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From: "Mickaël Salaün" <mic@digikod.net>
To: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>, Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>,
	"Serge E . Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com>
Cc: "Mickaël Salaün" <mic@digikod.net>,
	"Al Viro" <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>,
	"Andrew Morton" <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	"Andy Lutomirski" <luto@amacapital.net>,
	"Anton Ivanov" <anton.ivanov@cambridgegreys.com>,
	"Arnd Bergmann" <arnd@arndb.de>,
	"Casey Schaufler" <casey@schaufler-ca.com>,
	"David Howells" <dhowells@redhat.com>,
	"Jeff Dike" <jdike@addtoit.com>,
	"Jonathan Corbet" <corbet@lwn.net>,
	"Kees Cook" <keescook@chromium.org>,
	"Michael Kerrisk" <mtk.manpages@gmail.com>,
	"Richard Weinberger" <richard@nod.at>,
	"Shuah Khan" <shuah@kernel.org>,
	"Vincent Dagonneau" <vincent.dagonneau@ssi.gouv.fr>,
	kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com, linux-api@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-arch@vger.kernel.org, linux-doc@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kselftest@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org, x86@kernel.org,
	"Mickaël Salaün" <mic@linux.microsoft.com>
Subject: [PATCH v33 01/12] landlock: Add object management
Date: Wed,  7 Apr 2021 18:07:15 +0200
Message-ID: <20210407160726.542794-2-mic@digikod.net> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210407160726.542794-1-mic@digikod.net>

From: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com>

A Landlock object enables to identify a kernel object (e.g. an inode).
A Landlock rule is a set of access rights allowed on an object.  Rules
are grouped in rulesets that may be tied to a set of processes (i.e.
subjects) to enforce a scoped access-control (i.e. a domain).

Because Landlock's goal is to empower any process (especially
unprivileged ones) to sandbox themselves, we cannot rely on a
system-wide object identification such as file extended attributes.
Indeed, we need innocuous, composable and modular access-controls.

The main challenge with these constraints is to identify kernel objects
while this identification is useful (i.e. when a security policy makes
use of this object).  But this identification data should be freed once
no policy is using it.  This ephemeral tagging should not and may not be
written in the filesystem.  We then need to manage the lifetime of a
rule according to the lifetime of its objects.  To avoid a global lock,
this implementation make use of RCU and counters to safely reference
objects.

A following commit uses this generic object management for inodes.

Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@linux.microsoft.com>
Reviewed-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge@hallyn.com>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210407160726.542794-2-mic@digikod.net
---

Changes since v31:
* Fix typo.

Changes since v30:
* Add Reviewed-by Kees Cook.

Changes since v28:
* Improve Kconfig description (suggested by Serge Hallyn).
* Add Acked-by Serge Hallyn.
* Clean up comment.

Changes since v27:
* Update Kconfig for landlock_restrict_self(2).
* Cosmetic fixes: use 80 columns in Kconfig and align Makefile
  declarations.

Changes since v26:
* Update Kconfig for landlock_enforce_ruleset_self(2).
* Fix spelling.

Changes since v24:
* Fix typo in comment (spotted by Jann Horn).
* Add Reviewed-by Jann Horn.

Changes since v23:
* Update landlock_create_object() to return error codes instead of NULL.
  This help error handling in callers.
* When using make oldconfig with a previous configuration already
  including the CONFIG_LSM variable, no question is asked to update its
  content.  Update the Kconfig help to warn about LSM stacking
  configuration.
* Constify variable (spotted by Vincent Dagonneau).

Changes since v22:
* Fix spelling (spotted by Jann Horn).

Changes since v21:
* Update Kconfig help.
* Clean up comments.

Changes since v18:
* Account objects to kmemcg.

Changes since v14:
* Simplify the object, rule and ruleset management at the expense of a
  less aggressive memory freeing (contributed by Jann Horn, with
  additional modifications):
  - Remove object->list aggregating the rules tied to an object.
  - Remove landlock_get_object(), landlock_drop_object(),
    {get,put}_object_cleaner() and landlock_rule_is_disabled().
  - Rewrite landlock_put_object() to use a more simple mechanism
    (no tricky RCU).
  - Replace enum landlock_object_type and landlock_release_object() with
    landlock_object_underops->release()
  - Adjust unions and Sparse annotations.
  Cf. https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAG48ez21bEn0wL1bbmTiiu8j9jP5iEWtHOwz4tURUJ+ki0ydYw@mail.gmail.com/
* Merge struct landlock_rule into landlock_ruleset_elem to simplify the
  rule management.
* Constify variables.
* Improve kernel documentation.
* Cosmetic variable renames.
* Remove the "default" in the Kconfig (suggested by Jann Horn).
* Only use refcount_inc() through getter helpers.
* Update Kconfig description.

Changes since v13:
* New dedicated implementation, removing the need for eBPF.

Previous changes:
https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190721213116.23476-6-mic@digikod.net/
---
 MAINTAINERS                | 10 +++++
 security/Kconfig           |  1 +
 security/Makefile          |  2 +
 security/landlock/Kconfig  | 21 +++++++++
 security/landlock/Makefile |  3 ++
 security/landlock/object.c | 67 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 security/landlock/object.h | 91 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 7 files changed, 195 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/Kconfig
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/Makefile
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/object.c
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/object.h

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index aa84121c5611..87a2738dfdec 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -9997,6 +9997,16 @@ F:	net/core/sock_map.c
 F:	net/ipv4/tcp_bpf.c
 F:	net/ipv4/udp_bpf.c
 
+LANDLOCK SECURITY MODULE
+M:	Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
+L:	linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org
+S:	Supported
+W:	https://landlock.io
+T:	git https://github.com/landlock-lsm/linux.git
+F:	security/landlock/
+K:	landlock
+K:	LANDLOCK
+
 LANTIQ / INTEL Ethernet drivers
 M:	Hauke Mehrtens <hauke@hauke-m.de>
 L:	netdev@vger.kernel.org
diff --git a/security/Kconfig b/security/Kconfig
index 7561f6f99f1d..15a4342b5d01 100644
--- a/security/Kconfig
+++ b/security/Kconfig
@@ -238,6 +238,7 @@ source "security/loadpin/Kconfig"
 source "security/yama/Kconfig"
 source "security/safesetid/Kconfig"
 source "security/lockdown/Kconfig"
+source "security/landlock/Kconfig"
 
 source "security/integrity/Kconfig"
 
diff --git a/security/Makefile b/security/Makefile
index 3baf435de541..47e432900e24 100644
--- a/security/Makefile
+++ b/security/Makefile
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@ subdir-$(CONFIG_SECURITY_LOADPIN)	+= loadpin
 subdir-$(CONFIG_SECURITY_SAFESETID)    += safesetid
 subdir-$(CONFIG_SECURITY_LOCKDOWN_LSM)	+= lockdown
 subdir-$(CONFIG_BPF_LSM)		+= bpf
+subdir-$(CONFIG_SECURITY_LANDLOCK)	+= landlock
 
 # always enable default capabilities
 obj-y					+= commoncap.o
@@ -32,6 +33,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SECURITY_SAFESETID)       += safesetid/
 obj-$(CONFIG_SECURITY_LOCKDOWN_LSM)	+= lockdown/
 obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUPS)			+= device_cgroup.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_LSM)			+= bpf/
+obj-$(CONFIG_SECURITY_LANDLOCK)		+= landlock/
 
 # Object integrity file lists
 subdir-$(CONFIG_INTEGRITY)		+= integrity
diff --git a/security/landlock/Kconfig b/security/landlock/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c1e862a38410
--- /dev/null
+++ b/security/landlock/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+
+config SECURITY_LANDLOCK
+	bool "Landlock support"
+	depends on SECURITY
+	select SECURITY_PATH
+	help
+	  Landlock is a sandboxing mechanism that enables processes to restrict
+	  themselves (and their future children) by gradually enforcing
+	  tailored access control policies.  A Landlock security policy is a
+	  set of access rights (e.g. open a file in read-only, make a
+	  directory, etc.) tied to a file hierarchy.  Such policy can be
+	  configured and enforced by any processes for themselves using the
+	  dedicated system calls: landlock_create_ruleset(),
+	  landlock_add_rule(), and landlock_restrict_self().
+
+	  See Documentation/userspace-api/landlock.rst for further information.
+
+	  If you are unsure how to answer this question, answer N.  Otherwise,
+	  you should also prepend "landlock," to the content of CONFIG_LSM to
+	  enable Landlock at boot time.
diff --git a/security/landlock/Makefile b/security/landlock/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..cb6deefbf4c0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/security/landlock/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+obj-$(CONFIG_SECURITY_LANDLOCK) := landlock.o
+
+landlock-y := object.o
diff --git a/security/landlock/object.c b/security/landlock/object.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d674fdf9ff04
--- /dev/null
+++ b/security/landlock/object.c
@@ -0,0 +1,67 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * Landlock LSM - Object management
+ *
+ * Copyright © 2016-2020 Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
+ * Copyright © 2018-2020 ANSSI
+ */
+
+#include <linux/bug.h>
+#include <linux/compiler_types.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
+#include <linux/refcount.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+
+#include "object.h"
+
+struct landlock_object *landlock_create_object(
+		const struct landlock_object_underops *const underops,
+		void *const underobj)
+{
+	struct landlock_object *new_object;
+
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!underops || !underobj))
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
+	new_object = kzalloc(sizeof(*new_object), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT);
+	if (!new_object)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+	refcount_set(&new_object->usage, 1);
+	spin_lock_init(&new_object->lock);
+	new_object->underops = underops;
+	new_object->underobj = underobj;
+	return new_object;
+}
+
+/*
+ * The caller must own the object (i.e. thanks to object->usage) to safely put
+ * it.
+ */
+void landlock_put_object(struct landlock_object *const object)
+{
+	/*
+	 * The call to @object->underops->release(object) might sleep, e.g.
+	 * because of iput().
+	 */
+	might_sleep();
+	if (!object)
+		return;
+
+	/*
+	 * If the @object's refcount cannot drop to zero, we can just decrement
+	 * the refcount without holding a lock. Otherwise, the decrement must
+	 * happen under @object->lock for synchronization with things like
+	 * get_inode_object().
+	 */
+	if (refcount_dec_and_lock(&object->usage, &object->lock)) {
+		__acquire(&object->lock);
+		/*
+		 * With @object->lock initially held, remove the reference from
+		 * @object->underobj to @object (if it still exists).
+		 */
+		object->underops->release(object);
+		kfree_rcu(object, rcu_free);
+	}
+}
diff --git a/security/landlock/object.h b/security/landlock/object.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..3f80674c6c8d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/security/landlock/object.h
@@ -0,0 +1,91 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+/*
+ * Landlock LSM - Object management
+ *
+ * Copyright © 2016-2020 Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net>
+ * Copyright © 2018-2020 ANSSI
+ */
+
+#ifndef _SECURITY_LANDLOCK_OBJECT_H
+#define _SECURITY_LANDLOCK_OBJECT_H
+
+#include <linux/compiler_types.h>
+#include <linux/refcount.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+
+struct landlock_object;
+
+/**
+ * struct landlock_object_underops - Operations on an underlying object
+ */
+struct landlock_object_underops {
+	/**
+	 * @release: Releases the underlying object (e.g. iput() for an inode).
+	 */
+	void (*release)(struct landlock_object *const object)
+		__releases(object->lock);
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct landlock_object - Security blob tied to a kernel object
+ *
+ * The goal of this structure is to enable to tie a set of ephemeral access
+ * rights (pertaining to different domains) to a kernel object (e.g an inode)
+ * in a safe way.  This implies to handle concurrent use and modification.
+ *
+ * The lifetime of a &struct landlock_object depends on the rules referring to
+ * it.
+ */
+struct landlock_object {
+	/**
+	 * @usage: This counter is used to tie an object to the rules matching
+	 * it or to keep it alive while adding a new rule.  If this counter
+	 * reaches zero, this struct must not be modified, but this counter can
+	 * still be read from within an RCU read-side critical section.  When
+	 * adding a new rule to an object with a usage counter of zero, we must
+	 * wait until the pointer to this object is set to NULL (or recycled).
+	 */
+	refcount_t usage;
+	/**
+	 * @lock: Protects against concurrent modifications.  This lock must be
+	 * held from the time @usage drops to zero until any weak references
+	 * from @underobj to this object have been cleaned up.
+	 *
+	 * Lock ordering: inode->i_lock nests inside this.
+	 */
+	spinlock_t lock;
+	/**
+	 * @underobj: Used when cleaning up an object and to mark an object as
+	 * tied to its underlying kernel structure.  This pointer is protected
+	 * by @lock.  Cf. landlock_release_inodes() and release_inode().
+	 */
+	void *underobj;
+	union {
+		/**
+		 * @rcu_free: Enables lockless use of @usage, @lock and
+		 * @underobj from within an RCU read-side critical section.
+		 * @rcu_free and @underops are only used by
+		 * landlock_put_object().
+		 */
+		struct rcu_head rcu_free;
+		/**
+		 * @underops: Enables landlock_put_object() to release the
+		 * underlying object (e.g. inode).
+		 */
+		const struct landlock_object_underops *underops;
+	};
+};
+
+struct landlock_object *landlock_create_object(
+		const struct landlock_object_underops *const underops,
+		void *const underobj);
+
+void landlock_put_object(struct landlock_object *const object);
+
+static inline void landlock_get_object(struct landlock_object *const object)
+{
+	if (object)
+		refcount_inc(&object->usage);
+}
+
+#endif /* _SECURITY_LANDLOCK_OBJECT_H */
-- 
2.30.2


  reply index

Thread overview: 16+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-04-07 16:07 [PATCH v33 00/12] Landlock LSM Mickaël Salaün
2021-04-07 16:07 ` Mickaël Salaün [this message]
2021-04-07 16:07 ` [PATCH v33 02/12] landlock: Add ruleset and domain management Mickaël Salaün
2021-04-07 16:07 ` [PATCH v33 03/12] landlock: Set up the security framework and manage credentials Mickaël Salaün
2021-04-07 16:07 ` [PATCH v33 04/12] landlock: Add ptrace restrictions Mickaël Salaün
2021-04-07 16:07 ` [PATCH v33 05/12] LSM: Infrastructure management of the superblock Mickaël Salaün
2021-04-07 16:07 ` [PATCH v33 06/12] fs,security: Add sb_delete hook Mickaël Salaün
2021-04-07 16:07 ` [PATCH v33 07/12] landlock: Support filesystem access-control Mickaël Salaün
2021-04-08 20:28   ` James Morris
2021-04-07 16:07 ` [PATCH v33 08/12] landlock: Add syscall implementations Mickaël Salaün
2021-04-07 16:07 ` [PATCH v33 09/12] arch: Wire up Landlock syscalls Mickaël Salaün
2021-04-07 16:07 ` [PATCH v33 10/12] selftests/landlock: Add user space tests Mickaël Salaün
2021-04-07 16:07 ` [PATCH v33 11/12] samples/landlock: Add a sandbox manager example Mickaël Salaün
2021-04-07 16:07 ` [PATCH v33 12/12] landlock: Add user and kernel documentation Mickaël Salaün
2021-04-09  1:48 ` [PATCH v33 00/12] Landlock LSM James Morris
2021-04-09 16:04   ` Casey Schaufler

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