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From: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
To: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org,
	kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu, kvm@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com>,
	Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
Subject: [PATCH 14/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle SPSR_EL2 specially
Date: Fri, 21 Jun 2019 10:37:58 +0100
Message-ID: <20190621093843.220980-15-marc.zyngier@arm.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190621093843.220980-1-marc.zyngier@arm.com>

SPSR_EL2 needs special attention when running nested on ARMv8.3:

If taking an exception while running at vEL2 (actually EL1), the
HW will update the SPSR_EL1 register with the EL1 mode. We need
to track this in order to make sure that accesses to the virtual
view of SPSR_EL2 is correct.

To do so, we place an illegal value in SPSR_EL1.M, and patch it
accordingly if required when accessing it.

Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h | 45 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c            | 28 ++++++++++++++++-
 2 files changed, 72 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
index f37006b6eec4..2644258e96ba 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
@@ -274,11 +274,51 @@ static inline bool is_hyp_ctxt(const struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 	return __is_hyp_ctxt(&vcpu->arch.ctxt);
 }
 
+static inline u64 __fixup_spsr_el2_write(struct kvm_cpu_context *ctxt, u64 val)
+{
+	if (!__vcpu_el2_e2h_is_set(ctxt)) {
+		/*
+		 * Clear the .M field when writing SPSR to the CPU, so that we
+		 * can detect when the CPU clobbered our SPSR copy during a
+		 * local exception.
+		 */
+		val &= ~0xc;
+	}
+
+	return val;
+}
+
+static inline u64 __fixup_spsr_el2_read(const struct kvm_cpu_context *ctxt, u64 val)
+{
+	if (__vcpu_el2_e2h_is_set(ctxt))
+		return val;
+
+	/*
+	 * SPSR.M == 0 means the CPU has not touched the SPSR, so the
+	 * register has still the value we saved on the last write.
+	 */
+	if ((val & 0xc) == 0)
+		return ctxt->sys_regs[SPSR_EL2];
+
+	/*
+	 * Otherwise there was a "local" exception on the CPU,
+	 * which from the guest's point of view was being taken from
+	 * EL2 to EL2, although it actually happened to be from
+	 * EL1 to EL1.
+	 * So we need to fix the .M field in SPSR, to make it look
+	 * like EL2, which is what the guest would expect.
+	 */
+	return (val & ~0x0c) | CurrentEL_EL2;
+}
+
 static inline unsigned long vcpu_read_spsr(const struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 {
 	if (vcpu_mode_is_32bit(vcpu))
 		return vcpu_read_spsr32(vcpu);
 
+	if (unlikely(vcpu_mode_el2(vcpu)))
+		return vcpu_read_sys_reg(vcpu, SPSR_EL2);
+
 	if (vcpu->arch.sysregs_loaded_on_cpu)
 		return read_sysreg_el1(SYS_SPSR);
 	else
@@ -292,6 +332,11 @@ static inline void vcpu_write_spsr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long v)
 		return;
 	}
 
+	if (unlikely(vcpu_mode_el2(vcpu))) {
+		vcpu_write_sys_reg(vcpu, v, SPSR_EL2);
+		return;
+	}
+
 	if (vcpu->arch.sysregs_loaded_on_cpu)
 		write_sysreg_el1(v, SYS_SPSR);
 	else
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
index d024114da162..2b8734f75a09 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
@@ -184,6 +184,7 @@ const struct el2_sysreg_map *find_el2_sysreg(const struct el2_sysreg_map *map,
 
 u64 vcpu_read_sys_reg(const struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int reg)
 {
+	u64 val;
 
 	if (!vcpu->arch.sysregs_loaded_on_cpu)
 		goto immediate_read;
@@ -194,6 +195,12 @@ u64 vcpu_read_sys_reg(const struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int reg)
 		if (!is_hyp_ctxt(vcpu))
 			goto immediate_read;
 
+		switch (reg) {
+		case SPSR_EL2:
+			val = read_sysreg_el1(SYS_SPSR);
+			return __fixup_spsr_el2_read(&vcpu->arch.ctxt, val);
+		}
+
 		el2_reg = find_el2_sysreg(nested_sysreg_map, reg);
 		if (el2_reg) {
 			/*
@@ -267,6 +274,13 @@ void vcpu_write_sys_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 val, int reg)
 		/* Store the EL2 version in the sysregs array. */
 		__vcpu_sys_reg(vcpu, reg) = val;
 
+		switch (reg) {
+		case SPSR_EL2:
+			val = __fixup_spsr_el2_write(&vcpu->arch.ctxt, val);
+			write_sysreg_el1(val, SYS_SPSR);
+			return;
+		}
+
 		el2_reg = find_el2_sysreg(nested_sysreg_map, reg);
 		if (el2_reg) {
 			/* Does this register have an EL1 counterpart? */
@@ -1556,6 +1570,18 @@ static bool access_sp_el1(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
 	return true;
 }
 
+static bool access_spsr_el2(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
+			    struct sys_reg_params *p,
+			    const struct sys_reg_desc *r)
+{
+	if (p->is_write)
+		vcpu_write_sys_reg(vcpu, p->regval, SPSR_EL2);
+	else
+		p->regval = vcpu_read_sys_reg(vcpu, SPSR_EL2);
+
+	return true;
+}
+
 /*
  * Architected system registers.
  * Important: Must be sorted ascending by Op0, Op1, CRn, CRm, Op2
@@ -1866,7 +1892,7 @@ static const struct sys_reg_desc sys_reg_descs[] = {
 	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_VTCR_EL2), access_rw, reset_val, VTCR_EL2, 0 },
 
 	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_DACR32_EL2), NULL, reset_unknown, DACR32_EL2 },
-	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_SPSR_EL2), access_rw, reset_val, SPSR_EL2, 0 },
+	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_SPSR_EL2), access_spsr_el2, reset_val, SPSR_EL2, 0 },
 	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_ELR_EL2), access_rw, reset_val, ELR_EL2, 0 },
 	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_SP_EL1), access_sp_el1},
 
-- 
2.20.1

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  parent reply index

Thread overview: 177+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-06-21  9:37 [PATCH 00/59] KVM: arm64: ARMv8.3 Nested Virtualization support Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:37 ` [PATCH 01/59] KVM: arm64: Migrate _elx sysreg accessors to msr_s/mrs_s Marc Zyngier
2019-06-24 11:16   ` Dave Martin
2019-06-24 12:59   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-07-03 12:32     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:37 ` [PATCH 02/59] KVM: arm64: Move __load_guest_stage2 to kvm_mmu.h Marc Zyngier
2019-06-24 11:19   ` Dave Martin
2019-07-03  9:30     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-07-03 16:13       ` Dave Martin
2019-06-21  9:37 ` [PATCH 03/59] arm64: Add ARM64_HAS_NESTED_VIRT cpufeature Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21 13:08   ` Julien Thierry
2019-06-21 13:22     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21 13:44   ` Suzuki K Poulose
2019-06-24 11:24   ` Dave Martin
2019-06-21  9:37 ` [PATCH 04/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Introduce nested virtualization VCPU feature Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21 13:08   ` Julien Thierry
2019-06-24 11:28   ` Dave Martin
2019-07-03 11:53     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-07-03 16:27       ` Dave Martin
2019-06-24 11:43   ` Dave Martin
2019-07-03 11:56     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-07-03 16:24       ` Dave Martin
2019-06-21  9:37 ` [PATCH 05/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Reset VCPU to EL2 registers if VCPU nested virt is set Marc Zyngier
2019-06-24 10:19   ` Suzuki K Poulose
2019-06-24 11:38   ` Dave Martin
2019-06-21  9:37 ` [PATCH 06/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Allow userspace to set PSR_MODE_EL2x Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21 13:24   ` Julien Thierry
2019-06-21 13:50     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-06-24 12:48       ` Dave Martin
2019-07-03  9:21         ` Marc Zyngier
2019-07-04 10:00           ` Dave Martin
2019-06-21  9:37 ` [PATCH 07/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Add EL2 system registers to vcpu context Marc Zyngier
2019-06-24 12:54   ` Dave Martin
2019-07-03 12:20     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-07-03 16:31       ` Dave Martin
2019-06-24 15:47   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-07-03 13:20     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-07-03 16:01       ` Marc Zyngier
2019-07-01 16:36   ` Suzuki K Poulose
2019-06-21  9:37 ` [PATCH 08/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Reset VMPIDR_EL2 and VPIDR_EL2 to sane values Marc Zyngier
2019-06-24 12:59   ` Dave Martin
2019-06-21  9:37 ` [PATCH 09/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Add nested virt VCPU primitives for vEL2 VCPU state Marc Zyngier
2019-06-24 13:08   ` Dave Martin
2019-06-21  9:37 ` [PATCH 10/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Support virtual EL2 exceptions Marc Zyngier
2019-07-08 13:56   ` Steven Price
2019-06-21  9:37 ` [PATCH 11/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Inject HVC exceptions to the virtual EL2 Marc Zyngier
2019-06-25 13:13   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-07-03 14:16     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-07-30 14:08     ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:37 ` [PATCH 12/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle trapped ERET from " Marc Zyngier
2019-07-02 12:00   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:37 ` [PATCH 13/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle virtual EL2 registers in vcpu_read/write_sys_reg() Marc Zyngier
2019-06-24 12:42   ` Julien Thierry
2019-06-25 14:02     ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-07-03 12:15     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-07-03 15:21       ` Julien Thierry
2019-06-25 15:18   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-07-01  9:58     ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-07-03 15:59     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-07-03 16:32       ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-07-04 14:39         ` Marc Zyngier
2019-06-26 15:04   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-07-04 15:05     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-07-01 12:10   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:37 ` Marc Zyngier [this message]
2019-06-21  9:37 ` [PATCH 15/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Refactor vcpu_{read,write}_sys_reg Marc Zyngier
2019-06-24 15:07   ` Julien Thierry
2019-07-03 13:09     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-06-27  9:21   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-07-04 15:15     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 16/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Save/Restore vEL2 sysregs Marc Zyngier
2019-06-25  8:48   ` Julien Thierry
2019-07-03 13:42     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-07-01 12:09   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-08-21 11:57   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 17/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Emulate PSTATE.M for a guest hypervisor Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 18/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Trap EL1 VM register accesses in virtual EL2 Marc Zyngier
2019-07-01 16:12   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 19/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Trap SPSR_EL1, ELR_EL1 and VBAR_EL1 from " Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 20/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Trap CPACR_EL1 access in " Marc Zyngier
2019-07-01 16:40   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 21/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Set a handler for the system instruction traps Marc Zyngier
2019-06-25 12:55   ` Julien Thierry
2019-07-03 14:15     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 22/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle PSCI call via smc from the guest Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 23/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Respect virtual HCR_EL2.TWX setting Marc Zyngier
2019-06-25 14:19   ` Julien Thierry
2019-07-02 12:54     ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-07-03 14:18     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 24/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Respect virtual CPTR_EL2.TFP setting Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 25/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Don't expose SVE to nested guests Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 26/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Respect the virtual HCR_EL2.NV bit setting Marc Zyngier
2019-06-26  5:31   ` Julien Thierry
2019-07-03 16:31     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 27/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Respect virtual HCR_EL2.TVM and TRVM settings Marc Zyngier
2019-06-26  6:55   ` Julien Thierry
2019-07-04 14:57     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 28/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Respect the virtual HCR_EL2.NV1 bit setting Marc Zyngier
2019-06-26  7:23   ` Julien Thierry
2019-07-02 16:32   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-07-03  9:10     ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 29/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Emulate EL12 register accesses from the virtual EL2 Marc Zyngier
2019-07-03  9:16   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 30/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Configure HCR_EL2 for nested virtualization Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 31/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Only toggle cache for virtual EL2 when SCTLR_EL2 changes Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 32/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Hide RAS from nested guests Marc Zyngier
2019-07-03 13:59   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 33/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Pretend we only support larger-than-host page sizes Marc Zyngier
2019-07-03 14:13   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 34/59] KVM: arm/arm64: nv: Factor out stage 2 page table data from struct kvm Marc Zyngier
2019-07-03 15:52   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 35/59] KVM: arm/arm64: nv: Support multiple nested stage 2 mmu structures Marc Zyngier
2019-06-25 12:19   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-07-03 13:47     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-06-27 13:15   ` Julien Thierry
2019-07-04 15:51   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 36/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Implement nested Stage-2 page table walk logic Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 37/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle shadow stage 2 page faults Marc Zyngier
2019-07-05 14:28   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 38/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Unmap/flush shadow stage 2 page tables Marc Zyngier
2019-07-01  8:03   ` Julien Thierry
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 39/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Move last_vcpu_ran to be per s2 mmu Marc Zyngier
2019-07-01  9:10   ` Julien Thierry
2019-07-05 15:28   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 40/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Don't always start an S2 MMU search from the beginning Marc Zyngier
2019-07-09  9:59   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 41/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Introduce sys_reg_desc.forward_trap Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 42/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Rework the system instruction emulation framework Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 43/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Trap and emulate AT instructions from virtual EL2 Marc Zyngier
2019-07-01 15:45   ` Julien Thierry
2019-07-09 13:20   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-07-18 12:13     ` Tomasz Nowicki
2019-07-18 12:36       ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-07-18 12:56         ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-07-18 12:59         ` Tomasz Nowicki
2019-07-24 10:25   ` Tomasz Nowicki
2019-07-24 12:39     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-07-24 13:56       ` Tomasz Nowicki
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 44/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Trap and emulate TLBI " Marc Zyngier
2019-07-02 12:37   ` Julien Thierry
2019-07-10 10:15   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 45/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle traps for timer _EL02 and _EL2 sysregs accessors Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 46/59] KVM: arm64: nv: arch_timer: Support hyp timer emulation Marc Zyngier
2019-07-10 16:23   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 47/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Propagate CNTVOFF_EL2 to the virtual EL1 timer Marc Zyngier
2019-08-08  9:34   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 48/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Load timer before the GIC Marc Zyngier
2019-07-11 13:17   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 49/59] KVM: arm64: nv: vgic-v3: Take cpu_if pointer directly instead of vcpu Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 50/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Nested GICv3 Support Marc Zyngier
2019-07-16 11:41   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 51/59] KVM: arm64: nv: vgic: Emulate the HW bit in software Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 52/59] KVM: arm64: nv: vgic: Allow userland to set VGIC maintenance IRQ Marc Zyngier
2019-07-04  7:38   ` Julien Thierry
2019-07-04  9:01     ` Andre Przywara
2019-07-04  9:04       ` Julien Thierry
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 53/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Implement maintenance interrupt forwarding Marc Zyngier
2019-07-04  8:06   ` Julien Thierry
2019-07-16 16:35   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 54/59] KVM: arm64: nv: Add nested GICv3 tracepoints Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 55/59] arm64: KVM: nv: Add handling of EL2-specific timer registers Marc Zyngier
2019-07-11 12:35   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-07-17 10:19   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 56/59] arm64: KVM: nv: Honor SCTLR_EL2.SPAN on entering vEL2 Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 57/59] arm64: KVM: nv: Handle SCTLR_EL2 RES0/RES1 bits Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 58/59] arm64: KVM: nv: Restrict S2 RD/WR permissions to match the guest's Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:38 ` [PATCH 59/59] arm64: KVM: nv: Allow userspace to request KVM_ARM_VCPU_NESTED_VIRT Marc Zyngier
2019-06-21  9:57 ` [PATCH 00/59] KVM: arm64: ARMv8.3 Nested Virtualization support Itaru Kitayama
2019-06-21 11:21   ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-02 10:11 ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-08-02 10:30   ` Andrew Jones
2019-08-09 10:01   ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-08-09 11:44     ` Andrew Jones
2019-08-09 12:00       ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-08-09 13:00         ` Andrew Jones
2019-08-22 11:57     ` Alexandru Elisei
2019-08-22 15:32       ` Alexandru Elisei

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