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From: dianders@chromium.org (Douglas Anderson)
To: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
Subject: [PATCH v2 2/2] kgdb: Fix kgdb_roundup_cpus() for arches who used smp_call_function()
Date: Tue, 30 Oct 2018 15:18:43 -0700
Message-ID: <20181030221843.121254-3-dianders@chromium.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20181030221843.121254-1-dianders@chromium.org>

When I had lockdep turned on and dropped into kgdb I got a nice splat
on my system.  Specifically it hit:
  DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(current->hardirq_context)

Specifically it looked like this:
  sysrq: SysRq : DEBUG
  ------------[ cut here ]------------
  DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(current->hardirq_context)
  WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 0 at .../kernel/locking/lockdep.c:2875 lockdep_hardirqs_on+0xf0/0x160
  CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 4.19.0 #27
  pstate: 604003c9 (nZCv DAIF +PAN -UAO)
  pc : lockdep_hardirqs_on+0xf0/0x160
  ...
  Call trace:
   lockdep_hardirqs_on+0xf0/0x160
   trace_hardirqs_on+0x188/0x1ac
   kgdb_roundup_cpus+0x14/0x3c
   kgdb_cpu_enter+0x53c/0x5cc
   kgdb_handle_exception+0x180/0x1d4
   kgdb_compiled_brk_fn+0x30/0x3c
   brk_handler+0x134/0x178
   do_debug_exception+0xfc/0x178
   el1_dbg+0x18/0x78
   kgdb_breakpoint+0x34/0x58
   sysrq_handle_dbg+0x54/0x5c
   __handle_sysrq+0x114/0x21c
   handle_sysrq+0x30/0x3c
   qcom_geni_serial_isr+0x2dc/0x30c
  ...
  ...
  irq event stamp: ...45
  hardirqs last  enabled at (...44): [...] __do_softirq+0xd8/0x4e4
  hardirqs last disabled at (...45): [...] el1_irq+0x74/0x130
  softirqs last  enabled at (...42): [...] _local_bh_enable+0x2c/0x34
  softirqs last disabled at (...43): [...] irq_exit+0xa8/0x100
  ---[ end trace adf21f830c46e638 ]---

Looking closely at it, it seems like a really bad idea to be calling
local_irq_enable() in kgdb_roundup_cpus().  If nothing else that seems
like it could violate spinlock semantics and cause a deadlock.

Instead, let's use a private csd alongside
smp_call_function_single_async() to round up the other CPUs.  Using
smp_call_function_single_async() doesn't require interrupts to be
enabled so we can remove the offending bit of code.

In order to avoid duplicating this across all the architectures that
use the default kgdb_roundup_cpus(), we'll add a "weak" implementation
to debug_core.c.

Looking at all the people who previously had copies of this code,
there were a few variants.  I've attempted to keep the variants
working like they used to.  Specifically:
* For arch/arc we passed NULL to kgdb_nmicallback() instead of
  get_irq_regs().
* For arch/mips there was a bit of extra code around
  kgdb_nmicallback()

Suggested-by: Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Douglas Anderson <dianders@chromium.org>
---

Changes in v2:
- Removing irq flags separated from fixing lockdep splat.
- Don't use smp_call_function (Daniel).

 arch/arc/kernel/kgdb.c     | 10 ++--------
 arch/arm/kernel/kgdb.c     | 12 ------------
 arch/arm64/kernel/kgdb.c   | 12 ------------
 arch/hexagon/kernel/kgdb.c | 27 ---------------------------
 arch/mips/kernel/kgdb.c    |  9 +--------
 arch/powerpc/kernel/kgdb.c |  4 ++--
 arch/sh/kernel/kgdb.c      | 12 ------------
 include/linux/kgdb.h       | 15 +++++++++++++--
 kernel/debug/debug_core.c  | 36 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 9 files changed, 54 insertions(+), 83 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arc/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/arc/kernel/kgdb.c
index 0932851028e0..68d9fe4b5aa7 100644
--- a/arch/arc/kernel/kgdb.c
+++ b/arch/arc/kernel/kgdb.c
@@ -192,18 +192,12 @@ void kgdb_arch_set_pc(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long ip)
 	instruction_pointer(regs) = ip;
 }
 
-static void kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
+void kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
 {
+	/* Default implementation passes get_irq_regs() but we don't */
 	kgdb_nmicallback(raw_smp_processor_id(), NULL);
 }
 
-void kgdb_roundup_cpus(void)
-{
-	local_irq_enable();
-	smp_call_function(kgdb_call_nmi_hook, NULL, 0);
-	local_irq_disable();
-}
-
 struct kgdb_arch arch_kgdb_ops = {
 	/* breakpoint instruction: TRAP_S 0x3 */
 #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_BIG_ENDIAN
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/arm/kernel/kgdb.c
index f21077b077be..d9a69e941463 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/kgdb.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/kgdb.c
@@ -170,18 +170,6 @@ static struct undef_hook kgdb_compiled_brkpt_hook = {
 	.fn			= kgdb_compiled_brk_fn
 };
 
-static void kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
-{
-       kgdb_nmicallback(raw_smp_processor_id(), get_irq_regs());
-}
-
-void kgdb_roundup_cpus(void)
-{
-       local_irq_enable();
-       smp_call_function(kgdb_call_nmi_hook, NULL, 0);
-       local_irq_disable();
-}
-
 static int __kgdb_notify(struct die_args *args, unsigned long cmd)
 {
 	struct pt_regs *regs = args->regs;
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/kgdb.c
index 12c339ff6e75..da880247c734 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/kgdb.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/kgdb.c
@@ -284,18 +284,6 @@ static struct step_hook kgdb_step_hook = {
 	.fn		= kgdb_step_brk_fn
 };
 
-static void kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
-{
-	kgdb_nmicallback(raw_smp_processor_id(), get_irq_regs());
-}
-
-void kgdb_roundup_cpus(void)
-{
-	local_irq_enable();
-	smp_call_function(kgdb_call_nmi_hook, NULL, 0);
-	local_irq_disable();
-}
-
 static int __kgdb_notify(struct die_args *args, unsigned long cmd)
 {
 	struct pt_regs *regs = args->regs;
diff --git a/arch/hexagon/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/hexagon/kernel/kgdb.c
index 012e0e230ac2..b95d12038a4e 100644
--- a/arch/hexagon/kernel/kgdb.c
+++ b/arch/hexagon/kernel/kgdb.c
@@ -115,33 +115,6 @@ void kgdb_arch_set_pc(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long pc)
 	instruction_pointer(regs) = pc;
 }
 
-#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
-
-/**
- * kgdb_roundup_cpus - Get other CPUs into a holding pattern
- *
- * On SMP systems, we need to get the attention of the other CPUs
- * and get them be in a known state.  This should do what is needed
- * to get the other CPUs to call kgdb_wait(). Note that on some arches,
- * the NMI approach is not used for rounding up all the CPUs. For example,
- * in case of MIPS, smp_call_function() is used to roundup CPUs.
- *
- * On non-SMP systems, this is not called.
- */
-
-static void hexagon_kgdb_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
-{
-	kgdb_nmicallback(raw_smp_processor_id(), get_irq_regs());
-}
-
-void kgdb_roundup_cpus(void)
-{
-	local_irq_enable();
-	smp_call_function(hexagon_kgdb_nmi_hook, NULL, 0);
-	local_irq_disable();
-}
-#endif
-
 
 /*  Not yet working  */
 void sleeping_thread_to_gdb_regs(unsigned long *gdb_regs,
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/mips/kernel/kgdb.c
index 2b05effc17b4..42f057a6c215 100644
--- a/arch/mips/kernel/kgdb.c
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/kgdb.c
@@ -207,7 +207,7 @@ void arch_kgdb_breakpoint(void)
 		".set\treorder");
 }
 
-static void kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
+void kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
 {
 	mm_segment_t old_fs;
 
@@ -219,13 +219,6 @@ static void kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
 	set_fs(old_fs);
 }
 
-void kgdb_roundup_cpus(void)
-{
-	local_irq_enable();
-	smp_call_function(kgdb_call_nmi_hook, NULL, 0);
-	local_irq_disable();
-}
-
 static int compute_signal(int tt)
 {
 	struct hard_trap_info *ht;
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/kgdb.c
index b0e804844be0..b4ce54d73337 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/kgdb.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/kgdb.c
@@ -117,7 +117,7 @@ int kgdb_skipexception(int exception, struct pt_regs *regs)
 	return kgdb_isremovedbreak(regs->nip);
 }
 
-static int kgdb_call_nmi_hook(struct pt_regs *regs)
+static int kgdb_debugger_ipi(struct pt_regs *regs)
 {
 	kgdb_nmicallback(raw_smp_processor_id(), regs);
 	return 0;
@@ -502,7 +502,7 @@ int kgdb_arch_init(void)
 	old__debugger_break_match = __debugger_break_match;
 	old__debugger_fault_handler = __debugger_fault_handler;
 
-	__debugger_ipi = kgdb_call_nmi_hook;
+	__debugger_ipi = kgdb_debugger_ipi;
 	__debugger = kgdb_debugger;
 	__debugger_bpt = kgdb_handle_breakpoint;
 	__debugger_sstep = kgdb_singlestep;
diff --git a/arch/sh/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/sh/kernel/kgdb.c
index cc57630f6bf2..14e012ad7c57 100644
--- a/arch/sh/kernel/kgdb.c
+++ b/arch/sh/kernel/kgdb.c
@@ -314,18 +314,6 @@ BUILD_TRAP_HANDLER(singlestep)
 	local_irq_restore(flags);
 }
 
-static void kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
-{
-	kgdb_nmicallback(raw_smp_processor_id(), get_irq_regs());
-}
-
-void kgdb_roundup_cpus(void)
-{
-	local_irq_enable();
-	smp_call_function(kgdb_call_nmi_hook, NULL, 0);
-	local_irq_disable();
-}
-
 static int __kgdb_notify(struct die_args *args, unsigned long cmd)
 {
 	int ret;
diff --git a/include/linux/kgdb.h b/include/linux/kgdb.h
index 05e5b2eb0d32..f4f866273ed2 100644
--- a/include/linux/kgdb.h
+++ b/include/linux/kgdb.h
@@ -176,14 +176,25 @@ kgdb_arch_handle_exception(int vector, int signo, int err_code,
 			   char *remcom_out_buffer,
 			   struct pt_regs *regs);
 
+/**
+ *	kgdb_call_nmi_hook - Call kgdb_nmicallback() on the current CPU
+ *
+ *	If you're using the default implementation of kgdb_roundup_cpus()
+ *	this function will be called per CPU.  If you don't implement
+ *	kgdb_call_nmi_hook() a default will be used.
+ */
+
+extern void kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored);
+
+
 /**
  *	kgdb_roundup_cpus - Get other CPUs into a holding pattern
  *
  *	On SMP systems, we need to get the attention of the other CPUs
  *	and get them into a known state.  This should do what is needed
  *	to get the other CPUs to call kgdb_wait(). Note that on some arches,
- *	the NMI approach is not used for rounding up all the CPUs. For example,
- *	in case of MIPS, smp_call_function() is used to roundup CPUs.
+ *	the NMI approach is not used for rounding up all the CPUs.  Normally
+ *	those architectures can just not implement this and get the default.
  *
  *	On non-SMP systems, this is not called.
  */
diff --git a/kernel/debug/debug_core.c b/kernel/debug/debug_core.c
index f3cadda45f07..9a3f952de6ed 100644
--- a/kernel/debug/debug_core.c
+++ b/kernel/debug/debug_core.c
@@ -55,6 +55,7 @@
 #include <linux/mm.h>
 #include <linux/vmacache.h>
 #include <linux/rcupdate.h>
+#include <linux/irq.h>
 
 #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
 #include <asm/byteorder.h>
@@ -220,6 +221,39 @@ int __weak kgdb_skipexception(int exception, struct pt_regs *regs)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+/*
+ * Default (weak) implementation for kgdb_roundup_cpus
+ */
+
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(call_single_data_t, kgdb_roundup_csd);
+
+void __weak kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
+{
+	kgdb_nmicallback(raw_smp_processor_id(), get_irq_regs());
+}
+
+void __weak kgdb_roundup_cpus(void)
+{
+	call_single_data_t *csd;
+	int cpu;
+
+	for_each_cpu(cpu, cpu_online_mask) {
+		csd = &per_cpu(kgdb_roundup_csd, cpu);
+		smp_call_function_single_async(cpu, csd);
+	}
+}
+
+static void kgdb_generic_roundup_init(void)
+{
+	call_single_data_t *csd;
+	int cpu;
+
+	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+		csd = &per_cpu(kgdb_roundup_csd, cpu);
+		csd->func = kgdb_call_nmi_hook;
+	}
+}
+
 /*
  * Some architectures need cache flushes when we set/clear a
  * breakpoint:
@@ -993,6 +1027,8 @@ int kgdb_register_io_module(struct kgdb_io *new_dbg_io_ops)
 		return -EBUSY;
 	}
 
+	kgdb_generic_roundup_init();
+
 	if (new_dbg_io_ops->init) {
 		err = new_dbg_io_ops->init();
 		if (err) {
-- 
2.19.1.568.g152ad8e336-goog

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 10+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-10-30 22:18 [PATCH v2 0/2] kgdb: Fix kgdb_roundup_cpus() Douglas Anderson
2018-10-30 22:18 ` [PATCH v2 1/2] kgdb: Remove irq flags from roundup Douglas Anderson
2018-10-30 22:18 ` Douglas Anderson [this message]
2018-10-31  1:51   ` [PATCH v2 2/2] kgdb: Fix kgdb_roundup_cpus() for arches who used smp_call_function() kbuild test robot
2018-10-31 13:49   ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-10-31 17:01     ` Daniel Thompson
2018-10-31 18:40   ` Daniel Thompson
2018-10-31 21:41     ` Doug Anderson
2018-11-03 10:45       ` Daniel Thompson
2018-11-07  1:04         ` Doug Anderson

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