060
+
+/* Selected queue's Descriptor Table address, 64 bits in two halves */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_LOW	0x080
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_HIGH	0x084
+
+/* Selected queue's Available Ring address, 64 bits in two halves */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_LOW	0x090
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_HIGH	0x094
+
+/* Selected queue's Used Ring address, 64 bits in two halves */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_LOW	0x0a0
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_HIGH	0x0a4
+
+/* Configuration atomicity value */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG_GENERATION	0x0fc
+
+/* The config space is defined by each driver as
+ * the per-driver configuration space - Read Write */
+#define VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG		0x100
+
+#endif
+
+
+/* Ready bit for the currently selected queue - Read Write */
-- 
2.19.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* [RFC PATCH 4/4] docs: Sample driver to demonstrate how to implement virtio-mdev framework
  2019-09-10  8:19 [RFC PATCH 0/4] mdev based hardware virtio offloading support Jason Wang
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-09-10  8:19 ` [RFC PATCH 3/4] virtio: introudce a mdev based transport Jason Wang
@ 2019-09-10  8:19 ` Jason Wang
  2019-09-10 10:15   ` Michael S. Tsirkin
  3 siblings, 1 reply; 17+ messages in thread
From: Jason Wang @ 2019-09-10  8:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: mst, jasowang, kvm, virtualization, netdev
  Cc: linux-kernel, kwankhede, alex.williamson, cohuck, tiwei.bie,
	maxime.coquelin, cunming.liang, zhihong.wang, rob.miller, idos,
	xiao.w.wang, haotian.wang

This sample driver creates mdev device that simulate virtio net device
over virtio mdev transport. The device is implemented through vringh
and workqueue.

Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
---
 samples/Kconfig            |   7 +
 samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile |   1 +
 samples/vfio-mdev/mvnet.c  | 766 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 774 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 samples/vfio-mdev/mvnet.c

diff --git a/samples/Kconfig b/samples/Kconfig
index c8dacb4dda80..a1a1ca2c00b7 100644
--- a/samples/Kconfig
+++ b/samples/Kconfig
@@ -131,6 +131,13 @@ config SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_MDPY
 	  mediated device.  It is a simple framebuffer and supports
 	  the region display interface (VFIO_GFX_PLANE_TYPE_REGION).
 
+config SAMPLE_VIRTIO_MDEV_NET
+        tristate "Build virtio mdev net example mediated device sample code -- loadable modules only"
+	depends on VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE && VHOST_RING && m
+	help
+	  Build a networking sample device for use as a virtio
+	  mediated device.
+
 config SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_MDPY_FB
 	tristate "Build VFIO mdpy example guest fbdev driver -- loadable module only"
 	depends on FB && m
diff --git a/samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile b/samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile
index 10d179c4fdeb..f34af90ed0a0 100644
--- a/samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile
+++ b/samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile
@@ -3,3 +3,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_MTTY) += mtty.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_MDPY) += mdpy.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_MDPY_FB) += mdpy-fb.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_MBOCHS) += mbochs.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VIRTIO_MDEV_NET) += mvnet.o
diff --git a/samples/vfio-mdev/mvnet.c b/samples/vfio-mdev/mvnet.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..da295b41955e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/vfio-mdev/mvnet.c
@@ -0,0 +1,766 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * Mediated virtual virtio-net device driver.
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2019, Red Hat Inc. All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * Sample driver that creates mdev device that simulates ethernet
+ * device virtio mdev transport.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/poll.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/wait.h>
+#include <linux/uuid.h>
+#include <linux/iommu.h>
+#include <linux/sysfs.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
+#include <linux/mdev.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h>
+
+#define VERSION_STRING  "0.1"
+#define DRIVER_AUTHOR   "NVIDIA Corporation"
+
+#define MVNET_CLASS_NAME "mvnet"
+
+#define MVNET_NAME       "mvnet"
+
+/*
+ * Global Structures
+ */
+
+static struct mvnet_dev {
+	struct class	*vd_class;
+	struct idr	vd_idr;
+	struct device	dev;
+} mvnet_dev;
+
+struct mvnet_virtqueue {
+	struct vringh vring;
+	struct vringh_kiov iov;
+	unsigned short head;
+	bool ready;
+	u32 desc_addr_lo;
+	u32 desc_addr_hi;
+	u32 device_addr_lo;
+	u32 device_addr_hi;
+	u32 driver_addr_lo;
+	u32 driver_addr_hi;
+	u64 desc_addr;
+	u64 device_addr;
+	u64 driver_addr;
+	void *private;
+	irqreturn_t (*cb)(void *);
+};
+
+#define MVNET_QUEUE_ALIGN PAGE_SIZE
+#define MVNET_QUEUE_MAX 256
+#define MVNET_MAGIC_VALUE ('v' | 'i' << 8 | 'r' << 16 | 't' << 24)
+#define MVNET_VERSION 0x1 /* Implies virtio 1.0 */
+#define MVNET_DEVICE_ID 0x1 /* network card */
+#define MVNET_VENDOR_ID 0 /* is this correct ? */
+#define MVNET_DEVICE_FEATURES VIRTIO_F_VERSION_1
+
+u64 mvnet_features = (1ULL << VIRTIO_F_ANY_LAYOUT) |
+	             (1ULL << VIRTIO_F_VERSION_1) |
+		     (1ULL << VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM) ;
+
+/* State of each mdev device */
+struct mvnet_state {
+	struct mvnet_virtqueue vqs[2];
+	struct work_struct work;
+	spinlock_t lock;
+	struct mdev_device *mdev;
+	struct virtio_net_config config;
+	struct virtio_mdev_callback *cbs;
+	void *buffer;
+	u32 queue_sel;
+	u32 driver_features_sel;
+	u32 driver_features[2];
+	u32 device_features_sel;
+	u32 status;
+	u32 generation;
+	u32 num;
+	struct list_head next;
+};
+
+static struct mutex mdev_list_lock;
+static struct list_head mdev_devices_list;
+
+static void mvnet_queue_ready(struct mvnet_state *mvnet, unsigned idx)
+{
+	struct mvnet_virtqueue *vq = &mvnet->vqs[idx];
+	int ret;
+
+	vq->desc_addr = (u64)vq->desc_addr_hi << 32 | vq->desc_addr_lo;
+	vq->device_addr = (u64)vq->device_addr_hi << 32 | vq->device_addr_lo;
+	vq->driver_addr = (u64)vq->driver_addr_hi << 32 | vq->driver_addr_lo;
+
+	ret = vringh_init_kern(&vq->vring, mvnet_features, MVNET_QUEUE_MAX,
+			       false, (struct vring_desc *)vq->desc_addr,
+			       (struct vring_avail *)vq->driver_addr,
+			       (struct vring_used *)vq->device_addr);
+}
+
+static ssize_t mvnet_read_config(struct mdev_device *mdev,
+				 u32 *val, loff_t pos)
+{
+	struct mvnet_state *mvnet;
+	struct mvnet_virtqueue *vq;
+	u32 queue_sel;
+
+	if (!mdev || !val)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mvnet = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+	if (!mvnet) {
+		pr_err("%s mvnet not found\n", __func__);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	queue_sel = mvnet->queue_sel;
+	vq = &mvnet->vqs[queue_sel];
+
+	switch (pos) {
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_MAGIC_VALUE:
+		*val = MVNET_MAGIC_VALUE;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_VERSION:
+		*val = MVNET_VERSION;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_ID:
+		*val = MVNET_DEVICE_ID;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_VENDOR_ID:
+		*val = MVNET_VENDOR_ID;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES:
+		if (mvnet->device_features_sel)
+			*val = mvnet_features >> 32;
+		else
+			*val = mvnet_features;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM_MAX:
+		*val = MVNET_QUEUE_MAX;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY:
+		*val = vq->ready;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_ALIGN:
+		*val = MVNET_QUEUE_ALIGN;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS:
+		*val = mvnet->status;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_LOW:
+		*val = vq->desc_addr_lo;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_HIGH:
+		*val = vq->desc_addr_hi;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_LOW:
+		*val = vq->driver_addr_lo;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_HIGH:
+		*val = vq->driver_addr_hi;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_LOW:
+		*val = vq->device_addr_lo;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_HIGH:
+		*val = vq->device_addr_hi;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG_GENERATION:
+		*val = 1;
+		break;
+	default:
+		pr_err("Unsupported mdev read offset at 0x%x\n", pos);
+		break;
+	}
+
+	return 4;
+}
+
+static ssize_t mvnet_read_net_config(struct mdev_device *mdev,
+				     char *buf, size_t count, loff_t pos)
+{
+	struct mvnet_state *mvnet = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+
+	if (!mvnet) {
+		pr_err("%s mvnet not found\n", __func__);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	if (pos + count > sizeof(mvnet->config))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	memcpy(buf, &mvnet->config + (unsigned)pos, count);
+
+	return count;
+}
+
+static void mvnet_vq_reset(struct mvnet_virtqueue *vq)
+{
+	vq->ready = 0;
+	vq->desc_addr_lo = vq->desc_addr_hi = 0;
+	vq->device_addr_lo = vq->device_addr_hi = 0;
+	vq->driver_addr_lo = vq->driver_addr_hi = 0;
+	vq->desc_addr = 0;
+	vq->driver_addr = 0;
+	vq->device_addr = 0;
+	vringh_init_kern(&vq->vring, mvnet_features, MVNET_QUEUE_MAX,
+			false, 0, 0, 0);
+}
+
+static void mvnet_reset(struct mvnet_state *mvnet)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < 2; i++)
+		mvnet_vq_reset(&mvnet->vqs[i]);
+
+	mvnet->queue_sel = 0;
+	mvnet->driver_features_sel = 0;
+	mvnet->device_features_sel = 0;
+	mvnet->status = 0;
+	++mvnet->generation;
+}
+
+static ssize_t mvnet_write_config(struct mdev_device *mdev,
+				  u32 *val, loff_t pos)
+{
+	struct mvnet_state *mvnet;
+	struct mvnet_virtqueue *vq;
+	u32 queue_sel;
+
+	if (!mdev || !val)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mvnet = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+	if (!mvnet) {
+		pr_err("%s mvnet not found\n", __func__);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	queue_sel = mvnet->queue_sel;
+	vq = &mvnet->vqs[queue_sel];
+
+	switch (pos) {
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES_SEL:
+		mvnet->device_features_sel = *val;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES:
+		mvnet->driver_features[mvnet->driver_features_sel] = *val;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES_SEL:
+		mvnet->driver_features_sel = *val;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_SEL:
+		mvnet->queue_sel = *val;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM:
+		mvnet->num = *val;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY:
+		vq->ready = *val;
+		if (vq->ready) {
+			spin_lock(&mvnet->lock);
+			mvnet_queue_ready(mvnet, queue_sel);
+			spin_unlock(&mvnet->lock);
+		}
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NOTIFY:
+		if (vq->ready)
+			schedule_work(&mvnet->work);
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS:
+		mvnet->status = *val;
+		if (*val == 0) {
+			spin_lock(&mvnet->lock);
+			mvnet_reset(mvnet);
+			spin_unlock(&mvnet->lock);
+		}
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_LOW:
+		vq->desc_addr_lo = *val;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_HIGH:
+		vq->desc_addr_hi = *val;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_LOW:
+		vq->driver_addr_lo = *val;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_HIGH:
+		vq->driver_addr_hi = *val;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_LOW:
+		vq->device_addr_lo = *val;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_HIGH:
+		vq->device_addr_hi = *val;
+		break;
+	default:
+		pr_err("Unsupported write offset! 0x%x\n", pos);
+		break;
+	}
+	spin_unlock(&mvnet->lock);
+
+	return 4;
+}
+
+static void mvnet_work(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+	struct mvnet_state *mvnet = container_of(work, struct
+						 mvnet_state, work);
+	struct mvnet_virtqueue *txq = &mvnet->vqs[1];
+	struct mvnet_virtqueue *rxq = &mvnet->vqs[0];
+	size_t read, write, total_write;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	int err;
+	int pkts = 0;
+
+	spin_lock(&mvnet->lock);
+
+	if (!txq->ready || !rxq->ready)
+		goto out;
+
+	while (true) {
+		total_write = 0;
+		err = vringh_getdesc_kern(&txq->vring, &txq->iov, NULL,
+					  &txq->head, GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (err <= 0)
+			break;
+
+		err = vringh_getdesc_kern(&rxq->vring, NULL, &rxq->iov,
+					  &rxq->head, GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (err <= 0) {
+			vringh_complete_kern(&txq->vring, txq->head, 0);
+			break;
+		}
+
+		while (true) {
+			read = vringh_iov_pull_kern(&txq->iov, mvnet->buffer,
+						    PAGE_SIZE);
+			if (read <= 0)
+				break;
+
+			write = vringh_iov_push_kern(&rxq->iov, mvnet->buffer,
+						     read);
+			if (write <= 0)
+				break;
+
+			total_write += write;
+		}
+
+		/* Make sure data is wrote before advancing index */
+		smp_wmb();
+
+		vringh_complete_kern(&txq->vring, txq->head, 0);
+		vringh_complete_kern(&rxq->vring, rxq->head, total_write);
+
+		/* Make sure used is visible before rasing the
+		   interrupt */
+		smp_wmb();
+
+		local_bh_disable();
+		if (txq->cb)
+			txq->cb(txq->private);
+		if (rxq->cb)
+			rxq->cb(rxq->private);
+		local_bh_enable();
+
+		pkts ++;
+		if (pkts > 4) {
+			schedule_work(&mvnet->work);
+			goto out;
+		}
+	}
+
+out:
+	spin_unlock(&mvnet->lock);
+}
+
+static dma_addr_t mvnet_map_page(struct device *dev, struct page *page,
+				 unsigned long offset, size_t size,
+				 enum dma_data_direction dir,
+				 unsigned long attrs)
+{
+	/* Vringh can only use VA */
+	return page_address(page) + offset;
+}
+
+static void mvnet_unmap_page(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr,
+			     size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir,
+			     unsigned long attrs)
+{
+	return ;
+}
+
+static void *mvnet_alloc_coherent(struct device *dev, size_t size,
+				  dma_addr_t *dma_addr, gfp_t flag,
+				  unsigned long attrs)
+{
+	void *ret = kmalloc(size, flag);
+
+	if (ret == NULL)
+		*dma_addr = DMA_MAPPING_ERROR;
+	else
+		*dma_addr = ret;
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void mvnet_free_coherent(struct device *dev, size_t size,
+				void *vaddr, dma_addr_t dma_addr,
+				unsigned long attrs)
+{
+	kfree(dma_addr);
+}
+
+static const struct dma_map_ops mvnet_dma_ops = {
+	.map_page = mvnet_map_page,
+	.unmap_page = mvnet_unmap_page,
+	.alloc = mvnet_alloc_coherent,
+	.free = mvnet_free_coherent,
+};
+
+static int mvnet_create(struct kobject *kobj, struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+	struct mvnet_state *mvnet;
+	struct virtio_net_config *config;
+
+	if (!mdev)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mvnet = kzalloc(sizeof(struct mvnet_state), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (mvnet == NULL)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	mvnet->buffer = kmalloc(PAGE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!mvnet->buffer) {
+		kfree(mvnet);
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	config = &mvnet->config;
+	config->mtu = 1500;
+	config->status = VIRTIO_NET_S_LINK_UP;
+	eth_random_addr(config->mac);
+
+	INIT_WORK(&mvnet->work, mvnet_work);
+
+	spin_lock_init(&mvnet->lock);
+	mvnet->mdev = mdev;
+	mdev_set_drvdata(mdev, mvnet);
+
+	mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
+	list_add(&mvnet->next, &mdev_devices_list);
+	mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
+
+	mdev_set_dma_ops(mdev, &mvnet_dma_ops);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int mvnet_remove(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+	struct mvnet_state *mds, *tmp_mds;
+	struct mvnet_state *mvnet = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+	int ret = -EINVAL;
+
+	mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(mds, tmp_mds, &mdev_devices_list, next) {
+		if (mvnet == mds) {
+			list_del(&mvnet->next);
+			mdev_set_drvdata(mdev, NULL);
+			kfree(mvnet->buffer);
+			kfree(mvnet);
+			ret = 0;
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static ssize_t mvnet_read(struct mdev_device *mdev, char __user *buf,
+			  size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	ssize_t ret;
+
+	if (*ppos < VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG) {
+		if (count == 4)
+			ret = mvnet_read_config(mdev, (u32 *)buf, *ppos);
+		else
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+		*ppos += 4;
+	} else if (*ppos < VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG + sizeof(struct virtio_net_config)) {
+		ret = mvnet_read_net_config(mdev, buf, count,
+					    *ppos - VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG);
+		*ppos += count;
+	} else {
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static ssize_t mvnet_write(struct mdev_device *mdev, const char __user *buf,
+			   size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	if (*ppos < VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG) {
+		if (count == 4)
+			ret = mvnet_write_config(mdev, (u32 *)buf, *ppos);
+		else
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+		*ppos += 4;
+	} else {
+		/* No writable net config */
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static long mvnet_ioctl(struct mdev_device *mdev, unsigned int cmd,
+			unsigned long arg)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+	struct mvnet_state *mvnet;
+	struct virtio_mdev_callback *cb;
+
+	if (!mdev)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mvnet = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+	if (!mvnet)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	spin_lock(&mvnet->lock);
+
+	switch (cmd) {
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_VQ_CALLBACK:
+		cb = (struct virtio_mdev_callback *)arg;
+		mvnet->vqs[mvnet->queue_sel].cb = cb->callback;
+		mvnet->vqs[mvnet->queue_sel].private = cb->private;
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_CONFIG_CALLBACK:
+		break;
+	default:
+		pr_err("Not supportted ioctl cmd 0x%x\n", cmd);
+		ret = -ENOTTY;
+		break;
+	}
+
+	spin_unlock(&mvnet->lock);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int mvnet_open(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+	pr_info("%s\n", __func__);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void mvnet_close(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+	pr_info("%s\n", __func__);
+}
+
+static ssize_t
+sample_mvnet_dev_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
+		     char *buf)
+{
+	return sprintf(buf, "This is phy device\n");
+}
+
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(sample_mvnet_dev);
+
+static struct attribute *mvnet_dev_attrs[] = {
+	&dev_attr_sample_mvnet_dev.attr,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group mvnet_dev_group = {
+	.name  = "mvnet_dev",
+	.attrs = mvnet_dev_attrs,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group *mvnet_dev_groups[] = {
+	&mvnet_dev_group,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static ssize_t
+sample_mdev_dev_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
+		     char *buf)
+{
+	if (mdev_from_dev(dev))
+		return sprintf(buf, "This is MDEV %s\n", dev_name(dev));
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "\n");
+}
+
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(sample_mdev_dev);
+
+static struct attribute *mdev_dev_attrs[] = {
+	&dev_attr_sample_mdev_dev.attr,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group mdev_dev_group = {
+	.name  = "vendor",
+	.attrs = mdev_dev_attrs,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group *mdev_dev_groups[] = {
+	&mdev_dev_group,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+#define MVNET_STRING_LEN 16
+
+static ssize_t
+name_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, char *buf)
+{
+	char name[MVNET_STRING_LEN];
+	const char *name_str = "virtio-net";
+
+	snprintf(name, MVNET_STRING_LEN, "%s", dev_driver_string(dev));
+	if (!strcmp(kobj->name, name))
+		return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", name_str);
+
+	return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+static MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(name);
+
+static ssize_t
+available_instances_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, char *buf)
+{
+	return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", INT_MAX);
+}
+
+static MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(available_instances);
+
+static ssize_t device_api_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
+			       char *buf)
+{
+	return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_API_STRING);
+}
+
+static MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(device_api);
+
+static struct attribute *mdev_types_attrs[] = {
+	&mdev_type_attr_name.attr,
+	&mdev_type_attr_device_api.attr,
+	&mdev_type_attr_available_instances.attr,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group mdev_type_group = {
+	.name  = "",
+	.attrs = mdev_types_attrs,
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group *mdev_type_groups[] = {
+	&mdev_type_group,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static const struct mdev_parent_ops mdev_fops = {
+	.owner                  = THIS_MODULE,
+	.dev_attr_groups        = mvnet_dev_groups,
+	.mdev_attr_groups       = mdev_dev_groups,
+	.supported_type_groups  = mdev_type_groups,
+	.create                 = mvnet_create,
+	.remove			= mvnet_remove,
+	.open                   = mvnet_open,
+	.release                = mvnet_close,
+	.read                   = mvnet_read,
+	.write                  = mvnet_write,
+	.ioctl		        = mvnet_ioctl,
+};
+
+static void mvnet_device_release(struct device *dev)
+{
+	dev_dbg(dev, "mvnet: released\n");
+}
+
+static int __init mvnet_dev_init(void)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	pr_info("mvnet_dev: %s\n", __func__);
+
+	memset(&mvnet_dev, 0, sizeof(mvnet_dev));
+
+	idr_init(&mvnet_dev.vd_idr);
+
+	mvnet_dev.vd_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, MVNET_CLASS_NAME);
+
+	if (IS_ERR(mvnet_dev.vd_class)) {
+		pr_err("Error: failed to register mvnet_dev class\n");
+		ret = PTR_ERR(mvnet_dev.vd_class);
+		goto failed1;
+	}
+
+	mvnet_dev.dev.class = mvnet_dev.vd_class;
+	mvnet_dev.dev.release = mvnet_device_release;
+	dev_set_name(&mvnet_dev.dev, "%s", MVNET_NAME);
+
+	ret = device_register(&mvnet_dev.dev);
+	if (ret)
+		goto failed2;
+
+	ret = mdev_register_device(&mvnet_dev.dev, &mdev_fops);
+	if (ret)
+		goto failed3;
+
+	mutex_init(&mdev_list_lock);
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mdev_devices_list);
+
+	goto all_done;
+
+failed3:
+
+	device_unregister(&mvnet_dev.dev);
+failed2:
+	class_destroy(mvnet_dev.vd_class);
+
+failed1:
+all_done:
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void __exit mvnet_dev_exit(void)
+{
+	mvnet_dev.dev.bus = NULL;
+	mdev_unregister_device(&mvnet_dev.dev);
+
+	device_unregister(&mvnet_dev.dev);
+	idr_destroy(&mvnet_dev.vd_idr);
+	class_destroy(mvnet_dev.vd_class);
+	mvnet_dev.vd_class = NULL;
+	pr_info("mvnet_dev: Unloaded!\n");
+}
+
+module_init(mvnet_dev_init)
+module_exit(mvnet_dev_exit)
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+MODULE_INFO(supported, "Test driver that simulate serial port over PCI");
+MODULE_VERSION(VERSION_STRING);
+MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
-- 
2.19.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC PATCH 3/4] virtio: introudce a mdev based transport
  2019-09-10  8:19 ` [RFC PATCH 3/4] virtio: introudce a mdev based transport Jason Wang
@ 2019-09-10 10:01   ` Michael S. Tsirkin
  2019-09-10 13:13     ` Jason Wang
  2019-09-11  1:47   ` Tiwei Bie
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 17+ messages in thread
From: Michael S. Tsirkin @ 2019-09-10 10:01 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jason Wang
  Cc: kvm, virtualization, netdev, linux-kernel, kwankhede,
	alex.williamson, cohuck, tiwei.bie, maxime.coquelin,
	cunming.liang, zhihong.wang, rob.miller, idos, xiao.w.wang,
	haotian.wang

On Tue, Sep 10, 2019 at 04:19:34PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
> This path introduces a new mdev transport for virtio. This is used to
> use kernel virtio driver to drive the mediated device that is capable
> of populating virtqueue directly.
> 
> A new virtio-mdev driver will be registered to the mdev bus, when a
> new virtio-mdev device is probed, it will register the device with
> mdev based config ops. This means, unlike the exist hardware
> transport, this is a software transport between mdev driver and mdev
> device. The transport was implemented through:
> 
> - configuration access was implemented through parent_ops->read()/write()
> - vq/config callback was implemented through parent_ops->ioctl()
> 
> This transport is derived from virtio MMIO protocol and was wrote for
> kernel driver. But for the transport itself, but the design goal is to
> be generic enough to support userspace driver (this part will be added
> in the future).
> 
> Note:
> - current mdev assume all the parameter of parent_ops was from
>   userspace. This prevents us from implementing the kernel mdev
>   driver. For a quick POC, this patch just abuse those parameter and
>   assume the mdev device implementation will treat them as kernel
>   pointer. This should be addressed in the formal series by extending
>   mdev_parent_ops.
> - for a quick POC, I just drive the transport from MMIO, I'm pretty
>   there's lot of optimization space for this.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
> ---
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig        |   7 +
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile       |   1 +
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/virtio_mdev.c  | 500 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h | 131 ++++++++
>  4 files changed, 639 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/virtio_mdev.c
>  create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
> index 5da27f2100f9..c488c31fc137 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
> @@ -16,3 +16,10 @@ config VFIO_MDEV_DEVICE
>  	default n
>  	help
>  	  VFIO based driver for Mediated devices.
> +
> +config VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE
> +	tristate "VIRTIO driver for Mediated devices"
> +	depends on VFIO_MDEV && VIRTIO
> +	default n
> +	help
> +	  VIRTIO based driver for Mediated devices.
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
> index 101516fdf375..99d31e29c23e 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
> @@ -4,3 +4,4 @@ mdev-y := mdev_core.o mdev_sysfs.o mdev_driver.o
>  
>  obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_MDEV) += mdev.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_MDEV_DEVICE) += vfio_mdev.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE) += virtio_mdev.o
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/virtio_mdev.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/virtio_mdev.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..5ff09089297e
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/virtio_mdev.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,500 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> +/*
> + * VIRTIO based driver for Mediated device
> + *
> + * Copyright (c) 2019, Red Hat. All rights reserved.
> + *     Author: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
> + *
> + * Based on Virtio MMIO driver.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/uuid.h>
> +#include <linux/mdev.h>
> +#include <linux/virtio.h>
> +#include <linux/virtio_config.h>
> +#include <linux/virtio_ring.h>
> +#include <uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h>
> +#include "mdev_private.h"
> +
> +#define DRIVER_VERSION  "0.1"
> +#define DRIVER_AUTHOR   "Red Hat Corporation"
> +#define DRIVER_DESC     "VIRTIO based driver for Mediated device"
> +
> +#define to_virtio_mdev_device(dev) \
> +	container_of(dev, struct virtio_mdev_device, vdev)
> +
> +struct virtio_mdev_device {
> +	struct virtio_device vdev;
> +	struct mdev_device *mdev;
> +	unsigned long version;
> +
> +	struct virtqueue **vqs;
> +	spinlock_t lock;
> +};
> +
> +struct virtio_mdev_vq_info {
> +	/* the actual virtqueue */
> +	struct virtqueue *vq;
> +
> +	/* the list node for the virtqueues list */
> +	struct list_head node;
> +};
> +
> +static u32 virtio_mdev_readl(struct mdev_device *mdev,
> +			     loff_t off)
> +{
> +	struct mdev_parent *parent = mdev->parent;
> +	ssize_t len;
> +	u32 val;
> +
> +	if (unlikely(!parent->ops->read))
> +		return 0xFFFFFFFF;
> +
> +	len = parent->ops->read(mdev, (char *)&val, 4, &off);
> +	if (len != 4)
> +		return 0xFFFFFFFF;
> +
> +	return val;
> +}
> +
> +static void virtio_mdev_writel(struct mdev_device *mdev,
> +			       loff_t off, u32 val)
> +{
> +	struct mdev_parent *parent = mdev->parent;
> +
> +	if (unlikely(!parent->ops->write))
> +		return;
> +
> +	parent->ops->write(mdev, (char *)&val, 4, &off);
> +
> +	return;
> +}
> +
> +static void virtio_mdev_get(struct virtio_device *vdev, unsigned offset,
> +			    void *buf, unsigned len)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
> +	struct mdev_device *mdev = vm_dev->mdev;
> +	struct mdev_parent *parent = mdev->parent;
> +
> +	loff_t off = offset + VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG;
> +
> +	switch (len) {
> +	case 1:
> +		*(u8 *)buf = parent->ops->read(mdev, buf, 1, &off);
> +		break;
> +	case 2:
> +		*(u16 *)buf = parent->ops->read(mdev, buf, 2, &off);
> +		break;
> +	case 4:
> +		*(u32 *)buf = parent->ops->read(mdev, buf, 4, &off);
> +		break;
> +	case 8:
> +		*(u32 *)buf = parent->ops->read(mdev, buf, 4, &off);
> +		*((u32 *)buf + 1) = parent->ops->read(mdev, buf, 4, &off);
> +		break;
> +	default:
> +		BUG();
> +	}
> +
> +	return;
> +}
> +
> +static void virtio_mdev_set(struct virtio_device *vdev, unsigned offset,
> +			    const void *buf, unsigned len)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
> +	struct mdev_device *mdev = vm_dev->mdev;
> +	struct mdev_parent *parent = mdev->parent;
> +	loff_t off = offset + VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG;
> +
> +	switch (len) {
> +	case 1:
> +	case 2:
> +	case 4:
> +	case 8:
> +		break;
> +	default:
> +		BUG();
> +	}
> +
> +	parent->ops->write(mdev, buf, len, &off);
> +
> +	return;
> +}
> +
> +static u32 virtio_mdev_generation(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
> +
> +	if (vm_dev->version == 1)
> +		return 0;
> +	else
> +		return virtio_mdev_readl(vm_dev->mdev,
> +					 VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG_GENERATION);
> +}
> +
> +static u8 virtio_mdev_get_status(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
> +
> +	return virtio_mdev_readl(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS) & 0xff;
> +}
> +
> +static void virtio_mdev_set_status(struct virtio_device *vdev, u8 status)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
> +
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS, status);
> +}
> +
> +static void virtio_mdev_reset(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
> +
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS, 0);
> +}
> +
> +static bool virtio_mdev_notify(struct virtqueue *vq)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vq->vdev);
> +
> +	/* We write the queue's selector into the notification register to
> +	 * signal the other end */
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NOTIFY,
> +			   vq->index);
> +	return true;
> +}
> +
> +static irqreturn_t virtio_mdev_config_cb(void *private)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = private;
> +
> +	virtio_config_changed(&vm_dev->vdev);
> +
> +	return IRQ_HANDLED;
> +}
> +
> +static irqreturn_t virtio_mdev_virtqueue_cb(void *private)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_mdev_vq_info *info = private;
> +
> +	return vring_interrupt(0, info->vq);
> +}
> +
> +static struct virtqueue *
> +virtio_mdev_setup_vq(struct virtio_device *vdev, unsigned index,
> +		     void (*callback)(struct virtqueue *vq),
> +		     const char *name, bool ctx)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
> +	struct mdev_device *mdev= vm_dev->mdev;
> +	struct mdev_parent *parent = mdev->parent;
> +	struct virtio_mdev_vq_info *info;
> +	struct virtio_mdev_callback cb;
> +	struct virtqueue *vq;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +	u32 align, num;
> +	u64 addr;
> +	int err;
> +
> +	if (!name)
> +		return NULL;
> +
> +	/* Select the queue we're interested in */
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_SEL, index);
> +
> +	/* Queue shouldn't already be set up. */
> +	if (virtio_mdev_readl(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY)) {
> +		err = -ENOENT;
> +		goto error_available;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Allocate and fill out our active queue description */
> +	info = kmalloc(sizeof(*info), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!info) {
> +		err = -ENOMEM;
> +		goto error_kmalloc;
> +	}
> +
> +	num = virtio_mdev_readl(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM_MAX);
> +	if (num == 0) {
> +		err = -ENOENT;
> +		goto error_new_virtqueue;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Create the vring */
> +	align = virtio_mdev_readl(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_ALIGN);
> +	vq = vring_create_virtqueue(index, num, align, vdev,
> +				    true, true, ctx,
> +				    virtio_mdev_notify, callback, name);
> +	if (!vq) {
> +		err = -ENOMEM;
> +		goto error_new_virtqueue;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Setup virtqueue callback */
> +	cb.callback = virtio_mdev_virtqueue_cb;
> +	cb.private = info;
> +	err = parent->ops->ioctl(mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_VQ_CALLBACK,
> +				 (unsigned long)&cb);
> +	if (err) {
> +		err = -EINVAL;
> +		goto error_callback;
> +	}
> +
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM,
> +			   virtqueue_get_vring_size(vq));
> +	addr = virtqueue_get_desc_addr(vq);
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_LOW, (u32)addr);
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_HIGH,
> +			   (u32)(addr >> 32));
> +
> +	addr = virtqueue_get_avail_addr(vq);
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_LOW, (u32)addr);
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_HIGH,
> +			   (u32)(addr >> 32));
> +
> +	addr = virtqueue_get_used_addr(vq);
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_LOW, (u32)addr);
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_HIGH, (u32)(addr >> 32));
> +
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY, 1);
> +
> +	vq->priv = info;
> +	info->vq = vq;
> +
> +	return vq;
> +
> +error_callback:
> +	vring_del_virtqueue(vq);
> +error_new_virtqueue:
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY, 0);
> +	WARN_ON(virtio_mdev_readl(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY));
> +	kfree(info);
> +error_kmalloc:
> +error_available:
> +	return ERR_PTR(err);
> +
> +}
> +
> +static void virtio_mdev_del_vq(struct virtqueue *vq)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vq->vdev);
> +	struct virtio_mdev_vq_info *info = vq->priv;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +	unsigned int index = vq->index;
> +
> +	/* Select and deactivate the queue */
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_SEL, index);
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev,VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY, 0);
> +	WARN_ON(virtio_mdev_readl(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY));
> +
> +	vring_del_virtqueue(vq);
> +
> +	kfree(info);
> +}
> +
> +static void virtio_mdev_del_vqs(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> +{
> +	struct virtqueue *vq, *n;
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry_safe(vq, n, &vdev->vqs, list)
> +		virtio_mdev_del_vq(vq);
> +
> +	return;
> +}
> +
> +static int virtio_mdev_find_vqs(struct virtio_device *vdev, unsigned nvqs,
> +				struct virtqueue *vqs[],
> +				vq_callback_t *callbacks[],
> +				const char * const names[],
> +				const bool *ctx,
> +				struct irq_affinity *desc)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
> +	struct mdev_device *mdev = vm_dev->mdev;
> +	struct mdev_parent *parent = mdev->parent;
> +	struct virtio_mdev_callback cb;
> +	int i, err, queue_idx = 0;
> +	vm_dev->vqs = kmalloc_array(queue_idx, sizeof(*vm_dev->vqs),
> +				    GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!vm_dev->vqs)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < nvqs; ++i) {
> +		if (!names[i]) {
> +			vqs[i] = NULL;
> +			continue;
> +		}
> +
> +		vqs[i] = virtio_mdev_setup_vq(vdev, queue_idx++,
> +					      callbacks[i], names[i], ctx ?
> +					      ctx[i] : false);
> +		if (IS_ERR(vqs[i])) {
> +			err = PTR_ERR(vqs[i]);
> +			goto err_setup_vq;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	cb.callback = virtio_mdev_config_cb;
> +	cb.private = vm_dev;
> +	err = parent->ops->ioctl(mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_CONFIG_CALLBACK,
> +				 (unsigned long)&cb);
> +	if (err)
> +		goto err_setup_vq;
> +
> +	return 0;
> +
> +err_setup_vq:
> +	kfree(vm_dev->vqs);
> +	virtio_mdev_del_vqs(vdev);
> +	return err;
> +}
> +
> +static u64 virtio_mdev_get_features(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
> +	u64 features;
> +
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES_SEL, 1);
> +	features = virtio_mdev_readl(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES);
> +	features <<= 32;
> +
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES_SEL, 0);
> +	features |= virtio_mdev_readl(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES);
> +
> +	return features;
> +}
> +
> +static int virtio_mdev_finalize_features(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
> +
> +	/* Give virtio_ring a chance to accept features. */
> +	vring_transport_features(vdev);
> +
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES_SEL, 1);
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES,
> +			   (u32)(vdev->features >> 32));
> +
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES_SEL, 0);
> +	virtio_mdev_writel(vm_dev->mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES,
> +			   (u32)vdev->features);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const char *virtio_mdev_bus_name(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = to_virtio_mdev_device(vdev);
> +	struct mdev_device *mdev = vm_dev->mdev;
> +
> +	return dev_name(&mdev->dev);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct virtio_config_ops virtio_mdev_config_ops = {
> +	.get		= virtio_mdev_get,
> +	.set		= virtio_mdev_set,
> +	.generation	= virtio_mdev_generation,
> +	.get_status	= virtio_mdev_get_status,
> +	.set_status	= virtio_mdev_set_status,
> +	.reset		= virtio_mdev_reset,
> +	.find_vqs	= virtio_mdev_find_vqs,
> +	.del_vqs	= virtio_mdev_del_vqs,
> +	.get_features	= virtio_mdev_get_features,
> +	.finalize_features = virtio_mdev_finalize_features,
> +	.bus_name	= virtio_mdev_bus_name,
> +};
> +
> +static void virtio_mdev_release_dev(struct device *_d)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_device *vdev =
> +	       container_of(_d, struct virtio_device, dev);
> +	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev =
> +	       container_of(vdev, struct virtio_mdev_device, vdev);
> +
> +	devm_kfree(_d, vm_dev);
> +}
> +
> +static int virtio_mdev_probe(struct device *dev)
> +{
> +	struct mdev_device *mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
> +	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev;
> +	unsigned long magic;
> +	int rc;
> +
> +	magic = virtio_mdev_readl(mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_MAGIC_VALUE);
> +	if (magic != ('v' | 'i' << 8 | 'r' << 16 | 't' << 24)) {
> +		dev_warn(dev, "Wrong magic value 0x%08lx!\n", magic);
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +	}
> +
> +	vm_dev = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*vm_dev), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!vm_dev)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	vm_dev->vdev.dev.parent = dev;
> +	vm_dev->vdev.dev.release = virtio_mdev_release_dev;
> +	vm_dev->vdev.config = &virtio_mdev_config_ops;
> +	vm_dev->mdev = mdev;
> +	vm_dev->vqs = NULL;
> +	spin_lock_init(&vm_dev->lock);
> +
> +	vm_dev->version = virtio_mdev_readl(mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_VERSION);
> +	if (vm_dev->version != 1) {
> +		dev_err(dev, "Version %ld not supported!\n",
> +			vm_dev->version);
> +		return -ENXIO;
> +	}
> +
> +	vm_dev->vdev.id.device = virtio_mdev_readl(mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_ID);
> +	if (vm_dev->vdev.id.device == 0)
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
> +	vm_dev->vdev.id.vendor = virtio_mdev_readl(mdev, VIRTIO_MDEV_VENDOR_ID);
> +	rc = register_virtio_device(&vm_dev->vdev);
> +	if (rc)
> +		put_device(dev);
> +
> +	dev_set_drvdata(dev, vm_dev);
> +
> +	return rc;
> +
> +}
> +
> +static void virtio_mdev_remove(struct device *dev)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_mdev_device *vm_dev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
> +
> +	unregister_virtio_device(&vm_dev->vdev);
> +}
> +
> +static struct mdev_driver virtio_mdev_driver = {
> +	.name	= "virtio_mdev",
> +	.probe	= virtio_mdev_probe,
> +	.remove	= virtio_mdev_remove,
> +};
> +
> +static int __init virtio_mdev_init(void)
> +{
> +	return mdev_register_driver(&virtio_mdev_driver, THIS_MODULE);
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit virtio_mdev_exit(void)
> +{
> +	mdev_unregister_driver(&virtio_mdev_driver);
> +}
> +
> +module_init(virtio_mdev_init)
> +module_exit(virtio_mdev_exit)
> +
> +MODULE_VERSION(DRIVER_VERSION);
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> +MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRIVER_DESC);
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..8040de6b960a
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,131 @@
> +/*
> + * Virtio mediated device driver
> + *
> + * Copyright 2019, Red Hat Corp.
> + *
> + * Based on Virtio MMIO driver by ARM Ltd, copyright ARM Ltd. 2011
> + *
> + * This header is BSD licensed so anyone can use the definitions to implement
> + * compatible drivers/servers.
> + *
> + * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
> + * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
> + * are met:
> + * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
> + *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
> + * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
> + *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
> + *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
> + * 3. Neither the name of IBM nor the names of its contributors
> + *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
> + *    without specific prior written permission.
> + * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
> + * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
> + * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
> + * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL IBM OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
> + * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
> + * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
> + * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
> + * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
> + * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
> + * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
> + * SUCH DAMAGE.
> + */
> +#ifndef _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
> +#define _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
> +
> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> +#include <linux/vringh.h>
> +#include <uapi/linux/virtio_net.h>
> +
> +/*
> + * Ioctls
> + */


Pls add a bit more content here. It's redundant to state these
are ioctls. Much better to document what does each one do.

> +
> +struct virtio_mdev_callback {
> +	irqreturn_t (*callback)(void *);
> +	void *private;
> +};
> +
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV 0xAF
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_VQ_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x00, \
> +					 struct virtio_mdev_callback)
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_CONFIG_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x01, \
> +					struct virtio_mdev_callback)

Function pointer in an ioctl parameter? How does this ever make sense?
And can't we use a couple of registers for this, and avoid ioctls?

> +
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_API_STRING		"virtio-mdev"
> +
> +/*
> + * Control registers
> + */
> +
> +/* Magic value ("virt" string) - Read Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_MAGIC_VALUE		0x000
> +
> +/* Virtio device version - Read Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_VERSION		0x004
> +
> +/* Virtio device ID - Read Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_ID		0x008
> +
> +/* Virtio vendor ID - Read Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_VENDOR_ID		0x00c
> +
> +/* Bitmask of the features supported by the device (host)
> + * (32 bits per set) - Read Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES	0x010
> +
> +/* Device (host) features set selector - Write Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES_SEL	0x014
> +
> +/* Bitmask of features activated by the driver (guest)
> + * (32 bits per set) - Write Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES	0x020
> +
> +/* Activated features set selector - Write Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES_SEL	0x024
> +
> +/* Queue selector - Write Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_SEL		0x030
> +
> +/* Maximum size of the currently selected queue - Read Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM_MAX	0x034
> +
> +/* Queue size for the currently selected queue - Write Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM		0x038
> +
> +/* Ready bit for the currently selected queue - Read Write */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY		0x044

Is this same as started?

> +
> +/* Alignment of virtqueue - Read Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_ALIGN		0x048
> +
> +/* Queue notifier - Write Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NOTIFY	0x050
> +
> +/* Device status register - Read Write */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS		0x060
> +
> +/* Selected queue's Descriptor Table address, 64 bits in two halves */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_LOW	0x080
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_HIGH	0x084
> +
> +/* Selected queue's Available Ring address, 64 bits in two halves */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_LOW	0x090
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_HIGH	0x094
> +
> +/* Selected queue's Used Ring address, 64 bits in two halves */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_LOW	0x0a0
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_HIGH	0x0a4
> +
> +/* Configuration atomicity value */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG_GENERATION	0x0fc
> +
> +/* The config space is defined by each driver as
> + * the per-driver configuration space - Read Write */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG		0x100

Mixing device and generic config space is what virtio pci did,
caused lots of problems with extensions.
It would be better to reserve much more space.


> +
> +#endif
> +
> +
> +/* Ready bit for the currently selected queue - Read Write */
> -- 
> 2.19.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC PATCH 4/4] docs: Sample driver to demonstrate how to implement virtio-mdev framework
  2019-09-10  8:19 ` [RFC PATCH 4/4] docs: Sample driver to demonstrate how to implement virtio-mdev framework Jason Wang
@ 2019-09-10 10:15   ` Michael S. Tsirkin
  2019-09-10 13:22     ` Jason Wang
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 17+ messages in thread
From: Michael S. Tsirkin @ 2019-09-10 10:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jason Wang
  Cc: kvm, virtualization, netdev, linux-kernel, kwankhede,
	alex.williamson, cohuck, tiwei.bie, maxime.coquelin,
	cunming.liang, zhihong.wang, rob.miller, idos, xiao.w.wang,
	haotian.wang

On Tue, Sep 10, 2019 at 04:19:35PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
> This sample driver creates mdev device that simulate virtio net device
> over virtio mdev transport. The device is implemented through vringh
> and workqueue.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
> ---
>  samples/Kconfig            |   7 +
>  samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile |   1 +
>  samples/vfio-mdev/mvnet.c  | 766 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  3 files changed, 774 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 samples/vfio-mdev/mvnet.c

So for a POC, this is a bit too rough to be able to judge
whether the approach is workable.
Can you get it a bit more into shape esp wrt UAPI?

> diff --git a/samples/Kconfig b/samples/Kconfig
> index c8dacb4dda80..a1a1ca2c00b7 100644
> --- a/samples/Kconfig
> +++ b/samples/Kconfig
> @@ -131,6 +131,13 @@ config SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_MDPY
>  	  mediated device.  It is a simple framebuffer and supports
>  	  the region display interface (VFIO_GFX_PLANE_TYPE_REGION).
>  
> +config SAMPLE_VIRTIO_MDEV_NET
> +        tristate "Build virtio mdev net example mediated device sample code -- loadable modules only"
> +	depends on VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE && VHOST_RING && m
> +	help
> +	  Build a networking sample device for use as a virtio
> +	  mediated device.
> +
>  config SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_MDPY_FB
>  	tristate "Build VFIO mdpy example guest fbdev driver -- loadable module only"
>  	depends on FB && m
> diff --git a/samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile b/samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile
> index 10d179c4fdeb..f34af90ed0a0 100644
> --- a/samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile
> +++ b/samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile
> @@ -3,3 +3,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_MTTY) += mtty.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_MDPY) += mdpy.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_MDPY_FB) += mdpy-fb.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_MBOCHS) += mbochs.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VIRTIO_MDEV_NET) += mvnet.o
> diff --git a/samples/vfio-mdev/mvnet.c b/samples/vfio-mdev/mvnet.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..da295b41955e
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/samples/vfio-mdev/mvnet.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,766 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> +/*
> + * Mediated virtual virtio-net device driver.
> + *
> + * Copyright (c) 2019, Red Hat Inc. All rights reserved.
> + *     Author: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
> + *
> + * Sample driver


Documentation on how to use this?


> that creates mdev device that simulates ethernet
> + * device virtio mdev transport.


Well not exactly. What it seems to do is short-circuit
RX and TX rings.

> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/fs.h>
> +#include <linux/poll.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/sched.h>
> +#include <linux/wait.h>
> +#include <linux/uuid.h>
> +#include <linux/iommu.h>
> +#include <linux/sysfs.h>
> +#include <linux/file.h>
> +#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
> +#include <linux/mdev.h>
> +#include <uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h>
> +
> +#define VERSION_STRING  "0.1"
> +#define DRIVER_AUTHOR   "NVIDIA Corporation"
> +
> +#define MVNET_CLASS_NAME "mvnet"
> +
> +#define MVNET_NAME       "mvnet"
> +
> +/*
> + * Global Structures
> + */
> +
> +static struct mvnet_dev {
> +	struct class	*vd_class;
> +	struct idr	vd_idr;
> +	struct device	dev;
> +} mvnet_dev;
> +
> +struct mvnet_virtqueue {
> +	struct vringh vring;
> +	struct vringh_kiov iov;
> +	unsigned short head;
> +	bool ready;
> +	u32 desc_addr_lo;
> +	u32 desc_addr_hi;
> +	u32 device_addr_lo;
> +	u32 device_addr_hi;
> +	u32 driver_addr_lo;
> +	u32 driver_addr_hi;
> +	u64 desc_addr;
> +	u64 device_addr;
> +	u64 driver_addr;
> +	void *private;
> +	irqreturn_t (*cb)(void *);
> +};
> +
> +#define MVNET_QUEUE_ALIGN PAGE_SIZE
> +#define MVNET_QUEUE_MAX 256
> +#define MVNET_MAGIC_VALUE ('v' | 'i' << 8 | 'r' << 16 | 't' << 24)
> +#define MVNET_VERSION 0x1 /* Implies virtio 1.0 */
> +#define MVNET_DEVICE_ID 0x1 /* network card */
> +#define MVNET_VENDOR_ID 0 /* is this correct ? */
> +#define MVNET_DEVICE_FEATURES VIRTIO_F_VERSION_1
> +
> +u64 mvnet_features = (1ULL << VIRTIO_F_ANY_LAYOUT) |
> +	             (1ULL << VIRTIO_F_VERSION_1) |
> +		     (1ULL << VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM) ;
> +
> +/* State of each mdev device */
> +struct mvnet_state {
> +	struct mvnet_virtqueue vqs[2];
> +	struct work_struct work;
> +	spinlock_t lock;
> +	struct mdev_device *mdev;
> +	struct virtio_net_config config;
> +	struct virtio_mdev_callback *cbs;
> +	void *buffer;
> +	u32 queue_sel;
> +	u32 driver_features_sel;
> +	u32 driver_features[2];
> +	u32 device_features_sel;
> +	u32 status;
> +	u32 generation;
> +	u32 num;
> +	struct list_head next;
> +};
> +
> +static struct mutex mdev_list_lock;
> +static struct list_head mdev_devices_list;
> +
> +static void mvnet_queue_ready(struct mvnet_state *mvnet, unsigned idx)
> +{
> +	struct mvnet_virtqueue *vq = &mvnet->vqs[idx];
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	vq->desc_addr = (u64)vq->desc_addr_hi << 32 | vq->desc_addr_lo;
> +	vq->device_addr = (u64)vq->device_addr_hi << 32 | vq->device_addr_lo;
> +	vq->driver_addr = (u64)vq->driver_addr_hi << 32 | vq->driver_addr_lo;
> +
> +	ret = vringh_init_kern(&vq->vring, mvnet_features, MVNET_QUEUE_MAX,
> +			       false, (struct vring_desc *)vq->desc_addr,
> +			       (struct vring_avail *)vq->driver_addr,
> +			       (struct vring_used *)vq->device_addr);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t mvnet_read_config(struct mdev_device *mdev,
> +				 u32 *val, loff_t pos)
> +{
> +	struct mvnet_state *mvnet;
> +	struct mvnet_virtqueue *vq;
> +	u32 queue_sel;
> +
> +	if (!mdev || !val)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	mvnet = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
> +	if (!mvnet) {
> +		pr_err("%s mvnet not found\n", __func__);
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +
> +	queue_sel = mvnet->queue_sel;
> +	vq = &mvnet->vqs[queue_sel];
> +
> +	switch (pos) {
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_MAGIC_VALUE:
> +		*val = MVNET_MAGIC_VALUE;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_VERSION:
> +		*val = MVNET_VERSION;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_ID:
> +		*val = MVNET_DEVICE_ID;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_VENDOR_ID:
> +		*val = MVNET_VENDOR_ID;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES:
> +		if (mvnet->device_features_sel)
> +			*val = mvnet_features >> 32;
> +		else
> +			*val = mvnet_features;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM_MAX:
> +		*val = MVNET_QUEUE_MAX;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY:
> +		*val = vq->ready;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_ALIGN:
> +		*val = MVNET_QUEUE_ALIGN;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS:
> +		*val = mvnet->status;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_LOW:
> +		*val = vq->desc_addr_lo;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_HIGH:
> +		*val = vq->desc_addr_hi;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_LOW:
> +		*val = vq->driver_addr_lo;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_HIGH:
> +		*val = vq->driver_addr_hi;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_LOW:
> +		*val = vq->device_addr_lo;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_HIGH:
> +		*val = vq->device_addr_hi;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG_GENERATION:
> +		*val = 1;
> +		break;
> +	default:
> +		pr_err("Unsupported mdev read offset at 0x%x\n", pos);
> +		break;
> +	}
> +
> +	return 4;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t mvnet_read_net_config(struct mdev_device *mdev,
> +				     char *buf, size_t count, loff_t pos)
> +{
> +	struct mvnet_state *mvnet = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
> +
> +	if (!mvnet) {
> +		pr_err("%s mvnet not found\n", __func__);
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (pos + count > sizeof(mvnet->config))
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	memcpy(buf, &mvnet->config + (unsigned)pos, count);
> +
> +	return count;
> +}
> +
> +static void mvnet_vq_reset(struct mvnet_virtqueue *vq)
> +{
> +	vq->ready = 0;
> +	vq->desc_addr_lo = vq->desc_addr_hi = 0;
> +	vq->device_addr_lo = vq->device_addr_hi = 0;
> +	vq->driver_addr_lo = vq->driver_addr_hi = 0;
> +	vq->desc_addr = 0;
> +	vq->driver_addr = 0;
> +	vq->device_addr = 0;
> +	vringh_init_kern(&vq->vring, mvnet_features, MVNET_QUEUE_MAX,
> +			false, 0, 0, 0);
> +}
> +
> +static void mvnet_reset(struct mvnet_state *mvnet)
> +{
> +	int i;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < 2; i++)
> +		mvnet_vq_reset(&mvnet->vqs[i]);
> +
> +	mvnet->queue_sel = 0;
> +	mvnet->driver_features_sel = 0;
> +	mvnet->device_features_sel = 0;
> +	mvnet->status = 0;
> +	++mvnet->generation;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t mvnet_write_config(struct mdev_device *mdev,
> +				  u32 *val, loff_t pos)
> +{
> +	struct mvnet_state *mvnet;
> +	struct mvnet_virtqueue *vq;
> +	u32 queue_sel;
> +
> +	if (!mdev || !val)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	mvnet = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
> +	if (!mvnet) {
> +		pr_err("%s mvnet not found\n", __func__);
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +
> +	queue_sel = mvnet->queue_sel;
> +	vq = &mvnet->vqs[queue_sel];
> +
> +	switch (pos) {
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES_SEL:
> +		mvnet->device_features_sel = *val;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES:
> +		mvnet->driver_features[mvnet->driver_features_sel] = *val;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES_SEL:
> +		mvnet->driver_features_sel = *val;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_SEL:
> +		mvnet->queue_sel = *val;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM:
> +		mvnet->num = *val;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY:
> +		vq->ready = *val;
> +		if (vq->ready) {
> +			spin_lock(&mvnet->lock);
> +			mvnet_queue_ready(mvnet, queue_sel);
> +			spin_unlock(&mvnet->lock);
> +		}
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NOTIFY:
> +		if (vq->ready)
> +			schedule_work(&mvnet->work);
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS:
> +		mvnet->status = *val;
> +		if (*val == 0) {
> +			spin_lock(&mvnet->lock);
> +			mvnet_reset(mvnet);
> +			spin_unlock(&mvnet->lock);
> +		}
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_LOW:
> +		vq->desc_addr_lo = *val;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_HIGH:
> +		vq->desc_addr_hi = *val;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_LOW:
> +		vq->driver_addr_lo = *val;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_HIGH:
> +		vq->driver_addr_hi = *val;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_LOW:
> +		vq->device_addr_lo = *val;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_HIGH:
> +		vq->device_addr_hi = *val;
> +		break;
> +	default:
> +		pr_err("Unsupported write offset! 0x%x\n", pos);
> +		break;
> +	}
> +	spin_unlock(&mvnet->lock);
> +
> +	return 4;
> +}
> +
> +static void mvnet_work(struct work_struct *work)
> +{
> +	struct mvnet_state *mvnet = container_of(work, struct
> +						 mvnet_state, work);
> +	struct mvnet_virtqueue *txq = &mvnet->vqs[1];
> +	struct mvnet_virtqueue *rxq = &mvnet->vqs[0];
> +	size_t read, write, total_write;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +	int err;
> +	int pkts = 0;
> +
> +	spin_lock(&mvnet->lock);
> +
> +	if (!txq->ready || !rxq->ready)
> +		goto out;
> +
> +	while (true) {
> +		total_write = 0;
> +		err = vringh_getdesc_kern(&txq->vring, &txq->iov, NULL,
> +					  &txq->head, GFP_KERNEL);
> +		if (err <= 0)
> +			break;
> +
> +		err = vringh_getdesc_kern(&rxq->vring, NULL, &rxq->iov,
> +					  &rxq->head, GFP_KERNEL);


GFP_KERNEL under a spin_lock will cause deadlocks.


> +		if (err <= 0) {
> +			vringh_complete_kern(&txq->vring, txq->head, 0);
> +			break;
> +		}
> +
> +		while (true) {
> +			read = vringh_iov_pull_kern(&txq->iov, mvnet->buffer,
> +						    PAGE_SIZE);
> +			if (read <= 0)
> +				break;
> +
> +			write = vringh_iov_push_kern(&rxq->iov, mvnet->buffer,
> +						     read);
> +			if (write <= 0)
> +				break;
> +
> +			total_write += write;
> +		}
> +
> +		/* Make sure data is wrote before advancing index */
> +		smp_wmb();
> +
> +		vringh_complete_kern(&txq->vring, txq->head, 0);
> +		vringh_complete_kern(&rxq->vring, rxq->head, total_write);
> +
> +		/* Make sure used is visible before rasing the
> +		   interrupt */
> +		smp_wmb();
> +
> +		local_bh_disable();
> +		if (txq->cb)
> +			txq->cb(txq->private);
> +		if (rxq->cb)
> +			rxq->cb(rxq->private);
> +		local_bh_enable();
> +
> +		pkts ++;

coding style problem

> +		if (pkts > 4) {
> +			schedule_work(&mvnet->work);
> +			goto out;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +out:
> +	spin_unlock(&mvnet->lock);
> +}
> +
> +static dma_addr_t mvnet_map_page(struct device *dev, struct page *page,
> +				 unsigned long offset, size_t size,
> +				 enum dma_data_direction dir,
> +				 unsigned long attrs)
> +{
> +	/* Vringh can only use VA */
> +	return page_address(page) + offset;
> +}
> +
> +static void mvnet_unmap_page(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr,
> +			     size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir,
> +			     unsigned long attrs)
> +{
> +	return ;
> +}
> +
> +static void *mvnet_alloc_coherent(struct device *dev, size_t size,
> +				  dma_addr_t *dma_addr, gfp_t flag,
> +				  unsigned long attrs)
> +{
> +	void *ret = kmalloc(size, flag);
> +
> +	if (ret == NULL)

!ret is nicer

> +		*dma_addr = DMA_MAPPING_ERROR;
> +	else
> +		*dma_addr = ret;

Not sure how does this build ... don't we need a cast?

> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void mvnet_free_coherent(struct device *dev, size_t size,
> +				void *vaddr, dma_addr_t dma_addr,
> +				unsigned long attrs)
> +{
> +	kfree(dma_addr);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct dma_map_ops mvnet_dma_ops = {
> +	.map_page = mvnet_map_page,
> +	.unmap_page = mvnet_unmap_page,
> +	.alloc = mvnet_alloc_coherent,
> +	.free = mvnet_free_coherent,
> +};
> +
> +static int mvnet_create(struct kobject *kobj, struct mdev_device *mdev)
> +{
> +	struct mvnet_state *mvnet;
> +	struct virtio_net_config *config;
> +
> +	if (!mdev)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	mvnet = kzalloc(sizeof(struct mvnet_state), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (mvnet == NULL)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	mvnet->buffer = kmalloc(PAGE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!mvnet->buffer) {
> +		kfree(mvnet);
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +	}
> +
> +	config = &mvnet->config;
> +	config->mtu = 1500;
> +	config->status = VIRTIO_NET_S_LINK_UP;
> +	eth_random_addr(config->mac);
> +
> +	INIT_WORK(&mvnet->work, mvnet_work);
> +
> +	spin_lock_init(&mvnet->lock);
> +	mvnet->mdev = mdev;
> +	mdev_set_drvdata(mdev, mvnet);
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
> +	list_add(&mvnet->next, &mdev_devices_list);
> +	mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
> +
> +	mdev_set_dma_ops(mdev, &mvnet_dma_ops);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int mvnet_remove(struct mdev_device *mdev)
> +{
> +	struct mvnet_state *mds, *tmp_mds;
> +	struct mvnet_state *mvnet = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
> +	int ret = -EINVAL;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
> +	list_for_each_entry_safe(mds, tmp_mds, &mdev_devices_list, next) {
> +		if (mvnet == mds) {
> +			list_del(&mvnet->next);
> +			mdev_set_drvdata(mdev, NULL);
> +			kfree(mvnet->buffer);
> +			kfree(mvnet);
> +			ret = 0;
> +			break;
> +		}
> +	}
> +	mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t mvnet_read(struct mdev_device *mdev, char __user *buf,
> +			  size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
> +{
> +	ssize_t ret;
> +
> +	if (*ppos < VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG) {
> +		if (count == 4)
> +			ret = mvnet_read_config(mdev, (u32 *)buf, *ppos);
> +		else
> +			ret = -EINVAL;
> +		*ppos += 4;
> +	} else if (*ppos < VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG + sizeof(struct virtio_net_config)) {
> +		ret = mvnet_read_net_config(mdev, buf, count,
> +					    *ppos - VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG);
> +		*ppos += count;
> +	} else {
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t mvnet_write(struct mdev_device *mdev, const char __user *buf,
> +			   size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	if (*ppos < VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG) {
> +		if (count == 4)
> +			ret = mvnet_write_config(mdev, (u32 *)buf, *ppos);
> +		else
> +			ret = -EINVAL;
> +		*ppos += 4;
> +	} else {
> +		/* No writable net config */
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static long mvnet_ioctl(struct mdev_device *mdev, unsigned int cmd,
> +			unsigned long arg)
> +{
> +	int ret = 0;
> +	struct mvnet_state *mvnet;
> +	struct virtio_mdev_callback *cb;
> +
> +	if (!mdev)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	mvnet = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
> +	if (!mvnet)
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
> +	spin_lock(&mvnet->lock);
> +
> +	switch (cmd) {
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_VQ_CALLBACK:
> +		cb = (struct virtio_mdev_callback *)arg;
> +		mvnet->vqs[mvnet->queue_sel].cb = cb->callback;
> +		mvnet->vqs[mvnet->queue_sel].private = cb->private;
> +		break;
> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_CONFIG_CALLBACK:
> +		break;

success, but nothing happens.

> +	default:
> +		pr_err("Not supportted ioctl cmd 0x%x\n", cmd);
> +		ret = -ENOTTY;
> +		break;
> +	}
> +
> +	spin_unlock(&mvnet->lock);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int mvnet_open(struct mdev_device *mdev)
> +{
> +	pr_info("%s\n", __func__);
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void mvnet_close(struct mdev_device *mdev)
> +{
> +	pr_info("%s\n", __func__);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t
> +sample_mvnet_dev_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
> +		     char *buf)
> +{
> +	return sprintf(buf, "This is phy device\n");


what's this?

> +}
> +
> +static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(sample_mvnet_dev);
> +
> +static struct attribute *mvnet_dev_attrs[] = {
> +	&dev_attr_sample_mvnet_dev.attr,
> +	NULL,
> +};
> +
> +static const struct attribute_group mvnet_dev_group = {
> +	.name  = "mvnet_dev",
> +	.attrs = mvnet_dev_attrs,
> +};
> +
> +static const struct attribute_group *mvnet_dev_groups[] = {
> +	&mvnet_dev_group,
> +	NULL,
> +};
> +
> +static ssize_t
> +sample_mdev_dev_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
> +		     char *buf)
> +{
> +	if (mdev_from_dev(dev))
> +		return sprintf(buf, "This is MDEV %s\n", dev_name(dev));
> +
> +	return sprintf(buf, "\n");
> +}
> +
> +static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(sample_mdev_dev);
> +
> +static struct attribute *mdev_dev_attrs[] = {
> +	&dev_attr_sample_mdev_dev.attr,
> +	NULL,
> +};
> +
> +static const struct attribute_group mdev_dev_group = {
> +	.name  = "vendor",
> +	.attrs = mdev_dev_attrs,
> +};
> +
> +static const struct attribute_group *mdev_dev_groups[] = {
> +	&mdev_dev_group,
> +	NULL,
> +};
> +
> +#define MVNET_STRING_LEN 16
> +
> +static ssize_t
> +name_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, char *buf)
> +{
> +	char name[MVNET_STRING_LEN];
> +	const char *name_str = "virtio-net";
> +
> +	snprintf(name, MVNET_STRING_LEN, "%s", dev_driver_string(dev));
> +	if (!strcmp(kobj->name, name))
> +		return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", name_str);
> +
> +	return -EINVAL;
> +}
> +
> +static MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(name);
> +
> +static ssize_t
> +available_instances_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, char *buf)
> +{
> +	return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", INT_MAX);
> +}
> +
> +static MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(available_instances);


?

> +
> +static ssize_t device_api_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
> +			       char *buf)
> +{
> +	return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_API_STRING);
> +}
> +
> +static MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(device_api);
> +
> +static struct attribute *mdev_types_attrs[] = {
> +	&mdev_type_attr_name.attr,
> +	&mdev_type_attr_device_api.attr,
> +	&mdev_type_attr_available_instances.attr,
> +	NULL,
> +};
> +
> +static struct attribute_group mdev_type_group = {
> +	.name  = "",
> +	.attrs = mdev_types_attrs,
> +};
> +
> +static struct attribute_group *mdev_type_groups[] = {
> +	&mdev_type_group,
> +	NULL,
> +};
> +
> +static const struct mdev_parent_ops mdev_fops = {
> +	.owner                  = THIS_MODULE,
> +	.dev_attr_groups        = mvnet_dev_groups,
> +	.mdev_attr_groups       = mdev_dev_groups,
> +	.supported_type_groups  = mdev_type_groups,
> +	.create                 = mvnet_create,
> +	.remove			= mvnet_remove,
> +	.open                   = mvnet_open,
> +	.release                = mvnet_close,
> +	.read                   = mvnet_read,
> +	.write                  = mvnet_write,
> +	.ioctl		        = mvnet_ioctl,
> +};
> +
> +static void mvnet_device_release(struct device *dev)
> +{
> +	dev_dbg(dev, "mvnet: released\n");
> +}
> +
> +static int __init mvnet_dev_init(void)
> +{
> +	int ret = 0;
> +
> +	pr_info("mvnet_dev: %s\n", __func__);
> +
> +	memset(&mvnet_dev, 0, sizeof(mvnet_dev));
> +
> +	idr_init(&mvnet_dev.vd_idr);
> +
> +	mvnet_dev.vd_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, MVNET_CLASS_NAME);
> +
> +	if (IS_ERR(mvnet_dev.vd_class)) {
> +		pr_err("Error: failed to register mvnet_dev class\n");
> +		ret = PTR_ERR(mvnet_dev.vd_class);
> +		goto failed1;
> +	}
> +
> +	mvnet_dev.dev.class = mvnet_dev.vd_class;
> +	mvnet_dev.dev.release = mvnet_device_release;
> +	dev_set_name(&mvnet_dev.dev, "%s", MVNET_NAME);
> +
> +	ret = device_register(&mvnet_dev.dev);
> +	if (ret)
> +		goto failed2;
> +
> +	ret = mdev_register_device(&mvnet_dev.dev, &mdev_fops);
> +	if (ret)
> +		goto failed3;
> +
> +	mutex_init(&mdev_list_lock);
> +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mdev_devices_list);
> +
> +	goto all_done;
> +
> +failed3:
> +
> +	device_unregister(&mvnet_dev.dev);
> +failed2:
> +	class_destroy(mvnet_dev.vd_class);
> +
> +failed1:
> +all_done:
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit mvnet_dev_exit(void)
> +{
> +	mvnet_dev.dev.bus = NULL;
> +	mdev_unregister_device(&mvnet_dev.dev);
> +
> +	device_unregister(&mvnet_dev.dev);
> +	idr_destroy(&mvnet_dev.vd_idr);
> +	class_destroy(mvnet_dev.vd_class);
> +	mvnet_dev.vd_class = NULL;
> +	pr_info("mvnet_dev: Unloaded!\n");
> +}
> +
> +module_init(mvnet_dev_init)
> +module_exit(mvnet_dev_exit)
> +
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> +MODULE_INFO(supported, "Test driver that simulate serial port over PCI");
> +MODULE_VERSION(VERSION_STRING);
> +MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
> -- 
> 2.19.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC PATCH 3/4] virtio: introudce a mdev based transport
  2019-09-10 10:01   ` Michael S. Tsirkin
@ 2019-09-10 13:13     ` Jason Wang
  2019-09-10 13:52       ` Michael S. Tsirkin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 17+ messages in thread
From: Jason Wang @ 2019-09-10 13:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Michael S. Tsirkin
  Cc: kvm, virtualization, netdev, linux-kernel, kwankhede,
	alex.williamson, cohuck, tiwei.bie, maxime.coquelin,
	cunming.liang, zhihong.wang, rob.miller, idos, xiao.w.wang,
	haotian.wang


On 2019/9/10 下午6:01, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
>> +#ifndef _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
>> +#define _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
>> +
>> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
>> +#include <linux/vringh.h>
>> +#include <uapi/linux/virtio_net.h>
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * Ioctls
>> + */
> Pls add a bit more content here. It's redundant to state these
> are ioctls. Much better to document what does each one do.


Ok.


>
>> +
>> +struct virtio_mdev_callback {
>> +	irqreturn_t (*callback)(void *);
>> +	void *private;
>> +};
>> +
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV 0xAF
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_VQ_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x00, \
>> +					 struct virtio_mdev_callback)
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_CONFIG_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x01, \
>> +					struct virtio_mdev_callback)
> Function pointer in an ioctl parameter? How does this ever make sense?


I admit this is hacky (casting).


> And can't we use a couple of registers for this, and avoid ioctls?


Yes, how about something like interrupt numbers for each virtqueue and 
config?


>
>> +
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_API_STRING		"virtio-mdev"
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * Control registers
>> + */
>> +
>> +/* Magic value ("virt" string) - Read Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_MAGIC_VALUE		0x000
>> +
>> +/* Virtio device version - Read Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_VERSION		0x004
>> +
>> +/* Virtio device ID - Read Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_ID		0x008
>> +
>> +/* Virtio vendor ID - Read Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_VENDOR_ID		0x00c
>> +
>> +/* Bitmask of the features supported by the device (host)
>> + * (32 bits per set) - Read Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES	0x010
>> +
>> +/* Device (host) features set selector - Write Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES_SEL	0x014
>> +
>> +/* Bitmask of features activated by the driver (guest)
>> + * (32 bits per set) - Write Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES	0x020
>> +
>> +/* Activated features set selector - Write Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES_SEL	0x024
>> +
>> +/* Queue selector - Write Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_SEL		0x030
>> +
>> +/* Maximum size of the currently selected queue - Read Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM_MAX	0x034
>> +
>> +/* Queue size for the currently selected queue - Write Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM		0x038
>> +
>> +/* Ready bit for the currently selected queue - Read Write */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY		0x044
> Is this same as started?


Do you mean "status"?


>
>> +
>> +/* Alignment of virtqueue - Read Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_ALIGN		0x048
>> +
>> +/* Queue notifier - Write Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NOTIFY	0x050
>> +
>> +/* Device status register - Read Write */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS		0x060
>> +
>> +/* Selected queue's Descriptor Table address, 64 bits in two halves */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_LOW	0x080
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_HIGH	0x084
>> +
>> +/* Selected queue's Available Ring address, 64 bits in two halves */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_LOW	0x090
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_HIGH	0x094
>> +
>> +/* Selected queue's Used Ring address, 64 bits in two halves */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_LOW	0x0a0
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_HIGH	0x0a4
>> +
>> +/* Configuration atomicity value */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG_GENERATION	0x0fc
>> +
>> +/* The config space is defined by each driver as
>> + * the per-driver configuration space - Read Write */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG		0x100
> Mixing device and generic config space is what virtio pci did,
> caused lots of problems with extensions.
> It would be better to reserve much more space.


I see, will do this.

Thanks


>
>
>> +
>> +#endif
>> +
>> +
>> +/* Ready bit for the currently selected queue - Read Write */
>> -- 
>> 2.19.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC PATCH 4/4] docs: Sample driver to demonstrate how to implement virtio-mdev framework
  2019-09-10 10:15   ` Michael S. Tsirkin
@ 2019-09-10 13:22     ` Jason Wang
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Jason Wang @ 2019-09-10 13:22 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Michael S. Tsirkin
  Cc: kvm, virtualization, netdev, linux-kernel, kwankhede,
	alex.williamson, cohuck, tiwei.bie, maxime.coquelin,
	cunming.liang, zhihong.wang, rob.miller, idos, xiao.w.wang,
	haotian.wang


On 2019/9/10 下午6:15, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> On Tue, Sep 10, 2019 at 04:19:35PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
>> This sample driver creates mdev device that simulate virtio net device
>> over virtio mdev transport. The device is implemented through vringh
>> and workqueue.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
>> ---
>>   samples/Kconfig            |   7 +
>>   samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile |   1 +
>>   samples/vfio-mdev/mvnet.c  | 766 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>   3 files changed, 774 insertions(+)
>>   create mode 100644 samples/vfio-mdev/mvnet.c
> So for a POC, this is a bit too rough to be able to judge
> whether the approach is workable.
> Can you get it a bit more into shape esp wrt UAPI?


Will do, actually I'm not 100% sure it need to go through UAPI. 
Technically we can expose them for userspace but do we want something 
simpler e.g vhost? Then we can make it as an internal API without caring 
about UAPI stuffs like compatibility etc.

Except for UAPI, another other thing that can help you to judge this 
approach? E.g we can make the device more reasonable rather than a 
simple loopback device, e.g implementing a pair network device. But it 
might be too complex for just a sample.


>
>> diff --git a/samples/Kconfig b/samples/Kconfig
>> index c8dacb4dda80..a1a1ca2c00b7 100644
>> --- a/samples/Kconfig
>> +++ b/samples/Kconfig
>> @@ -131,6 +131,13 @@ config SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_MDPY
>>   	  mediated device.  It is a simple framebuffer and supports
>>   	  the region display interface (VFIO_GFX_PLANE_TYPE_REGION).
>>   
>> +config SAMPLE_VIRTIO_MDEV_NET
>> +        tristate "Build virtio mdev net example mediated device sample code -- loadable modules only"
>> +	depends on VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE && VHOST_RING && m
>> +	help
>> +	  Build a networking sample device for use as a virtio
>> +	  mediated device.
>> +
>>   config SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_MDPY_FB
>>   	tristate "Build VFIO mdpy example guest fbdev driver -- loadable module only"
>>   	depends on FB && m
>> diff --git a/samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile b/samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile
>> index 10d179c4fdeb..f34af90ed0a0 100644
>> --- a/samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile
>> +++ b/samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile
>> @@ -3,3 +3,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_MTTY) += mtty.o
>>   obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_MDPY) += mdpy.o
>>   obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_MDPY_FB) += mdpy-fb.o
>>   obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VFIO_MDEV_MBOCHS) += mbochs.o
>> +obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VIRTIO_MDEV_NET) += mvnet.o
>> diff --git a/samples/vfio-mdev/mvnet.c b/samples/vfio-mdev/mvnet.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..da295b41955e
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/samples/vfio-mdev/mvnet.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,766 @@
>> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
>> +/*
>> + * Mediated virtual virtio-net device driver.
>> + *
>> + * Copyright (c) 2019, Red Hat Inc. All rights reserved.
>> + *     Author: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
>> + *
>> + * Sample driver
>
> Documentation on how to use this?


Will add.


>
>
>> that creates mdev device that simulates ethernet
>> + * device virtio mdev transport.
>
> Well not exactly. What it seems to do is short-circuit
> RX and TX rings.


Yes, a loopback device.


>
>> + */
>> +
>> +#include <linux/init.h>
>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>> +#include <linux/device.h>
>> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
>> +#include <linux/fs.h>
>> +#include <linux/poll.h>
>> +#include <linux/slab.h>
>> +#include <linux/sched.h>
>> +#include <linux/wait.h>
>> +#include <linux/uuid.h>
>> +#include <linux/iommu.h>
>> +#include <linux/sysfs.h>
>> +#include <linux/file.h>
>> +#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
>> +#include <linux/mdev.h>
>> +#include <uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h>
>> +
>> +#define VERSION_STRING  "0.1"
>> +#define DRIVER_AUTHOR   "NVIDIA Corporation"
>> +
>> +#define MVNET_CLASS_NAME "mvnet"
>> +
>> +#define MVNET_NAME       "mvnet"
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * Global Structures
>> + */
>> +
>> +static struct mvnet_dev {
>> +	struct class	*vd_class;
>> +	struct idr	vd_idr;
>> +	struct device	dev;
>> +} mvnet_dev;
>> +
>> +struct mvnet_virtqueue {
>> +	struct vringh vring;
>> +	struct vringh_kiov iov;
>> +	unsigned short head;
>> +	bool ready;
>> +	u32 desc_addr_lo;
>> +	u32 desc_addr_hi;
>> +	u32 device_addr_lo;
>> +	u32 device_addr_hi;
>> +	u32 driver_addr_lo;
>> +	u32 driver_addr_hi;
>> +	u64 desc_addr;
>> +	u64 device_addr;
>> +	u64 driver_addr;
>> +	void *private;
>> +	irqreturn_t (*cb)(void *);
>> +};
>> +
>> +#define MVNET_QUEUE_ALIGN PAGE_SIZE
>> +#define MVNET_QUEUE_MAX 256
>> +#define MVNET_MAGIC_VALUE ('v' | 'i' << 8 | 'r' << 16 | 't' << 24)
>> +#define MVNET_VERSION 0x1 /* Implies virtio 1.0 */
>> +#define MVNET_DEVICE_ID 0x1 /* network card */
>> +#define MVNET_VENDOR_ID 0 /* is this correct ? */
>> +#define MVNET_DEVICE_FEATURES VIRTIO_F_VERSION_1
>> +
>> +u64 mvnet_features = (1ULL << VIRTIO_F_ANY_LAYOUT) |
>> +	             (1ULL << VIRTIO_F_VERSION_1) |
>> +		     (1ULL << VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM) ;
>> +
>> +/* State of each mdev device */
>> +struct mvnet_state {
>> +	struct mvnet_virtqueue vqs[2];
>> +	struct work_struct work;
>> +	spinlock_t lock;
>> +	struct mdev_device *mdev;
>> +	struct virtio_net_config config;
>> +	struct virtio_mdev_callback *cbs;
>> +	void *buffer;
>> +	u32 queue_sel;
>> +	u32 driver_features_sel;
>> +	u32 driver_features[2];
>> +	u32 device_features_sel;
>> +	u32 status;
>> +	u32 generation;
>> +	u32 num;
>> +	struct list_head next;
>> +};
>> +
>> +static struct mutex mdev_list_lock;
>> +static struct list_head mdev_devices_list;
>> +
>> +static void mvnet_queue_ready(struct mvnet_state *mvnet, unsigned idx)
>> +{
>> +	struct mvnet_virtqueue *vq = &mvnet->vqs[idx];
>> +	int ret;
>> +
>> +	vq->desc_addr = (u64)vq->desc_addr_hi << 32 | vq->desc_addr_lo;
>> +	vq->device_addr = (u64)vq->device_addr_hi << 32 | vq->device_addr_lo;
>> +	vq->driver_addr = (u64)vq->driver_addr_hi << 32 | vq->driver_addr_lo;
>> +
>> +	ret = vringh_init_kern(&vq->vring, mvnet_features, MVNET_QUEUE_MAX,
>> +			       false, (struct vring_desc *)vq->desc_addr,
>> +			       (struct vring_avail *)vq->driver_addr,
>> +			       (struct vring_used *)vq->device_addr);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static ssize_t mvnet_read_config(struct mdev_device *mdev,
>> +				 u32 *val, loff_t pos)
>> +{
>> +	struct mvnet_state *mvnet;
>> +	struct mvnet_virtqueue *vq;
>> +	u32 queue_sel;
>> +
>> +	if (!mdev || !val)
>> +		return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> +	mvnet = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
>> +	if (!mvnet) {
>> +		pr_err("%s mvnet not found\n", __func__);
>> +		return -EINVAL;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	queue_sel = mvnet->queue_sel;
>> +	vq = &mvnet->vqs[queue_sel];
>> +
>> +	switch (pos) {
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_MAGIC_VALUE:
>> +		*val = MVNET_MAGIC_VALUE;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_VERSION:
>> +		*val = MVNET_VERSION;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_ID:
>> +		*val = MVNET_DEVICE_ID;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_VENDOR_ID:
>> +		*val = MVNET_VENDOR_ID;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES:
>> +		if (mvnet->device_features_sel)
>> +			*val = mvnet_features >> 32;
>> +		else
>> +			*val = mvnet_features;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM_MAX:
>> +		*val = MVNET_QUEUE_MAX;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY:
>> +		*val = vq->ready;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_ALIGN:
>> +		*val = MVNET_QUEUE_ALIGN;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS:
>> +		*val = mvnet->status;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_LOW:
>> +		*val = vq->desc_addr_lo;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_HIGH:
>> +		*val = vq->desc_addr_hi;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_LOW:
>> +		*val = vq->driver_addr_lo;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_HIGH:
>> +		*val = vq->driver_addr_hi;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_LOW:
>> +		*val = vq->device_addr_lo;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_HIGH:
>> +		*val = vq->device_addr_hi;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG_GENERATION:
>> +		*val = 1;
>> +		break;
>> +	default:
>> +		pr_err("Unsupported mdev read offset at 0x%x\n", pos);
>> +		break;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	return 4;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static ssize_t mvnet_read_net_config(struct mdev_device *mdev,
>> +				     char *buf, size_t count, loff_t pos)
>> +{
>> +	struct mvnet_state *mvnet = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
>> +
>> +	if (!mvnet) {
>> +		pr_err("%s mvnet not found\n", __func__);
>> +		return -EINVAL;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	if (pos + count > sizeof(mvnet->config))
>> +		return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> +	memcpy(buf, &mvnet->config + (unsigned)pos, count);
>> +
>> +	return count;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void mvnet_vq_reset(struct mvnet_virtqueue *vq)
>> +{
>> +	vq->ready = 0;
>> +	vq->desc_addr_lo = vq->desc_addr_hi = 0;
>> +	vq->device_addr_lo = vq->device_addr_hi = 0;
>> +	vq->driver_addr_lo = vq->driver_addr_hi = 0;
>> +	vq->desc_addr = 0;
>> +	vq->driver_addr = 0;
>> +	vq->device_addr = 0;
>> +	vringh_init_kern(&vq->vring, mvnet_features, MVNET_QUEUE_MAX,
>> +			false, 0, 0, 0);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void mvnet_reset(struct mvnet_state *mvnet)
>> +{
>> +	int i;
>> +
>> +	for (i = 0; i < 2; i++)
>> +		mvnet_vq_reset(&mvnet->vqs[i]);
>> +
>> +	mvnet->queue_sel = 0;
>> +	mvnet->driver_features_sel = 0;
>> +	mvnet->device_features_sel = 0;
>> +	mvnet->status = 0;
>> +	++mvnet->generation;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static ssize_t mvnet_write_config(struct mdev_device *mdev,
>> +				  u32 *val, loff_t pos)
>> +{
>> +	struct mvnet_state *mvnet;
>> +	struct mvnet_virtqueue *vq;
>> +	u32 queue_sel;
>> +
>> +	if (!mdev || !val)
>> +		return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> +	mvnet = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
>> +	if (!mvnet) {
>> +		pr_err("%s mvnet not found\n", __func__);
>> +		return -EINVAL;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	queue_sel = mvnet->queue_sel;
>> +	vq = &mvnet->vqs[queue_sel];
>> +
>> +	switch (pos) {
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES_SEL:
>> +		mvnet->device_features_sel = *val;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES:
>> +		mvnet->driver_features[mvnet->driver_features_sel] = *val;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES_SEL:
>> +		mvnet->driver_features_sel = *val;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_SEL:
>> +		mvnet->queue_sel = *val;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM:
>> +		mvnet->num = *val;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY:
>> +		vq->ready = *val;
>> +		if (vq->ready) {
>> +			spin_lock(&mvnet->lock);
>> +			mvnet_queue_ready(mvnet, queue_sel);
>> +			spin_unlock(&mvnet->lock);
>> +		}
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NOTIFY:
>> +		if (vq->ready)
>> +			schedule_work(&mvnet->work);
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS:
>> +		mvnet->status = *val;
>> +		if (*val == 0) {
>> +			spin_lock(&mvnet->lock);
>> +			mvnet_reset(mvnet);
>> +			spin_unlock(&mvnet->lock);
>> +		}
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_LOW:
>> +		vq->desc_addr_lo = *val;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_HIGH:
>> +		vq->desc_addr_hi = *val;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_LOW:
>> +		vq->driver_addr_lo = *val;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_HIGH:
>> +		vq->driver_addr_hi = *val;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_LOW:
>> +		vq->device_addr_lo = *val;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_HIGH:
>> +		vq->device_addr_hi = *val;
>> +		break;
>> +	default:
>> +		pr_err("Unsupported write offset! 0x%x\n", pos);
>> +		break;
>> +	}
>> +	spin_unlock(&mvnet->lock);
>> +
>> +	return 4;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void mvnet_work(struct work_struct *work)
>> +{
>> +	struct mvnet_state *mvnet = container_of(work, struct
>> +						 mvnet_state, work);
>> +	struct mvnet_virtqueue *txq = &mvnet->vqs[1];
>> +	struct mvnet_virtqueue *rxq = &mvnet->vqs[0];
>> +	size_t read, write, total_write;
>> +	unsigned long flags;
>> +	int err;
>> +	int pkts = 0;
>> +
>> +	spin_lock(&mvnet->lock);
>> +
>> +	if (!txq->ready || !rxq->ready)
>> +		goto out;
>> +
>> +	while (true) {
>> +		total_write = 0;
>> +		err = vringh_getdesc_kern(&txq->vring, &txq->iov, NULL,
>> +					  &txq->head, GFP_KERNEL);
>> +		if (err <= 0)
>> +			break;
>> +
>> +		err = vringh_getdesc_kern(&rxq->vring, NULL, &rxq->iov,
>> +					  &rxq->head, GFP_KERNEL);
>
> GFP_KERNEL under a spin_lock will cause deadlocks.


Will fix.


>
>
>> +		if (err <= 0) {
>> +			vringh_complete_kern(&txq->vring, txq->head, 0);
>> +			break;
>> +		}
>> +
>> +		while (true) {
>> +			read = vringh_iov_pull_kern(&txq->iov, mvnet->buffer,
>> +						    PAGE_SIZE);
>> +			if (read <= 0)
>> +				break;
>> +
>> +			write = vringh_iov_push_kern(&rxq->iov, mvnet->buffer,
>> +						     read);
>> +			if (write <= 0)
>> +				break;
>> +
>> +			total_write += write;
>> +		}
>> +
>> +		/* Make sure data is wrote before advancing index */
>> +		smp_wmb();
>> +
>> +		vringh_complete_kern(&txq->vring, txq->head, 0);
>> +		vringh_complete_kern(&rxq->vring, rxq->head, total_write);
>> +
>> +		/* Make sure used is visible before rasing the
>> +		   interrupt */
>> +		smp_wmb();
>> +
>> +		local_bh_disable();
>> +		if (txq->cb)
>> +			txq->cb(txq->private);
>> +		if (rxq->cb)
>> +			rxq->cb(rxq->private);
>> +		local_bh_enable();
>> +
>> +		pkts ++;
> coding style problem


Will fix.


>
>> +		if (pkts > 4) {
>> +			schedule_work(&mvnet->work);
>> +			goto out;
>> +		}
>> +	}
>> +
>> +out:
>> +	spin_unlock(&mvnet->lock);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static dma_addr_t mvnet_map_page(struct device *dev, struct page *page,
>> +				 unsigned long offset, size_t size,
>> +				 enum dma_data_direction dir,
>> +				 unsigned long attrs)
>> +{
>> +	/* Vringh can only use VA */
>> +	return page_address(page) + offset;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void mvnet_unmap_page(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr,
>> +			     size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir,
>> +			     unsigned long attrs)
>> +{
>> +	return ;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void *mvnet_alloc_coherent(struct device *dev, size_t size,
>> +				  dma_addr_t *dma_addr, gfp_t flag,
>> +				  unsigned long attrs)
>> +{
>> +	void *ret = kmalloc(size, flag);
>> +
>> +	if (ret == NULL)
> !ret is nicer


Yes.


>
>> +		*dma_addr = DMA_MAPPING_ERROR;
>> +	else
>> +		*dma_addr = ret;
> Not sure how does this build ... don't we need a cast?


It builds but will fix for sure.


>
>> +
>> +	return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void mvnet_free_coherent(struct device *dev, size_t size,
>> +				void *vaddr, dma_addr_t dma_addr,
>> +				unsigned long attrs)
>> +{
>> +	kfree(dma_addr);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static const struct dma_map_ops mvnet_dma_ops = {
>> +	.map_page = mvnet_map_page,
>> +	.unmap_page = mvnet_unmap_page,
>> +	.alloc = mvnet_alloc_coherent,
>> +	.free = mvnet_free_coherent,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static int mvnet_create(struct kobject *kobj, struct mdev_device *mdev)
>> +{
>> +	struct mvnet_state *mvnet;
>> +	struct virtio_net_config *config;
>> +
>> +	if (!mdev)
>> +		return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> +	mvnet = kzalloc(sizeof(struct mvnet_state), GFP_KERNEL);
>> +	if (mvnet == NULL)
>> +		return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> +	mvnet->buffer = kmalloc(PAGE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
>> +	if (!mvnet->buffer) {
>> +		kfree(mvnet);
>> +		return -ENOMEM;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	config = &mvnet->config;
>> +	config->mtu = 1500;
>> +	config->status = VIRTIO_NET_S_LINK_UP;
>> +	eth_random_addr(config->mac);
>> +
>> +	INIT_WORK(&mvnet->work, mvnet_work);
>> +
>> +	spin_lock_init(&mvnet->lock);
>> +	mvnet->mdev = mdev;
>> +	mdev_set_drvdata(mdev, mvnet);
>> +
>> +	mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
>> +	list_add(&mvnet->next, &mdev_devices_list);
>> +	mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
>> +
>> +	mdev_set_dma_ops(mdev, &mvnet_dma_ops);
>> +
>> +	return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int mvnet_remove(struct mdev_device *mdev)
>> +{
>> +	struct mvnet_state *mds, *tmp_mds;
>> +	struct mvnet_state *mvnet = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
>> +	int ret = -EINVAL;
>> +
>> +	mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
>> +	list_for_each_entry_safe(mds, tmp_mds, &mdev_devices_list, next) {
>> +		if (mvnet == mds) {
>> +			list_del(&mvnet->next);
>> +			mdev_set_drvdata(mdev, NULL);
>> +			kfree(mvnet->buffer);
>> +			kfree(mvnet);
>> +			ret = 0;
>> +			break;
>> +		}
>> +	}
>> +	mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
>> +
>> +	return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static ssize_t mvnet_read(struct mdev_device *mdev, char __user *buf,
>> +			  size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
>> +{
>> +	ssize_t ret;
>> +
>> +	if (*ppos < VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG) {
>> +		if (count == 4)
>> +			ret = mvnet_read_config(mdev, (u32 *)buf, *ppos);
>> +		else
>> +			ret = -EINVAL;
>> +		*ppos += 4;
>> +	} else if (*ppos < VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG + sizeof(struct virtio_net_config)) {
>> +		ret = mvnet_read_net_config(mdev, buf, count,
>> +					    *ppos - VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG);
>> +		*ppos += count;
>> +	} else {
>> +		ret = -EINVAL;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static ssize_t mvnet_write(struct mdev_device *mdev, const char __user *buf,
>> +			   size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
>> +{
>> +	int ret;
>> +
>> +	if (*ppos < VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG) {
>> +		if (count == 4)
>> +			ret = mvnet_write_config(mdev, (u32 *)buf, *ppos);
>> +		else
>> +			ret = -EINVAL;
>> +		*ppos += 4;
>> +	} else {
>> +		/* No writable net config */
>> +		ret = -EINVAL;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static long mvnet_ioctl(struct mdev_device *mdev, unsigned int cmd,
>> +			unsigned long arg)
>> +{
>> +	int ret = 0;
>> +	struct mvnet_state *mvnet;
>> +	struct virtio_mdev_callback *cb;
>> +
>> +	if (!mdev)
>> +		return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> +	mvnet = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
>> +	if (!mvnet)
>> +		return -ENODEV;
>> +
>> +	spin_lock(&mvnet->lock);
>> +
>> +	switch (cmd) {
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_VQ_CALLBACK:
>> +		cb = (struct virtio_mdev_callback *)arg;
>> +		mvnet->vqs[mvnet->queue_sel].cb = cb->callback;
>> +		mvnet->vqs[mvnet->queue_sel].private = cb->private;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_CONFIG_CALLBACK:
>> +		break;
> success, but nothing happens.


Because the device never raise any config interrupt.


>
>> +	default:
>> +		pr_err("Not supportted ioctl cmd 0x%x\n", cmd);
>> +		ret = -ENOTTY;
>> +		break;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	spin_unlock(&mvnet->lock);
>> +
>> +	return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int mvnet_open(struct mdev_device *mdev)
>> +{
>> +	pr_info("%s\n", __func__);
>> +	return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void mvnet_close(struct mdev_device *mdev)
>> +{
>> +	pr_info("%s\n", __func__);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static ssize_t
>> +sample_mvnet_dev_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
>> +		     char *buf)
>> +{
>> +	return sprintf(buf, "This is phy device\n");
>
> what's this?


Will remove, copy&paste error from mtty.c.


>
>> +}
>> +
>> +static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(sample_mvnet_dev);
>> +
>> +static struct attribute *mvnet_dev_attrs[] = {
>> +	&dev_attr_sample_mvnet_dev.attr,
>> +	NULL,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static const struct attribute_group mvnet_dev_group = {
>> +	.name  = "mvnet_dev",
>> +	.attrs = mvnet_dev_attrs,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static const struct attribute_group *mvnet_dev_groups[] = {
>> +	&mvnet_dev_group,
>> +	NULL,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static ssize_t
>> +sample_mdev_dev_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
>> +		     char *buf)
>> +{
>> +	if (mdev_from_dev(dev))
>> +		return sprintf(buf, "This is MDEV %s\n", dev_name(dev));
>> +
>> +	return sprintf(buf, "\n");
>> +}
>> +
>> +static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(sample_mdev_dev);
>> +
>> +static struct attribute *mdev_dev_attrs[] = {
>> +	&dev_attr_sample_mdev_dev.attr,
>> +	NULL,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static const struct attribute_group mdev_dev_group = {
>> +	.name  = "vendor",
>> +	.attrs = mdev_dev_attrs,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static const struct attribute_group *mdev_dev_groups[] = {
>> +	&mdev_dev_group,
>> +	NULL,
>> +};
>> +
>> +#define MVNET_STRING_LEN 16
>> +
>> +static ssize_t
>> +name_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, char *buf)
>> +{
>> +	char name[MVNET_STRING_LEN];
>> +	const char *name_str = "virtio-net";
>> +
>> +	snprintf(name, MVNET_STRING_LEN, "%s", dev_driver_string(dev));
>> +	if (!strcmp(kobj->name, name))
>> +		return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", name_str);
>> +
>> +	return -EINVAL;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(name);
>> +
>> +static ssize_t
>> +available_instances_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, char *buf)
>> +{
>> +	return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", INT_MAX);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(available_instances);
>
> ?


It used to demonstrate how many available instances that could be 
created for this device. We don't have such limitation for software.

Thanks


>
>> +
>> +static ssize_t device_api_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
>> +			       char *buf)
>> +{
>> +	return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_API_STRING);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(device_api);
>> +
>> +static struct attribute *mdev_types_attrs[] = {
>> +	&mdev_type_attr_name.attr,
>> +	&mdev_type_attr_device_api.attr,
>> +	&mdev_type_attr_available_instances.attr,
>> +	NULL,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static struct attribute_group mdev_type_group = {
>> +	.name  = "",
>> +	.attrs = mdev_types_attrs,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static struct attribute_group *mdev_type_groups[] = {
>> +	&mdev_type_group,
>> +	NULL,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static const struct mdev_parent_ops mdev_fops = {
>> +	.owner                  = THIS_MODULE,
>> +	.dev_attr_groups        = mvnet_dev_groups,
>> +	.mdev_attr_groups       = mdev_dev_groups,
>> +	.supported_type_groups  = mdev_type_groups,
>> +	.create                 = mvnet_create,
>> +	.remove			= mvnet_remove,
>> +	.open                   = mvnet_open,
>> +	.release                = mvnet_close,
>> +	.read                   = mvnet_read,
>> +	.write                  = mvnet_write,
>> +	.ioctl		        = mvnet_ioctl,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static void mvnet_device_release(struct device *dev)
>> +{
>> +	dev_dbg(dev, "mvnet: released\n");
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int __init mvnet_dev_init(void)
>> +{
>> +	int ret = 0;
>> +
>> +	pr_info("mvnet_dev: %s\n", __func__);
>> +
>> +	memset(&mvnet_dev, 0, sizeof(mvnet_dev));
>> +
>> +	idr_init(&mvnet_dev.vd_idr);
>> +
>> +	mvnet_dev.vd_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, MVNET_CLASS_NAME);
>> +
>> +	if (IS_ERR(mvnet_dev.vd_class)) {
>> +		pr_err("Error: failed to register mvnet_dev class\n");
>> +		ret = PTR_ERR(mvnet_dev.vd_class);
>> +		goto failed1;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	mvnet_dev.dev.class = mvnet_dev.vd_class;
>> +	mvnet_dev.dev.release = mvnet_device_release;
>> +	dev_set_name(&mvnet_dev.dev, "%s", MVNET_NAME);
>> +
>> +	ret = device_register(&mvnet_dev.dev);
>> +	if (ret)
>> +		goto failed2;
>> +
>> +	ret = mdev_register_device(&mvnet_dev.dev, &mdev_fops);
>> +	if (ret)
>> +		goto failed3;
>> +
>> +	mutex_init(&mdev_list_lock);
>> +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mdev_devices_list);
>> +
>> +	goto all_done;
>> +
>> +failed3:
>> +
>> +	device_unregister(&mvnet_dev.dev);
>> +failed2:
>> +	class_destroy(mvnet_dev.vd_class);
>> +
>> +failed1:
>> +all_done:
>> +	return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void __exit mvnet_dev_exit(void)
>> +{
>> +	mvnet_dev.dev.bus = NULL;
>> +	mdev_unregister_device(&mvnet_dev.dev);
>> +
>> +	device_unregister(&mvnet_dev.dev);
>> +	idr_destroy(&mvnet_dev.vd_idr);
>> +	class_destroy(mvnet_dev.vd_class);
>> +	mvnet_dev.vd_class = NULL;
>> +	pr_info("mvnet_dev: Unloaded!\n");
>> +}
>> +
>> +module_init(mvnet_dev_init)
>> +module_exit(mvnet_dev_exit)
>> +
>> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
>> +MODULE_INFO(supported, "Test driver that simulate serial port over PCI");
>> +MODULE_VERSION(VERSION_STRING);
>> +MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
>> -- 
>> 2.19.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC PATCH 3/4] virtio: introudce a mdev based transport
  2019-09-10 13:13     ` Jason Wang
@ 2019-09-10 13:52       ` Michael S. Tsirkin
  2019-09-11  2:38         ` Jason Wang
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 17+ messages in thread
From: Michael S. Tsirkin @ 2019-09-10 13:52 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jason Wang
  Cc: kvm, virtualization, netdev, linux-kernel, kwankhede,
	alex.williamson, cohuck, tiwei.bie, maxime.coquelin,
	cunming.liang, zhihong.wang, rob.miller, idos, xiao.w.wang,
	haotian.wang

On Tue, Sep 10, 2019 at 09:13:02PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
> 
> On 2019/9/10 下午6:01, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > > +#ifndef _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
> > > +#define _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
> > > +
> > > +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> > > +#include <linux/vringh.h>
> > > +#include <uapi/linux/virtio_net.h>
> > > +
> > > +/*
> > > + * Ioctls
> > > + */
> > Pls add a bit more content here. It's redundant to state these
> > are ioctls. Much better to document what does each one do.
> 
> 
> Ok.
> 
> 
> > 
> > > +
> > > +struct virtio_mdev_callback {
> > > +	irqreturn_t (*callback)(void *);
> > > +	void *private;
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV 0xAF
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_VQ_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x00, \
> > > +					 struct virtio_mdev_callback)
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_CONFIG_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x01, \
> > > +					struct virtio_mdev_callback)
> > Function pointer in an ioctl parameter? How does this ever make sense?
> 
> 
> I admit this is hacky (casting).
> 
> 
> > And can't we use a couple of registers for this, and avoid ioctls?
> 
> 
> Yes, how about something like interrupt numbers for each virtqueue and
> config?

Should we just reuse VIRTIO_PCI_COMMON_Q_XXX then?


> 
> > 
> > > +
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_API_STRING		"virtio-mdev"
> > > +
> > > +/*
> > > + * Control registers
> > > + */
> > > +
> > > +/* Magic value ("virt" string) - Read Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_MAGIC_VALUE		0x000
> > > +
> > > +/* Virtio device version - Read Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_VERSION		0x004
> > > +
> > > +/* Virtio device ID - Read Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_ID		0x008
> > > +
> > > +/* Virtio vendor ID - Read Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_VENDOR_ID		0x00c
> > > +
> > > +/* Bitmask of the features supported by the device (host)
> > > + * (32 bits per set) - Read Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES	0x010
> > > +
> > > +/* Device (host) features set selector - Write Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES_SEL	0x014
> > > +
> > > +/* Bitmask of features activated by the driver (guest)
> > > + * (32 bits per set) - Write Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES	0x020
> > > +
> > > +/* Activated features set selector - Write Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES_SEL	0x024
> > > +
> > > +/* Queue selector - Write Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_SEL		0x030
> > > +
> > > +/* Maximum size of the currently selected queue - Read Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM_MAX	0x034
> > > +
> > > +/* Queue size for the currently selected queue - Write Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM		0x038
> > > +
> > > +/* Ready bit for the currently selected queue - Read Write */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY		0x044
> > Is this same as started?
> 
> 
> Do you mean "status"?

I really meant "enabled", didn't remember the correct name.
As in:  VIRTIO_PCI_COMMON_Q_ENABLE

> 
> > 
> > > +
> > > +/* Alignment of virtqueue - Read Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_ALIGN		0x048
> > > +
> > > +/* Queue notifier - Write Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NOTIFY	0x050
> > > +
> > > +/* Device status register - Read Write */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS		0x060
> > > +
> > > +/* Selected queue's Descriptor Table address, 64 bits in two halves */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_LOW	0x080
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_HIGH	0x084
> > > +
> > > +/* Selected queue's Available Ring address, 64 bits in two halves */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_LOW	0x090
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_HIGH	0x094
> > > +
> > > +/* Selected queue's Used Ring address, 64 bits in two halves */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_LOW	0x0a0
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_HIGH	0x0a4
> > > +
> > > +/* Configuration atomicity value */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG_GENERATION	0x0fc
> > > +
> > > +/* The config space is defined by each driver as
> > > + * the per-driver configuration space - Read Write */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG		0x100
> > Mixing device and generic config space is what virtio pci did,
> > caused lots of problems with extensions.
> > It would be better to reserve much more space.
> 
> 
> I see, will do this.
> 
> Thanks
> 
> 
> > 
> > 
> > > +
> > > +#endif
> > > +
> > > +
> > > +/* Ready bit for the currently selected queue - Read Write */
> > > -- 
> > > 2.19.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC PATCH 3/4] virtio: introudce a mdev based transport
  2019-09-10  8:19 ` [RFC PATCH 3/4] virtio: introudce a mdev based transport Jason Wang
  2019-09-10 10:01   ` Michael S. Tsirkin
@ 2019-09-11  1:47   ` Tiwei Bie
  2019-09-11  2:52     ` Jason Wang
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 17+ messages in thread
From: Tiwei Bie @ 2019-09-11  1:47 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jason Wang
  Cc: mst, kvm, virtualization, netdev, linux-kernel, kwankhede,
	alex.williamson, cohuck, maxime.coquelin, cunming.liang,
	zhihong.wang, rob.miller, idos, xiao.w.wang, haotian.wang

On Tue, Sep 10, 2019 at 04:19:34PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
> This path introduces a new mdev transport for virtio. This is used to
> use kernel virtio driver to drive the mediated device that is capable
> of populating virtqueue directly.
> 
> A new virtio-mdev driver will be registered to the mdev bus, when a
> new virtio-mdev device is probed, it will register the device with
> mdev based config ops. This means, unlike the exist hardware
> transport, this is a software transport between mdev driver and mdev
> device. The transport was implemented through:
> 
> - configuration access was implemented through parent_ops->read()/write()
> - vq/config callback was implemented through parent_ops->ioctl()
> 
> This transport is derived from virtio MMIO protocol and was wrote for
> kernel driver. But for the transport itself, but the design goal is to
> be generic enough to support userspace driver (this part will be added
> in the future).
> 
> Note:
> - current mdev assume all the parameter of parent_ops was from
>   userspace. This prevents us from implementing the kernel mdev
>   driver. For a quick POC, this patch just abuse those parameter and
>   assume the mdev device implementation will treat them as kernel
>   pointer. This should be addressed in the formal series by extending
>   mdev_parent_ops.
> - for a quick POC, I just drive the transport from MMIO, I'm pretty
>   there's lot of optimization space for this.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
> ---
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig        |   7 +
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile       |   1 +
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/virtio_mdev.c  | 500 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h | 131 ++++++++
>  4 files changed, 639 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/virtio_mdev.c
>  create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h
> 
[...]
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..8040de6b960a
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,131 @@
> +/*
> + * Virtio mediated device driver
> + *
> + * Copyright 2019, Red Hat Corp.
> + *
> + * Based on Virtio MMIO driver by ARM Ltd, copyright ARM Ltd. 2011
> + *
> + * This header is BSD licensed so anyone can use the definitions to implement
> + * compatible drivers/servers.
> + *
> + * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
> + * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
> + * are met:
> + * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
> + *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
> + * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
> + *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
> + *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
> + * 3. Neither the name of IBM nor the names of its contributors
> + *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
> + *    without specific prior written permission.
> + * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
> + * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
> + * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
> + * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL IBM OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
> + * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
> + * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
> + * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
> + * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
> + * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
> + * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
> + * SUCH DAMAGE.
> + */
> +#ifndef _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
> +#define _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
> +
> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> +#include <linux/vringh.h>
> +#include <uapi/linux/virtio_net.h>
> +
> +/*
> + * Ioctls
> + */
> +
> +struct virtio_mdev_callback {
> +	irqreturn_t (*callback)(void *);
> +	void *private;
> +};
> +
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV 0xAF
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_VQ_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x00, \
> +					 struct virtio_mdev_callback)
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_CONFIG_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x01, \
> +					struct virtio_mdev_callback)
> +
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_API_STRING		"virtio-mdev"
> +
> +/*
> + * Control registers
> + */
> +
> +/* Magic value ("virt" string) - Read Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_MAGIC_VALUE		0x000
> +
> +/* Virtio device version - Read Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_VERSION		0x004
> +
> +/* Virtio device ID - Read Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_ID		0x008
> +
> +/* Virtio vendor ID - Read Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_VENDOR_ID		0x00c
> +
> +/* Bitmask of the features supported by the device (host)
> + * (32 bits per set) - Read Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES	0x010
> +
> +/* Device (host) features set selector - Write Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES_SEL	0x014
> +
> +/* Bitmask of features activated by the driver (guest)
> + * (32 bits per set) - Write Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES	0x020
> +
> +/* Activated features set selector - Write Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES_SEL	0x024
> +
> +/* Queue selector - Write Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_SEL		0x030
> +
> +/* Maximum size of the currently selected queue - Read Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM_MAX	0x034
> +
> +/* Queue size for the currently selected queue - Write Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM		0x038
> +
> +/* Ready bit for the currently selected queue - Read Write */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY		0x044
> +
> +/* Alignment of virtqueue - Read Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_ALIGN		0x048
> +
> +/* Queue notifier - Write Only */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NOTIFY	0x050
> +
> +/* Device status register - Read Write */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS		0x060
> +
> +/* Selected queue's Descriptor Table address, 64 bits in two halves */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_LOW	0x080
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_HIGH	0x084
> +
> +/* Selected queue's Available Ring address, 64 bits in two halves */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_LOW	0x090
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_HIGH	0x094
> +
> +/* Selected queue's Used Ring address, 64 bits in two halves */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_LOW	0x0a0
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_HIGH	0x0a4
> +
> +/* Configuration atomicity value */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG_GENERATION	0x0fc
> +
> +/* The config space is defined by each driver as
> + * the per-driver configuration space - Read Write */
> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG		0x100

IIUC, we can use above registers with virtio-mdev parent's
read()/write() to access the mdev device from kernel driver.
As you suggested, it's a choice to build vhost-mdev on top
of this abstraction as well. But virtio is the frontend
device which lacks some vhost backend features, e.g. get
vring base, set vring base, negotiate vhost features, etc.
So I'm wondering, does it make sense to reserve some space
for vhost-mdev in kernel to do vhost backend specific setups?
Or do you have any other thoughts?

Besides, I'm also wondering, what's the purpose of making
above registers part of UAPI? And if we make them part
of UAPI, do we also need to make them part of virtio spec?

Thanks!
Tiwei

> +
> +#endif
> +
> +
> +/* Ready bit for the currently selected queue - Read Write */
> -- 
> 2.19.1
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC PATCH 3/4] virtio: introudce a mdev based transport
  2019-09-10 13:52       ` Michael S. Tsirkin
@ 2019-09-11  2:38         ` Jason Wang
  2019-09-11  9:36           ` Michael S. Tsirkin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 17+ messages in thread
From: Jason Wang @ 2019-09-11  2:38 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Michael S. Tsirkin
  Cc: kvm, virtualization, netdev, linux-kernel, kwankhede,
	alex.williamson, cohuck, tiwei.bie, maxime.coquelin,
	cunming.liang, zhihong.wang, rob.miller, idos, xiao.w.wang,
	haotian.wang


On 2019/9/10 下午9:52, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> On Tue, Sep 10, 2019 at 09:13:02PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
>> On 2019/9/10 下午6:01, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
>>>> +#ifndef _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
>>>> +#define _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
>>>> +
>>>> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/vringh.h>
>>>> +#include <uapi/linux/virtio_net.h>
>>>> +
>>>> +/*
>>>> + * Ioctls
>>>> + */
>>> Pls add a bit more content here. It's redundant to state these
>>> are ioctls. Much better to document what does each one do.
>>
>> Ok.
>>
>>
>>>> +
>>>> +struct virtio_mdev_callback {
>>>> +	irqreturn_t (*callback)(void *);
>>>> +	void *private;
>>>> +};
>>>> +
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV 0xAF
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_VQ_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x00, \
>>>> +					 struct virtio_mdev_callback)
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_CONFIG_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x01, \
>>>> +					struct virtio_mdev_callback)
>>> Function pointer in an ioctl parameter? How does this ever make sense?
>>
>> I admit this is hacky (casting).
>>
>>
>>> And can't we use a couple of registers for this, and avoid ioctls?
>>
>> Yes, how about something like interrupt numbers for each virtqueue and
>> config?
> Should we just reuse VIRTIO_PCI_COMMON_Q_XXX then?


You mean something like VIRTIO_PCI_COMMON_Q_MSIX? Then it becomes a PCI 
transport in fact. And using either MSIX or irq number is actually 
another layer of indirection. So I think we can just write callback 
function and parameter through registers.


>
>
>>>> +
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_API_STRING		"virtio-mdev"
>>>> +
>>>> +/*
>>>> + * Control registers
>>>> + */
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Magic value ("virt" string) - Read Only */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_MAGIC_VALUE		0x000
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Virtio device version - Read Only */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_VERSION		0x004
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Virtio device ID - Read Only */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_ID		0x008
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Virtio vendor ID - Read Only */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_VENDOR_ID		0x00c
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Bitmask of the features supported by the device (host)
>>>> + * (32 bits per set) - Read Only */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES	0x010
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Device (host) features set selector - Write Only */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES_SEL	0x014
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Bitmask of features activated by the driver (guest)
>>>> + * (32 bits per set) - Write Only */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES	0x020
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Activated features set selector - Write Only */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES_SEL	0x024
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Queue selector - Write Only */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_SEL		0x030
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Maximum size of the currently selected queue - Read Only */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM_MAX	0x034
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Queue size for the currently selected queue - Write Only */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM		0x038
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Ready bit for the currently selected queue - Read Write */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY		0x044
>>> Is this same as started?
>>
>> Do you mean "status"?
> I really meant "enabled", didn't remember the correct name.
> As in:  VIRTIO_PCI_COMMON_Q_ENABLE


Yes, it's the same.

Thanks


>
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Alignment of virtqueue - Read Only */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_ALIGN		0x048
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Queue notifier - Write Only */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NOTIFY	0x050
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Device status register - Read Write */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS		0x060
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Selected queue's Descriptor Table address, 64 bits in two halves */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_LOW	0x080
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_HIGH	0x084
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Selected queue's Available Ring address, 64 bits in two halves */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_LOW	0x090
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_HIGH	0x094
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Selected queue's Used Ring address, 64 bits in two halves */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_LOW	0x0a0
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_HIGH	0x0a4
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Configuration atomicity value */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG_GENERATION	0x0fc
>>>> +
>>>> +/* The config space is defined by each driver as
>>>> + * the per-driver configuration space - Read Write */
>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG		0x100
>>> Mixing device and generic config space is what virtio pci did,
>>> caused lots of problems with extensions.
>>> It would be better to reserve much more space.
>>
>> I see, will do this.
>>
>> Thanks
>>
>>
>>>
>>>> +
>>>> +#endif
>>>> +
>>>> +
>>>> +/* Ready bit for the currently selected queue - Read Write */
>>>> -- 
>>>> 2.19.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC PATCH 3/4] virtio: introudce a mdev based transport
  2019-09-11  1:47   ` Tiwei Bie
@ 2019-09-11  2:52     ` Jason Wang
  2019-09-11  3:08       ` Tiwei Bie
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 17+ messages in thread
From: Jason Wang @ 2019-09-11  2:52 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Tiwei Bie
  Cc: mst, kvm, virtualization, netdev, linux-kernel, kwankhede,
	alex.williamson, cohuck, maxime.coquelin, cunming.liang,
	zhihong.wang, rob.miller, idos, xiao.w.wang, haotian.wang


On 2019/9/11 上午9:47, Tiwei Bie wrote:
> On Tue, Sep 10, 2019 at 04:19:34PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
>> This path introduces a new mdev transport for virtio. This is used to
>> use kernel virtio driver to drive the mediated device that is capable
>> of populating virtqueue directly.
>>
>> A new virtio-mdev driver will be registered to the mdev bus, when a
>> new virtio-mdev device is probed, it will register the device with
>> mdev based config ops. This means, unlike the exist hardware
>> transport, this is a software transport between mdev driver and mdev
>> device. The transport was implemented through:
>>
>> - configuration access was implemented through parent_ops->read()/write()
>> - vq/config callback was implemented through parent_ops->ioctl()
>>
>> This transport is derived from virtio MMIO protocol and was wrote for
>> kernel driver. But for the transport itself, but the design goal is to
>> be generic enough to support userspace driver (this part will be added
>> in the future).
>>
>> Note:
>> - current mdev assume all the parameter of parent_ops was from
>>    userspace. This prevents us from implementing the kernel mdev
>>    driver. For a quick POC, this patch just abuse those parameter and
>>    assume the mdev device implementation will treat them as kernel
>>    pointer. This should be addressed in the formal series by extending
>>    mdev_parent_ops.
>> - for a quick POC, I just drive the transport from MMIO, I'm pretty
>>    there's lot of optimization space for this.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
>> ---
>>   drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig        |   7 +
>>   drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile       |   1 +
>>   drivers/vfio/mdev/virtio_mdev.c  | 500 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>   include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h | 131 ++++++++
>>   4 files changed, 639 insertions(+)
>>   create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/virtio_mdev.c
>>   create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h
>>
> [...]
>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..8040de6b960a
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h
>> @@ -0,0 +1,131 @@
>> +/*
>> + * Virtio mediated device driver
>> + *
>> + * Copyright 2019, Red Hat Corp.
>> + *
>> + * Based on Virtio MMIO driver by ARM Ltd, copyright ARM Ltd. 2011
>> + *
>> + * This header is BSD licensed so anyone can use the definitions to implement
>> + * compatible drivers/servers.
>> + *
>> + * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
>> + * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
>> + * are met:
>> + * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
>> + *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
>> + * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
>> + *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
>> + *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
>> + * 3. Neither the name of IBM nor the names of its contributors
>> + *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
>> + *    without specific prior written permission.
>> + * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
>> + * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
>> + * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
>> + * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL IBM OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
>> + * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
>> + * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
>> + * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
>> + * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
>> + * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
>> + * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
>> + * SUCH DAMAGE.
>> + */
>> +#ifndef _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
>> +#define _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
>> +
>> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
>> +#include <linux/vringh.h>
>> +#include <uapi/linux/virtio_net.h>
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * Ioctls
>> + */
>> +
>> +struct virtio_mdev_callback {
>> +	irqreturn_t (*callback)(void *);
>> +	void *private;
>> +};
>> +
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV 0xAF
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_VQ_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x00, \
>> +					 struct virtio_mdev_callback)
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_CONFIG_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x01, \
>> +					struct virtio_mdev_callback)
>> +
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_API_STRING		"virtio-mdev"
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * Control registers
>> + */
>> +
>> +/* Magic value ("virt" string) - Read Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_MAGIC_VALUE		0x000
>> +
>> +/* Virtio device version - Read Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_VERSION		0x004
>> +
>> +/* Virtio device ID - Read Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_ID		0x008
>> +
>> +/* Virtio vendor ID - Read Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_VENDOR_ID		0x00c
>> +
>> +/* Bitmask of the features supported by the device (host)
>> + * (32 bits per set) - Read Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES	0x010
>> +
>> +/* Device (host) features set selector - Write Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES_SEL	0x014
>> +
>> +/* Bitmask of features activated by the driver (guest)
>> + * (32 bits per set) - Write Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES	0x020
>> +
>> +/* Activated features set selector - Write Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES_SEL	0x024
>> +
>> +/* Queue selector - Write Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_SEL		0x030
>> +
>> +/* Maximum size of the currently selected queue - Read Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM_MAX	0x034
>> +
>> +/* Queue size for the currently selected queue - Write Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM		0x038
>> +
>> +/* Ready bit for the currently selected queue - Read Write */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY		0x044
>> +
>> +/* Alignment of virtqueue - Read Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_ALIGN		0x048
>> +
>> +/* Queue notifier - Write Only */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NOTIFY	0x050
>> +
>> +/* Device status register - Read Write */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS		0x060
>> +
>> +/* Selected queue's Descriptor Table address, 64 bits in two halves */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_LOW	0x080
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_HIGH	0x084
>> +
>> +/* Selected queue's Available Ring address, 64 bits in two halves */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_LOW	0x090
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_HIGH	0x094
>> +
>> +/* Selected queue's Used Ring address, 64 bits in two halves */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_LOW	0x0a0
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_HIGH	0x0a4
>> +
>> +/* Configuration atomicity value */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG_GENERATION	0x0fc
>> +
>> +/* The config space is defined by each driver as
>> + * the per-driver configuration space - Read Write */
>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG		0x100
> IIUC, we can use above registers with virtio-mdev parent's
> read()/write() to access the mdev device from kernel driver.
> As you suggested, it's a choice to build vhost-mdev on top
> of this abstraction as well. But virtio is the frontend
> device which lacks some vhost backend features, e.g. get
> vring base, set vring base, negotiate vhost features, etc.
> So I'm wondering, does it make sense to reserve some space
> for vhost-mdev in kernel to do vhost backend specific setups?
> Or do you have any other thoughts?


Good point. It's just a quick POC, I plan to add vhost features in the 
next release:

1) set/get virtqueue state (e.g vring base)
2) dirty page tracking
3) for vhost features, if you mean _F_LOG_ALL, it could be done by 2), 
for IOTLB, it requires more thought on the API since current IOTLB API 
is no implemented through ioctl ...


>
> Besides, I'm also wondering, what's the purpose of making
> above registers part of UAPI?


Sorry if it brings confusion. If we do vhost-mdev on top of this, 
there's no need for this to go for UAPI.


> And if we make them part
> of UAPI, do we also need to make them part of virtio spec?


Yes, but I do not think we should put it into UAPI. Technically, 
userspace can use this transport as well with some modification on the 
interrupt part, e.g using eventfd. But is there any value for doing this 
instead of vhost?

Thanks


>
> Thanks!
> Tiwei
>
>> +
>> +#endif
>> +
>> +
>> +/* Ready bit for the currently selected queue - Read Write */
>> -- 
>> 2.19.1
>>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC PATCH 3/4] virtio: introudce a mdev based transport
  2019-09-11  2:52     ` Jason Wang
@ 2019-09-11  3:08       ` Tiwei Bie
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Tiwei Bie @ 2019-09-11  3:08 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jason Wang
  Cc: mst, kvm, virtualization, netdev, linux-kernel, kwankhede,
	alex.williamson, cohuck, maxime.coquelin, cunming.liang,
	zhihong.wang, rob.miller, idos, xiao.w.wang, haotian.wang

On Wed, Sep 11, 2019 at 10:52:03AM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
> On 2019/9/11 上午9:47, Tiwei Bie wrote:
> > On Tue, Sep 10, 2019 at 04:19:34PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
> > > This path introduces a new mdev transport for virtio. This is used to
> > > use kernel virtio driver to drive the mediated device that is capable
> > > of populating virtqueue directly.
> > > 
> > > A new virtio-mdev driver will be registered to the mdev bus, when a
> > > new virtio-mdev device is probed, it will register the device with
> > > mdev based config ops. This means, unlike the exist hardware
> > > transport, this is a software transport between mdev driver and mdev
> > > device. The transport was implemented through:
> > > 
> > > - configuration access was implemented through parent_ops->read()/write()
> > > - vq/config callback was implemented through parent_ops->ioctl()
> > > 
> > > This transport is derived from virtio MMIO protocol and was wrote for
> > > kernel driver. But for the transport itself, but the design goal is to
> > > be generic enough to support userspace driver (this part will be added
> > > in the future).
> > > 
> > > Note:
> > > - current mdev assume all the parameter of parent_ops was from
> > >    userspace. This prevents us from implementing the kernel mdev
> > >    driver. For a quick POC, this patch just abuse those parameter and
> > >    assume the mdev device implementation will treat them as kernel
> > >    pointer. This should be addressed in the formal series by extending
> > >    mdev_parent_ops.
> > > - for a quick POC, I just drive the transport from MMIO, I'm pretty
> > >    there's lot of optimization space for this.
> > > 
> > > Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
> > > ---
> > >   drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig        |   7 +
> > >   drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile       |   1 +
> > >   drivers/vfio/mdev/virtio_mdev.c  | 500 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > >   include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h | 131 ++++++++
> > >   4 files changed, 639 insertions(+)
> > >   create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/virtio_mdev.c
> > >   create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h
> > > 
> > [...]
> > > diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h
> > > new file mode 100644
> > > index 000000000000..8040de6b960a
> > > --- /dev/null
> > > +++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_mdev.h
> > > @@ -0,0 +1,131 @@
> > > +/*
> > > + * Virtio mediated device driver
> > > + *
> > > + * Copyright 2019, Red Hat Corp.
> > > + *
> > > + * Based on Virtio MMIO driver by ARM Ltd, copyright ARM Ltd. 2011
> > > + *
> > > + * This header is BSD licensed so anyone can use the definitions to implement
> > > + * compatible drivers/servers.
> > > + *
> > > + * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
> > > + * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
> > > + * are met:
> > > + * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
> > > + *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
> > > + * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
> > > + *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
> > > + *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
> > > + * 3. Neither the name of IBM nor the names of its contributors
> > > + *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
> > > + *    without specific prior written permission.
> > > + * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
> > > + * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
> > > + * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
> > > + * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL IBM OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
> > > + * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
> > > + * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
> > > + * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
> > > + * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
> > > + * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
> > > + * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
> > > + * SUCH DAMAGE.
> > > + */
> > > +#ifndef _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
> > > +#define _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
> > > +
> > > +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> > > +#include <linux/vringh.h>
> > > +#include <uapi/linux/virtio_net.h>
> > > +
> > > +/*
> > > + * Ioctls
> > > + */
> > > +
> > > +struct virtio_mdev_callback {
> > > +	irqreturn_t (*callback)(void *);
> > > +	void *private;
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV 0xAF
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_VQ_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x00, \
> > > +					 struct virtio_mdev_callback)
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_CONFIG_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x01, \
> > > +					struct virtio_mdev_callback)
> > > +
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_API_STRING		"virtio-mdev"
> > > +
> > > +/*
> > > + * Control registers
> > > + */
> > > +
> > > +/* Magic value ("virt" string) - Read Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_MAGIC_VALUE		0x000
> > > +
> > > +/* Virtio device version - Read Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_VERSION		0x004
> > > +
> > > +/* Virtio device ID - Read Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_ID		0x008
> > > +
> > > +/* Virtio vendor ID - Read Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_VENDOR_ID		0x00c
> > > +
> > > +/* Bitmask of the features supported by the device (host)
> > > + * (32 bits per set) - Read Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES	0x010
> > > +
> > > +/* Device (host) features set selector - Write Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES_SEL	0x014
> > > +
> > > +/* Bitmask of features activated by the driver (guest)
> > > + * (32 bits per set) - Write Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES	0x020
> > > +
> > > +/* Activated features set selector - Write Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES_SEL	0x024
> > > +
> > > +/* Queue selector - Write Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_SEL		0x030
> > > +
> > > +/* Maximum size of the currently selected queue - Read Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM_MAX	0x034
> > > +
> > > +/* Queue size for the currently selected queue - Write Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM		0x038
> > > +
> > > +/* Ready bit for the currently selected queue - Read Write */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY		0x044
> > > +
> > > +/* Alignment of virtqueue - Read Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_ALIGN		0x048
> > > +
> > > +/* Queue notifier - Write Only */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NOTIFY	0x050
> > > +
> > > +/* Device status register - Read Write */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS		0x060
> > > +
> > > +/* Selected queue's Descriptor Table address, 64 bits in two halves */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_LOW	0x080
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_HIGH	0x084
> > > +
> > > +/* Selected queue's Available Ring address, 64 bits in two halves */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_LOW	0x090
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_HIGH	0x094
> > > +
> > > +/* Selected queue's Used Ring address, 64 bits in two halves */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_LOW	0x0a0
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_HIGH	0x0a4
> > > +
> > > +/* Configuration atomicity value */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG_GENERATION	0x0fc
> > > +
> > > +/* The config space is defined by each driver as
> > > + * the per-driver configuration space - Read Write */
> > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG		0x100
> > IIUC, we can use above registers with virtio-mdev parent's
> > read()/write() to access the mdev device from kernel driver.
> > As you suggested, it's a choice to build vhost-mdev on top
> > of this abstraction as well. But virtio is the frontend
> > device which lacks some vhost backend features, e.g. get
> > vring base, set vring base, negotiate vhost features, etc.
> > So I'm wondering, does it make sense to reserve some space
> > for vhost-mdev in kernel to do vhost backend specific setups?
> > Or do you have any other thoughts?
> 
> 
> Good point. It's just a quick POC, I plan to add vhost features in the next
> release:
> 
> 1) set/get virtqueue state (e.g vring base)
> 2) dirty page tracking
> 3) for vhost features, if you mean _F_LOG_ALL, it could be done by 2), for
> IOTLB, it requires more thought on the API since current IOTLB API is no
> implemented through ioctl ...
> 
> 
> > 
> > Besides, I'm also wondering, what's the purpose of making
> > above registers part of UAPI?
> 
> 
> Sorry if it brings confusion. If we do vhost-mdev on top of this, there's no
> need for this to go for UAPI.
> 
> 
> > And if we make them part
> > of UAPI, do we also need to make them part of virtio spec?
> 
> 
> Yes, but I do not think we should put it into UAPI. Technically, userspace
> can use this transport as well with some modification on the interrupt part,
> e.g using eventfd. But is there any value for doing this instead of vhost?

Yeah, I agree. As we already have vhost, I don't see the value
to make virtio become "virtio + vhost".

Thanks,
Tiwei

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC PATCH 3/4] virtio: introudce a mdev based transport
  2019-09-11  2:38         ` Jason Wang
@ 2019-09-11  9:36           ` Michael S. Tsirkin
  2019-09-11  9:53             ` Jason Wang
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 17+ messages in thread
From: Michael S. Tsirkin @ 2019-09-11  9:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jason Wang
  Cc: kvm, virtualization, netdev, linux-kernel, kwankhede,
	alex.williamson, cohuck, tiwei.bie, maxime.coquelin,
	cunming.liang, zhihong.wang, rob.miller, idos, xiao.w.wang,
	haotian.wang

On Wed, Sep 11, 2019 at 10:38:39AM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
> 
> On 2019/9/10 下午9:52, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > On Tue, Sep 10, 2019 at 09:13:02PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
> > > On 2019/9/10 下午6:01, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > > > > +#ifndef _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
> > > > > +#define _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
> > > > > +
> > > > > +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> > > > > +#include <linux/vringh.h>
> > > > > +#include <uapi/linux/virtio_net.h>
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/*
> > > > > + * Ioctls
> > > > > + */
> > > > Pls add a bit more content here. It's redundant to state these
> > > > are ioctls. Much better to document what does each one do.
> > > 
> > > Ok.
> > > 
> > > 
> > > > > +
> > > > > +struct virtio_mdev_callback {
> > > > > +	irqreturn_t (*callback)(void *);
> > > > > +	void *private;
> > > > > +};
> > > > > +
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV 0xAF
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_VQ_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x00, \
> > > > > +					 struct virtio_mdev_callback)
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_CONFIG_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x01, \
> > > > > +					struct virtio_mdev_callback)
> > > > Function pointer in an ioctl parameter? How does this ever make sense?
> > > 
> > > I admit this is hacky (casting).
> > > 
> > > 
> > > > And can't we use a couple of registers for this, and avoid ioctls?
> > > 
> > > Yes, how about something like interrupt numbers for each virtqueue and
> > > config?
> > Should we just reuse VIRTIO_PCI_COMMON_Q_XXX then?
> 
> 
> You mean something like VIRTIO_PCI_COMMON_Q_MSIX? Then it becomes a PCI
> transport in fact. And using either MSIX or irq number is actually another
> layer of indirection. So I think we can just write callback function and
> parameter through registers.

I just realized, all these registers are just encoded so you
can pass stuff through read/write. But it can instead be
just a normal C function call with no messy encoding.
So why do we want to do this encoding?


> 
> > 
> > 
> > > > > +
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_API_STRING		"virtio-mdev"
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/*
> > > > > + * Control registers
> > > > > + */
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Magic value ("virt" string) - Read Only */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_MAGIC_VALUE		0x000
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Virtio device version - Read Only */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_VERSION		0x004
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Virtio device ID - Read Only */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_ID		0x008
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Virtio vendor ID - Read Only */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_VENDOR_ID		0x00c
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Bitmask of the features supported by the device (host)
> > > > > + * (32 bits per set) - Read Only */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES	0x010
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Device (host) features set selector - Write Only */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DEVICE_FEATURES_SEL	0x014
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Bitmask of features activated by the driver (guest)
> > > > > + * (32 bits per set) - Write Only */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES	0x020
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Activated features set selector - Write Only */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_DRIVER_FEATURES_SEL	0x024
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Queue selector - Write Only */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_SEL		0x030
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Maximum size of the currently selected queue - Read Only */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM_MAX	0x034
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Queue size for the currently selected queue - Write Only */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NUM		0x038
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Ready bit for the currently selected queue - Read Write */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_READY		0x044
> > > > Is this same as started?
> > > 
> > > Do you mean "status"?
> > I really meant "enabled", didn't remember the correct name.
> > As in:  VIRTIO_PCI_COMMON_Q_ENABLE
> 
> 
> Yes, it's the same.
> 
> Thanks
> 
> 
> > 
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Alignment of virtqueue - Read Only */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_ALIGN		0x048
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Queue notifier - Write Only */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_NOTIFY	0x050
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Device status register - Read Write */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_STATUS		0x060
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Selected queue's Descriptor Table address, 64 bits in two halves */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_LOW	0x080
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_DESC_HIGH	0x084
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Selected queue's Available Ring address, 64 bits in two halves */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_LOW	0x090
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_AVAIL_HIGH	0x094
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Selected queue's Used Ring address, 64 bits in two halves */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_LOW	0x0a0
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_QUEUE_USED_HIGH	0x0a4
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Configuration atomicity value */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG_GENERATION	0x0fc
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* The config space is defined by each driver as
> > > > > + * the per-driver configuration space - Read Write */
> > > > > +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_CONFIG		0x100
> > > > Mixing device and generic config space is what virtio pci did,
> > > > caused lots of problems with extensions.
> > > > It would be better to reserve much more space.
> > > 
> > > I see, will do this.
> > > 
> > > Thanks
> > > 
> > > 
> > > > 
> > > > > +
> > > > > +#endif
> > > > > +
> > > > > +
> > > > > +/* Ready bit for the currently selected queue - Read Write */
> > > > > -- 
> > > > > 2.19.1

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC PATCH 3/4] virtio: introudce a mdev based transport
  2019-09-11  9:36           ` Michael S. Tsirkin
@ 2019-09-11  9:53             ` Jason Wang
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Jason Wang @ 2019-09-11  9:53 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Michael S. Tsirkin
  Cc: kvm, virtualization, netdev, linux-kernel, kwankhede,
	alex.williamson, cohuck, tiwei.bie, maxime.coquelin,
	cunming.liang, zhihong.wang, rob.miller, idos, xiao.w.wang,
	haotian.wang


On 2019/9/11 下午5:36, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 11, 2019 at 10:38:39AM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
>> On 2019/9/10 下午9:52, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
>>> On Tue, Sep 10, 2019 at 09:13:02PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
>>>> On 2019/9/10 下午6:01, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
>>>>>> +#ifndef _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
>>>>>> +#define _LINUX_VIRTIO_MDEV_H
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
>>>>>> +#include <linux/vringh.h>
>>>>>> +#include <uapi/linux/virtio_net.h>
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +/*
>>>>>> + * Ioctls
>>>>>> + */
>>>>> Pls add a bit more content here. It's redundant to state these
>>>>> are ioctls. Much better to document what does each one do.
>>>> Ok.
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +struct virtio_mdev_callback {
>>>>>> +	irqreturn_t (*callback)(void *);
>>>>>> +	void *private;
>>>>>> +};
>>>>>> +
>>>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV 0xAF
>>>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_VQ_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x00, \
>>>>>> +					 struct virtio_mdev_callback)
>>>>>> +#define VIRTIO_MDEV_SET_CONFIG_CALLBACK _IOW(VIRTIO_MDEV, 0x01, \
>>>>>> +					struct virtio_mdev_callback)
>>>>> Function pointer in an ioctl parameter? How does this ever make sense?
>>>> I admit this is hacky (casting).
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>> And can't we use a couple of registers for this, and avoid ioctls?
>>>> Yes, how about something like interrupt numbers for each virtqueue and
>>>> config?
>>> Should we just reuse VIRTIO_PCI_COMMON_Q_XXX then?
>>
>> You mean something like VIRTIO_PCI_COMMON_Q_MSIX? Then it becomes a PCI
>> transport in fact. And using either MSIX or irq number is actually another
>> layer of indirection. So I think we can just write callback function and
>> parameter through registers.
> I just realized, all these registers are just encoded so you
> can pass stuff through read/write. But it can instead be
> just a normal C function call with no messy encoding.
> So why do we want to do this encoding?


Just because it was easier to start as a POC since mdev_parent_ops is 
the only way to communicate between mdev driver and mdev device right 
now. We can invent private ops besides mdev_parent_ops, e.g a private 
pointer in mdev_parent_ops. I can try this in next version.

Thanks


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC PATCH 2/4] mdev: introduce helper to set per device dma ops
  2019-09-10  8:19 ` [RFC PATCH 2/4] mdev: introduce helper to set per device dma ops Jason Wang
@ 2019-09-17 19:00   ` Alex Williamson
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 17+ messages in thread
From: Alex Williamson @ 2019-09-17 19:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jason Wang
  Cc: mst, kvm, virtualization, netdev, linux-kernel, kwankhede,
	cohuck, tiwei.bie, maxime.coquelin, cunming.liang, zhihong.wang,
	rob.miller, idos, xiao.w.wang, haotian.wang

On Tue, 10 Sep 2019 16:19:33 +0800
Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com> wrote:

> This patch introduces mdev_set_dma_ops() which allows parent to set
> per device DMA ops. This help for the kernel driver to setup a correct
> DMA mappings.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
> ---
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c | 7 +++++++
>  include/linux/mdev.h          | 2 ++
>  2 files changed, 9 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> index b558d4cfd082..eb28552082d7 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> @@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
>  #include <linux/uuid.h>
>  #include <linux/sysfs.h>
>  #include <linux/mdev.h>
> +#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
>  
>  #include "mdev_private.h"
>  
> @@ -27,6 +28,12 @@ static struct class_compat *mdev_bus_compat_class;
>  static LIST_HEAD(mdev_list);
>  static DEFINE_MUTEX(mdev_list_lock);
>  
> +void mdev_set_dma_ops(struct mdev_device *mdev, struct dma_map_ops *ops)
> +{
> +	set_dma_ops(&mdev->dev, ops);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_set_dma_ops);
> +

Why does mdev need to be involved here?  Your sample driver in 4/4 calls
this from its create callback, where it could just as easily call:

  set_dma_ops(mdev_dev(mdev), ops);

Thanks,
Alex

>  struct device *mdev_parent_dev(struct mdev_device *mdev)
>  {
>  	return mdev->parent->dev;
> diff --git a/include/linux/mdev.h b/include/linux/mdev.h
> index 0ce30ca78db0..7195f40bf8bf 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mdev.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mdev.h
> @@ -145,4 +145,6 @@ struct device *mdev_parent_dev(struct mdev_device *mdev);
>  struct device *mdev_dev(struct mdev_device *mdev);
>  struct mdev_device *mdev_from_dev(struct device *dev);
>  
> +void mdev_set_dma_ops(struct mdev_device *mdev, struct dma_map_ops *ops);
> +
>  #endif /* MDEV_H */


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 17+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 17+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-09-10  8:19 [RFC PATCH 0/4] mdev based hardware virtio offloading support Jason Wang
2019-09-10  8:19 ` [RFC PATCH 1/4] vringh: fix copy direction of vringh_iov_push_kern() Jason Wang
2019-09-10  8:19 ` [RFC PATCH 2/4] mdev: introduce helper to set per device dma ops Jason Wang
2019-09-17 19:00   ` Alex Williamson
2019-09-10  8:19 ` [RFC PATCH 3/4] virtio: introudce a mdev based transport Jason Wang
2019-09-10 10:01   ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-09-10 13:13     ` Jason Wang
2019-09-10 13:52       ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-09-11  2:38         ` Jason Wang
2019-09-11  9:36           ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-09-11  9:53             ` Jason Wang
2019-09-11  1:47   ` Tiwei Bie
2019-09-11  2:52     ` Jason Wang
2019-09-11  3:08       ` Tiwei Bie
2019-09-10  8:19 ` [RFC PATCH 4/4] docs: Sample driver to demonstrate how to implement virtio-mdev framework Jason Wang
2019-09-10 10:15   ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-09-10 13:22     ` Jason Wang

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