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* [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 01/29] arm64: mte: system register definitions Catalin Marinas
                   ` (28 more replies)
  0 siblings, 29 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

That's version 9 of the MTE user-space support (version 8 here [1]). The
series is also available on this branch:

  git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arm64/linux for-next/mte

The patches below are missing some acks. If there are any objections,
please let me know (acks would be appreciated). I plan to queue them
together with the rest of the MTE series.

mm:

  [PATCH v7 07/29] mm: Add PG_arch_2 page flag
  [PATCH v7 08/29] mm: Preserve the PG_arch_2 flag in __split_huge_page_tail()
  [PATCH v7 13/29] mm: Introduce arch_calc_vm_flag_bits()

fs:
  
  [PATCH v7 24/29] fs: Handle intra-page faults in copy_mount_options()

arm64 KVM (small new addition in v9):

  [PATCH v9 04/29] arm64: kvm: mte: Hide the MTE CPUID information from the guests

There have been no further ABI changes and aiming for a 5.10 merge.
Minor changes in this version:

- Added a separate patch for arm64 KVM which hides the CPUID information
  and injects an undef exception in the guest if it accesses any of the
  MTE system registers.

- Slight improvement to the CONFIG_ARM64_AS_HAS_MTE comment.

- Rebased onto v5.9-rc3.

[1] https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200824182758.27267-1-catalin.marinas@arm.com

Thanks.

Catalin Marinas (17):
  arm64: mte: Use Normal Tagged attributes for the linear map
  arm64: kvm: mte: Hide the MTE CPUID information from the guests
  mm: Preserve the PG_arch_2 flag in __split_huge_page_tail()
  arm64: mte: Clear the tags when a page is mapped in user-space with
    PROT_MTE
  arm64: Avoid unnecessary clear_user_page() indirection
  arm64: mte: Tags-aware aware memcmp_pages() implementation
  arm64: mte: Add PROT_MTE support to mmap() and mprotect()
  mm: Introduce arch_validate_flags()
  arm64: mte: Validate the PROT_MTE request via arch_validate_flags()
  mm: Allow arm64 mmap(PROT_MTE) on RAM-based files
  arm64: mte: Allow user control of the tag check mode via prctl()
  arm64: mte: Allow user control of the generated random tags via
    prctl()
  arm64: mte: Restore the GCR_EL1 register after a suspend
  arm64: mte: Allow {set,get}_tagged_addr_ctrl() on non-current tasks
  arm64: mte: ptrace: Add PTRACE_{PEEK,POKE}MTETAGS support
  arm64: mte: ptrace: Add NT_ARM_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL regset
  fs: Handle intra-page faults in copy_mount_options()

Kevin Brodsky (1):
  mm: Introduce arch_calc_vm_flag_bits()

Steven Price (4):
  mm: Add PG_arch_2 page flag
  mm: Add arch hooks for saving/restoring tags
  arm64: mte: Enable swap of tagged pages
  arm64: mte: Save tags when hibernating

Vincenzo Frascino (7):
  arm64: mte: system register definitions
  arm64: mte: CPU feature detection and initial sysreg configuration
  arm64: mte: Add specific SIGSEGV codes
  arm64: mte: Handle synchronous and asynchronous tag check faults
  arm64: mte: Tags-aware copy_{user_,}highpage() implementations
  arm64: mte: Kconfig entry
  arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation

 Documentation/arm64/cpu-feature-registers.rst |   2 +
 Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.rst            |   4 +
 Documentation/arm64/index.rst                 |   1 +
 .../arm64/memory-tagging-extension.rst        | 305 ++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/Kconfig                            |  33 ++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h              |   3 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h           |   6 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h                |   2 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_arm.h              |   3 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h               |  17 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/mman.h                 |  56 ++-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h                  |  86 +++++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/page.h                 |  19 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable-prot.h         |   2 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h              |  46 ++-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h            |  12 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h               |  61 ++++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/thread_info.h          |   4 +-
 arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h           |   2 +-
 arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/mman.h            |   1 +
 arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h          |   4 +
 arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile                    |   1 +
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c                |  35 ++
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c                   |   2 +-
 arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S                     |  37 ++
 arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c                 | 118 ++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c                       | 336 ++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/process.c                   |  48 ++-
 arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c                    |  51 ++-
 arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c                    |   9 +
 arch/arm64/kernel/suspend.c                   |   4 +
 arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c                   |  10 +
 arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c                     |  16 +
 arch/arm64/lib/Makefile                       |   2 +
 arch/arm64/lib/mte.S                          | 151 ++++++++
 arch/arm64/mm/Makefile                        |   1 +
 arch/arm64/mm/copypage.c                      |  25 +-
 arch/arm64/mm/dump.c                          |   4 +
 arch/arm64/mm/fault.c                         |   9 +-
 arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c                           |  20 +-
 arch/arm64/mm/mteswap.c                       |  83 +++++
 arch/arm64/mm/proc.S                          |  32 +-
 arch/x86/kernel/signal_compat.c               |   2 +-
 fs/namespace.c                                |  25 +-
 fs/proc/page.c                                |   3 +
 fs/proc/task_mmu.c                            |   4 +
 include/linux/kernel-page-flags.h             |   1 +
 include/linux/mm.h                            |   8 +
 include/linux/mman.h                          |  23 +-
 include/linux/page-flags.h                    |   3 +
 include/linux/pgtable.h                       |  28 ++
 include/trace/events/mmflags.h                |   9 +-
 include/uapi/asm-generic/siginfo.h            |   4 +-
 include/uapi/linux/elf.h                      |   1 +
 include/uapi/linux/prctl.h                    |   9 +
 mm/huge_memory.c                              |   3 +
 mm/mmap.c                                     |   9 +
 mm/mprotect.c                                 |   6 +
 mm/page_io.c                                  |  10 +
 mm/shmem.c                                    |   9 +
 mm/swapfile.c                                 |   2 +
 mm/util.c                                     |   2 +-
 tools/vm/page-types.c                         |   2 +
 63 files changed, 1764 insertions(+), 62 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/arm64/memory-tagging-extension.rst
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/lib/mte.S
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/mm/mteswap.c


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 01/29] arm64: mte: system register definitions
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 02/29] arm64: mte: Use Normal Tagged attributes for the linear map Catalin Marinas
                   ` (27 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

From: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>

Add Memory Tagging Extension system register definitions together with
the relevant bitfields.

Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
Co-developed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---

Notes:
    v2:
    - Added SET_PSTATE_TCO() macro.

 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_arm.h     |  1 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h      | 53 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h |  1 +
 arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c           |  2 +-
 4 files changed, 56 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_arm.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_arm.h
index 1da8e3dc4455..1593669cca4d 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_arm.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_arm.h
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
 #include <asm/types.h>
 
 /* Hyp Configuration Register (HCR) bits */
+#define HCR_ATA		(UL(1) << 56)
 #define HCR_FWB		(UL(1) << 46)
 #define HCR_API		(UL(1) << 41)
 #define HCR_APK		(UL(1) << 40)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
index 554a7e8ecb07..6fa9aa477e76 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
@@ -91,10 +91,12 @@
 #define PSTATE_PAN			pstate_field(0, 4)
 #define PSTATE_UAO			pstate_field(0, 3)
 #define PSTATE_SSBS			pstate_field(3, 1)
+#define PSTATE_TCO			pstate_field(3, 4)
 
 #define SET_PSTATE_PAN(x)		__emit_inst(0xd500401f | PSTATE_PAN | ((!!x) << PSTATE_Imm_shift))
 #define SET_PSTATE_UAO(x)		__emit_inst(0xd500401f | PSTATE_UAO | ((!!x) << PSTATE_Imm_shift))
 #define SET_PSTATE_SSBS(x)		__emit_inst(0xd500401f | PSTATE_SSBS | ((!!x) << PSTATE_Imm_shift))
+#define SET_PSTATE_TCO(x)		__emit_inst(0xd500401f | PSTATE_TCO | ((!!x) << PSTATE_Imm_shift))
 
 #define __SYS_BARRIER_INSN(CRm, op2, Rt) \
 	__emit_inst(0xd5000000 | sys_insn(0, 3, 3, (CRm), (op2)) | ((Rt) & 0x1f))
@@ -181,6 +183,8 @@
 #define SYS_SCTLR_EL1			sys_reg(3, 0, 1, 0, 0)
 #define SYS_ACTLR_EL1			sys_reg(3, 0, 1, 0, 1)
 #define SYS_CPACR_EL1			sys_reg(3, 0, 1, 0, 2)
+#define SYS_RGSR_EL1			sys_reg(3, 0, 1, 0, 5)
+#define SYS_GCR_EL1			sys_reg(3, 0, 1, 0, 6)
 
 #define SYS_ZCR_EL1			sys_reg(3, 0, 1, 2, 0)
 
@@ -218,6 +222,8 @@
 #define SYS_ERXADDR_EL1			sys_reg(3, 0, 5, 4, 3)
 #define SYS_ERXMISC0_EL1		sys_reg(3, 0, 5, 5, 0)
 #define SYS_ERXMISC1_EL1		sys_reg(3, 0, 5, 5, 1)
+#define SYS_TFSR_EL1			sys_reg(3, 0, 5, 6, 0)
+#define SYS_TFSRE0_EL1			sys_reg(3, 0, 5, 6, 1)
 
 #define SYS_FAR_EL1			sys_reg(3, 0, 6, 0, 0)
 #define SYS_PAR_EL1			sys_reg(3, 0, 7, 4, 0)
@@ -368,6 +374,7 @@
 
 #define SYS_CCSIDR_EL1			sys_reg(3, 1, 0, 0, 0)
 #define SYS_CLIDR_EL1			sys_reg(3, 1, 0, 0, 1)
+#define SYS_GMID_EL1			sys_reg(3, 1, 0, 0, 4)
 #define SYS_AIDR_EL1			sys_reg(3, 1, 0, 0, 7)
 
 #define SYS_CSSELR_EL1			sys_reg(3, 2, 0, 0, 0)
@@ -460,6 +467,7 @@
 #define SYS_ESR_EL2			sys_reg(3, 4, 5, 2, 0)
 #define SYS_VSESR_EL2			sys_reg(3, 4, 5, 2, 3)
 #define SYS_FPEXC32_EL2			sys_reg(3, 4, 5, 3, 0)
+#define SYS_TFSR_EL2			sys_reg(3, 4, 5, 6, 0)
 #define SYS_FAR_EL2			sys_reg(3, 4, 6, 0, 0)
 
 #define SYS_VDISR_EL2			sys_reg(3, 4, 12, 1,  1)
@@ -516,6 +524,7 @@
 #define SYS_AFSR0_EL12			sys_reg(3, 5, 5, 1, 0)
 #define SYS_AFSR1_EL12			sys_reg(3, 5, 5, 1, 1)
 #define SYS_ESR_EL12			sys_reg(3, 5, 5, 2, 0)
+#define SYS_TFSR_EL12			sys_reg(3, 5, 5, 6, 0)
 #define SYS_FAR_EL12			sys_reg(3, 5, 6, 0, 0)
 #define SYS_MAIR_EL12			sys_reg(3, 5, 10, 2, 0)
 #define SYS_AMAIR_EL12			sys_reg(3, 5, 10, 3, 0)
@@ -531,6 +540,15 @@
 
 /* Common SCTLR_ELx flags. */
 #define SCTLR_ELx_DSSBS	(BIT(44))
+#define SCTLR_ELx_ATA	(BIT(43))
+
+#define SCTLR_ELx_TCF_SHIFT	40
+#define SCTLR_ELx_TCF_NONE	(UL(0x0) << SCTLR_ELx_TCF_SHIFT)
+#define SCTLR_ELx_TCF_SYNC	(UL(0x1) << SCTLR_ELx_TCF_SHIFT)
+#define SCTLR_ELx_TCF_ASYNC	(UL(0x2) << SCTLR_ELx_TCF_SHIFT)
+#define SCTLR_ELx_TCF_MASK	(UL(0x3) << SCTLR_ELx_TCF_SHIFT)
+
+#define SCTLR_ELx_ITFSB	(BIT(37))
 #define SCTLR_ELx_ENIA	(BIT(31))
 #define SCTLR_ELx_ENIB	(BIT(30))
 #define SCTLR_ELx_ENDA	(BIT(27))
@@ -559,6 +577,14 @@
 #endif
 
 /* SCTLR_EL1 specific flags. */
+#define SCTLR_EL1_ATA0		(BIT(42))
+
+#define SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_SHIFT	38
+#define SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_NONE	(UL(0x0) << SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_SHIFT)
+#define SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_SYNC	(UL(0x1) << SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_SHIFT)
+#define SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_ASYNC	(UL(0x2) << SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_SHIFT)
+#define SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_MASK	(UL(0x3) << SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_SHIFT)
+
 #define SCTLR_EL1_BT1		(BIT(36))
 #define SCTLR_EL1_BT0		(BIT(35))
 #define SCTLR_EL1_UCI		(BIT(26))
@@ -595,6 +621,7 @@
 #define MAIR_ATTR_DEVICE_GRE		UL(0x0c)
 #define MAIR_ATTR_NORMAL_NC		UL(0x44)
 #define MAIR_ATTR_NORMAL_WT		UL(0xbb)
+#define MAIR_ATTR_NORMAL_TAGGED		UL(0xf0)
 #define MAIR_ATTR_NORMAL		UL(0xff)
 #define MAIR_ATTR_MASK			UL(0xff)
 
@@ -686,6 +713,10 @@
 #define ID_AA64PFR1_SSBS_PSTATE_INSNS	2
 #define ID_AA64PFR1_BT_BTI		0x1
 
+#define ID_AA64PFR1_MTE_NI		0x0
+#define ID_AA64PFR1_MTE_EL0		0x1
+#define ID_AA64PFR1_MTE			0x2
+
 /* id_aa64zfr0 */
 #define ID_AA64ZFR0_F64MM_SHIFT		56
 #define ID_AA64ZFR0_F32MM_SHIFT		52
@@ -920,6 +951,28 @@
 #define CPACR_EL1_ZEN_EL0EN	(BIT(17)) /* enable EL0 access, if EL1EN set */
 #define CPACR_EL1_ZEN		(CPACR_EL1_ZEN_EL1EN | CPACR_EL1_ZEN_EL0EN)
 
+/* TCR EL1 Bit Definitions */
+#define SYS_TCR_EL1_TCMA1	(BIT(58))
+#define SYS_TCR_EL1_TCMA0	(BIT(57))
+
+/* GCR_EL1 Definitions */
+#define SYS_GCR_EL1_RRND	(BIT(16))
+#define SYS_GCR_EL1_EXCL_MASK	0xffffUL
+
+/* RGSR_EL1 Definitions */
+#define SYS_RGSR_EL1_TAG_MASK	0xfUL
+#define SYS_RGSR_EL1_SEED_SHIFT	8
+#define SYS_RGSR_EL1_SEED_MASK	0xffffUL
+
+/* GMID_EL1 field definitions */
+#define SYS_GMID_EL1_BS_SHIFT	0
+#define SYS_GMID_EL1_BS_SIZE	4
+
+/* TFSR{,E0}_EL1 bit definitions */
+#define SYS_TFSR_EL1_TF0_SHIFT	0
+#define SYS_TFSR_EL1_TF1_SHIFT	1
+#define SYS_TFSR_EL1_TF0	(UL(1) << SYS_TFSR_EL1_TF0_SHIFT)
+#define SYS_TFSR_EL1_TF1	(UK(2) << SYS_TFSR_EL1_TF1_SHIFT)
 
 /* Safe value for MPIDR_EL1: Bit31:RES1, Bit30:U:0, Bit24:MT:0 */
 #define SYS_MPIDR_SAFE_VAL	(BIT(31))
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
index 42cbe34d95ce..06413d9f2341 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -51,6 +51,7 @@
 #define PSR_PAN_BIT	0x00400000
 #define PSR_UAO_BIT	0x00800000
 #define PSR_DIT_BIT	0x01000000
+#define PSR_TCO_BIT	0x02000000
 #define PSR_V_BIT	0x10000000
 #define PSR_C_BIT	0x20000000
 #define PSR_Z_BIT	0x40000000
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c
index d8ebfd813e28..8942de814b72 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -1793,7 +1793,7 @@ void syscall_trace_exit(struct pt_regs *regs)
  * We also reserve IL for the kernel; SS is handled dynamically.
  */
 #define SPSR_EL1_AARCH64_RES0_BITS \
-	(GENMASK_ULL(63, 32) | GENMASK_ULL(27, 25) | GENMASK_ULL(23, 22) | \
+	(GENMASK_ULL(63, 32) | GENMASK_ULL(27, 26) | GENMASK_ULL(23, 22) | \
 	 GENMASK_ULL(20, 13) | GENMASK_ULL(5, 5))
 #define SPSR_EL1_AARCH32_RES0_BITS \
 	(GENMASK_ULL(63, 32) | GENMASK_ULL(22, 22) | GENMASK_ULL(20, 20))

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 02/29] arm64: mte: Use Normal Tagged attributes for the linear map
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 01/29] arm64: mte: system register definitions Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 03/29] arm64: mte: CPU feature detection and initial sysreg configuration Catalin Marinas
                   ` (26 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton,
	Suzuki K Poulose

Once user space is given access to tagged memory, the kernel must be
able to clear/save/restore tags visible to the user. This is done via
the linear mapping, therefore map it as such. The new MT_NORMAL_TAGGED
index for MAIR_EL1 is initially mapped as Normal memory and later
changed to Normal Tagged via the cpufeature infrastructure. From a
mismatched attribute aliases perspective, the Tagged memory is
considered a permission and it won't lead to undefined behaviour.

Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Cc: Suzuki K Poulose <Suzuki.Poulose@arm.com>
---

Notes:
    v8:
    - Defer the MAIR_EL1 initialisation to the patch introducing the
      cpufeature checks.
    - Remove the system_supports_mte() check in pgattr_change_is_safe()
      since MT_NORMAL_TAGGED will be used even if MTE is not present (but
      mapped to Normal Cacheable memory).
    
    v5:
    - Move the clearing of the zero page since clear_page() to a later
      patch.
    
    v3:
    - Restrict the safe attribute change in pgattr_change_is_safe() only to
      Normal to/from Normal-Tagged (old version allow any other type as long
      as old or new was Normal(-Tagged)).

 arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h       |  1 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable-prot.h |  2 ++
 arch/arm64/mm/dump.c                  |  4 ++++
 arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c                   | 20 ++++++++++++++++++--
 arch/arm64/mm/proc.S                  |  8 ++++++--
 5 files changed, 31 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h
index afa722504bfd..1e0a78266410 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h
@@ -133,6 +133,7 @@
 #define MT_NORMAL_NC		3
 #define MT_NORMAL		4
 #define MT_NORMAL_WT		5
+#define MT_NORMAL_TAGGED	6
 
 /*
  * Memory types for Stage-2 translation
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable-prot.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable-prot.h
index 4d867c6446c4..afd8b9fc76f2 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable-prot.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable-prot.h
@@ -50,6 +50,7 @@ extern bool arm64_use_ng_mappings;
 #define PROT_NORMAL_NC		(PROT_DEFAULT | PTE_PXN | PTE_UXN | PTE_WRITE | PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL_NC))
 #define PROT_NORMAL_WT		(PROT_DEFAULT | PTE_PXN | PTE_UXN | PTE_WRITE | PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL_WT))
 #define PROT_NORMAL		(PROT_DEFAULT | PTE_PXN | PTE_UXN | PTE_WRITE | PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL))
+#define PROT_NORMAL_TAGGED	(PROT_DEFAULT | PTE_PXN | PTE_UXN | PTE_WRITE | PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL_TAGGED))
 
 #define PROT_SECT_DEVICE_nGnRE	(PROT_SECT_DEFAULT | PMD_SECT_PXN | PMD_SECT_UXN | PMD_ATTRINDX(MT_DEVICE_nGnRE))
 #define PROT_SECT_NORMAL	(PROT_SECT_DEFAULT | PMD_SECT_PXN | PMD_SECT_UXN | PMD_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL))
@@ -59,6 +60,7 @@ extern bool arm64_use_ng_mappings;
 #define _HYP_PAGE_DEFAULT	_PAGE_DEFAULT
 
 #define PAGE_KERNEL		__pgprot(PROT_NORMAL)
+#define PAGE_KERNEL_TAGGED	__pgprot(PROT_NORMAL_TAGGED)
 #define PAGE_KERNEL_RO		__pgprot((PROT_NORMAL & ~PTE_WRITE) | PTE_RDONLY)
 #define PAGE_KERNEL_ROX		__pgprot((PROT_NORMAL & ~(PTE_WRITE | PTE_PXN)) | PTE_RDONLY)
 #define PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC	__pgprot(PROT_NORMAL & ~PTE_PXN)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/dump.c b/arch/arm64/mm/dump.c
index 0b8da1cc1c07..ba6d1d89f9b2 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/dump.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/dump.c
@@ -169,6 +169,10 @@ static const struct prot_bits pte_bits[] = {
 		.mask	= PTE_ATTRINDX_MASK,
 		.val	= PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL),
 		.set	= "MEM/NORMAL",
+	}, {
+		.mask	= PTE_ATTRINDX_MASK,
+		.val	= PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL_TAGGED),
+		.set	= "MEM/NORMAL-TAGGED",
 	}
 };
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c b/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
index 75df62fea1b6..936c4762dadf 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
@@ -122,7 +122,7 @@ static bool pgattr_change_is_safe(u64 old, u64 new)
 	 * The following mapping attributes may be updated in live
 	 * kernel mappings without the need for break-before-make.
 	 */
-	static const pteval_t mask = PTE_PXN | PTE_RDONLY | PTE_WRITE | PTE_NG;
+	pteval_t mask = PTE_PXN | PTE_RDONLY | PTE_WRITE | PTE_NG;
 
 	/* creating or taking down mappings is always safe */
 	if (old == 0 || new == 0)
@@ -136,6 +136,17 @@ static bool pgattr_change_is_safe(u64 old, u64 new)
 	if (old & ~new & PTE_NG)
 		return false;
 
+	/*
+	 * Changing the memory type between Normal and Normal-Tagged is safe
+	 * since Tagged is considered a permission attribute from the
+	 * mismatched attribute aliases perspective.
+	 */
+	if (((old & PTE_ATTRINDX_MASK) == PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL) ||
+	     (old & PTE_ATTRINDX_MASK) == PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL_TAGGED)) &&
+	    ((new & PTE_ATTRINDX_MASK) == PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL) ||
+	     (new & PTE_ATTRINDX_MASK) == PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL_TAGGED)))
+		mask |= PTE_ATTRINDX_MASK;
+
 	return ((old ^ new) & ~mask) == 0;
 }
 
@@ -491,7 +502,12 @@ static void __init map_mem(pgd_t *pgdp)
 		if (memblock_is_nomap(reg))
 			continue;
 
-		__map_memblock(pgdp, start, end, PAGE_KERNEL, flags);
+		/*
+		 * The linear map must allow allocation tags reading/writing
+		 * if MTE is present. Otherwise, it has the same attributes as
+		 * PAGE_KERNEL.
+		 */
+		__map_memblock(pgdp, start, end, PAGE_KERNEL_TAGGED, flags);
 	}
 
 	/*
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/proc.S b/arch/arm64/mm/proc.S
index 796e47a571e6..4817ed52e343 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/proc.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/proc.S
@@ -44,14 +44,18 @@
 #define TCR_KASAN_FLAGS 0
 #endif
 
-/* Default MAIR_EL1 */
+/*
+ * Default MAIR_EL1. MT_NORMAL_TAGGED is initially mapped as Normal memory and
+ * changed during __cpu_setup to Normal Tagged if the system supports MTE.
+ */
 #define MAIR_EL1_SET							\
 	(MAIR_ATTRIDX(MAIR_ATTR_DEVICE_nGnRnE, MT_DEVICE_nGnRnE) |	\
 	 MAIR_ATTRIDX(MAIR_ATTR_DEVICE_nGnRE, MT_DEVICE_nGnRE) |	\
 	 MAIR_ATTRIDX(MAIR_ATTR_DEVICE_GRE, MT_DEVICE_GRE) |		\
 	 MAIR_ATTRIDX(MAIR_ATTR_NORMAL_NC, MT_NORMAL_NC) |		\
 	 MAIR_ATTRIDX(MAIR_ATTR_NORMAL, MT_NORMAL) |			\
-	 MAIR_ATTRIDX(MAIR_ATTR_NORMAL_WT, MT_NORMAL_WT))
+	 MAIR_ATTRIDX(MAIR_ATTR_NORMAL_WT, MT_NORMAL_WT) |		\
+	 MAIR_ATTRIDX(MAIR_ATTR_NORMAL, MT_NORMAL_TAGGED))
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_PM
 /**

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 03/29] arm64: mte: CPU feature detection and initial sysreg configuration
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 01/29] arm64: mte: system register definitions Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 02/29] arm64: mte: Use Normal Tagged attributes for the linear map Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 04/29] arm64: kvm: mte: Hide the MTE CPUID information from the guests Catalin Marinas
                   ` (25 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton,
	Suzuki K Poulose

From: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>

Add the cpufeature and hwcap entries to detect the presence of MTE. Any
secondary CPU not supporting the feature, if detected on the boot CPU,
will be parked.

Add the minimum SCTLR_EL1 and HCR_EL2 bits for enabling MTE. The Normal
Tagged memory type is configured in MAIR_EL1 before the MMU is enabled
in order to avoid disrupting other CPUs in the CnP domain.

Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
Co-developed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Cc: Suzuki K Poulose <Suzuki.Poulose@arm.com>
---

Notes:
    v9:
    - Move the KVM ID register field hiding to a subsequent patch.
    
    v8:
    - Move the SCTLR_EL1, MAIR_EL1, GCR_EL1 and TFSR*_EL1 initialisation to
      __cpu_setup before the MMU is enabled. While early MAIR_EL1 is
      desirable to avoid conflicting with other CPUs in a CnP domain the
      TFSR_EL1 and GCR_EL1 will only come in handy later when support for
      in-kernel MTE is added.
    
    v7:
    - Hide the MTE ID register field for guests until MTE gains support for KVM.

 arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h    |  3 ++-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h |  6 ++++++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h      |  2 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_arm.h    |  2 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h     |  1 +
 arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h |  2 +-
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c      | 17 +++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c         |  2 +-
 arch/arm64/mm/proc.S                | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
 9 files changed, 54 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
index 07b643a70710..1937653b05a3 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
@@ -64,7 +64,8 @@
 #define ARM64_BTI				54
 #define ARM64_HAS_ARMv8_4_TTL			55
 #define ARM64_HAS_TLB_RANGE			56
+#define ARM64_MTE				57
 
-#define ARM64_NCAPS				57
+#define ARM64_NCAPS				58
 
 #endif /* __ASM_CPUCAPS_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
index 89b4f0142c28..680b5b36ddd5 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
@@ -681,6 +681,12 @@ static __always_inline bool system_uses_irq_prio_masking(void)
 	       cpus_have_const_cap(ARM64_HAS_IRQ_PRIO_MASKING);
 }
 
+static inline bool system_supports_mte(void)
+{
+	return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM64_MTE) &&
+		cpus_have_const_cap(ARM64_MTE);
+}
+
 static inline bool system_has_prio_mask_debugging(void)
 {
 	return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM64_DEBUG_PRIORITY_MASKING) &&
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h
index 22f73fe09030..0d4a6741b6a5 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h
@@ -95,7 +95,7 @@
 #define KERNEL_HWCAP_DGH		__khwcap2_feature(DGH)
 #define KERNEL_HWCAP_RNG		__khwcap2_feature(RNG)
 #define KERNEL_HWCAP_BTI		__khwcap2_feature(BTI)
-/* reserved for KERNEL_HWCAP_MTE	__khwcap2_feature(MTE) */
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_MTE		__khwcap2_feature(MTE)
 
 /*
  * This yields a mask that user programs can use to figure out what
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_arm.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_arm.h
index 1593669cca4d..5aee5f79b24e 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_arm.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_arm.h
@@ -79,7 +79,7 @@
 			 HCR_AMO | HCR_SWIO | HCR_TIDCP | HCR_RW | HCR_TLOR | \
 			 HCR_FMO | HCR_IMO | HCR_PTW )
 #define HCR_VIRT_EXCP_MASK (HCR_VSE | HCR_VI | HCR_VF)
-#define HCR_HOST_NVHE_FLAGS (HCR_RW | HCR_API | HCR_APK)
+#define HCR_HOST_NVHE_FLAGS (HCR_RW | HCR_API | HCR_APK | HCR_ATA)
 #define HCR_HOST_VHE_FLAGS (HCR_RW | HCR_TGE | HCR_E2H)
 
 /* TCR_EL2 Registers bits */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
index 6fa9aa477e76..daf030a05de0 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
@@ -613,6 +613,7 @@
 			 SCTLR_EL1_SA0  | SCTLR_EL1_SED  | SCTLR_ELx_I    |\
 			 SCTLR_EL1_DZE  | SCTLR_EL1_UCT                   |\
 			 SCTLR_EL1_NTWE | SCTLR_ELx_IESB | SCTLR_EL1_SPAN |\
+			 SCTLR_ELx_ITFSB| SCTLR_ELx_ATA  | SCTLR_EL1_ATA0 |\
 			 ENDIAN_SET_EL1 | SCTLR_EL1_UCI  | SCTLR_EL1_RES1)
 
 /* MAIR_ELx memory attributes (used by Linux) */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h
index 912162f73529..b8f41aa234ee 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h
@@ -74,6 +74,6 @@
 #define HWCAP2_DGH		(1 << 15)
 #define HWCAP2_RNG		(1 << 16)
 #define HWCAP2_BTI		(1 << 17)
-/* reserved for HWCAP2_MTE	(1 << 18) */
+#define HWCAP2_MTE		(1 << 18)
 
 #endif /* _UAPI__ASM_HWCAP_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
index 6424584be01e..fabc8a237223 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
@@ -227,6 +227,8 @@ static const struct arm64_ftr_bits ftr_id_aa64pfr0[] = {
 static const struct arm64_ftr_bits ftr_id_aa64pfr1[] = {
 	ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_HIDDEN, FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64PFR1_MPAMFRAC_SHIFT, 4, 0),
 	ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_HIDDEN, FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64PFR1_RASFRAC_SHIFT, 4, 0),
+	ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE_IF_IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM64_MTE),
+		       FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64PFR1_MTE_SHIFT, 4, ID_AA64PFR1_MTE_NI),
 	ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE, FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64PFR1_SSBS_SHIFT, 4, ID_AA64PFR1_SSBS_PSTATE_NI),
 	ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE_IF_IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM64_BTI),
 				    FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64PFR1_BT_SHIFT, 4, 0),
@@ -2121,6 +2123,18 @@ static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_features[] = {
 		.sign = FTR_UNSIGNED,
 	},
 #endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_MTE
+	{
+		.desc = "Memory Tagging Extension",
+		.capability = ARM64_MTE,
+		.type = ARM64_CPUCAP_STRICT_BOOT_CPU_FEATURE,
+		.matches = has_cpuid_feature,
+		.sys_reg = SYS_ID_AA64PFR1_EL1,
+		.field_pos = ID_AA64PFR1_MTE_SHIFT,
+		.min_field_value = ID_AA64PFR1_MTE,
+		.sign = FTR_UNSIGNED,
+	},
+#endif /* CONFIG_ARM64_MTE */
 	{},
 };
 
@@ -2237,6 +2251,9 @@ static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_elf_hwcaps[] = {
 	HWCAP_MULTI_CAP(ptr_auth_hwcap_addr_matches, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_PACA),
 	HWCAP_MULTI_CAP(ptr_auth_hwcap_gen_matches, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_PACG),
 #endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_MTE
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64PFR1_EL1, ID_AA64PFR1_MTE_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, ID_AA64PFR1_MTE, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_MTE),
+#endif /* CONFIG_ARM64_MTE */
 	{},
 };
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c
index d0076c2159e6..6104b87f021d 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c
@@ -93,7 +93,7 @@ static const char *const hwcap_str[] = {
 	"dgh",
 	"rng",
 	"bti",
-	/* reserved for "mte" */
+	"mte",
 	NULL
 };
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/proc.S b/arch/arm64/mm/proc.S
index 4817ed52e343..23c326a06b2d 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/proc.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/proc.S
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
 #include <asm/cpufeature.h>
 #include <asm/alternative.h>
 #include <asm/smp.h>
+#include <asm/sysreg.h>
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_64K_PAGES
 #define TCR_TG_FLAGS	TCR_TG0_64K | TCR_TG1_64K
@@ -425,6 +426,29 @@ SYM_FUNC_START(__cpu_setup)
 	 * Memory region attributes
 	 */
 	mov_q	x5, MAIR_EL1_SET
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_MTE
+	/*
+	 * Update MAIR_EL1, GCR_EL1 and TFSR*_EL1 if MTE is supported
+	 * (ID_AA64PFR1_EL1[11:8] > 1).
+	 */
+	mrs	x10, ID_AA64PFR1_EL1
+	ubfx	x10, x10, #ID_AA64PFR1_MTE_SHIFT, #4
+	cmp	x10, #ID_AA64PFR1_MTE
+	b.lt	1f
+
+	/* Normal Tagged memory type at the corresponding MAIR index */
+	mov	x10, #MAIR_ATTR_NORMAL_TAGGED
+	bfi	x5, x10, #(8 *  MT_NORMAL_TAGGED), #8
+
+	/* initialize GCR_EL1: all non-zero tags excluded by default */
+	mov	x10, #(SYS_GCR_EL1_RRND | SYS_GCR_EL1_EXCL_MASK)
+	msr_s	SYS_GCR_EL1, x10
+
+	/* clear any pending tag check faults in TFSR*_EL1 */
+	msr_s	SYS_TFSR_EL1, xzr
+	msr_s	SYS_TFSRE0_EL1, xzr
+1:
+#endif
 	msr	mair_el1, x5
 	/*
 	 * Set/prepare TCR and TTBR. We use 512GB (39-bit) address range for

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 04/29] arm64: kvm: mte: Hide the MTE CPUID information from the guests
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 03/29] arm64: mte: CPU feature detection and initial sysreg configuration Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:46   ` Marc Zyngier
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 05/29] arm64: mte: Add specific SIGSEGV codes Catalin Marinas
                   ` (24 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 1 reply; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton,
	Marc Zyngier, Steven Price

KVM does not support MTE in guests yet, so clear the corresponding field
in the ID_AA64PFR1_EL1 register. In addition, inject an undefined
exception in the guest if it accesses one of the GCR_EL1, RGSR_EL1,
TFSR_EL1 or TFSRE0_EL1 registers. While the emulate_sys_reg() function
already injects an undefined exception, this patch prevents the
unnecessary printk.

Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>
Cc: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
---

Notes:
    New in v9 (the ID register field hiding was moved here from an earlier
    patch).

 arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c | 16 ++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 16 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
index 077293b5115f..379f4969d0bd 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/sys_regs.c
@@ -1131,6 +1131,8 @@ static u64 read_id_reg(const struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
 		if (!vcpu_has_sve(vcpu))
 			val &= ~(0xfUL << ID_AA64PFR0_SVE_SHIFT);
 		val &= ~(0xfUL << ID_AA64PFR0_AMU_SHIFT);
+	} else if (id == SYS_ID_AA64PFR1_EL1) {
+		val &= ~(0xfUL << ID_AA64PFR1_MTE_SHIFT);
 	} else if (id == SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1 && !vcpu_has_ptrauth(vcpu)) {
 		val &= ~((0xfUL << ID_AA64ISAR1_APA_SHIFT) |
 			 (0xfUL << ID_AA64ISAR1_API_SHIFT) |
@@ -1382,6 +1384,13 @@ static bool access_ccsidr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct sys_reg_params *p,
 	return true;
 }
 
+static bool access_mte_regs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct sys_reg_params *p,
+			    const struct sys_reg_desc *r)
+{
+	kvm_inject_undefined(vcpu);
+	return false;
+}
+
 /* sys_reg_desc initialiser for known cpufeature ID registers */
 #define ID_SANITISED(name) {			\
 	SYS_DESC(SYS_##name),			\
@@ -1547,6 +1556,10 @@ static const struct sys_reg_desc sys_reg_descs[] = {
 	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_SCTLR_EL1), access_vm_reg, reset_val, SCTLR_EL1, 0x00C50078 },
 	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_ACTLR_EL1), access_actlr, reset_actlr, ACTLR_EL1 },
 	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_CPACR_EL1), NULL, reset_val, CPACR_EL1, 0 },
+
+	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_RGSR_EL1), access_mte_regs },
+	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_GCR_EL1), access_mte_regs },
+
 	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_ZCR_EL1), NULL, reset_val, ZCR_EL1, 0, .visibility = sve_visibility },
 	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_TTBR0_EL1), access_vm_reg, reset_unknown, TTBR0_EL1 },
 	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_TTBR1_EL1), access_vm_reg, reset_unknown, TTBR1_EL1 },
@@ -1571,6 +1584,9 @@ static const struct sys_reg_desc sys_reg_descs[] = {
 	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_ERXMISC0_EL1), trap_raz_wi },
 	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_ERXMISC1_EL1), trap_raz_wi },
 
+	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_TFSR_EL1), access_mte_regs },
+	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_TFSRE0_EL1), access_mte_regs },
+
 	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_FAR_EL1), access_vm_reg, reset_unknown, FAR_EL1 },
 	{ SYS_DESC(SYS_PAR_EL1), NULL, reset_unknown, PAR_EL1 },
 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 05/29] arm64: mte: Add specific SIGSEGV codes
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 04/29] arm64: kvm: mte: Hide the MTE CPUID information from the guests Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 06/29] arm64: mte: Handle synchronous and asynchronous tag check faults Catalin Marinas
                   ` (23 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton,
	Arnd Bergmann

From: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>

Add MTE-specific SIGSEGV codes to siginfo.h and update the x86
BUILD_BUG_ON(NSIGSEGV != 7) compile check.

Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
[catalin.marinas@arm.com: renamed precise/imprecise to sync/async]
[catalin.marinas@arm.com: dropped #ifdef __aarch64__, renumbered]
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Acked-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---

Notes:
    v3:
    - Fixed the BUILD_BUG_ON(NSIGSEGV != 7) on x86
    - Updated the commit log
    
    v2:
    - Dropped the #ifdef __aarch64__.
    - Renumbered the SEGV_MTE* values to avoid clash with ADI.

 arch/x86/kernel/signal_compat.c    | 2 +-
 include/uapi/asm-generic/siginfo.h | 4 +++-
 2 files changed, 4 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/signal_compat.c b/arch/x86/kernel/signal_compat.c
index 9ccbf0576cd0..a7f3e12cfbdb 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/signal_compat.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/signal_compat.c
@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@ static inline void signal_compat_build_tests(void)
 	 */
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(NSIGILL  != 11);
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(NSIGFPE  != 15);
-	BUILD_BUG_ON(NSIGSEGV != 7);
+	BUILD_BUG_ON(NSIGSEGV != 9);
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(NSIGBUS  != 5);
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(NSIGTRAP != 5);
 	BUILD_BUG_ON(NSIGCHLD != 6);
diff --git a/include/uapi/asm-generic/siginfo.h b/include/uapi/asm-generic/siginfo.h
index cb3d6c267181..7aacf9389010 100644
--- a/include/uapi/asm-generic/siginfo.h
+++ b/include/uapi/asm-generic/siginfo.h
@@ -229,7 +229,9 @@ typedef struct siginfo {
 #define SEGV_ACCADI	5	/* ADI not enabled for mapped object */
 #define SEGV_ADIDERR	6	/* Disrupting MCD error */
 #define SEGV_ADIPERR	7	/* Precise MCD exception */
-#define NSIGSEGV	7
+#define SEGV_MTEAERR	8	/* Asynchronous ARM MTE error */
+#define SEGV_MTESERR	9	/* Synchronous ARM MTE exception */
+#define NSIGSEGV	9
 
 /*
  * SIGBUS si_codes

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 06/29] arm64: mte: Handle synchronous and asynchronous tag check faults
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 05/29] arm64: mte: Add specific SIGSEGV codes Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 07/29] mm: Add PG_arch_2 page flag Catalin Marinas
                   ` (22 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

From: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>

The Memory Tagging Extension has two modes of notifying a tag check
fault at EL0, configurable through the SCTLR_EL1.TCF0 field:

1. Synchronous raising of a Data Abort exception with DFSC 17.
2. Asynchronous setting of a cumulative bit in TFSRE0_EL1.

Add the exception handler for the synchronous exception and handling of
the asynchronous TFSRE0_EL1.TF0 bit setting via a new TIF flag in
do_notify_resume().

On a tag check failure in user-space, whether synchronous or
asynchronous, a SIGSEGV will be raised on the faulting thread.

Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
Co-developed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---

Notes:
    v8:
    - print_pstate() shows the status of the TCO bit.
    
    v6:
    - Fix sparse warning on the 0 used as pointer.
    
    v4:
    - Use send_signal_fault() instead of fault_signal_inject() for
      asynchronous tag check faults as execution can continue even if this
      signal is masked.
    - Add DSB ISH prior to writing TFSRE0_EL1 in the clear_mte_async_tcf
      macro.
    - Move clear_mte_async_tcf just after returning to user since
      do_notify_resume() may still cause async tag faults via do_signal().
    
    v3:
    - Asynchronous tag check faults during the uaccess routines in the
      kernel are ignored.
    - Fix check_mte_async_tcf calling site as it expects the first argument
      to be the thread flags.
    - Move the mte_thread_switch() definition and call to a later patch as
      this became empty with the removal of async uaccess checking.
    - Add dsb() and clearing of TFSRE0_EL1 in flush_mte_state(), in case
      execve() triggered a asynchronous tag check fault.
    - Clear TIF_MTE_ASYNC_FAULT in arch_dup_task_struct() so that the child
      does not inherit any pending tag fault in the parent.
    
    v2:
    - Clear PSTATE.TCO on exception entry (automatically set by the hardware).
    - On syscall entry, for asynchronous tag check faults from user space,
      generate the signal early via syscall restarting.
    - Before context switch, save any potential async tag check fault
      generated by the kernel to the TIF flag (this follows an architecture
      update where the uaccess routines use the TCF0 mode).
    - Moved the flush_mte_state() and mte_thread_switch() function to a new
      mte.c file.

 arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h         | 23 +++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/thread_info.h |  4 ++-
 arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile           |  1 +
 arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S            | 37 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c              | 21 ++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/process.c          |  8 +++++-
 arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c           |  9 +++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c          | 10 ++++++++
 arch/arm64/mm/fault.c                |  9 ++++++-
 9 files changed, 119 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..a0bf310da74b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2020 ARM Ltd.
+ */
+#ifndef __ASM_MTE_H
+#define __ASM_MTE_H
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_MTE
+
+void flush_mte_state(void);
+
+#else
+
+static inline void flush_mte_state(void)
+{
+}
+
+#endif
+
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+#endif /* __ASM_MTE_H  */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/thread_info.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/thread_info.h
index 5e784e16ee89..1fbab854a51b 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/thread_info.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/thread_info.h
@@ -67,6 +67,7 @@ void arch_release_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk);
 #define TIF_FOREIGN_FPSTATE	3	/* CPU's FP state is not current's */
 #define TIF_UPROBE		4	/* uprobe breakpoint or singlestep */
 #define TIF_FSCHECK		5	/* Check FS is USER_DS on return */
+#define TIF_MTE_ASYNC_FAULT	6	/* MTE Asynchronous Tag Check Fault */
 #define TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE	8	/* syscall trace active */
 #define TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT	9	/* syscall auditing */
 #define TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT	10	/* syscall tracepoint for ftrace */
@@ -96,10 +97,11 @@ void arch_release_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk);
 #define _TIF_SINGLESTEP		(1 << TIF_SINGLESTEP)
 #define _TIF_32BIT		(1 << TIF_32BIT)
 #define _TIF_SVE		(1 << TIF_SVE)
+#define _TIF_MTE_ASYNC_FAULT	(1 << TIF_MTE_ASYNC_FAULT)
 
 #define _TIF_WORK_MASK		(_TIF_NEED_RESCHED | _TIF_SIGPENDING | \
 				 _TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME | _TIF_FOREIGN_FPSTATE | \
-				 _TIF_UPROBE | _TIF_FSCHECK)
+				 _TIF_UPROBE | _TIF_FSCHECK | _TIF_MTE_ASYNC_FAULT)
 
 #define _TIF_SYSCALL_WORK	(_TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE | _TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT | \
 				 _TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT | _TIF_SECCOMP | \
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile b/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile
index a561cbb91d4d..5fb9b728459b 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile
@@ -62,6 +62,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_SDE_INTERFACE)		+= sdei.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ARM64_SSBD)		+= ssbd.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ARM64_PTR_AUTH)		+= pointer_auth.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SHADOW_CALL_STACK)		+= scs.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_ARM64_MTE)			+= mte.o
 
 obj-y					+= vdso/ probes/
 obj-$(CONFIG_COMPAT_VDSO)		+= vdso32/
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S
index 55af8b504b65..ff34461524d4 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S
@@ -149,6 +149,32 @@ alternative_cb_end
 #endif
 	.endm
 
+	/* Check for MTE asynchronous tag check faults */
+	.macro check_mte_async_tcf, flgs, tmp
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_MTE
+alternative_if_not ARM64_MTE
+	b	1f
+alternative_else_nop_endif
+	mrs_s	\tmp, SYS_TFSRE0_EL1
+	tbz	\tmp, #SYS_TFSR_EL1_TF0_SHIFT, 1f
+	/* Asynchronous TCF occurred for TTBR0 access, set the TI flag */
+	orr	\flgs, \flgs, #_TIF_MTE_ASYNC_FAULT
+	str	\flgs, [tsk, #TSK_TI_FLAGS]
+	msr_s	SYS_TFSRE0_EL1, xzr
+1:
+#endif
+	.endm
+
+	/* Clear the MTE asynchronous tag check faults */
+	.macro clear_mte_async_tcf
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_MTE
+alternative_if ARM64_MTE
+	dsb	ish
+	msr_s	SYS_TFSRE0_EL1, xzr
+alternative_else_nop_endif
+#endif
+	.endm
+
 	.macro	kernel_entry, el, regsize = 64
 	.if	\regsize == 32
 	mov	w0, w0				// zero upper 32 bits of x0
@@ -182,6 +208,8 @@ alternative_cb_end
 	ldr	x19, [tsk, #TSK_TI_FLAGS]
 	disable_step_tsk x19, x20
 
+	/* Check for asynchronous tag check faults in user space */
+	check_mte_async_tcf x19, x22
 	apply_ssbd 1, x22, x23
 
 	ptrauth_keys_install_kernel tsk, x20, x22, x23
@@ -233,6 +261,13 @@ alternative_if ARM64_HAS_IRQ_PRIO_MASKING
 	str	x20, [sp, #S_PMR_SAVE]
 alternative_else_nop_endif
 
+	/* Re-enable tag checking (TCO set on exception entry) */
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_MTE
+alternative_if ARM64_MTE
+	SET_PSTATE_TCO(0)
+alternative_else_nop_endif
+#endif
+
 	/*
 	 * Registers that may be useful after this macro is invoked:
 	 *
@@ -744,6 +779,8 @@ SYM_CODE_START_LOCAL(ret_to_user)
 	and	x2, x1, #_TIF_WORK_MASK
 	cbnz	x2, work_pending
 finish_ret_to_user:
+	/* Ignore asynchronous tag check faults in the uaccess routines */
+	clear_mte_async_tcf
 	enable_step_tsk x1, x2
 #ifdef CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK
 	bl	stackleak_erase
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..032016823957
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
@@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2020 ARM Ltd.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/thread_info.h>
+
+#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
+#include <asm/mte.h>
+#include <asm/sysreg.h>
+
+void flush_mte_state(void)
+{
+	if (!system_supports_mte())
+		return;
+
+	/* clear any pending asynchronous tag fault */
+	dsb(ish);
+	write_sysreg_s(0, SYS_TFSRE0_EL1);
+	clear_thread_flag(TIF_MTE_ASYNC_FAULT);
+}
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
index f1804496b935..a49028efab68 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
@@ -52,6 +52,7 @@
 #include <asm/exec.h>
 #include <asm/fpsimd.h>
 #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
+#include <asm/mte.h>
 #include <asm/processor.h>
 #include <asm/pointer_auth.h>
 #include <asm/stacktrace.h>
@@ -239,7 +240,7 @@ static void print_pstate(struct pt_regs *regs)
 		const char *btype_str = btypes[(pstate & PSR_BTYPE_MASK) >>
 					       PSR_BTYPE_SHIFT];
 
-		printk("pstate: %08llx (%c%c%c%c %c%c%c%c %cPAN %cUAO BTYPE=%s)\n",
+		printk("pstate: %08llx (%c%c%c%c %c%c%c%c %cPAN %cUAO %cTCO BTYPE=%s)\n",
 			pstate,
 			pstate & PSR_N_BIT ? 'N' : 'n',
 			pstate & PSR_Z_BIT ? 'Z' : 'z',
@@ -251,6 +252,7 @@ static void print_pstate(struct pt_regs *regs)
 			pstate & PSR_F_BIT ? 'F' : 'f',
 			pstate & PSR_PAN_BIT ? '+' : '-',
 			pstate & PSR_UAO_BIT ? '+' : '-',
+			pstate & PSR_TCO_BIT ? '+' : '-',
 			btype_str);
 	}
 }
@@ -336,6 +338,7 @@ void flush_thread(void)
 	tls_thread_flush();
 	flush_ptrace_hw_breakpoint(current);
 	flush_tagged_addr_state();
+	flush_mte_state();
 }
 
 void release_thread(struct task_struct *dead_task)
@@ -368,6 +371,9 @@ int arch_dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *dst, struct task_struct *src)
 	dst->thread.sve_state = NULL;
 	clear_tsk_thread_flag(dst, TIF_SVE);
 
+	/* clear any pending asynchronous tag fault raised by the parent */
+	clear_tsk_thread_flag(dst, TIF_MTE_ASYNC_FAULT);
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c
index 3b4f31f35e45..b27e87572ce3 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/signal.c
@@ -748,6 +748,9 @@ static void setup_return(struct pt_regs *regs, struct k_sigaction *ka,
 		regs->pstate |= PSR_BTYPE_C;
 	}
 
+	/* TCO (Tag Check Override) always cleared for signal handlers */
+	regs->pstate &= ~PSR_TCO_BIT;
+
 	if (ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_RESTORER)
 		sigtramp = ka->sa.sa_restorer;
 	else
@@ -932,6 +935,12 @@ asmlinkage void do_notify_resume(struct pt_regs *regs,
 			if (thread_flags & _TIF_UPROBE)
 				uprobe_notify_resume(regs);
 
+			if (thread_flags & _TIF_MTE_ASYNC_FAULT) {
+				clear_thread_flag(TIF_MTE_ASYNC_FAULT);
+				send_sig_fault(SIGSEGV, SEGV_MTEAERR,
+					       (void __user *)NULL, current);
+			}
+
 			if (thread_flags & _TIF_SIGPENDING)
 				do_signal(regs);
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c
index 5f0c04863d2c..e4c0dadf0d92 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c
@@ -123,6 +123,16 @@ static void el0_svc_common(struct pt_regs *regs, int scno, int sc_nr,
 	local_daif_restore(DAIF_PROCCTX);
 	user_exit();
 
+	if (system_supports_mte() && (flags & _TIF_MTE_ASYNC_FAULT)) {
+		/*
+		 * Process the asynchronous tag check fault before the actual
+		 * syscall. do_notify_resume() will send a signal to userspace
+		 * before the syscall is restarted.
+		 */
+		regs->regs[0] = -ERESTARTNOINTR;
+		return;
+	}
+
 	if (has_syscall_work(flags)) {
 		/*
 		 * The de-facto standard way to skip a system call using ptrace
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c b/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
index f07333e86c2f..a3bd189602df 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
@@ -641,6 +641,13 @@ static int do_sea(unsigned long addr, unsigned int esr, struct pt_regs *regs)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static int do_tag_check_fault(unsigned long addr, unsigned int esr,
+			      struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	do_bad_area(addr, esr, regs);
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static const struct fault_info fault_info[] = {
 	{ do_bad,		SIGKILL, SI_KERNEL,	"ttbr address size fault"	},
 	{ do_bad,		SIGKILL, SI_KERNEL,	"level 1 address size fault"	},
@@ -659,7 +666,7 @@ static const struct fault_info fault_info[] = {
 	{ do_page_fault,	SIGSEGV, SEGV_ACCERR,	"level 2 permission fault"	},
 	{ do_page_fault,	SIGSEGV, SEGV_ACCERR,	"level 3 permission fault"	},
 	{ do_sea,		SIGBUS,  BUS_OBJERR,	"synchronous external abort"	},
-	{ do_bad,		SIGKILL, SI_KERNEL,	"unknown 17"			},
+	{ do_tag_check_fault,	SIGSEGV, SEGV_MTESERR,	"synchronous tag check fault"	},
 	{ do_bad,		SIGKILL, SI_KERNEL,	"unknown 18"			},
 	{ do_bad,		SIGKILL, SI_KERNEL,	"unknown 19"			},
 	{ do_sea,		SIGKILL, SI_KERNEL,	"level 0 (translation table walk)"	},

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 07/29] mm: Add PG_arch_2 page flag
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 06/29] arm64: mte: Handle synchronous and asynchronous tag check faults Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 08/29] mm: Preserve the PG_arch_2 flag in __split_huge_page_tail() Catalin Marinas
                   ` (21 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton,
	Steven Price

From: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>

For arm64 MTE support it is necessary to be able to mark pages that
contain user space visible tags that will need to be saved/restored e.g.
when swapped out.

To support this add a new arch specific flag (PG_arch_2). This flag is
only available on 64-bit architectures due to the limited number of
spare page flags on the 32-bit ones.

Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
[catalin.marinas@arm.com: use CONFIG_64BIT for guarding this new flag]
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---

Notes:
    v6:
    - Using CONFIG_64BIT instead of a new CONFIG_ARCH_USES_PG_ARCH_2 option.
    
    New in v4.

 fs/proc/page.c                    | 3 +++
 include/linux/kernel-page-flags.h | 1 +
 include/linux/page-flags.h        | 3 +++
 include/trace/events/mmflags.h    | 9 ++++++++-
 tools/vm/page-types.c             | 2 ++
 5 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/fs/proc/page.c b/fs/proc/page.c
index f909243d4a66..9f1077d94cde 100644
--- a/fs/proc/page.c
+++ b/fs/proc/page.c
@@ -217,6 +217,9 @@ u64 stable_page_flags(struct page *page)
 	u |= kpf_copy_bit(k, KPF_PRIVATE_2,	PG_private_2);
 	u |= kpf_copy_bit(k, KPF_OWNER_PRIVATE,	PG_owner_priv_1);
 	u |= kpf_copy_bit(k, KPF_ARCH,		PG_arch_1);
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+	u |= kpf_copy_bit(k, KPF_ARCH_2,	PG_arch_2);
+#endif
 
 	return u;
 };
diff --git a/include/linux/kernel-page-flags.h b/include/linux/kernel-page-flags.h
index abd20ef93c98..eee1877a354e 100644
--- a/include/linux/kernel-page-flags.h
+++ b/include/linux/kernel-page-flags.h
@@ -17,5 +17,6 @@
 #define KPF_ARCH		38
 #define KPF_UNCACHED		39
 #define KPF_SOFTDIRTY		40
+#define KPF_ARCH_2		41
 
 #endif /* LINUX_KERNEL_PAGE_FLAGS_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags.h b/include/linux/page-flags.h
index 6be1aa559b1e..276140c94f4a 100644
--- a/include/linux/page-flags.h
+++ b/include/linux/page-flags.h
@@ -135,6 +135,9 @@ enum pageflags {
 #if defined(CONFIG_IDLE_PAGE_TRACKING) && defined(CONFIG_64BIT)
 	PG_young,
 	PG_idle,
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+	PG_arch_2,
 #endif
 	__NR_PAGEFLAGS,
 
diff --git a/include/trace/events/mmflags.h b/include/trace/events/mmflags.h
index 5fb752034386..67018d367b9f 100644
--- a/include/trace/events/mmflags.h
+++ b/include/trace/events/mmflags.h
@@ -79,6 +79,12 @@
 #define IF_HAVE_PG_IDLE(flag,string)
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+#define IF_HAVE_PG_ARCH_2(flag,string) ,{1UL << flag, string}
+#else
+#define IF_HAVE_PG_ARCH_2(flag,string)
+#endif
+
 #define __def_pageflag_names						\
 	{1UL << PG_locked,		"locked"	},		\
 	{1UL << PG_waiters,		"waiters"	},		\
@@ -105,7 +111,8 @@ IF_HAVE_PG_MLOCK(PG_mlocked,		"mlocked"	)		\
 IF_HAVE_PG_UNCACHED(PG_uncached,	"uncached"	)		\
 IF_HAVE_PG_HWPOISON(PG_hwpoison,	"hwpoison"	)		\
 IF_HAVE_PG_IDLE(PG_young,		"young"		)		\
-IF_HAVE_PG_IDLE(PG_idle,		"idle"		)
+IF_HAVE_PG_IDLE(PG_idle,		"idle"		)		\
+IF_HAVE_PG_ARCH_2(PG_arch_2,		"arch_2"	)
 
 #define show_page_flags(flags)						\
 	(flags) ? __print_flags(flags, "|",				\
diff --git a/tools/vm/page-types.c b/tools/vm/page-types.c
index 58c0eab71bca..0517c744b04e 100644
--- a/tools/vm/page-types.c
+++ b/tools/vm/page-types.c
@@ -78,6 +78,7 @@
 #define KPF_ARCH		38
 #define KPF_UNCACHED		39
 #define KPF_SOFTDIRTY		40
+#define KPF_ARCH_2		41
 
 /* [48-] take some arbitrary free slots for expanding overloaded flags
  * not part of kernel API
@@ -135,6 +136,7 @@ static const char * const page_flag_names[] = {
 	[KPF_ARCH]		= "h:arch",
 	[KPF_UNCACHED]		= "c:uncached",
 	[KPF_SOFTDIRTY]		= "f:softdirty",
+	[KPF_ARCH_2]		= "H:arch_2",
 
 	[KPF_READAHEAD]		= "I:readahead",
 	[KPF_SLOB_FREE]		= "P:slob_free",

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 08/29] mm: Preserve the PG_arch_2 flag in __split_huge_page_tail()
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (6 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 07/29] mm: Add PG_arch_2 page flag Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 09/29] arm64: mte: Clear the tags when a page is mapped in user-space with PROT_MTE Catalin Marinas
                   ` (20 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

When a huge page is split into normal pages, part of the head page flags
are transferred to the tail pages. However, the PG_arch_* flags are not
part of the preserved set.

PG_arch_2 is used by the arm64 MTE support to mark pages that have valid
tags. The absence of such flag would cause the arm64 set_pte_at() to
clear the tags in order to avoid stale tags exposed to user or the
swapping out hooks to ignore the tags. Not preserving PG_arch_2 on huge
page splitting leads to tag corruption in the tail pages.

Preserve the newly added PG_arch_2 flag in __split_huge_page_tail().

Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---

Notes:
    v7:
    - Only preserve PG_arch_2 in __split_huge_page_tail(). The PG_arch_1
      flag will be discussed separately as it may potentially impact s390
      and x86.
    
    New in v6.

 mm/huge_memory.c | 3 +++
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)

diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
index 2ccff8472cd4..1a5773c95f53 100644
--- a/mm/huge_memory.c
+++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
@@ -2337,6 +2337,9 @@ static void __split_huge_page_tail(struct page *head, int tail,
 			 (1L << PG_workingset) |
 			 (1L << PG_locked) |
 			 (1L << PG_unevictable) |
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+			 (1L << PG_arch_2) |
+#endif
 			 (1L << PG_dirty)));
 
 	/* ->mapping in first tail page is compound_mapcount */

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 09/29] arm64: mte: Clear the tags when a page is mapped in user-space with PROT_MTE
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (7 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 08/29] mm: Preserve the PG_arch_2 flag in __split_huge_page_tail() Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-10 10:23   ` Steven Price
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 10/29] arm64: mte: Tags-aware copy_{user_,}highpage() implementations Catalin Marinas
                   ` (19 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 1 reply; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton,
	Steven Price

Pages allocated by the kernel are not guaranteed to have the tags
zeroed, especially as the kernel does not (yet) use MTE itself. To
ensure the user can still access such pages when mapped into its address
space, clear the tags via set_pte_at(). A new page flag - PG_mte_tagged
(PG_arch_2) - is used to track pages with valid allocation tags.

Since the zero page is mapped as pte_special(), it won't be covered by
the above set_pte_at() mechanism. Clear its tags during early MTE
initialisation.

Co-developed-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---

Notes:
    v8:
    - Introduce the cpu_enable_mte() function in this patch as it was no
      longer present in the previous ones.
    
    v5:
    - Fix the handling of compound pages. Previously, set_pte_at() could
      have erased already valid tags if the first page in a compound one
      did not have the PG_mte_tagged flag set.
    - Move the multi_tag_transfer_size macro from assembler.h to mte.S.
    - Ignore pte_special() mappings and clear the tags in the zero page
      separately (since it's mapped as a special pte).
    - Clearing the tags of the zero page was moved to this patch from an
      earlier one since mte_clear_page_tags() was not available.
    
    New in v4. Replacing a previous page zeroing the tags in clear_page().

 arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h     | 16 +++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h |  7 +++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c   | 18 +++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c          | 14 +++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/lib/Makefile          |  2 ++
 arch/arm64/lib/mte.S             | 34 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 6 files changed, 91 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/lib/mte.S

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
index a0bf310da74b..1716b3d02489 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
@@ -7,12 +7,28 @@
 
 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
 
+#include <linux/page-flags.h>
+
+#include <asm/pgtable-types.h>
+
+void mte_clear_page_tags(void *addr);
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_MTE
 
+/* track which pages have valid allocation tags */
+#define PG_mte_tagged	PG_arch_2
+
+void mte_sync_tags(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte);
 void flush_mte_state(void);
 
 #else
 
+/* unused if !CONFIG_ARM64_MTE, silence the compiler */
+#define PG_mte_tagged	0
+
+static inline void mte_sync_tags(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte)
+{
+}
 static inline void flush_mte_state(void)
 {
 }
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
index d5d3fbe73953..0a205a8e91b2 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
 #include <asm/proc-fns.h>
 
 #include <asm/memory.h>
+#include <asm/mte.h>
 #include <asm/pgtable-hwdef.h>
 #include <asm/pgtable-prot.h>
 #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
@@ -90,6 +91,8 @@ extern unsigned long empty_zero_page[PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(unsigned long)];
 #define pte_user_exec(pte)	(!(pte_val(pte) & PTE_UXN))
 #define pte_cont(pte)		(!!(pte_val(pte) & PTE_CONT))
 #define pte_devmap(pte)		(!!(pte_val(pte) & PTE_DEVMAP))
+#define pte_tagged(pte)		((pte_val(pte) & PTE_ATTRINDX_MASK) == \
+				 PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL_TAGGED))
 
 #define pte_cont_addr_end(addr, end)						\
 ({	unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + CONT_PTE_SIZE) & CONT_PTE_MASK;	\
@@ -284,6 +287,10 @@ static inline void set_pte_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
 	if (pte_present(pte) && pte_user_exec(pte) && !pte_special(pte))
 		__sync_icache_dcache(pte);
 
+	if (system_supports_mte() &&
+	    pte_present(pte) && pte_tagged(pte) && !pte_special(pte))
+		mte_sync_tags(ptep, pte);
+
 	__check_racy_pte_update(mm, ptep, pte);
 
 	set_pte(ptep, pte);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
index fabc8a237223..add9da5d8ea3 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
@@ -75,6 +75,7 @@
 #include <asm/cpu_ops.h>
 #include <asm/fpsimd.h>
 #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
+#include <asm/mte.h>
 #include <asm/processor.h>
 #include <asm/sysreg.h>
 #include <asm/traps.h>
@@ -1704,6 +1705,22 @@ static void bti_enable(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *__unused)
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_ARM64_BTI */
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_MTE
+static void cpu_enable_mte(struct arm64_cpu_capabilities const *cap)
+{
+	static bool cleared_zero_page = false;
+
+	/*
+	 * Clear the tags in the zero page. This needs to be done via the
+	 * linear map which has the Tagged attribute.
+	 */
+	if (!cleared_zero_page) {
+		cleared_zero_page = true;
+		mte_clear_page_tags(lm_alias(empty_zero_page));
+	}
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_ARM64_MTE */
+
 /* Internal helper functions to match cpu capability type */
 static bool
 cpucap_late_cpu_optional(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *cap)
@@ -2133,6 +2150,7 @@ static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_features[] = {
 		.field_pos = ID_AA64PFR1_MTE_SHIFT,
 		.min_field_value = ID_AA64PFR1_MTE,
 		.sign = FTR_UNSIGNED,
+		.cpu_enable = cpu_enable_mte,
 	},
 #endif /* CONFIG_ARM64_MTE */
 	{},
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
index 032016823957..5bf9bbed5a25 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
@@ -3,12 +3,26 @@
  * Copyright (C) 2020 ARM Ltd.
  */
 
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
 #include <linux/thread_info.h>
 
 #include <asm/cpufeature.h>
 #include <asm/mte.h>
 #include <asm/sysreg.h>
 
+void mte_sync_tags(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte)
+{
+	struct page *page = pte_page(pte);
+	long i, nr_pages = compound_nr(page);
+
+	/* if PG_mte_tagged is set, tags have already been initialised */
+	for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++, page++) {
+		if (!test_and_set_bit(PG_mte_tagged, &page->flags))
+			mte_clear_page_tags(page_address(page));
+	}
+}
+
 void flush_mte_state(void)
 {
 	if (!system_supports_mte())
diff --git a/arch/arm64/lib/Makefile b/arch/arm64/lib/Makefile
index 2fc253466dbf..d31e1169d9b8 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/lib/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm64/lib/Makefile
@@ -16,3 +16,5 @@ lib-$(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_UACCESS_FLUSHCACHE) += uaccess_flushcache.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_CRC32) += crc32.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_FUNCTION_ERROR_INJECTION) += error-inject.o
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_ARM64_MTE) += mte.o
diff --git a/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S b/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..a36705640086
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2020 ARM Ltd.
+ */
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+
+#include <asm/assembler.h>
+#include <asm/sysreg.h>
+
+	.arch	armv8.5-a+memtag
+
+/*
+ * multitag_transfer_size - set \reg to the block size that is accessed by the
+ * LDGM/STGM instructions.
+ */
+	.macro	multitag_transfer_size, reg, tmp
+	mrs_s	\reg, SYS_GMID_EL1
+	ubfx	\reg, \reg, #SYS_GMID_EL1_BS_SHIFT, #SYS_GMID_EL1_BS_SIZE
+	mov	\tmp, #4
+	lsl	\reg, \tmp, \reg
+	.endm
+
+/*
+ * Clear the tags in a page
+ *   x0 - address of the page to be cleared
+ */
+SYM_FUNC_START(mte_clear_page_tags)
+	multitag_transfer_size x1, x2
+1:	stgm	xzr, [x0]
+	add	x0, x0, x1
+	tst	x0, #(PAGE_SIZE - 1)
+	b.ne	1b
+	ret
+SYM_FUNC_END(mte_clear_page_tags)

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 10/29] arm64: mte: Tags-aware copy_{user_,}highpage() implementations
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (8 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 09/29] arm64: mte: Clear the tags when a page is mapped in user-space with PROT_MTE Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 11/29] arm64: Avoid unnecessary clear_user_page() indirection Catalin Marinas
                   ` (18 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

From: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>

When the Memory Tagging Extension is enabled, the tags need to be
preserved across page copy (e.g. for copy-on-write, page migration).

Introduce MTE-aware copy_{user_,}highpage() functions to copy tags to
the destination if the source page has the PG_mte_tagged flag set.
copy_user_page() does not need to handle tag copying since, with this
patch, it is only called by the DAX code where there is no source page
structure (and no source tags).

Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
Co-developed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---

Notes:
    v5:
    - Handle tags in copy_highpage() (previously only copy_user_highpage()).
    - Ignore tags in copy_user_page() since it is only called directly by
      the DAX code where there is no source page structure.
    - Fix missing ret in mte_copy_page_tags().
    
    v4:
    - Moved the tag copying to a separate function in mte.S and only called
      if the source page has the PG_mte_tagged flag set.

 arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h  |  4 ++++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/page.h | 14 +++++++++++---
 arch/arm64/lib/mte.S          | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/mm/copypage.c      | 25 +++++++++++++++++++++----
 4 files changed, 55 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
index 1716b3d02489..b2577eee62c2 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@ void mte_clear_page_tags(void *addr);
 #define PG_mte_tagged	PG_arch_2
 
 void mte_sync_tags(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte);
+void mte_copy_page_tags(void *kto, const void *kfrom);
 void flush_mte_state(void);
 
 #else
@@ -29,6 +30,9 @@ void flush_mte_state(void);
 static inline void mte_sync_tags(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte)
 {
 }
+static inline void mte_copy_page_tags(void *kto, const void *kfrom)
+{
+}
 static inline void flush_mte_state(void)
 {
 }
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/page.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/page.h
index c01b52add377..11734ce29702 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/page.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/page.h
@@ -15,18 +15,26 @@
 #include <linux/personality.h> /* for READ_IMPLIES_EXEC */
 #include <asm/pgtable-types.h>
 
+struct page;
+struct vm_area_struct;
+
 extern void __cpu_clear_user_page(void *p, unsigned long user);
-extern void __cpu_copy_user_page(void *to, const void *from,
-				 unsigned long user);
 extern void copy_page(void *to, const void *from);
 extern void clear_page(void *to);
 
+void copy_user_highpage(struct page *to, struct page *from,
+			unsigned long vaddr, struct vm_area_struct *vma);
+#define __HAVE_ARCH_COPY_USER_HIGHPAGE
+
+void copy_highpage(struct page *to, struct page *from);
+#define __HAVE_ARCH_COPY_HIGHPAGE
+
 #define __alloc_zeroed_user_highpage(movableflags, vma, vaddr) \
 	alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER | __GFP_ZERO | movableflags, vma, vaddr)
 #define __HAVE_ARCH_ALLOC_ZEROED_USER_HIGHPAGE
 
 #define clear_user_page(addr,vaddr,pg)  __cpu_clear_user_page(addr, vaddr)
-#define copy_user_page(to,from,vaddr,pg) __cpu_copy_user_page(to, from, vaddr)
+#define copy_user_page(to, from, vaddr, pg)	copy_page(to, from)
 
 typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S b/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S
index a36705640086..3c3d0edbbca3 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
 #include <linux/linkage.h>
 
 #include <asm/assembler.h>
+#include <asm/page.h>
 #include <asm/sysreg.h>
 
 	.arch	armv8.5-a+memtag
@@ -32,3 +33,21 @@ SYM_FUNC_START(mte_clear_page_tags)
 	b.ne	1b
 	ret
 SYM_FUNC_END(mte_clear_page_tags)
+
+/*
+ * Copy the tags from the source page to the destination one
+ *   x0 - address of the destination page
+ *   x1 - address of the source page
+ */
+SYM_FUNC_START(mte_copy_page_tags)
+	mov	x2, x0
+	mov	x3, x1
+	multitag_transfer_size x5, x6
+1:	ldgm	x4, [x3]
+	stgm	x4, [x2]
+	add	x2, x2, x5
+	add	x3, x3, x5
+	tst	x2, #(PAGE_SIZE - 1)
+	b.ne	1b
+	ret
+SYM_FUNC_END(mte_copy_page_tags)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/copypage.c b/arch/arm64/mm/copypage.c
index 2ee7b73433a5..4a2233fa674e 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/copypage.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/copypage.c
@@ -6,18 +6,35 @@
  * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
  */
 
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
 #include <linux/mm.h>
 
 #include <asm/page.h>
 #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
+#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
+#include <asm/mte.h>
 
-void __cpu_copy_user_page(void *kto, const void *kfrom, unsigned long vaddr)
+void copy_highpage(struct page *to, struct page *from)
 {
-	struct page *page = virt_to_page(kto);
+	struct page *kto = page_address(to);
+	struct page *kfrom = page_address(from);
+
 	copy_page(kto, kfrom);
-	flush_dcache_page(page);
+
+	if (system_supports_mte() && test_bit(PG_mte_tagged, &from->flags)) {
+		set_bit(PG_mte_tagged, &to->flags);
+		mte_copy_page_tags(kto, kfrom);
+	}
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(copy_highpage);
+
+void copy_user_highpage(struct page *to, struct page *from,
+			unsigned long vaddr, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+	copy_highpage(to, from);
+	flush_dcache_page(to);
 }
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__cpu_copy_user_page);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(copy_user_highpage);
 
 void __cpu_clear_user_page(void *kaddr, unsigned long vaddr)
 {

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 11/29] arm64: Avoid unnecessary clear_user_page() indirection
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (9 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 10/29] arm64: mte: Tags-aware copy_{user_,}highpage() implementations Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 12/29] arm64: mte: Tags-aware aware memcmp_pages() implementation Catalin Marinas
                   ` (17 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

Since clear_user_page() calls clear_page() directly, avoid the
unnecessary indirection.

Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---

Notes:
    New in v5.

 arch/arm64/include/asm/page.h | 3 +--
 arch/arm64/mm/copypage.c      | 6 ------
 2 files changed, 1 insertion(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/page.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/page.h
index 11734ce29702..d918cb1d83a6 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/page.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/page.h
@@ -18,7 +18,6 @@
 struct page;
 struct vm_area_struct;
 
-extern void __cpu_clear_user_page(void *p, unsigned long user);
 extern void copy_page(void *to, const void *from);
 extern void clear_page(void *to);
 
@@ -33,7 +32,7 @@ void copy_highpage(struct page *to, struct page *from);
 	alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER | __GFP_ZERO | movableflags, vma, vaddr)
 #define __HAVE_ARCH_ALLOC_ZEROED_USER_HIGHPAGE
 
-#define clear_user_page(addr,vaddr,pg)  __cpu_clear_user_page(addr, vaddr)
+#define clear_user_page(page, vaddr, pg)	clear_page(page)
 #define copy_user_page(to, from, vaddr, pg)	copy_page(to, from)
 
 typedef struct page *pgtable_t;
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/copypage.c b/arch/arm64/mm/copypage.c
index 4a2233fa674e..70a71f38b6a9 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/copypage.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/copypage.c
@@ -35,9 +35,3 @@ void copy_user_highpage(struct page *to, struct page *from,
 	flush_dcache_page(to);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(copy_user_highpage);
-
-void __cpu_clear_user_page(void *kaddr, unsigned long vaddr)
-{
-	clear_page(kaddr);
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__cpu_clear_user_page);

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 12/29] arm64: mte: Tags-aware aware memcmp_pages() implementation
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (10 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 11/29] arm64: Avoid unnecessary clear_user_page() indirection Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 13/29] mm: Introduce arch_calc_vm_flag_bits() Catalin Marinas
                   ` (16 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

When the Memory Tagging Extension is enabled, two pages are identical
only if both their data and tags are identical.

Make the generic memcmp_pages() a __weak function and add an
arm64-specific implementation which returns non-zero if any of the two
pages contain valid MTE tags (PG_mte_tagged set). There isn't much
benefit in comparing the tags of two pages since these are normally used
for heap allocations and likely to differ anyway.

Co-developed-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---

Notes:
    v4:
    - Remove page tag comparison. This is not very useful to detect
      identical pages as long as set_pte_at() can zero the tags on a page
      without copy-on-write if mapped with PROT_MTE. This can be improved
      if a real case appears but it's unlikely for heap pages to be
      identical across multiple processes.
    - Move the memcmp_pages() function to mte.c.

 arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 mm/util.c               |  2 +-
 2 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
index 5bf9bbed5a25..5f54fd140610 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
 
 #include <linux/bitops.h>
 #include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
 #include <linux/thread_info.h>
 
 #include <asm/cpufeature.h>
@@ -23,6 +24,31 @@ void mte_sync_tags(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte)
 	}
 }
 
+int memcmp_pages(struct page *page1, struct page *page2)
+{
+	char *addr1, *addr2;
+	int ret;
+
+	addr1 = page_address(page1);
+	addr2 = page_address(page2);
+	ret = memcmp(addr1, addr2, PAGE_SIZE);
+
+	if (!system_supports_mte() || ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	/*
+	 * If the page content is identical but at least one of the pages is
+	 * tagged, return non-zero to avoid KSM merging. If only one of the
+	 * pages is tagged, set_pte_at() may zero or change the tags of the
+	 * other page via mte_sync_tags().
+	 */
+	if (test_bit(PG_mte_tagged, &page1->flags) ||
+	    test_bit(PG_mte_tagged, &page2->flags))
+		return addr1 != addr2;
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
 void flush_mte_state(void)
 {
 	if (!system_supports_mte())
diff --git a/mm/util.c b/mm/util.c
index 5ef378a2a038..4e21fe7eae27 100644
--- a/mm/util.c
+++ b/mm/util.c
@@ -957,7 +957,7 @@ int get_cmdline(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer, int buflen)
 	return res;
 }
 
-int memcmp_pages(struct page *page1, struct page *page2)
+int __weak memcmp_pages(struct page *page1, struct page *page2)
 {
 	char *addr1, *addr2;
 	int ret;

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 13/29] mm: Introduce arch_calc_vm_flag_bits()
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (11 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 12/29] arm64: mte: Tags-aware aware memcmp_pages() implementation Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 14/29] arm64: mte: Add PROT_MTE support to mmap() and mprotect() Catalin Marinas
                   ` (15 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton,
	Kevin Brodsky

From: Kevin Brodsky <Kevin.Brodsky@arm.com>

Similarly to arch_calc_vm_prot_bits(), introduce a dummy
arch_calc_vm_flag_bits() invoked from calc_vm_flag_bits(). This macro
can be overridden by architectures to insert specific VM_* flags derived
from the mmap() MAP_* flags.

Signed-off-by: Kevin Brodsky <Kevin.Brodsky@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---

Notes:
    v6:
    - Added comment on where the arch code should define overriding arch_*
      macros (asm/mman.h).
    
    v2:
    - Updated the comment above arch_calc_vm_prot_bits().
    - Changed author since this patch had already been posted (internally).

 include/linux/mman.h | 10 ++++++++--
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/mman.h b/include/linux/mman.h
index 6f34c33075f9..6fa15c9b12af 100644
--- a/include/linux/mman.h
+++ b/include/linux/mman.h
@@ -78,13 +78,18 @@ static inline void vm_unacct_memory(long pages)
 }
 
 /*
- * Allow architectures to handle additional protection bits
+ * Allow architectures to handle additional protection and flag bits. The
+ * overriding macros must be defined in the arch-specific asm/mman.h file.
  */
 
 #ifndef arch_calc_vm_prot_bits
 #define arch_calc_vm_prot_bits(prot, pkey) 0
 #endif
 
+#ifndef arch_calc_vm_flag_bits
+#define arch_calc_vm_flag_bits(flags) 0
+#endif
+
 #ifndef arch_vm_get_page_prot
 #define arch_vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags) __pgprot(0)
 #endif
@@ -135,7 +140,8 @@ calc_vm_flag_bits(unsigned long flags)
 	return _calc_vm_trans(flags, MAP_GROWSDOWN,  VM_GROWSDOWN ) |
 	       _calc_vm_trans(flags, MAP_DENYWRITE,  VM_DENYWRITE ) |
 	       _calc_vm_trans(flags, MAP_LOCKED,     VM_LOCKED    ) |
-	       _calc_vm_trans(flags, MAP_SYNC,	     VM_SYNC      );
+	       _calc_vm_trans(flags, MAP_SYNC,	     VM_SYNC      ) |
+	       arch_calc_vm_flag_bits(flags);
 }
 
 unsigned long vm_commit_limit(void);

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 14/29] arm64: mte: Add PROT_MTE support to mmap() and mprotect()
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (12 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 13/29] mm: Introduce arch_calc_vm_flag_bits() Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 15/29] mm: Introduce arch_validate_flags() Catalin Marinas
                   ` (14 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

To enable tagging on a memory range, the user must explicitly opt in via
a new PROT_MTE flag passed to mmap() or mprotect(). Since this is a new
memory type in the AttrIndx field of a pte, simplify the or'ing of these
bits over the protection_map[] attributes by making MT_NORMAL index 0.

There are two conditions for arch_vm_get_page_prot() to return the
MT_NORMAL_TAGGED memory type: (1) the user requested it via PROT_MTE,
registered as VM_MTE in the vm_flags, and (2) the vma supports MTE,
decided during the mmap() call (only) and registered as VM_MTE_ALLOWED.

arch_calc_vm_prot_bits() is responsible for registering the user request
as VM_MTE. The newly introduced arch_calc_vm_flag_bits() sets
VM_MTE_ALLOWED if the mapping is MAP_ANONYMOUS. An MTE-capable
filesystem (RAM-based) may be able to set VM_MTE_ALLOWED during its
mmap() file ops call.

In addition, update VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS to allow mprotect(PROT_MTE) on
stack or brk area.

The Linux mmap() syscall currently ignores unknown PROT_* flags. In the
presence of MTE, an mmap(PROT_MTE) on a file which does not support MTE
will not report an error and the memory will not be mapped as Normal
Tagged. For consistency, mprotect(PROT_MTE) will not report an error
either if the memory range does not support MTE. Two subsequent patches
in the series will propose tightening of this behaviour.

Co-developed-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---

Notes:
    v2:
    - Add VM_MTE_ALLOWED to show_smap_vma_flags().

 arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h    | 18 +++++++-----
 arch/arm64/include/asm/mman.h      | 44 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 arch/arm64/include/asm/page.h      |  2 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h   |  7 ++++-
 arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/mman.h |  1 +
 fs/proc/task_mmu.c                 |  4 +++
 include/linux/mm.h                 |  8 ++++++
 7 files changed, 72 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h
index 1e0a78266410..e424fc3a68cb 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/memory.h
@@ -126,14 +126,18 @@
 
 /*
  * Memory types available.
+ *
+ * IMPORTANT: MT_NORMAL must be index 0 since vm_get_page_prot() may 'or' in
+ *	      the MT_NORMAL_TAGGED memory type for PROT_MTE mappings. Note
+ *	      that protection_map[] only contains MT_NORMAL attributes.
  */
-#define MT_DEVICE_nGnRnE	0
-#define MT_DEVICE_nGnRE		1
-#define MT_DEVICE_GRE		2
-#define MT_NORMAL_NC		3
-#define MT_NORMAL		4
-#define MT_NORMAL_WT		5
-#define MT_NORMAL_TAGGED	6
+#define MT_NORMAL		0
+#define MT_NORMAL_TAGGED	1
+#define MT_NORMAL_NC		2
+#define MT_NORMAL_WT		3
+#define MT_DEVICE_nGnRnE	4
+#define MT_DEVICE_nGnRE		5
+#define MT_DEVICE_GRE		6
 
 /*
  * Memory types for Stage-2 translation
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mman.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mman.h
index 081ec8de9ea6..b01051be7750 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mman.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mman.h
@@ -9,16 +9,51 @@
 static inline unsigned long arch_calc_vm_prot_bits(unsigned long prot,
 	unsigned long pkey __always_unused)
 {
+	unsigned long ret = 0;
+
 	if (system_supports_bti() && (prot & PROT_BTI))
-		return VM_ARM64_BTI;
+		ret |= VM_ARM64_BTI;
 
-	return 0;
+	if (system_supports_mte() && (prot & PROT_MTE))
+		ret |= VM_MTE;
+
+	return ret;
 }
 #define arch_calc_vm_prot_bits(prot, pkey) arch_calc_vm_prot_bits(prot, pkey)
 
+static inline unsigned long arch_calc_vm_flag_bits(unsigned long flags)
+{
+	/*
+	 * Only allow MTE on anonymous mappings as these are guaranteed to be
+	 * backed by tags-capable memory. The vm_flags may be overridden by a
+	 * filesystem supporting MTE (RAM-based).
+	 */
+	if (system_supports_mte() && (flags & MAP_ANONYMOUS))
+		return VM_MTE_ALLOWED;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+#define arch_calc_vm_flag_bits(flags) arch_calc_vm_flag_bits(flags)
+
 static inline pgprot_t arch_vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags)
 {
-	return (vm_flags & VM_ARM64_BTI) ? __pgprot(PTE_GP) : __pgprot(0);
+	pteval_t prot = 0;
+
+	if (vm_flags & VM_ARM64_BTI)
+		prot |= PTE_GP;
+
+	/*
+	 * There are two conditions required for returning a Normal Tagged
+	 * memory type: (1) the user requested it via PROT_MTE passed to
+	 * mmap() or mprotect() and (2) the corresponding vma supports MTE. We
+	 * register (1) as VM_MTE in the vma->vm_flags and (2) as
+	 * VM_MTE_ALLOWED. Note that the latter can only be set during the
+	 * mmap() call since mprotect() does not accept MAP_* flags.
+	 */
+	if ((vm_flags & VM_MTE) && (vm_flags & VM_MTE_ALLOWED))
+		prot |= PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL_TAGGED);
+
+	return __pgprot(prot);
 }
 #define arch_vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags) arch_vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags)
 
@@ -30,6 +65,9 @@ static inline bool arch_validate_prot(unsigned long prot,
 	if (system_supports_bti())
 		supported |= PROT_BTI;
 
+	if (system_supports_mte())
+		supported |= PROT_MTE;
+
 	return (prot & ~supported) == 0;
 }
 #define arch_validate_prot(prot, addr) arch_validate_prot(prot, addr)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/page.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/page.h
index d918cb1d83a6..012cffc574e8 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/page.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/page.h
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ extern int pfn_valid(unsigned long);
 
 #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
 
-#define VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS	VM_DATA_FLAGS_TSK_EXEC
+#define VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS	(VM_DATA_FLAGS_TSK_EXEC | VM_MTE_ALLOWED)
 
 #include <asm-generic/getorder.h>
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
index 0a205a8e91b2..057c40b6f5e0 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
@@ -681,8 +681,13 @@ static inline unsigned long p4d_page_vaddr(p4d_t p4d)
 
 static inline pte_t pte_modify(pte_t pte, pgprot_t newprot)
 {
+	/*
+	 * Normal and Normal-Tagged are two different memory types and indices
+	 * in MAIR_EL1. The mask below has to include PTE_ATTRINDX_MASK.
+	 */
 	const pteval_t mask = PTE_USER | PTE_PXN | PTE_UXN | PTE_RDONLY |
-			      PTE_PROT_NONE | PTE_VALID | PTE_WRITE | PTE_GP;
+			      PTE_PROT_NONE | PTE_VALID | PTE_WRITE | PTE_GP |
+			      PTE_ATTRINDX_MASK;
 	/* preserve the hardware dirty information */
 	if (pte_hw_dirty(pte))
 		pte = pte_mkdirty(pte);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/mman.h b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/mman.h
index 6fdd71eb644f..1e6482a838e1 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/mman.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/mman.h
@@ -5,5 +5,6 @@
 #include <asm-generic/mman.h>
 
 #define PROT_BTI	0x10		/* BTI guarded page */
+#define PROT_MTE	0x20		/* Normal Tagged mapping */
 
 #endif /* ! _UAPI__ASM_MMAN_H */
diff --git a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c b/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
index 5066b0251ed8..35172a91148e 100644
--- a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
+++ b/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
@@ -653,6 +653,10 @@ static void show_smap_vma_flags(struct seq_file *m, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
 		[ilog2(VM_MERGEABLE)]	= "mg",
 		[ilog2(VM_UFFD_MISSING)]= "um",
 		[ilog2(VM_UFFD_WP)]	= "uw",
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_MTE
+		[ilog2(VM_MTE)]		= "mt",
+		[ilog2(VM_MTE_ALLOWED)]	= "",
+#endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS
 		/* These come out via ProtectionKey: */
 		[ilog2(VM_PKEY_BIT0)]	= "",
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index ca6e6a81576b..4312c6c808e9 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -340,6 +340,14 @@ extern unsigned int kobjsize(const void *objp);
 # define VM_MAPPED_COPY	VM_ARCH_1	/* T if mapped copy of data (nommu mmap) */
 #endif
 
+#if defined(CONFIG_ARM64_MTE)
+# define VM_MTE		VM_HIGH_ARCH_0	/* Use Tagged memory for access control */
+# define VM_MTE_ALLOWED	VM_HIGH_ARCH_1	/* Tagged memory permitted */
+#else
+# define VM_MTE		VM_NONE
+# define VM_MTE_ALLOWED	VM_NONE
+#endif
+
 #ifndef VM_GROWSUP
 # define VM_GROWSUP	VM_NONE
 #endif

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 15/29] mm: Introduce arch_validate_flags()
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (13 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 14/29] arm64: mte: Add PROT_MTE support to mmap() and mprotect() Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 16/29] arm64: mte: Validate the PROT_MTE request via arch_validate_flags() Catalin Marinas
                   ` (13 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

Similarly to arch_validate_prot() called from do_mprotect_pkey(), an
architecture may need to sanity-check the new vm_flags.

Define a dummy function always returning true. In addition to
do_mprotect_pkey(), also invoke it from mmap_region() prior to updating
vma->vm_page_prot to allow the architecture code to veto potentially
inconsistent vm_flags.

Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Acked-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---

Notes:
    v2:
    - Some comments updated.

 include/linux/mman.h | 13 +++++++++++++
 mm/mmap.c            |  9 +++++++++
 mm/mprotect.c        |  6 ++++++
 3 files changed, 28 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/mman.h b/include/linux/mman.h
index 6fa15c9b12af..629cefc4ecba 100644
--- a/include/linux/mman.h
+++ b/include/linux/mman.h
@@ -108,6 +108,19 @@ static inline bool arch_validate_prot(unsigned long prot, unsigned long addr)
 #define arch_validate_prot arch_validate_prot
 #endif
 
+#ifndef arch_validate_flags
+/*
+ * This is called from mmap() and mprotect() with the updated vma->vm_flags.
+ *
+ * Returns true if the VM_* flags are valid.
+ */
+static inline bool arch_validate_flags(unsigned long flags)
+{
+	return true;
+}
+#define arch_validate_flags arch_validate_flags
+#endif
+
 /*
  * Optimisation macro.  It is equivalent to:
  *      (x & bit1) ? bit2 : 0
diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index 40248d84ad5f..eed30b096667 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -1812,6 +1812,15 @@ unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
 		vma_set_anonymous(vma);
 	}
 
+	/* Allow architectures to sanity-check the vm_flags */
+	if (!arch_validate_flags(vma->vm_flags)) {
+		error = -EINVAL;
+		if (file)
+			goto unmap_and_free_vma;
+		else
+			goto free_vma;
+	}
+
 	vma_link(mm, vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent);
 	/* Once vma denies write, undo our temporary denial count */
 	if (file) {
diff --git a/mm/mprotect.c b/mm/mprotect.c
index ce8b8a5eacbb..56c02beb6041 100644
--- a/mm/mprotect.c
+++ b/mm/mprotect.c
@@ -603,6 +603,12 @@ static int do_mprotect_pkey(unsigned long start, size_t len,
 			goto out;
 		}
 
+		/* Allow architectures to sanity-check the new flags */
+		if (!arch_validate_flags(newflags)) {
+			error = -EINVAL;
+			goto out;
+		}
+
 		error = security_file_mprotect(vma, reqprot, prot);
 		if (error)
 			goto out;

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 16/29] arm64: mte: Validate the PROT_MTE request via arch_validate_flags()
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (14 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 15/29] mm: Introduce arch_validate_flags() Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 17/29] mm: Allow arm64 mmap(PROT_MTE) on RAM-based files Catalin Marinas
                   ` (12 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

Make use of the newly introduced arch_validate_flags() hook to
sanity-check the PROT_MTE request passed to mmap() and mprotect(). If
the mapping does not support MTE, these syscalls will return -EINVAL.

Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/mman.h | 14 +++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 13 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mman.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mman.h
index b01051be7750..e3e28f7daf62 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mman.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mman.h
@@ -49,8 +49,10 @@ static inline pgprot_t arch_vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags)
 	 * register (1) as VM_MTE in the vma->vm_flags and (2) as
 	 * VM_MTE_ALLOWED. Note that the latter can only be set during the
 	 * mmap() call since mprotect() does not accept MAP_* flags.
+	 * Checking for VM_MTE only is sufficient since arch_validate_flags()
+	 * does not permit (VM_MTE & !VM_MTE_ALLOWED).
 	 */
-	if ((vm_flags & VM_MTE) && (vm_flags & VM_MTE_ALLOWED))
+	if (vm_flags & VM_MTE)
 		prot |= PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL_TAGGED);
 
 	return __pgprot(prot);
@@ -72,4 +74,14 @@ static inline bool arch_validate_prot(unsigned long prot,
 }
 #define arch_validate_prot(prot, addr) arch_validate_prot(prot, addr)
 
+static inline bool arch_validate_flags(unsigned long vm_flags)
+{
+	if (!system_supports_mte())
+		return true;
+
+	/* only allow VM_MTE if VM_MTE_ALLOWED has been set previously */
+	return !(vm_flags & VM_MTE) || (vm_flags & VM_MTE_ALLOWED);
+}
+#define arch_validate_flags(vm_flags) arch_validate_flags(vm_flags)
+
 #endif /* ! __ASM_MMAN_H__ */

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 17/29] mm: Allow arm64 mmap(PROT_MTE) on RAM-based files
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (15 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 16/29] arm64: mte: Validate the PROT_MTE request via arch_validate_flags() Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 18/29] arm64: mte: Allow user control of the tag check mode via prctl() Catalin Marinas
                   ` (11 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

Since arm64 memory (allocation) tags can only be stored in RAM, mapping
files with PROT_MTE is not allowed by default. RAM-based files like
those in a tmpfs mount or memfd_create() can support memory tagging, so
update the vm_flags accordingly in shmem_mmap().

Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Acked-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---
 mm/shmem.c | 3 +++
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)

diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
index 271548ca20f3..ec94f4c7851e 100644
--- a/mm/shmem.c
+++ b/mm/shmem.c
@@ -2267,6 +2267,9 @@ static int shmem_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
 			vma->vm_flags &= ~(VM_MAYWRITE);
 	}
 
+	/* arm64 - allow memory tagging on RAM-based files */
+	vma->vm_flags |= VM_MTE_ALLOWED;
+
 	file_accessed(file);
 	vma->vm_ops = &shmem_vm_ops;
 	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) &&

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 18/29] arm64: mte: Allow user control of the tag check mode via prctl()
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (16 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 17/29] mm: Allow arm64 mmap(PROT_MTE) on RAM-based files Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 19/29] arm64: mte: Allow user control of the generated random tags " Catalin Marinas
                   ` (10 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

By default, even if PROT_MTE is set on a memory range, there is no tag
check fault reporting (SIGSEGV). Introduce a set of option to the
exiting prctl(PR_SET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL) to allow user control of the tag
check fault mode:

  PR_MTE_TCF_NONE  - no reporting (default)
  PR_MTE_TCF_SYNC  - synchronous tag check fault reporting
  PR_MTE_TCF_ASYNC - asynchronous tag check fault reporting

These options translate into the corresponding SCTLR_EL1.TCF0 bitfield,
context-switched by the kernel. Note that the kernel accesses to the
user address space (e.g. read() system call) are not checked if the user
thread tag checking mode is PR_MTE_TCF_NONE or PR_MTE_TCF_ASYNC. If the
tag checking mode is PR_MTE_TCF_SYNC, the kernel makes a best effort to
check its user address accesses, however it cannot always guarantee it.

Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---

Notes:
    v3:
    - Use SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_NONE instead of 0 for consistency.
    - Move mte_thread_switch() in this patch from an earlier one. In
      addition, it is called after the dsb() in __switch_to() so that any
      asynchronous tag check faults have been registered in the TFSR_EL1
      registers (to be added with the in-kernel MTE support.
    
    v2:
    - Handle SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_NONE explicitly for consistency with PR_MTE_TCF_NONE.
    - Fix SCTLR_EL1 register setting in flush_mte_state() (thanks to Peter
      Collingbourne).
    - Added ISB to update_sctlr_el1_tcf0() since, with the latest
      architecture update/fix, the TCF0 field is used by the uaccess
      routines.

 arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h       | 14 ++++++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h |  3 ++
 arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c            | 77 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/process.c        | 26 ++++++++--
 include/uapi/linux/prctl.h         |  6 +++
 5 files changed, 123 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
index b2577eee62c2..df2efbc9f8f1 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
@@ -21,6 +21,9 @@ void mte_clear_page_tags(void *addr);
 void mte_sync_tags(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte);
 void mte_copy_page_tags(void *kto, const void *kfrom);
 void flush_mte_state(void);
+void mte_thread_switch(struct task_struct *next);
+long set_mte_ctrl(unsigned long arg);
+long get_mte_ctrl(void);
 
 #else
 
@@ -36,6 +39,17 @@ static inline void mte_copy_page_tags(void *kto, const void *kfrom)
 static inline void flush_mte_state(void)
 {
 }
+static inline void mte_thread_switch(struct task_struct *next)
+{
+}
+static inline long set_mte_ctrl(unsigned long arg)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+static inline long get_mte_ctrl(void)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
 
 #endif
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h
index 240fe5e5b720..80e7f0573309 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -151,6 +151,9 @@ struct thread_struct {
 	struct ptrauth_keys_user	keys_user;
 	struct ptrauth_keys_kernel	keys_kernel;
 #endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_MTE
+	u64			sctlr_tcf0;
+#endif
 };
 
 static inline void arch_thread_struct_whitelist(unsigned long *offset,
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
index 5f54fd140610..375483a1f573 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
@@ -5,6 +5,8 @@
 
 #include <linux/bitops.h>
 #include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/prctl.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
 #include <linux/string.h>
 #include <linux/thread_info.h>
 
@@ -49,6 +51,26 @@ int memcmp_pages(struct page *page1, struct page *page2)
 	return ret;
 }
 
+static void update_sctlr_el1_tcf0(u64 tcf0)
+{
+	/* ISB required for the kernel uaccess routines */
+	sysreg_clear_set(sctlr_el1, SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_MASK, tcf0);
+	isb();
+}
+
+static void set_sctlr_el1_tcf0(u64 tcf0)
+{
+	/*
+	 * mte_thread_switch() checks current->thread.sctlr_tcf0 as an
+	 * optimisation. Disable preemption so that it does not see
+	 * the variable update before the SCTLR_EL1.TCF0 one.
+	 */
+	preempt_disable();
+	current->thread.sctlr_tcf0 = tcf0;
+	update_sctlr_el1_tcf0(tcf0);
+	preempt_enable();
+}
+
 void flush_mte_state(void)
 {
 	if (!system_supports_mte())
@@ -58,4 +80,59 @@ void flush_mte_state(void)
 	dsb(ish);
 	write_sysreg_s(0, SYS_TFSRE0_EL1);
 	clear_thread_flag(TIF_MTE_ASYNC_FAULT);
+	/* disable tag checking */
+	set_sctlr_el1_tcf0(SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_NONE);
+}
+
+void mte_thread_switch(struct task_struct *next)
+{
+	if (!system_supports_mte())
+		return;
+
+	/* avoid expensive SCTLR_EL1 accesses if no change */
+	if (current->thread.sctlr_tcf0 != next->thread.sctlr_tcf0)
+		update_sctlr_el1_tcf0(next->thread.sctlr_tcf0);
+}
+
+long set_mte_ctrl(unsigned long arg)
+{
+	u64 tcf0;
+
+	if (!system_supports_mte())
+		return 0;
+
+	switch (arg & PR_MTE_TCF_MASK) {
+	case PR_MTE_TCF_NONE:
+		tcf0 = SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_NONE;
+		break;
+	case PR_MTE_TCF_SYNC:
+		tcf0 = SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_SYNC;
+		break;
+	case PR_MTE_TCF_ASYNC:
+		tcf0 = SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_ASYNC;
+		break;
+	default:
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	set_sctlr_el1_tcf0(tcf0);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+long get_mte_ctrl(void)
+{
+	if (!system_supports_mte())
+		return 0;
+
+	switch (current->thread.sctlr_tcf0) {
+	case SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_NONE:
+		return PR_MTE_TCF_NONE;
+	case SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_SYNC:
+		return PR_MTE_TCF_SYNC;
+	case SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_ASYNC:
+		return PR_MTE_TCF_ASYNC;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
index a49028efab68..bb759b88d44a 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
@@ -577,6 +577,13 @@ __notrace_funcgraph struct task_struct *__switch_to(struct task_struct *prev,
 	 */
 	dsb(ish);
 
+	/*
+	 * MTE thread switching must happen after the DSB above to ensure that
+	 * any asynchronous tag check faults have been logged in the TFSR*_EL1
+	 * registers.
+	 */
+	mte_thread_switch(next);
+
 	/* the actual thread switch */
 	last = cpu_switch_to(prev, next);
 
@@ -636,9 +643,15 @@ static unsigned int tagged_addr_disabled;
 
 long set_tagged_addr_ctrl(unsigned long arg)
 {
+	unsigned long valid_mask = PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE;
+
 	if (is_compat_task())
 		return -EINVAL;
-	if (arg & ~PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE)
+
+	if (system_supports_mte())
+		valid_mask |= PR_MTE_TCF_MASK;
+
+	if (arg & ~valid_mask)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
 	/*
@@ -648,6 +661,9 @@ long set_tagged_addr_ctrl(unsigned long arg)
 	if (arg & PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE && tagged_addr_disabled)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
+	if (set_mte_ctrl(arg) != 0)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
 	update_thread_flag(TIF_TAGGED_ADDR, arg & PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE);
 
 	return 0;
@@ -655,13 +671,17 @@ long set_tagged_addr_ctrl(unsigned long arg)
 
 long get_tagged_addr_ctrl(void)
 {
+	long ret = 0;
+
 	if (is_compat_task())
 		return -EINVAL;
 
 	if (test_thread_flag(TIF_TAGGED_ADDR))
-		return PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE;
+		ret = PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE;
 
-	return 0;
+	ret |= get_mte_ctrl();
+
+	return ret;
 }
 
 /*
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h b/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
index 07b4f8131e36..2390ab324afa 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
@@ -233,6 +233,12 @@ struct prctl_mm_map {
 #define PR_SET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL		55
 #define PR_GET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL		56
 # define PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE		(1UL << 0)
+/* MTE tag check fault modes */
+# define PR_MTE_TCF_SHIFT		1
+# define PR_MTE_TCF_NONE		(0UL << PR_MTE_TCF_SHIFT)
+# define PR_MTE_TCF_SYNC		(1UL << PR_MTE_TCF_SHIFT)
+# define PR_MTE_TCF_ASYNC		(2UL << PR_MTE_TCF_SHIFT)
+# define PR_MTE_TCF_MASK		(3UL << PR_MTE_TCF_SHIFT)
 
 /* Control reclaim behavior when allocating memory */
 #define PR_SET_IO_FLUSHER		57

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 19/29] arm64: mte: Allow user control of the generated random tags via prctl()
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (17 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 18/29] arm64: mte: Allow user control of the tag check mode via prctl() Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 20/29] arm64: mte: Restore the GCR_EL1 register after a suspend Catalin Marinas
                   ` (9 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

The IRG, ADDG and SUBG instructions insert a random tag in the resulting
address. Certain tags can be excluded via the GCR_EL1.Exclude bitmap
when, for example, the user wants a certain colour for freed buffers.
Since the GCR_EL1 register is not accessible at EL0, extend the
prctl(PR_SET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL) interface to include a 16-bit field in
the first argument for controlling which tags can be generated by the
above instruction (an include rather than exclude mask). Note that by
default all non-zero tags are excluded. This setting is per-thread.

Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---

Notes:
    v5:
    - Rename gcr_incl to gcr_user_incl (there will be a subsequent
      gcr_kernel when support for in-kernel MTE is added).
    
    v2:
    - Switch from an exclude mask to an include one for the prctl()
      interface.
    - Reset the allowed tags mask during flush_thread().

 arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h |  1 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h    |  7 ++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c            | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 arch/arm64/kernel/process.c        |  2 +-
 include/uapi/linux/prctl.h         |  3 +++
 5 files changed, 44 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h
index 80e7f0573309..e1b1c2a6086e 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -153,6 +153,7 @@ struct thread_struct {
 #endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_MTE
 	u64			sctlr_tcf0;
+	u64			gcr_user_incl;
 #endif
 };
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
index daf030a05de0..52eefe2f7d95 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
@@ -1078,6 +1078,13 @@
 		write_sysreg(__scs_new, sysreg);			\
 } while (0)
 
+#define sysreg_clear_set_s(sysreg, clear, set) do {			\
+	u64 __scs_val = read_sysreg_s(sysreg);				\
+	u64 __scs_new = (__scs_val & ~(u64)(clear)) | (set);		\
+	if (__scs_new != __scs_val)					\
+		write_sysreg_s(__scs_new, sysreg);			\
+} while (0)
+
 #endif
 
 #endif	/* __ASM_SYSREG_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
index 375483a1f573..07798b8d5039 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
@@ -71,6 +71,25 @@ static void set_sctlr_el1_tcf0(u64 tcf0)
 	preempt_enable();
 }
 
+static void update_gcr_el1_excl(u64 incl)
+{
+	u64 excl = ~incl & SYS_GCR_EL1_EXCL_MASK;
+
+	/*
+	 * Note that 'incl' is an include mask (controlled by the user via
+	 * prctl()) while GCR_EL1 accepts an exclude mask.
+	 * No need for ISB since this only affects EL0 currently, implicit
+	 * with ERET.
+	 */
+	sysreg_clear_set_s(SYS_GCR_EL1, SYS_GCR_EL1_EXCL_MASK, excl);
+}
+
+static void set_gcr_el1_excl(u64 incl)
+{
+	current->thread.gcr_user_incl = incl;
+	update_gcr_el1_excl(incl);
+}
+
 void flush_mte_state(void)
 {
 	if (!system_supports_mte())
@@ -82,6 +101,8 @@ void flush_mte_state(void)
 	clear_thread_flag(TIF_MTE_ASYNC_FAULT);
 	/* disable tag checking */
 	set_sctlr_el1_tcf0(SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_NONE);
+	/* reset tag generation mask */
+	set_gcr_el1_excl(0);
 }
 
 void mte_thread_switch(struct task_struct *next)
@@ -92,6 +113,7 @@ void mte_thread_switch(struct task_struct *next)
 	/* avoid expensive SCTLR_EL1 accesses if no change */
 	if (current->thread.sctlr_tcf0 != next->thread.sctlr_tcf0)
 		update_sctlr_el1_tcf0(next->thread.sctlr_tcf0);
+	update_gcr_el1_excl(next->thread.gcr_user_incl);
 }
 
 long set_mte_ctrl(unsigned long arg)
@@ -116,23 +138,30 @@ long set_mte_ctrl(unsigned long arg)
 	}
 
 	set_sctlr_el1_tcf0(tcf0);
+	set_gcr_el1_excl((arg & PR_MTE_TAG_MASK) >> PR_MTE_TAG_SHIFT);
 
 	return 0;
 }
 
 long get_mte_ctrl(void)
 {
+	unsigned long ret;
+
 	if (!system_supports_mte())
 		return 0;
 
+	ret = current->thread.gcr_user_incl << PR_MTE_TAG_SHIFT;
+
 	switch (current->thread.sctlr_tcf0) {
 	case SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_NONE:
 		return PR_MTE_TCF_NONE;
 	case SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_SYNC:
-		return PR_MTE_TCF_SYNC;
+		ret |= PR_MTE_TCF_SYNC;
+		break;
 	case SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_ASYNC:
-		return PR_MTE_TCF_ASYNC;
+		ret |= PR_MTE_TCF_ASYNC;
+		break;
 	}
 
-	return 0;
+	return ret;
 }
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
index bb759b88d44a..c80383f30d6a 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
@@ -649,7 +649,7 @@ long set_tagged_addr_ctrl(unsigned long arg)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
 	if (system_supports_mte())
-		valid_mask |= PR_MTE_TCF_MASK;
+		valid_mask |= PR_MTE_TCF_MASK | PR_MTE_TAG_MASK;
 
 	if (arg & ~valid_mask)
 		return -EINVAL;
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h b/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
index 2390ab324afa..7f0827705c9a 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
@@ -239,6 +239,9 @@ struct prctl_mm_map {
 # define PR_MTE_TCF_SYNC		(1UL << PR_MTE_TCF_SHIFT)
 # define PR_MTE_TCF_ASYNC		(2UL << PR_MTE_TCF_SHIFT)
 # define PR_MTE_TCF_MASK		(3UL << PR_MTE_TCF_SHIFT)
+/* MTE tag inclusion mask */
+# define PR_MTE_TAG_SHIFT		3
+# define PR_MTE_TAG_MASK		(0xffffUL << PR_MTE_TAG_SHIFT)
 
 /* Control reclaim behavior when allocating memory */
 #define PR_SET_IO_FLUSHER		57

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 20/29] arm64: mte: Restore the GCR_EL1 register after a suspend
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (18 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 19/29] arm64: mte: Allow user control of the generated random tags " Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 21/29] arm64: mte: Allow {set,get}_tagged_addr_ctrl() on non-current tasks Catalin Marinas
                   ` (8 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

The CPU resume/suspend routines only take care of the common system
registers. Restore GCR_EL1 in addition via the __cpu_suspend_exit()
function.

Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Lorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com>
---

Notes:
    New in v3.

 arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h | 4 ++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c      | 8 ++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/suspend.c  | 4 ++++
 3 files changed, 16 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
index df2efbc9f8f1..c93047eff9fe 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@ void mte_sync_tags(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte);
 void mte_copy_page_tags(void *kto, const void *kfrom);
 void flush_mte_state(void);
 void mte_thread_switch(struct task_struct *next);
+void mte_suspend_exit(void);
 long set_mte_ctrl(unsigned long arg);
 long get_mte_ctrl(void);
 
@@ -42,6 +43,9 @@ static inline void flush_mte_state(void)
 static inline void mte_thread_switch(struct task_struct *next)
 {
 }
+static inline void mte_suspend_exit(void)
+{
+}
 static inline long set_mte_ctrl(unsigned long arg)
 {
 	return 0;
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
index 07798b8d5039..09cf76fc1090 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
@@ -116,6 +116,14 @@ void mte_thread_switch(struct task_struct *next)
 	update_gcr_el1_excl(next->thread.gcr_user_incl);
 }
 
+void mte_suspend_exit(void)
+{
+	if (!system_supports_mte())
+		return;
+
+	update_gcr_el1_excl(current->thread.gcr_user_incl);
+}
+
 long set_mte_ctrl(unsigned long arg)
 {
 	u64 tcf0;
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/suspend.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/suspend.c
index c1dee9066ff9..62c239cd60c2 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/suspend.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/suspend.c
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
 #include <asm/daifflags.h>
 #include <asm/debug-monitors.h>
 #include <asm/exec.h>
+#include <asm/mte.h>
 #include <asm/memory.h>
 #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
 #include <asm/smp_plat.h>
@@ -74,6 +75,9 @@ void notrace __cpu_suspend_exit(void)
 	 */
 	if (arm64_get_ssbd_state() == ARM64_SSBD_FORCE_DISABLE)
 		arm64_set_ssbd_mitigation(false);
+
+	/* Restore additional MTE-specific configuration */
+	mte_suspend_exit();
 }
 
 /*

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 21/29] arm64: mte: Allow {set,get}_tagged_addr_ctrl() on non-current tasks
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (19 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 20/29] arm64: mte: Restore the GCR_EL1 register after a suspend Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 22/29] arm64: mte: ptrace: Add PTRACE_{PEEK,POKE}MTETAGS support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (7 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

In preparation for ptrace() access to the prctl() value, allow calling
these functions on non-current tasks.

Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---

Notes:
    New in v7.

 arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h       |  8 ++++----
 arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h |  8 ++++----
 arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c            | 18 ++++++++++++------
 arch/arm64/kernel/process.c        | 18 ++++++++++--------
 4 files changed, 30 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
index c93047eff9fe..1a919905295b 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
@@ -23,8 +23,8 @@ void mte_copy_page_tags(void *kto, const void *kfrom);
 void flush_mte_state(void);
 void mte_thread_switch(struct task_struct *next);
 void mte_suspend_exit(void);
-long set_mte_ctrl(unsigned long arg);
-long get_mte_ctrl(void);
+long set_mte_ctrl(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long arg);
+long get_mte_ctrl(struct task_struct *task);
 
 #else
 
@@ -46,11 +46,11 @@ static inline void mte_thread_switch(struct task_struct *next)
 static inline void mte_suspend_exit(void)
 {
 }
-static inline long set_mte_ctrl(unsigned long arg)
+static inline long set_mte_ctrl(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long arg)
 {
 	return 0;
 }
-static inline long get_mte_ctrl(void)
+static inline long get_mte_ctrl(struct task_struct *task)
 {
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h
index e1b1c2a6086e..fec204d28fce 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -319,10 +319,10 @@ extern void __init minsigstksz_setup(void);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_TAGGED_ADDR_ABI
 /* PR_{SET,GET}_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL prctl */
-long set_tagged_addr_ctrl(unsigned long arg);
-long get_tagged_addr_ctrl(void);
-#define SET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL(arg)	set_tagged_addr_ctrl(arg)
-#define GET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL()		get_tagged_addr_ctrl()
+long set_tagged_addr_ctrl(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long arg);
+long get_tagged_addr_ctrl(struct task_struct *task);
+#define SET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL(arg)	set_tagged_addr_ctrl(current, arg)
+#define GET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL()		get_tagged_addr_ctrl(current)
 #endif
 
 /*
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
index 09cf76fc1090..e80c49af74af 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
@@ -124,9 +124,10 @@ void mte_suspend_exit(void)
 	update_gcr_el1_excl(current->thread.gcr_user_incl);
 }
 
-long set_mte_ctrl(unsigned long arg)
+long set_mte_ctrl(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long arg)
 {
 	u64 tcf0;
+	u64 gcr_incl = (arg & PR_MTE_TAG_MASK) >> PR_MTE_TAG_SHIFT;
 
 	if (!system_supports_mte())
 		return 0;
@@ -145,22 +146,27 @@ long set_mte_ctrl(unsigned long arg)
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
-	set_sctlr_el1_tcf0(tcf0);
-	set_gcr_el1_excl((arg & PR_MTE_TAG_MASK) >> PR_MTE_TAG_SHIFT);
+	if (task != current) {
+		task->thread.sctlr_tcf0 = tcf0;
+		task->thread.gcr_user_incl = gcr_incl;
+	} else {
+		set_sctlr_el1_tcf0(tcf0);
+		set_gcr_el1_excl(gcr_incl);
+	}
 
 	return 0;
 }
 
-long get_mte_ctrl(void)
+long get_mte_ctrl(struct task_struct *task)
 {
 	unsigned long ret;
 
 	if (!system_supports_mte())
 		return 0;
 
-	ret = current->thread.gcr_user_incl << PR_MTE_TAG_SHIFT;
+	ret = task->thread.gcr_user_incl << PR_MTE_TAG_SHIFT;
 
-	switch (current->thread.sctlr_tcf0) {
+	switch (task->thread.sctlr_tcf0) {
 	case SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_NONE:
 		return PR_MTE_TCF_NONE;
 	case SCTLR_EL1_TCF0_SYNC:
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
index c80383f30d6a..05a9cdd0b471 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
@@ -641,11 +641,12 @@ void arch_setup_new_exec(void)
  */
 static unsigned int tagged_addr_disabled;
 
-long set_tagged_addr_ctrl(unsigned long arg)
+long set_tagged_addr_ctrl(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long arg)
 {
 	unsigned long valid_mask = PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE;
+	struct thread_info *ti = task_thread_info(task);
 
-	if (is_compat_task())
+	if (is_compat_thread(ti))
 		return -EINVAL;
 
 	if (system_supports_mte())
@@ -661,25 +662,26 @@ long set_tagged_addr_ctrl(unsigned long arg)
 	if (arg & PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE && tagged_addr_disabled)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
-	if (set_mte_ctrl(arg) != 0)
+	if (set_mte_ctrl(task, arg) != 0)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
-	update_thread_flag(TIF_TAGGED_ADDR, arg & PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE);
+	update_ti_thread_flag(ti, TIF_TAGGED_ADDR, arg & PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE);
 
 	return 0;
 }
 
-long get_tagged_addr_ctrl(void)
+long get_tagged_addr_ctrl(struct task_struct *task)
 {
 	long ret = 0;
+	struct thread_info *ti = task_thread_info(task);
 
-	if (is_compat_task())
+	if (is_compat_thread(ti))
 		return -EINVAL;
 
-	if (test_thread_flag(TIF_TAGGED_ADDR))
+	if (test_ti_thread_flag(ti, TIF_TAGGED_ADDR))
 		ret = PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE;
 
-	ret |= get_mte_ctrl();
+	ret |= get_mte_ctrl(task);
 
 	return ret;
 }

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 22/29] arm64: mte: ptrace: Add PTRACE_{PEEK,POKE}MTETAGS support
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (20 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 21/29] arm64: mte: Allow {set,get}_tagged_addr_ctrl() on non-current tasks Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 23/29] arm64: mte: ptrace: Add NT_ARM_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL regset Catalin Marinas
                   ` (6 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton,
	Alan Hayward, Luis Machado, Omair Javaid

Add support for bulk setting/getting of the MTE tags in a tracee's
address space at 'addr' in the ptrace() syscall prototype. 'data' points
to a struct iovec in the tracer's address space with iov_base
representing the address of a tracer's buffer of length iov_len. The
tags to be copied to/from the tracer's buffer are stored as one tag per
byte.

On successfully copying at least one tag, ptrace() returns 0 and updates
the tracer's iov_len with the number of tags copied. In case of error,
either -EIO or -EFAULT is returned, trying to follow the ptrace() man
page.

Note that the tag copying functions are not performance critical,
therefore they lack optimisations found in typical memory copy routines.

Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Cc: Alan Hayward <Alan.Hayward@arm.com>
Cc: Luis Machado <luis.machado@linaro.org>
Cc: Omair Javaid <omair.javaid@linaro.org>
---

Notes:
    v8:
    - Removed the tsk argument to get_user_pages_remote().
    
    v4:
    - Following the change to only clear the tags in a page if it is mapped
      to user with PROT_MTE, ptrace() now will refuse to access tags in
      pages not previously mapped with PROT_MTE (PG_mte_tagged set). This is
      primarily to avoid leaking uninitialised tags to user via ptrace().
    - Fix SYM_FUNC_END argument typo.
    - Rename MTE_ALLOC_* to MTE_GRANULE_*.
    - Use uao_user_alternative for the user access in case we ever want to
      call mte_copy_tags_* with a kernel buffer. It also matches the other
      uaccess routines in the kernel.
    - Simplify arch_ptrace() slightly.
    - Reorder down_write_killable() with access_ok() in
      __access_remote_tags().
    - Handle copy length 0 in mte_copy_tags_{to,from}_user().
    - Use put_user() instead of __put_user().
    
    New in v3.

 arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h         |  17 ++++
 arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h |   3 +
 arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c              | 138 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c           |   7 ++
 arch/arm64/lib/mte.S                 |  53 ++++++++++
 5 files changed, 218 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
index 1a919905295b..7ea0c0e526d1 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
@@ -5,6 +5,11 @@
 #ifndef __ASM_MTE_H
 #define __ASM_MTE_H
 
+#define MTE_GRANULE_SIZE	UL(16)
+#define MTE_GRANULE_MASK	(~(MTE_GRANULE_SIZE - 1))
+#define MTE_TAG_SHIFT		56
+#define MTE_TAG_SIZE		4
+
 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
 
 #include <linux/page-flags.h>
@@ -12,6 +17,10 @@
 #include <asm/pgtable-types.h>
 
 void mte_clear_page_tags(void *addr);
+unsigned long mte_copy_tags_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from,
+				      unsigned long n);
+unsigned long mte_copy_tags_to_user(void __user *to, void *from,
+				    unsigned long n);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_MTE
 
@@ -25,6 +34,8 @@ void mte_thread_switch(struct task_struct *next);
 void mte_suspend_exit(void);
 long set_mte_ctrl(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long arg);
 long get_mte_ctrl(struct task_struct *task);
+int mte_ptrace_copy_tags(struct task_struct *child, long request,
+			 unsigned long addr, unsigned long data);
 
 #else
 
@@ -54,6 +65,12 @@ static inline long get_mte_ctrl(struct task_struct *task)
 {
 	return 0;
 }
+static inline int mte_ptrace_copy_tags(struct task_struct *child,
+				       long request, unsigned long addr,
+				       unsigned long data)
+{
+	return -EIO;
+}
 
 #endif
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
index 06413d9f2341..758ae984ff97 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -76,6 +76,9 @@
 /* syscall emulation path in ptrace */
 #define PTRACE_SYSEMU		  31
 #define PTRACE_SYSEMU_SINGLESTEP  32
+/* MTE allocation tag access */
+#define PTRACE_PEEKMTETAGS	  33
+#define PTRACE_POKEMTETAGS	  34
 
 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
index e80c49af74af..56e79807006c 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
@@ -4,14 +4,18 @@
  */
 
 #include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
 #include <linux/mm.h>
 #include <linux/prctl.h>
 #include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
 #include <linux/string.h>
 #include <linux/thread_info.h>
+#include <linux/uio.h>
 
 #include <asm/cpufeature.h>
 #include <asm/mte.h>
+#include <asm/ptrace.h>
 #include <asm/sysreg.h>
 
 void mte_sync_tags(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte)
@@ -179,3 +183,137 @@ long get_mte_ctrl(struct task_struct *task)
 
 	return ret;
 }
+
+/*
+ * Access MTE tags in another process' address space as given in mm. Update
+ * the number of tags copied. Return 0 if any tags copied, error otherwise.
+ * Inspired by __access_remote_vm().
+ */
+static int __access_remote_tags(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
+				struct iovec *kiov, unsigned int gup_flags)
+{
+	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+	void __user *buf = kiov->iov_base;
+	size_t len = kiov->iov_len;
+	int ret;
+	int write = gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE;
+
+	if (!access_ok(buf, len))
+		return -EFAULT;
+
+	if (mmap_read_lock_killable(mm))
+		return -EIO;
+
+	while (len) {
+		unsigned long tags, offset;
+		void *maddr;
+		struct page *page = NULL;
+
+		ret = get_user_pages_remote(mm, addr, 1, gup_flags, &page,
+					    &vma, NULL);
+		if (ret <= 0)
+			break;
+
+		/*
+		 * Only copy tags if the page has been mapped as PROT_MTE
+		 * (PG_mte_tagged set). Otherwise the tags are not valid and
+		 * not accessible to user. Moreover, an mprotect(PROT_MTE)
+		 * would cause the existing tags to be cleared if the page
+		 * was never mapped with PROT_MTE.
+		 */
+		if (!test_bit(PG_mte_tagged, &page->flags)) {
+			ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
+			put_page(page);
+			break;
+		}
+
+		/* limit access to the end of the page */
+		offset = offset_in_page(addr);
+		tags = min(len, (PAGE_SIZE - offset) / MTE_GRANULE_SIZE);
+
+		maddr = page_address(page);
+		if (write) {
+			tags = mte_copy_tags_from_user(maddr + offset, buf, tags);
+			set_page_dirty_lock(page);
+		} else {
+			tags = mte_copy_tags_to_user(buf, maddr + offset, tags);
+		}
+		put_page(page);
+
+		/* error accessing the tracer's buffer */
+		if (!tags)
+			break;
+
+		len -= tags;
+		buf += tags;
+		addr += tags * MTE_GRANULE_SIZE;
+	}
+	mmap_read_unlock(mm);
+
+	/* return an error if no tags copied */
+	kiov->iov_len = buf - kiov->iov_base;
+	if (!kiov->iov_len) {
+		/* check for error accessing the tracee's address space */
+		if (ret <= 0)
+			return -EIO;
+		else
+			return -EFAULT;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Copy MTE tags in another process' address space at 'addr' to/from tracer's
+ * iovec buffer. Return 0 on success. Inspired by ptrace_access_vm().
+ */
+static int access_remote_tags(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr,
+			      struct iovec *kiov, unsigned int gup_flags)
+{
+	struct mm_struct *mm;
+	int ret;
+
+	mm = get_task_mm(tsk);
+	if (!mm)
+		return -EPERM;
+
+	if (!tsk->ptrace || (current != tsk->parent) ||
+	    ((get_dumpable(mm) != SUID_DUMP_USER) &&
+	     !ptracer_capable(tsk, mm->user_ns))) {
+		mmput(mm);
+		return -EPERM;
+	}
+
+	ret = __access_remote_tags(mm, addr, kiov, gup_flags);
+	mmput(mm);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+int mte_ptrace_copy_tags(struct task_struct *child, long request,
+			 unsigned long addr, unsigned long data)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct iovec kiov;
+	struct iovec __user *uiov = (void __user *)data;
+	unsigned int gup_flags = FOLL_FORCE;
+
+	if (!system_supports_mte())
+		return -EIO;
+
+	if (get_user(kiov.iov_base, &uiov->iov_base) ||
+	    get_user(kiov.iov_len, &uiov->iov_len))
+		return -EFAULT;
+
+	if (request == PTRACE_POKEMTETAGS)
+		gup_flags |= FOLL_WRITE;
+
+	/* align addr to the MTE tag granule */
+	addr &= MTE_GRANULE_MASK;
+
+	ret = access_remote_tags(child, addr, &kiov, gup_flags);
+	if (!ret)
+		ret = put_user(kiov.iov_len, &uiov->iov_len);
+
+	return ret;
+}
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c
index 8942de814b72..101040a37d40 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@
 #include <asm/cpufeature.h>
 #include <asm/debug-monitors.h>
 #include <asm/fpsimd.h>
+#include <asm/mte.h>
 #include <asm/pointer_auth.h>
 #include <asm/stacktrace.h>
 #include <asm/syscall.h>
@@ -1691,6 +1692,12 @@ const struct user_regset_view *task_user_regset_view(struct task_struct *task)
 long arch_ptrace(struct task_struct *child, long request,
 		 unsigned long addr, unsigned long data)
 {
+	switch (request) {
+	case PTRACE_PEEKMTETAGS:
+	case PTRACE_POKEMTETAGS:
+		return mte_ptrace_copy_tags(child, request, addr, data);
+	}
+
 	return ptrace_request(child, request, addr, data);
 }
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S b/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S
index 3c3d0edbbca3..434f81d9a180 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S
@@ -4,7 +4,9 @@
  */
 #include <linux/linkage.h>
 
+#include <asm/alternative.h>
 #include <asm/assembler.h>
+#include <asm/mte.h>
 #include <asm/page.h>
 #include <asm/sysreg.h>
 
@@ -51,3 +53,54 @@ SYM_FUNC_START(mte_copy_page_tags)
 	b.ne	1b
 	ret
 SYM_FUNC_END(mte_copy_page_tags)
+
+/*
+ * Read tags from a user buffer (one tag per byte) and set the corresponding
+ * tags at the given kernel address. Used by PTRACE_POKEMTETAGS.
+ *   x0 - kernel address (to)
+ *   x1 - user buffer (from)
+ *   x2 - number of tags/bytes (n)
+ * Returns:
+ *   x0 - number of tags read/set
+ */
+SYM_FUNC_START(mte_copy_tags_from_user)
+	mov	x3, x1
+	cbz	x2, 2f
+1:
+	uao_user_alternative 2f, ldrb, ldtrb, w4, x1, 0
+	lsl	x4, x4, #MTE_TAG_SHIFT
+	stg	x4, [x0], #MTE_GRANULE_SIZE
+	add	x1, x1, #1
+	subs	x2, x2, #1
+	b.ne	1b
+
+	// exception handling and function return
+2:	sub	x0, x1, x3		// update the number of tags set
+	ret
+SYM_FUNC_END(mte_copy_tags_from_user)
+
+/*
+ * Get the tags from a kernel address range and write the tag values to the
+ * given user buffer (one tag per byte). Used by PTRACE_PEEKMTETAGS.
+ *   x0 - user buffer (to)
+ *   x1 - kernel address (from)
+ *   x2 - number of tags/bytes (n)
+ * Returns:
+ *   x0 - number of tags read/set
+ */
+SYM_FUNC_START(mte_copy_tags_to_user)
+	mov	x3, x0
+	cbz	x2, 2f
+1:
+	ldg	x4, [x1]
+	ubfx	x4, x4, #MTE_TAG_SHIFT, #MTE_TAG_SIZE
+	uao_user_alternative 2f, strb, sttrb, w4, x0, 0
+	add	x0, x0, #1
+	add	x1, x1, #MTE_GRANULE_SIZE
+	subs	x2, x2, #1
+	b.ne	1b
+
+	// exception handling and function return
+2:	sub	x0, x0, x3		// update the number of tags copied
+	ret
+SYM_FUNC_END(mte_copy_tags_to_user)

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 23/29] arm64: mte: ptrace: Add NT_ARM_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL regset
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (21 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 22/29] arm64: mte: ptrace: Add PTRACE_{PEEK,POKE}MTETAGS support Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 24/29] fs: Handle intra-page faults in copy_mount_options() Catalin Marinas
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton,
	Alan Hayward, Luis Machado, Omair Javaid

This regset allows read/write access to a ptraced process
prctl(PR_SET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL) setting.

Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Cc: Alan Hayward <Alan.Hayward@arm.com>
Cc: Luis Machado <luis.machado@linaro.org>
Cc: Omair Javaid <omair.javaid@linaro.org>
---

Notes:
    v8:
    - Removed user_regset_copyout().
    
    New in v7.

 arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c | 42 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/uapi/linux/elf.h   |  1 +
 2 files changed, 43 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c
index 101040a37d40..f49b349e16a3 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -1033,6 +1033,35 @@ static int pac_generic_keys_set(struct task_struct *target,
 #endif /* CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE */
 #endif /* CONFIG_ARM64_PTR_AUTH */
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_TAGGED_ADDR_ABI
+static int tagged_addr_ctrl_get(struct task_struct *target,
+				const struct user_regset *regset,
+				struct membuf to)
+{
+	long ctrl = get_tagged_addr_ctrl(target);
+
+	if (IS_ERR_VALUE(ctrl))
+		return ctrl;
+
+	return membuf_write(&to, &ctrl, sizeof(ctrl));
+}
+
+static int tagged_addr_ctrl_set(struct task_struct *target, const struct
+				user_regset *regset, unsigned int pos,
+				unsigned int count, const void *kbuf, const
+				void __user *ubuf)
+{
+	int ret;
+	long ctrl;
+
+	ret = user_regset_copyin(&pos, &count, &kbuf, &ubuf, &ctrl, 0, -1);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	return set_tagged_addr_ctrl(target, ctrl);
+}
+#endif
+
 enum aarch64_regset {
 	REGSET_GPR,
 	REGSET_FPR,
@@ -1052,6 +1081,9 @@ enum aarch64_regset {
 	REGSET_PACG_KEYS,
 #endif
 #endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_TAGGED_ADDR_ABI
+	REGSET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL,
+#endif
 };
 
 static const struct user_regset aarch64_regsets[] = {
@@ -1149,6 +1181,16 @@ static const struct user_regset aarch64_regsets[] = {
 	},
 #endif
 #endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_TAGGED_ADDR_ABI
+	[REGSET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL] = {
+		.core_note_type = NT_ARM_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL,
+		.n = 1,
+		.size = sizeof(long),
+		.align = sizeof(long),
+		.regset_get = tagged_addr_ctrl_get,
+		.set = tagged_addr_ctrl_set,
+	},
+#endif
 };
 
 static const struct user_regset_view user_aarch64_view = {
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/elf.h b/include/uapi/linux/elf.h
index 22220945a5fd..30f68b42eeb5 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/elf.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/elf.h
@@ -425,6 +425,7 @@ typedef struct elf64_shdr {
 #define NT_ARM_PAC_MASK		0x406	/* ARM pointer authentication code masks */
 #define NT_ARM_PACA_KEYS	0x407	/* ARM pointer authentication address keys */
 #define NT_ARM_PACG_KEYS	0x408	/* ARM pointer authentication generic key */
+#define NT_ARM_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL	0x409	/* arm64 tagged address control (prctl()) */
 #define NT_ARC_V2	0x600		/* ARCv2 accumulator/extra registers */
 #define NT_VMCOREDD	0x700		/* Vmcore Device Dump Note */
 #define NT_MIPS_DSP	0x800		/* MIPS DSP ASE registers */

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 24/29] fs: Handle intra-page faults in copy_mount_options()
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (22 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 23/29] arm64: mte: ptrace: Add NT_ARM_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL regset Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 25/29] mm: Add arch hooks for saving/restoring tags Catalin Marinas
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton,
	Alexander Viro

The copy_mount_options() function takes a user pointer argument but no
size and it tries to read up to a PAGE_SIZE. However, copy_from_user()
is not guaranteed to return all the accessible bytes if, for example,
the access crosses a page boundary and gets a fault on the second page.
To work around this, the current copy_mount_options() implementation
performs two copy_from_user() passes, first to the end of the current
page and the second to what's left in the subsequent page.

On arm64 with MTE enabled, access to a user page may trigger a fault
after part of the buffer in a page has been copied (when the user
pointer tag, bits 56-59, no longer matches the allocation tag stored in
memory). Allow copy_mount_options() to handle such intra-page faults by
resorting to byte at a time copy in case of copy_from_user() failure.

Note that copy_from_user() handles the zeroing of the kernel buffer in
case of error.

Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
---

Hi Al,

If there are any objections to this patch, please let me know.
Otherwise, I plan to queue it together with the rest of the arm64 MTE
series.

Thanks.

Notes:
    v6:
    - Simplified logic to fall-back to byte-by-byte if the copy_from_user()
      fails.
    
    v4:
    - Rewrite to avoid arch_has_exact_copy_from_user()
    
    New in v3.

 fs/namespace.c | 25 ++++++++++++++++++-------
 1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/namespace.c b/fs/namespace.c
index bae0e95b3713..32a0b9146757 100644
--- a/fs/namespace.c
+++ b/fs/namespace.c
@@ -3075,7 +3075,7 @@ static void shrink_submounts(struct mount *mnt)
 void *copy_mount_options(const void __user * data)
 {
 	char *copy;
-	unsigned size;
+	unsigned left, offset;
 
 	if (!data)
 		return NULL;
@@ -3084,16 +3084,27 @@ void *copy_mount_options(const void __user * data)
 	if (!copy)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 
-	size = PAGE_SIZE - offset_in_page(data);
+	left = copy_from_user(copy, data, PAGE_SIZE);
 
-	if (copy_from_user(copy, data, size)) {
+	/*
+	 * Not all architectures have an exact copy_from_user(). Resort to
+	 * byte at a time.
+	 */
+	offset = PAGE_SIZE - left;
+	while (left) {
+		char c;
+		if (get_user(c, (const char __user *)data + offset))
+			break;
+		copy[offset] = c;
+		left--;
+		offset++;
+	}
+
+	if (left == PAGE_SIZE) {
 		kfree(copy);
 		return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
 	}
-	if (size != PAGE_SIZE) {
-		if (copy_from_user(copy + size, data + size, PAGE_SIZE - size))
-			memset(copy + size, 0, PAGE_SIZE - size);
-	}
+
 	return copy;
 }
 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 25/29] mm: Add arch hooks for saving/restoring tags
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (23 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 24/29] fs: Handle intra-page faults in copy_mount_options() Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 26/29] arm64: mte: Enable swap of tagged pages Catalin Marinas
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton,
	Steven Price

From: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>

Arm's Memory Tagging Extension (MTE) adds some metadata (tags) to
every physical page, when swapping pages out to disk it is necessary to
save these tags, and later restore them when reading the pages back.

Add some hooks along with dummy implementations to enable the
arch code to handle this.

Three new hooks are added to the swap code:
 * arch_prepare_to_swap() and
 * arch_swap_invalidate_page() / arch_swap_invalidate_area().
One new hook is added to shmem:
 * arch_swap_restore()

Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
[catalin.marinas@arm.com: add unlock_page() on the error path]
[catalin.marinas@arm.com: dropped the _tags suffix]
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Acked-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---

Notes:
    v6:
    - Added comment on where the arch code should define the overriding
      macros (asm/pgtable.h).
    - Dropped _tags suffix from arch_swap_restore_tags().
    
    New in v4.

 include/linux/pgtable.h | 28 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 mm/page_io.c            | 10 ++++++++++
 mm/shmem.c              |  6 ++++++
 mm/swapfile.c           |  2 ++
 4 files changed, 46 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/pgtable.h b/include/linux/pgtable.h
index e8cbc2e795d5..dc3b74129fbc 100644
--- a/include/linux/pgtable.h
+++ b/include/linux/pgtable.h
@@ -633,6 +633,34 @@ static inline int arch_unmap_one(struct mm_struct *mm,
 }
 #endif
 
+/*
+ * Allow architectures to preserve additional metadata associated with
+ * swapped-out pages. The corresponding __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_* macros and function
+ * prototypes must be defined in the arch-specific asm/pgtable.h file.
+ */
+#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PREPARE_TO_SWAP
+static inline int arch_prepare_to_swap(struct page *page)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
+#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_INVALIDATE
+static inline void arch_swap_invalidate_page(int type, pgoff_t offset)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void arch_swap_invalidate_area(int type)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
+#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_RESTORE
+static inline void arch_swap_restore(swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGD_OFFSET_GATE
 #define pgd_offset_gate(mm, addr)	pgd_offset(mm, addr)
 #endif
diff --git a/mm/page_io.c b/mm/page_io.c
index e485a6e8a6cd..4ca28aad0d94 100644
--- a/mm/page_io.c
+++ b/mm/page_io.c
@@ -252,6 +252,16 @@ int swap_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc)
 		unlock_page(page);
 		goto out;
 	}
+	/*
+	 * Arch code may have to preserve more data than just the page
+	 * contents, e.g. memory tags.
+	 */
+	ret = arch_prepare_to_swap(page);
+	if (ret) {
+		set_page_dirty(page);
+		unlock_page(page);
+		goto out;
+	}
 	if (frontswap_store(page) == 0) {
 		set_page_writeback(page);
 		unlock_page(page);
diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
index ec94f4c7851e..e57d3314dc4b 100644
--- a/mm/shmem.c
+++ b/mm/shmem.c
@@ -1734,6 +1734,12 @@ static int shmem_swapin_page(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t index,
 	}
 	wait_on_page_writeback(page);
 
+	/*
+	 * Some architectures may have to restore extra metadata to the
+	 * physical page after reading from swap.
+	 */
+	arch_swap_restore(swap, page);
+
 	if (shmem_should_replace_page(page, gfp)) {
 		error = shmem_replace_page(&page, gfp, info, index);
 		if (error)
diff --git a/mm/swapfile.c b/mm/swapfile.c
index 12f59e641b5e..4b1d1a04e327 100644
--- a/mm/swapfile.c
+++ b/mm/swapfile.c
@@ -717,6 +717,7 @@ static void swap_range_free(struct swap_info_struct *si, unsigned long offset,
 	else
 		swap_slot_free_notify = NULL;
 	while (offset <= end) {
+		arch_swap_invalidate_page(si->type, offset);
 		frontswap_invalidate_page(si->type, offset);
 		if (swap_slot_free_notify)
 			swap_slot_free_notify(si->bdev, offset);
@@ -2682,6 +2683,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(swapoff, const char __user *, specialfile)
 	frontswap_map = frontswap_map_get(p);
 	spin_unlock(&p->lock);
 	spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
+	arch_swap_invalidate_area(p->type);
 	frontswap_invalidate_area(p->type);
 	frontswap_map_set(p, NULL);
 	mutex_unlock(&swapon_mutex);

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 26/29] arm64: mte: Enable swap of tagged pages
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (24 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 25/29] mm: Add arch hooks for saving/restoring tags Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 27/29] arm64: mte: Save tags when hibernating Catalin Marinas
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton,
	Steven Price

From: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>

When swapping pages out to disk it is necessary to save any tags that
have been set, and restore when swapping back in. Make use of the new
page flag (PG_ARCH_2, locally named PG_mte_tagged) to identify pages
with tags. When swapping out these pages the tags are stored in memory
and later restored when the pages are brought back in. Because shmem can
swap pages back in without restoring the userspace PTE it is also
necessary to add a hook for shmem.

Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
[catalin.marinas@arm.com: move function prototypes to mte.h]
[catalin.marinas@arm.com: drop '_tags' from arch_swap_restore_tags()]
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---

Notes:
    v6:
    - Remove stale copy of include/asm-generic/pgtable.h (bad conflict
      resolution in v5).
    - check_swap should be true for nr_pages == 1.
    
    New in v4.

 arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h     |  8 +++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h | 32 ++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c          | 19 +++++++-
 arch/arm64/lib/mte.S             | 45 +++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/mm/Makefile           |  1 +
 arch/arm64/mm/mteswap.c          | 83 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 6 files changed, 187 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/mm/mteswap.c

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
index 7ea0c0e526d1..1c99fcadb58c 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mte.h
@@ -21,6 +21,14 @@ unsigned long mte_copy_tags_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from,
 				      unsigned long n);
 unsigned long mte_copy_tags_to_user(void __user *to, void *from,
 				    unsigned long n);
+int mte_save_tags(struct page *page);
+void mte_save_page_tags(const void *page_addr, void *tag_storage);
+bool mte_restore_tags(swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page);
+void mte_restore_page_tags(void *page_addr, const void *tag_storage);
+void mte_invalidate_tags(int type, pgoff_t offset);
+void mte_invalidate_tags_area(int type);
+void *mte_allocate_tag_storage(void);
+void mte_free_tag_storage(char *storage);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_MTE
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
index 057c40b6f5e0..1c46fcd873f6 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
@@ -867,6 +867,38 @@ static inline pmd_t pmdp_establish(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 
 extern int kern_addr_valid(unsigned long addr);
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_MTE
+
+#define __HAVE_ARCH_PREPARE_TO_SWAP
+static inline int arch_prepare_to_swap(struct page *page)
+{
+	if (system_supports_mte())
+		return mte_save_tags(page);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+#define __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_INVALIDATE
+static inline void arch_swap_invalidate_page(int type, pgoff_t offset)
+{
+	if (system_supports_mte())
+		mte_invalidate_tags(type, offset);
+}
+
+static inline void arch_swap_invalidate_area(int type)
+{
+	if (system_supports_mte())
+		mte_invalidate_tags_area(type);
+}
+
+#define __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_RESTORE
+static inline void arch_swap_restore(swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
+{
+	if (system_supports_mte() && mte_restore_tags(entry, page))
+		set_bit(PG_mte_tagged, &page->flags);
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_ARM64_MTE */
+
 /*
  * On AArch64, the cache coherency is handled via the set_pte_at() function.
  */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
index 56e79807006c..52a0638ed967 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/mte.c
@@ -10,6 +10,8 @@
 #include <linux/sched.h>
 #include <linux/sched/mm.h>
 #include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/swapops.h>
 #include <linux/thread_info.h>
 #include <linux/uio.h>
 
@@ -18,15 +20,30 @@
 #include <asm/ptrace.h>
 #include <asm/sysreg.h>
 
+static void mte_sync_page_tags(struct page *page, pte_t *ptep, bool check_swap)
+{
+	pte_t old_pte = READ_ONCE(*ptep);
+
+	if (check_swap && is_swap_pte(old_pte)) {
+		swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(old_pte);
+
+		if (!non_swap_entry(entry) && mte_restore_tags(entry, page))
+			return;
+	}
+
+	mte_clear_page_tags(page_address(page));
+}
+
 void mte_sync_tags(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte)
 {
 	struct page *page = pte_page(pte);
 	long i, nr_pages = compound_nr(page);
+	bool check_swap = nr_pages == 1;
 
 	/* if PG_mte_tagged is set, tags have already been initialised */
 	for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++, page++) {
 		if (!test_and_set_bit(PG_mte_tagged, &page->flags))
-			mte_clear_page_tags(page_address(page));
+			mte_sync_page_tags(page, ptep, check_swap);
 	}
 }
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S b/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S
index 434f81d9a180..03ca6d8b8670 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S
@@ -104,3 +104,48 @@ SYM_FUNC_START(mte_copy_tags_to_user)
 2:	sub	x0, x0, x3		// update the number of tags copied
 	ret
 SYM_FUNC_END(mte_copy_tags_to_user)
+
+/*
+ * Save the tags in a page
+ *   x0 - page address
+ *   x1 - tag storage
+ */
+SYM_FUNC_START(mte_save_page_tags)
+	multitag_transfer_size x7, x5
+1:
+	mov	x2, #0
+2:
+	ldgm	x5, [x0]
+	orr	x2, x2, x5
+	add	x0, x0, x7
+	tst	x0, #0xFF		// 16 tag values fit in a register,
+	b.ne	2b			// which is 16*16=256 bytes
+
+	str	x2, [x1], #8
+
+	tst	x0, #(PAGE_SIZE - 1)
+	b.ne	1b
+
+	ret
+SYM_FUNC_END(mte_save_page_tags)
+
+/*
+ * Restore the tags in a page
+ *   x0 - page address
+ *   x1 - tag storage
+ */
+SYM_FUNC_START(mte_restore_page_tags)
+	multitag_transfer_size x7, x5
+1:
+	ldr	x2, [x1], #8
+2:
+	stgm	x2, [x0]
+	add	x0, x0, x7
+	tst	x0, #0xFF
+	b.ne	2b
+
+	tst	x0, #(PAGE_SIZE - 1)
+	b.ne	1b
+
+	ret
+SYM_FUNC_END(mte_restore_page_tags)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/Makefile b/arch/arm64/mm/Makefile
index d91030f0ffee..5bcc9e0aa259 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/Makefile
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PTDUMP_CORE)	+= dump.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PTDUMP_DEBUGFS)	+= ptdump_debugfs.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_NUMA)		+= numa.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_VIRTUAL)	+= physaddr.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_ARM64_MTE)		+= mteswap.o
 KASAN_SANITIZE_physaddr.o	+= n
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_KASAN)		+= kasan_init.o
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/mteswap.c b/arch/arm64/mm/mteswap.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c52c1847079c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/mteswap.c
@@ -0,0 +1,83 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+
+#include <linux/pagemap.h>
+#include <linux/xarray.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/swapops.h>
+#include <asm/mte.h>
+
+static DEFINE_XARRAY(mte_pages);
+
+void *mte_allocate_tag_storage(void)
+{
+	/* tags granule is 16 bytes, 2 tags stored per byte */
+	return kmalloc(PAGE_SIZE / 16 / 2, GFP_KERNEL);
+}
+
+void mte_free_tag_storage(char *storage)
+{
+	kfree(storage);
+}
+
+int mte_save_tags(struct page *page)
+{
+	void *tag_storage, *ret;
+
+	if (!test_bit(PG_mte_tagged, &page->flags))
+		return 0;
+
+	tag_storage = mte_allocate_tag_storage();
+	if (!tag_storage)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	mte_save_page_tags(page_address(page), tag_storage);
+
+	/* page_private contains the swap entry.val set in do_swap_page */
+	ret = xa_store(&mte_pages, page_private(page), tag_storage, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (WARN(xa_is_err(ret), "Failed to store MTE tags")) {
+		mte_free_tag_storage(tag_storage);
+		return xa_err(ret);
+	} else if (ret) {
+		/* Entry is being replaced, free the old entry */
+		mte_free_tag_storage(ret);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+bool mte_restore_tags(swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
+{
+	void *tags = xa_load(&mte_pages, entry.val);
+
+	if (!tags)
+		return false;
+
+	mte_restore_page_tags(page_address(page), tags);
+
+	return true;
+}
+
+void mte_invalidate_tags(int type, pgoff_t offset)
+{
+	swp_entry_t entry = swp_entry(type, offset);
+	void *tags = xa_erase(&mte_pages, entry.val);
+
+	mte_free_tag_storage(tags);
+}
+
+void mte_invalidate_tags_area(int type)
+{
+	swp_entry_t entry = swp_entry(type, 0);
+	swp_entry_t last_entry = swp_entry(type + 1, 0);
+	void *tags;
+
+	XA_STATE(xa_state, &mte_pages, entry.val);
+
+	xa_lock(&mte_pages);
+	xas_for_each(&xa_state, tags, last_entry.val - 1) {
+		__xa_erase(&mte_pages, xa_state.xa_index);
+		mte_free_tag_storage(tags);
+	}
+	xa_unlock(&mte_pages);
+}

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 27/29] arm64: mte: Save tags when hibernating
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (25 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 26/29] arm64: mte: Enable swap of tagged pages Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 28/29] arm64: mte: Kconfig entry Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 29/29] arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation Catalin Marinas
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton,
	Steven Price, James Morse

From: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>

When hibernating the contents of all pages in the system are written to
disk, however the MTE tags are not visible to the generic hibernation
code. So just before the hibernation image is created copy the tags out
of the physical tag storage into standard memory so they will be
included in the hibernation image. After hibernation apply the tags back
into the physical tag storage.

Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---

Notes:
    New in v4.

 arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c | 118 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 118 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
index 68e14152d6e9..23467092e24d 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
@@ -31,6 +31,7 @@
 #include <asm/kexec.h>
 #include <asm/memory.h>
 #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
+#include <asm/mte.h>
 #include <asm/pgalloc.h>
 #include <asm/pgtable-hwdef.h>
 #include <asm/sections.h>
@@ -285,6 +286,117 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
 
 #define dcache_clean_range(start, end)	__flush_dcache_area(start, (end - start))
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_MTE
+
+static DEFINE_XARRAY(mte_pages);
+
+static int save_tags(struct page *page, unsigned long pfn)
+{
+	void *tag_storage, *ret;
+
+	tag_storage = mte_allocate_tag_storage();
+	if (!tag_storage)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	mte_save_page_tags(page_address(page), tag_storage);
+
+	ret = xa_store(&mte_pages, pfn, tag_storage, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (WARN(xa_is_err(ret), "Failed to store MTE tags")) {
+		mte_free_tag_storage(tag_storage);
+		return xa_err(ret);
+	} else if (WARN(ret, "swsusp: %s: Duplicate entry", __func__)) {
+		mte_free_tag_storage(ret);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void swsusp_mte_free_storage(void)
+{
+	XA_STATE(xa_state, &mte_pages, 0);
+	void *tags;
+
+	xa_lock(&mte_pages);
+	xas_for_each(&xa_state, tags, ULONG_MAX) {
+		mte_free_tag_storage(tags);
+	}
+	xa_unlock(&mte_pages);
+
+	xa_destroy(&mte_pages);
+}
+
+static int swsusp_mte_save_tags(void)
+{
+	struct zone *zone;
+	unsigned long pfn, max_zone_pfn;
+	int ret = 0;
+	int n = 0;
+
+	if (!system_supports_mte())
+		return 0;
+
+	for_each_populated_zone(zone) {
+		max_zone_pfn = zone_end_pfn(zone);
+		for (pfn = zone->zone_start_pfn; pfn < max_zone_pfn; pfn++) {
+			struct page *page = pfn_to_online_page(pfn);
+
+			if (!page)
+				continue;
+
+			if (!test_bit(PG_mte_tagged, &page->flags))
+				continue;
+
+			ret = save_tags(page, pfn);
+			if (ret) {
+				swsusp_mte_free_storage();
+				goto out;
+			}
+
+			n++;
+		}
+	}
+	pr_info("Saved %d MTE pages\n", n);
+
+out:
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void swsusp_mte_restore_tags(void)
+{
+	XA_STATE(xa_state, &mte_pages, 0);
+	int n = 0;
+	void *tags;
+
+	xa_lock(&mte_pages);
+	xas_for_each(&xa_state, tags, ULONG_MAX) {
+		unsigned long pfn = xa_state.xa_index;
+		struct page *page = pfn_to_online_page(pfn);
+
+		mte_restore_page_tags(page_address(page), tags);
+
+		mte_free_tag_storage(tags);
+		n++;
+	}
+	xa_unlock(&mte_pages);
+
+	pr_info("Restored %d MTE pages\n", n);
+
+	xa_destroy(&mte_pages);
+}
+
+#else	/* CONFIG_ARM64_MTE */
+
+static int swsusp_mte_save_tags(void)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void swsusp_mte_restore_tags(void)
+{
+}
+
+#endif	/* CONFIG_ARM64_MTE */
+
 int swsusp_arch_suspend(void)
 {
 	int ret = 0;
@@ -302,6 +414,10 @@ int swsusp_arch_suspend(void)
 		/* make the crash dump kernel image visible/saveable */
 		crash_prepare_suspend();
 
+		ret = swsusp_mte_save_tags();
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+
 		sleep_cpu = smp_processor_id();
 		ret = swsusp_save();
 	} else {
@@ -315,6 +431,8 @@ int swsusp_arch_suspend(void)
 			dcache_clean_range(__hyp_text_start, __hyp_text_end);
 		}
 
+		swsusp_mte_restore_tags();
+
 		/* make the crash dump kernel image protected again */
 		crash_post_resume();
 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 28/29] arm64: mte: Kconfig entry
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (26 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 27/29] arm64: mte: Save tags when hibernating Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 29/29] arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation Catalin Marinas
  28 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

From: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>

Add Memory Tagging Extension support to the arm64 kbuild.

Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
Co-developed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---

Notes:
    v9:
    - Slight improvement on the ARM64_AS_HAS_MTE comment.
    
    v7:
    - Binutils gained initial support for MTE in 2.32.0. However, a late
      architecture addition (LDGM/STGM) is only supported in the newer
      2.32.x and 2.33 versions. Change the AS_HAS_MTE option to also check
      for stgm in addition to .arch armv8.5-a+memtag.
    
    v6:
    - Remove select ARCH_USES_PG_ARCH_2, no longer defined.
    
    v5:
    - Remove duplicate ARMv8.5 menu entry.
    
    v4:
    - select ARCH_USES_PG_ARCH_2.
    - remove ARCH_NO_SWAP.
    - default y.

 arch/arm64/Kconfig | 33 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 33 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index 6d232837cbee..e7450fbd0aa7 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -1664,6 +1664,39 @@ config ARCH_RANDOM
 	  provides a high bandwidth, cryptographically secure
 	  hardware random number generator.
 
+config ARM64_AS_HAS_MTE
+	# Initial support for MTE went in binutils 2.32.0, checked with
+	# ".arch armv8.5-a+memtag" below. However, this was incomplete
+	# as a late addition to the final architecture spec (LDGM/STGM)
+	# is only supported in the newer 2.32.x and 2.33 binutils
+	# versions, hence the extra "stgm" instruction check below.
+	def_bool $(as-instr,.arch armv8.5-a+memtag\nstgm xzr$(comma)[x0])
+
+config ARM64_MTE
+	bool "Memory Tagging Extension support"
+	default y
+	depends on ARM64_AS_HAS_MTE && ARM64_TAGGED_ADDR_ABI
+	select ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS
+	help
+	  Memory Tagging (part of the ARMv8.5 Extensions) provides
+	  architectural support for run-time, always-on detection of
+	  various classes of memory error to aid with software debugging
+	  to eliminate vulnerabilities arising from memory-unsafe
+	  languages.
+
+	  This option enables the support for the Memory Tagging
+	  Extension at EL0 (i.e. for userspace).
+
+	  Selecting this option allows the feature to be detected at
+	  runtime. Any secondary CPU not implementing this feature will
+	  not be allowed a late bring-up.
+
+	  Userspace binaries that want to use this feature must
+	  explicitly opt in. The mechanism for the userspace is
+	  described in:
+
+	  Documentation/arm64/memory-tagging-extension.rst.
+
 endmenu
 
 config ARM64_SVE

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v9 29/29] arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation
  2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
                   ` (27 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 28/29] arm64: mte: Kconfig entry Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:30 ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-17  8:11   ` Will Deacon
  2020-09-22 12:22   ` Andrey Konovalov
  28 siblings, 2 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-04 10:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton, libc-alpha

From: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>

Memory Tagging Extension (part of the ARMv8.5 Extensions) provides
a mechanism to detect the sources of memory related errors which
may be vulnerable to exploitation, including bounds violations,
use-after-free, use-after-return, use-out-of-scope and use before
initialization errors.

Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation for the arm64 linux
kernel support.

Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
Co-developed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Acked-by: Szabolcs Nagy <szabolcs.nagy@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
---

Notes:
    v7:
    - Add information on ptrace() regset access (NT_ARM_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL).
    
    v4:
    - Document behaviour of madvise(MADV_DONTNEED/MADV_FREE).
    - Document the initial process state on fork/execve.
    - Clarify when the kernel uaccess checks the tags.
    - Minor updates to the example code.
    - A few other minor clean-ups following review.
    
    v3:
    - Modify the uaccess checking conditions: only when the sync mode is
      selected by the user. In async mode, the kernel uaccesses are not
      checked.
    - Clarify that an include mask of 0 (exclude mask 0xffff) results in
      always generating tag 0.
    - Document the ptrace() interface.
    
    v2:
    - Documented the uaccess kernel tag checking mode.
    - Removed the BTI definitions from cpu-feature-registers.rst.
    - Removed the paragraph stating that MTE depends on the tagged address
      ABI (while the Kconfig entry does, there is no requirement for the
      user to enable both).
    - Changed the GCR_EL1.Exclude handling description following the change
      in the prctl() interface (include vs exclude mask).
    - Updated the example code.

 Documentation/arm64/cpu-feature-registers.rst |   2 +
 Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.rst            |   4 +
 Documentation/arm64/index.rst                 |   1 +
 .../arm64/memory-tagging-extension.rst        | 305 ++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 312 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/arm64/memory-tagging-extension.rst

diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/cpu-feature-registers.rst b/Documentation/arm64/cpu-feature-registers.rst
index f28853f80089..328e0c454fbd 100644
--- a/Documentation/arm64/cpu-feature-registers.rst
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/cpu-feature-registers.rst
@@ -175,6 +175,8 @@ infrastructure:
      +------------------------------+---------+---------+
      | Name                         |  bits   | visible |
      +------------------------------+---------+---------+
+     | MTE                          | [11-8]  |    y    |
+     +------------------------------+---------+---------+
      | SSBS                         | [7-4]   |    y    |
      +------------------------------+---------+---------+
      | BT                           | [3-0]   |    y    |
diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.rst b/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.rst
index 84a9fd2d41b4..bbd9cf54db6c 100644
--- a/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.rst
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.rst
@@ -240,6 +240,10 @@ HWCAP2_BTI
 
     Functionality implied by ID_AA64PFR0_EL1.BT == 0b0001.
 
+HWCAP2_MTE
+
+    Functionality implied by ID_AA64PFR1_EL1.MTE == 0b0010, as described
+    by Documentation/arm64/memory-tagging-extension.rst.
 
 4. Unused AT_HWCAP bits
 -----------------------
diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/index.rst b/Documentation/arm64/index.rst
index d9665d83c53a..43b0939d384e 100644
--- a/Documentation/arm64/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/index.rst
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@ ARM64 Architecture
     hugetlbpage
     legacy_instructions
     memory
+    memory-tagging-extension
     perf
     pointer-authentication
     silicon-errata
diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/memory-tagging-extension.rst b/Documentation/arm64/memory-tagging-extension.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e3709b536b89
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/memory-tagging-extension.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,305 @@
+===============================================
+Memory Tagging Extension (MTE) in AArch64 Linux
+===============================================
+
+Authors: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
+         Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
+
+Date: 2020-02-25
+
+This document describes the provision of the Memory Tagging Extension
+functionality in AArch64 Linux.
+
+Introduction
+============
+
+ARMv8.5 based processors introduce the Memory Tagging Extension (MTE)
+feature. MTE is built on top of the ARMv8.0 virtual address tagging TBI
+(Top Byte Ignore) feature and allows software to access a 4-bit
+allocation tag for each 16-byte granule in the physical address space.
+Such memory range must be mapped with the Normal-Tagged memory
+attribute. A logical tag is derived from bits 59-56 of the virtual
+address used for the memory access. A CPU with MTE enabled will compare
+the logical tag against the allocation tag and potentially raise an
+exception on mismatch, subject to system registers configuration.
+
+Userspace Support
+=================
+
+When ``CONFIG_ARM64_MTE`` is selected and Memory Tagging Extension is
+supported by the hardware, the kernel advertises the feature to
+userspace via ``HWCAP2_MTE``.
+
+PROT_MTE
+--------
+
+To access the allocation tags, a user process must enable the Tagged
+memory attribute on an address range using a new ``prot`` flag for
+``mmap()`` and ``mprotect()``:
+
+``PROT_MTE`` - Pages allow access to the MTE allocation tags.
+
+The allocation tag is set to 0 when such pages are first mapped in the
+user address space and preserved on copy-on-write. ``MAP_SHARED`` is
+supported and the allocation tags can be shared between processes.
+
+**Note**: ``PROT_MTE`` is only supported on ``MAP_ANONYMOUS`` and
+RAM-based file mappings (``tmpfs``, ``memfd``). Passing it to other
+types of mapping will result in ``-EINVAL`` returned by these system
+calls.
+
+**Note**: The ``PROT_MTE`` flag (and corresponding memory type) cannot
+be cleared by ``mprotect()``.
+
+**Note**: ``madvise()`` memory ranges with ``MADV_DONTNEED`` and
+``MADV_FREE`` may have the allocation tags cleared (set to 0) at any
+point after the system call.
+
+Tag Check Faults
+----------------
+
+When ``PROT_MTE`` is enabled on an address range and a mismatch between
+the logical and allocation tags occurs on access, there are three
+configurable behaviours:
+
+- *Ignore* - This is the default mode. The CPU (and kernel) ignores the
+  tag check fault.
+
+- *Synchronous* - The kernel raises a ``SIGSEGV`` synchronously, with
+  ``.si_code = SEGV_MTESERR`` and ``.si_addr = <fault-address>``. The
+  memory access is not performed. If ``SIGSEGV`` is ignored or blocked
+  by the offending thread, the containing process is terminated with a
+  ``coredump``.
+
+- *Asynchronous* - The kernel raises a ``SIGSEGV``, in the offending
+  thread, asynchronously following one or multiple tag check faults,
+  with ``.si_code = SEGV_MTEAERR`` and ``.si_addr = 0`` (the faulting
+  address is unknown).
+
+The user can select the above modes, per thread, using the
+``prctl(PR_SET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL, flags, 0, 0, 0)`` system call where
+``flags`` contain one of the following values in the ``PR_MTE_TCF_MASK``
+bit-field:
+
+- ``PR_MTE_TCF_NONE``  - *Ignore* tag check faults
+- ``PR_MTE_TCF_SYNC``  - *Synchronous* tag check fault mode
+- ``PR_MTE_TCF_ASYNC`` - *Asynchronous* tag check fault mode
+
+The current tag check fault mode can be read using the
+``prctl(PR_GET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL, 0, 0, 0, 0)`` system call.
+
+Tag checking can also be disabled for a user thread by setting the
+``PSTATE.TCO`` bit with ``MSR TCO, #1``.
+
+**Note**: Signal handlers are always invoked with ``PSTATE.TCO = 0``,
+irrespective of the interrupted context. ``PSTATE.TCO`` is restored on
+``sigreturn()``.
+
+**Note**: There are no *match-all* logical tags available for user
+applications.
+
+**Note**: Kernel accesses to the user address space (e.g. ``read()``
+system call) are not checked if the user thread tag checking mode is
+``PR_MTE_TCF_NONE`` or ``PR_MTE_TCF_ASYNC``. If the tag checking mode is
+``PR_MTE_TCF_SYNC``, the kernel makes a best effort to check its user
+address accesses, however it cannot always guarantee it.
+
+Excluding Tags in the ``IRG``, ``ADDG`` and ``SUBG`` instructions
+-----------------------------------------------------------------
+
+The architecture allows excluding certain tags to be randomly generated
+via the ``GCR_EL1.Exclude`` register bit-field. By default, Linux
+excludes all tags other than 0. A user thread can enable specific tags
+in the randomly generated set using the ``prctl(PR_SET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL,
+flags, 0, 0, 0)`` system call where ``flags`` contains the tags bitmap
+in the ``PR_MTE_TAG_MASK`` bit-field.
+
+**Note**: The hardware uses an exclude mask but the ``prctl()``
+interface provides an include mask. An include mask of ``0`` (exclusion
+mask ``0xffff``) results in the CPU always generating tag ``0``.
+
+Initial process state
+---------------------
+
+On ``execve()``, the new process has the following configuration:
+
+- ``PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE`` set to 0 (disabled)
+- Tag checking mode set to ``PR_MTE_TCF_NONE``
+- ``PR_MTE_TAG_MASK`` set to 0 (all tags excluded)
+- ``PSTATE.TCO`` set to 0
+- ``PROT_MTE`` not set on any of the initial memory maps
+
+On ``fork()``, the new process inherits the parent's configuration and
+memory map attributes with the exception of the ``madvise()`` ranges
+with ``MADV_WIPEONFORK`` which will have the data and tags cleared (set
+to 0).
+
+The ``ptrace()`` interface
+--------------------------
+
+``PTRACE_PEEKMTETAGS`` and ``PTRACE_POKEMTETAGS`` allow a tracer to read
+the tags from or set the tags to a tracee's address space. The
+``ptrace()`` system call is invoked as ``ptrace(request, pid, addr,
+data)`` where:
+
+- ``request`` - one of ``PTRACE_PEEKMTETAGS`` or ``PTRACE_PEEKMTETAGS``.
+- ``pid`` - the tracee's PID.
+- ``addr`` - address in the tracee's address space.
+- ``data`` - pointer to a ``struct iovec`` where ``iov_base`` points to
+  a buffer of ``iov_len`` length in the tracer's address space.
+
+The tags in the tracer's ``iov_base`` buffer are represented as one
+4-bit tag per byte and correspond to a 16-byte MTE tag granule in the
+tracee's address space.
+
+**Note**: If ``addr`` is not aligned to a 16-byte granule, the kernel
+will use the corresponding aligned address.
+
+``ptrace()`` return value:
+
+- 0 - tags were copied, the tracer's ``iov_len`` was updated to the
+  number of tags transferred. This may be smaller than the requested
+  ``iov_len`` if the requested address range in the tracee's or the
+  tracer's space cannot be accessed or does not have valid tags.
+- ``-EPERM`` - the specified process cannot be traced.
+- ``-EIO`` - the tracee's address range cannot be accessed (e.g. invalid
+  address) and no tags copied. ``iov_len`` not updated.
+- ``-EFAULT`` - fault on accessing the tracer's memory (``struct iovec``
+  or ``iov_base`` buffer) and no tags copied. ``iov_len`` not updated.
+- ``-EOPNOTSUPP`` - the tracee's address does not have valid tags (never
+  mapped with the ``PROT_MTE`` flag). ``iov_len`` not updated.
+
+**Note**: There are no transient errors for the requests above, so user
+programs should not retry in case of a non-zero system call return.
+
+``PTRACE_GETREGSET`` and ``PTRACE_SETREGSET`` with ``addr ==
+``NT_ARM_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL`` allow ``ptrace()`` access to the tagged
+address ABI control and MTE configuration of a process as per the
+``prctl()`` options described in
+Documentation/arm64/tagged-address-abi.rst and above. The corresponding
+``regset`` is 1 element of 8 bytes (``sizeof(long))``).
+
+Example of correct usage
+========================
+
+*MTE Example code*
+
+.. code-block:: c
+
+    /*
+     * To be compiled with -march=armv8.5-a+memtag
+     */
+    #include <errno.h>
+    #include <stdint.h>
+    #include <stdio.h>
+    #include <stdlib.h>
+    #include <unistd.h>
+    #include <sys/auxv.h>
+    #include <sys/mman.h>
+    #include <sys/prctl.h>
+
+    /*
+     * From arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h
+     */
+    #define HWCAP2_MTE              (1 << 18)
+
+    /*
+     * From arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/mman.h
+     */
+    #define PROT_MTE                 0x20
+
+    /*
+     * From include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
+     */
+    #define PR_SET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL 55
+    #define PR_GET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL 56
+    # define PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE  (1UL << 0)
+    # define PR_MTE_TCF_SHIFT       1
+    # define PR_MTE_TCF_NONE        (0UL << PR_MTE_TCF_SHIFT)
+    # define PR_MTE_TCF_SYNC        (1UL << PR_MTE_TCF_SHIFT)
+    # define PR_MTE_TCF_ASYNC       (2UL << PR_MTE_TCF_SHIFT)
+    # define PR_MTE_TCF_MASK        (3UL << PR_MTE_TCF_SHIFT)
+    # define PR_MTE_TAG_SHIFT       3
+    # define PR_MTE_TAG_MASK        (0xffffUL << PR_MTE_TAG_SHIFT)
+
+    /*
+     * Insert a random logical tag into the given pointer.
+     */
+    #define insert_random_tag(ptr) ({                       \
+            uint64_t __val;                                 \
+            asm("irg %0, %1" : "=r" (__val) : "r" (ptr));   \
+            __val;                                          \
+    })
+
+    /*
+     * Set the allocation tag on the destination address.
+     */
+    #define set_tag(tagged_addr) do {                                      \
+            asm volatile("stg %0, [%0]" : : "r" (tagged_addr) : "memory"); \
+    } while (0)
+
+    int main()
+    {
+            unsigned char *a;
+            unsigned long page_sz = sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
+            unsigned long hwcap2 = getauxval(AT_HWCAP2);
+
+            /* check if MTE is present */
+            if (!(hwcap2 & HWCAP2_MTE))
+                    return EXIT_FAILURE;
+
+            /*
+             * Enable the tagged address ABI, synchronous MTE tag check faults and
+             * allow all non-zero tags in the randomly generated set.
+             */
+            if (prctl(PR_SET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL,
+                      PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE | PR_MTE_TCF_SYNC | (0xfffe << PR_MTE_TAG_SHIFT),
+                      0, 0, 0)) {
+                    perror("prctl() failed");
+                    return EXIT_FAILURE;
+            }
+
+            a = mmap(0, page_sz, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
+                     MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0);
+            if (a == MAP_FAILED) {
+                    perror("mmap() failed");
+                    return EXIT_FAILURE;
+            }
+
+            /*
+             * Enable MTE on the above anonymous mmap. The flag could be passed
+             * directly to mmap() and skip this step.
+             */
+            if (mprotect(a, page_sz, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE | PROT_MTE)) {
+                    perror("mprotect() failed");
+                    return EXIT_FAILURE;
+            }
+
+            /* access with the default tag (0) */
+            a[0] = 1;
+            a[1] = 2;
+
+            printf("a[0] = %hhu a[1] = %hhu\n", a[0], a[1]);
+
+            /* set the logical and allocation tags */
+            a = (unsigned char *)insert_random_tag(a);
+            set_tag(a);
+
+            printf("%p\n", a);
+
+            /* non-zero tag access */
+            a[0] = 3;
+            printf("a[0] = %hhu a[1] = %hhu\n", a[0], a[1]);
+
+            /*
+             * If MTE is enabled correctly the next instruction will generate an
+             * exception.
+             */
+            printf("Expecting SIGSEGV...\n");
+            a[16] = 0xdd;
+
+            /* this should not be printed in the PR_MTE_TCF_SYNC mode */
+            printf("...haven't got one\n");
+
+            return EXIT_FAILURE;
+    }

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v9 04/29] arm64: kvm: mte: Hide the MTE CPUID information from the guests
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 04/29] arm64: kvm: mte: Hide the MTE CPUID information from the guests Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-04 10:46   ` Marc Zyngier
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Marc Zyngier @ 2020-09-04 10:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas
  Cc: linux-arm-kernel, linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon,
	Dave P Martin, Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton,
	Steven Price

On Fri, 04 Sep 2020 11:30:04 +0100,
Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> wrote:
> 
> KVM does not support MTE in guests yet, so clear the corresponding field
> in the ID_AA64PFR1_EL1 register. In addition, inject an undefined
> exception in the guest if it accesses one of the GCR_EL1, RGSR_EL1,
> TFSR_EL1 or TFSRE0_EL1 registers. While the emulate_sys_reg() function
> already injects an undefined exception, this patch prevents the
> unnecessary printk.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> Cc: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>
> Cc: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>

Acked-by: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>

	M.

-- 
Without deviation from the norm, progress is not possible.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v9 09/29] arm64: mte: Clear the tags when a page is mapped in user-space with PROT_MTE
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 09/29] arm64: mte: Clear the tags when a page is mapped in user-space with PROT_MTE Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-10 10:23   ` Steven Price
  2020-09-10 10:52     ` Catalin Marinas
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 48+ messages in thread
From: Steven Price @ 2020-09-10 10:23 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas, linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

On 04/09/2020 11:30, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> Pages allocated by the kernel are not guaranteed to have the tags
> zeroed, especially as the kernel does not (yet) use MTE itself. To
> ensure the user can still access such pages when mapped into its address
> space, clear the tags via set_pte_at(). A new page flag - PG_mte_tagged
> (PG_arch_2) - is used to track pages with valid allocation tags.
> 
> Since the zero page is mapped as pte_special(), it won't be covered by
> the above set_pte_at() mechanism. Clear its tags during early MTE
> initialisation.
> 
> Co-developed-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
[...]
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S b/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..a36705640086
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S
> @@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2020 ARM Ltd.
> + */
> +#include <linux/linkage.h>
> +
> +#include <asm/assembler.h>
> +#include <asm/sysreg.h>
> +
> +	.arch	armv8.5-a+memtag
> +
> +/*
> + * multitag_transfer_size - set \reg to the block size that is accessed by the
> + * LDGM/STGM instructions.
> + */
> +	.macro	multitag_transfer_size, reg, tmp
> +	mrs_s	\reg, SYS_GMID_EL1
> +	ubfx	\reg, \reg, #SYS_GMID_EL1_BS_SHIFT, #SYS_GMID_EL1_BS_SIZE
> +	mov	\tmp, #4
> +	lsl	\reg, \tmp, \reg
> +	.endm
> +
> +/*
> + * Clear the tags in a page
> + *   x0 - address of the page to be cleared
> + */
> +SYM_FUNC_START(mte_clear_page_tags)
> +	multitag_transfer_size x1, x2
> +1:	stgm	xzr, [x0]
> +	add	x0, x0, x1
> +	tst	x0, #(PAGE_SIZE - 1)
> +	b.ne	1b
> +	ret
> +SYM_FUNC_END(mte_clear_page_tags)
> 

Could the value of SYS_GMID_EL1 vary between CPUs and do we therefore 
need a preempt_disable() around mte_clear_page_tags() (and other 
functions in later patches)?

Steve

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v9 09/29] arm64: mte: Clear the tags when a page is mapped in user-space with PROT_MTE
  2020-09-10 10:23   ` Steven Price
@ 2020-09-10 10:52     ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-10 11:12       ` Steven Price
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-10 10:52 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Steven Price
  Cc: linux-arm-kernel, linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon,
	Dave P Martin, Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

On Thu, Sep 10, 2020 at 11:23:33AM +0100, Steven Price wrote:
> On 04/09/2020 11:30, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S
> > @@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
> > +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
> > +/*
> > + * Copyright (C) 2020 ARM Ltd.
> > + */
> > +#include <linux/linkage.h>
> > +
> > +#include <asm/assembler.h>
> > +#include <asm/sysreg.h>
> > +
> > +	.arch	armv8.5-a+memtag
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * multitag_transfer_size - set \reg to the block size that is accessed by the
> > + * LDGM/STGM instructions.
> > + */
> > +	.macro	multitag_transfer_size, reg, tmp
> > +	mrs_s	\reg, SYS_GMID_EL1
> > +	ubfx	\reg, \reg, #SYS_GMID_EL1_BS_SHIFT, #SYS_GMID_EL1_BS_SIZE
> > +	mov	\tmp, #4
> > +	lsl	\reg, \tmp, \reg
> > +	.endm
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Clear the tags in a page
> > + *   x0 - address of the page to be cleared
> > + */
> > +SYM_FUNC_START(mte_clear_page_tags)
> > +	multitag_transfer_size x1, x2
> > +1:	stgm	xzr, [x0]
> > +	add	x0, x0, x1
> > +	tst	x0, #(PAGE_SIZE - 1)
> > +	b.ne	1b
> > +	ret
> > +SYM_FUNC_END(mte_clear_page_tags)
> 
> Could the value of SYS_GMID_EL1 vary between CPUs and do we therefore need a
> preempt_disable() around mte_clear_page_tags() (and other functions in later
> patches)?

If they differ, disabling preemption here is not sufficient. We'd have
to trap the GMID_EL1 access at EL2 as well and emulate it (we do this
for CTR_EL0 in dcache_line_size).

I don't want to proactively implement this just in case we'll have
broken hardware (I feel a bit more optimistic today ;)).

-- 
Catalin

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v9 09/29] arm64: mte: Clear the tags when a page is mapped in user-space with PROT_MTE
  2020-09-10 10:52     ` Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-10 11:12       ` Steven Price
  2020-09-10 11:55         ` Catalin Marinas
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 48+ messages in thread
From: Steven Price @ 2020-09-10 11:12 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas
  Cc: linux-arm-kernel, linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon,
	Dave P Martin, Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

On 10/09/2020 11:52, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> On Thu, Sep 10, 2020 at 11:23:33AM +0100, Steven Price wrote:
>> On 04/09/2020 11:30, Catalin Marinas wrote:
>>> --- /dev/null
>>> +++ b/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S
>>> @@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
>>> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
>>> +/*
>>> + * Copyright (C) 2020 ARM Ltd.
>>> + */
>>> +#include <linux/linkage.h>
>>> +
>>> +#include <asm/assembler.h>
>>> +#include <asm/sysreg.h>
>>> +
>>> +	.arch	armv8.5-a+memtag
>>> +
>>> +/*
>>> + * multitag_transfer_size - set \reg to the block size that is accessed by the
>>> + * LDGM/STGM instructions.
>>> + */
>>> +	.macro	multitag_transfer_size, reg, tmp
>>> +	mrs_s	\reg, SYS_GMID_EL1
>>> +	ubfx	\reg, \reg, #SYS_GMID_EL1_BS_SHIFT, #SYS_GMID_EL1_BS_SIZE
>>> +	mov	\tmp, #4
>>> +	lsl	\reg, \tmp, \reg
>>> +	.endm
>>> +
>>> +/*
>>> + * Clear the tags in a page
>>> + *   x0 - address of the page to be cleared
>>> + */
>>> +SYM_FUNC_START(mte_clear_page_tags)
>>> +	multitag_transfer_size x1, x2
>>> +1:	stgm	xzr, [x0]
>>> +	add	x0, x0, x1
>>> +	tst	x0, #(PAGE_SIZE - 1)
>>> +	b.ne	1b
>>> +	ret
>>> +SYM_FUNC_END(mte_clear_page_tags)
>>
>> Could the value of SYS_GMID_EL1 vary between CPUs and do we therefore need a
>> preempt_disable() around mte_clear_page_tags() (and other functions in later
>> patches)?
> 
> If they differ, disabling preemption here is not sufficient. We'd have
> to trap the GMID_EL1 access at EL2 as well and emulate it (we do this
> for CTR_EL0 in dcache_line_size).

Hmm, good point. It's actually not possible to properly emulate this - 
EL2 can trap GMID_EL1 to provide a different (presumably smaller) size, 
but LDGM/STGM will still read/store the number of tags of the underlying 
hardware. While simple loops like we've got at the moment won't care 
(we'll just end up doing useless work), it won't be architecturally 
correct. The guest can always deduce the underlying value. So I think we 
can safely consider this broken hardware.

> I don't want to proactively implement this just in case we'll have
> broken hardware (I feel a bit more optimistic today ;)).

Given the above I think if we do have broken hardware the only sane 
thing to do would be to provide a way of overriding 
multitag_transfer_size to return the smallest size of all CPUs. Which 
works well enough for the uses we've currently got.

Steve

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v9 09/29] arm64: mte: Clear the tags when a page is mapped in user-space with PROT_MTE
  2020-09-10 11:12       ` Steven Price
@ 2020-09-10 11:55         ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-10 12:43           ` Steven Price
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-10 11:55 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Steven Price
  Cc: linux-arm-kernel, linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon,
	Dave P Martin, Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

On Thu, Sep 10, 2020 at 12:12:27PM +0100, Steven Price wrote:
> On 10/09/2020 11:52, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> > On Thu, Sep 10, 2020 at 11:23:33AM +0100, Steven Price wrote:
> > > On 04/09/2020 11:30, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> > > > --- /dev/null
> > > > +++ b/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S
> > > > @@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
> > > > +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
> > > > +/*
> > > > + * Copyright (C) 2020 ARM Ltd.
> > > > + */
> > > > +#include <linux/linkage.h>
> > > > +
> > > > +#include <asm/assembler.h>
> > > > +#include <asm/sysreg.h>
> > > > +
> > > > +	.arch	armv8.5-a+memtag
> > > > +
> > > > +/*
> > > > + * multitag_transfer_size - set \reg to the block size that is accessed by the
> > > > + * LDGM/STGM instructions.
> > > > + */
> > > > +	.macro	multitag_transfer_size, reg, tmp
> > > > +	mrs_s	\reg, SYS_GMID_EL1
> > > > +	ubfx	\reg, \reg, #SYS_GMID_EL1_BS_SHIFT, #SYS_GMID_EL1_BS_SIZE
> > > > +	mov	\tmp, #4
> > > > +	lsl	\reg, \tmp, \reg
> > > > +	.endm
> > > > +
> > > > +/*
> > > > + * Clear the tags in a page
> > > > + *   x0 - address of the page to be cleared
> > > > + */
> > > > +SYM_FUNC_START(mte_clear_page_tags)
> > > > +	multitag_transfer_size x1, x2
> > > > +1:	stgm	xzr, [x0]
> > > > +	add	x0, x0, x1
> > > > +	tst	x0, #(PAGE_SIZE - 1)
> > > > +	b.ne	1b
> > > > +	ret
> > > > +SYM_FUNC_END(mte_clear_page_tags)
> > > 
> > > Could the value of SYS_GMID_EL1 vary between CPUs and do we therefore need a
> > > preempt_disable() around mte_clear_page_tags() (and other functions in later
> > > patches)?
> > 
> > If they differ, disabling preemption here is not sufficient. We'd have
> > to trap the GMID_EL1 access at EL2 as well and emulate it (we do this
> > for CTR_EL0 in dcache_line_size).
> 
> Hmm, good point. It's actually not possible to properly emulate this - EL2
> can trap GMID_EL1 to provide a different (presumably smaller) size, but
> LDGM/STGM will still read/store the number of tags of the underlying
> hardware. While simple loops like we've got at the moment won't care (we'll
> just end up doing useless work), it won't be architecturally correct. The
> guest can always deduce the underlying value. So I think we can safely
> consider this broken hardware.

I think that's similar to the DC ZVA (and DCZID_EL0.BS) case where
faking it could lead to data corruption if the software assumes it
writes a maximum number of bytes.

(I meant to raise a ticket with the architects to make this a
requirement in the ARM ARM but forgot about it)

> > I don't want to proactively implement this just in case we'll have
> > broken hardware (I feel a bit more optimistic today ;)).
> 
> Given the above I think if we do have broken hardware the only sane thing to
> do would be to provide a way of overriding multitag_transfer_size to return
> the smallest size of all CPUs. Which works well enough for the uses we've
> currently got.

If we do have such broken hardware, we should probably drop the STGM
instructions in favour of STG or ST2G. Luckily, STGM/LDGM are not
available in user space.

-- 
Catalin

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v9 09/29] arm64: mte: Clear the tags when a page is mapped in user-space with PROT_MTE
  2020-09-10 11:55         ` Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-10 12:43           ` Steven Price
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Steven Price @ 2020-09-10 12:43 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas
  Cc: linux-arm-kernel, linux-mm, linux-arch, Will Deacon,
	Dave P Martin, Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton

On 10/09/2020 12:55, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> On Thu, Sep 10, 2020 at 12:12:27PM +0100, Steven Price wrote:
>> On 10/09/2020 11:52, Catalin Marinas wrote:
>>> On Thu, Sep 10, 2020 at 11:23:33AM +0100, Steven Price wrote:
>>>> On 04/09/2020 11:30, Catalin Marinas wrote:
>>>>> --- /dev/null
>>>>> +++ b/arch/arm64/lib/mte.S
>>>>> @@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
>>>>> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
>>>>> +/*
>>>>> + * Copyright (C) 2020 ARM Ltd.
>>>>> + */
>>>>> +#include <linux/linkage.h>
>>>>> +
>>>>> +#include <asm/assembler.h>
>>>>> +#include <asm/sysreg.h>
>>>>> +
>>>>> +	.arch	armv8.5-a+memtag
>>>>> +
>>>>> +/*
>>>>> + * multitag_transfer_size - set \reg to the block size that is accessed by the
>>>>> + * LDGM/STGM instructions.
>>>>> + */
>>>>> +	.macro	multitag_transfer_size, reg, tmp
>>>>> +	mrs_s	\reg, SYS_GMID_EL1
>>>>> +	ubfx	\reg, \reg, #SYS_GMID_EL1_BS_SHIFT, #SYS_GMID_EL1_BS_SIZE
>>>>> +	mov	\tmp, #4
>>>>> +	lsl	\reg, \tmp, \reg
>>>>> +	.endm
>>>>> +
>>>>> +/*
>>>>> + * Clear the tags in a page
>>>>> + *   x0 - address of the page to be cleared
>>>>> + */
>>>>> +SYM_FUNC_START(mte_clear_page_tags)
>>>>> +	multitag_transfer_size x1, x2
>>>>> +1:	stgm	xzr, [x0]
>>>>> +	add	x0, x0, x1
>>>>> +	tst	x0, #(PAGE_SIZE - 1)
>>>>> +	b.ne	1b
>>>>> +	ret
>>>>> +SYM_FUNC_END(mte_clear_page_tags)
>>>>
>>>> Could the value of SYS_GMID_EL1 vary between CPUs and do we therefore need a
>>>> preempt_disable() around mte_clear_page_tags() (and other functions in later
>>>> patches)?
>>>
>>> If they differ, disabling preemption here is not sufficient. We'd have
>>> to trap the GMID_EL1 access at EL2 as well and emulate it (we do this
>>> for CTR_EL0 in dcache_line_size).
>>
>> Hmm, good point. It's actually not possible to properly emulate this - EL2
>> can trap GMID_EL1 to provide a different (presumably smaller) size, but
>> LDGM/STGM will still read/store the number of tags of the underlying
>> hardware. While simple loops like we've got at the moment won't care (we'll
>> just end up doing useless work), it won't be architecturally correct. The
>> guest can always deduce the underlying value. So I think we can safely
>> consider this broken hardware.
> 
> I think that's similar to the DC ZVA (and DCZID_EL0.BS) case where
> faking it could lead to data corruption if the software assumes it
> writes a maximum number of bytes.
> 
> (I meant to raise a ticket with the architects to make this a
> requirement in the ARM ARM but forgot about it)

Yes, that looks like exactly the same issue.

>>> I don't want to proactively implement this just in case we'll have
>>> broken hardware (I feel a bit more optimistic today ;)).
>>
>> Given the above I think if we do have broken hardware the only sane thing to
>> do would be to provide a way of overriding multitag_transfer_size to return
>> the smallest size of all CPUs. Which works well enough for the uses we've
>> currently got.
> 
> If we do have such broken hardware, we should probably drop the STGM
> instructions in favour of STG or ST2G. Luckily, STGM/LDGM are not
> available in user space.
> 

STGM should be safe the way we're doing it as long as the block size 
we're using is <= the hardware block size (it'll just write multiple 
times, but we're writing more than the maximum block size so there's no 
data loss). Although it would be worthwhile to benchmark on the hardware 
to see whether it's actually worth it in that case or if STG/ST2G is 
actually faster.

Steve

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v9 29/29] arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 29/29] arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-17  8:11   ` Will Deacon
  2020-09-17  9:02     ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-22 12:22   ` Andrey Konovalov
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 48+ messages in thread
From: Will Deacon @ 2020-09-17  8:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas
  Cc: linux-arm-kernel, linux-mm, linux-arch, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton, libc-alpha

On Fri, Sep 04, 2020 at 11:30:29AM +0100, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> From: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
> 
> Memory Tagging Extension (part of the ARMv8.5 Extensions) provides
> a mechanism to detect the sources of memory related errors which
> may be vulnerable to exploitation, including bounds violations,
> use-after-free, use-after-return, use-out-of-scope and use before
> initialization errors.
> 
> Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation for the arm64 linux
> kernel support.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
> Co-developed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> Acked-by: Szabolcs Nagy <szabolcs.nagy@arm.com>

I'm taking this to mean that Szabolcs is happy with the proposed ABI --
please shout if that's not the case!

Wasn't there a man page kicking around too? Would be good to see that
go upstream (to the manpages project, of course).

Will

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v9 29/29] arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation
  2020-09-17  8:11   ` Will Deacon
@ 2020-09-17  9:02     ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-17 16:15       ` Dave Martin
  2020-09-22 15:52       ` Szabolcs Nagy
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-17  9:02 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Will Deacon
  Cc: linux-arm-kernel, linux-mm, linux-arch, Dave P Martin,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton, libc-alpha

On Thu, Sep 17, 2020 at 09:11:08AM +0100, Will Deacon wrote:
> On Fri, Sep 04, 2020 at 11:30:29AM +0100, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> > From: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
> > 
> > Memory Tagging Extension (part of the ARMv8.5 Extensions) provides
> > a mechanism to detect the sources of memory related errors which
> > may be vulnerable to exploitation, including bounds violations,
> > use-after-free, use-after-return, use-out-of-scope and use before
> > initialization errors.
> > 
> > Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation for the arm64 linux
> > kernel support.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
> > Co-developed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> > Acked-by: Szabolcs Nagy <szabolcs.nagy@arm.com>
> 
> I'm taking this to mean that Szabolcs is happy with the proposed ABI --
> please shout if that's not the case!

I think Szabolcs is still on holiday. To summarise the past threads,
AFAICT he's happy with this per-thread control ABI but the discussion
went on whether to expand it in the future (with a new bit) to
synchronise the tag checking mode across all threads of a process. This
adds some complications for the kernel as it needs an IPI to the other
CPUs to set SCTLR_EL1 and it's also racy with multiple threads
requesting different modes.

Now, in the glibc land, if the tag check mode is controlled via
environment variables, the dynamic loader can set this at process start
while still in single-threaded mode and not touch it at run-time. The
MTE checking can still be enabled at run-time, per mapped memory range
via the PROT_MTE flag. This approach doesn't require any additional
changes to the current patches. But it's for Szabolcs to confirm once
he's back.

> Wasn't there a man page kicking around too? Would be good to see that
> go upstream (to the manpages project, of course).

Dave started writing one for the tagged address ABI, not sure where that
is. For the MTE additions, we are waiting for the ABI to be upstreamed.

-- 
Catalin

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v9 29/29] arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation
  2020-09-17  9:02     ` Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-17 16:15       ` Dave Martin
  2020-09-18  8:30         ` Will Deacon
  2020-09-22 16:04         ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-22 15:52       ` Szabolcs Nagy
  1 sibling, 2 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Dave Martin @ 2020-09-17 16:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas
  Cc: Will Deacon, linux-arch, libc-alpha, Szabolcs Nagy,
	Andrey Konovalov, Kevin Brodsky, linux-mm, Andrew Morton,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Peter Collingbourne, linux-arm-kernel

On Thu, Sep 17, 2020 at 10:02:30AM +0100, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> On Thu, Sep 17, 2020 at 09:11:08AM +0100, Will Deacon wrote:
> > On Fri, Sep 04, 2020 at 11:30:29AM +0100, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> > > From: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
> > > 
> > > Memory Tagging Extension (part of the ARMv8.5 Extensions) provides
> > > a mechanism to detect the sources of memory related errors which
> > > may be vulnerable to exploitation, including bounds violations,
> > > use-after-free, use-after-return, use-out-of-scope and use before
> > > initialization errors.
> > > 
> > > Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation for the arm64 linux
> > > kernel support.
> > > 
> > > Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
> > > Co-developed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> > > Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> > > Acked-by: Szabolcs Nagy <szabolcs.nagy@arm.com>
> > 
> > I'm taking this to mean that Szabolcs is happy with the proposed ABI --
> > please shout if that's not the case!
> 
> I think Szabolcs is still on holiday. To summarise the past threads,
> AFAICT he's happy with this per-thread control ABI but the discussion
> went on whether to expand it in the future (with a new bit) to
> synchronise the tag checking mode across all threads of a process. This
> adds some complications for the kernel as it needs an IPI to the other
> CPUs to set SCTLR_EL1 and it's also racy with multiple threads
> requesting different modes.
> 
> Now, in the glibc land, if the tag check mode is controlled via
> environment variables, the dynamic loader can set this at process start
> while still in single-threaded mode and not touch it at run-time. The
> MTE checking can still be enabled at run-time, per mapped memory range
> via the PROT_MTE flag. This approach doesn't require any additional
> changes to the current patches. But it's for Szabolcs to confirm once
> he's back.
> 
> > Wasn't there a man page kicking around too? Would be good to see that
> > go upstream (to the manpages project, of course).
> 
> Dave started writing one for the tagged address ABI, not sure where that
> is. For the MTE additions, we are waiting for the ABI to be upstreamed.

The tagged address ABI control stuff is upstream in the man-pages-5.08
release.

I don't think anyone drafted anything for MTE yet.  Do we consider the
MTE ABI to be sufficiently stable now for it to be worth starting
drafting something?

Cheers
---Dave

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v9 29/29] arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation
  2020-09-17 16:15       ` Dave Martin
@ 2020-09-18  8:30         ` Will Deacon
  2020-10-14 23:43           ` Peter Collingbourne
  2020-09-22 16:04         ` Catalin Marinas
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 48+ messages in thread
From: Will Deacon @ 2020-09-18  8:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dave Martin
  Cc: Catalin Marinas, linux-arch, libc-alpha, Szabolcs Nagy,
	Andrey Konovalov, Kevin Brodsky, linux-mm, Andrew Morton,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Peter Collingbourne, linux-arm-kernel

On Thu, Sep 17, 2020 at 05:15:53PM +0100, Dave Martin wrote:
> On Thu, Sep 17, 2020 at 10:02:30AM +0100, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> > On Thu, Sep 17, 2020 at 09:11:08AM +0100, Will Deacon wrote:
> > > On Fri, Sep 04, 2020 at 11:30:29AM +0100, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> > > > From: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
> > > > 
> > > > Memory Tagging Extension (part of the ARMv8.5 Extensions) provides
> > > > a mechanism to detect the sources of memory related errors which
> > > > may be vulnerable to exploitation, including bounds violations,
> > > > use-after-free, use-after-return, use-out-of-scope and use before
> > > > initialization errors.
> > > > 
> > > > Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation for the arm64 linux
> > > > kernel support.
> > > > 
> > > > Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
> > > > Co-developed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> > > > Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> > > > Acked-by: Szabolcs Nagy <szabolcs.nagy@arm.com>
> > > 
> > > I'm taking this to mean that Szabolcs is happy with the proposed ABI --
> > > please shout if that's not the case!
> > 
> > I think Szabolcs is still on holiday. To summarise the past threads,
> > AFAICT he's happy with this per-thread control ABI but the discussion
> > went on whether to expand it in the future (with a new bit) to
> > synchronise the tag checking mode across all threads of a process. This
> > adds some complications for the kernel as it needs an IPI to the other
> > CPUs to set SCTLR_EL1 and it's also racy with multiple threads
> > requesting different modes.
> > 
> > Now, in the glibc land, if the tag check mode is controlled via
> > environment variables, the dynamic loader can set this at process start
> > while still in single-threaded mode and not touch it at run-time. The
> > MTE checking can still be enabled at run-time, per mapped memory range
> > via the PROT_MTE flag. This approach doesn't require any additional
> > changes to the current patches. But it's for Szabolcs to confirm once
> > he's back.
> > 
> > > Wasn't there a man page kicking around too? Would be good to see that
> > > go upstream (to the manpages project, of course).
> > 
> > Dave started writing one for the tagged address ABI, not sure where that
> > is. For the MTE additions, we are waiting for the ABI to be upstreamed.
> 
> The tagged address ABI control stuff is upstream in the man-pages-5.08
> release.
> 
> I don't think anyone drafted anything for MTE yet.  Do we consider the
> MTE ABI to be sufficiently stable now for it to be worth starting
> drafting something?

I think so, yes. I'm hoping to queue it for 5.10, once I have an Ack from
the Android tools side on the per-thread ABI.

Will

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v9 29/29] arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation
  2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 29/29] arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-17  8:11   ` Will Deacon
@ 2020-09-22 12:22   ` Andrey Konovalov
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Andrey Konovalov @ 2020-09-22 12:22 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas
  Cc: Linux ARM, Linux Memory Management List, linux-arch, Will Deacon,
	Dave P Martin, Vincenzo Frascino, Szabolcs Nagy, Kevin Brodsky,
	Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton, libc-alpha

On Fri, Sep 4, 2020 at 12:31 PM Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> wrote:
>
> From: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
>
> Memory Tagging Extension (part of the ARMv8.5 Extensions) provides
> a mechanism to detect the sources of memory related errors which
> may be vulnerable to exploitation, including bounds violations,
> use-after-free, use-after-return, use-out-of-scope and use before
> initialization errors.
>
> Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation for the arm64 linux
> kernel support.
>
> Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
> Co-developed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> Acked-by: Szabolcs Nagy <szabolcs.nagy@arm.com>
> Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
> ---
>
> Notes:
>     v7:
>     - Add information on ptrace() regset access (NT_ARM_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL).
>
>     v4:
>     - Document behaviour of madvise(MADV_DONTNEED/MADV_FREE).
>     - Document the initial process state on fork/execve.
>     - Clarify when the kernel uaccess checks the tags.
>     - Minor updates to the example code.
>     - A few other minor clean-ups following review.
>
>     v3:
>     - Modify the uaccess checking conditions: only when the sync mode is
>       selected by the user. In async mode, the kernel uaccesses are not
>       checked.
>     - Clarify that an include mask of 0 (exclude mask 0xffff) results in
>       always generating tag 0.
>     - Document the ptrace() interface.
>
>     v2:
>     - Documented the uaccess kernel tag checking mode.
>     - Removed the BTI definitions from cpu-feature-registers.rst.
>     - Removed the paragraph stating that MTE depends on the tagged address
>       ABI (while the Kconfig entry does, there is no requirement for the
>       user to enable both).
>     - Changed the GCR_EL1.Exclude handling description following the change
>       in the prctl() interface (include vs exclude mask).
>     - Updated the example code.
>
>  Documentation/arm64/cpu-feature-registers.rst |   2 +
>  Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.rst            |   4 +
>  Documentation/arm64/index.rst                 |   1 +
>  .../arm64/memory-tagging-extension.rst        | 305 ++++++++++++++++++
>  4 files changed, 312 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/arm64/memory-tagging-extension.rst
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/cpu-feature-registers.rst b/Documentation/arm64/cpu-feature-registers.rst
> index f28853f80089..328e0c454fbd 100644
> --- a/Documentation/arm64/cpu-feature-registers.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/arm64/cpu-feature-registers.rst
> @@ -175,6 +175,8 @@ infrastructure:
>       +------------------------------+---------+---------+
>       | Name                         |  bits   | visible |
>       +------------------------------+---------+---------+
> +     | MTE                          | [11-8]  |    y    |
> +     +------------------------------+---------+---------+
>       | SSBS                         | [7-4]   |    y    |
>       +------------------------------+---------+---------+
>       | BT                           | [3-0]   |    y    |
> diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.rst b/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.rst
> index 84a9fd2d41b4..bbd9cf54db6c 100644
> --- a/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.rst
> @@ -240,6 +240,10 @@ HWCAP2_BTI
>
>      Functionality implied by ID_AA64PFR0_EL1.BT == 0b0001.
>
> +HWCAP2_MTE
> +
> +    Functionality implied by ID_AA64PFR1_EL1.MTE == 0b0010, as described
> +    by Documentation/arm64/memory-tagging-extension.rst.
>
>  4. Unused AT_HWCAP bits
>  -----------------------
> diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/index.rst b/Documentation/arm64/index.rst
> index d9665d83c53a..43b0939d384e 100644
> --- a/Documentation/arm64/index.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/arm64/index.rst
> @@ -14,6 +14,7 @@ ARM64 Architecture
>      hugetlbpage
>      legacy_instructions
>      memory
> +    memory-tagging-extension
>      perf
>      pointer-authentication
>      silicon-errata
> diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/memory-tagging-extension.rst b/Documentation/arm64/memory-tagging-extension.rst
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..e3709b536b89
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/arm64/memory-tagging-extension.rst
> @@ -0,0 +1,305 @@
> +===============================================
> +Memory Tagging Extension (MTE) in AArch64 Linux
> +===============================================
> +
> +Authors: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
> +         Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> +
> +Date: 2020-02-25
> +
> +This document describes the provision of the Memory Tagging Extension
> +functionality in AArch64 Linux.
> +
> +Introduction
> +============
> +
> +ARMv8.5 based processors introduce the Memory Tagging Extension (MTE)
> +feature. MTE is built on top of the ARMv8.0 virtual address tagging TBI
> +(Top Byte Ignore) feature and allows software to access a 4-bit
> +allocation tag for each 16-byte granule in the physical address space.
> +Such memory range must be mapped with the Normal-Tagged memory
> +attribute. A logical tag is derived from bits 59-56 of the virtual
> +address used for the memory access. A CPU with MTE enabled will compare
> +the logical tag against the allocation tag and potentially raise an
> +exception on mismatch, subject to system registers configuration.
> +
> +Userspace Support
> +=================
> +
> +When ``CONFIG_ARM64_MTE`` is selected and Memory Tagging Extension is
> +supported by the hardware, the kernel advertises the feature to
> +userspace via ``HWCAP2_MTE``.
> +
> +PROT_MTE
> +--------
> +
> +To access the allocation tags, a user process must enable the Tagged
> +memory attribute on an address range using a new ``prot`` flag for
> +``mmap()`` and ``mprotect()``:
> +
> +``PROT_MTE`` - Pages allow access to the MTE allocation tags.
> +
> +The allocation tag is set to 0 when such pages are first mapped in the
> +user address space and preserved on copy-on-write. ``MAP_SHARED`` is
> +supported and the allocation tags can be shared between processes.
> +
> +**Note**: ``PROT_MTE`` is only supported on ``MAP_ANONYMOUS`` and
> +RAM-based file mappings (``tmpfs``, ``memfd``). Passing it to other
> +types of mapping will result in ``-EINVAL`` returned by these system
> +calls.
> +
> +**Note**: The ``PROT_MTE`` flag (and corresponding memory type) cannot
> +be cleared by ``mprotect()``.
> +
> +**Note**: ``madvise()`` memory ranges with ``MADV_DONTNEED`` and
> +``MADV_FREE`` may have the allocation tags cleared (set to 0) at any
> +point after the system call.
> +
> +Tag Check Faults
> +----------------
> +
> +When ``PROT_MTE`` is enabled on an address range and a mismatch between
> +the logical and allocation tags occurs on access, there are three
> +configurable behaviours:
> +
> +- *Ignore* - This is the default mode. The CPU (and kernel) ignores the
> +  tag check fault.
> +
> +- *Synchronous* - The kernel raises a ``SIGSEGV`` synchronously, with
> +  ``.si_code = SEGV_MTESERR`` and ``.si_addr = <fault-address>``. The
> +  memory access is not performed. If ``SIGSEGV`` is ignored or blocked
> +  by the offending thread, the containing process is terminated with a
> +  ``coredump``.
> +
> +- *Asynchronous* - The kernel raises a ``SIGSEGV``, in the offending
> +  thread, asynchronously following one or multiple tag check faults,
> +  with ``.si_code = SEGV_MTEAERR`` and ``.si_addr = 0`` (the faulting
> +  address is unknown).
> +
> +The user can select the above modes, per thread, using the
> +``prctl(PR_SET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL, flags, 0, 0, 0)`` system call where
> +``flags`` contain one of the following values in the ``PR_MTE_TCF_MASK``
> +bit-field:
> +
> +- ``PR_MTE_TCF_NONE``  - *Ignore* tag check faults
> +- ``PR_MTE_TCF_SYNC``  - *Synchronous* tag check fault mode
> +- ``PR_MTE_TCF_ASYNC`` - *Asynchronous* tag check fault mode
> +
> +The current tag check fault mode can be read using the
> +``prctl(PR_GET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL, 0, 0, 0, 0)`` system call.
> +
> +Tag checking can also be disabled for a user thread by setting the
> +``PSTATE.TCO`` bit with ``MSR TCO, #1``.
> +
> +**Note**: Signal handlers are always invoked with ``PSTATE.TCO = 0``,
> +irrespective of the interrupted context. ``PSTATE.TCO`` is restored on
> +``sigreturn()``.
> +
> +**Note**: There are no *match-all* logical tags available for user
> +applications.
> +
> +**Note**: Kernel accesses to the user address space (e.g. ``read()``
> +system call) are not checked if the user thread tag checking mode is
> +``PR_MTE_TCF_NONE`` or ``PR_MTE_TCF_ASYNC``. If the tag checking mode is
> +``PR_MTE_TCF_SYNC``, the kernel makes a best effort to check its user
> +address accesses, however it cannot always guarantee it.
> +
> +Excluding Tags in the ``IRG``, ``ADDG`` and ``SUBG`` instructions
> +-----------------------------------------------------------------
> +
> +The architecture allows excluding certain tags to be randomly generated
> +via the ``GCR_EL1.Exclude`` register bit-field. By default, Linux
> +excludes all tags other than 0. A user thread can enable specific tags
> +in the randomly generated set using the ``prctl(PR_SET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL,
> +flags, 0, 0, 0)`` system call where ``flags`` contains the tags bitmap
> +in the ``PR_MTE_TAG_MASK`` bit-field.
> +
> +**Note**: The hardware uses an exclude mask but the ``prctl()``
> +interface provides an include mask. An include mask of ``0`` (exclusion
> +mask ``0xffff``) results in the CPU always generating tag ``0``.
> +
> +Initial process state
> +---------------------
> +
> +On ``execve()``, the new process has the following configuration:
> +
> +- ``PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE`` set to 0 (disabled)
> +- Tag checking mode set to ``PR_MTE_TCF_NONE``
> +- ``PR_MTE_TAG_MASK`` set to 0 (all tags excluded)
> +- ``PSTATE.TCO`` set to 0
> +- ``PROT_MTE`` not set on any of the initial memory maps
> +
> +On ``fork()``, the new process inherits the parent's configuration and
> +memory map attributes with the exception of the ``madvise()`` ranges
> +with ``MADV_WIPEONFORK`` which will have the data and tags cleared (set
> +to 0).
> +
> +The ``ptrace()`` interface
> +--------------------------
> +
> +``PTRACE_PEEKMTETAGS`` and ``PTRACE_POKEMTETAGS`` allow a tracer to read
> +the tags from or set the tags to a tracee's address space. The
> +``ptrace()`` system call is invoked as ``ptrace(request, pid, addr,
> +data)`` where:
> +
> +- ``request`` - one of ``PTRACE_PEEKMTETAGS`` or ``PTRACE_PEEKMTETAGS``.

Typo here, one of those should be POKE.

> +- ``pid`` - the tracee's PID.
> +- ``addr`` - address in the tracee's address space.
> +- ``data`` - pointer to a ``struct iovec`` where ``iov_base`` points to
> +  a buffer of ``iov_len`` length in the tracer's address space.
> +
> +The tags in the tracer's ``iov_base`` buffer are represented as one
> +4-bit tag per byte and correspond to a 16-byte MTE tag granule in the
> +tracee's address space.
> +
> +**Note**: If ``addr`` is not aligned to a 16-byte granule, the kernel
> +will use the corresponding aligned address.
> +
> +``ptrace()`` return value:
> +
> +- 0 - tags were copied, the tracer's ``iov_len`` was updated to the
> +  number of tags transferred. This may be smaller than the requested
> +  ``iov_len`` if the requested address range in the tracee's or the
> +  tracer's space cannot be accessed or does not have valid tags.
> +- ``-EPERM`` - the specified process cannot be traced.
> +- ``-EIO`` - the tracee's address range cannot be accessed (e.g. invalid
> +  address) and no tags copied. ``iov_len`` not updated.
> +- ``-EFAULT`` - fault on accessing the tracer's memory (``struct iovec``
> +  or ``iov_base`` buffer) and no tags copied. ``iov_len`` not updated.
> +- ``-EOPNOTSUPP`` - the tracee's address does not have valid tags (never
> +  mapped with the ``PROT_MTE`` flag). ``iov_len`` not updated.
> +
> +**Note**: There are no transient errors for the requests above, so user
> +programs should not retry in case of a non-zero system call return.
> +
> +``PTRACE_GETREGSET`` and ``PTRACE_SETREGSET`` with ``addr ==
> +``NT_ARM_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL`` allow ``ptrace()`` access to the tagged
> +address ABI control and MTE configuration of a process as per the
> +``prctl()`` options described in
> +Documentation/arm64/tagged-address-abi.rst and above. The corresponding
> +``regset`` is 1 element of 8 bytes (``sizeof(long))``).
> +
> +Example of correct usage
> +========================
> +
> +*MTE Example code*
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +    /*
> +     * To be compiled with -march=armv8.5-a+memtag
> +     */
> +    #include <errno.h>
> +    #include <stdint.h>
> +    #include <stdio.h>
> +    #include <stdlib.h>
> +    #include <unistd.h>
> +    #include <sys/auxv.h>
> +    #include <sys/mman.h>
> +    #include <sys/prctl.h>
> +
> +    /*
> +     * From arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h
> +     */
> +    #define HWCAP2_MTE              (1 << 18)
> +
> +    /*
> +     * From arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/mman.h
> +     */
> +    #define PROT_MTE                 0x20
> +
> +    /*
> +     * From include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
> +     */
> +    #define PR_SET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL 55
> +    #define PR_GET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL 56
> +    # define PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE  (1UL << 0)
> +    # define PR_MTE_TCF_SHIFT       1
> +    # define PR_MTE_TCF_NONE        (0UL << PR_MTE_TCF_SHIFT)
> +    # define PR_MTE_TCF_SYNC        (1UL << PR_MTE_TCF_SHIFT)
> +    # define PR_MTE_TCF_ASYNC       (2UL << PR_MTE_TCF_SHIFT)
> +    # define PR_MTE_TCF_MASK        (3UL << PR_MTE_TCF_SHIFT)
> +    # define PR_MTE_TAG_SHIFT       3
> +    # define PR_MTE_TAG_MASK        (0xffffUL << PR_MTE_TAG_SHIFT)
> +
> +    /*
> +     * Insert a random logical tag into the given pointer.
> +     */
> +    #define insert_random_tag(ptr) ({                       \
> +            uint64_t __val;                                 \
> +            asm("irg %0, %1" : "=r" (__val) : "r" (ptr));   \
> +            __val;                                          \
> +    })
> +
> +    /*
> +     * Set the allocation tag on the destination address.
> +     */
> +    #define set_tag(tagged_addr) do {                                      \
> +            asm volatile("stg %0, [%0]" : : "r" (tagged_addr) : "memory"); \
> +    } while (0)
> +
> +    int main()
> +    {
> +            unsigned char *a;
> +            unsigned long page_sz = sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
> +            unsigned long hwcap2 = getauxval(AT_HWCAP2);
> +
> +            /* check if MTE is present */
> +            if (!(hwcap2 & HWCAP2_MTE))
> +                    return EXIT_FAILURE;
> +
> +            /*
> +             * Enable the tagged address ABI, synchronous MTE tag check faults and
> +             * allow all non-zero tags in the randomly generated set.
> +             */
> +            if (prctl(PR_SET_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL,
> +                      PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE | PR_MTE_TCF_SYNC | (0xfffe << PR_MTE_TAG_SHIFT),
> +                      0, 0, 0)) {
> +                    perror("prctl() failed");
> +                    return EXIT_FAILURE;
> +            }
> +
> +            a = mmap(0, page_sz, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
> +                     MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0);
> +            if (a == MAP_FAILED) {
> +                    perror("mmap() failed");
> +                    return EXIT_FAILURE;
> +            }
> +
> +            /*
> +             * Enable MTE on the above anonymous mmap. The flag could be passed
> +             * directly to mmap() and skip this step.
> +             */
> +            if (mprotect(a, page_sz, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE | PROT_MTE)) {
> +                    perror("mprotect() failed");
> +                    return EXIT_FAILURE;
> +            }
> +
> +            /* access with the default tag (0) */
> +            a[0] = 1;
> +            a[1] = 2;
> +
> +            printf("a[0] = %hhu a[1] = %hhu\n", a[0], a[1]);
> +
> +            /* set the logical and allocation tags */
> +            a = (unsigned char *)insert_random_tag(a);
> +            set_tag(a);
> +
> +            printf("%p\n", a);
> +
> +            /* non-zero tag access */
> +            a[0] = 3;
> +            printf("a[0] = %hhu a[1] = %hhu\n", a[0], a[1]);
> +
> +            /*
> +             * If MTE is enabled correctly the next instruction will generate an
> +             * exception.
> +             */
> +            printf("Expecting SIGSEGV...\n");
> +            a[16] = 0xdd;
> +
> +            /* this should not be printed in the PR_MTE_TCF_SYNC mode */
> +            printf("...haven't got one\n");
> +
> +            return EXIT_FAILURE;
> +    }

Acked-by: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@google.com>

Thanks!

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v9 29/29] arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation
  2020-09-17  9:02     ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-17 16:15       ` Dave Martin
@ 2020-09-22 15:52       ` Szabolcs Nagy
  2020-09-22 16:55         ` Catalin Marinas
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 48+ messages in thread
From: Szabolcs Nagy @ 2020-09-22 15:52 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas
  Cc: Will Deacon, linux-arm-kernel, linux-mm, linux-arch,
	Dave P Martin, Vincenzo Frascino, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton, libc-alpha

The 09/17/2020 10:02, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> On Thu, Sep 17, 2020 at 09:11:08AM +0100, Will Deacon wrote:
> > On Fri, Sep 04, 2020 at 11:30:29AM +0100, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> > > From: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
...
> > > Acked-by: Szabolcs Nagy <szabolcs.nagy@arm.com>
> > 
> > I'm taking this to mean that Szabolcs is happy with the proposed ABI --
> > please shout if that's not the case!
> 
> I think Szabolcs is still on holiday. To summarise the past threads,
> AFAICT he's happy with this per-thread control ABI but the discussion
> went on whether to expand it in the future (with a new bit) to
> synchronise the tag checking mode across all threads of a process. This
> adds some complications for the kernel as it needs an IPI to the other
> CPUs to set SCTLR_EL1 and it's also racy with multiple threads
> requesting different modes.
> 
> Now, in the glibc land, if the tag check mode is controlled via
> environment variables, the dynamic loader can set this at process start
> while still in single-threaded mode and not touch it at run-time. The
> MTE checking can still be enabled at run-time, per mapped memory range
> via the PROT_MTE flag. This approach doesn't require any additional
> changes to the current patches. But it's for Szabolcs to confirm once
> he's back.

my thinking now is that for PROT_MTE use outside
of libc we will need a way to enable tag checks
early so user code does not have to worry about
tag check settings across threads (coordinating
the setting at runtime seems problematic, same
for the irg exclusion set).

if we add a kernel level opt-in mechanism for tag
checks later (e.g. elf marking) or if the settings
are exclusively owned by early libc code then i
think the proposed abi is ok (this is our current
agreement and works as long as no late runtime
change is needed to the settings).

i'm now wondering about the default tag check mode:
it may be better to enable sync tag checks in the
kernel. it's not clear to me what would break with
that. this is probably late to discuss now and libc
would need ways to override the default no matter
what, but i'd like to know if somebody sees problems
or risks with unconditional sync tag checks turned on
(sorry i don't remember if we went through this before).
i assume it would have no effect on a process that
never uses PROT_MTE.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v9 29/29] arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation
  2020-09-17 16:15       ` Dave Martin
  2020-09-18  8:30         ` Will Deacon
@ 2020-09-22 16:04         ` Catalin Marinas
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-22 16:04 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Dave Martin
  Cc: Will Deacon, linux-arch, libc-alpha, Szabolcs Nagy,
	Andrey Konovalov, Kevin Brodsky, linux-mm, Andrew Morton,
	Vincenzo Frascino, Peter Collingbourne, linux-arm-kernel

On Thu, Sep 17, 2020 at 05:15:53PM +0100, Dave P Martin wrote:
> On Thu, Sep 17, 2020 at 10:02:30AM +0100, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> > On Thu, Sep 17, 2020 at 09:11:08AM +0100, Will Deacon wrote:
> > > Wasn't there a man page kicking around too? Would be good to see that
> > > go upstream (to the manpages project, of course).
> > 
> > Dave started writing one for the tagged address ABI, not sure where that
> > is. For the MTE additions, we are waiting for the ABI to be upstreamed.
> 
> The tagged address ABI control stuff is upstream in the man-pages-5.08
> release.
> 
> I don't think anyone drafted anything for MTE yet.  Do we consider the
> MTE ABI to be sufficiently stable now for it to be worth starting
> drafting something?

Yes, the ABI is stable. The patches are in linux-next and, unless
something broken is found, we aim for 5.10.

-- 
Catalin

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v9 29/29] arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation
  2020-09-22 15:52       ` Szabolcs Nagy
@ 2020-09-22 16:55         ` Catalin Marinas
  2020-09-23  9:10           ` Szabolcs Nagy
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 48+ messages in thread
From: Catalin Marinas @ 2020-09-22 16:55 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Szabolcs Nagy
  Cc: Will Deacon, linux-arm-kernel, linux-mm, linux-arch,
	Dave P Martin, Vincenzo Frascino, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton, libc-alpha

Hi Szabolcs,

On Tue, Sep 22, 2020 at 04:52:49PM +0100, Szabolcs Nagy wrote:
> The 09/17/2020 10:02, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> > On Thu, Sep 17, 2020 at 09:11:08AM +0100, Will Deacon wrote:
> > > On Fri, Sep 04, 2020 at 11:30:29AM +0100, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> > > > From: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
> ...
> > > > Acked-by: Szabolcs Nagy <szabolcs.nagy@arm.com>
> > > 
> > > I'm taking this to mean that Szabolcs is happy with the proposed ABI --
> > > please shout if that's not the case!
> > 
> > I think Szabolcs is still on holiday. To summarise the past threads,
> > AFAICT he's happy with this per-thread control ABI but the discussion
> > went on whether to expand it in the future (with a new bit) to
> > synchronise the tag checking mode across all threads of a process. This
> > adds some complications for the kernel as it needs an IPI to the other
> > CPUs to set SCTLR_EL1 and it's also racy with multiple threads
> > requesting different modes.
> > 
> > Now, in the glibc land, if the tag check mode is controlled via
> > environment variables, the dynamic loader can set this at process start
> > while still in single-threaded mode and not touch it at run-time. The
> > MTE checking can still be enabled at run-time, per mapped memory range
> > via the PROT_MTE flag. This approach doesn't require any additional
> > changes to the current patches. But it's for Szabolcs to confirm once
> > he's back.
> 
> my thinking now is that for PROT_MTE use outside of libc we will need
> a way to enable tag checks early so user code does not have to worry
> about tag check settings across threads (coordinating the setting at
> runtime seems problematic, same for the irg exclusion set).

Yeah, such settings are better set at process start time.

We can explore synchronising across threads with an additional PR_* flag
but given the interaction with stack tagging and other potential races,
it will need better coordination with user space and agree on which
settings can be changed (e.g. exclusion mask may not be allowed).
However, at this point, I don't see a strong case for such ABI addition
as long as the application starts with some sane defaults, potentially
driven by the user.

> if we add a kernel level opt-in mechanism for tag checks later (e.g.
> elf marking) or if the settings are exclusively owned by early libc
> code then i think the proposed abi is ok (this is our current
> agreement and works as long as no late runtime change is needed to the
> settings).

In the Android case, run-time changes to the tag checking mode I think
are expected (usually via signal handlers), though per-thread.

> i'm now wondering about the default tag check mode: it may be better
> to enable sync tag checks in the kernel. it's not clear to me what
> would break with that. this is probably late to discuss now and libc
> would need ways to override the default no matter what, but i'd like
> to know if somebody sees problems or risks with unconditional sync tag
> checks turned on (sorry i don't remember if we went through this
> before). i assume it would have no effect on a process that never uses
> PROT_MTE.

I don't think it helps much. We already have a requirement that to be
able to pass tagged pointers to kernel syscalls, the user needs a
prctl(PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE) call (code already in mainline). Using
PROT_MTE without tagged pointers won't be of much use. So if we are to
set different tag check defaults, we should also enable the tagged addr
ABI automatically.

That said, I still have a preference for MTE and tagged addr ABI to be
explicitly requested by the (human) user either via environment
variables or marked in an ELF note as "safe with/using tags". Given the
recent mremap() issue we caused in glibc, I'm worried that other things
may break with enabling the tagged addr ABI everywhere.

Another aspect is that sync mode by default in a distro where glibc is
MTE-aware will lead to performance regressions. That's another case in
favour of the user explicitly asking for tag checking.

Anyway, I'm open to having a debate on changing the defaults.

-- 
Catalin

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v9 29/29] arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation
  2020-09-22 16:55         ` Catalin Marinas
@ 2020-09-23  9:10           ` Szabolcs Nagy
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Szabolcs Nagy @ 2020-09-23  9:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Catalin Marinas
  Cc: Will Deacon, linux-arm-kernel, linux-mm, linux-arch,
	Dave P Martin, Vincenzo Frascino, Kevin Brodsky,
	Andrey Konovalov, Peter Collingbourne, Andrew Morton, libc-alpha

The 09/22/2020 17:55, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> On Tue, Sep 22, 2020 at 04:52:49PM +0100, Szabolcs Nagy wrote:
> > if we add a kernel level opt-in mechanism for tag checks later (e.g.
> > elf marking) or if the settings are exclusively owned by early libc
> > code then i think the proposed abi is ok (this is our current
> > agreement and works as long as no late runtime change is needed to the
> > settings).
> 
> In the Android case, run-time changes to the tag checking mode I think
> are expected (usually via signal handlers), though per-thread.

ok that works, but does not help allocators or
runtimes that don't own the signal handlers.

> > i'm now wondering about the default tag check mode: it may be better
> > to enable sync tag checks in the kernel. it's not clear to me what
> > would break with that. this is probably late to discuss now and libc
> > would need ways to override the default no matter what, but i'd like
> > to know if somebody sees problems or risks with unconditional sync tag
> > checks turned on (sorry i don't remember if we went through this
> > before). i assume it would have no effect on a process that never uses
> > PROT_MTE.
> 
> I don't think it helps much. We already have a requirement that to be
> able to pass tagged pointers to kernel syscalls, the user needs a
> prctl(PR_TAGGED_ADDR_ENABLE) call (code already in mainline). Using
> PROT_MTE without tagged pointers won't be of much use. So if we are to
> set different tag check defaults, we should also enable the tagged addr
> ABI automatically.
> 
> That said, I still have a preference for MTE and tagged addr ABI to be
> explicitly requested by the (human) user either via environment
> variables or marked in an ELF note as "safe with/using tags". Given the
> recent mremap() issue we caused in glibc, I'm worried that other things
> may break with enabling the tagged addr ABI everywhere.
> 
> Another aspect is that sync mode by default in a distro where glibc is
> MTE-aware will lead to performance regressions. That's another case in
> favour of the user explicitly asking for tag checking.

ok this all makes sense to me.

> 
> Anyway, I'm open to having a debate on changing the defaults.
> 
> -- 
> Catalin

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v9 29/29] arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation
  2020-09-18  8:30         ` Will Deacon
@ 2020-10-14 23:43           ` Peter Collingbourne
  2020-10-15  8:57             ` Will Deacon
  2020-10-15 11:14             ` Szabolcs Nagy
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Peter Collingbourne @ 2020-10-14 23:43 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Will Deacon
  Cc: Dave Martin, Catalin Marinas, linux-arch, libc-alpha,
	Szabolcs Nagy, Andrey Konovalov, Kevin Brodsky, linux-mm,
	Andrew Morton, Vincenzo Frascino, Linux ARM

On Fri, Sep 18, 2020 at 1:30 AM Will Deacon <will@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> On Thu, Sep 17, 2020 at 05:15:53PM +0100, Dave Martin wrote:
> > On Thu, Sep 17, 2020 at 10:02:30AM +0100, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> > > On Thu, Sep 17, 2020 at 09:11:08AM +0100, Will Deacon wrote:
> > > > On Fri, Sep 04, 2020 at 11:30:29AM +0100, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> > > > > From: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
> > > > >
> > > > > Memory Tagging Extension (part of the ARMv8.5 Extensions) provides
> > > > > a mechanism to detect the sources of memory related errors which
> > > > > may be vulnerable to exploitation, including bounds violations,
> > > > > use-after-free, use-after-return, use-out-of-scope and use before
> > > > > initialization errors.
> > > > >
> > > > > Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation for the arm64 linux
> > > > > kernel support.
> > > > >
> > > > > Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
> > > > > Co-developed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> > > > > Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> > > > > Acked-by: Szabolcs Nagy <szabolcs.nagy@arm.com>
> > > >
> > > > I'm taking this to mean that Szabolcs is happy with the proposed ABI --
> > > > please shout if that's not the case!
> > >
> > > I think Szabolcs is still on holiday. To summarise the past threads,
> > > AFAICT he's happy with this per-thread control ABI but the discussion
> > > went on whether to expand it in the future (with a new bit) to
> > > synchronise the tag checking mode across all threads of a process. This
> > > adds some complications for the kernel as it needs an IPI to the other
> > > CPUs to set SCTLR_EL1 and it's also racy with multiple threads
> > > requesting different modes.
> > >
> > > Now, in the glibc land, if the tag check mode is controlled via
> > > environment variables, the dynamic loader can set this at process start
> > > while still in single-threaded mode and not touch it at run-time. The
> > > MTE checking can still be enabled at run-time, per mapped memory range
> > > via the PROT_MTE flag. This approach doesn't require any additional
> > > changes to the current patches. But it's for Szabolcs to confirm once
> > > he's back.
> > >
> > > > Wasn't there a man page kicking around too? Would be good to see that
> > > > go upstream (to the manpages project, of course).
> > >
> > > Dave started writing one for the tagged address ABI, not sure where that
> > > is. For the MTE additions, we are waiting for the ABI to be upstreamed.
> >
> > The tagged address ABI control stuff is upstream in the man-pages-5.08
> > release.
> >
> > I don't think anyone drafted anything for MTE yet.  Do we consider the
> > MTE ABI to be sufficiently stable now for it to be worth starting
> > drafting something?
>
> I think so, yes. I'm hoping to queue it for 5.10, once I have an Ack from
> the Android tools side on the per-thread ABI.

Our main requirement on the Android side is to provide an API for
changing the tag checking mode in all threads in a process while
multiple threads are running. I think we've been able to accomplish
this [1] by using a libc private real-time signal which is sent to all
threads. The implementation has been tested on FVP via the included
unit tests. The code has also been tested on real hardware in a
multi-threaded app process (of course we don't have MTE-enabled
hardware, so the implementation was tested on hardware by hacking it
to disable the tagged address ABI instead of changing the tag checking
mode, and then verifying via ptrace(PTRACE_GETREGSET) that the tagged
address ABI was disabled in all threads).

That being said, as with any code at the nexus of concurrency and
POSIX signals, the implementation is quite tricky so I would say it
falls more into the category of "no obvious problems" than "obviously
no problems". It also relies on changes to the implementations of
pthread APIs so it wouldn't catch threads created directly via clone()
rather than via pthread_create(). I think we would be able to ignore
such threads on Android without causing compatibility issues because
we can require the process to not create threads via clone() before
calling the function. I imagine this may not necessarily work for
other libcs like glibc, though, but as I understand it glibc has no
plan to offer such an API.

I feel confident enough in the kernel API though that I think that
it's reasonable as a starting point at least, and that if a problem
with the API is discovered I would expect it to be fixable by adding
new APIs, so:

Acked-by: Peter Collingbourne <pcc@google.com>

Peter

[1] https://android-review.googlesource.com/c/platform/bionic/+/1427377

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v9 29/29] arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation
  2020-10-14 23:43           ` Peter Collingbourne
@ 2020-10-15  8:57             ` Will Deacon
  2020-10-15 11:14             ` Szabolcs Nagy
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Will Deacon @ 2020-10-15  8:57 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Peter Collingbourne
  Cc: Dave Martin, Catalin Marinas, linux-arch, libc-alpha,
	Szabolcs Nagy, Andrey Konovalov, Kevin Brodsky, linux-mm,
	Andrew Morton, Vincenzo Frascino, Linux ARM

On Wed, Oct 14, 2020 at 04:43:23PM -0700, Peter Collingbourne wrote:
> On Fri, Sep 18, 2020 at 1:30 AM Will Deacon <will@kernel.org> wrote:
> > I think so, yes. I'm hoping to queue it for 5.10, once I have an Ack from
> > the Android tools side on the per-thread ABI.
> 
> Our main requirement on the Android side is to provide an API for
> changing the tag checking mode in all threads in a process while
> multiple threads are running. I think we've been able to accomplish
> this [1] by using a libc private real-time signal which is sent to all
> threads. The implementation has been tested on FVP via the included
> unit tests. The code has also been tested on real hardware in a
> multi-threaded app process (of course we don't have MTE-enabled
> hardware, so the implementation was tested on hardware by hacking it
> to disable the tagged address ABI instead of changing the tag checking
> mode, and then verifying via ptrace(PTRACE_GETREGSET) that the tagged
> address ABI was disabled in all threads).
> 
> That being said, as with any code at the nexus of concurrency and
> POSIX signals, the implementation is quite tricky so I would say it
> falls more into the category of "no obvious problems" than "obviously
> no problems". It also relies on changes to the implementations of
> pthread APIs so it wouldn't catch threads created directly via clone()
> rather than via pthread_create(). I think we would be able to ignore
> such threads on Android without causing compatibility issues because
> we can require the process to not create threads via clone() before
> calling the function. I imagine this may not necessarily work for
> other libcs like glibc, though, but as I understand it glibc has no
> plan to offer such an API.
> 
> I feel confident enough in the kernel API though that I think that
> it's reasonable as a starting point at least, and that if a problem
> with the API is discovered I would expect it to be fixable by adding
> new APIs, so:
> 
> Acked-by: Peter Collingbourne <pcc@google.com>

Thanks, Peter. This series has already landed upstream, so I'm unable to
add your Ack now, but the text above is very helpful.

Cheers,

Will

> [1] https://android-review.googlesource.com/c/platform/bionic/+/1427377

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v9 29/29] arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation
  2020-10-14 23:43           ` Peter Collingbourne
  2020-10-15  8:57             ` Will Deacon
@ 2020-10-15 11:14             ` Szabolcs Nagy
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 48+ messages in thread
From: Szabolcs Nagy @ 2020-10-15 11:14 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Peter Collingbourne
  Cc: Will Deacon, Dave Martin, Catalin Marinas, linux-arch,
	libc-alpha, Andrey Konovalov, Kevin Brodsky, linux-mm,
	Andrew Morton, Vincenzo Frascino, Linux ARM, nd

The 10/14/2020 16:43, Peter Collingbourne wrote:
> On Fri, Sep 18, 2020 at 1:30 AM Will Deacon <will@kernel.org> wrote:
> > I think so, yes. I'm hoping to queue it for 5.10, once I have an Ack from
> > the Android tools side on the per-thread ABI.
> 
> Our main requirement on the Android side is to provide an API for
> changing the tag checking mode in all threads in a process while
> multiple threads are running. I think we've been able to accomplish
> this [1] by using a libc private real-time signal which is sent to all
> threads. The implementation has been tested on FVP via the included
> unit tests. The code has also been tested on real hardware in a
> multi-threaded app process (of course we don't have MTE-enabled
> hardware, so the implementation was tested on hardware by hacking it
> to disable the tagged address ABI instead of changing the tag checking
> mode, and then verifying via ptrace(PTRACE_GETREGSET) that the tagged
> address ABI was disabled in all threads).
> 
> That being said, as with any code at the nexus of concurrency and
> POSIX signals, the implementation is quite tricky so I would say it
> falls more into the category of "no obvious problems" than "obviously
> no problems". It also relies on changes to the implementations of
> pthread APIs so it wouldn't catch threads created directly via clone()
> rather than via pthread_create(). I think we would be able to ignore
> such threads on Android without causing compatibility issues because
> we can require the process to not create threads via clone() before
> calling the function. I imagine this may not necessarily work for
> other libcs like glibc, though, but as I understand it glibc has no
> plan to offer such an API.

no immediate plans.

to make such api useful we would have to expose it to
users (e.g. custom allocators) which is tricky.

note that glibc has the necessary infrastructure to do
the internal signaling, but it had issues in the past.

i think it had problems with qemu-user and golang c ffi
and libc internal issues around multi-threaded fork/vfork
or simply stack overflow because of small thread stacks
and growing signal frames that are more likely to hit
at the wrong time if libc uses more internal signals.

so i think such per process operation is easier to handle
correctly in the kernel.

doing this outside of the libc (e.g. in a custom allocator)
is not possible (without relying on new libc apis) which i
thought was a reasonable use-case, but likely glibc will
enable sync tag checks early and leave it that way (the only
tricky bit is to have an opt-in/-out mechanism for binaries
that are not compatible with the tagged address abi and
i don't know yet how that will work).

> [1] https://android-review.googlesource.com/c/platform/bionic/+/1427377

btw in the bionic implementation there are writes to
globals (g_tcf, g_arg, g_func) that are later read in
signal handlers of other threads without atomics. i'm
not sure if that's enough synchronization (can we
assume that tgkill synchronizes with signal handlers?).

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 48+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 48+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2020-09-04 10:30 [PATCH v9 00/29] arm64: Memory Tagging Extension user-space support Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 01/29] arm64: mte: system register definitions Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 02/29] arm64: mte: Use Normal Tagged attributes for the linear map Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 03/29] arm64: mte: CPU feature detection and initial sysreg configuration Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 04/29] arm64: kvm: mte: Hide the MTE CPUID information from the guests Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:46   ` Marc Zyngier
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 05/29] arm64: mte: Add specific SIGSEGV codes Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 06/29] arm64: mte: Handle synchronous and asynchronous tag check faults Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 07/29] mm: Add PG_arch_2 page flag Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 08/29] mm: Preserve the PG_arch_2 flag in __split_huge_page_tail() Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 09/29] arm64: mte: Clear the tags when a page is mapped in user-space with PROT_MTE Catalin Marinas
2020-09-10 10:23   ` Steven Price
2020-09-10 10:52     ` Catalin Marinas
2020-09-10 11:12       ` Steven Price
2020-09-10 11:55         ` Catalin Marinas
2020-09-10 12:43           ` Steven Price
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 10/29] arm64: mte: Tags-aware copy_{user_,}highpage() implementations Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 11/29] arm64: Avoid unnecessary clear_user_page() indirection Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 12/29] arm64: mte: Tags-aware aware memcmp_pages() implementation Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 13/29] mm: Introduce arch_calc_vm_flag_bits() Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 14/29] arm64: mte: Add PROT_MTE support to mmap() and mprotect() Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 15/29] mm: Introduce arch_validate_flags() Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 16/29] arm64: mte: Validate the PROT_MTE request via arch_validate_flags() Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 17/29] mm: Allow arm64 mmap(PROT_MTE) on RAM-based files Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 18/29] arm64: mte: Allow user control of the tag check mode via prctl() Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 19/29] arm64: mte: Allow user control of the generated random tags " Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 20/29] arm64: mte: Restore the GCR_EL1 register after a suspend Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 21/29] arm64: mte: Allow {set,get}_tagged_addr_ctrl() on non-current tasks Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 22/29] arm64: mte: ptrace: Add PTRACE_{PEEK,POKE}MTETAGS support Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 23/29] arm64: mte: ptrace: Add NT_ARM_TAGGED_ADDR_CTRL regset Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 24/29] fs: Handle intra-page faults in copy_mount_options() Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 25/29] mm: Add arch hooks for saving/restoring tags Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 26/29] arm64: mte: Enable swap of tagged pages Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 27/29] arm64: mte: Save tags when hibernating Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 28/29] arm64: mte: Kconfig entry Catalin Marinas
2020-09-04 10:30 ` [PATCH v9 29/29] arm64: mte: Add Memory Tagging Extension documentation Catalin Marinas
2020-09-17  8:11   ` Will Deacon
2020-09-17  9:02     ` Catalin Marinas
2020-09-17 16:15       ` Dave Martin
2020-09-18  8:30         ` Will Deacon
2020-10-14 23:43           ` Peter Collingbourne
2020-10-15  8:57             ` Will Deacon
2020-10-15 11:14             ` Szabolcs Nagy
2020-09-22 16:04         ` Catalin Marinas
2020-09-22 15:52       ` Szabolcs Nagy
2020-09-22 16:55         ` Catalin Marinas
2020-09-23  9:10           ` Szabolcs Nagy
2020-09-22 12:22   ` Andrey Konovalov

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