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* [PATCH kvmtool] rtc: Generate fdt node for the real-time clock
@ 2020-05-14  9:45 Andre Przywara
  2020-05-14 12:20 ` Mark Rutland
  2020-05-19 16:46 ` Will Deacon
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Andre Przywara @ 2020-05-14  9:45 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Will Deacon, Julien Thierry; +Cc: Sami Mujawar, kvmarm, kvm

On arm and arm64 we expose the Motorola RTC emulation to the guest,
but never advertised this in the device tree.

EDK-2 seems to rely on this device, but on its hardcoded address. To
make this more future-proof, add a DT node with the address in it.
EDK-2 can then read the proper address from there, and we can change
this address later (with the flexible memory layout).

Please note that an arm64 Linux kernel is not ready to use this device,
there are some include files missing under arch/arm64 to compile the
driver. I hacked this up in the kernel, just to verify this DT snippet
is correct, but don't see much value in enabling this properly in
Linux.

Signed-off-by: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com>
---
 hw/rtc.c | 44 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 1 file changed, 38 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/hw/rtc.c b/hw/rtc.c
index c1fa72f2..5483879f 100644
--- a/hw/rtc.c
+++ b/hw/rtc.c
@@ -130,24 +130,56 @@ static struct ioport_operations cmos_ram_index_ioport_ops = {
 	.io_out		= cmos_ram_index_out,
 };
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAS_LIBFDT
+static void generate_rtc_fdt_node(void *fdt,
+				  struct device_header *dev_hdr,
+				  void (*generate_irq_prop)(void *fdt,
+							    u8 irq,
+							    enum irq_type))
+{
+	u64 reg_prop[2] = { cpu_to_fdt64(0x70), cpu_to_fdt64(2) };
+
+	_FDT(fdt_begin_node(fdt, "rtc"));
+	_FDT(fdt_property_string(fdt, "compatible", "motorola,mc146818"));
+	_FDT(fdt_property(fdt, "reg", reg_prop, sizeof(reg_prop)));
+	_FDT(fdt_end_node(fdt));
+}
+#else
+#define generate_rtc_fdt_node NULL
+#endif
+
+struct device_header rtc_dev_hdr = {
+	.bus_type = DEVICE_BUS_IOPORT,
+	.data = generate_rtc_fdt_node,
+};
+
 int rtc__init(struct kvm *kvm)
 {
-	int r = 0;
+	int r;
+
+	r = device__register(&rtc_dev_hdr);
+	if (r < 0)
+		return r;
 
 	/* PORT 0070-007F - CMOS RAM/RTC (REAL TIME CLOCK) */
 	r = ioport__register(kvm, 0x0070, &cmos_ram_index_ioport_ops, 1, NULL);
 	if (r < 0)
-		return r;
+		goto out_device;
 
 	r = ioport__register(kvm, 0x0071, &cmos_ram_data_ioport_ops, 1, NULL);
-	if (r < 0) {
-		ioport__unregister(kvm, 0x0071);
-		return r;
-	}
+	if (r < 0)
+		goto out_ioport;
 
 	/* Set the VRT bit in Register D to indicate valid RAM and time */
 	rtc.cmos_data[RTC_REG_D] = RTC_REG_D_VRT;
 
+	return r;
+
+out_ioport:
+	ioport__unregister(kvm, 0x0070);
+out_device:
+	device__unregister(&rtc_dev_hdr);
+
 	return r;
 }
 dev_init(rtc__init);
-- 
2.17.1

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH kvmtool] rtc: Generate fdt node for the real-time clock
  2020-05-14  9:45 [PATCH kvmtool] rtc: Generate fdt node for the real-time clock Andre Przywara
@ 2020-05-14 12:20 ` Mark Rutland
  2020-05-14 13:11   ` André Przywara
  2020-05-19 16:46 ` Will Deacon
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 4+ messages in thread
From: Mark Rutland @ 2020-05-14 12:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andre Przywara; +Cc: Sami Mujawar, Will Deacon, kvmarm, kvm

Hi Andre,

On Thu, May 14, 2020 at 10:45:53AM +0100, Andre Przywara wrote:
> On arm and arm64 we expose the Motorola RTC emulation to the guest,
> but never advertised this in the device tree.
> 
> EDK-2 seems to rely on this device, but on its hardcoded address. To
> make this more future-proof, add a DT node with the address in it.
> EDK-2 can then read the proper address from there, and we can change
> this address later (with the flexible memory layout).
> 
> Please note that an arm64 Linux kernel is not ready to use this device,
> there are some include files missing under arch/arm64 to compile the
> driver. I hacked this up in the kernel, just to verify this DT snippet
> is correct, but don't see much value in enabling this properly in
> Linux.
>
> Signed-off-by: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com>

With EFI at least, the expectation is that the RTC is accesses via the
runtime EFI services. So as long as EFI knows about the RTC and the
kernel knows about EFI, the kernel can use the RTC that way. It would be
problematic were the kernel to mess with the RTC behind the back of EFI
or vice-versa, so it doesn't make sense to expose voth view to the
kernel simultaneously.

I don't think it makes sense to expose this in the DT unless EFI were
also clearing this from the DT before handing that on to Linux. If we
have that, I think it'd be fine, but on its own this patch introduces a
potnetial problem that I think we should avoid.

Thanks,
Mark.

> ---
>  hw/rtc.c | 44 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
>  1 file changed, 38 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/hw/rtc.c b/hw/rtc.c
> index c1fa72f2..5483879f 100644
> --- a/hw/rtc.c
> +++ b/hw/rtc.c
> @@ -130,24 +130,56 @@ static struct ioport_operations cmos_ram_index_ioport_ops = {
>  	.io_out		= cmos_ram_index_out,
>  };
>  
> +#ifdef CONFIG_HAS_LIBFDT
> +static void generate_rtc_fdt_node(void *fdt,
> +				  struct device_header *dev_hdr,
> +				  void (*generate_irq_prop)(void *fdt,
> +							    u8 irq,
> +							    enum irq_type))
> +{
> +	u64 reg_prop[2] = { cpu_to_fdt64(0x70), cpu_to_fdt64(2) };
> +
> +	_FDT(fdt_begin_node(fdt, "rtc"));
> +	_FDT(fdt_property_string(fdt, "compatible", "motorola,mc146818"));
> +	_FDT(fdt_property(fdt, "reg", reg_prop, sizeof(reg_prop)));
> +	_FDT(fdt_end_node(fdt));
> +}
> +#else
> +#define generate_rtc_fdt_node NULL
> +#endif
> +
> +struct device_header rtc_dev_hdr = {
> +	.bus_type = DEVICE_BUS_IOPORT,
> +	.data = generate_rtc_fdt_node,
> +};
> +
>  int rtc__init(struct kvm *kvm)
>  {
> -	int r = 0;
> +	int r;
> +
> +	r = device__register(&rtc_dev_hdr);
> +	if (r < 0)
> +		return r;
>  
>  	/* PORT 0070-007F - CMOS RAM/RTC (REAL TIME CLOCK) */
>  	r = ioport__register(kvm, 0x0070, &cmos_ram_index_ioport_ops, 1, NULL);
>  	if (r < 0)
> -		return r;
> +		goto out_device;
>  
>  	r = ioport__register(kvm, 0x0071, &cmos_ram_data_ioport_ops, 1, NULL);
> -	if (r < 0) {
> -		ioport__unregister(kvm, 0x0071);
> -		return r;
> -	}
> +	if (r < 0)
> +		goto out_ioport;
>  
>  	/* Set the VRT bit in Register D to indicate valid RAM and time */
>  	rtc.cmos_data[RTC_REG_D] = RTC_REG_D_VRT;
>  
> +	return r;
> +
> +out_ioport:
> +	ioport__unregister(kvm, 0x0070);
> +out_device:
> +	device__unregister(&rtc_dev_hdr);
> +
>  	return r;
>  }
>  dev_init(rtc__init);
> -- 
> 2.17.1
> 
> _______________________________________________
> kvmarm mailing list
> kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu
> https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm
_______________________________________________
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kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu
https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH kvmtool] rtc: Generate fdt node for the real-time clock
  2020-05-14 12:20 ` Mark Rutland
@ 2020-05-14 13:11   ` André Przywara
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: André Przywara @ 2020-05-14 13:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Mark Rutland; +Cc: Sami Mujawar, Will Deacon, kvmarm, kvm

On 14/05/2020 13:20, Mark Rutland wrote:

Hi,

> 
> On Thu, May 14, 2020 at 10:45:53AM +0100, Andre Przywara wrote:
>> On arm and arm64 we expose the Motorola RTC emulation to the guest,
>> but never advertised this in the device tree.
>>
>> EDK-2 seems to rely on this device, but on its hardcoded address. To
>> make this more future-proof, add a DT node with the address in it.
>> EDK-2 can then read the proper address from there, and we can change
>> this address later (with the flexible memory layout).
>>
>> Please note that an arm64 Linux kernel is not ready to use this device,
>> there are some include files missing under arch/arm64 to compile the
>> driver. I hacked this up in the kernel, just to verify this DT snippet
>> is correct, but don't see much value in enabling this properly in
>> Linux.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com>
> 
> With EFI at least, the expectation is that the RTC is accesses via the
> runtime EFI services. So as long as EFI knows about the RTC and the
> kernel knows about EFI, the kernel can use the RTC that way.

Yes, this is how it works at the moment.

> It would be
> problematic were the kernel to mess with the RTC behind the back of EFI
> or vice-versa, so it doesn't make sense to expose voth view to the
> kernel simultaneously.

Agreed.

> I don't think it makes sense to expose this in the DT unless EFI were
> also clearing this from the DT before handing that on to Linux. If we
> have that, I think it'd be fine, but on its own this patch introduces a
> potnetial problem that I think we should avoid.

Yes, removing or at least disabling the node was the plan, but first we
need to convince EDK-2 to actually use it first ;-)

At the moment the addresses are hardcoded, and things look fine, but we
want (and need to) become more flexible with the memory map, so just
relying on 0x70/0x71 doesn't have a future. Especially this low memory
areas already has problems.

From a kvmtool's perspective this "two users problem" shouldn't matter,
though, that's a problem that EDK-2 needs to solve, if it chooses to use
the RTC in its runtime.

And as mentioned: right now Linux can't use the Motorola RTC driver on
arm64, so there is no danger atm that the kernel picks the device up and
uses it.

But I would rather sooner than later let EDK-2 use the DT address,
before this hardcoded address usage becomes to widespread to be ignored.
And yes, I will push for disabling the DT node then in EDK-2.

Cheers,
Andre.

>> ---
>>  hw/rtc.c | 44 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
>>  1 file changed, 38 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/hw/rtc.c b/hw/rtc.c
>> index c1fa72f2..5483879f 100644
>> --- a/hw/rtc.c
>> +++ b/hw/rtc.c
>> @@ -130,24 +130,56 @@ static struct ioport_operations cmos_ram_index_ioport_ops = {
>>  	.io_out		= cmos_ram_index_out,
>>  };
>>  
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_HAS_LIBFDT
>> +static void generate_rtc_fdt_node(void *fdt,
>> +				  struct device_header *dev_hdr,
>> +				  void (*generate_irq_prop)(void *fdt,
>> +							    u8 irq,
>> +							    enum irq_type))
>> +{
>> +	u64 reg_prop[2] = { cpu_to_fdt64(0x70), cpu_to_fdt64(2) };
>> +
>> +	_FDT(fdt_begin_node(fdt, "rtc"));
>> +	_FDT(fdt_property_string(fdt, "compatible", "motorola,mc146818"));
>> +	_FDT(fdt_property(fdt, "reg", reg_prop, sizeof(reg_prop)));
>> +	_FDT(fdt_end_node(fdt));
>> +}
>> +#else
>> +#define generate_rtc_fdt_node NULL
>> +#endif
>> +
>> +struct device_header rtc_dev_hdr = {
>> +	.bus_type = DEVICE_BUS_IOPORT,
>> +	.data = generate_rtc_fdt_node,
>> +};
>> +
>>  int rtc__init(struct kvm *kvm)
>>  {
>> -	int r = 0;
>> +	int r;
>> +
>> +	r = device__register(&rtc_dev_hdr);
>> +	if (r < 0)
>> +		return r;
>>  
>>  	/* PORT 0070-007F - CMOS RAM/RTC (REAL TIME CLOCK) */
>>  	r = ioport__register(kvm, 0x0070, &cmos_ram_index_ioport_ops, 1, NULL);
>>  	if (r < 0)
>> -		return r;
>> +		goto out_device;
>>  
>>  	r = ioport__register(kvm, 0x0071, &cmos_ram_data_ioport_ops, 1, NULL);
>> -	if (r < 0) {
>> -		ioport__unregister(kvm, 0x0071);
>> -		return r;
>> -	}
>> +	if (r < 0)
>> +		goto out_ioport;
>>  
>>  	/* Set the VRT bit in Register D to indicate valid RAM and time */
>>  	rtc.cmos_data[RTC_REG_D] = RTC_REG_D_VRT;
>>  
>> +	return r;
>> +
>> +out_ioport:
>> +	ioport__unregister(kvm, 0x0070);
>> +out_device:
>> +	device__unregister(&rtc_dev_hdr);
>> +
>>  	return r;
>>  }
>>  dev_init(rtc__init);
>> -- 
>> 2.17.1
>>
>> _______________________________________________
>> kvmarm mailing list
>> kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu
>> https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm

_______________________________________________
kvmarm mailing list
kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu
https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH kvmtool] rtc: Generate fdt node for the real-time clock
  2020-05-14  9:45 [PATCH kvmtool] rtc: Generate fdt node for the real-time clock Andre Przywara
  2020-05-14 12:20 ` Mark Rutland
@ 2020-05-19 16:46 ` Will Deacon
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 4+ messages in thread
From: Will Deacon @ 2020-05-19 16:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Julien Thierry, Andre Przywara
  Cc: kvm, catalin.marinas, Sami Mujawar, Will Deacon, kvmarm

On Thu, 14 May 2020 10:45:53 +0100, Andre Przywara wrote:
> On arm and arm64 we expose the Motorola RTC emulation to the guest,
> but never advertised this in the device tree.
> 
> EDK-2 seems to rely on this device, but on its hardcoded address. To
> make this more future-proof, add a DT node with the address in it.
> EDK-2 can then read the proper address from there, and we can change
> this address later (with the flexible memory layout).
> 
> [...]

Applied to kvmtool (master), thanks!

[1/1] rtc: Generate fdt node for the real-time clock
      https://git.kernel.org/will/kvmtool/c/5a3a5c07dd87

Cheers,
-- 
Will

https://fixes.arm64.dev
https://next.arm64.dev
https://will.arm64.dev
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 4+ messages in thread

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2020-05-14  9:45 [PATCH kvmtool] rtc: Generate fdt node for the real-time clock Andre Przywara
2020-05-14 12:20 ` Mark Rutland
2020-05-14 13:11   ` André Przywara
2020-05-19 16:46 ` Will Deacon

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