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From: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>
To: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Cc: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com>,
	Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>,
	kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org, kvm@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 12/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Add EL2->EL1 translation helpers
Date: Mon, 17 Feb 2020 17:43:15 +0000
Message-ID: <97f6387adfec3b96182908f3d8f074ae@kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200217145630.GD47755@lakrids.cambridge.arm.com>

Hi Mark,

Congratulations, you will now be CC'd on all the subsequent postings
of this series! Yes, I'm that nice! ;-)

On 2020-02-17 14:56, Mark Rutland wrote:
> On Tue, Feb 11, 2020 at 05:48:16PM +0000, Marc Zyngier wrote:
>> Some EL2 system registers immediately affect the current execution
>> of the system, so we need to use their respective EL1 counterparts.
>> For this we need to define a mapping between the two.
>> 
>> These helpers will get used in subsequent patches.
>> 
>> Co-developed-by: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>
>> ---
>>  arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h |  6 ++++
>>  arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c            | 48 
>> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>  2 files changed, 54 insertions(+)
>> 
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h 
>> b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
>> index 282e9ddbe1bc..486978d0346b 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
>> @@ -58,6 +58,12 @@ void kvm_emulate_nested_eret(struct kvm_vcpu 
>> *vcpu);
>>  int kvm_inject_nested_sync(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 esr_el2);
>>  int kvm_inject_nested_irq(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
>> 
>> +u64 translate_tcr(u64 tcr);
>> +u64 translate_cptr(u64 tcr);
>> +u64 translate_sctlr(u64 tcr);
>> +u64 translate_ttbr0(u64 tcr);
>> +u64 translate_cnthctl(u64 tcr);
> 
> Sorry to bikeshed, but could we please make the direction of 
> translation
> explicit in the name? e.g. tcr_el2_to_tcr_el1(), or tcr_el2_to_el1()?

Sure, that's an easy one!

> 
>> +
>>  static inline bool vcpu_el1_is_32bit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>  {
>>  	return !(vcpu->arch.hcr_el2 & HCR_RW);
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
>> index 4b5310ea3bf8..634d3ee6799c 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
>> @@ -65,6 +65,54 @@ static bool write_to_read_only(struct kvm_vcpu 
>> *vcpu,
>>  	return false;
>>  }
>> 
>> +static u64 tcr_el2_ips_to_tcr_el1_ps(u64 tcr_el2)
>> +{
>> +	return ((tcr_el2 & TCR_EL2_PS_MASK) >> TCR_EL2_PS_SHIFT)
>> +		<< TCR_IPS_SHIFT;
>> +}
>> +
>> +u64 translate_tcr(u64 tcr)
>> +{
>> +	return TCR_EPD1_MASK |				/* disable TTBR1_EL1 */
>> +	       ((tcr & TCR_EL2_TBI) ? TCR_TBI0 : 0) |
>> +	       tcr_el2_ips_to_tcr_el1_ps(tcr) |
>> +	       (tcr & TCR_EL2_TG0_MASK) |
>> +	       (tcr & TCR_EL2_ORGN0_MASK) |
>> +	       (tcr & TCR_EL2_IRGN0_MASK) |
>> +	       (tcr & TCR_EL2_T0SZ_MASK);
>> +}
> 
> I'm guessing this is only meant to cover a !VHE guest EL2 for the
> moment, so only covers HCR_EL2.E2H=0? It might be worth mentioning in
> the commit message.

Indeed, all the "translate_*" function have a single purpose: converting
an !VHE EL2 layout into an EL1 layout.

> It looks like this is missing some bits (e.g. TBID, HPD, HD, HA) that
> could apply to the Guest-EL2 Stage-1. Maybe those are added by later
> patches, but that's not obvious to me at this point in the series.

ARMv8.3-PAUTH isn't supported, and ARMv8.1-TTHM cannot be supported at
Stage-2, so we don't support it at Stage-1 either (even if we 
technically
could). Maybe worth suggesting to the powers that be...

ARMv8.1-HPD is an oversight though, and we should be able to support it.

> 
>> +
>> +u64 translate_cptr(u64 cptr_el2)
>> +{
>> +	u64 cpacr_el1 = 0;
>> +
>> +	if (!(cptr_el2 & CPTR_EL2_TFP))
>> +		cpacr_el1 |= CPACR_EL1_FPEN;
>> +	if (cptr_el2 & CPTR_EL2_TTA)
>> +		cpacr_el1 |= CPACR_EL1_TTA;
>> +	if (!(cptr_el2 & CPTR_EL2_TZ))
>> +		cpacr_el1 |= CPACR_EL1_ZEN;
>> +
>> +	return cpacr_el1;
>> +}
> 
> Looking in ARM DDI 0487E.a I also see TCPAC and TAM; I guess we don't
> need to map those to anthing?

TCPAC allows us to trap CPACR_EL1, but we always have the physical
CPTR_EL2.TCPAC set in this case, so that bit doesn't need to translate
into anything.

TAM doesn't seem to translate into anything in CPACR_EL1, and I don't
plan to support the AMU any time soon with NV! ;-)

> 
>> +
>> +u64 translate_sctlr(u64 sctlr)
>> +{
>> +	/* Bit 20 is RES1 in SCTLR_EL1, but RES0 in SCTLR_EL2 */
>> +	return sctlr | BIT(20);
>> +}
> 
> Looking in ARM DDI 0487E.a section D13.2.105, bit 20 is TSCXT, so this
> might need to be reconsidered.

Huhuh, nice catch! We need to detect ARMv8.0-CSV2 here, and set the bit
accordingly.

> 
>> +
>> +u64 translate_ttbr0(u64 ttbr0)
>> +{
>> +	/* Force ASID to 0 (ASID 0 or RES0) */
>> +	return ttbr0 & ~GENMASK_ULL(63, 48);
>> +}
> 
> Again, I assume this is only meant to provide a !VHE EL2 as this 
> stands.

Indeed. I guess I need to write a better commit message to make this 
clear.

> 
>> +
>> +u64 translate_cnthctl(u64 cnthctl)
>> +{
>> +	return ((cnthctl & 0x3) << 10) | (cnthctl & 0xfc);
>> +}
> 
> I assume this yields CNTKCTL_EL1, but I don't entirely follow. For
> virtual-EL2 don't we have to force EL1P(C)TEN so that virtual-EL2
> accesses don't trap?

A non-VHE guest will use the _EL2 instructions to access its own timer,
which will trap. At the same time, we use the EL1 timer to implement
the vEL2 timer, meaning we also need to trap the EL1 timer. Yes, !VHE
looses on all fronts.

We could treat !VHE specially in the wap we map timers (complete 
emulation
for vEL2, and direct access for guest timers). But this seems pretty
complex for very little gain.

Thanks,

         M.
-- 
Jazz is not dead. It just smells funny...
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  reply index

Thread overview: 104+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-02-11 17:48 [PATCH v2 00/94] KVM: arm64: ARMv8.3/8.4 Nested Virtualization support Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 01/94] KVM: arm64: Move __load_guest_stage2 to kvm_mmu.h Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 02/94] arm64: Add ARM64_HAS_NESTED_VIRT cpufeature Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 03/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Introduce nested virtualization VCPU feature Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 04/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Reset VCPU to EL2 registers if VCPU nested virt is set Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 05/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Allow userspace to set PSR_MODE_EL2x Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 06/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Add EL2 system registers to vcpu context Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 07/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Reset VMPIDR_EL2 and VPIDR_EL2 to sane values Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 08/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Add nested virt VCPU primitives for vEL2 VCPU state Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 09/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Support virtual EL2 exceptions Marc Zyngier
2020-02-17 12:52   ` Mark Rutland
2020-02-17 13:41     ` Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 10/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Inject HVC exceptions to the virtual EL2 Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 11/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle trapped ERET from " Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 12/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Add EL2->EL1 translation helpers Marc Zyngier
2020-02-17 14:56   ` Mark Rutland
2020-02-17 17:43     ` Marc Zyngier [this message]
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 13/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Refactor vcpu_{read,write}_sys_reg Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 14/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle virtual EL2 registers in vcpu_read/write_sys_reg() Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 15/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle SPSR_EL2 specially Marc Zyngier
2020-02-17 15:04   ` Mark Rutland
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 16/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle HCR_EL2.E2H specially Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 17/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Save/Restore vEL2 sysregs Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 18/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Emulate PSTATE.M for a guest hypervisor Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 19/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Trap EL1 VM register accesses in virtual EL2 Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 20/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Trap SPSR_EL1, ELR_EL1 and VBAR_EL1 from " Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 21/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Trap CPACR_EL1 access in " Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 22/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle PSCI call via smc from the guest Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 23/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Respect virtual HCR_EL2.TWX setting Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 24/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Respect virtual CPTR_EL2.{TFP, FPEN} settings Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 25/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Respect the virtual HCR_EL2.NV bit setting Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 26/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Respect virtual HCR_EL2.TVM and TRVM settings Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 27/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Respect the virtual HCR_EL2.NV1 bit setting Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 28/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Emulate EL12 register accesses from the virtual EL2 Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 29/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Forward debug traps to the nested guest Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 30/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Configure HCR_EL2 for nested virtualization Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 31/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Only toggle cache for virtual EL2 when SCTLR_EL2 changes Marc Zyngier
2020-02-17 15:13   ` Mark Rutland
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 32/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Filter out unsupported features from ID regs Marc Zyngier
2020-02-17 15:17   ` Mark Rutland
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 33/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Hide RAS from nested guests Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 34/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Use ARMv8.5-GTG to advertise supported Stage-2 page sizes Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 35/94] KVM: arm64: Check advertised Stage-2 page size capability Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 36/94] KVM: arm/arm64: nv: Factor out stage 2 page table data from struct kvm Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 37/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Support multiple nested Stage-2 mmu structures Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 38/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Implement nested Stage-2 page table walk logic Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 39/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle shadow stage 2 page faults Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 40/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Unmap/flush shadow stage 2 page tables Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 41/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Move last_vcpu_ran to be per s2 mmu Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 42/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Introduce sys_reg_desc.forward_trap Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 43/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Set a handler for the system instruction traps Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 44/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Trap and emulate AT instructions from virtual EL2 Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 45/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Trap and emulate TLBI " Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 46/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Fold guest's HCR_EL2 configuration into the host's Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 47/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Handle traps for timer _EL02 and _EL2 sysregs accessors Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 48/94] KVM: arm64: nv: arch_timer: Support hyp timer emulation Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 49/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Propagate CNTVOFF_EL2 to the virtual EL1 timer Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 50/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Load timer before the GIC Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 51/94] KVM: arm64: nv: vgic-v3: Take cpu_if pointer directly instead of vcpu Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 52/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Nested GICv3 Support Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 53/94] KVM: arm64: nv: vgic: Emulate the HW bit in software Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 54/94] KVM: arm64: nv: vgic: Allow userland to set VGIC maintenance IRQ Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:48 ` [PATCH v2 55/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Implement maintenance interrupt forwarding Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 56/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Add nested GICv3 tracepoints Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 57/94] arm64: KVM: nv: Add handling of EL2-specific timer registers Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 58/94] arm64: KVM: nv: Honor SCTLR_EL2.SPAN on entering vEL2 Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 59/94] arm64: KVM: nv: Handle SCTLR_EL2 RES0/RES1 bits Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 60/94] arm64: KVM: nv: Restrict S2 RD/WR permissions to match the guest's Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 61/94] arm64: KVM: nv: Allow userspace to request KVM_ARM_VCPU_NESTED_VIRT Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 62/94] arm64: Detect the ARMv8.4 TTL feature Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 63/94] arm64: KVM: nv: Add handling of ARMv8.4-TTL TLB invalidation Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 64/94] arm64: KVM: nv: Invalidate TLBs based on shadow S2 TTL-like information Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 65/94] arm64: KVM: nv: Tag shadow S2 entries with nested level Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 66/94] arm64: Add SW reserved PTE/PMD bits Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 67/94] arm64: Add level-hinted TLB invalidation helper Marc Zyngier
2020-03-25 10:38   ` Zhenyu Ye
2020-03-25 11:28     ` Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 68/94] arm64: KVM: Add a level hint to __kvm_tlb_flush_vmid_ipa Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 69/94] arm64: KVM: Use TTL hint in when invalidating stage-2 translations Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 70/94] arm64: KVM: nv: Add include containing the VNCR_EL2 offsets Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 71/94] KVM: arm64: Introduce accessor for ctxt->sys_reg Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 72/94] KVM: arm64: sysreg: Use ctxt_sys_reg() instead of raw sys_regs access Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 73/94] KVM: arm64: sve: Use __vcpu_sys_reg() " Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 74/94] KVM: arm64: pauth: Use ctxt_sys_reg() " Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 75/94] KVM: arm64: debug: " Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 76/94] KVM: arm64: Add missing reset handlers for PMU emulation Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 77/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Move sysreg reset check to boot time Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 78/94] KVM: arm64: Map VNCR-capable registers to a separate page Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 79/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Move nested vgic state into the sysreg file Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 80/94] KVM: arm64: Use accessors for timer ctl/cval/offset Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 81/94] KVM: arm64: Add VNCR-capable timer accessors for arm64 Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 82/94] KVM: arm64: Make struct kvm_regs userspace-only Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 83/94] KVM: arm64: VNCR-ize ELR_EL1 Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 84/94] KVM: arm64: VNCR-ize SP_EL1 Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 85/94] KVM: arm64: Disintegrate SPSR array Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 86/94] KVM: arm64: aarch32: Use __vcpu_sys_reg() instead of raw sys_regs access Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 87/94] KVM: arm64: VNCR-ize SPSR_EL1 Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 88/94] KVM: arm64: Add ARMv8.4 Enhanced Nested Virt cpufeature Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 89/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Synchronize PSTATE early on exit Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 90/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Sync nested timer state with ARMv8.4 Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 91/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Allocate VNCR page when required Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 92/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Enable ARMv8.4-NV support Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 93/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Fast-track 'InHost' exception returns Marc Zyngier
2020-02-11 17:49 ` [PATCH v2 94/94] KVM: arm64: nv: Fast-track EL1 TLBIs for VHE guests Marc Zyngier

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