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From: Sakari Ailus <sakari.ailus@linux.intel.com>
To: linux-i2c@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Wolfram Sang <wsa@the-dreams.de>,
	"Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org>,
	linux-acpi@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	rajmohan.mani@intel.com, Tomasz Figa <tfiga@chromium.org>,
	Bartosz Golaszewski <bgolaszewski@baylibre.com>,
	Bingbu Cao <bingbu.cao@intel.com>,
	Chiranjeevi Rapolu <chiranjeevi.rapolu@intel.com>,
	Hyungwoo Yang <hyungwoo.yang@intel.com>,
	linux-media@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v11 3/7] Documentation: ACPI: Document _DSE object usage for enum power state
Date: Thu, 11 Feb 2021 01:07:56 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210210230800.30291-4-sakari.ailus@linux.intel.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210210230800.30291-1-sakari.ailus@linux.intel.com>

Document the use of the _DSE object for setting desirable power state
during probe.

Signed-off-by: Sakari Ailus <sakari.ailus@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Tomasz Figa <tfiga@chromium.org>
---
 Documentation/firmware-guide/acpi/index.rst   |  1 +
 .../firmware-guide/acpi/non-d0-probe.rst      | 78 +++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 79 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/firmware-guide/acpi/non-d0-probe.rst

diff --git a/Documentation/firmware-guide/acpi/index.rst b/Documentation/firmware-guide/acpi/index.rst
index f72b5f1769fb2..c0d68acceab6b 100644
--- a/Documentation/firmware-guide/acpi/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/firmware-guide/acpi/index.rst
@@ -25,5 +25,6 @@ ACPI Support
    acpi-lid
    lpit
    video_extension
+   non-d0-probe
    extcon-intel-int3496
    intel-pmc-mux
diff --git a/Documentation/firmware-guide/acpi/non-d0-probe.rst b/Documentation/firmware-guide/acpi/non-d0-probe.rst
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000..9fc78bab5f300
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/firmware-guide/acpi/non-d0-probe.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,78 @@
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+========================================
+Probing devices in other D states than 0
+========================================
+
+Introduction
+============
+
+In some cases it may be preferred to leave certain devices powered off for the
+entire system bootup if powering on these devices has adverse side effects,
+beyond just powering on the said device.
+
+How it works
+============
+
+The _DSE (Device State for Enumeration) object that evaluates to an integer may
+be used to tell Linux the highest allowed D state for a device during probe.
+The support for _DSE requires support from the kernel bus type if the bus
+driver normally sets the device in D0 state for probe.
+
+The downside of using _DSE is that as the device is not powered on, even if
+there's a problem with the device, the driver likely probes just fine but the
+first user will find out the device doesn't work, instead of a failure at probe
+time. This feature should thus be used sparingly.
+
+I²C
+---
+
+If an I²C driver indicates its support for this by setting the
+I2C_DRV_ACPI_WAIVE_D0_PROBE flag in struct i2c_driver.flags field and the
+_DSE object evaluates to integer higher than the D state of the device,
+the device will not be powered on (put in D0 state) for probe.
+
+D states
+--------
+
+The D states and thus also the allowed values for _DSE are listed below. Refer
+to [1] for more information on device power states.
+
+.. code-block:: text
+
+	Number	State	Description
+	0	D0	Device fully powered on
+	1	D1
+	2	D2
+	3	D3hot
+	4	D3cold	Off
+
+References
+==========
+
+[1] https://uefi.org/specifications/ACPI/6.4/02_Definition_of_Terms/Definition_of_Terms.html#device-power-state-definitions
+
+Example
+=======
+
+An ASL example describing an ACPI device using _DSE object to tell Operating
+System the device should remain powered off during probe looks like this. Some
+objects not relevant from the example point of view have been omitted.
+
+.. code-block:: text
+
+	Device (CAM0)
+        {
+		Name (_HID, "SONY319A")
+		Name (_UID, Zero)
+		Name (_CRS, ResourceTemplate ()
+		{
+			I2cSerialBus(0x0020, ControllerInitiated, 0x00061A80,
+				     AddressingMode7Bit, "\\_SB.PCI0.I2C0",
+				     0x00, ResourceConsumer)
+		})
+		Name (_DSE, 0, NotSerialized)
+		{
+			Return (0x4)
+                }
+	}
-- 
2.20.1


  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-02-10 23:11 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 15+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-02-10 23:07 [PATCH v11 0/7] Support running driver's probe for a device powered off Sakari Ailus
2021-02-10 23:07 ` [PATCH v11 1/7] ACPI: scan: Obtain device's desired enumeration power state Sakari Ailus
2021-02-11 19:10   ` Rafael J. Wysocki
2021-10-07  2:25   ` Rajat Jain
2021-10-18 20:23     ` Sakari Ailus
2021-10-19 20:07       ` Rajat Jain
2022-01-10 18:55       ` Rajat Jain
2022-01-10 22:31         ` Sakari Ailus
2021-02-10 23:07 ` [PATCH v11 2/7] i2c: Allow an ACPI driver to manage the device's power state during probe Sakari Ailus
2021-02-10 23:07 ` Sakari Ailus [this message]
2021-02-10 23:07 ` [PATCH v11 4/7] ACPI: Add a convenience function to tell a device is in D0 state Sakari Ailus
2021-02-10 23:07 ` [PATCH v11 5/7] ov5670: Support probe whilst the device is in ACPI D state other than 0 Sakari Ailus
2021-02-10 23:07 ` [PATCH v11 6/7] media: i2c: imx319: Support device probe in non-zero ACPI D state Sakari Ailus
2021-02-10 23:08 ` [PATCH v11 7/7] at24: Support probing while " Sakari Ailus
2021-02-11  9:50   ` Bartosz Golaszewski

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