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From: Zenghui Yu <yuzenghui@huawei.com>
To: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
Cc: kvm@vger.kernel.org, linux-doc@vger.kernel.org,
	Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>,
	Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>,
	Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>,
	Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/9] KVM: arm64: Document PV-time interface
Date: Mon, 5 Aug 2019 11:23:30 +0800
Message-ID: <3bdd764a-b6f5-d17e-a703-d8eb13838efc@huawei.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190802145017.42543-2-steven.price@arm.com>

Hi Steven,

On 2019/8/2 22:50, Steven Price wrote:
> Introduce a paravirtualization interface for KVM/arm64 based on the
> "Arm Paravirtualized Time for Arm-Base Systems" specification DEN 0057A.
> 
> This only adds the details about "Stolen Time" as the details of "Live
> Physical Time" have not been fully agreed.
> 
> User space can specify a reserved area of memory for the guest and
> inform KVM to populate the memory with information on time that the host
> kernel has stolen from the guest.
> 
> A hypercall interface is provided for the guest to interrogate the
> hypervisor's support for this interface and the location of the shared
> memory structures.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
> ---
>   Documentation/virtual/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt | 107 +++++++++++++++++++++++
>   1 file changed, 107 insertions(+)
>   create mode 100644 Documentation/virtual/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt
                                     ^^^^^^^
This directory has been renamed recently, see:

https://patchwork.ozlabs.org/patch/1136104/


Zenghui

> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..e6ae9799e1d5
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,107 @@
> +Paravirtualized time support for arm64
> +======================================
> +
> +Arm specification DEN0057/A defined a standard for paravirtualised time
> +support for Aarch64 guests:
> +
> +https://developer.arm.com/docs/den0057/a
> +
> +KVM/Arm64 implements the stolen time part of this specification by providing
> +some hypervisor service calls to support a paravirtualized guest obtaining a
> +view of the amount of time stolen from its execution.
> +
> +Two new SMCCC compatible hypercalls are defined:
> +
> +PV_FEATURES 0xC5000020
> +PV_TIME_ST  0xC5000022
> +
> +These are only available in the SMC64/HVC64 calling convention as
> +paravirtualized time is not available to 32 bit Arm guests.
> +
> +PV_FEATURES
> +    Function ID:  (uint32)  : 0xC5000020
> +    PV_func_id:   (uint32)  : Either PV_TIME_LPT or PV_TIME_ST
> +    Return value: (int32)   : NOT_SUPPORTED (-1) or SUCCESS (0) if the relevant
> +                              PV-time feature is supported by the hypervisor.
> +
> +PV_TIME_ST
> +    Function ID:  (uint32)  : 0xC5000022
> +    Return value: (int64)   : IPA of the stolen time data structure for this
> +                              (V)CPU. On failure:
> +                              NOT_SUPPORTED (-1)
> +
> +Stolen Time
> +-----------
> +
> +The structure pointed to by the PV_TIME_ST hypercall is as follows:
> +
> +  Field       | Byte Length | Byte Offset | Description
> +  ----------- | ----------- | ----------- | --------------------------
> +  Revision    |      4      |      0      | Must be 0 for version 0.1
> +  Attributes  |      4      |      4      | Must be 0
> +  Stolen time |      8      |      8      | Stolen time in unsigned
> +              |             |             | nanoseconds indicating how
> +              |             |             | much time this VCPU thread
> +              |             |             | was involuntarily not
> +              |             |             | running on a physical CPU.
> +
> +The structure will be updated by the hypervisor periodically as time is stolen
> +from the VCPU. It will be present within a reserved region of the normal
> +memory given to the guest. The guest should not attempt to write into this
> +memory. There is a structure by VCPU of the guest.
> +
> +User space interface
> +====================
> +
> +User space can request that KVM provide the paravirtualized time interface to
> +a guest by creating a KVM_DEV_TYPE_ARM_PV_TIME device, for example:
> +
> +    struct kvm_create_device pvtime_device = {
> +            .type = KVM_DEV_TYPE_ARM_PV_TIME,
> +            .attr = 0,
> +            .flags = 0,
> +    };
> +
> +    pvtime_fd = ioctl(vm_fd, KVM_CREATE_DEVICE, &pvtime_device);
> +
> +The guest IPA of the structures must be given to KVM. This is the base address
> +of an array of stolen time structures (one for each VCPU). For example:
> +
> +    struct kvm_device_attr st_base = {
> +            .group = KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_PADDR,
> +            .attr = KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_ST,
> +            .addr = (u64)(unsigned long)&st_paddr
> +    };
> +
> +    ioctl(pvtime_fd, KVM_SET_DEVICE_ATTR, &st_base);
> +
> +For migration (or save/restore) of a guest it is necessary to save the contents
> +of the shared page(s) and later restore them. KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_STATE_SIZE
> +provides the size of this data and KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_STATE allows the state
> +to be read/written.
> +
> +It is also necessary for the physical address to be set identically when
> +restoring.
> +
> +    void *save_state(int fd, u64 attr, u32 *size) {
> +        struct kvm_device_attr get_size = {
> +                .group = KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_STATE_SIZE,
> +                .attr = attr,
> +                .addr = (u64)(unsigned long)size
> +        };
> +
> +        ioctl(fd, KVM_GET_DEVICE_ATTR, get_size);
> +
> +        void *buffer = malloc(*size);
> +
> +        struct kvm_device_attr get_state = {
> +                .group = KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_STATE,
> +                .attr = attr,
> +                .addr = (u64)(unsigned long)size
> +        };
> +
> +        ioctl(fd, KVM_GET_DEVICE_ATTR, buffer);
> +    }
> +
> +    void *st_state = save_state(pvtime_fd, KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_ST, &st_size);
> +
> 

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  parent reply index

Thread overview: 45+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-08-02 14:50 [PATCH 0/9] arm64: Stolen time support Steven Price
2019-08-02 14:50 ` [PATCH 1/9] KVM: arm64: Document PV-time interface Steven Price
2019-08-03 11:13   ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-05 13:06     ` Steven Price
2019-08-05  3:23   ` Zenghui Yu [this message]
2019-08-05 13:06     ` Steven Price
2019-08-05 16:40   ` Christophe de Dinechin
2019-08-07 13:21     ` Steven Price
2019-08-07 14:28       ` Christophe de Dinechin
2019-08-07 15:26         ` Steven Price
2019-08-02 14:50 ` [PATCH 2/9] KVM: arm/arm64: Factor out hypercall handling from PSCI code Steven Price
2019-08-02 14:50 ` [PATCH 3/9] KVM: arm64: Implement PV_FEATURES call Steven Price
2019-08-03 11:21   ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-05 13:14     ` Steven Price
2019-08-02 14:50 ` [PATCH 4/9] KVM: arm64: Support stolen time reporting via shared structure Steven Price
2019-08-03 11:55   ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-05 14:09     ` Steven Price
2019-08-03 17:58   ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-03 18:13     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-05 14:18       ` Steven Price
2019-08-02 14:50 ` [PATCH 5/9] KVM: Allow kvm_device_ops to be const Steven Price
2019-08-02 14:50 ` [PATCH 6/9] KVM: arm64: Provide a PV_TIME device to user space Steven Price
2019-08-03 12:51   ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-03 17:34     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-07 13:39       ` Steven Price
2019-08-07 13:51         ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-05 16:10     ` Steven Price
2019-08-05 16:28       ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-02 14:50 ` [PATCH 7/9] arm/arm64: Provide a wrapper for SMCCC 1.1 calls Steven Price
2019-08-05 10:03   ` Will Deacon
2019-08-02 14:50 ` [PATCH 8/9] arm/arm64: Make use of the SMCCC 1.1 wrapper Steven Price
2019-08-02 14:50 ` [PATCH 9/9] arm64: Retrieve stolen time as paravirtualized guest Steven Price
2019-08-04  9:53   ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-08 15:29     ` Steven Price
2019-08-08 15:49       ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-09 13:51   ` Zenghui Yu
2019-08-12 10:39     ` Steven Price
2019-08-13  6:06       ` Zenghui Yu
2019-08-03 18:05 ` [PATCH 0/9] arm64: Stolen time support Marc Zyngier
2019-08-05 13:06   ` Steven Price
2019-08-05 13:26     ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-14 13:02     ` Alexander Graf
2019-08-14 14:19       ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-14 14:52         ` [UNVERIFIED SENDER] " Alexander Graf
2019-08-16 10:23           ` Steven Price

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