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From: Wanpeng Li <kernellwp@gmail.com>
To: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
Cc: "Paolo Bonzini" <pbonzini@redhat.com>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>, kvm <kvm@vger.kernel.org>,
	"Radim Krčmář" <rkrcmar@redhat.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 2/5] KVM: LAPIC: inject lapic timer interrupt by posted interrupt
Date: Thu, 20 Jun 2019 08:52:27 +0800
Message-ID: <CANRm+CytP4cvzYhM64opQdKgzrLtXUa4qxky_pDvVciQJd+WPw@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190619210346.GA13033@amt.cnet>

On Thu, 20 Jun 2019 at 05:04, Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Li,
>
> On Wed, Jun 19, 2019 at 08:36:06AM +0800, Wanpeng Li wrote:
> > On Tue, 18 Jun 2019 at 21:36, Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > On Mon, Jun 17, 2019 at 07:24:44PM +0800, Wanpeng Li wrote:
> > > > From: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>
> > > >
> > > > Dedicated instances are currently disturbed by unnecessary jitter due
> > > > to the emulated lapic timers fire on the same pCPUs which vCPUs resident.
> > > > There is no hardware virtual timer on Intel for guest like ARM. Both
> > > > programming timer in guest and the emulated timer fires incur vmexits.
> > > > This patch tries to avoid vmexit which is incurred by the emulated
> > > > timer fires in dedicated instance scenario.
> > > >
> > > > When nohz_full is enabled in dedicated instances scenario, the emulated
> > > > timers can be offload to the nearest busy housekeeping cpus since APICv
> > > > is really common in recent years. The guest timer interrupt is injected
> > > > by posted-interrupt which is delivered by housekeeping cpu once the emulated
> > > > timer fires.
> > > >
> > > > The host admin should fine tuned, e.g. dedicated instances scenario w/
> > > > nohz_full cover the pCPUs which vCPUs resident, several pCPUs surplus
> > > > for busy housekeeping, disable mwait/hlt/pause vmexits to keep in non-root
> > > > mode, ~3% redis performance benefit can be observed on Skylake server.
> > > >
> > > > w/o patch:
> > > >
> > > >             VM-EXIT  Samples  Samples%  Time%   Min Time  Max Time   Avg time
> > > >
> > > > EXTERNAL_INTERRUPT    42916    49.43%   39.30%   0.47us   106.09us   0.71us ( +-   1.09% )
> > > >
> > > > w/ patch:
> > > >
> > > >             VM-EXIT  Samples  Samples%  Time%   Min Time  Max Time         Avg time
> > > >
> > > > EXTERNAL_INTERRUPT    6871     9.29%     2.96%   0.44us    57.88us   0.72us ( +-   4.02% )
> > > >
> > > > Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
> > > > Cc: Radim Krčmář <rkrcmar@redhat.com>
> > > > Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
> > > > Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>
> > > > ---
> > > >  arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c            | 33 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
> > > >  arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h            |  1 +
> > > >  arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c          |  3 ++-
> > > >  arch/x86/kvm/x86.c              |  5 +++++
> > > >  arch/x86/kvm/x86.h              |  2 ++
> > > >  include/linux/sched/isolation.h |  2 ++
> > > >  kernel/sched/isolation.c        |  6 ++++++
> > > >  7 files changed, 44 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
> > > >
> > > > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
> > > > index 87ecb56..9ceeee5 100644
> > > > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
> > > > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
> > > > @@ -122,6 +122,13 @@ static inline u32 kvm_x2apic_id(struct kvm_lapic *apic)
> > > >       return apic->vcpu->vcpu_id;
> > > >  }
> > > >
> > > > +bool posted_interrupt_inject_timer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > > > +{
> > > > +     return pi_inject_timer && kvm_vcpu_apicv_active(vcpu) &&
> > > > +             kvm_hlt_in_guest(vcpu->kvm);
> > > > +}
> > > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(posted_interrupt_inject_timer);
> > >
> > > Paolo, can you explain the reasoning behind this?
> > >
> > > Should not be necessary...
> >
> > Here some new discussions:
> > https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/6/13/1423
>
> Not sure what this has to do with injecting timer
> interrupts via posted interrupts ?

Yeah, need more explain from Paolo! Ping Paolo,

>
> > https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/6/13/1420
>
> Two things (unrelated to the above):
>
> 1) hrtimer_reprogram is unable to wakeup a remote vCPU, therefore
> i believe execution of apic_timer_expired can be delayed.
> Should wakeup the CPU which hosts apic_timer_expired.
>
>
>         /*
>          * If the timer is not on the current cpu, we cannot reprogram
>          * the other cpus clock event device.
>          */
>         if (base->cpu_base != cpu_base)
>                 return;

If it is not the first expiring timer on the new target, we don't need
to reprogram. It can't be the first expired timer on the new target
since below:

/*
 * We switch the timer base to a power-optimized selected CPU target,
 * if:
 * - NO_HZ_COMMON is enabled
 * - timer migration is enabled
 * - the timer callback is not running
 * - the timer is not the first expiring timer on the new target
 *
 * If one of the above requirements is not fulfilled we move the timer
 * to the current CPU or leave it on the previously assigned CPU if
 * the timer callback is currently running.
 */
static inline struct hrtimer_clock_base *
switch_hrtimer_base(struct hrtimer *timer, struct hrtimer_clock_base *base,
   int pinned)

>
> 2) Getting an oops when running cyclictest, debugging...

Radim point out one issue in patch 5/5, not sure that is cause.

Regards,
Wanpeng Li

  reply index

Thread overview: 23+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-06-17 11:24 [PATCH v4 0/5] KVM: LAPIC: Implement Exitless Timer Wanpeng Li
2019-06-17 11:24 ` [PATCH v4 1/5] KVM: LAPIC: Make lapic timer unpinned Wanpeng Li
2019-06-17 11:48   ` Peter Xu
2019-06-18  0:38     ` Wanpeng Li
2019-06-17 11:24 ` [PATCH v4 2/5] KVM: LAPIC: inject lapic timer interrupt by posted interrupt Wanpeng Li
2019-06-18 13:35   ` Marcelo Tosatti
2019-06-19  0:36     ` Wanpeng Li
2019-06-19 21:03       ` Marcelo Tosatti
2019-06-20  0:52         ` Wanpeng Li [this message]
2019-06-21  1:42         ` Wanpeng Li
2019-06-21 21:42           ` Marcelo Tosatti
2019-06-24  8:53             ` Wanpeng Li
2019-06-25 19:00               ` Marcelo Tosatti
2019-06-26 11:02                 ` Wanpeng Li
2019-06-26 16:44                   ` Marcelo Tosatti
2019-06-28  8:26                     ` Wanpeng Li
2019-06-25 17:02             ` Paolo Bonzini
2019-06-17 11:24 ` [PATCH v4 3/5] KVM: LAPIC: Ignore timer migration when lapic timer is injected by pi Wanpeng Li
2019-06-17 11:24 ` [PATCH v4 4/5] KVM: LAPIC: Don't posted inject already-expired timer Wanpeng Li
2019-06-17 11:24 ` [PATCH v4 5/5] KVM: LAPIC: add advance timer support to pi_inject_timer Wanpeng Li
2019-06-17 21:32   ` Radim Krčmář
2019-06-18  0:44     ` Wanpeng Li
2019-06-18  0:57       ` Wanpeng Li

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