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From: Vineet Gupta <>
To: Arnd Bergmann <>,
	Lada Trimasova <>
Cc: "" <>,
	"" <>,
	"" <>,
	Alexey Brodkin <>,
Subject: Re: [PATCH] arc: use little endian accesses
Date: Fri, 11 Mar 2016 12:44:28 +0000
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On Friday 11 March 2016 12:54 AM, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> On Thursday 10 March 2016, Lada Trimasova wrote:
>> Driver is 8250, kernel is built for BE arc, nsim option in model "nsim_isa_big_endian = 1".
>> With current "readl" and "writel" implementation for ARC we read word from memory without any endianess manipulation. So in case of little endian architecture we get what we want: the first memory byte is the low byte in the word. But in case of big endian architecture the word endianess is swapped: the first memory byte is the high word byte.
>> And for example, let's see what happens when we use "readl" in  function "serial8250_early_in" in driver/tty/serial/8250.
>> Take a look to one line from memory dump:
>> 0xf0000010: 0x0b    0x00    0x00    0x00    0x60    0x00    0x00    0x00
>> When kernel is built for little endian architecture, we read this data in status register in function "serial_putc" using "readl" function in driver/tty/serial/8250 as:
>> r0: 0x0000006
>> The low byte is 0x0b, so the condition "if ((status & BOTH_EMPTY) == BOTH_EMPTY)"  is true, as BOTH_EMPTY is some mask with low bytes set.
>> When kernel is built with "CPU_BIG_ENDIAN" and model nsim option is "nsim_isa_big_endian=1", we read this data as:
>> r0: 0x6000000
>> So as you can see the low byte is 0x00 and above mentioned condition never becomes true, we can't continue initialization.
> Ok, this sounds like a completely normal architecture implementation then,
> and your patch looks correct.
> If some other driver breaks because of this change, you should investigate
> what went wrong there, and treat it as a driver specific problem.

Although I believe Arnd the most, I was not convinced abt this (see below why) so
did a bit of investigation and looks like this patch is indeed correct and Arnd as
always is right :-)

The current upstream kernel doesn't boot on BE configured AXS103 is stuck
similarly in uart. With this patch it comes up fine. My trouble was I'd seen BE
work (w/o this patch) in our internal 3.18 branch. Turns out that in 3.18, ARC
io.h used the asm-generic version of readX(). My patch b8a033023994 ("ARCv2:
barriers") to upstream introduced the io barriers for ARCHS and in the process
introduced our own readX() accessors, which were not the same as correct
asm-generic ver. Thus I inadvertently introduced this bug.

@Lada I will fix up the changelog to add some of the background behind this
change, and mark this for stable backport as well.


> 	Arnd

  reply index

Thread overview: 17+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2016-03-09 17:21 Lada Trimasova
2016-03-10  5:05 ` Vineet Gupta
2016-03-10  5:19   ` Vineet Gupta
2016-03-10  5:19     ` Vineet Gupta
2016-03-10  7:44   ` Alexey Brodkin
2016-03-10  9:55     ` Vineet Gupta
2016-03-10 18:57       ` Lada Trimasova
2016-03-10 18:57         ` Lada Trimasova
2016-03-10 19:23         ` Arnd Bergmann
2016-03-11 12:44           ` Vineet Gupta [this message]
2016-03-12  4:20             ` Vineet Gupta
2016-03-12  4:20               ` Vineet Gupta
2016-03-11  5:07         ` Noam Camus
2016-03-11  5:07           ` Noam Camus
2016-03-10  7:45   ` Arnd Bergmann
2016-03-10  7:45     ` Arnd Bergmann
2016-03-11  5:18     ` Vineet Gupta

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