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From: Alex Kogan <alex.kogan@oracle.com>
To: linux@armlinux.org.uk, peterz@infradead.org, mingo@redhat.com,
	will.deacon@arm.com, arnd@arndb.de, longman@redhat.com,
	linux-arch@vger.kernel.org, linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, tglx@linutronix.de, bp@alien8.de,
	hpa@zytor.com, x86@kernel.org, guohanjun@huawei.com,
	jglauber@marvell.com
Cc: steven.sistare@oracle.com, daniel.m.jordan@oracle.com,
	alex.kogan@oracle.com, dave.dice@oracle.com
Subject: [PATCH v15 4/6] locking/qspinlock: Introduce starvation avoidance into CNA
Date: Fri, 14 May 2021 16:07:41 -0400	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210514200743.3026725-5-alex.kogan@oracle.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210514200743.3026725-1-alex.kogan@oracle.com>

Keep track of the time the thread at the head of the secondary queue
has been waiting, and force inter-node handoff once this time passes
a preset threshold. The default value for the threshold (1ms) can be
overridden with the new kernel boot command-line option
"qspinlock.numa_spinlock_threshold_ns".

Signed-off-by: Alex Kogan <alex.kogan@oracle.com>
Reviewed-by: Steve Sistare <steven.sistare@oracle.com>
Reviewed-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
---
 .../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt         |  8 ++
 kernel/locking/qspinlock_cna.h                | 81 +++++++++++++++----
 2 files changed, 73 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index 94d35507560c..e2bcf6f4e048 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -4183,6 +4183,14 @@
 			[KNL] Number of legacy pty's. Overwrites compiled-in
 			default number.
 
+	qspinlock.numa_spinlock_threshold_ns=	[NUMA, PV_OPS]
+			Set the time threshold in nanoseconds for the
+			number of intra-node lock hand-offs before the
+			NUMA-aware spinlock is forced to be passed to
+			a thread on another NUMA node. Smaller values
+			result in a more fair, but less performant spinlock,
+			and vice versa. The default value is 1000000 (=1ms).
+
 	quiet		[KNL] Disable most log messages
 
 	r128=		[HW,DRM]
diff --git a/kernel/locking/qspinlock_cna.h b/kernel/locking/qspinlock_cna.h
index ca564e64e5de..0b991c340fb1 100644
--- a/kernel/locking/qspinlock_cna.h
+++ b/kernel/locking/qspinlock_cna.h
@@ -4,6 +4,8 @@
 #endif
 
 #include <linux/topology.h>
+#include <linux/sched/clock.h>
+#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
 
 /*
  * Implement a NUMA-aware version of MCS (aka CNA, or compact NUMA-aware lock).
@@ -37,19 +39,39 @@
  * gradually filter the primary queue, leaving only waiters running on the same
  * preferred NUMA node.
  *
+ * We change the NUMA node preference after a waiter at the head of the
+ * secondary queue spins for a certain amount of time (1ms, by default).
+ * We do that by flushing the secondary queue into the head of the primary queue,
+ * effectively changing the preference to the NUMA node of the waiter at the head
+ * of the secondary queue at the time of the flush.
+ *
  * For more details, see https://arxiv.org/abs/1810.05600.
  *
  * Authors: Alex Kogan <alex.kogan@oracle.com>
  *          Dave Dice <dave.dice@oracle.com>
  */
 
+#define FLUSH_SECONDARY_QUEUE	1
+
 struct cna_node {
 	struct mcs_spinlock	mcs;
 	u16			numa_node;
 	u16			real_numa_node;
 	u32			encoded_tail;	/* self */
+	u64			start_time;
 };
 
+static ulong numa_spinlock_threshold_ns = 1000000;   /* 1ms, by default */
+module_param(numa_spinlock_threshold_ns, ulong, 0644);
+
+static inline bool intra_node_threshold_reached(struct cna_node *cn)
+{
+	u64 current_time = local_clock();
+	u64 threshold = cn->start_time + numa_spinlock_threshold_ns;
+
+	return current_time > threshold;
+}
+
 static void __init cna_init_nodes_per_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
 {
 	struct mcs_spinlock *base = per_cpu_ptr(&qnodes[0].mcs, cpu);
@@ -92,6 +114,7 @@ static __always_inline void cna_init_node(struct mcs_spinlock *node)
 	struct cna_node *cn = (struct cna_node *)node;
 
 	cn->numa_node = cn->real_numa_node;
+	cn->start_time = 0;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -191,8 +214,14 @@ static void cna_splice_next(struct mcs_spinlock *node,
 
 	/* stick `next` on the secondary queue tail */
 	if (node->locked <= 1) { /* if secondary queue is empty */
+		struct cna_node *cn = (struct cna_node *)node;
+
 		/* create secondary queue */
 		next->next = next;
+
+		cn->start_time = local_clock();
+		/* secondary queue is not empty iff start_time != 0 */
+		WARN_ON(!cn->start_time);
 	} else {
 		/* add to the tail of the secondary queue */
 		struct mcs_spinlock *tail_2nd = decode_tail(node->locked);
@@ -240,12 +269,18 @@ static int cna_order_queue(struct mcs_spinlock *node)
 static __always_inline u32 cna_wait_head_or_lock(struct qspinlock *lock,
 						 struct mcs_spinlock *node)
 {
-	/*
-	 * Try and put the time otherwise spent spin waiting on
-	 * _Q_LOCKED_PENDING_MASK to use by sorting our lists.
-	 */
-	while (LOCK_IS_BUSY(lock) && !cna_order_queue(node))
-		cpu_relax();
+	struct cna_node *cn = (struct cna_node *)node;
+
+	if (!cn->start_time || !intra_node_threshold_reached(cn)) {
+		/*
+		 * Try and put the time otherwise spent spin waiting on
+		 * _Q_LOCKED_PENDING_MASK to use by sorting our lists.
+		 */
+		while (LOCK_IS_BUSY(lock) && !cna_order_queue(node))
+			cpu_relax();
+	} else {
+		cn->start_time = FLUSH_SECONDARY_QUEUE;
+	}
 
 	return 0; /* we lied; we didn't wait, go do so now */
 }
@@ -253,24 +288,38 @@ static __always_inline u32 cna_wait_head_or_lock(struct qspinlock *lock,
 static inline void cna_lock_handoff(struct mcs_spinlock *node,
 				 struct mcs_spinlock *next)
 {
+	struct cna_node *cn = (struct cna_node *)node;
 	u32 val = 1;
 
-	if (node->locked > 1) {
-		struct cna_node *cn = (struct cna_node *)node;
+	if (cn->start_time != FLUSH_SECONDARY_QUEUE) {
+		if (node->locked > 1) {
+			val = node->locked;	/* preseve secondary queue */
+
+			/*
+			 * We have a local waiter, either real or fake one;
+			 * reload @next in case it was changed by cna_order_queue().
+			 */
+			next = node->next;
 
-		val = node->locked;	/* preseve secondary queue */
+			/*
+			 * Pass over NUMA node id of primary queue, to maintain the
+			 * preference even if the next waiter is on a different node.
+			 */
+			((struct cna_node *)next)->numa_node = cn->numa_node;
 
+			((struct cna_node *)next)->start_time = cn->start_time;
+		}
+	} else {
 		/*
-		 * We have a local waiter, either real or fake one;
-		 * reload @next in case it was changed by cna_order_queue().
+		 * We decided to flush the secondary queue;
+		 * this can only happen if that queue is not empty.
 		 */
-		next = node->next;
-
+		WARN_ON(node->locked <= 1);
 		/*
-		 * Pass over NUMA node id of primary queue, to maintain the
-		 * preference even if the next waiter is on a different node.
+		 * Splice the secondary queue onto the primary queue and pass the lock
+		 * to the longest waiting remote waiter.
 		 */
-		((struct cna_node *)next)->numa_node = cn->numa_node;
+		next = cna_splice_head(NULL, 0, node, next);
 	}
 
 	arch_mcs_lock_handoff(&next->locked, val);
-- 
2.24.3 (Apple Git-128)


  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-05-14 20:09 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 16+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-05-14 20:07 [PATCH v15 0/6] Add NUMA-awareness to qspinlock Alex Kogan
2021-05-14 20:07 ` [PATCH v15 1/6] locking/qspinlock: Rename mcs lock/unlock macros and make them more generic Alex Kogan
2021-05-14 20:07 ` [PATCH v15 2/6] locking/qspinlock: Refactor the qspinlock slow path Alex Kogan
2021-05-14 20:07 ` [PATCH v15 3/6] locking/qspinlock: Introduce CNA into the slow path of qspinlock Alex Kogan
2021-09-22 19:25   ` Davidlohr Bueso
2021-09-22 19:52     ` Waiman Long
2021-09-30 10:05   ` Barry Song
2021-05-14 20:07 ` Alex Kogan [this message]
2021-05-14 20:07 ` [PATCH v15 5/6] locking/qspinlock: Avoid moving certain threads between waiting queues in CNA Alex Kogan
2021-05-14 20:07 ` [PATCH v15 6/6] locking/qspinlock: Introduce the shuffle reduction optimization into CNA Alex Kogan
2021-09-30  9:44 ` [PATCH v15 0/6] Add NUMA-awareness to qspinlock Barry Song
2021-09-30 16:58   ` Waiman Long
2021-09-30 22:57     ` Barry Song
2021-09-30 23:51   ` Alex Kogan
2021-12-13 20:37 ` Alex Kogan
2021-12-15 15:13   ` Alex Kogan

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