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From: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>
To: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org,
	kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu, kvm@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com>,
	Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@arm.com>,
	Jintack Lim <jintack@cs.columbia.edu>,
	Haibo Xu <haibo.xu@linaro.org>, James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>,
	Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>,
	Alexandru Elisei <alexandru.elisei@arm.com>,
	kernel-team@android.com
Subject: [PATCH v4 65/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Fast-track 'InHost' exception returns
Date: Mon, 10 May 2021 17:59:19 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210510165920.1913477-66-maz@kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210510165920.1913477-1-maz@kernel.org>

A significant part of the ARMv8.3-NV extension is to trap ERET
instructions so that the hypervisor gets a chance to switch
from a vEL2 L1 guest to an EL1 L2 guest.

But this also has the unfortunate consequence of trapping ERET
in unsuspecting circumstances, such as staying at vEL2 (interrupt
handling while being in the guest hypervisor), or returning to host
userspace in the case of a VHE guest.

Although we already make some effort to handle these ERET quicker
by not doing the put/load dance, it is still way too far down the
line for it to be efficient enough.

For these cases, it would ideal to ERET directly, no question asked.
Of course, we can't do that. But the next best thing is to do it as
early as possible, in fixup_guest_exit(), much as we would handle
FPSIMD exceptions.

Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>
---
 arch/arm64/kvm/emulate-nested.c | 26 ++--------------
 arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/vhe/switch.c | 53 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 2 files changed, 54 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/emulate-nested.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/emulate-nested.c
index df4661515183..43197ff4a806 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/emulate-nested.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/emulate-nested.c
@@ -52,8 +52,7 @@ bool forward_nv_traps(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 
 void kvm_emulate_nested_eret(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 {
-	u64 spsr, elr, mode;
-	bool direct_eret;
+	u64 spsr, elr;
 
 	/*
 	 * Forward this trap to the virtual EL2 if the virtual
@@ -62,31 +61,10 @@ void kvm_emulate_nested_eret(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 	if (forward_nv_traps(vcpu))
 		return;
 
-	/*
-	 * Going through the whole put/load motions is a waste of time
-	 * if this is a VHE guest hypervisor returning to its own
-	 * userspace, or the hypervisor performing a local exception
-	 * return. No need to save/restore registers, no need to
-	 * switch S2 MMU. Just do the canonical ERET.
-	 */
-	spsr = vcpu_read_sys_reg(vcpu, SPSR_EL2);
-	mode = spsr & (PSR_MODE_MASK | PSR_MODE32_BIT);
-
-	direct_eret  = (mode == PSR_MODE_EL0t &&
-			vcpu_el2_e2h_is_set(vcpu) &&
-			vcpu_el2_tge_is_set(vcpu));
-	direct_eret |= (mode == PSR_MODE_EL2h || mode == PSR_MODE_EL2t);
-
-	if (direct_eret) {
-		*vcpu_pc(vcpu) = vcpu_read_sys_reg(vcpu, ELR_EL2);
-		*vcpu_cpsr(vcpu) = spsr;
-		trace_kvm_nested_eret(vcpu, *vcpu_pc(vcpu), spsr);
-		return;
-	}
-
 	preempt_disable();
 	kvm_arch_vcpu_put(vcpu);
 
+	spsr = __vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, SPSR_EL2);
 	elr = __vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, ELR_EL2);
 
 	trace_kvm_nested_eret(vcpu, elr, spsr);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/vhe/switch.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/vhe/switch.c
index bd4ae1296de4..b3e7d996b54d 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/vhe/switch.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/vhe/switch.c
@@ -166,6 +166,56 @@ void deactivate_traps_vhe_put(void)
 	__deactivate_traps_common();
 }
 
+static bool __hyp_handle_eret(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+	struct kvm_cpu_context *ctxt = &vcpu->arch.ctxt;
+	u64 spsr, mode;
+
+	/*
+	 * Going through the whole put/load motions is a waste of time
+	 * if this is a VHE guest hypervisor returning to its own
+	 * userspace, or the hypervisor performing a local exception
+	 * return. No need to save/restore registers, no need to
+	 * switch S2 MMU. Just do the canonical ERET. Unless the trap
+	 * has to be forwarded further down the line, of course...
+	 */
+	if (kvm_vcpu_trap_get_class(vcpu) != ESR_ELx_EC_ERET)
+		return false;
+
+	/*
+	 * Let the trap forwarding be handled by the normal exception
+	 * handling code.
+	 */
+	if (__vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, HCR_EL2) & HCR_NV)
+		return false;
+
+	spsr = read_sysreg_el1(SYS_SPSR);
+	spsr = __fixup_spsr_el2_read(ctxt, spsr);
+	mode = spsr & (PSR_MODE_MASK | PSR_MODE32_BIT);
+
+	switch (mode) {
+	case PSR_MODE_EL0t:
+		if (!(vcpu_el2_e2h_is_set(vcpu) && vcpu_el2_tge_is_set(vcpu)))
+			return false;
+		break;
+	case PSR_MODE_EL2t:
+		mode = PSR_MODE_EL1t;
+		break;
+	case PSR_MODE_EL2h:
+		mode = PSR_MODE_EL1h;
+		break;
+	default:
+		return false;
+	}
+
+	spsr = (spsr & ~(PSR_MODE_MASK | PSR_MODE32_BIT)) | mode;
+
+	write_sysreg_el2(spsr, SYS_SPSR);
+	write_sysreg_el2(read_sysreg_el1(SYS_ELR), SYS_ELR);
+
+	return true;
+}
+
 static bool fixup_guest_exit_vhe(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *exit_code,
 				 bool hyp_ctxt)
 {
@@ -207,7 +257,8 @@ static bool fixup_guest_exit_vhe(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *exit_code,
 	fixup_guest_exit_prologue(vcpu, exit_code);
 
 	if (*exit_code == ARM_EXCEPTION_TRAP) {
-		/* more to come here */
+		if (__hyp_handle_eret(vcpu))
+			return true;
 	}
 
 	return fixup_guest_exit(vcpu, exit_code);
-- 
2.29.2


  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-05-10 17:31 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 74+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-05-10 16:58 [PATCH v4 00/66] KVM: arm64: ARMv8.3/8.4 Nested Virtualization support Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 01/66] arm64: Add ARM64_HAS_NESTED_VIRT cpufeature Marc Zyngier
2021-05-20 13:32   ` Zenghui Yu
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 02/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Introduce nested virtualization VCPU feature Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 03/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Reset VCPU to EL2 registers if VCPU nested virt is set Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 04/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Allow userspace to set PSR_MODE_EL2x Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 05/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Add EL2 system registers to vcpu context Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 06/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Add nested virt VCPU primitives for vEL2 VCPU state Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 07/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle HCR_EL2.NV system register traps Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 08/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Reset VMPIDR_EL2 and VPIDR_EL2 to sane values Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 09/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Support virtual EL2 exceptions Marc Zyngier
2021-05-20 12:55   ` Zenghui Yu
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 10/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Inject HVC exceptions to the virtual EL2 Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 11/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle trapped ERET from " Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 12/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Add non-VHE-EL2->EL1 translation helpers Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 13/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle virtual EL2 registers in vcpu_read/write_sys_reg() Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 14/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle SPSR_EL2 specially Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 15/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle HCR_EL2.E2H specially Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 16/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Save/Restore vEL2 sysregs Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 17/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Emulate PSTATE.M for a guest hypervisor Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 18/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Trap EL1 VM register accesses in virtual EL2 Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 19/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Trap SPSR_EL1, ELR_EL1 and VBAR_EL1 from " Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 20/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Trap CPACR_EL1 access in " Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 21/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle PSCI call via smc from the guest Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 22/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Respect virtual HCR_EL2.TWX setting Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 23/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Respect virtual CPTR_EL2.{TFP,FPEN} settings Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 24/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Respect the virtual HCR_EL2.NV bit setting Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 25/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Respect virtual HCR_EL2.TVM and TRVM settings Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 26/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Respect the virtual HCR_EL2.NV1 bit setting Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 27/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Emulate EL12 register accesses from the virtual EL2 Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 28/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Forward debug traps to the nested guest Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 29/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Configure HCR_EL2 for nested virtualization Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 30/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Only toggle cache for virtual EL2 when SCTLR_EL2 changes Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 31/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Filter out unsupported features from ID regs Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 32/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Hide RAS from nested guests Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 33/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Support multiple nested Stage-2 mmu structures Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 34/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Implement nested Stage-2 page table walk logic Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 35/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle shadow stage 2 page faults Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 36/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Restrict S2 RD/WR permissions to match the guest's Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 37/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Unmap/flush shadow stage 2 page tables Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 38/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Introduce sys_reg_desc.forward_trap Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 39/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Set a handler for the system instruction traps Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 40/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Trap and emulate AT instructions from virtual EL2 Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 41/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Trap and emulate TLBI " Marc Zyngier
2021-07-14 16:40   ` Chase Conklin
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 42/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Fold guest's HCR_EL2 configuration into the host's Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 43/66] KVM: arm64: nv: arch_timer: Support hyp timer emulation Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 44/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Add handling of EL2-specific timer registers Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:58 ` [PATCH v4 45/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Load timer before the GIC Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 46/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Nested GICv3 Support Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 47/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Don't load the GICv4 context on entering a nested guest Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 48/66] KVM: arm64: nv: vgic: Emulate the HW bit in software Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 49/66] KVM: arm64: nv: vgic: Allow userland to set VGIC maintenance IRQ Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 50/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Implement maintenance interrupt forwarding Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 51/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Add nested GICv3 tracepoints Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 52/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Allow userspace to request KVM_ARM_VCPU_NESTED_VIRT Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 53/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Add handling of ARMv8.4-TTL TLB invalidation Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 54/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Invalidate TLBs based on shadow S2 TTL-like information Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 55/66] KVM: arm64: Allow populating S2 SW bits Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 56/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Tag shadow S2 entries with nested level Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 57/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Add include containing the VNCR_EL2 offsets Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 58/66] KVM: arm64: Map VNCR-capable registers to a separate page Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 59/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Move nested vgic state into the sysreg file Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 60/66] KVM: arm64: Add ARMv8.4 Enhanced Nested Virt cpufeature Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 61/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Synchronize PSTATE early on exit Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 62/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Sync nested timer state with ARMv8.4 Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 63/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Allocate VNCR page when required Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 64/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Enable ARMv8.4-NV support Marc Zyngier
2021-05-10 16:59 ` Marc Zyngier [this message]
2021-05-10 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 66/66] KVM: arm64: nv: Fast-track EL1 TLBIs for VHE guests Marc Zyngier
2021-06-03  7:07 ` [PATCH v4 00/66] KVM: arm64: ARMv8.3/8.4 Nested Virtualization support Jamie Iles
2021-06-03  8:39   ` Marc Zyngier
2021-06-03 11:08     ` Marc Zyngier
2021-06-07  9:59     ` Jamie Iles

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