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From: Nicolas Saenz Julienne <nsaenzjulienne@suse.de>
To: stefan.wahren@i2se.com, Florian Fainelli <f.fainelli@gmail.com>,
	Ray Jui <rjui@broadcom.com>,
	Scott Branden <sbranden@broadcom.com>,
	bcm-kernel-feedback-list@broadcom.com,
	Eric Anholt <eric@anholt.net>
Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org, ptesarik@suse.com,
	sboyd@kernel.org, viresh.kumar@linaro.org,
	mturquette@baylibre.com, linux-pm@vger.kernel.org,
	rjw@rjwysocki.net, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Nicolas Saenz Julienne <nsaenzjulienne@suse.de>,
	linux-rpi-kernel@lists.infradead.org, linux-clk@vger.kernel.org,
	mbrugger@suse.de, ssuloev@orpaltech.com
Subject: [RFC v2 3/5] clk: bcm2835: use firmware interface to update pllb
Date: Mon, 20 May 2019 12:47:05 +0200
Message-ID: <20190520104708.11980-4-nsaenzjulienne@suse.de> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190520104708.11980-1-nsaenzjulienne@suse.de>

Raspberry Pi's firmware, which runs in a dedicated processor, keeps
track of the board's temperature and voltage. It's resposible for
scaling the CPU frequency whenever it deems the device reached an unsafe
state. On top of that the firmware provides an interface which allows
Linux to to query the clock's state or change it's frequency.

Being the sole user of the bcm2835 clock driver, this integrates the
firmware interface into the clock driver and adds a first user: the CPU
pll, also known as 'pllb'.

Signed-off-by: Nicolas Saenz Julienne <nsaenzjulienne@suse.de>
---
 drivers/clk/bcm/clk-bcm2835.c | 274 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 259 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/clk/bcm/clk-bcm2835.c b/drivers/clk/bcm/clk-bcm2835.c
index 5aea110672f3..ce5b16f3704e 100644
--- a/drivers/clk/bcm/clk-bcm2835.c
+++ b/drivers/clk/bcm/clk-bcm2835.c
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@
 #include <linux/platform_device.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
 #include <dt-bindings/clock/bcm2835.h>
+#include <soc/bcm2835/raspberrypi-firmware.h>
 
 #define CM_PASSWORD		0x5a000000
 
@@ -289,6 +290,30 @@
 #define LOCK_TIMEOUT_NS		100000000
 #define BCM2835_MAX_FB_RATE	1750000000u
 
+#define RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID		0x000000003
+#define RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_ENABLE_BIT	0x1
+#define RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_WAIT_BIT	0x2
+
+/*
+ * Structure of the message passed to Raspberry Pi's firmware in order to
+ * change clock rates. The 'disable_turbo' option is only available to the ARM
+ * clock (pllb) which we enable by default as turbo mode will alter multiple
+ * clocks at once.
+ *
+ * Even though we're able to access the clock registers directly we're bound to
+ * use the firmware interface as the firmware ultimately takes care of
+ * mitigating overheating/undervoltage situations and we would be changing
+ * frequencies behind his back.
+ *
+ * For more information on the firmware interface check:
+ * https://github.com/raspberrypi/firmware/wiki/Mailbox-property-interface
+ */
+struct bcm2835_firmware_prop {
+       u32 id;
+       u32 val;
+       u32 disable_turbo;
+} __packed;
+
 /*
  * Names of clocks used within the driver that need to be replaced
  * with an external parent's name.  This array is in the order that
@@ -316,6 +341,8 @@ struct bcm2835_cprman {
 	 */
 	const char *real_parent_names[ARRAY_SIZE(cprman_parent_names)];
 
+	struct rpi_firmware *firmware;
+
 	/* Must be last */
 	struct clk_hw_onecell_data onecell;
 };
@@ -424,6 +451,23 @@ struct bcm2835_pll_data {
 	unsigned long max_fb_rate;
 };
 
+struct bcm2835_fw_pll_data {
+	const char *name;
+	int firmware_clk_id;
+	u32 flags;
+
+	unsigned long min_rate;
+	unsigned long max_rate;
+
+	/*
+	 * The rate provided to the firmware interface might not always match
+	 * the clock subsystem's. For instance, in the case of the ARM cpu
+	 * clock, even though the firmware ultimately edits 'pllb' it takes the
+	 * expected 'pllb_arm' rate as it's input.
+	 */
+	unsigned int rate_rescale;
+};
+
 struct bcm2835_pll_ana_bits {
 	u32 mask0;
 	u32 set0;
@@ -505,6 +549,7 @@ struct bcm2835_pll {
 	struct clk_hw hw;
 	struct bcm2835_cprman *cprman;
 	const struct bcm2835_pll_data *data;
+	const struct bcm2835_fw_pll_data *fw_data;
 };
 
 static int bcm2835_pll_is_on(struct clk_hw *hw)
@@ -517,6 +562,41 @@ static int bcm2835_pll_is_on(struct clk_hw *hw)
 		A2W_PLL_CTRL_PRST_DISABLE;
 }
 
+static int raspberrypi_clock_property(struct rpi_firmware *firmware, u32 tag,
+				      u32 clk, u32 *val)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct bcm2835_firmware_prop msg = {
+		.id = clk,
+		.val = *val,
+		.disable_turbo = 1,
+	};
+
+	ret = rpi_firmware_property(firmware, tag, &msg, sizeof(msg));
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	*val = msg.val;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int bcm2835_fw_pll_is_on(struct clk_hw *hw)
+{
+	struct bcm2835_pll *pll = container_of(hw, struct bcm2835_pll, hw);
+	struct bcm2835_cprman *cprman = pll->cprman;
+	u32 val = 0;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(cprman->firmware,
+					 RPI_FIRMWARE_GET_CLOCK_STATE,
+					 pll->fw_data->firmware_clk_id, &val);
+	if (ret)
+		return 0;
+
+	return !!(val & RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_ENABLE_BIT);
+}
+
 static void bcm2835_pll_choose_ndiv_and_fdiv(unsigned long rate,
 					     unsigned long parent_rate,
 					     u32 *ndiv, u32 *fdiv)
@@ -547,16 +627,37 @@ static long bcm2835_pll_round_rate(struct clk_hw *hw, unsigned long rate,
 				   unsigned long *parent_rate)
 {
 	struct bcm2835_pll *pll = container_of(hw, struct bcm2835_pll, hw);
-	const struct bcm2835_pll_data *data = pll->data;
 	u32 ndiv, fdiv;
 
-	rate = clamp(rate, data->min_rate, data->max_rate);
+	if (pll->data)
+		rate = clamp(rate, pll->data->min_rate, pll->data->max_rate);
+	else
+		rate = clamp(rate, pll->fw_data->min_rate,
+			     pll->fw_data->max_rate);
 
 	bcm2835_pll_choose_ndiv_and_fdiv(rate, *parent_rate, &ndiv, &fdiv);
 
 	return bcm2835_pll_rate_from_divisors(*parent_rate, ndiv, fdiv, 1);
 }
 
+static unsigned long bcm2835_fw_pll_get_rate(struct clk_hw *hw,
+					     unsigned long parent_rate)
+{
+	struct bcm2835_pll *pll = container_of(hw, struct bcm2835_pll, hw);
+	struct bcm2835_cprman *cprman = pll->cprman;
+	u32 val = 0;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(cprman->firmware,
+					 RPI_FIRMWARE_GET_CLOCK_RATE,
+					 pll->fw_data->firmware_clk_id,
+					 &val);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	return val * pll->fw_data->rate_rescale;
+}
+
 static unsigned long bcm2835_pll_get_rate(struct clk_hw *hw,
 					  unsigned long parent_rate)
 {
@@ -584,6 +685,35 @@ static unsigned long bcm2835_pll_get_rate(struct clk_hw *hw,
 	return bcm2835_pll_rate_from_divisors(parent_rate, ndiv, fdiv, pdiv);
 }
 
+static int bcm2835_fw_pll_on(struct clk_hw *hw)
+{
+	struct bcm2835_pll *pll = container_of(hw, struct bcm2835_pll, hw);
+	struct bcm2835_cprman *cprman = pll->cprman;
+	u32 val;
+	int ret;
+
+	val = RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_ENABLE_BIT | RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_WAIT_BIT;
+
+	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(cprman->firmware,
+					 RPI_FIRMWARE_SET_CLOCK_STATE,
+					 pll->fw_data->firmware_clk_id, &val);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void bcm2835_fw_pll_off(struct clk_hw *hw)
+{
+	struct bcm2835_pll *pll = container_of(hw, struct bcm2835_pll, hw);
+	struct bcm2835_cprman *cprman = pll->cprman;
+	u32 val = RPI_FIRMWARE_STATE_WAIT_BIT;
+
+	raspberrypi_clock_property(cprman->firmware,
+				   RPI_FIRMWARE_SET_CLOCK_STATE,
+				   pll->fw_data->firmware_clk_id, &val);
+}
+
 static void bcm2835_pll_off(struct clk_hw *hw)
 {
 	struct bcm2835_pll *pll = container_of(hw, struct bcm2835_pll, hw);
@@ -651,6 +781,25 @@ bcm2835_pll_write_ana(struct bcm2835_cprman *cprman, u32 ana_reg_base, u32 *ana)
 		cprman_write(cprman, ana_reg_base + i * 4, ana[i]);
 }
 
+static int bcm2835_fw_pll_set_rate(struct clk_hw *hw, unsigned long rate,
+				   unsigned long parent_rate)
+{
+	struct bcm2835_pll *pll = container_of(hw, struct bcm2835_pll, hw);
+	u32 new_rate = rate / pll->fw_data->rate_rescale;
+	struct bcm2835_cprman *cprman = pll->cprman;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(cprman->firmware,
+					 RPI_FIRMWARE_SET_CLOCK_RATE,
+					 pll->fw_data->firmware_clk_id,
+					 &new_rate);
+	if (ret)
+		dev_err(cprman->dev, "Failed to change %s frequency: %d",
+			clk_hw_get_name(hw), ret);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
 static int bcm2835_pll_set_rate(struct clk_hw *hw,
 				unsigned long rate, unsigned long parent_rate)
 {
@@ -759,6 +908,15 @@ static const struct clk_ops bcm2835_pll_clk_ops = {
 	.debug_init = bcm2835_pll_debug_init,
 };
 
+static const struct clk_ops bcm2835_firmware_pll_clk_ops = {
+	.is_prepared = bcm2835_fw_pll_is_on,
+	.prepare = bcm2835_fw_pll_on,
+	.unprepare = bcm2835_fw_pll_off,
+	.recalc_rate = bcm2835_fw_pll_get_rate,
+	.set_rate = bcm2835_fw_pll_set_rate,
+	.round_rate = bcm2835_pll_round_rate,
+};
+
 struct bcm2835_pll_divider {
 	struct clk_divider div;
 	struct bcm2835_cprman *cprman;
@@ -1287,6 +1445,83 @@ static const struct clk_ops bcm2835_vpu_clock_clk_ops = {
 	.debug_init = bcm2835_clock_debug_init,
 };
 
+static int bcm2835_firmware_get_min_max_rates(struct bcm2835_cprman *cprman,
+					      struct bcm2835_fw_pll_data *data)
+{
+	u32 min_rate = 0, max_rate = 0;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(cprman->firmware,
+					 RPI_FIRMWARE_GET_MIN_CLOCK_RATE,
+					 data->firmware_clk_id,
+					 &min_rate);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(cprman->dev, "Failed to get %s min freq: %d\n",
+			data->name, ret);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	ret = raspberrypi_clock_property(cprman->firmware,
+					 RPI_FIRMWARE_GET_MAX_CLOCK_RATE,
+					 data->firmware_clk_id,
+					 &max_rate);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(cprman->dev, "Failed to get %s max freq: %d\n",
+			data->name, ret);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	data->min_rate = min_rate * data->rate_rescale;
+	data->max_rate = max_rate * data->rate_rescale;
+
+	dev_info(cprman->dev, "min %lu, max %lu\n", data->min_rate, data->max_rate);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static struct clk_hw *bcm2835_register_fw_pll(struct bcm2835_cprman *cprman,
+					const struct bcm2835_fw_pll_data *data)
+{
+	struct bcm2835_fw_pll_data *fw_data;
+	struct clk_init_data init;
+	struct bcm2835_pll *pll;
+	int ret;
+
+	memset(&init, 0, sizeof(init));
+
+	/* All of the PLLs derive from the external oscillator. */
+	init.parent_names = &cprman->real_parent_names[0];
+	init.num_parents = 1;
+	init.name = data->name;
+	init.ops = &bcm2835_firmware_pll_clk_ops;
+	init.flags = data->flags | CLK_IGNORE_UNUSED;
+
+	pll = kzalloc(sizeof(*pll), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!pll)
+		return NULL;
+
+	/*
+	 * As the max and min rate values are firmware dependent we need a non
+	 * constant version of struct bcm2835_fw_pll_data.
+	 */
+	fw_data = devm_kmemdup(cprman->dev, data, sizeof(*data),
+				     GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!fw_data)
+		return NULL;
+
+	ret = bcm2835_firmware_get_min_max_rates(cprman, fw_data);
+	if (ret)
+		return NULL;
+
+	pll->cprman = cprman;
+	pll->hw.init = &init;
+	pll->fw_data = fw_data;
+
+	ret = devm_clk_hw_register(cprman->dev, &pll->hw);
+	if (ret)
+		return NULL;
+	return &pll->hw;
+}
+
 static struct clk_hw *bcm2835_register_pll(struct bcm2835_cprman *cprman,
 					   const struct bcm2835_pll_data *data)
 {
@@ -1462,6 +1697,9 @@ struct bcm2835_clk_desc {
 #define REGISTER_PLL(...)	_REGISTER(&bcm2835_register_pll,	\
 					  &(struct bcm2835_pll_data)	\
 					  {__VA_ARGS__})
+#define REGISTER_FW_PLL(...)	_REGISTER(&bcm2835_register_fw_pll,	\
+					  &(struct bcm2835_fw_pll_data)	\
+					  {__VA_ARGS__})
 #define REGISTER_PLL_DIV(...)	_REGISTER(&bcm2835_register_pll_divider, \
 					  &(struct bcm2835_pll_divider_data) \
 					  {__VA_ARGS__})
@@ -1654,21 +1892,11 @@ static const struct bcm2835_clk_desc clk_desc_array[] = {
 		.flags = CLK_SET_RATE_PARENT),
 
 	/* PLLB is used for the ARM's clock. */
-	[BCM2835_PLLB]		= REGISTER_PLL(
+	[BCM2835_PLLB]		= REGISTER_FW_PLL(
 		.name = "pllb",
-		.cm_ctrl_reg = CM_PLLB,
-		.a2w_ctrl_reg = A2W_PLLB_CTRL,
-		.frac_reg = A2W_PLLB_FRAC,
-		.ana_reg_base = A2W_PLLB_ANA0,
-		.reference_enable_mask = A2W_XOSC_CTRL_PLLB_ENABLE,
-		.lock_mask = CM_LOCK_FLOCKB,
 		.flags = CLK_GET_RATE_NOCACHE,
-
-		.ana = &bcm2835_ana_default,
-
-		.min_rate = 600000000u,
-		.max_rate = 3000000000u,
-		.max_fb_rate = BCM2835_MAX_FB_RATE),
+		.rate_rescale = 2,
+		.firmware_clk_id = RPI_FIRMWARE_ARM_CLK_ID),
 	[BCM2835_PLLB_ARM]	= REGISTER_PLL_DIV(
 		.name = "pllb_arm",
 		.source_pll = "pllb",
@@ -2133,9 +2361,24 @@ static int bcm2835_clk_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
 	struct resource *res;
 	const struct bcm2835_clk_desc *desc;
 	const size_t asize = ARRAY_SIZE(clk_desc_array);
+	struct device_node *firmware_node;
+	struct rpi_firmware *firmware;
 	size_t i;
 	int ret;
 
+	firmware_node = of_find_node_by_name(NULL, "firmware");
+	if (!firmware_node) {
+		dev_err(dev, "Missing firmware node\n");
+		return -ENOENT;
+	}
+
+	firmware = rpi_firmware_get(firmware_node);
+	of_node_put(firmware_node);
+	if (!firmware) {
+		dev_err(dev, "Can't get raspberrypi's firmware\n");
+		return -EPROBE_DEFER;
+	}
+
 	cprman = devm_kzalloc(dev,
 			      struct_size(cprman, onecell.hws, asize),
 			      GFP_KERNEL);
@@ -2144,6 +2387,7 @@ static int bcm2835_clk_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
 
 	spin_lock_init(&cprman->regs_lock);
 	cprman->dev = dev;
+	cprman->firmware = firmware;
 	res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
 	cprman->regs = devm_ioremap_resource(dev, res);
 	if (IS_ERR(cprman->regs))
-- 
2.21.0


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  parent reply index

Thread overview: 24+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-05-20 10:47 [RFC v2 0/5] cpufreq support for the Raspberry Pi Nicolas Saenz Julienne
2019-05-20 10:47 ` [RFC v2 1/5] clk: bcm2835: set CLK_GET_RATE_NOCACHE on CPU clocks Nicolas Saenz Julienne
2019-05-20 11:42   ` Stefan Wahren
2019-05-20 10:47 ` [RFC v2 2/5] clk: bcm2835: set pllb_arm divisor as readonly Nicolas Saenz Julienne
2019-05-20 11:43   ` Stefan Wahren
2019-05-20 10:47 ` Nicolas Saenz Julienne [this message]
2019-05-20 12:11   ` [RFC v2 3/5] clk: bcm2835: use firmware interface to update pllb Stefan Wahren
2019-05-20 12:14     ` Stefan Wahren
2019-05-21 12:40     ` Stefan Wahren
2019-05-21 15:47       ` Nicolas Saenz Julienne
2019-05-21 21:43         ` Stefan Wahren
2019-05-23  8:51           ` Nicolas Saenz Julienne
2019-05-20 12:43   ` Oliver Neukum
2019-05-21 11:39     ` Nicolas Saenz Julienne
2019-05-21 12:14       ` Petr Tesarik
2019-05-21 12:18         ` Nicolas Saenz Julienne
2019-05-20 10:47 ` [RFC v2 4/5] dts: bcm2837: add per-cpu clock devices Nicolas Saenz Julienne
2019-05-20 12:19   ` Stefan Wahren
2019-05-21 11:40     ` Nicolas Saenz Julienne
2019-05-20 10:47 ` [RFC v2 5/5] cpufreq: add driver for Raspbery Pi Nicolas Saenz Julienne
2019-05-20 10:51   ` Viresh Kumar
2019-05-20 12:30   ` Stefan Wahren
2019-05-20 10:51 ` [RFC v2 0/5] cpufreq support for the Raspberry Pi Viresh Kumar
2019-05-21 12:02   ` Nicolas Saenz Julienne

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