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* [PATCH] arm64/kvm: remove VMID rollover I-cache maintenance
@ 2019-08-06 15:57 Mark Rutland
  2019-08-16 13:39 ` James Morse
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: Mark Rutland @ 2019-08-06 15:57 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-arm-kernel
  Cc: Mark Rutland, Suzuki K Poulose, Marc Zyngier, Christoffer Dall,
	James Morse, kvmarm, Julien Thierry

For VPIPT I-caches, we need I-cache maintenance on VMID rollover to
avoid an ABA problem. Consider a single vCPU VM, with a pinned stage-2,
running with an idmap VA->IPA and idmap IPA->PA. If we don't do
maintenance on rollover:

        // VMID A
        Writes insn X to PA 0xF
        Invalidates PA 0xF (for VMID A)

        I$ contains [{A,F}->X]


        // VMID B
        Writes insn Y to PA 0xF
        Invalidates PA 0xF (for VMID B)

        I$ contains [{A,F}->X, {B,F}->Y]


        // VMID A
        I$ contains [{A,F}->X, {B,F}->Y]

        Unexpectedly hits stale I$ line {A,F}->X.

However, for PIPT and VIPT I-caches, the VMID doesn't affect lookup or
constrain maintenance. Given the VMID doesn't affect PIPT and VIPT
I-caches, and given VMID rollover is independent of changes to stage-2
mappings, I-cache maintenance cannot be necessary on VMID rollover for
PIPT or VIPT I-caches.

This patch removes the maintenance on rollover for VIPT and PIPT
I-caches. At the same time, the unnecessary colons are removed from the
asm statement to make it more legible.

Signed-off-by: Mark Rutland <>
Cc: Christoffer Dall <>
Cc: James Morse <>
Cc: Julien Thierry <>
Cc: Marc Zyngier <>
Cc: Suzuki K Poulose <>
 arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/tlb.c | 14 +++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 13 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/tlb.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/tlb.c
index d49a14497715..c466060b76d6 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/tlb.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/tlb.c
@@ -193,6 +193,18 @@ void __hyp_text __kvm_flush_vm_context(void)
-	asm volatile("ic ialluis" : : );
+	/*
+	 * VIPT and PIPT caches are not affected by VMID, so no maintenance
+	 * is necessary across a VMID rollover.
+	 *
+	 * VPIPT caches constrain lookup and maintenance to the active VMID,
+	 * so we need to invalidate lines with a stale VMID to avoid an ABA
+	 * race after multiple rollovers.
+	 *
+	 */
+	if (icache_is_vpipt())
+		asm volatile("ic ialluis");

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2019-08-06 15:57 [PATCH] arm64/kvm: remove VMID rollover I-cache maintenance Mark Rutland
2019-08-16 13:39 ` James Morse
2019-08-18 17:42   ` Marc Zyngier

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