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From: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, kvm@vger.kernel.org,
	Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>,
	linux-doc@vger.kernel.org, Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>,
	Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org,
	Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>,
	Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>,
	Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu
Subject: [PATCH 1/9] KVM: arm64: Document PV-time interface
Date: Fri,  2 Aug 2019 15:50:09 +0100
Message-ID: <20190802145017.42543-2-steven.price@arm.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190802145017.42543-1-steven.price@arm.com>

Introduce a paravirtualization interface for KVM/arm64 based on the
"Arm Paravirtualized Time for Arm-Base Systems" specification DEN 0057A.

This only adds the details about "Stolen Time" as the details of "Live
Physical Time" have not been fully agreed.

User space can specify a reserved area of memory for the guest and
inform KVM to populate the memory with information on time that the host
kernel has stolen from the guest.

A hypercall interface is provided for the guest to interrogate the
hypervisor's support for this interface and the location of the shared
memory structures.

Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
---
 Documentation/virtual/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt | 107 +++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 107 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/virtual/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt

diff --git a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e6ae9799e1d5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,107 @@
+Paravirtualized time support for arm64
+======================================
+
+Arm specification DEN0057/A defined a standard for paravirtualised time
+support for Aarch64 guests:
+
+https://developer.arm.com/docs/den0057/a
+
+KVM/Arm64 implements the stolen time part of this specification by providing
+some hypervisor service calls to support a paravirtualized guest obtaining a
+view of the amount of time stolen from its execution.
+
+Two new SMCCC compatible hypercalls are defined:
+
+PV_FEATURES 0xC5000020
+PV_TIME_ST  0xC5000022
+
+These are only available in the SMC64/HVC64 calling convention as
+paravirtualized time is not available to 32 bit Arm guests.
+
+PV_FEATURES
+    Function ID:  (uint32)  : 0xC5000020
+    PV_func_id:   (uint32)  : Either PV_TIME_LPT or PV_TIME_ST
+    Return value: (int32)   : NOT_SUPPORTED (-1) or SUCCESS (0) if the relevant
+                              PV-time feature is supported by the hypervisor.
+
+PV_TIME_ST
+    Function ID:  (uint32)  : 0xC5000022
+    Return value: (int64)   : IPA of the stolen time data structure for this
+                              (V)CPU. On failure:
+                              NOT_SUPPORTED (-1)
+
+Stolen Time
+-----------
+
+The structure pointed to by the PV_TIME_ST hypercall is as follows:
+
+  Field       | Byte Length | Byte Offset | Description
+  ----------- | ----------- | ----------- | --------------------------
+  Revision    |      4      |      0      | Must be 0 for version 0.1
+  Attributes  |      4      |      4      | Must be 0
+  Stolen time |      8      |      8      | Stolen time in unsigned
+              |             |             | nanoseconds indicating how
+              |             |             | much time this VCPU thread
+              |             |             | was involuntarily not
+              |             |             | running on a physical CPU.
+
+The structure will be updated by the hypervisor periodically as time is stolen
+from the VCPU. It will be present within a reserved region of the normal
+memory given to the guest. The guest should not attempt to write into this
+memory. There is a structure by VCPU of the guest.
+
+User space interface
+====================
+
+User space can request that KVM provide the paravirtualized time interface to
+a guest by creating a KVM_DEV_TYPE_ARM_PV_TIME device, for example:
+
+    struct kvm_create_device pvtime_device = {
+            .type = KVM_DEV_TYPE_ARM_PV_TIME,
+            .attr = 0,
+            .flags = 0,
+    };
+
+    pvtime_fd = ioctl(vm_fd, KVM_CREATE_DEVICE, &pvtime_device);
+
+The guest IPA of the structures must be given to KVM. This is the base address
+of an array of stolen time structures (one for each VCPU). For example:
+
+    struct kvm_device_attr st_base = {
+            .group = KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_PADDR,
+            .attr = KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_ST,
+            .addr = (u64)(unsigned long)&st_paddr
+    };
+
+    ioctl(pvtime_fd, KVM_SET_DEVICE_ATTR, &st_base);
+
+For migration (or save/restore) of a guest it is necessary to save the contents
+of the shared page(s) and later restore them. KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_STATE_SIZE
+provides the size of this data and KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_STATE allows the state
+to be read/written.
+
+It is also necessary for the physical address to be set identically when
+restoring.
+
+    void *save_state(int fd, u64 attr, u32 *size) {
+        struct kvm_device_attr get_size = {
+                .group = KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_STATE_SIZE,
+                .attr = attr,
+                .addr = (u64)(unsigned long)size
+        };
+
+        ioctl(fd, KVM_GET_DEVICE_ATTR, get_size);
+
+        void *buffer = malloc(*size);
+
+        struct kvm_device_attr get_state = {
+                .group = KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_STATE,
+                .attr = attr,
+                .addr = (u64)(unsigned long)size
+        };
+
+        ioctl(fd, KVM_GET_DEVICE_ATTR, buffer);
+    }
+
+    void *st_state = save_state(pvtime_fd, KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_ST, &st_size);
+
-- 
2.20.1

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Thread overview: 45+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-08-02 14:50 [PATCH 0/9] arm64: Stolen time support Steven Price
2019-08-02 14:50 ` Steven Price [this message]
2019-08-03 11:13   ` [PATCH 1/9] KVM: arm64: Document PV-time interface Marc Zyngier
2019-08-05 13:06     ` Steven Price
2019-08-05  3:23   ` Zenghui Yu
2019-08-05 13:06     ` Steven Price
2019-08-05 16:40   ` Christophe de Dinechin
2019-08-07 13:21     ` Steven Price
2019-08-07 14:28       ` Christophe de Dinechin
2019-08-07 15:26         ` Steven Price
2019-08-02 14:50 ` [PATCH 2/9] KVM: arm/arm64: Factor out hypercall handling from PSCI code Steven Price
2019-08-02 14:50 ` [PATCH 3/9] KVM: arm64: Implement PV_FEATURES call Steven Price
2019-08-03 11:21   ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-05 13:14     ` Steven Price
2019-08-02 14:50 ` [PATCH 4/9] KVM: arm64: Support stolen time reporting via shared structure Steven Price
2019-08-03 11:55   ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-05 14:09     ` Steven Price
2019-08-03 17:58   ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-03 18:13     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-05 14:18       ` Steven Price
2019-08-02 14:50 ` [PATCH 5/9] KVM: Allow kvm_device_ops to be const Steven Price
2019-08-02 14:50 ` [PATCH 6/9] KVM: arm64: Provide a PV_TIME device to user space Steven Price
2019-08-03 12:51   ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-03 17:34     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-07 13:39       ` Steven Price
2019-08-07 13:51         ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-05 16:10     ` Steven Price
2019-08-05 16:28       ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-02 14:50 ` [PATCH 7/9] arm/arm64: Provide a wrapper for SMCCC 1.1 calls Steven Price
2019-08-05 10:03   ` Will Deacon
2019-08-02 14:50 ` [PATCH 8/9] arm/arm64: Make use of the SMCCC 1.1 wrapper Steven Price
2019-08-02 14:50 ` [PATCH 9/9] arm64: Retrieve stolen time as paravirtualized guest Steven Price
2019-08-04  9:53   ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-08 15:29     ` Steven Price
2019-08-08 15:49       ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-09 13:51   ` Zenghui Yu
2019-08-12 10:39     ` Steven Price
2019-08-13  6:06       ` Zenghui Yu
2019-08-03 18:05 ` [PATCH 0/9] arm64: Stolen time support Marc Zyngier
2019-08-05 13:06   ` Steven Price
2019-08-05 13:26     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-14 13:02     ` Alexander Graf
2019-08-14 14:19       ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-14 14:52         ` [UNVERIFIED SENDER] " Alexander Graf
2019-08-16 10:23           ` Steven Price

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