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* [PATCH v8 0/7] Add virtio-iommu driver
@ 2019-05-30 17:09 Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 1/7] dt-bindings: virtio-mmio: Add IOMMU description Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (7 more replies)
  0 siblings, 8 replies; 13+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2019-05-30 17:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: joro, mst
  Cc: virtio-dev, kevin.tian, Lorenzo.Pieralisi, tnowicki,
	frowand.list, devicetree, linux-pci, jasowang, virtualization,
	iommu, robh+dt, bhelgaas, robin.murphy, kvmarm, bauerman

Implement the virtio-iommu driver, following specification v0.12 [1].
Since last version [2] we've worked on improving the specification,
which resulted in the following changes to the interface:
* Remove the EXEC flag.
* Add feature bit for the MMIO flag.
* Change domain_bits to domain_range.

Given that there were small changes to patch 5/7, I removed the review
and test tags. Please find the code at [3].

[1] Virtio-iommu specification v0.12, sources and pdf
    git://linux-arm.org/virtio-iommu.git virtio-iommu/v0.12
    http://jpbrucker.net/virtio-iommu/spec/v0.12/virtio-iommu-v0.12.pdf
    http://jpbrucker.net/virtio-iommu/spec/diffs/virtio-iommu-dev-diff-v0.11-v0.12.pdf

[2] [PATCH v7 0/7] Add virtio-iommu driver
    https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pci/0ba215f5-e856-bf31-8dd9-a85710714a7a@arm.com/T/

[3] git://linux-arm.org/linux-jpb.git virtio-iommu/v0.12
    git://linux-arm.org/kvmtool-jpb.git virtio-iommu/v0.12

Jean-Philippe Brucker (7):
  dt-bindings: virtio-mmio: Add IOMMU description
  dt-bindings: virtio: Add virtio-pci-iommu node
  of: Allow the iommu-map property to omit untranslated devices
  PCI: OF: Initialize dev->fwnode appropriately
  iommu: Add virtio-iommu driver
  iommu/virtio: Add probe request
  iommu/virtio: Add event queue

 .../devicetree/bindings/virtio/iommu.txt      |   66 +
 .../devicetree/bindings/virtio/mmio.txt       |   30 +
 MAINTAINERS                                   |    7 +
 drivers/iommu/Kconfig                         |   11 +
 drivers/iommu/Makefile                        |    1 +
 drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c                  | 1176 +++++++++++++++++
 drivers/of/base.c                             |   10 +-
 drivers/pci/of.c                              |    6 +
 include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h               |    1 +
 include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h             |  165 +++
 10 files changed, 1470 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/virtio/iommu.txt
 create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c
 create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h

-- 
2.21.0

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 1/7] dt-bindings: virtio-mmio: Add IOMMU description
  2019-05-30 17:09 [PATCH v8 0/7] Add virtio-iommu driver Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2019-05-30 17:09 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 2/7] dt-bindings: virtio: Add virtio-pci-iommu node Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (6 subsequent siblings)
  7 siblings, 0 replies; 13+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2019-05-30 17:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: joro, mst
  Cc: virtio-dev, kevin.tian, Lorenzo.Pieralisi, tnowicki,
	frowand.list, devicetree, linux-pci, jasowang, virtualization,
	iommu, robh+dt, bhelgaas, robin.murphy, kvmarm, bauerman

The nature of a virtio-mmio node is discovered by the virtio driver at
probe time. However the DMA relation between devices must be described
statically. When a virtio-mmio node is a virtio-iommu device, it needs an
"#iommu-cells" property as specified by bindings/iommu/iommu.txt.

Otherwise, the virtio-mmio device may perform DMA through an IOMMU, which
requires an "iommus" property. Describe these requirements in the
device-tree bindings documentation.

Reviewed-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
---
 .../devicetree/bindings/virtio/mmio.txt       | 30 +++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 30 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/virtio/mmio.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/virtio/mmio.txt
index 5069c1b8e193..21af30fbb81f 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/virtio/mmio.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/virtio/mmio.txt
@@ -8,10 +8,40 @@ Required properties:
 - reg:		control registers base address and size including configuration space
 - interrupts:	interrupt generated by the device
 
+Required properties for virtio-iommu:
+
+- #iommu-cells:	When the node corresponds to a virtio-iommu device, it is
+		linked to DMA masters using the "iommus" or "iommu-map"
+		properties [1][2]. #iommu-cells specifies the size of the
+		"iommus" property. For virtio-iommu #iommu-cells must be
+		1, each cell describing a single endpoint ID.
+
+Optional properties:
+
+- iommus:	If the device accesses memory through an IOMMU, it should
+		have an "iommus" property [1]. Since virtio-iommu itself
+		does not access memory through an IOMMU, the "virtio,mmio"
+		node cannot have both an "#iommu-cells" and an "iommus"
+		property.
+
 Example:
 
 	virtio_block@3000 {
 		compatible = "virtio,mmio";
 		reg = <0x3000 0x100>;
 		interrupts = <41>;
+
+		/* Device has endpoint ID 23 */
+		iommus = <&viommu 23>
 	}
+
+	viommu: iommu@3100 {
+		compatible = "virtio,mmio";
+		reg = <0x3100 0x100>;
+		interrupts = <42>;
+
+		#iommu-cells = <1>
+	}
+
+[1] Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iommu/iommu.txt
+[2] Documentation/devicetree/bindings/pci/pci-iommu.txt
-- 
2.21.0

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https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 2/7] dt-bindings: virtio: Add virtio-pci-iommu node
  2019-05-30 17:09 [PATCH v8 0/7] Add virtio-iommu driver Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 1/7] dt-bindings: virtio-mmio: Add IOMMU description Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2019-05-30 17:09 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2019-05-30 17:45   ` Michael S. Tsirkin
  2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 3/7] of: Allow the iommu-map property to omit untranslated devices Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  7 siblings, 1 reply; 13+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2019-05-30 17:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: joro, mst
  Cc: virtio-dev, kevin.tian, Lorenzo.Pieralisi, tnowicki,
	frowand.list, devicetree, linux-pci, jasowang, virtualization,
	iommu, robh+dt, bhelgaas, robin.murphy, kvmarm, bauerman

Some systems implement virtio-iommu as a PCI endpoint. The operating
system needs to discover the relationship between IOMMU and masters long
before the PCI endpoint gets probed. Add a PCI child node to describe the
virtio-iommu device.

The virtio-pci-iommu is conceptually split between a PCI programming
interface and a translation component on the parent bus. The latter
doesn't have a node in the device tree. The virtio-pci-iommu node
describes both, by linking the PCI endpoint to "iommus" property of DMA
master nodes and to "iommu-map" properties of bus nodes.

Reviewed-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
---
 .../devicetree/bindings/virtio/iommu.txt      | 66 +++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 66 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/virtio/iommu.txt

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/virtio/iommu.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/virtio/iommu.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..2407fea0651c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/virtio/iommu.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,66 @@
+* virtio IOMMU PCI device
+
+When virtio-iommu uses the PCI transport, its programming interface is
+discovered dynamically by the PCI probing infrastructure. However the
+device tree statically describes the relation between IOMMU and DMA
+masters. Therefore, the PCI root complex that hosts the virtio-iommu
+contains a child node representing the IOMMU device explicitly.
+
+Required properties:
+
+- compatible:	Should be "virtio,pci-iommu"
+- reg:		PCI address of the IOMMU. As defined in the PCI Bus
+		Binding reference [1], the reg property is a five-cell
+		address encoded as (phys.hi phys.mid phys.lo size.hi
+		size.lo). phys.hi should contain the device's BDF as
+		0b00000000 bbbbbbbb dddddfff 00000000. The other cells
+		should be zero.
+- #iommu-cells:	Each platform DMA master managed by the IOMMU is assigned
+		an endpoint ID, described by the "iommus" property [2].
+		For virtio-iommu, #iommu-cells must be 1.
+
+Notes:
+
+- DMA from the IOMMU device isn't managed by another IOMMU. Therefore the
+  virtio-iommu node doesn't have an "iommus" property, and is omitted from
+  the iommu-map property of the root complex.
+
+Example:
+
+pcie@10000000 {
+	compatible = "pci-host-ecam-generic";
+	...
+
+	/* The IOMMU programming interface uses slot 00:01.0 */
+	iommu0: iommu@0008 {
+		compatible = "virtio,pci-iommu";
+		reg = <0x00000800 0 0 0 0>;
+		#iommu-cells = <1>;
+	};
+
+	/*
+	 * The IOMMU manages all functions in this PCI domain except
+	 * itself. Omit BDF 00:01.0.
+	 */
+	iommu-map = <0x0 &iommu0 0x0 0x8>
+		    <0x9 &iommu0 0x9 0xfff7>;
+};
+
+pcie@20000000 {
+	compatible = "pci-host-ecam-generic";
+	...
+	/*
+	 * The IOMMU also manages all functions from this domain,
+	 * with endpoint IDs 0x10000 - 0x1ffff
+	 */
+	iommu-map = <0x0 &iommu0 0x10000 0x10000>;
+};
+
+ethernet@fe001000 {
+	...
+	/* The IOMMU manages this platform device with endpoint ID 0x20000 */
+	iommus = <&iommu0 0x20000>;
+};
+
+[1] Documentation/devicetree/bindings/pci/pci.txt
+[2] Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iommu/iommu.txt
-- 
2.21.0

_______________________________________________
kvmarm mailing list
kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu
https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 3/7] of: Allow the iommu-map property to omit untranslated devices
  2019-05-30 17:09 [PATCH v8 0/7] Add virtio-iommu driver Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 1/7] dt-bindings: virtio-mmio: Add IOMMU description Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 2/7] dt-bindings: virtio: Add virtio-pci-iommu node Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2019-05-30 17:09 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 4/7] PCI: OF: Initialize dev->fwnode appropriately Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  7 siblings, 0 replies; 13+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2019-05-30 17:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: joro, mst
  Cc: virtio-dev, kevin.tian, Lorenzo.Pieralisi, tnowicki,
	frowand.list, devicetree, linux-pci, jasowang, virtualization,
	iommu, robh+dt, bhelgaas, robin.murphy, kvmarm, bauerman

In PCI root complex nodes, the iommu-map property describes the IOMMU that
translates each endpoint. On some platforms, the IOMMU itself is presented
as a PCI endpoint (e.g. AMD IOMMU and virtio-iommu). This isn't supported
by the current OF driver, which expects all endpoints to have an IOMMU.
Allow the iommu-map property to have gaps.

Relaxing of_map_rid() also allows the msi-map property to have gaps, which
is invalid since MSIs always reach an MSI controller. In that case
pci_msi_setup_msi_irqs() will return an error when attempting to find the
device's MSI domain.

Reviewed-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
---
 drivers/of/base.c | 10 +++++++---
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/of/base.c b/drivers/of/base.c
index 20e0e7ee4edf..55e7f5bb0549 100644
--- a/drivers/of/base.c
+++ b/drivers/of/base.c
@@ -2294,8 +2294,12 @@ int of_map_rid(struct device_node *np, u32 rid,
 		return 0;
 	}
 
-	pr_err("%pOF: Invalid %s translation - no match for rid 0x%x on %pOF\n",
-		np, map_name, rid, target && *target ? *target : NULL);
-	return -EFAULT;
+	pr_info("%pOF: no %s translation for rid 0x%x on %pOF\n", np, map_name,
+		rid, target && *target ? *target : NULL);
+
+	/* Bypasses translation */
+	if (id_out)
+		*id_out = rid;
+	return 0;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(of_map_rid);
-- 
2.21.0

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kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu
https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 4/7] PCI: OF: Initialize dev->fwnode appropriately
  2019-05-30 17:09 [PATCH v8 0/7] Add virtio-iommu driver Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 3/7] of: Allow the iommu-map property to omit untranslated devices Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2019-05-30 17:09 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 5/7] iommu: Add virtio-iommu driver Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  7 siblings, 0 replies; 13+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2019-05-30 17:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: joro, mst
  Cc: virtio-dev, kevin.tian, Lorenzo.Pieralisi, tnowicki,
	frowand.list, devicetree, linux-pci, jasowang, virtualization,
	iommu, robh+dt, bhelgaas, robin.murphy, kvmarm, bauerman

For PCI devices that have an OF node, set the fwnode as well. This way
drivers that rely on fwnode don't need the special case described by
commit f94277af03ea ("of/platform: Initialise dev->fwnode appropriately").

Acked-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
---
 drivers/pci/of.c | 6 ++++++
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/pci/of.c b/drivers/pci/of.c
index 73d5adec0a28..c4f1b5507b40 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/of.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/of.c
@@ -22,12 +22,15 @@ void pci_set_of_node(struct pci_dev *dev)
 		return;
 	dev->dev.of_node = of_pci_find_child_device(dev->bus->dev.of_node,
 						    dev->devfn);
+	if (dev->dev.of_node)
+		dev->dev.fwnode = &dev->dev.of_node->fwnode;
 }
 
 void pci_release_of_node(struct pci_dev *dev)
 {
 	of_node_put(dev->dev.of_node);
 	dev->dev.of_node = NULL;
+	dev->dev.fwnode = NULL;
 }
 
 void pci_set_bus_of_node(struct pci_bus *bus)
@@ -42,12 +45,15 @@ void pci_set_bus_of_node(struct pci_bus *bus)
 			bus->self->untrusted = true;
 	}
 	bus->dev.of_node = node;
+	if (node)
+		bus->dev.fwnode = &node->fwnode;
 }
 
 void pci_release_bus_of_node(struct pci_bus *bus)
 {
 	of_node_put(bus->dev.of_node);
 	bus->dev.of_node = NULL;
+	bus->dev.fwnode = NULL;
 }
 
 struct device_node * __weak pcibios_get_phb_of_node(struct pci_bus *bus)
-- 
2.21.0

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https://lists.cs.columbia.edu/mailman/listinfo/kvmarm

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 5/7] iommu: Add virtio-iommu driver
  2019-05-30 17:09 [PATCH v8 0/7] Add virtio-iommu driver Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 4/7] PCI: OF: Initialize dev->fwnode appropriately Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2019-05-30 17:09 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2019-06-14  7:33   ` Auger Eric
  2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 6/7] iommu/virtio: Add probe request Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  7 siblings, 1 reply; 13+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2019-05-30 17:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: joro, mst
  Cc: virtio-dev, kevin.tian, Lorenzo.Pieralisi, tnowicki,
	frowand.list, devicetree, linux-pci, jasowang, virtualization,
	iommu, robh+dt, bhelgaas, robin.murphy, kvmarm, bauerman

The virtio IOMMU is a para-virtualized device, allowing to send IOMMU
requests such as map/unmap over virtio transport without emulating page
tables. This implementation handles ATTACH, DETACH, MAP and UNMAP
requests.

The bulk of the code transforms calls coming from the IOMMU API into
corresponding virtio requests. Mappings are kept in an interval tree
instead of page tables. A little more work is required for modular and x86
support, so for the moment the driver depends on CONFIG_VIRTIO=y and
CONFIG_ARM64.

Acked-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
---
 MAINTAINERS                       |   7 +
 drivers/iommu/Kconfig             |  11 +
 drivers/iommu/Makefile            |   1 +
 drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c      | 934 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h   |   1 +
 include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h | 110 ++++
 6 files changed, 1064 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c
 create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index 429c6c624861..62bd1834d95a 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -16807,6 +16807,13 @@ S:	Maintained
 F:	drivers/virtio/virtio_input.c
 F:	include/uapi/linux/virtio_input.h
 
+VIRTIO IOMMU DRIVER
+M:	Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
+L:	virtualization@lists.linux-foundation.org
+S:	Maintained
+F:	drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c
+F:	include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h
+
 VIRTUAL BOX GUEST DEVICE DRIVER
 M:	Hans de Goede <hdegoede@redhat.com>
 M:	Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
index 83664db5221d..e15cdcd8cb3c 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
@@ -473,4 +473,15 @@ config HYPERV_IOMMU
 	  Stub IOMMU driver to handle IRQs as to allow Hyper-V Linux
 	  guests to run with x2APIC mode enabled.
 
+config VIRTIO_IOMMU
+	bool "Virtio IOMMU driver"
+	depends on VIRTIO=y
+	depends on ARM64
+	select IOMMU_API
+	select INTERVAL_TREE
+	help
+	  Para-virtualised IOMMU driver with virtio.
+
+	  Say Y here if you intend to run this kernel as a guest.
+
 endif # IOMMU_SUPPORT
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Makefile b/drivers/iommu/Makefile
index 8c71a15e986b..f13f36ae1af6 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/iommu/Makefile
@@ -33,3 +33,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_FSL_PAMU) += fsl_pamu.o fsl_pamu_domain.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_S390_IOMMU) += s390-iommu.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_QCOM_IOMMU) += qcom_iommu.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_HYPERV_IOMMU) += hyperv-iommu.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_IOMMU) += virtio-iommu.o
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b2719a87c3c5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c
@@ -0,0 +1,934 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Virtio driver for the paravirtualized IOMMU
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 Arm Limited
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
+
+#include <linux/amba/bus.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/dma-iommu.h>
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
+#include <linux/interval_tree.h>
+#include <linux/iommu.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/of_iommu.h>
+#include <linux/of_platform.h>
+#include <linux/pci.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/virtio.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_config.h>
+#include <linux/virtio_ids.h>
+#include <linux/wait.h>
+
+#include <uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h>
+
+#define MSI_IOVA_BASE			0x8000000
+#define MSI_IOVA_LENGTH			0x100000
+
+#define VIOMMU_REQUEST_VQ		0
+#define VIOMMU_NR_VQS			1
+
+struct viommu_dev {
+	struct iommu_device		iommu;
+	struct device			*dev;
+	struct virtio_device		*vdev;
+
+	struct ida			domain_ids;
+
+	struct virtqueue		*vqs[VIOMMU_NR_VQS];
+	spinlock_t			request_lock;
+	struct list_head		requests;
+
+	/* Device configuration */
+	struct iommu_domain_geometry	geometry;
+	u64				pgsize_bitmap;
+	u32				first_domain;
+	u32				last_domain;
+	/* Supported MAP flags */
+	u32				map_flags;
+};
+
+struct viommu_mapping {
+	phys_addr_t			paddr;
+	struct interval_tree_node	iova;
+	u32				flags;
+};
+
+struct viommu_domain {
+	struct iommu_domain		domain;
+	struct viommu_dev		*viommu;
+	struct mutex			mutex; /* protects viommu pointer */
+	unsigned int			id;
+	u32				map_flags;
+
+	spinlock_t			mappings_lock;
+	struct rb_root_cached		mappings;
+
+	unsigned long			nr_endpoints;
+};
+
+struct viommu_endpoint {
+	struct viommu_dev		*viommu;
+	struct viommu_domain		*vdomain;
+};
+
+struct viommu_request {
+	struct list_head		list;
+	void				*writeback;
+	unsigned int			write_offset;
+	unsigned int			len;
+	char				buf[];
+};
+
+#define to_viommu_domain(domain)	\
+	container_of(domain, struct viommu_domain, domain)
+
+static int viommu_get_req_errno(void *buf, size_t len)
+{
+	struct virtio_iommu_req_tail *tail = buf + len - sizeof(*tail);
+
+	switch (tail->status) {
+	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_OK:
+		return 0;
+	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_UNSUPP:
+		return -ENOSYS;
+	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_INVAL:
+		return -EINVAL;
+	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_RANGE:
+		return -ERANGE;
+	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_NOENT:
+		return -ENOENT;
+	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_FAULT:
+		return -EFAULT;
+	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_NOMEM:
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_IOERR:
+	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_DEVERR:
+	default:
+		return -EIO;
+	}
+}
+
+static void viommu_set_req_status(void *buf, size_t len, int status)
+{
+	struct virtio_iommu_req_tail *tail = buf + len - sizeof(*tail);
+
+	tail->status = status;
+}
+
+static off_t viommu_get_write_desc_offset(struct viommu_dev *viommu,
+					  struct virtio_iommu_req_head *req,
+					  size_t len)
+{
+	size_t tail_size = sizeof(struct virtio_iommu_req_tail);
+
+	return len - tail_size;
+}
+
+/*
+ * __viommu_sync_req - Complete all in-flight requests
+ *
+ * Wait for all added requests to complete. When this function returns, all
+ * requests that were in-flight at the time of the call have completed.
+ */
+static int __viommu_sync_req(struct viommu_dev *viommu)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+	unsigned int len;
+	size_t write_len;
+	struct viommu_request *req;
+	struct virtqueue *vq = viommu->vqs[VIOMMU_REQUEST_VQ];
+
+	assert_spin_locked(&viommu->request_lock);
+
+	virtqueue_kick(vq);
+
+	while (!list_empty(&viommu->requests)) {
+		len = 0;
+		req = virtqueue_get_buf(vq, &len);
+		if (!req)
+			continue;
+
+		if (!len)
+			viommu_set_req_status(req->buf, req->len,
+					      VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_IOERR);
+
+		write_len = req->len - req->write_offset;
+		if (req->writeback && len == write_len)
+			memcpy(req->writeback, req->buf + req->write_offset,
+			       write_len);
+
+		list_del(&req->list);
+		kfree(req);
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int viommu_sync_req(struct viommu_dev *viommu)
+{
+	int ret;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&viommu->request_lock, flags);
+	ret = __viommu_sync_req(viommu);
+	if (ret)
+		dev_dbg(viommu->dev, "could not sync requests (%d)\n", ret);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&viommu->request_lock, flags);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * __viommu_add_request - Add one request to the queue
+ * @buf: pointer to the request buffer
+ * @len: length of the request buffer
+ * @writeback: copy data back to the buffer when the request completes.
+ *
+ * Add a request to the queue. Only synchronize the queue if it's already full.
+ * Otherwise don't kick the queue nor wait for requests to complete.
+ *
+ * When @writeback is true, data written by the device, including the request
+ * status, is copied into @buf after the request completes. This is unsafe if
+ * the caller allocates @buf on stack and drops the lock between add_req() and
+ * sync_req().
+ *
+ * Return 0 if the request was successfully added to the queue.
+ */
+static int __viommu_add_req(struct viommu_dev *viommu, void *buf, size_t len,
+			    bool writeback)
+{
+	int ret;
+	off_t write_offset;
+	struct viommu_request *req;
+	struct scatterlist top_sg, bottom_sg;
+	struct scatterlist *sg[2] = { &top_sg, &bottom_sg };
+	struct virtqueue *vq = viommu->vqs[VIOMMU_REQUEST_VQ];
+
+	assert_spin_locked(&viommu->request_lock);
+
+	write_offset = viommu_get_write_desc_offset(viommu, buf, len);
+	if (write_offset <= 0)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	req = kzalloc(sizeof(*req) + len, GFP_ATOMIC);
+	if (!req)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	req->len = len;
+	if (writeback) {
+		req->writeback = buf + write_offset;
+		req->write_offset = write_offset;
+	}
+	memcpy(&req->buf, buf, write_offset);
+
+	sg_init_one(&top_sg, req->buf, write_offset);
+	sg_init_one(&bottom_sg, req->buf + write_offset, len - write_offset);
+
+	ret = virtqueue_add_sgs(vq, sg, 1, 1, req, GFP_ATOMIC);
+	if (ret == -ENOSPC) {
+		/* If the queue is full, sync and retry */
+		if (!__viommu_sync_req(viommu))
+			ret = virtqueue_add_sgs(vq, sg, 1, 1, req, GFP_ATOMIC);
+	}
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_free;
+
+	list_add_tail(&req->list, &viommu->requests);
+	return 0;
+
+err_free:
+	kfree(req);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int viommu_add_req(struct viommu_dev *viommu, void *buf, size_t len)
+{
+	int ret;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&viommu->request_lock, flags);
+	ret = __viommu_add_req(viommu, buf, len, false);
+	if (ret)
+		dev_dbg(viommu->dev, "could not add request: %d\n", ret);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&viommu->request_lock, flags);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Send a request and wait for it to complete. Return the request status (as an
+ * errno)
+ */
+static int viommu_send_req_sync(struct viommu_dev *viommu, void *buf,
+				size_t len)
+{
+	int ret;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&viommu->request_lock, flags);
+
+	ret = __viommu_add_req(viommu, buf, len, true);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_dbg(viommu->dev, "could not add request (%d)\n", ret);
+		goto out_unlock;
+	}
+
+	ret = __viommu_sync_req(viommu);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_dbg(viommu->dev, "could not sync requests (%d)\n", ret);
+		/* Fall-through (get the actual request status) */
+	}
+
+	ret = viommu_get_req_errno(buf, len);
+out_unlock:
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&viommu->request_lock, flags);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * viommu_add_mapping - add a mapping to the internal tree
+ *
+ * On success, return the new mapping. Otherwise return NULL.
+ */
+static int viommu_add_mapping(struct viommu_domain *vdomain, unsigned long iova,
+			      phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size, u32 flags)
+{
+	unsigned long irqflags;
+	struct viommu_mapping *mapping;
+
+	mapping = kzalloc(sizeof(*mapping), GFP_ATOMIC);
+	if (!mapping)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	mapping->paddr		= paddr;
+	mapping->iova.start	= iova;
+	mapping->iova.last	= iova + size - 1;
+	mapping->flags		= flags;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&vdomain->mappings_lock, irqflags);
+	interval_tree_insert(&mapping->iova, &vdomain->mappings);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vdomain->mappings_lock, irqflags);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * viommu_del_mappings - remove mappings from the internal tree
+ *
+ * @vdomain: the domain
+ * @iova: start of the range
+ * @size: size of the range. A size of 0 corresponds to the entire address
+ *	space.
+ *
+ * On success, returns the number of unmapped bytes (>= size)
+ */
+static size_t viommu_del_mappings(struct viommu_domain *vdomain,
+				  unsigned long iova, size_t size)
+{
+	size_t unmapped = 0;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	unsigned long last = iova + size - 1;
+	struct viommu_mapping *mapping = NULL;
+	struct interval_tree_node *node, *next;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&vdomain->mappings_lock, flags);
+	next = interval_tree_iter_first(&vdomain->mappings, iova, last);
+	while (next) {
+		node = next;
+		mapping = container_of(node, struct viommu_mapping, iova);
+		next = interval_tree_iter_next(node, iova, last);
+
+		/* Trying to split a mapping? */
+		if (mapping->iova.start < iova)
+			break;
+
+		/*
+		 * Virtio-iommu doesn't allow UNMAP to split a mapping created
+		 * with a single MAP request, so remove the full mapping.
+		 */
+		unmapped += mapping->iova.last - mapping->iova.start + 1;
+
+		interval_tree_remove(node, &vdomain->mappings);
+		kfree(mapping);
+	}
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vdomain->mappings_lock, flags);
+
+	return unmapped;
+}
+
+/*
+ * viommu_replay_mappings - re-send MAP requests
+ *
+ * When reattaching a domain that was previously detached from all endpoints,
+ * mappings were deleted from the device. Re-create the mappings available in
+ * the internal tree.
+ */
+static int viommu_replay_mappings(struct viommu_domain *vdomain)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	struct viommu_mapping *mapping;
+	struct interval_tree_node *node;
+	struct virtio_iommu_req_map map;
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&vdomain->mappings_lock, flags);
+	node = interval_tree_iter_first(&vdomain->mappings, 0, -1UL);
+	while (node) {
+		mapping = container_of(node, struct viommu_mapping, iova);
+		map = (struct virtio_iommu_req_map) {
+			.head.type	= VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_MAP,
+			.domain		= cpu_to_le32(vdomain->id),
+			.virt_start	= cpu_to_le64(mapping->iova.start),
+			.virt_end	= cpu_to_le64(mapping->iova.last),
+			.phys_start	= cpu_to_le64(mapping->paddr),
+			.flags		= cpu_to_le32(mapping->flags),
+		};
+
+		ret = viommu_send_req_sync(vdomain->viommu, &map, sizeof(map));
+		if (ret)
+			break;
+
+		node = interval_tree_iter_next(node, 0, -1UL);
+	}
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vdomain->mappings_lock, flags);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/* IOMMU API */
+
+static struct iommu_domain *viommu_domain_alloc(unsigned type)
+{
+	struct viommu_domain *vdomain;
+
+	if (type != IOMMU_DOMAIN_UNMANAGED && type != IOMMU_DOMAIN_DMA)
+		return NULL;
+
+	vdomain = kzalloc(sizeof(*vdomain), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!vdomain)
+		return NULL;
+
+	mutex_init(&vdomain->mutex);
+	spin_lock_init(&vdomain->mappings_lock);
+	vdomain->mappings = RB_ROOT_CACHED;
+
+	if (type == IOMMU_DOMAIN_DMA &&
+	    iommu_get_dma_cookie(&vdomain->domain)) {
+		kfree(vdomain);
+		return NULL;
+	}
+
+	return &vdomain->domain;
+}
+
+static int viommu_domain_finalise(struct viommu_dev *viommu,
+				  struct iommu_domain *domain)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct viommu_domain *vdomain = to_viommu_domain(domain);
+
+	vdomain->viommu		= viommu;
+	vdomain->map_flags	= viommu->map_flags;
+
+	domain->pgsize_bitmap	= viommu->pgsize_bitmap;
+	domain->geometry	= viommu->geometry;
+
+	ret = ida_alloc_range(&viommu->domain_ids, viommu->first_domain,
+			      viommu->last_domain, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (ret >= 0)
+		vdomain->id = (unsigned int)ret;
+
+	return ret > 0 ? 0 : ret;
+}
+
+static void viommu_domain_free(struct iommu_domain *domain)
+{
+	struct viommu_domain *vdomain = to_viommu_domain(domain);
+
+	iommu_put_dma_cookie(domain);
+
+	/* Free all remaining mappings (size 2^64) */
+	viommu_del_mappings(vdomain, 0, 0);
+
+	if (vdomain->viommu)
+		ida_free(&vdomain->viommu->domain_ids, vdomain->id);
+
+	kfree(vdomain);
+}
+
+static int viommu_attach_dev(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct device *dev)
+{
+	int i;
+	int ret = 0;
+	struct virtio_iommu_req_attach req;
+	struct iommu_fwspec *fwspec = dev_iommu_fwspec_get(dev);
+	struct viommu_endpoint *vdev = fwspec->iommu_priv;
+	struct viommu_domain *vdomain = to_viommu_domain(domain);
+
+	mutex_lock(&vdomain->mutex);
+	if (!vdomain->viommu) {
+		/*
+		 * Properly initialize the domain now that we know which viommu
+		 * owns it.
+		 */
+		ret = viommu_domain_finalise(vdev->viommu, domain);
+	} else if (vdomain->viommu != vdev->viommu) {
+		dev_err(dev, "cannot attach to foreign vIOMMU\n");
+		ret = -EXDEV;
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&vdomain->mutex);
+
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	/*
+	 * In the virtio-iommu device, when attaching the endpoint to a new
+	 * domain, it is detached from the old one and, if as as a result the
+	 * old domain isn't attached to any endpoint, all mappings are removed
+	 * from the old domain and it is freed.
+	 *
+	 * In the driver the old domain still exists, and its mappings will be
+	 * recreated if it gets reattached to an endpoint. Otherwise it will be
+	 * freed explicitly.
+	 *
+	 * vdev->vdomain is protected by group->mutex
+	 */
+	if (vdev->vdomain)
+		vdev->vdomain->nr_endpoints--;
+
+	req = (struct virtio_iommu_req_attach) {
+		.head.type	= VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_ATTACH,
+		.domain		= cpu_to_le32(vdomain->id),
+	};
+
+	for (i = 0; i < fwspec->num_ids; i++) {
+		req.endpoint = cpu_to_le32(fwspec->ids[i]);
+
+		ret = viommu_send_req_sync(vdomain->viommu, &req, sizeof(req));
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	}
+
+	if (!vdomain->nr_endpoints) {
+		/*
+		 * This endpoint is the first to be attached to the domain.
+		 * Replay existing mappings (e.g. SW MSI).
+		 */
+		ret = viommu_replay_mappings(vdomain);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	}
+
+	vdomain->nr_endpoints++;
+	vdev->vdomain = vdomain;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int viommu_map(struct iommu_domain *domain, unsigned long iova,
+		      phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size, int prot)
+{
+	int ret;
+	u32 flags;
+	struct virtio_iommu_req_map map;
+	struct viommu_domain *vdomain = to_viommu_domain(domain);
+
+	flags = (prot & IOMMU_READ ? VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_READ : 0) |
+		(prot & IOMMU_WRITE ? VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_WRITE : 0) |
+		(prot & IOMMU_MMIO ? VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_MMIO : 0);
+
+	if (flags & ~vdomain->map_flags)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	ret = viommu_add_mapping(vdomain, iova, paddr, size, flags);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	map = (struct virtio_iommu_req_map) {
+		.head.type	= VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_MAP,
+		.domain		= cpu_to_le32(vdomain->id),
+		.virt_start	= cpu_to_le64(iova),
+		.phys_start	= cpu_to_le64(paddr),
+		.virt_end	= cpu_to_le64(iova + size - 1),
+		.flags		= cpu_to_le32(flags),
+	};
+
+	if (!vdomain->nr_endpoints)
+		return 0;
+
+	ret = viommu_send_req_sync(vdomain->viommu, &map, sizeof(map));
+	if (ret)
+		viommu_del_mappings(vdomain, iova, size);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static size_t viommu_unmap(struct iommu_domain *domain, unsigned long iova,
+			   size_t size)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+	size_t unmapped;
+	struct virtio_iommu_req_unmap unmap;
+	struct viommu_domain *vdomain = to_viommu_domain(domain);
+
+	unmapped = viommu_del_mappings(vdomain, iova, size);
+	if (unmapped < size)
+		return 0;
+
+	/* Device already removed all mappings after detach. */
+	if (!vdomain->nr_endpoints)
+		return unmapped;
+
+	unmap = (struct virtio_iommu_req_unmap) {
+		.head.type	= VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_UNMAP,
+		.domain		= cpu_to_le32(vdomain->id),
+		.virt_start	= cpu_to_le64(iova),
+		.virt_end	= cpu_to_le64(iova + unmapped - 1),
+	};
+
+	ret = viommu_add_req(vdomain->viommu, &unmap, sizeof(unmap));
+	return ret ? 0 : unmapped;
+}
+
+static phys_addr_t viommu_iova_to_phys(struct iommu_domain *domain,
+				       dma_addr_t iova)
+{
+	u64 paddr = 0;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	struct viommu_mapping *mapping;
+	struct interval_tree_node *node;
+	struct viommu_domain *vdomain = to_viommu_domain(domain);
+
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&vdomain->mappings_lock, flags);
+	node = interval_tree_iter_first(&vdomain->mappings, iova, iova);
+	if (node) {
+		mapping = container_of(node, struct viommu_mapping, iova);
+		paddr = mapping->paddr + (iova - mapping->iova.start);
+	}
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vdomain->mappings_lock, flags);
+
+	return paddr;
+}
+
+static void viommu_iotlb_sync(struct iommu_domain *domain)
+{
+	struct viommu_domain *vdomain = to_viommu_domain(domain);
+
+	viommu_sync_req(vdomain->viommu);
+}
+
+static void viommu_get_resv_regions(struct device *dev, struct list_head *head)
+{
+	struct iommu_resv_region *region;
+	int prot = IOMMU_WRITE | IOMMU_NOEXEC | IOMMU_MMIO;
+
+	region = iommu_alloc_resv_region(MSI_IOVA_BASE, MSI_IOVA_LENGTH, prot,
+					 IOMMU_RESV_SW_MSI);
+	if (!region)
+		return;
+
+	list_add_tail(&region->list, head);
+	iommu_dma_get_resv_regions(dev, head);
+}
+
+static void viommu_put_resv_regions(struct device *dev, struct list_head *head)
+{
+	struct iommu_resv_region *entry, *next;
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(entry, next, head, list)
+		kfree(entry);
+}
+
+static struct iommu_ops viommu_ops;
+static struct virtio_driver virtio_iommu_drv;
+
+static int viommu_match_node(struct device *dev, void *data)
+{
+	return dev->parent->fwnode == data;
+}
+
+static struct viommu_dev *viommu_get_by_fwnode(struct fwnode_handle *fwnode)
+{
+	struct device *dev = driver_find_device(&virtio_iommu_drv.driver, NULL,
+						fwnode, viommu_match_node);
+	put_device(dev);
+
+	return dev ? dev_to_virtio(dev)->priv : NULL;
+}
+
+static int viommu_add_device(struct device *dev)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct iommu_group *group;
+	struct viommu_endpoint *vdev;
+	struct viommu_dev *viommu = NULL;
+	struct iommu_fwspec *fwspec = dev_iommu_fwspec_get(dev);
+
+	if (!fwspec || fwspec->ops != &viommu_ops)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	viommu = viommu_get_by_fwnode(fwspec->iommu_fwnode);
+	if (!viommu)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	vdev = kzalloc(sizeof(*vdev), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!vdev)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	vdev->viommu = viommu;
+	fwspec->iommu_priv = vdev;
+
+	ret = iommu_device_link(&viommu->iommu, dev);
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_free_dev;
+
+	/*
+	 * Last step creates a default domain and attaches to it. Everything
+	 * must be ready.
+	 */
+	group = iommu_group_get_for_dev(dev);
+	if (IS_ERR(group)) {
+		ret = PTR_ERR(group);
+		goto err_unlink_dev;
+	}
+
+	iommu_group_put(group);
+
+	return PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(group);
+
+err_unlink_dev:
+	iommu_device_unlink(&viommu->iommu, dev);
+err_free_dev:
+	kfree(vdev);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void viommu_remove_device(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct viommu_endpoint *vdev;
+	struct iommu_fwspec *fwspec = dev_iommu_fwspec_get(dev);
+
+	if (!fwspec || fwspec->ops != &viommu_ops)
+		return;
+
+	vdev = fwspec->iommu_priv;
+
+	iommu_group_remove_device(dev);
+	iommu_device_unlink(&vdev->viommu->iommu, dev);
+	kfree(vdev);
+}
+
+static struct iommu_group *viommu_device_group(struct device *dev)
+{
+	if (dev_is_pci(dev))
+		return pci_device_group(dev);
+	else
+		return generic_device_group(dev);
+}
+
+static int viommu_of_xlate(struct device *dev, struct of_phandle_args *args)
+{
+	return iommu_fwspec_add_ids(dev, args->args, 1);
+}
+
+static struct iommu_ops viommu_ops = {
+	.domain_alloc		= viommu_domain_alloc,
+	.domain_free		= viommu_domain_free,
+	.attach_dev		= viommu_attach_dev,
+	.map			= viommu_map,
+	.unmap			= viommu_unmap,
+	.iova_to_phys		= viommu_iova_to_phys,
+	.iotlb_sync		= viommu_iotlb_sync,
+	.add_device		= viommu_add_device,
+	.remove_device		= viommu_remove_device,
+	.device_group		= viommu_device_group,
+	.get_resv_regions	= viommu_get_resv_regions,
+	.put_resv_regions	= viommu_put_resv_regions,
+	.of_xlate		= viommu_of_xlate,
+};
+
+static int viommu_init_vqs(struct viommu_dev *viommu)
+{
+	struct virtio_device *vdev = dev_to_virtio(viommu->dev);
+	const char *name = "request";
+	void *ret;
+
+	ret = virtio_find_single_vq(vdev, NULL, name);
+	if (IS_ERR(ret)) {
+		dev_err(viommu->dev, "cannot find VQ\n");
+		return PTR_ERR(ret);
+	}
+
+	viommu->vqs[VIOMMU_REQUEST_VQ] = ret;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int viommu_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+	struct device *parent_dev = vdev->dev.parent;
+	struct viommu_dev *viommu = NULL;
+	struct device *dev = &vdev->dev;
+	u64 input_start = 0;
+	u64 input_end = -1UL;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (!virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_F_VERSION_1) ||
+	    !virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_MAP_UNMAP))
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	viommu = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*viommu), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!viommu)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	spin_lock_init(&viommu->request_lock);
+	ida_init(&viommu->domain_ids);
+	viommu->dev = dev;
+	viommu->vdev = vdev;
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&viommu->requests);
+
+	ret = viommu_init_vqs(viommu);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	virtio_cread(vdev, struct virtio_iommu_config, page_size_mask,
+		     &viommu->pgsize_bitmap);
+
+	if (!viommu->pgsize_bitmap) {
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto err_free_vqs;
+	}
+
+	viommu->map_flags = VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_READ | VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_WRITE;
+	viommu->last_domain = ~0U;
+
+	/* Optional features */
+	virtio_cread_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_INPUT_RANGE,
+			     struct virtio_iommu_config, input_range.start,
+			     &input_start);
+
+	virtio_cread_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_INPUT_RANGE,
+			     struct virtio_iommu_config, input_range.end,
+			     &input_end);
+
+	virtio_cread_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_DOMAIN_RANGE,
+			     struct virtio_iommu_config, domain_range.start,
+			     &viommu->first_domain);
+
+	virtio_cread_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_DOMAIN_RANGE,
+			     struct virtio_iommu_config, domain_range.end,
+			     &viommu->last_domain);
+
+	viommu->geometry = (struct iommu_domain_geometry) {
+		.aperture_start	= input_start,
+		.aperture_end	= input_end,
+		.force_aperture	= true,
+	};
+
+	if (virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_MMIO))
+		viommu->map_flags |= VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_MMIO;
+
+	viommu_ops.pgsize_bitmap = viommu->pgsize_bitmap;
+
+	virtio_device_ready(vdev);
+
+	ret = iommu_device_sysfs_add(&viommu->iommu, dev, NULL, "%s",
+				     virtio_bus_name(vdev));
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_free_vqs;
+
+	iommu_device_set_ops(&viommu->iommu, &viommu_ops);
+	iommu_device_set_fwnode(&viommu->iommu, parent_dev->fwnode);
+
+	iommu_device_register(&viommu->iommu);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PCI
+	if (pci_bus_type.iommu_ops != &viommu_ops) {
+		pci_request_acs();
+		ret = bus_set_iommu(&pci_bus_type, &viommu_ops);
+		if (ret)
+			goto err_unregister;
+	}
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_AMBA
+	if (amba_bustype.iommu_ops != &viommu_ops) {
+		ret = bus_set_iommu(&amba_bustype, &viommu_ops);
+		if (ret)
+			goto err_unregister;
+	}
+#endif
+	if (platform_bus_type.iommu_ops != &viommu_ops) {
+		ret = bus_set_iommu(&platform_bus_type, &viommu_ops);
+		if (ret)
+			goto err_unregister;
+	}
+
+	vdev->priv = viommu;
+
+	dev_info(dev, "input address: %u bits\n",
+		 order_base_2(viommu->geometry.aperture_end));
+	dev_info(dev, "page mask: %#llx\n", viommu->pgsize_bitmap);
+
+	return 0;
+
+err_unregister:
+	iommu_device_sysfs_remove(&viommu->iommu);
+	iommu_device_unregister(&viommu->iommu);
+err_free_vqs:
+	vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void viommu_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+	struct viommu_dev *viommu = vdev->priv;
+
+	iommu_device_sysfs_remove(&viommu->iommu);
+	iommu_device_unregister(&viommu->iommu);
+
+	/* Stop all virtqueues */
+	vdev->config->reset(vdev);
+	vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);
+
+	dev_info(&vdev->dev, "device removed\n");
+}
+
+static void viommu_config_changed(struct virtio_device *vdev)
+{
+	dev_warn(&vdev->dev, "config changed\n");
+}
+
+static unsigned int features[] = {
+	VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_MAP_UNMAP,
+	VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_INPUT_RANGE,
+	VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_DOMAIN_RANGE,
+	VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_MMIO,
+};
+
+static struct virtio_device_id id_table[] = {
+	{ VIRTIO_ID_IOMMU, VIRTIO_DEV_ANY_ID },
+	{ 0 },
+};
+
+static struct virtio_driver virtio_iommu_drv = {
+	.driver.name		= KBUILD_MODNAME,
+	.driver.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
+	.id_table		= id_table,
+	.feature_table		= features,
+	.feature_table_size	= ARRAY_SIZE(features),
+	.probe			= viommu_probe,
+	.remove			= viommu_remove,
+	.config_changed		= viommu_config_changed,
+};
+
+module_virtio_driver(virtio_iommu_drv);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Virtio IOMMU driver");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h
index 6d5c3b2d4f4d..cfe47c5d9a56 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h
@@ -43,5 +43,6 @@
 #define VIRTIO_ID_INPUT        18 /* virtio input */
 #define VIRTIO_ID_VSOCK        19 /* virtio vsock transport */
 #define VIRTIO_ID_CRYPTO       20 /* virtio crypto */
+#define VIRTIO_ID_IOMMU        23 /* virtio IOMMU */
 
 #endif /* _LINUX_VIRTIO_IDS_H */
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5da1818080de
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h
@@ -0,0 +1,110 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-3-Clause */
+/*
+ * Virtio-iommu definition v0.12
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 Arm Ltd.
+ */
+#ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_VIRTIO_IOMMU_H
+#define _UAPI_LINUX_VIRTIO_IOMMU_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+/* Feature bits */
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_INPUT_RANGE		0
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_DOMAIN_RANGE		1
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_MAP_UNMAP		2
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_BYPASS			3
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_MMIO			5
+
+struct virtio_iommu_range_64 {
+	__le64					start;
+	__le64					end;
+};
+
+struct virtio_iommu_range_32 {
+	__le32					start;
+	__le32					end;
+};
+
+struct virtio_iommu_config {
+	/* Supported page sizes */
+	__le64					page_size_mask;
+	/* Supported IOVA range */
+	struct virtio_iommu_range_64		input_range;
+	/* Max domain ID size */
+	struct virtio_iommu_range_32		domain_range;
+	/* Probe buffer size */
+	__le32					probe_size;
+};
+
+/* Request types */
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_ATTACH			0x01
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_DETACH			0x02
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_MAP			0x03
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_UNMAP			0x04
+
+/* Status types */
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_OK			0x00
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_IOERR			0x01
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_UNSUPP			0x02
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_DEVERR			0x03
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_INVAL			0x04
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_RANGE			0x05
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_NOENT			0x06
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_FAULT			0x07
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_NOMEM			0x08
+
+struct virtio_iommu_req_head {
+	__u8					type;
+	__u8					reserved[3];
+};
+
+struct virtio_iommu_req_tail {
+	__u8					status;
+	__u8					reserved[3];
+};
+
+struct virtio_iommu_req_attach {
+	struct virtio_iommu_req_head		head;
+	__le32					domain;
+	__le32					endpoint;
+	__u8					reserved[8];
+	struct virtio_iommu_req_tail		tail;
+};
+
+struct virtio_iommu_req_detach {
+	struct virtio_iommu_req_head		head;
+	__le32					domain;
+	__le32					endpoint;
+	__u8					reserved[8];
+	struct virtio_iommu_req_tail		tail;
+};
+
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_READ			(1 << 0)
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_WRITE		(1 << 1)
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_MMIO			(1 << 2)
+
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_MASK			(VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_READ |	\
+						 VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_WRITE |	\
+						 VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_MMIO)
+
+struct virtio_iommu_req_map {
+	struct virtio_iommu_req_head		head;
+	__le32					domain;
+	__le64					virt_start;
+	__le64					virt_end;
+	__le64					phys_start;
+	__le32					flags;
+	struct virtio_iommu_req_tail		tail;
+};
+
+struct virtio_iommu_req_unmap {
+	struct virtio_iommu_req_head		head;
+	__le32					domain;
+	__le64					virt_start;
+	__le64					virt_end;
+	__u8					reserved[4];
+	struct virtio_iommu_req_tail		tail;
+};
+
+#endif
-- 
2.21.0

_______________________________________________
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 6/7] iommu/virtio: Add probe request
  2019-05-30 17:09 [PATCH v8 0/7] Add virtio-iommu driver Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 5/7] iommu: Add virtio-iommu driver Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2019-05-30 17:09 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 7/7] iommu/virtio: Add event queue Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2019-06-13 15:54 ` [PATCH v8 0/7] Add virtio-iommu driver Auger Eric
  7 siblings, 0 replies; 13+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2019-05-30 17:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: joro, mst
  Cc: virtio-dev, kevin.tian, Lorenzo.Pieralisi, tnowicki,
	frowand.list, devicetree, linux-pci, jasowang, virtualization,
	iommu, robh+dt, bhelgaas, robin.murphy, kvmarm, bauerman

When the device offers the probe feature, send a probe request for each
device managed by the IOMMU. Extract RESV_MEM information. When we
encounter a MSI doorbell region, set it up as a IOMMU_RESV_MSI region.
This will tell other subsystems that there is no need to map the MSI
doorbell in the virtio-iommu, because MSIs bypass it.

Acked-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
---
 drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c      | 157 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h |  36 +++++++
 2 files changed, 187 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c
index b2719a87c3c5..5d4947c47420 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c
@@ -49,6 +49,7 @@ struct viommu_dev {
 	u32				last_domain;
 	/* Supported MAP flags */
 	u32				map_flags;
+	u32				probe_size;
 };
 
 struct viommu_mapping {
@@ -71,8 +72,10 @@ struct viommu_domain {
 };
 
 struct viommu_endpoint {
+	struct device			*dev;
 	struct viommu_dev		*viommu;
 	struct viommu_domain		*vdomain;
+	struct list_head		resv_regions;
 };
 
 struct viommu_request {
@@ -125,6 +128,9 @@ static off_t viommu_get_write_desc_offset(struct viommu_dev *viommu,
 {
 	size_t tail_size = sizeof(struct virtio_iommu_req_tail);
 
+	if (req->type == VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_PROBE)
+		return len - viommu->probe_size - tail_size;
+
 	return len - tail_size;
 }
 
@@ -399,6 +405,110 @@ static int viommu_replay_mappings(struct viommu_domain *vdomain)
 	return ret;
 }
 
+static int viommu_add_resv_mem(struct viommu_endpoint *vdev,
+			       struct virtio_iommu_probe_resv_mem *mem,
+			       size_t len)
+{
+	size_t size;
+	u64 start64, end64;
+	phys_addr_t start, end;
+	struct iommu_resv_region *region = NULL;
+	unsigned long prot = IOMMU_WRITE | IOMMU_NOEXEC | IOMMU_MMIO;
+
+	start = start64 = le64_to_cpu(mem->start);
+	end = end64 = le64_to_cpu(mem->end);
+	size = end64 - start64 + 1;
+
+	/* Catch any overflow, including the unlikely end64 - start64 + 1 = 0 */
+	if (start != start64 || end != end64 || size < end64 - start64)
+		return -EOVERFLOW;
+
+	if (len < sizeof(*mem))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	switch (mem->subtype) {
+	default:
+		dev_warn(vdev->dev, "unknown resv mem subtype 0x%x\n",
+			 mem->subtype);
+		/* Fall-through */
+	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_RESV_MEM_T_RESERVED:
+		region = iommu_alloc_resv_region(start, size, 0,
+						 IOMMU_RESV_RESERVED);
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_RESV_MEM_T_MSI:
+		region = iommu_alloc_resv_region(start, size, prot,
+						 IOMMU_RESV_MSI);
+		break;
+	}
+	if (!region)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	list_add(&vdev->resv_regions, &region->list);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int viommu_probe_endpoint(struct viommu_dev *viommu, struct device *dev)
+{
+	int ret;
+	u16 type, len;
+	size_t cur = 0;
+	size_t probe_len;
+	struct virtio_iommu_req_probe *probe;
+	struct virtio_iommu_probe_property *prop;
+	struct iommu_fwspec *fwspec = dev_iommu_fwspec_get(dev);
+	struct viommu_endpoint *vdev = fwspec->iommu_priv;
+
+	if (!fwspec->num_ids)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	probe_len = sizeof(*probe) + viommu->probe_size +
+		    sizeof(struct virtio_iommu_req_tail);
+	probe = kzalloc(probe_len, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!probe)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	probe->head.type = VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_PROBE;
+	/*
+	 * For now, assume that properties of an endpoint that outputs multiple
+	 * IDs are consistent. Only probe the first one.
+	 */
+	probe->endpoint = cpu_to_le32(fwspec->ids[0]);
+
+	ret = viommu_send_req_sync(viommu, probe, probe_len);
+	if (ret)
+		goto out_free;
+
+	prop = (void *)probe->properties;
+	type = le16_to_cpu(prop->type) & VIRTIO_IOMMU_PROBE_T_MASK;
+
+	while (type != VIRTIO_IOMMU_PROBE_T_NONE &&
+	       cur < viommu->probe_size) {
+		len = le16_to_cpu(prop->length) + sizeof(*prop);
+
+		switch (type) {
+		case VIRTIO_IOMMU_PROBE_T_RESV_MEM:
+			ret = viommu_add_resv_mem(vdev, (void *)prop, len);
+			break;
+		default:
+			dev_err(dev, "unknown viommu prop 0x%x\n", type);
+		}
+
+		if (ret)
+			dev_err(dev, "failed to parse viommu prop 0x%x\n", type);
+
+		cur += len;
+		if (cur >= viommu->probe_size)
+			break;
+
+		prop = (void *)probe->properties + cur;
+		type = le16_to_cpu(prop->type) & VIRTIO_IOMMU_PROBE_T_MASK;
+	}
+
+out_free:
+	kfree(probe);
+	return ret;
+}
+
 /* IOMMU API */
 
 static struct iommu_domain *viommu_domain_alloc(unsigned type)
@@ -623,15 +733,34 @@ static void viommu_iotlb_sync(struct iommu_domain *domain)
 
 static void viommu_get_resv_regions(struct device *dev, struct list_head *head)
 {
-	struct iommu_resv_region *region;
+	struct iommu_resv_region *entry, *new_entry, *msi = NULL;
+	struct iommu_fwspec *fwspec = dev_iommu_fwspec_get(dev);
+	struct viommu_endpoint *vdev = fwspec->iommu_priv;
 	int prot = IOMMU_WRITE | IOMMU_NOEXEC | IOMMU_MMIO;
 
-	region = iommu_alloc_resv_region(MSI_IOVA_BASE, MSI_IOVA_LENGTH, prot,
-					 IOMMU_RESV_SW_MSI);
-	if (!region)
-		return;
+	list_for_each_entry(entry, &vdev->resv_regions, list) {
+		if (entry->type == IOMMU_RESV_MSI)
+			msi = entry;
+
+		new_entry = kmemdup(entry, sizeof(*entry), GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!new_entry)
+			return;
+		list_add_tail(&new_entry->list, head);
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * If the device didn't register any bypass MSI window, add a
+	 * software-mapped region.
+	 */
+	if (!msi) {
+		msi = iommu_alloc_resv_region(MSI_IOVA_BASE, MSI_IOVA_LENGTH,
+					      prot, IOMMU_RESV_SW_MSI);
+		if (!msi)
+			return;
+
+		list_add_tail(&msi->list, head);
+	}
 
-	list_add_tail(&region->list, head);
 	iommu_dma_get_resv_regions(dev, head);
 }
 
@@ -679,9 +808,18 @@ static int viommu_add_device(struct device *dev)
 	if (!vdev)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
+	vdev->dev = dev;
 	vdev->viommu = viommu;
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vdev->resv_regions);
 	fwspec->iommu_priv = vdev;
 
+	if (viommu->probe_size) {
+		/* Get additional information for this endpoint */
+		ret = viommu_probe_endpoint(viommu, dev);
+		if (ret)
+			goto err_free_dev;
+	}
+
 	ret = iommu_device_link(&viommu->iommu, dev);
 	if (ret)
 		goto err_free_dev;
@@ -703,6 +841,7 @@ static int viommu_add_device(struct device *dev)
 err_unlink_dev:
 	iommu_device_unlink(&viommu->iommu, dev);
 err_free_dev:
+	viommu_put_resv_regions(dev, &vdev->resv_regions);
 	kfree(vdev);
 
 	return ret;
@@ -720,6 +859,7 @@ static void viommu_remove_device(struct device *dev)
 
 	iommu_group_remove_device(dev);
 	iommu_device_unlink(&vdev->viommu->iommu, dev);
+	viommu_put_resv_regions(dev, &vdev->resv_regions);
 	kfree(vdev);
 }
 
@@ -824,6 +964,10 @@ static int viommu_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
 			     struct virtio_iommu_config, domain_range.end,
 			     &viommu->last_domain);
 
+	virtio_cread_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_PROBE,
+			     struct virtio_iommu_config, probe_size,
+			     &viommu->probe_size);
+
 	viommu->geometry = (struct iommu_domain_geometry) {
 		.aperture_start	= input_start,
 		.aperture_end	= input_end,
@@ -908,6 +1052,7 @@ static unsigned int features[] = {
 	VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_MAP_UNMAP,
 	VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_INPUT_RANGE,
 	VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_DOMAIN_RANGE,
+	VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_PROBE,
 	VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_MMIO,
 };
 
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h
index 5da1818080de..20ead0cadced 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
 #define VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_DOMAIN_RANGE		1
 #define VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_MAP_UNMAP		2
 #define VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_BYPASS			3
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_PROBE			4
 #define VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_MMIO			5
 
 struct virtio_iommu_range_64 {
@@ -42,6 +43,7 @@ struct virtio_iommu_config {
 #define VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_DETACH			0x02
 #define VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_MAP			0x03
 #define VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_UNMAP			0x04
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_PROBE			0x05
 
 /* Status types */
 #define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_OK			0x00
@@ -107,4 +109,38 @@ struct virtio_iommu_req_unmap {
 	struct virtio_iommu_req_tail		tail;
 };
 
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_PROBE_T_NONE		0
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_PROBE_T_RESV_MEM		1
+
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_PROBE_T_MASK		0xfff
+
+struct virtio_iommu_probe_property {
+	__le16					type;
+	__le16					length;
+};
+
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_RESV_MEM_T_RESERVED	0
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_RESV_MEM_T_MSI		1
+
+struct virtio_iommu_probe_resv_mem {
+	struct virtio_iommu_probe_property	head;
+	__u8					subtype;
+	__u8					reserved[3];
+	__le64					start;
+	__le64					end;
+};
+
+struct virtio_iommu_req_probe {
+	struct virtio_iommu_req_head		head;
+	__le32					endpoint;
+	__u8					reserved[64];
+
+	__u8					properties[];
+
+	/*
+	 * Tail follows the variable-length properties array. No padding,
+	 * property lengths are all aligned on 8 bytes.
+	 */
+};
+
 #endif
-- 
2.21.0

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v8 7/7] iommu/virtio: Add event queue
  2019-05-30 17:09 [PATCH v8 0/7] Add virtio-iommu driver Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 6/7] iommu/virtio: Add probe request Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2019-05-30 17:09 ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2019-06-13 15:54 ` [PATCH v8 0/7] Add virtio-iommu driver Auger Eric
  7 siblings, 0 replies; 13+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2019-05-30 17:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: joro, mst
  Cc: virtio-dev, kevin.tian, Lorenzo.Pieralisi, tnowicki,
	frowand.list, devicetree, linux-pci, jasowang, virtualization,
	iommu, robh+dt, bhelgaas, robin.murphy, kvmarm, bauerman

The event queue offers a way for the device to report access faults from
endpoints. It is implemented on virtqueue #1. Whenever the host needs to
signal a fault, it fills one of the buffers offered by the guest and
interrupts it.

Acked-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
---
 drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c      | 115 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h |  19 +++++
 2 files changed, 125 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c
index 5d4947c47420..2688cdcac6e5 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c
@@ -29,7 +29,8 @@
 #define MSI_IOVA_LENGTH			0x100000
 
 #define VIOMMU_REQUEST_VQ		0
-#define VIOMMU_NR_VQS			1
+#define VIOMMU_EVENT_VQ			1
+#define VIOMMU_NR_VQS			2
 
 struct viommu_dev {
 	struct iommu_device		iommu;
@@ -41,6 +42,7 @@ struct viommu_dev {
 	struct virtqueue		*vqs[VIOMMU_NR_VQS];
 	spinlock_t			request_lock;
 	struct list_head		requests;
+	void				*evts;
 
 	/* Device configuration */
 	struct iommu_domain_geometry	geometry;
@@ -86,6 +88,15 @@ struct viommu_request {
 	char				buf[];
 };
 
+#define VIOMMU_FAULT_RESV_MASK		0xffffff00
+
+struct viommu_event {
+	union {
+		u32			head;
+		struct virtio_iommu_fault fault;
+	};
+};
+
 #define to_viommu_domain(domain)	\
 	container_of(domain, struct viommu_domain, domain)
 
@@ -509,6 +520,68 @@ static int viommu_probe_endpoint(struct viommu_dev *viommu, struct device *dev)
 	return ret;
 }
 
+static int viommu_fault_handler(struct viommu_dev *viommu,
+				struct virtio_iommu_fault *fault)
+{
+	char *reason_str;
+
+	u8 reason	= fault->reason;
+	u32 flags	= le32_to_cpu(fault->flags);
+	u32 endpoint	= le32_to_cpu(fault->endpoint);
+	u64 address	= le64_to_cpu(fault->address);
+
+	switch (reason) {
+	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_FAULT_R_DOMAIN:
+		reason_str = "domain";
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_FAULT_R_MAPPING:
+		reason_str = "page";
+		break;
+	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_FAULT_R_UNKNOWN:
+	default:
+		reason_str = "unknown";
+		break;
+	}
+
+	/* TODO: find EP by ID and report_iommu_fault */
+	if (flags & VIRTIO_IOMMU_FAULT_F_ADDRESS)
+		dev_err_ratelimited(viommu->dev, "%s fault from EP %u at %#llx [%s%s%s]\n",
+				    reason_str, endpoint, address,
+				    flags & VIRTIO_IOMMU_FAULT_F_READ ? "R" : "",
+				    flags & VIRTIO_IOMMU_FAULT_F_WRITE ? "W" : "",
+				    flags & VIRTIO_IOMMU_FAULT_F_EXEC ? "X" : "");
+	else
+		dev_err_ratelimited(viommu->dev, "%s fault from EP %u\n",
+				    reason_str, endpoint);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void viommu_event_handler(struct virtqueue *vq)
+{
+	int ret;
+	unsigned int len;
+	struct scatterlist sg[1];
+	struct viommu_event *evt;
+	struct viommu_dev *viommu = vq->vdev->priv;
+
+	while ((evt = virtqueue_get_buf(vq, &len)) != NULL) {
+		if (len > sizeof(*evt)) {
+			dev_err(viommu->dev,
+				"invalid event buffer (len %u != %zu)\n",
+				len, sizeof(*evt));
+		} else if (!(evt->head & VIOMMU_FAULT_RESV_MASK)) {
+			viommu_fault_handler(viommu, &evt->fault);
+		}
+
+		sg_init_one(sg, evt, sizeof(*evt));
+		ret = virtqueue_add_inbuf(vq, sg, 1, evt, GFP_ATOMIC);
+		if (ret)
+			dev_err(viommu->dev, "could not add event buffer\n");
+	}
+
+	virtqueue_kick(vq);
+}
+
 /* IOMMU API */
 
 static struct iommu_domain *viommu_domain_alloc(unsigned type)
@@ -895,16 +968,35 @@ static struct iommu_ops viommu_ops = {
 static int viommu_init_vqs(struct viommu_dev *viommu)
 {
 	struct virtio_device *vdev = dev_to_virtio(viommu->dev);
-	const char *name = "request";
-	void *ret;
+	const char *names[] = { "request", "event" };
+	vq_callback_t *callbacks[] = {
+		NULL, /* No async requests */
+		viommu_event_handler,
+	};
 
-	ret = virtio_find_single_vq(vdev, NULL, name);
-	if (IS_ERR(ret)) {
-		dev_err(viommu->dev, "cannot find VQ\n");
-		return PTR_ERR(ret);
-	}
+	return virtio_find_vqs(vdev, VIOMMU_NR_VQS, viommu->vqs, callbacks,
+			       names, NULL);
+}
 
-	viommu->vqs[VIOMMU_REQUEST_VQ] = ret;
+static int viommu_fill_evtq(struct viommu_dev *viommu)
+{
+	int i, ret;
+	struct scatterlist sg[1];
+	struct viommu_event *evts;
+	struct virtqueue *vq = viommu->vqs[VIOMMU_EVENT_VQ];
+	size_t nr_evts = vq->num_free;
+
+	viommu->evts = evts = devm_kmalloc_array(viommu->dev, nr_evts,
+						 sizeof(*evts), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!evts)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < nr_evts; i++) {
+		sg_init_one(sg, &evts[i], sizeof(*evts));
+		ret = virtqueue_add_inbuf(vq, sg, 1, &evts[i], GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	}
 
 	return 0;
 }
@@ -981,6 +1073,11 @@ static int viommu_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
 
 	virtio_device_ready(vdev);
 
+	/* Populate the event queue with buffers */
+	ret = viommu_fill_evtq(viommu);
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_free_vqs;
+
 	ret = iommu_device_sysfs_add(&viommu->iommu, dev, NULL, "%s",
 				     virtio_bus_name(vdev));
 	if (ret)
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h
index 20ead0cadced..237e36a280cb 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h
@@ -143,4 +143,23 @@ struct virtio_iommu_req_probe {
 	 */
 };
 
+/* Fault types */
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_FAULT_R_UNKNOWN		0
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_FAULT_R_DOMAIN		1
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_FAULT_R_MAPPING		2
+
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_FAULT_F_READ		(1 << 0)
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_FAULT_F_WRITE		(1 << 1)
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_FAULT_F_EXEC		(1 << 2)
+#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_FAULT_F_ADDRESS		(1 << 8)
+
+struct virtio_iommu_fault {
+	__u8					reason;
+	__u8					reserved[3];
+	__le32					flags;
+	__le32					endpoint;
+	__u8					reserved2[4];
+	__le64					address;
+};
+
 #endif
-- 
2.21.0

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 2/7] dt-bindings: virtio: Add virtio-pci-iommu node
  2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 2/7] dt-bindings: virtio: Add virtio-pci-iommu node Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2019-05-30 17:45   ` Michael S. Tsirkin
  2019-05-31 11:13     ` [virtio-dev] " Jean-Philippe Brucker
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 13+ messages in thread
From: Michael S. Tsirkin @ 2019-05-30 17:45 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jean-Philippe Brucker
  Cc: virtio-dev, kevin.tian, Lorenzo.Pieralisi, tnowicki,
	frowand.list, devicetree, linux-pci, joro, virtualization, iommu,
	robh+dt, kvmarm, bhelgaas, robin.murphy, jasowang, bauerman

On Thu, May 30, 2019 at 06:09:24PM +0100, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> Some systems implement virtio-iommu as a PCI endpoint. The operating
> system needs to discover the relationship between IOMMU and masters long
> before the PCI endpoint gets probed. Add a PCI child node to describe the
> virtio-iommu device.
> 
> The virtio-pci-iommu is conceptually split between a PCI programming
> interface and a translation component on the parent bus. The latter
> doesn't have a node in the device tree. The virtio-pci-iommu node
> describes both, by linking the PCI endpoint to "iommus" property of DMA
> master nodes and to "iommu-map" properties of bus nodes.
> 
> Reviewed-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
> Reviewed-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com>
> Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>

So this is just an example right?
We are not defining any new properties or anything like that.

I think down the road for non dt platforms we want to put this
info in the config space of the device. I do not think ACPI
is the best option for this since not all systems have it.
But that can wait.

> ---
>  .../devicetree/bindings/virtio/iommu.txt      | 66 +++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 66 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/virtio/iommu.txt
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/virtio/iommu.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/virtio/iommu.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..2407fea0651c
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/virtio/iommu.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,66 @@
> +* virtio IOMMU PCI device
> +
> +When virtio-iommu uses the PCI transport, its programming interface is
> +discovered dynamically by the PCI probing infrastructure. However the
> +device tree statically describes the relation between IOMMU and DMA
> +masters. Therefore, the PCI root complex that hosts the virtio-iommu
> +contains a child node representing the IOMMU device explicitly.
> +
> +Required properties:
> +
> +- compatible:	Should be "virtio,pci-iommu"
> +- reg:		PCI address of the IOMMU. As defined in the PCI Bus
> +		Binding reference [1], the reg property is a five-cell
> +		address encoded as (phys.hi phys.mid phys.lo size.hi
> +		size.lo). phys.hi should contain the device's BDF as
> +		0b00000000 bbbbbbbb dddddfff 00000000. The other cells
> +		should be zero.
> +- #iommu-cells:	Each platform DMA master managed by the IOMMU is assigned
> +		an endpoint ID, described by the "iommus" property [2].
> +		For virtio-iommu, #iommu-cells must be 1.
> +
> +Notes:
> +
> +- DMA from the IOMMU device isn't managed by another IOMMU. Therefore the
> +  virtio-iommu node doesn't have an "iommus" property, and is omitted from
> +  the iommu-map property of the root complex.
> +
> +Example:
> +
> +pcie@10000000 {
> +	compatible = "pci-host-ecam-generic";
> +	...
> +
> +	/* The IOMMU programming interface uses slot 00:01.0 */
> +	iommu0: iommu@0008 {
> +		compatible = "virtio,pci-iommu";
> +		reg = <0x00000800 0 0 0 0>;
> +		#iommu-cells = <1>;
> +	};
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * The IOMMU manages all functions in this PCI domain except
> +	 * itself. Omit BDF 00:01.0.
> +	 */
> +	iommu-map = <0x0 &iommu0 0x0 0x8>
> +		    <0x9 &iommu0 0x9 0xfff7>;
> +};
> +
> +pcie@20000000 {
> +	compatible = "pci-host-ecam-generic";
> +	...
> +	/*
> +	 * The IOMMU also manages all functions from this domain,
> +	 * with endpoint IDs 0x10000 - 0x1ffff
> +	 */
> +	iommu-map = <0x0 &iommu0 0x10000 0x10000>;
> +};
> +
> +ethernet@fe001000 {
> +	...
> +	/* The IOMMU manages this platform device with endpoint ID 0x20000 */
> +	iommus = <&iommu0 0x20000>;
> +};
> +
> +[1] Documentation/devicetree/bindings/pci/pci.txt
> +[2] Documentation/devicetree/bindings/iommu/iommu.txt
> -- 
> 2.21.0
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* Re: [virtio-dev] Re: [PATCH v8 2/7] dt-bindings: virtio: Add virtio-pci-iommu node
  2019-05-30 17:45   ` Michael S. Tsirkin
@ 2019-05-31 11:13     ` " Jean-Philippe Brucker
  2019-06-16 20:04       ` Michael S. Tsirkin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 13+ messages in thread
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker @ 2019-05-31 11:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Michael S. Tsirkin
  Cc: virtio-dev, kevin.tian, Lorenzo Pieralisi, tnowicki,
	frowand.list, devicetree, linux-pci, joro, virtualization, iommu,
	robh+dt, kvmarm, bhelgaas, Robin Murphy, jasowang, bauerman

On 30/05/2019 18:45, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> On Thu, May 30, 2019 at 06:09:24PM +0100, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
>> Some systems implement virtio-iommu as a PCI endpoint. The operating
>> system needs to discover the relationship between IOMMU and masters long
>> before the PCI endpoint gets probed. Add a PCI child node to describe the
>> virtio-iommu device.
>>
>> The virtio-pci-iommu is conceptually split between a PCI programming
>> interface and a translation component on the parent bus. The latter
>> doesn't have a node in the device tree. The virtio-pci-iommu node
>> describes both, by linking the PCI endpoint to "iommus" property of DMA
>> master nodes and to "iommu-map" properties of bus nodes.
>>
>> Reviewed-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
>> Reviewed-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
> 
> So this is just an example right?
> We are not defining any new properties or anything like that.

Yes it's just an example. The properties already exist but it's good to
describe how to put them together for this particular case, because
there isn't a precedent describing the topology for an IOMMU that
appears on the PCI bus.

> I think down the road for non dt platforms we want to put this
> info in the config space of the device. I do not think ACPI
> is the best option for this since not all systems have it.
> But that can wait.

There is the probe order problem - PCI needs this info before starting
to probe devices on the bus. Maybe we could store the info in a separate
memory region, that is referenced on the command-line and that the guest
can read early.

Thanks,
Jean
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 0/7] Add virtio-iommu driver
  2019-05-30 17:09 [PATCH v8 0/7] Add virtio-iommu driver Jean-Philippe Brucker
                   ` (6 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 7/7] iommu/virtio: Add event queue Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2019-06-13 15:54 ` Auger Eric
  7 siblings, 0 replies; 13+ messages in thread
From: Auger Eric @ 2019-06-13 15:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jean-Philippe Brucker, joro, mst
  Cc: virtio-dev, kevin.tian, Lorenzo.Pieralisi, frowand.list,
	devicetree, linux-pci, jasowang, virtualization, iommu, robh+dt,
	bhelgaas, robin.murphy, kvmarm, bauerman

Hi,

On 5/30/19 7:09 PM, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> Implement the virtio-iommu driver, following specification v0.12 [1].
> Since last version [2] we've worked on improving the specification,
> which resulted in the following changes to the interface:
> * Remove the EXEC flag.
> * Add feature bit for the MMIO flag.
> * Change domain_bits to domain_range.
> 
> Given that there were small changes to patch 5/7, I removed the review
> and test tags. Please find the code at [3].
> 
> [1] Virtio-iommu specification v0.12, sources and pdf
>     git://linux-arm.org/virtio-iommu.git virtio-iommu/v0.12
>     http://jpbrucker.net/virtio-iommu/spec/v0.12/virtio-iommu-v0.12.pdf
>     http://jpbrucker.net/virtio-iommu/spec/diffs/virtio-iommu-dev-diff-v0.11-v0.12.pdf
> 
> [2] [PATCH v7 0/7] Add virtio-iommu driver
>     https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pci/0ba215f5-e856-bf31-8dd9-a85710714a7a@arm.com/T/
> 
> [3] git://linux-arm.org/linux-jpb.git virtio-iommu/v0.12
>     git://linux-arm.org/kvmtool-jpb.git virtio-iommu/v0.12

SERIES
Tested-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com>

with QEMU branch:
https://github.com/eauger/qemu/tree/v4.0-virtio-iommu-v0.12

and kernel branch:
https://github.com/eauger/linux/tree/virtio-iommu-v0.12
(where I just added the rebased iort patches on top of Jean-Philippe's
virtio-iommu/v0.12 branch). So I also tested the ACPI boot.

I will formally submit the QEMU series ASAP.

Thanks

Eric

> 
> Jean-Philippe Brucker (7):
>   dt-bindings: virtio-mmio: Add IOMMU description
>   dt-bindings: virtio: Add virtio-pci-iommu node
>   of: Allow the iommu-map property to omit untranslated devices
>   PCI: OF: Initialize dev->fwnode appropriately
>   iommu: Add virtio-iommu driver
>   iommu/virtio: Add probe request
>   iommu/virtio: Add event queue
> 
>  .../devicetree/bindings/virtio/iommu.txt      |   66 +
>  .../devicetree/bindings/virtio/mmio.txt       |   30 +
>  MAINTAINERS                                   |    7 +
>  drivers/iommu/Kconfig                         |   11 +
>  drivers/iommu/Makefile                        |    1 +
>  drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c                  | 1176 +++++++++++++++++
>  drivers/of/base.c                             |   10 +-
>  drivers/pci/of.c                              |    6 +
>  include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h               |    1 +
>  include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h             |  165 +++
>  10 files changed, 1470 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/virtio/iommu.txt
>  create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c
>  create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h
> 
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v8 5/7] iommu: Add virtio-iommu driver
  2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 5/7] iommu: Add virtio-iommu driver Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2019-06-14  7:33   ` Auger Eric
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 13+ messages in thread
From: Auger Eric @ 2019-06-14  7:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jean-Philippe Brucker, joro, mst
  Cc: virtio-dev, kevin.tian, Lorenzo.Pieralisi, frowand.list,
	devicetree, linux-pci, jasowang, virtualization, iommu, robh+dt,
	bhelgaas, robin.murphy, kvmarm, bauerman

Hi jean,

On 5/30/19 7:09 PM, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> The virtio IOMMU is a para-virtualized device, allowing to send IOMMU
> requests such as map/unmap over virtio transport without emulating page
> tables. This implementation handles ATTACH, DETACH, MAP and UNMAP
> requests.
> 
> The bulk of the code transforms calls coming from the IOMMU API into
> corresponding virtio requests. Mappings are kept in an interval tree
> instead of page tables. A little more work is required for modular and x86
> support, so for the moment the driver depends on CONFIG_VIRTIO=y and
> CONFIG_ARM64.
> 
> Acked-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
> Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com>

Thanks

Eric

> ---
>  MAINTAINERS                       |   7 +
>  drivers/iommu/Kconfig             |  11 +
>  drivers/iommu/Makefile            |   1 +
>  drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c      | 934 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h   |   1 +
>  include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h | 110 ++++
>  6 files changed, 1064 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c
>  create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h
> 
> diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
> index 429c6c624861..62bd1834d95a 100644
> --- a/MAINTAINERS
> +++ b/MAINTAINERS
> @@ -16807,6 +16807,13 @@ S:	Maintained
>  F:	drivers/virtio/virtio_input.c
>  F:	include/uapi/linux/virtio_input.h
>  
> +VIRTIO IOMMU DRIVER
> +M:	Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
> +L:	virtualization@lists.linux-foundation.org
> +S:	Maintained
> +F:	drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c
> +F:	include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h
> +
>  VIRTUAL BOX GUEST DEVICE DRIVER
>  M:	Hans de Goede <hdegoede@redhat.com>
>  M:	Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> index 83664db5221d..e15cdcd8cb3c 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> @@ -473,4 +473,15 @@ config HYPERV_IOMMU
>  	  Stub IOMMU driver to handle IRQs as to allow Hyper-V Linux
>  	  guests to run with x2APIC mode enabled.
>  
> +config VIRTIO_IOMMU
> +	bool "Virtio IOMMU driver"
> +	depends on VIRTIO=y
> +	depends on ARM64
> +	select IOMMU_API
> +	select INTERVAL_TREE
> +	help
> +	  Para-virtualised IOMMU driver with virtio.
> +
> +	  Say Y here if you intend to run this kernel as a guest.
> +
>  endif # IOMMU_SUPPORT
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Makefile b/drivers/iommu/Makefile
> index 8c71a15e986b..f13f36ae1af6 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/Makefile
> @@ -33,3 +33,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_FSL_PAMU) += fsl_pamu.o fsl_pamu_domain.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_S390_IOMMU) += s390-iommu.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_QCOM_IOMMU) += qcom_iommu.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_HYPERV_IOMMU) += hyperv-iommu.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_IOMMU) += virtio-iommu.o
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..b2719a87c3c5
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/virtio-iommu.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,934 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * Virtio driver for the paravirtualized IOMMU
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2019 Arm Limited
> + */
> +
> +#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
> +
> +#include <linux/amba/bus.h>
> +#include <linux/delay.h>
> +#include <linux/dma-iommu.h>
> +#include <linux/freezer.h>
> +#include <linux/interval_tree.h>
> +#include <linux/iommu.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/of_iommu.h>
> +#include <linux/of_platform.h>
> +#include <linux/pci.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +#include <linux/virtio.h>
> +#include <linux/virtio_config.h>
> +#include <linux/virtio_ids.h>
> +#include <linux/wait.h>
> +
> +#include <uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h>
> +
> +#define MSI_IOVA_BASE			0x8000000
> +#define MSI_IOVA_LENGTH			0x100000
> +
> +#define VIOMMU_REQUEST_VQ		0
> +#define VIOMMU_NR_VQS			1
> +
> +struct viommu_dev {
> +	struct iommu_device		iommu;
> +	struct device			*dev;
> +	struct virtio_device		*vdev;
> +
> +	struct ida			domain_ids;
> +
> +	struct virtqueue		*vqs[VIOMMU_NR_VQS];
> +	spinlock_t			request_lock;
> +	struct list_head		requests;
> +
> +	/* Device configuration */
> +	struct iommu_domain_geometry	geometry;
> +	u64				pgsize_bitmap;
> +	u32				first_domain;
> +	u32				last_domain;
> +	/* Supported MAP flags */
> +	u32				map_flags;
> +};
> +
> +struct viommu_mapping {
> +	phys_addr_t			paddr;
> +	struct interval_tree_node	iova;
> +	u32				flags;
> +};
> +
> +struct viommu_domain {
> +	struct iommu_domain		domain;
> +	struct viommu_dev		*viommu;
> +	struct mutex			mutex; /* protects viommu pointer */
> +	unsigned int			id;
> +	u32				map_flags;
> +
> +	spinlock_t			mappings_lock;
> +	struct rb_root_cached		mappings;
> +
> +	unsigned long			nr_endpoints;
> +};
> +
> +struct viommu_endpoint {
> +	struct viommu_dev		*viommu;
> +	struct viommu_domain		*vdomain;
> +};
> +
> +struct viommu_request {
> +	struct list_head		list;
> +	void				*writeback;
> +	unsigned int			write_offset;
> +	unsigned int			len;
> +	char				buf[];
> +};
> +
> +#define to_viommu_domain(domain)	\
> +	container_of(domain, struct viommu_domain, domain)
> +
> +static int viommu_get_req_errno(void *buf, size_t len)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_iommu_req_tail *tail = buf + len - sizeof(*tail);
> +
> +	switch (tail->status) {
> +	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_OK:
> +		return 0;
> +	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_UNSUPP:
> +		return -ENOSYS;
> +	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_INVAL:
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_RANGE:
> +		return -ERANGE;
> +	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_NOENT:
> +		return -ENOENT;
> +	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_FAULT:
> +		return -EFAULT;
> +	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_NOMEM:
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_IOERR:
> +	case VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_DEVERR:
> +	default:
> +		return -EIO;
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +static void viommu_set_req_status(void *buf, size_t len, int status)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_iommu_req_tail *tail = buf + len - sizeof(*tail);
> +
> +	tail->status = status;
> +}
> +
> +static off_t viommu_get_write_desc_offset(struct viommu_dev *viommu,
> +					  struct virtio_iommu_req_head *req,
> +					  size_t len)
> +{
> +	size_t tail_size = sizeof(struct virtio_iommu_req_tail);
> +
> +	return len - tail_size;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * __viommu_sync_req - Complete all in-flight requests
> + *
> + * Wait for all added requests to complete. When this function returns, all
> + * requests that were in-flight at the time of the call have completed.
> + */
> +static int __viommu_sync_req(struct viommu_dev *viommu)
> +{
> +	int ret = 0;
> +	unsigned int len;
> +	size_t write_len;
> +	struct viommu_request *req;
> +	struct virtqueue *vq = viommu->vqs[VIOMMU_REQUEST_VQ];
> +
> +	assert_spin_locked(&viommu->request_lock);
> +
> +	virtqueue_kick(vq);
> +
> +	while (!list_empty(&viommu->requests)) {
> +		len = 0;
> +		req = virtqueue_get_buf(vq, &len);
> +		if (!req)
> +			continue;
> +
> +		if (!len)
> +			viommu_set_req_status(req->buf, req->len,
> +					      VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_IOERR);
> +
> +		write_len = req->len - req->write_offset;
> +		if (req->writeback && len == write_len)
> +			memcpy(req->writeback, req->buf + req->write_offset,
> +			       write_len);
> +
> +		list_del(&req->list);
> +		kfree(req);
> +	}
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int viommu_sync_req(struct viommu_dev *viommu)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&viommu->request_lock, flags);
> +	ret = __viommu_sync_req(viommu);
> +	if (ret)
> +		dev_dbg(viommu->dev, "could not sync requests (%d)\n", ret);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&viommu->request_lock, flags);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * __viommu_add_request - Add one request to the queue
> + * @buf: pointer to the request buffer
> + * @len: length of the request buffer
> + * @writeback: copy data back to the buffer when the request completes.
> + *
> + * Add a request to the queue. Only synchronize the queue if it's already full.
> + * Otherwise don't kick the queue nor wait for requests to complete.
> + *
> + * When @writeback is true, data written by the device, including the request
> + * status, is copied into @buf after the request completes. This is unsafe if
> + * the caller allocates @buf on stack and drops the lock between add_req() and
> + * sync_req().
> + *
> + * Return 0 if the request was successfully added to the queue.
> + */
> +static int __viommu_add_req(struct viommu_dev *viommu, void *buf, size_t len,
> +			    bool writeback)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +	off_t write_offset;
> +	struct viommu_request *req;
> +	struct scatterlist top_sg, bottom_sg;
> +	struct scatterlist *sg[2] = { &top_sg, &bottom_sg };
> +	struct virtqueue *vq = viommu->vqs[VIOMMU_REQUEST_VQ];
> +
> +	assert_spin_locked(&viommu->request_lock);
> +
> +	write_offset = viommu_get_write_desc_offset(viommu, buf, len);
> +	if (write_offset <= 0)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	req = kzalloc(sizeof(*req) + len, GFP_ATOMIC);
> +	if (!req)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	req->len = len;
> +	if (writeback) {
> +		req->writeback = buf + write_offset;
> +		req->write_offset = write_offset;
> +	}
> +	memcpy(&req->buf, buf, write_offset);
> +
> +	sg_init_one(&top_sg, req->buf, write_offset);
> +	sg_init_one(&bottom_sg, req->buf + write_offset, len - write_offset);
> +
> +	ret = virtqueue_add_sgs(vq, sg, 1, 1, req, GFP_ATOMIC);
> +	if (ret == -ENOSPC) {
> +		/* If the queue is full, sync and retry */
> +		if (!__viommu_sync_req(viommu))
> +			ret = virtqueue_add_sgs(vq, sg, 1, 1, req, GFP_ATOMIC);
> +	}
> +	if (ret)
> +		goto err_free;
> +
> +	list_add_tail(&req->list, &viommu->requests);
> +	return 0;
> +
> +err_free:
> +	kfree(req);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int viommu_add_req(struct viommu_dev *viommu, void *buf, size_t len)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&viommu->request_lock, flags);
> +	ret = __viommu_add_req(viommu, buf, len, false);
> +	if (ret)
> +		dev_dbg(viommu->dev, "could not add request: %d\n", ret);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&viommu->request_lock, flags);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Send a request and wait for it to complete. Return the request status (as an
> + * errno)
> + */
> +static int viommu_send_req_sync(struct viommu_dev *viommu, void *buf,
> +				size_t len)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&viommu->request_lock, flags);
> +
> +	ret = __viommu_add_req(viommu, buf, len, true);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		dev_dbg(viommu->dev, "could not add request (%d)\n", ret);
> +		goto out_unlock;
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = __viommu_sync_req(viommu);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		dev_dbg(viommu->dev, "could not sync requests (%d)\n", ret);
> +		/* Fall-through (get the actual request status) */
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = viommu_get_req_errno(buf, len);
> +out_unlock:
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&viommu->request_lock, flags);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * viommu_add_mapping - add a mapping to the internal tree
> + *
> + * On success, return the new mapping. Otherwise return NULL.
> + */
> +static int viommu_add_mapping(struct viommu_domain *vdomain, unsigned long iova,
> +			      phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size, u32 flags)
> +{
> +	unsigned long irqflags;
> +	struct viommu_mapping *mapping;
> +
> +	mapping = kzalloc(sizeof(*mapping), GFP_ATOMIC);
> +	if (!mapping)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	mapping->paddr		= paddr;
> +	mapping->iova.start	= iova;
> +	mapping->iova.last	= iova + size - 1;
> +	mapping->flags		= flags;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&vdomain->mappings_lock, irqflags);
> +	interval_tree_insert(&mapping->iova, &vdomain->mappings);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vdomain->mappings_lock, irqflags);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * viommu_del_mappings - remove mappings from the internal tree
> + *
> + * @vdomain: the domain
> + * @iova: start of the range
> + * @size: size of the range. A size of 0 corresponds to the entire address
> + *	space.
> + *
> + * On success, returns the number of unmapped bytes (>= size)
> + */
> +static size_t viommu_del_mappings(struct viommu_domain *vdomain,
> +				  unsigned long iova, size_t size)
> +{
> +	size_t unmapped = 0;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +	unsigned long last = iova + size - 1;
> +	struct viommu_mapping *mapping = NULL;
> +	struct interval_tree_node *node, *next;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&vdomain->mappings_lock, flags);
> +	next = interval_tree_iter_first(&vdomain->mappings, iova, last);
> +	while (next) {
> +		node = next;
> +		mapping = container_of(node, struct viommu_mapping, iova);
> +		next = interval_tree_iter_next(node, iova, last);
> +
> +		/* Trying to split a mapping? */
> +		if (mapping->iova.start < iova)
> +			break;
> +
> +		/*
> +		 * Virtio-iommu doesn't allow UNMAP to split a mapping created
> +		 * with a single MAP request, so remove the full mapping.
> +		 */
> +		unmapped += mapping->iova.last - mapping->iova.start + 1;
> +
> +		interval_tree_remove(node, &vdomain->mappings);
> +		kfree(mapping);
> +	}
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vdomain->mappings_lock, flags);
> +
> +	return unmapped;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * viommu_replay_mappings - re-send MAP requests
> + *
> + * When reattaching a domain that was previously detached from all endpoints,
> + * mappings were deleted from the device. Re-create the mappings available in
> + * the internal tree.
> + */
> +static int viommu_replay_mappings(struct viommu_domain *vdomain)
> +{
> +	int ret = 0;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +	struct viommu_mapping *mapping;
> +	struct interval_tree_node *node;
> +	struct virtio_iommu_req_map map;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&vdomain->mappings_lock, flags);
> +	node = interval_tree_iter_first(&vdomain->mappings, 0, -1UL);
> +	while (node) {
> +		mapping = container_of(node, struct viommu_mapping, iova);
> +		map = (struct virtio_iommu_req_map) {
> +			.head.type	= VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_MAP,
> +			.domain		= cpu_to_le32(vdomain->id),
> +			.virt_start	= cpu_to_le64(mapping->iova.start),
> +			.virt_end	= cpu_to_le64(mapping->iova.last),
> +			.phys_start	= cpu_to_le64(mapping->paddr),
> +			.flags		= cpu_to_le32(mapping->flags),
> +		};
> +
> +		ret = viommu_send_req_sync(vdomain->viommu, &map, sizeof(map));
> +		if (ret)
> +			break;
> +
> +		node = interval_tree_iter_next(node, 0, -1UL);
> +	}
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vdomain->mappings_lock, flags);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/* IOMMU API */
> +
> +static struct iommu_domain *viommu_domain_alloc(unsigned type)
> +{
> +	struct viommu_domain *vdomain;
> +
> +	if (type != IOMMU_DOMAIN_UNMANAGED && type != IOMMU_DOMAIN_DMA)
> +		return NULL;
> +
> +	vdomain = kzalloc(sizeof(*vdomain), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!vdomain)
> +		return NULL;
> +
> +	mutex_init(&vdomain->mutex);
> +	spin_lock_init(&vdomain->mappings_lock);
> +	vdomain->mappings = RB_ROOT_CACHED;
> +
> +	if (type == IOMMU_DOMAIN_DMA &&
> +	    iommu_get_dma_cookie(&vdomain->domain)) {
> +		kfree(vdomain);
> +		return NULL;
> +	}
> +
> +	return &vdomain->domain;
> +}
> +
> +static int viommu_domain_finalise(struct viommu_dev *viommu,
> +				  struct iommu_domain *domain)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +	struct viommu_domain *vdomain = to_viommu_domain(domain);
> +
> +	vdomain->viommu		= viommu;
> +	vdomain->map_flags	= viommu->map_flags;
> +
> +	domain->pgsize_bitmap	= viommu->pgsize_bitmap;
> +	domain->geometry	= viommu->geometry;
> +
> +	ret = ida_alloc_range(&viommu->domain_ids, viommu->first_domain,
> +			      viommu->last_domain, GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (ret >= 0)
> +		vdomain->id = (unsigned int)ret;
> +
> +	return ret > 0 ? 0 : ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void viommu_domain_free(struct iommu_domain *domain)
> +{
> +	struct viommu_domain *vdomain = to_viommu_domain(domain);
> +
> +	iommu_put_dma_cookie(domain);
> +
> +	/* Free all remaining mappings (size 2^64) */
> +	viommu_del_mappings(vdomain, 0, 0);
> +
> +	if (vdomain->viommu)
> +		ida_free(&vdomain->viommu->domain_ids, vdomain->id);
> +
> +	kfree(vdomain);
> +}
> +
> +static int viommu_attach_dev(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct device *dev)
> +{
> +	int i;
> +	int ret = 0;
> +	struct virtio_iommu_req_attach req;
> +	struct iommu_fwspec *fwspec = dev_iommu_fwspec_get(dev);
> +	struct viommu_endpoint *vdev = fwspec->iommu_priv;
> +	struct viommu_domain *vdomain = to_viommu_domain(domain);
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&vdomain->mutex);
> +	if (!vdomain->viommu) {
> +		/*
> +		 * Properly initialize the domain now that we know which viommu
> +		 * owns it.
> +		 */
> +		ret = viommu_domain_finalise(vdev->viommu, domain);
> +	} else if (vdomain->viommu != vdev->viommu) {
> +		dev_err(dev, "cannot attach to foreign vIOMMU\n");
> +		ret = -EXDEV;
> +	}
> +	mutex_unlock(&vdomain->mutex);
> +
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * In the virtio-iommu device, when attaching the endpoint to a new
> +	 * domain, it is detached from the old one and, if as as a result the
> +	 * old domain isn't attached to any endpoint, all mappings are removed
> +	 * from the old domain and it is freed.
> +	 *
> +	 * In the driver the old domain still exists, and its mappings will be
> +	 * recreated if it gets reattached to an endpoint. Otherwise it will be
> +	 * freed explicitly.
> +	 *
> +	 * vdev->vdomain is protected by group->mutex
> +	 */
> +	if (vdev->vdomain)
> +		vdev->vdomain->nr_endpoints--;
> +
> +	req = (struct virtio_iommu_req_attach) {
> +		.head.type	= VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_ATTACH,
> +		.domain		= cpu_to_le32(vdomain->id),
> +	};
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < fwspec->num_ids; i++) {
> +		req.endpoint = cpu_to_le32(fwspec->ids[i]);
> +
> +		ret = viommu_send_req_sync(vdomain->viommu, &req, sizeof(req));
> +		if (ret)
> +			return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (!vdomain->nr_endpoints) {
> +		/*
> +		 * This endpoint is the first to be attached to the domain.
> +		 * Replay existing mappings (e.g. SW MSI).
> +		 */
> +		ret = viommu_replay_mappings(vdomain);
> +		if (ret)
> +			return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	vdomain->nr_endpoints++;
> +	vdev->vdomain = vdomain;
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int viommu_map(struct iommu_domain *domain, unsigned long iova,
> +		      phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size, int prot)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +	u32 flags;
> +	struct virtio_iommu_req_map map;
> +	struct viommu_domain *vdomain = to_viommu_domain(domain);
> +
> +	flags = (prot & IOMMU_READ ? VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_READ : 0) |
> +		(prot & IOMMU_WRITE ? VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_WRITE : 0) |
> +		(prot & IOMMU_MMIO ? VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_MMIO : 0);
> +
> +	if (flags & ~vdomain->map_flags)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	ret = viommu_add_mapping(vdomain, iova, paddr, size, flags);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	map = (struct virtio_iommu_req_map) {
> +		.head.type	= VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_MAP,
> +		.domain		= cpu_to_le32(vdomain->id),
> +		.virt_start	= cpu_to_le64(iova),
> +		.phys_start	= cpu_to_le64(paddr),
> +		.virt_end	= cpu_to_le64(iova + size - 1),
> +		.flags		= cpu_to_le32(flags),
> +	};
> +
> +	if (!vdomain->nr_endpoints)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	ret = viommu_send_req_sync(vdomain->viommu, &map, sizeof(map));
> +	if (ret)
> +		viommu_del_mappings(vdomain, iova, size);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static size_t viommu_unmap(struct iommu_domain *domain, unsigned long iova,
> +			   size_t size)
> +{
> +	int ret = 0;
> +	size_t unmapped;
> +	struct virtio_iommu_req_unmap unmap;
> +	struct viommu_domain *vdomain = to_viommu_domain(domain);
> +
> +	unmapped = viommu_del_mappings(vdomain, iova, size);
> +	if (unmapped < size)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	/* Device already removed all mappings after detach. */
> +	if (!vdomain->nr_endpoints)
> +		return unmapped;
> +
> +	unmap = (struct virtio_iommu_req_unmap) {
> +		.head.type	= VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_UNMAP,
> +		.domain		= cpu_to_le32(vdomain->id),
> +		.virt_start	= cpu_to_le64(iova),
> +		.virt_end	= cpu_to_le64(iova + unmapped - 1),
> +	};
> +
> +	ret = viommu_add_req(vdomain->viommu, &unmap, sizeof(unmap));
> +	return ret ? 0 : unmapped;
> +}
> +
> +static phys_addr_t viommu_iova_to_phys(struct iommu_domain *domain,
> +				       dma_addr_t iova)
> +{
> +	u64 paddr = 0;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +	struct viommu_mapping *mapping;
> +	struct interval_tree_node *node;
> +	struct viommu_domain *vdomain = to_viommu_domain(domain);
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&vdomain->mappings_lock, flags);
> +	node = interval_tree_iter_first(&vdomain->mappings, iova, iova);
> +	if (node) {
> +		mapping = container_of(node, struct viommu_mapping, iova);
> +		paddr = mapping->paddr + (iova - mapping->iova.start);
> +	}
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vdomain->mappings_lock, flags);
> +
> +	return paddr;
> +}
> +
> +static void viommu_iotlb_sync(struct iommu_domain *domain)
> +{
> +	struct viommu_domain *vdomain = to_viommu_domain(domain);
> +
> +	viommu_sync_req(vdomain->viommu);
> +}
> +
> +static void viommu_get_resv_regions(struct device *dev, struct list_head *head)
> +{
> +	struct iommu_resv_region *region;
> +	int prot = IOMMU_WRITE | IOMMU_NOEXEC | IOMMU_MMIO;
> +
> +	region = iommu_alloc_resv_region(MSI_IOVA_BASE, MSI_IOVA_LENGTH, prot,
> +					 IOMMU_RESV_SW_MSI);
> +	if (!region)
> +		return;
> +
> +	list_add_tail(&region->list, head);
> +	iommu_dma_get_resv_regions(dev, head);
> +}
> +
> +static void viommu_put_resv_regions(struct device *dev, struct list_head *head)
> +{
> +	struct iommu_resv_region *entry, *next;
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry_safe(entry, next, head, list)
> +		kfree(entry);
> +}
> +
> +static struct iommu_ops viommu_ops;
> +static struct virtio_driver virtio_iommu_drv;
> +
> +static int viommu_match_node(struct device *dev, void *data)
> +{
> +	return dev->parent->fwnode == data;
> +}
> +
> +static struct viommu_dev *viommu_get_by_fwnode(struct fwnode_handle *fwnode)
> +{
> +	struct device *dev = driver_find_device(&virtio_iommu_drv.driver, NULL,
> +						fwnode, viommu_match_node);
> +	put_device(dev);
> +
> +	return dev ? dev_to_virtio(dev)->priv : NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static int viommu_add_device(struct device *dev)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +	struct iommu_group *group;
> +	struct viommu_endpoint *vdev;
> +	struct viommu_dev *viommu = NULL;
> +	struct iommu_fwspec *fwspec = dev_iommu_fwspec_get(dev);
> +
> +	if (!fwspec || fwspec->ops != &viommu_ops)
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
> +	viommu = viommu_get_by_fwnode(fwspec->iommu_fwnode);
> +	if (!viommu)
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
> +	vdev = kzalloc(sizeof(*vdev), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!vdev)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	vdev->viommu = viommu;
> +	fwspec->iommu_priv = vdev;
> +
> +	ret = iommu_device_link(&viommu->iommu, dev);
> +	if (ret)
> +		goto err_free_dev;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Last step creates a default domain and attaches to it. Everything
> +	 * must be ready.
> +	 */
> +	group = iommu_group_get_for_dev(dev);
> +	if (IS_ERR(group)) {
> +		ret = PTR_ERR(group);
> +		goto err_unlink_dev;
> +	}
> +
> +	iommu_group_put(group);
> +
> +	return PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(group);
> +
> +err_unlink_dev:
> +	iommu_device_unlink(&viommu->iommu, dev);
> +err_free_dev:
> +	kfree(vdev);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void viommu_remove_device(struct device *dev)
> +{
> +	struct viommu_endpoint *vdev;
> +	struct iommu_fwspec *fwspec = dev_iommu_fwspec_get(dev);
> +
> +	if (!fwspec || fwspec->ops != &viommu_ops)
> +		return;
> +
> +	vdev = fwspec->iommu_priv;
> +
> +	iommu_group_remove_device(dev);
> +	iommu_device_unlink(&vdev->viommu->iommu, dev);
> +	kfree(vdev);
> +}
> +
> +static struct iommu_group *viommu_device_group(struct device *dev)
> +{
> +	if (dev_is_pci(dev))
> +		return pci_device_group(dev);
> +	else
> +		return generic_device_group(dev);
> +}
> +
> +static int viommu_of_xlate(struct device *dev, struct of_phandle_args *args)
> +{
> +	return iommu_fwspec_add_ids(dev, args->args, 1);
> +}
> +
> +static struct iommu_ops viommu_ops = {
> +	.domain_alloc		= viommu_domain_alloc,
> +	.domain_free		= viommu_domain_free,
> +	.attach_dev		= viommu_attach_dev,
> +	.map			= viommu_map,
> +	.unmap			= viommu_unmap,
> +	.iova_to_phys		= viommu_iova_to_phys,
> +	.iotlb_sync		= viommu_iotlb_sync,
> +	.add_device		= viommu_add_device,
> +	.remove_device		= viommu_remove_device,
> +	.device_group		= viommu_device_group,
> +	.get_resv_regions	= viommu_get_resv_regions,
> +	.put_resv_regions	= viommu_put_resv_regions,
> +	.of_xlate		= viommu_of_xlate,
> +};
> +
> +static int viommu_init_vqs(struct viommu_dev *viommu)
> +{
> +	struct virtio_device *vdev = dev_to_virtio(viommu->dev);
> +	const char *name = "request";
> +	void *ret;
> +
> +	ret = virtio_find_single_vq(vdev, NULL, name);
> +	if (IS_ERR(ret)) {
> +		dev_err(viommu->dev, "cannot find VQ\n");
> +		return PTR_ERR(ret);
> +	}
> +
> +	viommu->vqs[VIOMMU_REQUEST_VQ] = ret;
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int viommu_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> +{
> +	struct device *parent_dev = vdev->dev.parent;
> +	struct viommu_dev *viommu = NULL;
> +	struct device *dev = &vdev->dev;
> +	u64 input_start = 0;
> +	u64 input_end = -1UL;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	if (!virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_F_VERSION_1) ||
> +	    !virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_MAP_UNMAP))
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
> +	viommu = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*viommu), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!viommu)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	spin_lock_init(&viommu->request_lock);
> +	ida_init(&viommu->domain_ids);
> +	viommu->dev = dev;
> +	viommu->vdev = vdev;
> +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&viommu->requests);
> +
> +	ret = viommu_init_vqs(viommu);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	virtio_cread(vdev, struct virtio_iommu_config, page_size_mask,
> +		     &viommu->pgsize_bitmap);
> +
> +	if (!viommu->pgsize_bitmap) {
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +		goto err_free_vqs;
> +	}
> +
> +	viommu->map_flags = VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_READ | VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_WRITE;
> +	viommu->last_domain = ~0U;
> +
> +	/* Optional features */
> +	virtio_cread_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_INPUT_RANGE,
> +			     struct virtio_iommu_config, input_range.start,
> +			     &input_start);
> +
> +	virtio_cread_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_INPUT_RANGE,
> +			     struct virtio_iommu_config, input_range.end,
> +			     &input_end);
> +
> +	virtio_cread_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_DOMAIN_RANGE,
> +			     struct virtio_iommu_config, domain_range.start,
> +			     &viommu->first_domain);
> +
> +	virtio_cread_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_DOMAIN_RANGE,
> +			     struct virtio_iommu_config, domain_range.end,
> +			     &viommu->last_domain);
> +
> +	viommu->geometry = (struct iommu_domain_geometry) {
> +		.aperture_start	= input_start,
> +		.aperture_end	= input_end,
> +		.force_aperture	= true,
> +	};
> +
> +	if (virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_MMIO))
> +		viommu->map_flags |= VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_MMIO;
> +
> +	viommu_ops.pgsize_bitmap = viommu->pgsize_bitmap;
> +
> +	virtio_device_ready(vdev);
> +
> +	ret = iommu_device_sysfs_add(&viommu->iommu, dev, NULL, "%s",
> +				     virtio_bus_name(vdev));
> +	if (ret)
> +		goto err_free_vqs;
> +
> +	iommu_device_set_ops(&viommu->iommu, &viommu_ops);
> +	iommu_device_set_fwnode(&viommu->iommu, parent_dev->fwnode);
> +
> +	iommu_device_register(&viommu->iommu);
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PCI
> +	if (pci_bus_type.iommu_ops != &viommu_ops) {
> +		pci_request_acs();
> +		ret = bus_set_iommu(&pci_bus_type, &viommu_ops);
> +		if (ret)
> +			goto err_unregister;
> +	}
> +#endif
> +#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_AMBA
> +	if (amba_bustype.iommu_ops != &viommu_ops) {
> +		ret = bus_set_iommu(&amba_bustype, &viommu_ops);
> +		if (ret)
> +			goto err_unregister;
> +	}
> +#endif
> +	if (platform_bus_type.iommu_ops != &viommu_ops) {
> +		ret = bus_set_iommu(&platform_bus_type, &viommu_ops);
> +		if (ret)
> +			goto err_unregister;
> +	}
> +
> +	vdev->priv = viommu;
> +
> +	dev_info(dev, "input address: %u bits\n",
> +		 order_base_2(viommu->geometry.aperture_end));
> +	dev_info(dev, "page mask: %#llx\n", viommu->pgsize_bitmap);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +
> +err_unregister:
> +	iommu_device_sysfs_remove(&viommu->iommu);
> +	iommu_device_unregister(&viommu->iommu);
> +err_free_vqs:
> +	vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void viommu_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> +{
> +	struct viommu_dev *viommu = vdev->priv;
> +
> +	iommu_device_sysfs_remove(&viommu->iommu);
> +	iommu_device_unregister(&viommu->iommu);
> +
> +	/* Stop all virtqueues */
> +	vdev->config->reset(vdev);
> +	vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);
> +
> +	dev_info(&vdev->dev, "device removed\n");
> +}
> +
> +static void viommu_config_changed(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> +{
> +	dev_warn(&vdev->dev, "config changed\n");
> +}
> +
> +static unsigned int features[] = {
> +	VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_MAP_UNMAP,
> +	VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_INPUT_RANGE,
> +	VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_DOMAIN_RANGE,
> +	VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_MMIO,
> +};
> +
> +static struct virtio_device_id id_table[] = {
> +	{ VIRTIO_ID_IOMMU, VIRTIO_DEV_ANY_ID },
> +	{ 0 },
> +};
> +
> +static struct virtio_driver virtio_iommu_drv = {
> +	.driver.name		= KBUILD_MODNAME,
> +	.driver.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
> +	.id_table		= id_table,
> +	.feature_table		= features,
> +	.feature_table_size	= ARRAY_SIZE(features),
> +	.probe			= viommu_probe,
> +	.remove			= viommu_remove,
> +	.config_changed		= viommu_config_changed,
> +};
> +
> +module_virtio_driver(virtio_iommu_drv);
> +
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Virtio IOMMU driver");
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h
> index 6d5c3b2d4f4d..cfe47c5d9a56 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ids.h
> @@ -43,5 +43,6 @@
>  #define VIRTIO_ID_INPUT        18 /* virtio input */
>  #define VIRTIO_ID_VSOCK        19 /* virtio vsock transport */
>  #define VIRTIO_ID_CRYPTO       20 /* virtio crypto */
> +#define VIRTIO_ID_IOMMU        23 /* virtio IOMMU */
>  
>  #endif /* _LINUX_VIRTIO_IDS_H */
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..5da1818080de
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_iommu.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,110 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-3-Clause */
> +/*
> + * Virtio-iommu definition v0.12
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2019 Arm Ltd.
> + */
> +#ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_VIRTIO_IOMMU_H
> +#define _UAPI_LINUX_VIRTIO_IOMMU_H
> +
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +
> +/* Feature bits */
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_INPUT_RANGE		0
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_DOMAIN_RANGE		1
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_MAP_UNMAP		2
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_BYPASS			3
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_F_MMIO			5
> +
> +struct virtio_iommu_range_64 {
> +	__le64					start;
> +	__le64					end;
> +};
> +
> +struct virtio_iommu_range_32 {
> +	__le32					start;
> +	__le32					end;
> +};
> +
> +struct virtio_iommu_config {
> +	/* Supported page sizes */
> +	__le64					page_size_mask;
> +	/* Supported IOVA range */
> +	struct virtio_iommu_range_64		input_range;
> +	/* Max domain ID size */
> +	struct virtio_iommu_range_32		domain_range;
> +	/* Probe buffer size */
> +	__le32					probe_size;
> +};
> +
> +/* Request types */
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_ATTACH			0x01
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_DETACH			0x02
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_MAP			0x03
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_T_UNMAP			0x04
> +
> +/* Status types */
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_OK			0x00
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_IOERR			0x01
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_UNSUPP			0x02
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_DEVERR			0x03
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_INVAL			0x04
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_RANGE			0x05
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_NOENT			0x06
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_FAULT			0x07
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_S_NOMEM			0x08
> +
> +struct virtio_iommu_req_head {
> +	__u8					type;
> +	__u8					reserved[3];
> +};
> +
> +struct virtio_iommu_req_tail {
> +	__u8					status;
> +	__u8					reserved[3];
> +};
> +
> +struct virtio_iommu_req_attach {
> +	struct virtio_iommu_req_head		head;
> +	__le32					domain;
> +	__le32					endpoint;
> +	__u8					reserved[8];
> +	struct virtio_iommu_req_tail		tail;
> +};
> +
> +struct virtio_iommu_req_detach {
> +	struct virtio_iommu_req_head		head;
> +	__le32					domain;
> +	__le32					endpoint;
> +	__u8					reserved[8];
> +	struct virtio_iommu_req_tail		tail;
> +};
> +
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_READ			(1 << 0)
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_WRITE		(1 << 1)
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_MMIO			(1 << 2)
> +
> +#define VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_MASK			(VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_READ |	\
> +						 VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_WRITE |	\
> +						 VIRTIO_IOMMU_MAP_F_MMIO)
> +
> +struct virtio_iommu_req_map {
> +	struct virtio_iommu_req_head		head;
> +	__le32					domain;
> +	__le64					virt_start;
> +	__le64					virt_end;
> +	__le64					phys_start;
> +	__le32					flags;
> +	struct virtio_iommu_req_tail		tail;
> +};
> +
> +struct virtio_iommu_req_unmap {
> +	struct virtio_iommu_req_head		head;
> +	__le32					domain;
> +	__le64					virt_start;
> +	__le64					virt_end;
> +	__u8					reserved[4];
> +	struct virtio_iommu_req_tail		tail;
> +};
> +
> +#endif
> 
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

* Re: [virtio-dev] Re: [PATCH v8 2/7] dt-bindings: virtio: Add virtio-pci-iommu node
  2019-05-31 11:13     ` [virtio-dev] " Jean-Philippe Brucker
@ 2019-06-16 20:04       ` Michael S. Tsirkin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 13+ messages in thread
From: Michael S. Tsirkin @ 2019-06-16 20:04 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jean-Philippe Brucker
  Cc: virtio-dev, kevin.tian, Lorenzo Pieralisi, tnowicki,
	frowand.list, devicetree, linux-pci, joro, virtualization, iommu,
	robh+dt, kvmarm, bhelgaas, Robin Murphy, jasowang, bauerman

On Fri, May 31, 2019 at 12:13:47PM +0100, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> On 30/05/2019 18:45, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > On Thu, May 30, 2019 at 06:09:24PM +0100, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> >> Some systems implement virtio-iommu as a PCI endpoint. The operating
> >> system needs to discover the relationship between IOMMU and masters long
> >> before the PCI endpoint gets probed. Add a PCI child node to describe the
> >> virtio-iommu device.
> >>
> >> The virtio-pci-iommu is conceptually split between a PCI programming
> >> interface and a translation component on the parent bus. The latter
> >> doesn't have a node in the device tree. The virtio-pci-iommu node
> >> describes both, by linking the PCI endpoint to "iommus" property of DMA
> >> master nodes and to "iommu-map" properties of bus nodes.
> >>
> >> Reviewed-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
> >> Reviewed-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com>
> >> Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
> > 
> > So this is just an example right?
> > We are not defining any new properties or anything like that.
> 
> Yes it's just an example. The properties already exist but it's good to
> describe how to put them together for this particular case, because
> there isn't a precedent describing the topology for an IOMMU that
> appears on the PCI bus.
> 
> > I think down the road for non dt platforms we want to put this
> > info in the config space of the device. I do not think ACPI
> > is the best option for this since not all systems have it.
> > But that can wait.
> 
> There is the probe order problem - PCI needs this info before starting
> to probe devices on the bus.


This isn't all that special - it's pretty common for
IOMMUs to be pci devices. The solution is to have the device on
bus 0. For example, add it with

DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_EARLY
or
DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_CLASS_EARLY

in e.g.
arch/x86/kernel/quirks.c
or
drivers/pci/quirks.c

You can also use the configuration access capability
if there's need to access the device before its memory is
enabled.

> Maybe we could store the info in a separate
> memory region, that is referenced on the command-line and that the guest
> can read early.
> 
> Thanks,
> Jean

The point is to avoid command line hacks. Devices should be
self describing.

-- 
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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 13+ messages in thread

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Thread overview: 13+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-05-30 17:09 [PATCH v8 0/7] Add virtio-iommu driver Jean-Philippe Brucker
2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 1/7] dt-bindings: virtio-mmio: Add IOMMU description Jean-Philippe Brucker
2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 2/7] dt-bindings: virtio: Add virtio-pci-iommu node Jean-Philippe Brucker
2019-05-30 17:45   ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-05-31 11:13     ` [virtio-dev] " Jean-Philippe Brucker
2019-06-16 20:04       ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 3/7] of: Allow the iommu-map property to omit untranslated devices Jean-Philippe Brucker
2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 4/7] PCI: OF: Initialize dev->fwnode appropriately Jean-Philippe Brucker
2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 5/7] iommu: Add virtio-iommu driver Jean-Philippe Brucker
2019-06-14  7:33   ` Auger Eric
2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 6/7] iommu/virtio: Add probe request Jean-Philippe Brucker
2019-05-30 17:09 ` [PATCH v8 7/7] iommu/virtio: Add event queue Jean-Philippe Brucker
2019-06-13 15:54 ` [PATCH v8 0/7] Add virtio-iommu driver Auger Eric

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