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From: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
To: brijesh.singh@amd.com, pair@us.ibm.com, dgilbert@redhat.com,
	pasic@linux.ibm.com, qemu-devel@nongnu.org
Cc: cohuck@redhat.com,
	Richard Henderson <richard.henderson@linaro.org>,
	Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>,
	David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>,
	borntraeger@de.ibm.com,
	Marcel Apfelbaum <marcel.apfelbaum@gmail.com>,
	Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>,
	mst@redhat.com, jun.nakajima@intel.com, thuth@redhat.com,
	pragyansri.pathi@intel.com, kvm@vger.kernel.org,
	Eduardo Habkost <ehabkost@redhat.com>,
	qemu-s390x@nongnu.org, qemu-ppc@nongnu.org,
	frankja@linux.ibm.com, Greg Kurz <groug@kaod.org>,
	mdroth@linux.vnet.ibm.com,
	David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>,
	berrange@redhat.com, andi.kleen@intel.com
Subject: [PATCH v7 10/13] spapr: Add PEF based confidential guest support
Date: Thu, 14 Jan 2021 10:58:08 +1100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210113235811.1909610-11-david@gibson.dropbear.id.au> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210113235811.1909610-1-david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>

Some upcoming POWER machines have a system called PEF (Protected
Execution Facility) which uses a small ultravisor to allow guests to
run in a way that they can't be eavesdropped by the hypervisor.  The
effect is roughly similar to AMD SEV, although the mechanisms are
quite different.

Most of the work of this is done between the guest, KVM and the
ultravisor, with little need for involvement by qemu.  However qemu
does need to tell KVM to allow secure VMs.

Because the availability of secure mode is a guest visible difference
which depends on having the right hardware and firmware, we don't
enable this by default.  In order to run a secure guest you need to
create a "pef-guest" object and set the confidential-guest-support
property to point to it.

Note that this just *allows* secure guests, the architecture of PEF is
such that the guest still needs to talk to the ultravisor to enter
secure mode.  Qemu has no directl way of knowing if the guest is in
secure mode, and certainly can't know until well after machine
creation time.

To start a PEF-capable guest, use the command line options:
    -object pef-guest,id=pef0 -machine confidential-guest-support=pef0

Signed-off-by: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
---
 docs/confidential-guest-support.txt |   3 +
 docs/papr-pef.txt                   |  30 +++++++
 hw/ppc/meson.build                  |   1 +
 hw/ppc/pef.c                        | 119 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 hw/ppc/spapr.c                      |   6 ++
 include/hw/ppc/pef.h                |  25 ++++++
 target/ppc/kvm.c                    |  18 -----
 target/ppc/kvm_ppc.h                |   6 --
 8 files changed, 184 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 docs/papr-pef.txt
 create mode 100644 hw/ppc/pef.c
 create mode 100644 include/hw/ppc/pef.h

diff --git a/docs/confidential-guest-support.txt b/docs/confidential-guest-support.txt
index 2790425b38..f0801814ff 100644
--- a/docs/confidential-guest-support.txt
+++ b/docs/confidential-guest-support.txt
@@ -40,4 +40,7 @@ Currently supported confidential guest mechanisms are:
 AMD Secure Encrypted Virtualization (SEV)
     docs/amd-memory-encryption.txt
 
+POWER Protected Execution Facility (PEF)
+    docs/papr-pef.txt
+
 Other mechanisms may be supported in future.
diff --git a/docs/papr-pef.txt b/docs/papr-pef.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..6419e995cf
--- /dev/null
+++ b/docs/papr-pef.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+POWER (PAPR) Protected Execution Facility (PEF)
+===============================================
+
+Protected Execution Facility (PEF), also known as Secure Guest support
+is a feature found on IBM POWER9 and POWER10 processors.
+
+If a suitable firmware including an Ultravisor is installed, it adds
+an extra memory protection mode to the CPU.  The ultravisor manages a
+pool of secure memory which cannot be accessed by the hypervisor.
+
+When this feature is enabled in qemu, a guest can use ultracalls to
+enter "secure mode".  This transfers most of its memory to secure
+memory, where it cannot be eavesdropped by a compromised hypervisor.
+
+Launching
+---------
+
+To launch a guest which will be permitted to enter PEF secure mode:
+
+# ${QEMU} \
+    -object pef-guest,id=pef0 \
+    -machine confidential-guest-support=pef0 \
+    ...
+
+Live Migration
+----------------
+
+Live migration is not yet implemented for PEF guests.  For
+consistency, we currently prevent migration if the PEF feature is
+enabled, whether or not the guest has actually entered secure mode.
diff --git a/hw/ppc/meson.build b/hw/ppc/meson.build
index ffa2ec37fa..218631c883 100644
--- a/hw/ppc/meson.build
+++ b/hw/ppc/meson.build
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@ ppc_ss.add(when: 'CONFIG_PSERIES', if_true: files(
   'spapr_nvdimm.c',
   'spapr_rtas_ddw.c',
   'spapr_numa.c',
+  'pef.c',
 ))
 ppc_ss.add(when: 'CONFIG_SPAPR_RNG', if_true: files('spapr_rng.c'))
 ppc_ss.add(when: ['CONFIG_PSERIES', 'CONFIG_LINUX'], if_true: files(
diff --git a/hw/ppc/pef.c b/hw/ppc/pef.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..02b9b3b460
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hw/ppc/pef.c
@@ -0,0 +1,119 @@
+/*
+ * PEF (Protected Execution Facility) for POWER support
+ *
+ * Copyright David Gibson, Redhat Inc. 2020
+ *
+ * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2 or later.
+ * See the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include "qemu/osdep.h"
+
+#include "qapi/error.h"
+#include "qom/object_interfaces.h"
+#include "sysemu/kvm.h"
+#include "migration/blocker.h"
+#include "exec/confidential-guest-support.h"
+#include "hw/ppc/pef.h"
+
+#define TYPE_PEF_GUEST "pef-guest"
+OBJECT_DECLARE_SIMPLE_TYPE(PefGuest, PEF_GUEST)
+
+typedef struct PefGuest PefGuest;
+typedef struct PefGuestClass PefGuestClass;
+
+struct PefGuestClass {
+    ConfidentialGuestSupportClass parent_class;
+};
+
+/**
+ * PefGuest:
+ *
+ * The PefGuest object is used for creating and managing a PEF
+ * guest.
+ *
+ * # $QEMU \
+ *         -object pef-guest,id=pef0 \
+ *         -machine ...,confidential-guest-support=pef0
+ */
+struct PefGuest {
+    ConfidentialGuestSupport parent_obj;
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KVM
+static int kvmppc_svm_init(Error **errp)
+{
+    if (!kvm_check_extension(kvm_state, KVM_CAP_PPC_SECURE_GUEST)) {
+        error_setg(errp,
+                   "KVM implementation does not support Secure VMs (is an ultravisor running?)");
+        return -1;
+    } else {
+        int ret = kvm_vm_enable_cap(kvm_state, KVM_CAP_PPC_SECURE_GUEST, 0, 1);
+
+        if (ret < 0) {
+            error_setg(errp,
+                       "Error enabling PEF with KVM");
+            return -1;
+        }
+    }
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Don't set error if KVM_PPC_SVM_OFF ioctl is invoked on kernels
+ * that don't support this ioctl.
+ */
+void kvmppc_svm_off(Error **errp)
+{
+    int rc;
+
+    if (!kvm_enabled()) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    rc = kvm_vm_ioctl(KVM_STATE(current_accel()), KVM_PPC_SVM_OFF);
+    if (rc && rc != -ENOTTY) {
+        error_setg_errno(errp, -rc, "KVM_PPC_SVM_OFF ioctl failed");
+    }
+}
+#else
+static int kvmppc_svm_init(Error **errp)
+{
+    g_assert_not_reached();
+}
+#endif
+
+int pef_kvm_init(ConfidentialGuestSupport *cgs, Error **errp)
+{
+    if (!object_dynamic_cast(OBJECT(cgs), TYPE_PEF_GUEST)) {
+        return 0;
+    }
+
+    if (!kvm_enabled()) {
+        error_setg(errp, "PEF requires KVM");
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    return kvmppc_svm_init(errp);
+}
+
+OBJECT_DEFINE_TYPE_WITH_INTERFACES(PefGuest,
+                                   pef_guest,
+                                   PEF_GUEST,
+                                   CONFIDENTIAL_GUEST_SUPPORT,
+                                   { TYPE_USER_CREATABLE },
+                                   { NULL })
+
+static void pef_guest_class_init(ObjectClass *oc, void *data)
+{
+}
+
+static void pef_guest_init(Object *obj)
+{
+}
+
+static void pef_guest_finalize(Object *obj)
+{
+}
diff --git a/hw/ppc/spapr.c b/hw/ppc/spapr.c
index 2c403b574e..accf7a834b 100644
--- a/hw/ppc/spapr.c
+++ b/hw/ppc/spapr.c
@@ -83,6 +83,7 @@
 #include "hw/ppc/spapr_tpm_proxy.h"
 #include "hw/ppc/spapr_nvdimm.h"
 #include "hw/ppc/spapr_numa.h"
+#include "hw/ppc/pef.h"
 
 #include "monitor/monitor.h"
 
@@ -2658,6 +2659,11 @@ static void spapr_machine_init(MachineState *machine)
     char *filename;
     Error *resize_hpt_err = NULL;
 
+    /*
+     * if Secure VM (PEF) support is configured, then initialize it
+     */
+    pef_kvm_init(machine->cgs, &error_fatal);
+
     msi_nonbroken = true;
 
     QLIST_INIT(&spapr->phbs);
diff --git a/include/hw/ppc/pef.h b/include/hw/ppc/pef.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..57d4ec9fe6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/hw/ppc/pef.h
@@ -0,0 +1,25 @@
+/*
+ * PEF (Protected Execution Facility) for POWER support
+ *
+ * Copyright David Gibson, Redhat Inc. 2020
+ *
+ * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2 or later.
+ * See the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
+ *
+ */
+
+#ifndef HW_PPC_PEF_H
+#define HW_PPC_PEF_H
+
+int pef_kvm_init(ConfidentialGuestSupport *cgs, Error **errp);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KVM
+void kvmppc_svm_off(Error **errp);
+#else
+static inline void kvmppc_svm_off(Error **errp)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
+
+#endif /* HW_PPC_PEF_H */
diff --git a/target/ppc/kvm.c b/target/ppc/kvm.c
index daf690a678..0c5056dd5b 100644
--- a/target/ppc/kvm.c
+++ b/target/ppc/kvm.c
@@ -2929,21 +2929,3 @@ void kvmppc_set_reg_tb_offset(PowerPCCPU *cpu, int64_t tb_offset)
         kvm_set_one_reg(cs, KVM_REG_PPC_TB_OFFSET, &tb_offset);
     }
 }
-
-/*
- * Don't set error if KVM_PPC_SVM_OFF ioctl is invoked on kernels
- * that don't support this ioctl.
- */
-void kvmppc_svm_off(Error **errp)
-{
-    int rc;
-
-    if (!kvm_enabled()) {
-        return;
-    }
-
-    rc = kvm_vm_ioctl(KVM_STATE(current_accel()), KVM_PPC_SVM_OFF);
-    if (rc && rc != -ENOTTY) {
-        error_setg_errno(errp, -rc, "KVM_PPC_SVM_OFF ioctl failed");
-    }
-}
diff --git a/target/ppc/kvm_ppc.h b/target/ppc/kvm_ppc.h
index 73ce2bc951..989f61ace0 100644
--- a/target/ppc/kvm_ppc.h
+++ b/target/ppc/kvm_ppc.h
@@ -39,7 +39,6 @@ int kvmppc_booke_watchdog_enable(PowerPCCPU *cpu);
 target_ulong kvmppc_configure_v3_mmu(PowerPCCPU *cpu,
                                      bool radix, bool gtse,
                                      uint64_t proc_tbl);
-void kvmppc_svm_off(Error **errp);
 #ifndef CONFIG_USER_ONLY
 bool kvmppc_spapr_use_multitce(void);
 int kvmppc_spapr_enable_inkernel_multitce(void);
@@ -216,11 +215,6 @@ static inline target_ulong kvmppc_configure_v3_mmu(PowerPCCPU *cpu,
     return 0;
 }
 
-static inline void kvmppc_svm_off(Error **errp)
-{
-    return;
-}
-
 static inline void kvmppc_set_reg_ppc_online(PowerPCCPU *cpu,
                                              unsigned int online)
 {
-- 
2.29.2


  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-01-14  1:53 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 45+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-01-13 23:57 [PATCH v7 00/13] Generalize memory encryption models David Gibson
2021-01-13 23:57 ` [PATCH v7 01/13] qom: Allow optional sugar props David Gibson
2021-01-13 23:58 ` [PATCH v7 02/13] confidential guest support: Introduce new confidential guest support class David Gibson
2021-01-14  9:34   ` Daniel P. Berrangé
2021-01-14 10:42     ` David Gibson
2021-01-18 18:51   ` Dr. David Alan Gilbert
2021-01-21  1:06     ` David Gibson
2021-01-21  9:08       ` Dr. David Alan Gilbert
2021-01-29  2:32         ` David Gibson
2021-01-13 23:58 ` [PATCH v7 03/13] sev: Remove false abstraction of flash encryption David Gibson
2021-01-15 12:54   ` Cornelia Huck
2021-01-18  2:59     ` David Gibson
2021-01-13 23:58 ` [PATCH v7 04/13] confidential guest support: Move side effect out of machine_set_memory_encryption() David Gibson
2021-01-15 12:56   ` Cornelia Huck
2021-01-13 23:58 ` [PATCH v7 05/13] confidential guest support: Rework the "memory-encryption" property David Gibson
2021-01-15 13:06   ` Cornelia Huck
2021-01-13 23:58 ` [PATCH v7 06/13] sev: Add Error ** to sev_kvm_init() David Gibson
2021-01-13 23:58 ` [PATCH v7 07/13] confidential guest support: Introduce cgs "ready" flag David Gibson
2021-01-14  8:55   ` Greg Kurz
2021-01-15 13:12   ` Cornelia Huck
2021-01-18 19:47   ` Dr. David Alan Gilbert
2021-01-19  8:16     ` Cornelia Huck
2021-02-02  1:41       ` David Gibson
2021-01-13 23:58 ` [PATCH v7 08/13] confidential guest support: Move SEV initialization into arch specific code David Gibson
2021-01-15 13:24   ` Cornelia Huck
2021-01-18  3:03     ` David Gibson
2021-01-18  8:03       ` Cornelia Huck
2021-01-29  3:12         ` David Gibson
2021-01-13 23:58 ` [PATCH v7 09/13] confidential guest support: Update documentation David Gibson
2021-01-14 10:07   ` Greg Kurz
2021-01-15 15:36   ` Cornelia Huck
2021-01-29  2:36     ` David Gibson
2021-01-13 23:58 ` David Gibson [this message]
2021-01-15 15:41   ` [PATCH v7 10/13] spapr: Add PEF based confidential guest support Cornelia Huck
2021-01-29  2:43     ` David Gibson
2021-01-13 23:58 ` [PATCH v7 11/13] spapr: PEF: prevent migration David Gibson
2021-01-13 23:58 ` [PATCH v7 12/13] confidential guest support: Alter virtio default properties for protected guests David Gibson
2021-01-13 23:58 ` [PATCH v7 13/13] s390: Recognize confidential-guest-support option David Gibson
2021-01-14  9:10   ` Christian Borntraeger
2021-01-14  9:19     ` Christian Borntraeger
2021-01-14  9:24       ` Christian Borntraeger
2021-01-15  0:13         ` David Gibson
2021-01-14 11:45     ` David Gibson
2021-01-15 16:36   ` Cornelia Huck
2021-01-18 17:06     ` Christian Borntraeger

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