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* [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation
@ 2019-08-21 18:31 Pavel Tatashin
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 01/17] kexec: quiet down kexec reboot Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (16 more replies)
  0 siblings, 17 replies; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-08-21 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: pasha.tatashin, jmorris, sashal, ebiederm, kexec, linux-kernel,
	corbet, catalin.marinas, will, linux-arm-kernel, marc.zyngier,
	james.morse, vladimir.murzin, matthias.bgg, bhsharma, linux-mm,
	mark.rutland

Changelog:
v3:
	- Split changes to create_safe_exec_page() into several patches for
	  easier review as request by Mark Rutland. This is why this series
	  has 3 more patches.
	- Renamed trans_table to tans_pgd as agreed with Mark. The header
	  comment in trans_pgd.c explains that trans stands for
	  transitional page tables. Meaning they are used in transition
	  between two kernels.
v2:
	- Fixed hibernate bug reported by James Morse
	- Addressed comments from James Morse:
	  * More incremental changes to trans_table
	  * Removed TRANS_FORCEMAP
	  * Added kexec reboot data for image with 380M in size.

Enable MMU during kexec relocation in order to improve reboot performance.

If kexec functionality is used for a fast system update, with a minimal
downtime, the relocation of kernel + initramfs takes a significant portion
of reboot.

The reason for slow relocation is because it is done without MMU, and thus
not benefiting from D-Cache.

Performance data
----------------
For this experiment, the size of kernel plus initramfs is small, only 25M.
If initramfs was larger, than the improvements would be greater, as time
spent in relocation is proportional to the size of relocation.

Previously:
kernel shutdown	0.022131328s
relocation	0.440510736s
kernel startup	0.294706768s

Relocation was taking: 58.2% of reboot time

Now:
kernel shutdown	0.032066576s
relocation	0.022158152s
kernel startup	0.296055880s

Now: Relocation takes 6.3% of reboot time

Total reboot is x2.16 times faster.

With bigger userland (fitImage 380M), the reboot time is improved by 3.57s,
and is reduced from 3.9s down to 0.33s

Previous approaches and discussions
-----------------------------------
https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190817024629.26611-1-pasha.tatashin@soleen.com
version 2 of this series

https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190801152439.11363-1-pasha.tatashin@soleen.com
version 1 of this series

https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190709182014.16052-1-pasha.tatashin@soleen.com
reserve space for kexec to avoid relocation, involves changes to generic code
to optimize a problem that exists on arm64 only:

https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190716165641.6990-1-pasha.tatashin@soleen.com
The first attempt to enable MMU, some bugs that prevented performance
improvement. The page tables unnecessary configured idmap for the whole
physical space.

https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190731153857.4045-1-pasha.tatashin@soleen.com
No linear copy, bug with EL2 reboots.

Pavel Tatashin (17):
  kexec: quiet down kexec reboot
  arm64, hibernate: use get_safe_page directly
  arm64, hibernate: remove gotos in create_safe_exec_page
  arm64, hibernate: rename dst to page in create_safe_exec_page
  arm64, hibernate: check pgd table allocation
  arm64, hibernate: add trans_pgd public functions
  arm64, hibernate: move page handling function to new trans_pgd.c
  arm64, trans_pgd: make trans_pgd_map_page generic
  arm64, trans_pgd: add trans_pgd_create_empty
  arm64, trans_pgd: adjust trans_pgd_create_copy interface
  arm64, trans_pgd: add PUD_SECT_RDONLY
  arm64, trans_pgd: complete generalization of trans_pgds
  kexec: add machine_kexec_post_load()
  arm64, kexec: move relocation function setup and clean up
  arm64, kexec: add expandable argument to relocation function
  arm64, kexec: configure trans_pgd page table for kexec
  arm64, kexec: enable MMU during kexec relocation

 arch/arm64/Kconfig                     |   4 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h         |  51 ++++-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable-hwdef.h |   1 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h     |  63 ++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c        |  14 ++
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpu-reset.S          |   4 +-
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpu-reset.h          |   8 +-
 arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c          | 261 ++++++------------------
 arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c      | 199 ++++++++++++++----
 arch/arm64/kernel/relocate_kernel.S    | 196 +++++++++---------
 arch/arm64/mm/Makefile                 |   1 +
 arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c              | 270 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
 kernel/kexec.c                         |   4 +
 kernel/kexec_core.c                    |   8 +-
 kernel/kexec_file.c                    |   4 +
 kernel/kexec_internal.h                |   2 +
 16 files changed, 750 insertions(+), 340 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c

-- 
2.23.0


_______________________________________________
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linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 01/17] kexec: quiet down kexec reboot
  2019-08-21 18:31 [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-08-21 18:31 ` Pavel Tatashin
  2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 02/17] arm64, hibernate: use get_safe_page directly Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (15 subsequent siblings)
  16 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-08-21 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: pasha.tatashin, jmorris, sashal, ebiederm, kexec, linux-kernel,
	corbet, catalin.marinas, will, linux-arm-kernel, marc.zyngier,
	james.morse, vladimir.murzin, matthias.bgg, bhsharma, linux-mm,
	mark.rutland

Here is a regular kexec command sequence and output:
=====
$ kexec --reuse-cmdline -i --load Image
$ kexec -e
[  161.342002] kexec_core: Starting new kernel

Welcome to Buildroot
buildroot login:
=====

Even when "quiet" kernel parameter is specified, "kexec_core: Starting
new kernel" is printed.

This message has  KERN_EMERG level, but there is no emergency, it is a
normal kexec operation, so quiet it down to appropriate KERN_NOTICE.

Machines that have slow console baud rate benefit from less output.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Reviewed-by: Simon Horman <horms@verge.net.au>
---
 kernel/kexec_core.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/kexec_core.c b/kernel/kexec_core.c
index d5870723b8ad..2c5b72863b7b 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec_core.c
+++ b/kernel/kexec_core.c
@@ -1169,7 +1169,7 @@ int kernel_kexec(void)
 		 * CPU hotplug again; so re-enable it here.
 		 */
 		cpu_hotplug_enable();
-		pr_emerg("Starting new kernel\n");
+		pr_notice("Starting new kernel\n");
 		machine_shutdown();
 	}
 
-- 
2.23.0


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http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 02/17] arm64, hibernate: use get_safe_page directly
  2019-08-21 18:31 [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 01/17] kexec: quiet down kexec reboot Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-08-21 18:31 ` Pavel Tatashin
  2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 03/17] arm64, hibernate: remove gotos in create_safe_exec_page Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (14 subsequent siblings)
  16 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-08-21 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: pasha.tatashin, jmorris, sashal, ebiederm, kexec, linux-kernel,
	corbet, catalin.marinas, will, linux-arm-kernel, marc.zyngier,
	james.morse, vladimir.murzin, matthias.bgg, bhsharma, linux-mm,
	mark.rutland

create_safe_exec_page is a local function that uses the
get_safe_page() to allocate page table and pages and one pages
that is getting mapped.

Remove the allocator related arguments, and use get_safe_page
directly, as it is done in other local functions in this
file.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
---
 arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c | 17 +++++++----------
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
index 9341fcc6e809..4bb4d17a6a7c 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
@@ -196,16 +196,14 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(arch_hibernation_header_restore);
  */
 static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
 				 unsigned long dst_addr,
-				 phys_addr_t *phys_dst_addr,
-				 void *(*allocator)(gfp_t mask),
-				 gfp_t mask)
+				 phys_addr_t *phys_dst_addr)
 {
 	int rc = 0;
 	pgd_t *pgdp;
 	pud_t *pudp;
 	pmd_t *pmdp;
 	pte_t *ptep;
-	unsigned long dst = (unsigned long)allocator(mask);
+	unsigned long dst = get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
 
 	if (!dst) {
 		rc = -ENOMEM;
@@ -215,9 +213,9 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
 	memcpy((void *)dst, src_start, length);
 	__flush_icache_range(dst, dst + length);
 
-	pgdp = pgd_offset_raw(allocator(mask), dst_addr);
+	pgdp = pgd_offset_raw((void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC), dst_addr);
 	if (pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*pgdp))) {
-		pudp = allocator(mask);
+		pudp = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
 		if (!pudp) {
 			rc = -ENOMEM;
 			goto out;
@@ -227,7 +225,7 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
 
 	pudp = pud_offset(pgdp, dst_addr);
 	if (pud_none(READ_ONCE(*pudp))) {
-		pmdp = allocator(mask);
+		pmdp = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
 		if (!pmdp) {
 			rc = -ENOMEM;
 			goto out;
@@ -237,7 +235,7 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
 
 	pmdp = pmd_offset(pudp, dst_addr);
 	if (pmd_none(READ_ONCE(*pmdp))) {
-		ptep = allocator(mask);
+		ptep = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
 		if (!ptep) {
 			rc = -ENOMEM;
 			goto out;
@@ -523,8 +521,7 @@ int swsusp_arch_resume(void)
 	 */
 	rc = create_safe_exec_page(__hibernate_exit_text_start, exit_size,
 				   (unsigned long)hibernate_exit,
-				   &phys_hibernate_exit,
-				   (void *)get_safe_page, GFP_ATOMIC);
+				   &phys_hibernate_exit);
 	if (rc) {
 		pr_err("Failed to create safe executable page for hibernate_exit code.\n");
 		goto out;
-- 
2.23.0


_______________________________________________
linux-arm-kernel mailing list
linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 03/17] arm64, hibernate: remove gotos in create_safe_exec_page
  2019-08-21 18:31 [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 01/17] kexec: quiet down kexec reboot Pavel Tatashin
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 02/17] arm64, hibernate: use get_safe_page directly Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-08-21 18:31 ` Pavel Tatashin
  2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 04/17] arm64, hibernate: rename dst to page " Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (13 subsequent siblings)
  16 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-08-21 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: pasha.tatashin, jmorris, sashal, ebiederm, kexec, linux-kernel,
	corbet, catalin.marinas, will, linux-arm-kernel, marc.zyngier,
	james.morse, vladimir.murzin, matthias.bgg, bhsharma, linux-mm,
	mark.rutland

Usually, gotos are used to handle cleanup after exception, but
in case of create_safe_exec_page there are no clean-ups. So,
simply return the errors directly.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
---
 arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c | 28 +++++++++-------------------
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
index 4bb4d17a6a7c..c8211108ec11 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
@@ -198,17 +198,14 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
 				 unsigned long dst_addr,
 				 phys_addr_t *phys_dst_addr)
 {
-	int rc = 0;
 	pgd_t *pgdp;
 	pud_t *pudp;
 	pmd_t *pmdp;
 	pte_t *ptep;
 	unsigned long dst = get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
 
-	if (!dst) {
-		rc = -ENOMEM;
-		goto out;
-	}
+	if (!dst)
+		return -ENOMEM;
 
 	memcpy((void *)dst, src_start, length);
 	__flush_icache_range(dst, dst + length);
@@ -216,30 +213,24 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
 	pgdp = pgd_offset_raw((void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC), dst_addr);
 	if (pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*pgdp))) {
 		pudp = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-		if (!pudp) {
-			rc = -ENOMEM;
-			goto out;
-		}
+		if (!pudp)
+			return -ENOMEM;
 		pgd_populate(&init_mm, pgdp, pudp);
 	}
 
 	pudp = pud_offset(pgdp, dst_addr);
 	if (pud_none(READ_ONCE(*pudp))) {
 		pmdp = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-		if (!pmdp) {
-			rc = -ENOMEM;
-			goto out;
-		}
+		if (!pmdp)
+			return -ENOMEM;
 		pud_populate(&init_mm, pudp, pmdp);
 	}
 
 	pmdp = pmd_offset(pudp, dst_addr);
 	if (pmd_none(READ_ONCE(*pmdp))) {
 		ptep = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-		if (!ptep) {
-			rc = -ENOMEM;
-			goto out;
-		}
+		if (!ptep)
+			return -ENOMEM;
 		pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmdp, ptep);
 	}
 
@@ -265,8 +256,7 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
 
 	*phys_dst_addr = virt_to_phys((void *)dst);
 
-out:
-	return rc;
+	return 0;
 }
 
 #define dcache_clean_range(start, end)	__flush_dcache_area(start, (end - start))
-- 
2.23.0


_______________________________________________
linux-arm-kernel mailing list
linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 04/17] arm64, hibernate: rename dst to page in create_safe_exec_page
  2019-08-21 18:31 [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 03/17] arm64, hibernate: remove gotos in create_safe_exec_page Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-08-21 18:31 ` " Pavel Tatashin
  2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 05/17] arm64, hibernate: check pgd table allocation Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (12 subsequent siblings)
  16 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-08-21 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: pasha.tatashin, jmorris, sashal, ebiederm, kexec, linux-kernel,
	corbet, catalin.marinas, will, linux-arm-kernel, marc.zyngier,
	james.morse, vladimir.murzin, matthias.bgg, bhsharma, linux-mm,
	mark.rutland

create_safe_exec_page() allocates a safe page and maps it at a
specific location, also this function returns the physical address
of newly allocated page.

The destination VA, and PA are specified in arguments: dst_addr,
phys_dst_addr

However, within the function it uses "dst" which has unsigned long
type, but is actually a pointers in the current virtual space. This
is confusing to read.

Rename dst to more appropriate page (page that is created), and also
change its time to "void *"

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
---
 arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c | 12 ++++++------
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
index c8211108ec11..ee34a06d8a35 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
@@ -198,17 +198,17 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
 				 unsigned long dst_addr,
 				 phys_addr_t *phys_dst_addr)
 {
+	void *page = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
 	pgd_t *pgdp;
 	pud_t *pudp;
 	pmd_t *pmdp;
 	pte_t *ptep;
-	unsigned long dst = get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
 
-	if (!dst)
+	if (!page)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
-	memcpy((void *)dst, src_start, length);
-	__flush_icache_range(dst, dst + length);
+	memcpy(page, src_start, length);
+	__flush_icache_range((unsigned long)page, (unsigned long)page + length);
 
 	pgdp = pgd_offset_raw((void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC), dst_addr);
 	if (pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*pgdp))) {
@@ -235,7 +235,7 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
 	}
 
 	ptep = pte_offset_kernel(pmdp, dst_addr);
-	set_pte(ptep, pfn_pte(virt_to_pfn(dst), PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC));
+	set_pte(ptep, pfn_pte(virt_to_pfn(page), PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC));
 
 	/*
 	 * Load our new page tables. A strict BBM approach requires that we
@@ -254,7 +254,7 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
 	write_sysreg(phys_to_ttbr(virt_to_phys(pgdp)), ttbr0_el1);
 	isb();
 
-	*phys_dst_addr = virt_to_phys((void *)dst);
+	*phys_dst_addr = virt_to_phys(page);
 
 	return 0;
 }
-- 
2.23.0


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http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 05/17] arm64, hibernate: check pgd table allocation
  2019-08-21 18:31 [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 04/17] arm64, hibernate: rename dst to page " Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-08-21 18:31 ` Pavel Tatashin
  2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 06/17] arm64, hibernate: add trans_pgd public functions Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (11 subsequent siblings)
  16 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-08-21 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: pasha.tatashin, jmorris, sashal, ebiederm, kexec, linux-kernel,
	corbet, catalin.marinas, will, linux-arm-kernel, marc.zyngier,
	james.morse, vladimir.murzin, matthias.bgg, bhsharma, linux-mm,
	mark.rutland

There is a bug in create_safe_exec_page(), when page table is allocated
it is not checked that table is allocated successfully:

But it is dereferenced in: pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*pgdp)).

Another issue, is that phys_to_ttbr() uses an offset in page table instead
of pgd directly.

So, allocate page table, check that allocation was successful, and use it
directly to set ttbr0_el1.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
---
 arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c | 9 +++++++--
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
index ee34a06d8a35..750ecc7f2cbe 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
@@ -199,6 +199,7 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
 				 phys_addr_t *phys_dst_addr)
 {
 	void *page = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
+	pgd_t *trans_pgd;
 	pgd_t *pgdp;
 	pud_t *pudp;
 	pmd_t *pmdp;
@@ -210,7 +211,11 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
 	memcpy(page, src_start, length);
 	__flush_icache_range((unsigned long)page, (unsigned long)page + length);
 
-	pgdp = pgd_offset_raw((void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC), dst_addr);
+	trans_pgd = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
+	if (!trans_pgd)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	pgdp = pgd_offset_raw(trans_pgd, dst_addr);
 	if (pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*pgdp))) {
 		pudp = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
 		if (!pudp)
@@ -251,7 +256,7 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
 	 */
 	cpu_set_reserved_ttbr0();
 	local_flush_tlb_all();
-	write_sysreg(phys_to_ttbr(virt_to_phys(pgdp)), ttbr0_el1);
+	write_sysreg(phys_to_ttbr(virt_to_phys(trans_pgd)), ttbr0_el1);
 	isb();
 
 	*phys_dst_addr = virt_to_phys(page);
-- 
2.23.0


_______________________________________________
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linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 06/17] arm64, hibernate: add trans_pgd public functions
  2019-08-21 18:31 [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 05/17] arm64, hibernate: check pgd table allocation Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-08-21 18:31 ` Pavel Tatashin
  2019-09-06 15:18   ` James Morse
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 07/17] arm64, hibernate: move page handling function to new trans_pgd.c Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (10 subsequent siblings)
  16 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-08-21 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: pasha.tatashin, jmorris, sashal, ebiederm, kexec, linux-kernel,
	corbet, catalin.marinas, will, linux-arm-kernel, marc.zyngier,
	james.morse, vladimir.murzin, matthias.bgg, bhsharma, linux-mm,
	mark.rutland

trans_pgd_create_copy() and trans_pgd_map_page() are going to be
the basis for public interface of new subsystem that handles page
tables for cases which are between kernels: kexec, and hibernate.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
---
 arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c | 94 ++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
 1 file changed, 60 insertions(+), 34 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
index 750ecc7f2cbe..2e29d620b56c 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
@@ -182,39 +182,15 @@ int arch_hibernation_header_restore(void *addr)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(arch_hibernation_header_restore);
 
-/*
- * Copies length bytes, starting at src_start into an new page,
- * perform cache maintentance, then maps it at the specified address low
- * address as executable.
- *
- * This is used by hibernate to copy the code it needs to execute when
- * overwriting the kernel text. This function generates a new set of page
- * tables, which it loads into ttbr0.
- *
- * Length is provided as we probably only want 4K of data, even on a 64K
- * page system.
- */
-static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
-				 unsigned long dst_addr,
-				 phys_addr_t *phys_dst_addr)
+int trans_pgd_map_page(pgd_t *trans_pgd, void *page,
+		       unsigned long dst_addr,
+		       pgprot_t pgprot)
 {
-	void *page = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-	pgd_t *trans_pgd;
 	pgd_t *pgdp;
 	pud_t *pudp;
 	pmd_t *pmdp;
 	pte_t *ptep;
 
-	if (!page)
-		return -ENOMEM;
-
-	memcpy(page, src_start, length);
-	__flush_icache_range((unsigned long)page, (unsigned long)page + length);
-
-	trans_pgd = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-	if (!trans_pgd)
-		return -ENOMEM;
-
 	pgdp = pgd_offset_raw(trans_pgd, dst_addr);
 	if (pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*pgdp))) {
 		pudp = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
@@ -242,6 +218,44 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
 	ptep = pte_offset_kernel(pmdp, dst_addr);
 	set_pte(ptep, pfn_pte(virt_to_pfn(page), PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC));
 
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Copies length bytes, starting at src_start into an new page,
+ * perform cache maintentance, then maps it at the specified address low
+ * address as executable.
+ *
+ * This is used by hibernate to copy the code it needs to execute when
+ * overwriting the kernel text. This function generates a new set of page
+ * tables, which it loads into ttbr0.
+ *
+ * Length is provided as we probably only want 4K of data, even on a 64K
+ * page system.
+ */
+static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
+				 unsigned long dst_addr,
+				 phys_addr_t *phys_dst_addr)
+{
+	void *page = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
+	pgd_t *trans_pgd;
+	int rc;
+
+	if (!page)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	memcpy(page, src_start, length);
+	__flush_icache_range((unsigned long)page, (unsigned long)page + length);
+
+	trans_pgd = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
+	if (!trans_pgd)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	rc = trans_pgd_map_page(trans_pgd, page, dst_addr,
+				PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC);
+	if (rc)
+		return rc;
+
 	/*
 	 * Load our new page tables. A strict BBM approach requires that we
 	 * ensure that TLBs are free of any entries that may overlap with the
@@ -462,6 +476,24 @@ static int copy_page_tables(pgd_t *dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+int trans_pgd_create_copy(pgd_t **dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
+			  unsigned long end)
+{
+	int rc;
+	pgd_t *trans_pgd = (pgd_t *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
+
+	if (!trans_pgd) {
+		pr_err("Failed to allocate memory for temporary page tables.\n");
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	rc = copy_page_tables(trans_pgd, start, end);
+	if (!rc)
+		*dst_pgdp = trans_pgd;
+
+	return rc;
+}
+
 /*
  * Setup then Resume from the hibernate image using swsusp_arch_suspend_exit().
  *
@@ -483,13 +515,7 @@ int swsusp_arch_resume(void)
 	 * Create a second copy of just the linear map, and use this when
 	 * restoring.
 	 */
-	tmp_pg_dir = (pgd_t *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-	if (!tmp_pg_dir) {
-		pr_err("Failed to allocate memory for temporary page tables.\n");
-		rc = -ENOMEM;
-		goto out;
-	}
-	rc = copy_page_tables(tmp_pg_dir, PAGE_OFFSET, 0);
+	rc = trans_pgd_create_copy(&tmp_pg_dir, PAGE_OFFSET, 0);
 	if (rc)
 		goto out;
 
-- 
2.23.0


_______________________________________________
linux-arm-kernel mailing list
linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 07/17] arm64, hibernate: move page handling function to new trans_pgd.c
  2019-08-21 18:31 [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 06/17] arm64, hibernate: add trans_pgd public functions Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-08-21 18:31 ` Pavel Tatashin
  2019-09-06 15:18   ` James Morse
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 08/17] arm64, trans_pgd: make trans_pgd_map_page generic Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (9 subsequent siblings)
  16 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-08-21 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: pasha.tatashin, jmorris, sashal, ebiederm, kexec, linux-kernel,
	corbet, catalin.marinas, will, linux-arm-kernel, marc.zyngier,
	james.morse, vladimir.murzin, matthias.bgg, bhsharma, linux-mm,
	mark.rutland

Now, that we abstracted the required functions move them to a new home.
Later, we will generalize these function in order to be useful outside
of hibernation.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
---
 arch/arm64/Kconfig                 |   4 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h |  20 +++
 arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c      | 199 +--------------------------
 arch/arm64/mm/Makefile             |   1 +
 arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c          | 211 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 237 insertions(+), 198 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c

diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index 3adcec05b1f6..91a7416ffe4e 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -999,6 +999,10 @@ config CRASH_DUMP
 
 	  For more details see Documentation/admin-guide/kdump/kdump.rst
 
+config TRANS_TABLE
+	def_bool y
+	depends on HIBERNATION || KEXEC_CORE
+
 config XEN_DOM0
 	def_bool y
 	depends on XEN
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c7b5402b7d87
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2019, Microsoft Corporation.
+ * Pavel Tatashin <patatash@linux.microsoft.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_TRANS_TABLE_H
+#define _ASM_TRANS_TABLE_H
+
+#include <linux/bits.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable-types.h>
+
+int trans_pgd_create_copy(pgd_t **dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
+			  unsigned long end);
+
+int trans_pgd_map_page(pgd_t *trans_pgd, void *page, unsigned long dst_addr,
+		       pgprot_t pgprot);
+
+#endif /* _ASM_TRANS_TABLE_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
index 2e29d620b56c..6ee81bbaa37f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
@@ -16,7 +16,6 @@
 #define pr_fmt(x) "hibernate: " x
 #include <linux/cpu.h>
 #include <linux/kvm_host.h>
-#include <linux/mm.h>
 #include <linux/pm.h>
 #include <linux/sched.h>
 #include <linux/suspend.h>
@@ -31,14 +30,12 @@
 #include <asm/kexec.h>
 #include <asm/memory.h>
 #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
-#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
-#include <asm/pgtable.h>
-#include <asm/pgtable-hwdef.h>
 #include <asm/sections.h>
 #include <asm/smp.h>
 #include <asm/smp_plat.h>
 #include <asm/suspend.h>
 #include <asm/sysreg.h>
+#include <asm/trans_pgd.h>
 #include <asm/virt.h>
 
 /*
@@ -182,45 +179,6 @@ int arch_hibernation_header_restore(void *addr)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(arch_hibernation_header_restore);
 
-int trans_pgd_map_page(pgd_t *trans_pgd, void *page,
-		       unsigned long dst_addr,
-		       pgprot_t pgprot)
-{
-	pgd_t *pgdp;
-	pud_t *pudp;
-	pmd_t *pmdp;
-	pte_t *ptep;
-
-	pgdp = pgd_offset_raw(trans_pgd, dst_addr);
-	if (pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*pgdp))) {
-		pudp = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-		if (!pudp)
-			return -ENOMEM;
-		pgd_populate(&init_mm, pgdp, pudp);
-	}
-
-	pudp = pud_offset(pgdp, dst_addr);
-	if (pud_none(READ_ONCE(*pudp))) {
-		pmdp = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-		if (!pmdp)
-			return -ENOMEM;
-		pud_populate(&init_mm, pudp, pmdp);
-	}
-
-	pmdp = pmd_offset(pudp, dst_addr);
-	if (pmd_none(READ_ONCE(*pmdp))) {
-		ptep = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-		if (!ptep)
-			return -ENOMEM;
-		pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmdp, ptep);
-	}
-
-	ptep = pte_offset_kernel(pmdp, dst_addr);
-	set_pte(ptep, pfn_pte(virt_to_pfn(page), PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC));
-
-	return 0;
-}
-
 /*
  * Copies length bytes, starting at src_start into an new page,
  * perform cache maintentance, then maps it at the specified address low
@@ -339,161 +297,6 @@ int swsusp_arch_suspend(void)
 	return ret;
 }
 
-static void _copy_pte(pte_t *dst_ptep, pte_t *src_ptep, unsigned long addr)
-{
-	pte_t pte = READ_ONCE(*src_ptep);
-
-	if (pte_valid(pte)) {
-		/*
-		 * Resume will overwrite areas that may be marked
-		 * read only (code, rodata). Clear the RDONLY bit from
-		 * the temporary mappings we use during restore.
-		 */
-		set_pte(dst_ptep, pte_mkwrite(pte));
-	} else if (debug_pagealloc_enabled() && !pte_none(pte)) {
-		/*
-		 * debug_pagealloc will removed the PTE_VALID bit if
-		 * the page isn't in use by the resume kernel. It may have
-		 * been in use by the original kernel, in which case we need
-		 * to put it back in our copy to do the restore.
-		 *
-		 * Before marking this entry valid, check the pfn should
-		 * be mapped.
-		 */
-		BUG_ON(!pfn_valid(pte_pfn(pte)));
-
-		set_pte(dst_ptep, pte_mkpresent(pte_mkwrite(pte)));
-	}
-}
-
-static int copy_pte(pmd_t *dst_pmdp, pmd_t *src_pmdp, unsigned long start,
-		    unsigned long end)
-{
-	pte_t *src_ptep;
-	pte_t *dst_ptep;
-	unsigned long addr = start;
-
-	dst_ptep = (pte_t *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-	if (!dst_ptep)
-		return -ENOMEM;
-	pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, dst_pmdp, dst_ptep);
-	dst_ptep = pte_offset_kernel(dst_pmdp, start);
-
-	src_ptep = pte_offset_kernel(src_pmdp, start);
-	do {
-		_copy_pte(dst_ptep, src_ptep, addr);
-	} while (dst_ptep++, src_ptep++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
-
-	return 0;
-}
-
-static int copy_pmd(pud_t *dst_pudp, pud_t *src_pudp, unsigned long start,
-		    unsigned long end)
-{
-	pmd_t *src_pmdp;
-	pmd_t *dst_pmdp;
-	unsigned long next;
-	unsigned long addr = start;
-
-	if (pud_none(READ_ONCE(*dst_pudp))) {
-		dst_pmdp = (pmd_t *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-		if (!dst_pmdp)
-			return -ENOMEM;
-		pud_populate(&init_mm, dst_pudp, dst_pmdp);
-	}
-	dst_pmdp = pmd_offset(dst_pudp, start);
-
-	src_pmdp = pmd_offset(src_pudp, start);
-	do {
-		pmd_t pmd = READ_ONCE(*src_pmdp);
-
-		next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
-		if (pmd_none(pmd))
-			continue;
-		if (pmd_table(pmd)) {
-			if (copy_pte(dst_pmdp, src_pmdp, addr, next))
-				return -ENOMEM;
-		} else {
-			set_pmd(dst_pmdp,
-				__pmd(pmd_val(pmd) & ~PMD_SECT_RDONLY));
-		}
-	} while (dst_pmdp++, src_pmdp++, addr = next, addr != end);
-
-	return 0;
-}
-
-static int copy_pud(pgd_t *dst_pgdp, pgd_t *src_pgdp, unsigned long start,
-		    unsigned long end)
-{
-	pud_t *dst_pudp;
-	pud_t *src_pudp;
-	unsigned long next;
-	unsigned long addr = start;
-
-	if (pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*dst_pgdp))) {
-		dst_pudp = (pud_t *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-		if (!dst_pudp)
-			return -ENOMEM;
-		pgd_populate(&init_mm, dst_pgdp, dst_pudp);
-	}
-	dst_pudp = pud_offset(dst_pgdp, start);
-
-	src_pudp = pud_offset(src_pgdp, start);
-	do {
-		pud_t pud = READ_ONCE(*src_pudp);
-
-		next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
-		if (pud_none(pud))
-			continue;
-		if (pud_table(pud)) {
-			if (copy_pmd(dst_pudp, src_pudp, addr, next))
-				return -ENOMEM;
-		} else {
-			set_pud(dst_pudp,
-				__pud(pud_val(pud) & ~PMD_SECT_RDONLY));
-		}
-	} while (dst_pudp++, src_pudp++, addr = next, addr != end);
-
-	return 0;
-}
-
-static int copy_page_tables(pgd_t *dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
-			    unsigned long end)
-{
-	unsigned long next;
-	unsigned long addr = start;
-	pgd_t *src_pgdp = pgd_offset_k(start);
-
-	dst_pgdp = pgd_offset_raw(dst_pgdp, start);
-	do {
-		next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
-		if (pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*src_pgdp)))
-			continue;
-		if (copy_pud(dst_pgdp, src_pgdp, addr, next))
-			return -ENOMEM;
-	} while (dst_pgdp++, src_pgdp++, addr = next, addr != end);
-
-	return 0;
-}
-
-int trans_pgd_create_copy(pgd_t **dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
-			  unsigned long end)
-{
-	int rc;
-	pgd_t *trans_pgd = (pgd_t *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-
-	if (!trans_pgd) {
-		pr_err("Failed to allocate memory for temporary page tables.\n");
-		return -ENOMEM;
-	}
-
-	rc = copy_page_tables(trans_pgd, start, end);
-	if (!rc)
-		*dst_pgdp = trans_pgd;
-
-	return rc;
-}
-
 /*
  * Setup then Resume from the hibernate image using swsusp_arch_suspend_exit().
  *
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/Makefile b/arch/arm64/mm/Makefile
index 849c1df3d214..f3002f1d0e61 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/Makefile
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@ obj-y				:= dma-mapping.o extable.o fault.o init.o \
 obj-$(CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE)	+= hugetlbpage.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ARM64_PTDUMP_CORE)	+= dump.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_ARM64_PTDUMP_DEBUGFS)	+= ptdump_debugfs.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_TRANS_TABLE)	+= trans_pgd.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_NUMA)		+= numa.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_VIRTUAL)	+= physaddr.o
 KASAN_SANITIZE_physaddr.o	+= n
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..00b62d8640c2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
@@ -0,0 +1,211 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2019, Microsoft Corporation.
+ * Pavel Tatashin <patatash@linux.microsoft.com>
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Transitional tables are used during system transferring from one world to
+ * another: such as during hibernate restore, and kexec reboots. During these
+ * phases one cannot rely on page table not being overwritten.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <asm/trans_pgd.h>
+#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+#include <linux/suspend.h>
+
+static void _copy_pte(pte_t *dst_ptep, pte_t *src_ptep, unsigned long addr)
+{
+	pte_t pte = READ_ONCE(*src_ptep);
+
+	if (pte_valid(pte)) {
+		/*
+		 * Resume will overwrite areas that may be marked
+		 * read only (code, rodata). Clear the RDONLY bit from
+		 * the temporary mappings we use during restore.
+		 */
+		set_pte(dst_ptep, pte_mkwrite(pte));
+	} else if (debug_pagealloc_enabled() && !pte_none(pte)) {
+		/*
+		 * debug_pagealloc will removed the PTE_VALID bit if
+		 * the page isn't in use by the resume kernel. It may have
+		 * been in use by the original kernel, in which case we need
+		 * to put it back in our copy to do the restore.
+		 *
+		 * Before marking this entry valid, check the pfn should
+		 * be mapped.
+		 */
+		BUG_ON(!pfn_valid(pte_pfn(pte)));
+
+		set_pte(dst_ptep, pte_mkpresent(pte_mkwrite(pte)));
+	}
+}
+
+static int copy_pte(pmd_t *dst_pmdp, pmd_t *src_pmdp, unsigned long start,
+		    unsigned long end)
+{
+	pte_t *src_ptep;
+	pte_t *dst_ptep;
+	unsigned long addr = start;
+
+	dst_ptep = (pte_t *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
+	if (!dst_ptep)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, dst_pmdp, dst_ptep);
+	dst_ptep = pte_offset_kernel(dst_pmdp, start);
+
+	src_ptep = pte_offset_kernel(src_pmdp, start);
+	do {
+		_copy_pte(dst_ptep, src_ptep, addr);
+	} while (dst_ptep++, src_ptep++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int copy_pmd(pud_t *dst_pudp, pud_t *src_pudp, unsigned long start,
+		    unsigned long end)
+{
+	pmd_t *src_pmdp;
+	pmd_t *dst_pmdp;
+	unsigned long next;
+	unsigned long addr = start;
+
+	if (pud_none(READ_ONCE(*dst_pudp))) {
+		dst_pmdp = (pmd_t *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
+		if (!dst_pmdp)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+		pud_populate(&init_mm, dst_pudp, dst_pmdp);
+	}
+	dst_pmdp = pmd_offset(dst_pudp, start);
+
+	src_pmdp = pmd_offset(src_pudp, start);
+	do {
+		pmd_t pmd = READ_ONCE(*src_pmdp);
+
+		next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
+		if (pmd_none(pmd))
+			continue;
+		if (pmd_table(pmd)) {
+			if (copy_pte(dst_pmdp, src_pmdp, addr, next))
+				return -ENOMEM;
+		} else {
+			set_pmd(dst_pmdp,
+				__pmd(pmd_val(pmd) & ~PMD_SECT_RDONLY));
+		}
+	} while (dst_pmdp++, src_pmdp++, addr = next, addr != end);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int copy_pud(pgd_t *dst_pgdp, pgd_t *src_pgdp, unsigned long start,
+		    unsigned long end)
+{
+	pud_t *dst_pudp;
+	pud_t *src_pudp;
+	unsigned long next;
+	unsigned long addr = start;
+
+	if (pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*dst_pgdp))) {
+		dst_pudp = (pud_t *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
+		if (!dst_pudp)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+		pgd_populate(&init_mm, dst_pgdp, dst_pudp);
+	}
+	dst_pudp = pud_offset(dst_pgdp, start);
+
+	src_pudp = pud_offset(src_pgdp, start);
+	do {
+		pud_t pud = READ_ONCE(*src_pudp);
+
+		next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
+		if (pud_none(pud))
+			continue;
+		if (pud_table(pud)) {
+			if (copy_pmd(dst_pudp, src_pudp, addr, next))
+				return -ENOMEM;
+		} else {
+			set_pud(dst_pudp,
+				__pud(pud_val(pud) & ~PMD_SECT_RDONLY));
+		}
+	} while (dst_pudp++, src_pudp++, addr = next, addr != end);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int copy_page_tables(pgd_t *dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
+			    unsigned long end)
+{
+	unsigned long next;
+	unsigned long addr = start;
+	pgd_t *src_pgdp = pgd_offset_k(start);
+
+	dst_pgdp = pgd_offset_raw(dst_pgdp, start);
+	do {
+		next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
+		if (pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*src_pgdp)))
+			continue;
+		if (copy_pud(dst_pgdp, src_pgdp, addr, next))
+			return -ENOMEM;
+	} while (dst_pgdp++, src_pgdp++, addr = next, addr != end);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int trans_pgd_create_copy(pgd_t **dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
+			  unsigned long end)
+{
+	int rc;
+	pgd_t *trans_pgd = (pgd_t *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
+
+	if (!trans_pgd) {
+		pr_err("Failed to allocate memory for temporary page tables.\n");
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	rc = copy_page_tables(trans_pgd, start, end);
+	if (!rc)
+		*dst_pgdp = trans_pgd;
+
+	return rc;
+}
+
+int trans_pgd_map_page(pgd_t *trans_pgd, void *page, unsigned long dst_addr,
+		       pgprot_t pgprot)
+{
+	pgd_t *pgdp;
+	pud_t *pudp;
+	pmd_t *pmdp;
+	pte_t *ptep;
+
+	pgdp = pgd_offset_raw(trans_pgd, dst_addr);
+	if (pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*pgdp))) {
+		pudp = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
+		if (!pudp)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+		pgd_populate(&init_mm, pgdp, pudp);
+	}
+
+	pudp = pud_offset(pgdp, dst_addr);
+	if (pud_none(READ_ONCE(*pudp))) {
+		pmdp = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
+		if (!pmdp)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+		pud_populate(&init_mm, pudp, pmdp);
+	}
+
+	pmdp = pmd_offset(pudp, dst_addr);
+	if (pmd_none(READ_ONCE(*pmdp))) {
+		ptep = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
+		if (!ptep)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+		pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmdp, ptep);
+	}
+
+	ptep = pte_offset_kernel(pmdp, dst_addr);
+	set_pte(ptep, pfn_pte(virt_to_pfn(page), PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC));
+
+	return 0;
+}
-- 
2.23.0


_______________________________________________
linux-arm-kernel mailing list
linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 08/17] arm64, trans_pgd: make trans_pgd_map_page generic
  2019-08-21 18:31 [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (6 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 07/17] arm64, hibernate: move page handling function to new trans_pgd.c Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-08-21 18:31 ` Pavel Tatashin
  2019-09-06 15:20   ` James Morse
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 09/17] arm64, trans_pgd: add trans_pgd_create_empty Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (8 subsequent siblings)
  16 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-08-21 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: pasha.tatashin, jmorris, sashal, ebiederm, kexec, linux-kernel,
	corbet, catalin.marinas, will, linux-arm-kernel, marc.zyngier,
	james.morse, vladimir.murzin, matthias.bgg, bhsharma, linux-mm,
	mark.rutland

Currently, trans_pgd_map_page has assumptions that are relevant to
hibernate. But, to make it generic we must allow it to use any allocator
and also, can't assume that entries do not exist in the page table
already. Also, we can't use init_mm here.

Also, add "flags" for trans_pgd_info, they are going to be used
in copy functions once they are generalized.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h | 39 +++++++++++++-
 arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c      | 13 ++++-
 arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c          | 82 +++++++++++++++++++++---------
 3 files changed, 107 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
index c7b5402b7d87..e3d022b1b526 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
@@ -11,10 +11,45 @@
 #include <linux/bits.h>
 #include <asm/pgtable-types.h>
 
+/*
+ * trans_alloc_page
+ *	- Allocator that should return exactly one uninitilaized page, if this
+ *	 allocator fails, trans_pgd returns -ENOMEM error.
+ *
+ * trans_alloc_arg
+ *	- Passed to trans_alloc_page as an argument
+ *
+ * trans_flags
+ *	- bitmap with flags that control how page table is filled.
+ *	  TRANS_MKWRITE: during page table copy make PTE, PME, and PUD page
+ *			 writeable by removing RDONLY flag from PTE.
+ *	  TRANS_MKVALID: during page table copy, if PTE present, but not valid,
+ *			 make it valid.
+ *	  TRANS_CHECKPFN: During page table copy, for every PTE entry check that
+ *			  PFN that this PTE points to is valid. Otherwise return
+ *			  -ENXIO
+ */
+
+#define	TRANS_MKWRITE	BIT(0)
+#define	TRANS_MKVALID	BIT(1)
+#define	TRANS_CHECKPFN	BIT(2)
+
+struct trans_pgd_info {
+	void * (*trans_alloc_page)(void *arg);
+	void *trans_alloc_arg;
+	unsigned long trans_flags;
+};
+
 int trans_pgd_create_copy(pgd_t **dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
 			  unsigned long end);
 
-int trans_pgd_map_page(pgd_t *trans_pgd, void *page, unsigned long dst_addr,
-		       pgprot_t pgprot);
+/*
+ * Add map entry to trans_pgd for a base-size page at PTE level.
+ * page:	page to be mapped.
+ * dst_addr:	new VA address for the pages
+ * pgprot:	protection for the page.
+ */
+int trans_pgd_map_page(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pgd_t *trans_pgd,
+		       void *page, unsigned long dst_addr, pgprot_t pgprot);
 
 #endif /* _ASM_TRANS_TABLE_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
index 6ee81bbaa37f..17426dc8cb54 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
@@ -179,6 +179,12 @@ int arch_hibernation_header_restore(void *addr)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(arch_hibernation_header_restore);
 
+static void *
+hibernate_page_alloc(void *arg)
+{
+	return (void *)get_safe_page((gfp_t)(unsigned long)arg);
+}
+
 /*
  * Copies length bytes, starting at src_start into an new page,
  * perform cache maintentance, then maps it at the specified address low
@@ -195,6 +201,11 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
 				 unsigned long dst_addr,
 				 phys_addr_t *phys_dst_addr)
 {
+	struct trans_pgd_info trans_info = {
+		.trans_alloc_page	= hibernate_page_alloc,
+		.trans_alloc_arg	= (void *)GFP_ATOMIC,
+		.trans_flags		= 0,
+	};
 	void *page = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
 	pgd_t *trans_pgd;
 	int rc;
@@ -209,7 +220,7 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
 	if (!trans_pgd)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
-	rc = trans_pgd_map_page(trans_pgd, page, dst_addr,
+	rc = trans_pgd_map_page(&trans_info, trans_pgd, page, dst_addr,
 				PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC);
 	if (rc)
 		return rc;
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
index 00b62d8640c2..dbabccd78cc4 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
@@ -17,6 +17,16 @@
 #include <asm/pgtable.h>
 #include <linux/suspend.h>
 
+static void *trans_alloc(struct trans_pgd_info *info)
+{
+	void *page = info->trans_alloc_page(info->trans_alloc_arg);
+
+	if (page)
+		clear_page(page);
+
+	return page;
+}
+
 static void _copy_pte(pte_t *dst_ptep, pte_t *src_ptep, unsigned long addr)
 {
 	pte_t pte = READ_ONCE(*src_ptep);
@@ -172,40 +182,64 @@ int trans_pgd_create_copy(pgd_t **dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
 	return rc;
 }
 
-int trans_pgd_map_page(pgd_t *trans_pgd, void *page, unsigned long dst_addr,
-		       pgprot_t pgprot)
+int trans_pgd_map_page(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pgd_t *trans_pgd,
+		       void *page, unsigned long dst_addr, pgprot_t pgprot)
 {
-	pgd_t *pgdp;
-	pud_t *pudp;
-	pmd_t *pmdp;
-	pte_t *ptep;
-
-	pgdp = pgd_offset_raw(trans_pgd, dst_addr);
-	if (pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*pgdp))) {
-		pudp = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-		if (!pudp)
+	int pgd_idx = pgd_index(dst_addr);
+	int pud_idx = pud_index(dst_addr);
+	int pmd_idx = pmd_index(dst_addr);
+	int pte_idx = pte_index(dst_addr);
+	pgd_t *pgdp = trans_pgd;
+	pgd_t pgd = READ_ONCE(pgdp[pgd_idx]);
+	pud_t *pudp, pud;
+	pmd_t *pmdp, pmd;
+	pte_t *ptep, pte;
+
+	if (pgd_none(pgd)) {
+		pud_t *t = trans_alloc(info);
+
+		if (!t)
 			return -ENOMEM;
-		pgd_populate(&init_mm, pgdp, pudp);
+
+		__pgd_populate(&pgdp[pgd_idx], __pa(t), PUD_TYPE_TABLE);
+		pgd = READ_ONCE(pgdp[pgd_idx]);
 	}
 
-	pudp = pud_offset(pgdp, dst_addr);
-	if (pud_none(READ_ONCE(*pudp))) {
-		pmdp = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-		if (!pmdp)
+	pudp = __va(pgd_page_paddr(pgd));
+	pud = READ_ONCE(pudp[pud_idx]);
+	if (pud_sect(pud)) {
+		return -ENXIO;
+	} else if (pud_none(pud) || pud_sect(pud)) {
+		pmd_t *t = trans_alloc(info);
+
+		if (!t)
 			return -ENOMEM;
-		pud_populate(&init_mm, pudp, pmdp);
+
+		__pud_populate(&pudp[pud_idx], __pa(t), PMD_TYPE_TABLE);
+		pud = READ_ONCE(pudp[pud_idx]);
 	}
 
-	pmdp = pmd_offset(pudp, dst_addr);
-	if (pmd_none(READ_ONCE(*pmdp))) {
-		ptep = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-		if (!ptep)
+	pmdp = __va(pud_page_paddr(pud));
+	pmd = READ_ONCE(pmdp[pmd_idx]);
+	if (pmd_sect(pmd)) {
+		return -ENXIO;
+	} else if (pmd_none(pmd) || pmd_sect(pmd)) {
+		pte_t *t = trans_alloc(info);
+
+		if (!t)
 			return -ENOMEM;
-		pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmdp, ptep);
+
+		__pmd_populate(&pmdp[pmd_idx], __pa(t), PTE_TYPE_PAGE);
+		pmd = READ_ONCE(pmdp[pmd_idx]);
 	}
 
-	ptep = pte_offset_kernel(pmdp, dst_addr);
-	set_pte(ptep, pfn_pte(virt_to_pfn(page), PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC));
+	ptep = __va(pmd_page_paddr(pmd));
+	pte = READ_ONCE(ptep[pte_idx]);
+
+	if (!pte_none(pte))
+		return -ENXIO;
+
+	set_pte(&ptep[pte_idx], pfn_pte(virt_to_pfn(page), pgprot));
 
 	return 0;
 }
-- 
2.23.0


_______________________________________________
linux-arm-kernel mailing list
linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 09/17] arm64, trans_pgd: add trans_pgd_create_empty
  2019-08-21 18:31 [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (7 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 08/17] arm64, trans_pgd: make trans_pgd_map_page generic Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-08-21 18:31 ` Pavel Tatashin
  2019-09-06 15:20   ` James Morse
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 10/17] arm64, trans_pgd: adjust trans_pgd_create_copy interface Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (7 subsequent siblings)
  16 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-08-21 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: pasha.tatashin, jmorris, sashal, ebiederm, kexec, linux-kernel,
	corbet, catalin.marinas, will, linux-arm-kernel, marc.zyngier,
	james.morse, vladimir.murzin, matthias.bgg, bhsharma, linux-mm,
	mark.rutland

This functions returns a zeroed trans_pgd using the allocator that is
specified in the info argument.

trans_pgds should be created by using this function.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h |  3 +++
 arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c      |  6 +++---
 arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c          | 12 ++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
index e3d022b1b526..26e5a63676b5 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
@@ -40,6 +40,9 @@ struct trans_pgd_info {
 	unsigned long trans_flags;
 };
 
+/* Create and empty trans_pgd page table */
+int trans_pgd_create_empty(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pgd_t **trans_pgd);
+
 int trans_pgd_create_copy(pgd_t **dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
 			  unsigned long end);
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
index 17426dc8cb54..8c2641a9bb09 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
@@ -216,9 +216,9 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
 	memcpy(page, src_start, length);
 	__flush_icache_range((unsigned long)page, (unsigned long)page + length);
 
-	trans_pgd = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-	if (!trans_pgd)
-		return -ENOMEM;
+	rc = trans_pgd_create_empty(&trans_info, &trans_pgd);
+	if (rc)
+		return rc;
 
 	rc = trans_pgd_map_page(&trans_info, trans_pgd, page, dst_addr,
 				PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
index dbabccd78cc4..ece797aa1841 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
@@ -164,6 +164,18 @@ static int copy_page_tables(pgd_t *dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+int trans_pgd_create_empty(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pgd_t **trans_pgd)
+{
+	pgd_t *dst_pgdp = trans_alloc(info);
+
+	if (!dst_pgdp)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	*trans_pgd = dst_pgdp;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
 int trans_pgd_create_copy(pgd_t **dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
 			  unsigned long end)
 {
-- 
2.23.0


_______________________________________________
linux-arm-kernel mailing list
linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 10/17] arm64, trans_pgd: adjust trans_pgd_create_copy interface
  2019-08-21 18:31 [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (8 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 09/17] arm64, trans_pgd: add trans_pgd_create_empty Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-08-21 18:31 ` Pavel Tatashin
  2019-09-06 15:20   ` James Morse
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 11/17] arm64, trans_pgd: add PUD_SECT_RDONLY Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (6 subsequent siblings)
  16 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-08-21 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: pasha.tatashin, jmorris, sashal, ebiederm, kexec, linux-kernel,
	corbet, catalin.marinas, will, linux-arm-kernel, marc.zyngier,
	james.morse, vladimir.murzin, matthias.bgg, bhsharma, linux-mm,
	mark.rutland

Make trans_pgd_create_copy inline with the other functions in
trans_pgd: use the trans_pgd_info argument, and also use the
trans_pgd_create_empty.

Note, that the functions that are called by trans_pgd_create_copy are
not yet adjusted to be compliant with trans_pgd: they do not yet use
the provided allocator, do not check for generic errors, and do not yet
use the flags in info argument.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h |  7 ++++++-
 arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c      | 31 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c          | 17 ++++++----------
 3 files changed, 41 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
index 26e5a63676b5..f4a5f255d4a7 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
@@ -43,7 +43,12 @@ struct trans_pgd_info {
 /* Create and empty trans_pgd page table */
 int trans_pgd_create_empty(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pgd_t **trans_pgd);
 
-int trans_pgd_create_copy(pgd_t **dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
+/*
+ * Create trans_pgd and copy entries from from_table to trans_pgd in range
+ * [start, end)
+ */
+int trans_pgd_create_copy(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pgd_t **trans_pgd,
+			  pgd_t *from_table, unsigned long start,
 			  unsigned long end);
 
 /*
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
index 8c2641a9bb09..8bb602e91065 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
@@ -323,15 +323,42 @@ int swsusp_arch_resume(void)
 	phys_addr_t phys_hibernate_exit;
 	void __noreturn (*hibernate_exit)(phys_addr_t, phys_addr_t, void *,
 					  void *, phys_addr_t, phys_addr_t);
+	struct trans_pgd_info trans_info = {
+		.trans_alloc_page	= hibernate_page_alloc,
+		.trans_alloc_arg	= (void *)GFP_ATOMIC,
+		/*
+		 * Resume will overwrite areas that may be marked read only
+		 * (code, rodata). Clear the RDONLY bit from the temporary
+		 * mappings we use during restore.
+		 */
+		.trans_flags		= TRANS_MKWRITE,
+	};
+
+	/*
+	 * debug_pagealloc will removed the PTE_VALID bit if the page isn't in
+	 * use by the resume kernel. It may have been in use by the original
+	 * kernel, in which case we need to put it back in our copy to do the
+	 * restore.
+	 *
+	 * Before marking this entry valid, check the pfn should be mapped.
+	 */
+	if (debug_pagealloc_enabled())
+		trans_info.trans_flags |= (TRANS_MKVALID | TRANS_CHECKPFN);
 
 	/*
 	 * Restoring the memory image will overwrite the ttbr1 page tables.
 	 * Create a second copy of just the linear map, and use this when
 	 * restoring.
 	 */
-	rc = trans_pgd_create_copy(&tmp_pg_dir, PAGE_OFFSET, 0);
-	if (rc)
+	rc = trans_pgd_create_copy(&trans_info, &tmp_pg_dir, init_mm.pgd,
+				   PAGE_OFFSET, 0);
+	if (rc) {
+		if (rc == -ENOMEM)
+			pr_err("Failed to allocate memory for temporary page tables.\n");
+		else if (rc == -ENXIO)
+			pr_err("Tried to set PTE for PFN that does not exist\n");
 		goto out;
+	}
 
 	/*
 	 * We need a zero page that is zero before & after resume in order to
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
index ece797aa1841..7d8734709b61 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
@@ -176,22 +176,17 @@ int trans_pgd_create_empty(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pgd_t **trans_pgd)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-int trans_pgd_create_copy(pgd_t **dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
+int trans_pgd_create_copy(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pgd_t **trans_pgd,
+			  pgd_t *from_table, unsigned long start,
 			  unsigned long end)
 {
 	int rc;
-	pgd_t *trans_pgd = (pgd_t *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
 
-	if (!trans_pgd) {
-		pr_err("Failed to allocate memory for temporary page tables.\n");
-		return -ENOMEM;
-	}
-
-	rc = copy_page_tables(trans_pgd, start, end);
-	if (!rc)
-		*dst_pgdp = trans_pgd;
+	rc = trans_pgd_create_empty(info, trans_pgd);
+	if (rc)
+		return rc;
 
-	return rc;
+	return copy_page_tables(*trans_pgd, start, end);
 }
 
 int trans_pgd_map_page(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pgd_t *trans_pgd,
-- 
2.23.0


_______________________________________________
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linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 11/17] arm64, trans_pgd: add PUD_SECT_RDONLY
  2019-08-21 18:31 [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (9 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 10/17] arm64, trans_pgd: adjust trans_pgd_create_copy interface Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-08-21 18:31 ` Pavel Tatashin
  2019-09-06 15:21   ` James Morse
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 12/17] arm64, trans_pgd: complete generalization of trans_pgds Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  16 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-08-21 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: pasha.tatashin, jmorris, sashal, ebiederm, kexec, linux-kernel,
	corbet, catalin.marinas, will, linux-arm-kernel, marc.zyngier,
	james.morse, vladimir.murzin, matthias.bgg, bhsharma, linux-mm,
	mark.rutland

Thre is PMD_SECT_RDONLY that is used in pud_* function which is confusing.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable-hwdef.h | 1 +
 arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c              | 2 +-
 2 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable-hwdef.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable-hwdef.h
index db92950bb1a0..dcb4f13c7888 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable-hwdef.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable-hwdef.h
@@ -110,6 +110,7 @@
 #define PUD_TABLE_BIT		(_AT(pudval_t, 1) << 1)
 #define PUD_TYPE_MASK		(_AT(pudval_t, 3) << 0)
 #define PUD_TYPE_SECT		(_AT(pudval_t, 1) << 0)
+#define PUD_SECT_RDONLY		(_AT(pudval_t, 1) << 7)		/* AP[2] */
 
 /*
  * Level 2 descriptor (PMD).
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
index 7d8734709b61..efd42509d069 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
@@ -138,7 +138,7 @@ static int copy_pud(pgd_t *dst_pgdp, pgd_t *src_pgdp, unsigned long start,
 				return -ENOMEM;
 		} else {
 			set_pud(dst_pudp,
-				__pud(pud_val(pud) & ~PMD_SECT_RDONLY));
+				__pud(pud_val(pud) & ~PUD_SECT_RDONLY));
 		}
 	} while (dst_pudp++, src_pudp++, addr = next, addr != end);
 
-- 
2.23.0


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http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 12/17] arm64, trans_pgd: complete generalization of trans_pgds
  2019-08-21 18:31 [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (10 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 11/17] arm64, trans_pgd: add PUD_SECT_RDONLY Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-08-21 18:31 ` Pavel Tatashin
  2019-09-06 15:23   ` James Morse
  2019-08-21 18:32 ` [PATCH v3 13/17] kexec: add machine_kexec_post_load() Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  16 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-08-21 18:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: pasha.tatashin, jmorris, sashal, ebiederm, kexec, linux-kernel,
	corbet, catalin.marinas, will, linux-arm-kernel, marc.zyngier,
	james.morse, vladimir.murzin, matthias.bgg, bhsharma, linux-mm,
	mark.rutland

Make the last private functions in page table copy path generlized for use
outside of hibernate.

Switch to use the provided allocator, flags, and source page table. Also,
unify all copy function implementations to reduce the possibility of bugs.
All page table levels are implemented symmetrically.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
---
 arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c | 200 +++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
 1 file changed, 109 insertions(+), 91 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
index efd42509d069..ccd9900f8edb 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
@@ -27,139 +27,157 @@ static void *trans_alloc(struct trans_pgd_info *info)
 	return page;
 }
 
-static void _copy_pte(pte_t *dst_ptep, pte_t *src_ptep, unsigned long addr)
+static int copy_pte(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pte_t *dst_ptep,
+		    pte_t *src_ptep, unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
 {
-	pte_t pte = READ_ONCE(*src_ptep);
-
-	if (pte_valid(pte)) {
-		/*
-		 * Resume will overwrite areas that may be marked
-		 * read only (code, rodata). Clear the RDONLY bit from
-		 * the temporary mappings we use during restore.
-		 */
-		set_pte(dst_ptep, pte_mkwrite(pte));
-	} else if (debug_pagealloc_enabled() && !pte_none(pte)) {
-		/*
-		 * debug_pagealloc will removed the PTE_VALID bit if
-		 * the page isn't in use by the resume kernel. It may have
-		 * been in use by the original kernel, in which case we need
-		 * to put it back in our copy to do the restore.
-		 *
-		 * Before marking this entry valid, check the pfn should
-		 * be mapped.
-		 */
-		BUG_ON(!pfn_valid(pte_pfn(pte)));
-
-		set_pte(dst_ptep, pte_mkpresent(pte_mkwrite(pte)));
-	}
-}
-
-static int copy_pte(pmd_t *dst_pmdp, pmd_t *src_pmdp, unsigned long start,
-		    unsigned long end)
-{
-	pte_t *src_ptep;
-	pte_t *dst_ptep;
 	unsigned long addr = start;
+	int i = pte_index(addr);
 
-	dst_ptep = (pte_t *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-	if (!dst_ptep)
-		return -ENOMEM;
-	pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, dst_pmdp, dst_ptep);
-	dst_ptep = pte_offset_kernel(dst_pmdp, start);
-
-	src_ptep = pte_offset_kernel(src_pmdp, start);
 	do {
-		_copy_pte(dst_ptep, src_ptep, addr);
-	} while (dst_ptep++, src_ptep++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
+		pte_t src_pte = READ_ONCE(src_ptep[i]);
+
+		if (pte_none(src_pte))
+			continue;
+		if (info->trans_flags & TRANS_MKWRITE)
+			src_pte = pte_mkwrite(src_pte);
+		if (info->trans_flags & TRANS_MKVALID)
+			src_pte = pte_mkpresent(src_pte);
+		if (info->trans_flags & TRANS_CHECKPFN) {
+			if (!pfn_valid(pte_pfn(src_pte)))
+				return -ENXIO;
+		}
+		set_pte(&dst_ptep[i], src_pte);
+	} while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++, addr != end && i < PTRS_PER_PTE);
 
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int copy_pmd(pud_t *dst_pudp, pud_t *src_pudp, unsigned long start,
-		    unsigned long end)
+static int copy_pmd(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pmd_t *dst_pmdp,
+		    pmd_t *src_pmdp, unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
 {
-	pmd_t *src_pmdp;
-	pmd_t *dst_pmdp;
 	unsigned long next;
 	unsigned long addr = start;
+	int i = pmd_index(addr);
+	int rc;
 
-	if (pud_none(READ_ONCE(*dst_pudp))) {
-		dst_pmdp = (pmd_t *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-		if (!dst_pmdp)
-			return -ENOMEM;
-		pud_populate(&init_mm, dst_pudp, dst_pmdp);
-	}
-	dst_pmdp = pmd_offset(dst_pudp, start);
-
-	src_pmdp = pmd_offset(src_pudp, start);
 	do {
-		pmd_t pmd = READ_ONCE(*src_pmdp);
+		pmd_t src_pmd = READ_ONCE(src_pmdp[i]);
+		pmd_t dst_pmd = READ_ONCE(dst_pmdp[i]);
+		pte_t *dst_ptep, *src_ptep;
 
 		next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
-		if (pmd_none(pmd))
+		if (pmd_none(src_pmd))
+			continue;
+
+		if (!pmd_table(src_pmd)) {
+			if (info->trans_flags & TRANS_MKWRITE)
+				pmd_val(src_pmd) &= ~PMD_SECT_RDONLY;
+			set_pmd(&dst_pmdp[i], src_pmd);
 			continue;
-		if (pmd_table(pmd)) {
-			if (copy_pte(dst_pmdp, src_pmdp, addr, next))
+		}
+
+		if (pmd_none(dst_pmd)) {
+			pte_t *t = trans_alloc(info);
+
+			if (!t)
 				return -ENOMEM;
-		} else {
-			set_pmd(dst_pmdp,
-				__pmd(pmd_val(pmd) & ~PMD_SECT_RDONLY));
+
+			__pmd_populate(&dst_pmdp[i], __pa(t), PTE_TYPE_PAGE);
+			dst_pmd = READ_ONCE(dst_pmdp[i]);
 		}
-	} while (dst_pmdp++, src_pmdp++, addr = next, addr != end);
+
+		src_ptep = __va(pmd_page_paddr(src_pmd));
+		dst_ptep = __va(pmd_page_paddr(dst_pmd));
+
+		rc = copy_pte(info, dst_ptep, src_ptep, addr, next);
+		if (rc)
+			return rc;
+	} while (addr = next, i++, addr != end && i < PTRS_PER_PMD);
 
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int copy_pud(pgd_t *dst_pgdp, pgd_t *src_pgdp, unsigned long start,
-		    unsigned long end)
+static int copy_pud(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pud_t *dst_pudp,
+		    pud_t *src_pudp, unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
 {
-	pud_t *dst_pudp;
-	pud_t *src_pudp;
 	unsigned long next;
 	unsigned long addr = start;
+	int i = pud_index(addr);
+	int rc;
 
-	if (pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*dst_pgdp))) {
-		dst_pudp = (pud_t *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
-		if (!dst_pudp)
-			return -ENOMEM;
-		pgd_populate(&init_mm, dst_pgdp, dst_pudp);
-	}
-	dst_pudp = pud_offset(dst_pgdp, start);
-
-	src_pudp = pud_offset(src_pgdp, start);
 	do {
-		pud_t pud = READ_ONCE(*src_pudp);
+		pud_t src_pud = READ_ONCE(src_pudp[i]);
+		pud_t dst_pud = READ_ONCE(dst_pudp[i]);
+		pmd_t *dst_pmdp, *src_pmdp;
 
 		next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
-		if (pud_none(pud))
+		if (pud_none(src_pud))
 			continue;
-		if (pud_table(pud)) {
-			if (copy_pmd(dst_pudp, src_pudp, addr, next))
+
+		if (!pud_table(src_pud)) {
+			if (info->trans_flags & TRANS_MKWRITE)
+				pud_val(src_pud) &= ~PUD_SECT_RDONLY;
+			set_pud(&dst_pudp[i], src_pud);
+			continue;
+		}
+
+		if (pud_none(dst_pud)) {
+			pmd_t *t = trans_alloc(info);
+
+			if (!t)
 				return -ENOMEM;
-		} else {
-			set_pud(dst_pudp,
-				__pud(pud_val(pud) & ~PUD_SECT_RDONLY));
+
+			__pud_populate(&dst_pudp[i], __pa(t), PMD_TYPE_TABLE);
+			dst_pud = READ_ONCE(dst_pudp[i]);
 		}
-	} while (dst_pudp++, src_pudp++, addr = next, addr != end);
+
+		src_pmdp = __va(pud_page_paddr(src_pud));
+		dst_pmdp = __va(pud_page_paddr(dst_pud));
+
+		rc = copy_pmd(info, dst_pmdp, src_pmdp, addr, next);
+		if (rc)
+			return rc;
+	} while (addr = next, i++, addr != end && i < PTRS_PER_PUD);
 
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int copy_page_tables(pgd_t *dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
-			    unsigned long end)
+static int copy_pgd(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pgd_t *dst_pgdp,
+		    pgd_t *src_pgdp, unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
 {
 	unsigned long next;
 	unsigned long addr = start;
-	pgd_t *src_pgdp = pgd_offset_k(start);
+	int i = pgd_index(addr);
+	int rc;
 
-	dst_pgdp = pgd_offset_raw(dst_pgdp, start);
 	do {
+		pgd_t src_pgd;
+		pgd_t dst_pgd;
+		pud_t *dst_pudp, *src_pudp;
+
+		src_pgd = READ_ONCE(src_pgdp[i]);
+		dst_pgd = READ_ONCE(dst_pgdp[i]);
 		next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
-		if (pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*src_pgdp)))
+		if (pgd_none(src_pgd))
 			continue;
-		if (copy_pud(dst_pgdp, src_pgdp, addr, next))
-			return -ENOMEM;
-	} while (dst_pgdp++, src_pgdp++, addr = next, addr != end);
+
+		if (pgd_none(dst_pgd)) {
+			pud_t *t = trans_alloc(info);
+
+			if (!t)
+				return -ENOMEM;
+
+			__pgd_populate(&dst_pgdp[i], __pa(t), PUD_TYPE_TABLE);
+			dst_pgd = READ_ONCE(dst_pgdp[i]);
+		}
+
+		src_pudp = __va(pgd_page_paddr(src_pgd));
+		dst_pudp = __va(pgd_page_paddr(dst_pgd));
+
+		rc = copy_pud(info, dst_pudp, src_pudp, addr, next);
+		if (rc)
+			return rc;
+	} while (addr = next, i++, addr != end && i < PTRS_PER_PGD);
 
 	return 0;
 }
@@ -186,7 +204,7 @@ int trans_pgd_create_copy(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pgd_t **trans_pgd,
 	if (rc)
 		return rc;
 
-	return copy_page_tables(*trans_pgd, start, end);
+	return copy_pgd(info, *trans_pgd, from_table, start, end);
 }
 
 int trans_pgd_map_page(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pgd_t *trans_pgd,
-- 
2.23.0


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http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 13/17] kexec: add machine_kexec_post_load()
  2019-08-21 18:31 [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (11 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 12/17] arm64, trans_pgd: complete generalization of trans_pgds Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-08-21 18:32 ` Pavel Tatashin
  2019-08-21 18:32 ` [PATCH v3 14/17] arm64, kexec: move relocation function setup and clean up Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  16 siblings, 0 replies; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-08-21 18:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: pasha.tatashin, jmorris, sashal, ebiederm, kexec, linux-kernel,
	corbet, catalin.marinas, will, linux-arm-kernel, marc.zyngier,
	james.morse, vladimir.murzin, matthias.bgg, bhsharma, linux-mm,
	mark.rutland

It is the same as machine_kexec_prepare(), but is called after segments are
loaded. This way, can do processing work with already loaded relocation
segments. One such example is arm64: it has to have segments loaded in
order to create a page table, but it cannot do it during kexec time,
because at that time allocations won't be possible anymore.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
---
 kernel/kexec.c          | 4 ++++
 kernel/kexec_core.c     | 6 ++++++
 kernel/kexec_file.c     | 4 ++++
 kernel/kexec_internal.h | 2 ++
 4 files changed, 16 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/kexec.c b/kernel/kexec.c
index 1b018f1a6e0d..27b71dc7b35a 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec.c
+++ b/kernel/kexec.c
@@ -159,6 +159,10 @@ static int do_kexec_load(unsigned long entry, unsigned long nr_segments,
 
 	kimage_terminate(image);
 
+	ret = machine_kexec_post_load(image);
+	if (ret)
+		goto out;
+
 	/* Install the new kernel and uninstall the old */
 	image = xchg(dest_image, image);
 
diff --git a/kernel/kexec_core.c b/kernel/kexec_core.c
index 2c5b72863b7b..8360645d1bbe 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec_core.c
+++ b/kernel/kexec_core.c
@@ -587,6 +587,12 @@ static void kimage_free_extra_pages(struct kimage *image)
 	kimage_free_page_list(&image->unusable_pages);
 
 }
+
+int __weak machine_kexec_post_load(struct kimage *image)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
 void kimage_terminate(struct kimage *image)
 {
 	if (*image->entry != 0)
diff --git a/kernel/kexec_file.c b/kernel/kexec_file.c
index b8cc032d5620..cb531d768114 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec_file.c
+++ b/kernel/kexec_file.c
@@ -391,6 +391,10 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(kexec_file_load, int, kernel_fd, int, initrd_fd,
 
 	kimage_terminate(image);
 
+	ret = machine_kexec_post_load(image);
+	if (ret)
+		goto out;
+
 	/*
 	 * Free up any temporary buffers allocated which are not needed
 	 * after image has been loaded
diff --git a/kernel/kexec_internal.h b/kernel/kexec_internal.h
index 48aaf2ac0d0d..39d30ccf8d87 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec_internal.h
+++ b/kernel/kexec_internal.h
@@ -13,6 +13,8 @@ void kimage_terminate(struct kimage *image);
 int kimage_is_destination_range(struct kimage *image,
 				unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
 
+int machine_kexec_post_load(struct kimage *image);
+
 extern struct mutex kexec_mutex;
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE
-- 
2.23.0


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 14/17] arm64, kexec: move relocation function setup and clean up
  2019-08-21 18:31 [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (12 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-21 18:32 ` [PATCH v3 13/17] kexec: add machine_kexec_post_load() Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-08-21 18:32 ` Pavel Tatashin
  2019-08-21 18:32 ` [PATCH v3 15/17] arm64, kexec: add expandable argument to relocation function Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  16 siblings, 0 replies; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-08-21 18:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: pasha.tatashin, jmorris, sashal, ebiederm, kexec, linux-kernel,
	corbet, catalin.marinas, will, linux-arm-kernel, marc.zyngier,
	james.morse, vladimir.murzin, matthias.bgg, bhsharma, linux-mm,
	mark.rutland

Currently, kernel relocation function is configured in machine_kexec()
at the time of kexec reboot by using control_code_page.

This operation, however, is more logical to be done during kexec_load,
and thus remove from reboot time. Move, setup of this function to
newly added machine_kexec_post_load().

In addition, do some cleanup: add infor about reloction function to
kexec_image_info(), and remove extra messages from machine_kexec().

Make dtb_mem, always available, if CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE is not configured
dtb_mem is set to zero anyway.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h    |  3 +-
 arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c | 49 +++++++++++--------------------
 2 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 33 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h
index 12a561a54128..d15ca1ca1e83 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h
@@ -90,14 +90,15 @@ static inline void crash_prepare_suspend(void) {}
 static inline void crash_post_resume(void) {}
 #endif
 
-#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE
 #define ARCH_HAS_KIMAGE_ARCH
 
 struct kimage_arch {
 	void *dtb;
 	unsigned long dtb_mem;
+	unsigned long kern_reloc;
 };
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE
 extern const struct kexec_file_ops kexec_image_ops;
 
 struct kimage;
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c
index 0df8493624e0..9b41da50e6f7 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c
@@ -42,6 +42,7 @@ static void _kexec_image_info(const char *func, int line,
 	pr_debug("    start:       %lx\n", kimage->start);
 	pr_debug("    head:        %lx\n", kimage->head);
 	pr_debug("    nr_segments: %lu\n", kimage->nr_segments);
+	pr_debug("    kern_reloc: %pa\n", &kimage->arch.kern_reloc);
 
 	for (i = 0; i < kimage->nr_segments; i++) {
 		pr_debug("      segment[%lu]: %016lx - %016lx, 0x%lx bytes, %lu pages\n",
@@ -58,6 +59,19 @@ void machine_kexec_cleanup(struct kimage *kimage)
 	/* Empty routine needed to avoid build errors. */
 }
 
+int machine_kexec_post_load(struct kimage *kimage)
+{
+	unsigned long kern_reloc;
+
+	kern_reloc = page_to_phys(kimage->control_code_page);
+	memcpy(__va(kern_reloc), arm64_relocate_new_kernel,
+	       arm64_relocate_new_kernel_size);
+	kimage->arch.kern_reloc = kern_reloc;
+
+	kexec_image_info(kimage);
+	return 0;
+}
+
 /**
  * machine_kexec_prepare - Prepare for a kexec reboot.
  *
@@ -67,8 +81,6 @@ void machine_kexec_cleanup(struct kimage *kimage)
  */
 int machine_kexec_prepare(struct kimage *kimage)
 {
-	kexec_image_info(kimage);
-
 	if (kimage->type != KEXEC_TYPE_CRASH && cpus_are_stuck_in_kernel()) {
 		pr_err("Can't kexec: CPUs are stuck in the kernel.\n");
 		return -EBUSY;
@@ -143,8 +155,7 @@ static void kexec_segment_flush(const struct kimage *kimage)
  */
 void machine_kexec(struct kimage *kimage)
 {
-	phys_addr_t reboot_code_buffer_phys;
-	void *reboot_code_buffer;
+	void *reboot_code_buffer = phys_to_virt(kimage->arch.kern_reloc);
 	bool in_kexec_crash = (kimage == kexec_crash_image);
 	bool stuck_cpus = cpus_are_stuck_in_kernel();
 
@@ -155,30 +166,8 @@ void machine_kexec(struct kimage *kimage)
 	WARN(in_kexec_crash && (stuck_cpus || smp_crash_stop_failed()),
 		"Some CPUs may be stale, kdump will be unreliable.\n");
 
-	reboot_code_buffer_phys = page_to_phys(kimage->control_code_page);
-	reboot_code_buffer = phys_to_virt(reboot_code_buffer_phys);
-
 	kexec_image_info(kimage);
 
-	pr_debug("%s:%d: control_code_page:        %p\n", __func__, __LINE__,
-		kimage->control_code_page);
-	pr_debug("%s:%d: reboot_code_buffer_phys:  %pa\n", __func__, __LINE__,
-		&reboot_code_buffer_phys);
-	pr_debug("%s:%d: reboot_code_buffer:       %p\n", __func__, __LINE__,
-		reboot_code_buffer);
-	pr_debug("%s:%d: relocate_new_kernel:      %p\n", __func__, __LINE__,
-		arm64_relocate_new_kernel);
-	pr_debug("%s:%d: relocate_new_kernel_size: 0x%lx(%lu) bytes\n",
-		__func__, __LINE__, arm64_relocate_new_kernel_size,
-		arm64_relocate_new_kernel_size);
-
-	/*
-	 * Copy arm64_relocate_new_kernel to the reboot_code_buffer for use
-	 * after the kernel is shut down.
-	 */
-	memcpy(reboot_code_buffer, arm64_relocate_new_kernel,
-		arm64_relocate_new_kernel_size);
-
 	/* Flush the reboot_code_buffer in preparation for its execution. */
 	__flush_dcache_area(reboot_code_buffer, arm64_relocate_new_kernel_size);
 
@@ -214,12 +203,8 @@ void machine_kexec(struct kimage *kimage)
 	 * userspace (kexec-tools).
 	 * In kexec_file case, the kernel starts directly without purgatory.
 	 */
-	cpu_soft_restart(reboot_code_buffer_phys, kimage->head, kimage->start,
-#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE
-						kimage->arch.dtb_mem);
-#else
-						0);
-#endif
+	cpu_soft_restart(kimage->arch.kern_reloc, kimage->head, kimage->start,
+			 kimage->arch.dtb_mem);
 
 	BUG(); /* Should never get here. */
 }
-- 
2.23.0


_______________________________________________
linux-arm-kernel mailing list
linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 15/17] arm64, kexec: add expandable argument to relocation function
  2019-08-21 18:31 [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (13 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-21 18:32 ` [PATCH v3 14/17] arm64, kexec: move relocation function setup and clean up Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-08-21 18:32 ` Pavel Tatashin
  2019-08-21 18:32 ` [PATCH v3 16/17] arm64, kexec: configure trans_pgd page table for kexec Pavel Tatashin
  2019-08-21 18:32 ` [PATCH v3 17/17] arm64, kexec: enable MMU during kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
  16 siblings, 0 replies; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-08-21 18:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: pasha.tatashin, jmorris, sashal, ebiederm, kexec, linux-kernel,
	corbet, catalin.marinas, will, linux-arm-kernel, marc.zyngier,
	james.morse, vladimir.murzin, matthias.bgg, bhsharma, linux-mm,
	mark.rutland

Currently, kexec relocation function (arm64_relocate_new_kernel) accepts
the following arguments:

head:		start of array that contains relocation information.
entry:		entry point for new kernel or purgatory.
dtb_mem:	first and only argument to entry.

The number of arguments cannot be easily expended, because this
function is also called from HVC_SOFT_RESTART, which preserves only
three arguments. And, also arm64_relocate_new_kernel is written in
assembly but called without stack, thus no place to move extra
arguments to free registers.

Soon, we will need to pass more arguments: once we enable MMU we
will need to pass information about page tables.

Another benefit of allowing this function to accept more arguments, is that
kernel can actually accept up to 4 arguments (x0-x3), however currently
only one is used, but if in the future we will need for more (for example,
pass information about when previous kernel exited to have a precise
measurement in time spent in purgatory), we won't be easilty do that
if arm64_relocate_new_kernel can't accept more arguments.

So, add a new struct: kern_reloc_arg, and place it in kexec safe page (i.e
memory that is not overwritten during relocation).
Thus, make arm64_relocate_new_kernel to only take one argument, that
contains all the needed information.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h      | 18 ++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c     |  9 +++
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpu-reset.S       |  4 +-
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpu-reset.h       |  8 +--
 arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c   | 28 ++++++++-
 arch/arm64/kernel/relocate_kernel.S | 88 ++++++++++-------------------
 6 files changed, 86 insertions(+), 69 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h
index d15ca1ca1e83..d5b79d4c7fae 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h
@@ -90,12 +90,30 @@ static inline void crash_prepare_suspend(void) {}
 static inline void crash_post_resume(void) {}
 #endif
 
+/*
+ * kern_reloc_arg is passed to kernel relocation function as an argument.
+ * head		kimage->head, allows to traverse through relocation segments.
+ * entry_addr	kimage->start, where to jump from relocation function (new
+ *		kernel, or purgatory entry address).
+ * kern_arg0	first argument to kernel is its dtb address. The other
+ *		arguments are currently unused, and must be set to 0
+ */
+struct kern_reloc_arg {
+	unsigned long	head;
+	unsigned long	entry_addr;
+	unsigned long	kern_arg0;
+	unsigned long	kern_arg1;
+	unsigned long	kern_arg2;
+	unsigned long	kern_arg3;
+};
+
 #define ARCH_HAS_KIMAGE_ARCH
 
 struct kimage_arch {
 	void *dtb;
 	unsigned long dtb_mem;
 	unsigned long kern_reloc;
+	unsigned long kern_reloc_arg;
 };
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c
index 214685760e1c..900394907fd8 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@
 #include <asm/suspend.h>
 #include <linux/kbuild.h>
 #include <linux/arm-smccc.h>
+#include <linux/kexec.h>
 
 int main(void)
 {
@@ -126,6 +127,14 @@ int main(void)
 #ifdef CONFIG_ARM_SDE_INTERFACE
   DEFINE(SDEI_EVENT_INTREGS,	offsetof(struct sdei_registered_event, interrupted_regs));
   DEFINE(SDEI_EVENT_PRIORITY,	offsetof(struct sdei_registered_event, priority));
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE
+  DEFINE(KRELOC_HEAD,		offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, head));
+  DEFINE(KRELOC_ENTRY_ADDR,	offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, entry_addr));
+  DEFINE(KRELOC_KERN_ARG0,	offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, kern_arg0));
+  DEFINE(KRELOC_KERN_ARG1,	offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, kern_arg1));
+  DEFINE(KRELOC_KERN_ARG2,	offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, kern_arg2));
+  DEFINE(KRELOC_KERN_ARG3,	offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, kern_arg3));
 #endif
   return 0;
 }
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu-reset.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu-reset.S
index 6ea337d464c4..64c78a42919f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu-reset.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu-reset.S
@@ -43,9 +43,7 @@ ENTRY(__cpu_soft_restart)
 	hvc	#0				// no return
 
 1:	mov	x18, x1				// entry
-	mov	x0, x2				// arg0
-	mov	x1, x3				// arg1
-	mov	x2, x4				// arg2
+	mov	x0, x2				// arg
 	br	x18
 ENDPROC(__cpu_soft_restart)
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu-reset.h b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu-reset.h
index ed50e9587ad8..7a8720ff186f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu-reset.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu-reset.h
@@ -11,12 +11,10 @@
 #include <asm/virt.h>
 
 void __cpu_soft_restart(unsigned long el2_switch, unsigned long entry,
-	unsigned long arg0, unsigned long arg1, unsigned long arg2);
+			unsigned long arg);
 
 static inline void __noreturn cpu_soft_restart(unsigned long entry,
-					       unsigned long arg0,
-					       unsigned long arg1,
-					       unsigned long arg2)
+					       unsigned long arg)
 {
 	typeof(__cpu_soft_restart) *restart;
 
@@ -25,7 +23,7 @@ static inline void __noreturn cpu_soft_restart(unsigned long entry,
 	restart = (void *)__pa_symbol(__cpu_soft_restart);
 
 	cpu_install_idmap();
-	restart(el2_switch, entry, arg0, arg1, arg2);
+	restart(el2_switch, entry, arg);
 	unreachable();
 }
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c
index 9b41da50e6f7..d745ea2051df 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c
@@ -43,6 +43,7 @@ static void _kexec_image_info(const char *func, int line,
 	pr_debug("    head:        %lx\n", kimage->head);
 	pr_debug("    nr_segments: %lu\n", kimage->nr_segments);
 	pr_debug("    kern_reloc: %pa\n", &kimage->arch.kern_reloc);
+	pr_debug("    kern_reloc_arg: %pa\n", &kimage->arch.kern_reloc_arg);
 
 	for (i = 0; i < kimage->nr_segments; i++) {
 		pr_debug("      segment[%lu]: %016lx - %016lx, 0x%lx bytes, %lu pages\n",
@@ -59,14 +60,38 @@ void machine_kexec_cleanup(struct kimage *kimage)
 	/* Empty routine needed to avoid build errors. */
 }
 
+/* Allocates pages for kexec page table */
+static void *kexec_page_alloc(void *arg)
+{
+	struct kimage *kimage = (struct kimage *)arg;
+	struct page *page = kimage_alloc_control_pages(kimage, 0);
+
+	if (!page)
+		return NULL;
+
+	return page_address(page);
+}
+
 int machine_kexec_post_load(struct kimage *kimage)
 {
 	unsigned long kern_reloc;
+	struct kern_reloc_arg *kern_reloc_arg;
 
 	kern_reloc = page_to_phys(kimage->control_code_page);
 	memcpy(__va(kern_reloc), arm64_relocate_new_kernel,
 	       arm64_relocate_new_kernel_size);
+
+	kern_reloc_arg = kexec_page_alloc(kimage);
+	if (!kern_reloc_arg)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	memset(kern_reloc_arg, 0, sizeof(struct kern_reloc_arg));
+
 	kimage->arch.kern_reloc = kern_reloc;
+	kimage->arch.kern_reloc_arg = __pa(kern_reloc_arg);
+
+	kern_reloc_arg->head = kimage->head;
+	kern_reloc_arg->entry_addr = kimage->start;
+	kern_reloc_arg->kern_arg0 = kimage->arch.dtb_mem;
 
 	kexec_image_info(kimage);
 	return 0;
@@ -203,8 +228,7 @@ void machine_kexec(struct kimage *kimage)
 	 * userspace (kexec-tools).
 	 * In kexec_file case, the kernel starts directly without purgatory.
 	 */
-	cpu_soft_restart(kimage->arch.kern_reloc, kimage->head, kimage->start,
-			 kimage->arch.dtb_mem);
+	cpu_soft_restart(kimage->arch.kern_reloc, kimage->arch.kern_reloc_arg);
 
 	BUG(); /* Should never get here. */
 }
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/relocate_kernel.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/relocate_kernel.S
index c1d7db71a726..d352faf7cbe6 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/relocate_kernel.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/relocate_kernel.S
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@
 
 #include <linux/kexec.h>
 #include <linux/linkage.h>
-
+#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
 #include <asm/assembler.h>
 #include <asm/kexec.h>
 #include <asm/page.h>
@@ -17,86 +17,58 @@
 /*
  * arm64_relocate_new_kernel - Put a 2nd stage image in place and boot it.
  *
- * The memory that the old kernel occupies may be overwritten when coping the
+ * The memory that the old kernel occupies may be overwritten when copying the
  * new image to its final location.  To assure that the
  * arm64_relocate_new_kernel routine which does that copy is not overwritten,
  * all code and data needed by arm64_relocate_new_kernel must be between the
  * symbols arm64_relocate_new_kernel and arm64_relocate_new_kernel_end.  The
  * machine_kexec() routine will copy arm64_relocate_new_kernel to the kexec
- * control_code_page, a special page which has been set up to be preserved
- * during the copy operation.
+ * safe memory that has been set up to be preserved during the copy operation.
  */
 ENTRY(arm64_relocate_new_kernel)
-
-	/* Setup the list loop variables. */
-	mov	x18, x2				/* x18 = dtb address */
-	mov	x17, x1				/* x17 = kimage_start */
-	mov	x16, x0				/* x16 = kimage_head */
-	raw_dcache_line_size x15, x0		/* x15 = dcache line size */
-	mov	x14, xzr			/* x14 = entry ptr */
-	mov	x13, xzr			/* x13 = copy dest */
-
 	/* Clear the sctlr_el2 flags. */
-	mrs	x0, CurrentEL
-	cmp	x0, #CurrentEL_EL2
+	mrs	x2, CurrentEL
+	cmp	x2, #CurrentEL_EL2
 	b.ne	1f
-	mrs	x0, sctlr_el2
+	mrs	x2, sctlr_el2
 	ldr	x1, =SCTLR_ELx_FLAGS
-	bic	x0, x0, x1
+	bic	x2, x2, x1
 	pre_disable_mmu_workaround
-	msr	sctlr_el2, x0
+	msr	sctlr_el2, x2
 	isb
-1:
-
-	/* Check if the new image needs relocation. */
+1:	/* Check if the new image needs relocation. */
+	ldr	x16, [x0, #KRELOC_HEAD]		/* x16 = kimage_head */
 	tbnz	x16, IND_DONE_BIT, .Ldone
-
+	raw_dcache_line_size x15, x1		/* x15 = dcache line size */
 .Lloop:
 	and	x12, x16, PAGE_MASK		/* x12 = addr */
-
 	/* Test the entry flags. */
 .Ltest_source:
 	tbz	x16, IND_SOURCE_BIT, .Ltest_indirection
 
 	/* Invalidate dest page to PoC. */
-	mov     x0, x13
-	add     x20, x0, #PAGE_SIZE
+	mov     x2, x13
+	add     x20, x2, #PAGE_SIZE
 	sub     x1, x15, #1
-	bic     x0, x0, x1
-2:	dc      ivac, x0
-	add     x0, x0, x15
-	cmp     x0, x20
+	bic     x2, x2, x1
+2:	dc      ivac, x2
+	add     x2, x2, x15
+	cmp     x2, x20
 	b.lo    2b
 	dsb     sy
 
-	mov x20, x13
-	mov x21, x12
-	copy_page x20, x21, x0, x1, x2, x3, x4, x5, x6, x7
-
-	/* dest += PAGE_SIZE */
-	add	x13, x13, PAGE_SIZE
+	copy_page x13, x12, x1, x2, x3, x4, x5, x6, x7, x8
 	b	.Lnext
-
 .Ltest_indirection:
 	tbz	x16, IND_INDIRECTION_BIT, .Ltest_destination
-
-	/* ptr = addr */
-	mov	x14, x12
+	mov	x14, x12			/* ptr = addr */
 	b	.Lnext
-
 .Ltest_destination:
 	tbz	x16, IND_DESTINATION_BIT, .Lnext
-
-	/* dest = addr */
-	mov	x13, x12
-
+	mov	x13, x12			/* dest = addr */
 .Lnext:
-	/* entry = *ptr++ */
-	ldr	x16, [x14], #8
-
-	/* while (!(entry & DONE)) */
-	tbz	x16, IND_DONE_BIT, .Lloop
-
+	ldr	x16, [x14], #8			/* entry = *ptr++ */
+	tbz	x16, IND_DONE_BIT, .Lloop	/* while (!(entry & DONE)) */
 .Ldone:
 	/* wait for writes from copy_page to finish */
 	dsb	nsh
@@ -105,18 +77,16 @@ ENTRY(arm64_relocate_new_kernel)
 	isb
 
 	/* Start new image. */
-	mov	x0, x18
-	mov	x1, xzr
-	mov	x2, xzr
-	mov	x3, xzr
-	br	x17
-
-ENDPROC(arm64_relocate_new_kernel)
+	ldr	x4, [x0, #KRELOC_ENTRY_ADDR]	/* x4 = kimage_start */
+	ldr	x3, [x0, #KRELOC_KERN_ARG3]
+	ldr	x2, [x0, #KRELOC_KERN_ARG2]
+	ldr	x1, [x0, #KRELOC_KERN_ARG1]
+	ldr	x0, [x0, #KRELOC_KERN_ARG0]	/* x0 = dtb address */
+	br	x4
+END(arm64_relocate_new_kernel)
 
 .ltorg
-
 .align 3	/* To keep the 64-bit values below naturally aligned. */
-
 .Lcopy_end:
 .org	KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE
 
-- 
2.23.0


_______________________________________________
linux-arm-kernel mailing list
linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 16/17] arm64, kexec: configure trans_pgd page table for kexec
  2019-08-21 18:31 [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (14 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-21 18:32 ` [PATCH v3 15/17] arm64, kexec: add expandable argument to relocation function Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-08-21 18:32 ` Pavel Tatashin
  2019-08-21 18:32 ` [PATCH v3 17/17] arm64, kexec: enable MMU during kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
  16 siblings, 0 replies; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-08-21 18:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: pasha.tatashin, jmorris, sashal, ebiederm, kexec, linux-kernel,
	corbet, catalin.marinas, will, linux-arm-kernel, marc.zyngier,
	james.morse, vladimir.murzin, matthias.bgg, bhsharma, linux-mm,
	mark.rutland

Configure a page table located in kexec-safe memory that has
the following mappings:

1. identity mapping for text of relocation function with executable
   permission.
2. identity mapping for argument for relocation function.
3. linear mappings for all source ranges
4. linear mappings for all destination ranges.

Also, configure el2_vector, that is used to jump to new kernel from EL2 on
non-VHE kernels.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h      |  32 +++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c     |   6 ++
 arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c   | 129 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 arch/arm64/kernel/relocate_kernel.S |  16 +++-
 4 files changed, 174 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h
index d5b79d4c7fae..450d8440f597 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h
@@ -90,6 +90,23 @@ static inline void crash_prepare_suspend(void) {}
 static inline void crash_post_resume(void) {}
 #endif
 
+#if defined(CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE)
+/* Global variables for the arm64_relocate_new_kernel routine. */
+extern const unsigned char arm64_relocate_new_kernel[];
+extern const unsigned long arm64_relocate_new_kernel_size;
+
+/* Body of the vector for escalating to EL2 from relocation routine */
+extern const unsigned char kexec_el1_sync[];
+extern const unsigned long kexec_el1_sync_size;
+
+#define KEXEC_EL2_VECTOR_TABLE_SIZE	2048
+#define KEXEC_EL2_SYNC_OFFSET		(KEXEC_EL2_VECTOR_TABLE_SIZE / 2)
+
+#endif
+
+#define KEXEC_SRC_START	PAGE_OFFSET
+#define KEXEC_DST_START	(PAGE_OFFSET + \
+			((UL(0xffffffffffffffff) - PAGE_OFFSET) >> 1) + 1)
 /*
  * kern_reloc_arg is passed to kernel relocation function as an argument.
  * head		kimage->head, allows to traverse through relocation segments.
@@ -97,6 +114,15 @@ static inline void crash_post_resume(void) {}
  *		kernel, or purgatory entry address).
  * kern_arg0	first argument to kernel is its dtb address. The other
  *		arguments are currently unused, and must be set to 0
+ * trans_ttbr0	idmap for relocation function and its argument
+ * trans_ttbr1	linear map for source/destination addresses.
+ * el2_vector	If present means that relocation routine will go to EL1
+ *		from EL2 to do the copy, and then back to EL2 to do the jump
+ *		to new world. This vector contains only the final jump
+ *		instruction at KEXEC_EL2_SYNC_OFFSET.
+ * src_addr	linear map for source pages.
+ * dst_addr	linear map for destination pages.
+ * copy_len	Number of bytes that need to be copied
  */
 struct kern_reloc_arg {
 	unsigned long	head;
@@ -105,6 +131,12 @@ struct kern_reloc_arg {
 	unsigned long	kern_arg1;
 	unsigned long	kern_arg2;
 	unsigned long	kern_arg3;
+	unsigned long	trans_ttbr0;
+	unsigned long	trans_ttbr1;
+	unsigned long	el2_vector;
+	unsigned long	src_addr;
+	unsigned long	dst_addr;
+	unsigned long	copy_len;
 };
 
 #define ARCH_HAS_KIMAGE_ARCH
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c
index 900394907fd8..7c2ba09a8ceb 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c
@@ -135,6 +135,12 @@ int main(void)
   DEFINE(KRELOC_KERN_ARG1,	offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, kern_arg1));
   DEFINE(KRELOC_KERN_ARG2,	offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, kern_arg2));
   DEFINE(KRELOC_KERN_ARG3,	offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, kern_arg3));
+  DEFINE(KRELOC_TRANS_TTBR0,	offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, trans_ttbr0));
+  DEFINE(KRELOC_TRANS_TTBR1,	offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, trans_ttbr1));
+  DEFINE(KRELOC_EL2_VECTOR,	offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, el2_vector));
+  DEFINE(KRELOC_SRC_ADDR,	offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, src_addr));
+  DEFINE(KRELOC_DST_ADDR,	offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, dst_addr));
+  DEFINE(KRELOC_COPY_LEN,	offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, copy_len));
 #endif
   return 0;
 }
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c
index d745ea2051df..235cf2a5f007 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c
@@ -20,13 +20,10 @@
 #include <asm/mmu.h>
 #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
 #include <asm/page.h>
+#include <asm/trans_pgd.h>
 
 #include "cpu-reset.h"
 
-/* Global variables for the arm64_relocate_new_kernel routine. */
-extern const unsigned char arm64_relocate_new_kernel[];
-extern const unsigned long arm64_relocate_new_kernel_size;
-
 /**
  * kexec_image_info - For debugging output.
  */
@@ -72,15 +69,128 @@ static void *kexec_page_alloc(void *arg)
 	return page_address(page);
 }
 
+/*
+ * Map source segments starting from KEXEC_SRC_START, and map destination
+ * segments starting from KEXEC_DST_START, and return size of copy in
+ * *copy_len argument.
+ * Relocation function essentially needs to do:
+ * memcpy(KEXEC_DST_START, KEXEC_SRC_START, copy_len);
+ */
+static int map_segments(struct kimage *kimage, pgd_t *pgdp,
+			struct trans_pgd_info *info,
+			unsigned long *copy_len)
+{
+	unsigned long *ptr = 0;
+	unsigned long dest = 0;
+	unsigned long src_va = KEXEC_SRC_START;
+	unsigned long dst_va = KEXEC_DST_START;
+	unsigned long len = 0;
+	unsigned long entry, addr;
+	int rc;
+
+	for (entry = kimage->head; !(entry & IND_DONE); entry = *ptr++) {
+		addr = entry & PAGE_MASK;
+
+		switch (entry & IND_FLAGS) {
+		case IND_DESTINATION:
+			dest = addr;
+			break;
+		case IND_INDIRECTION:
+			ptr = __va(addr);
+			if (rc)
+				return rc;
+			break;
+		case IND_SOURCE:
+			rc = trans_pgd_map_page(info, pgdp, __va(addr),
+						src_va, PAGE_KERNEL);
+			if (rc)
+				return rc;
+			rc = trans_pgd_map_page(info, pgdp, __va(dest),
+						dst_va, PAGE_KERNEL);
+			if (rc)
+				return rc;
+			dest += PAGE_SIZE;
+			src_va += PAGE_SIZE;
+			dst_va += PAGE_SIZE;
+			len += PAGE_SIZE;
+		}
+	}
+	*copy_len = len;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int mmu_relocate_setup(struct kimage *kimage, unsigned long kern_reloc,
+			      struct kern_reloc_arg *kern_reloc_arg)
+{
+	struct trans_pgd_info info = {
+		.trans_alloc_page	= kexec_page_alloc,
+		.trans_alloc_arg	= kimage,
+		.trans_flags		= 0,
+	};
+	pgd_t *trans_ttbr0, *trans_ttbr1;
+	int rc;
+
+	rc = trans_pgd_create_empty(&info, &trans_ttbr0);
+	if (rc)
+		return rc;
+
+	rc = trans_pgd_create_empty(&info, &trans_ttbr1);
+	if (rc)
+		return rc;
+
+	rc = map_segments(kimage, trans_ttbr1, &info,
+			  &kern_reloc_arg->copy_len);
+	if (rc)
+		return rc;
+
+	/* Map relocation function va == pa */
+	rc = trans_pgd_map_page(&info, trans_ttbr0,  __va(kern_reloc),
+				kern_reloc, PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC);
+	if (rc)
+		return rc;
+
+	/* Map relocation function argument va == pa */
+	rc = trans_pgd_map_page(&info, trans_ttbr0, kern_reloc_arg,
+				__pa(kern_reloc_arg), PAGE_KERNEL);
+	if (rc)
+		return rc;
+
+	kern_reloc_arg->trans_ttbr0 = phys_to_ttbr(__pa(trans_ttbr0));
+	kern_reloc_arg->trans_ttbr1 = phys_to_ttbr(__pa(trans_ttbr1));
+	kern_reloc_arg->src_addr = KEXEC_SRC_START;
+	kern_reloc_arg->dst_addr = KEXEC_DST_START;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
 int machine_kexec_post_load(struct kimage *kimage)
 {
+	unsigned long el2_vector = 0;
 	unsigned long kern_reloc;
 	struct kern_reloc_arg *kern_reloc_arg;
+	int rc = 0;
+
+	/*
+	 * Sanity check that relocation function + el2_vector fit into one
+	 * page.
+	 */
+	if (arm64_relocate_new_kernel_size > KEXEC_EL2_VECTOR_TABLE_SIZE) {
+		pr_err("can't fit relocation function and el2_vector in one page");
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
 
 	kern_reloc = page_to_phys(kimage->control_code_page);
 	memcpy(__va(kern_reloc), arm64_relocate_new_kernel,
 	       arm64_relocate_new_kernel_size);
 
+	/* Setup vector table only when EL2 is available, but no VHE */
+	if (is_hyp_mode_available() && !is_kernel_in_hyp_mode()) {
+		el2_vector = kern_reloc + KEXEC_EL2_VECTOR_TABLE_SIZE;
+		memcpy(__va(el2_vector + KEXEC_EL2_SYNC_OFFSET), kexec_el1_sync,
+		       kexec_el1_sync_size);
+	}
+
 	kern_reloc_arg = kexec_page_alloc(kimage);
 	if (!kern_reloc_arg)
 		return -ENOMEM;
@@ -91,10 +201,19 @@ int machine_kexec_post_load(struct kimage *kimage)
 
 	kern_reloc_arg->head = kimage->head;
 	kern_reloc_arg->entry_addr = kimage->start;
+	kern_reloc_arg->el2_vector = el2_vector;
 	kern_reloc_arg->kern_arg0 = kimage->arch.dtb_mem;
 
+	/*
+	 * If relocation is not needed, we do not need to enable MMU in
+	 * relocation routine, therefore do not create page tables for
+	 * scenarios such as crash kernel
+	 */
+	if (!(kimage->head & IND_DONE))
+		rc = mmu_relocate_setup(kimage, kern_reloc, kern_reloc_arg);
+
 	kexec_image_info(kimage);
-	return 0;
+	return rc;
 }
 
 /**
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/relocate_kernel.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/relocate_kernel.S
index d352faf7cbe6..14243a678277 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/relocate_kernel.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/relocate_kernel.S
@@ -83,17 +83,25 @@ ENTRY(arm64_relocate_new_kernel)
 	ldr	x1, [x0, #KRELOC_KERN_ARG1]
 	ldr	x0, [x0, #KRELOC_KERN_ARG0]	/* x0 = dtb address */
 	br	x4
+.ltorg
+.Larm64_relocate_new_kernel_end:
 END(arm64_relocate_new_kernel)
 
-.ltorg
+ENTRY(kexec_el1_sync)
+	br	x4				/* Jump to new world from el2 */
+.Lkexec_el1_sync_end:
+END(kexec_el1_sync)
+
 .align 3	/* To keep the 64-bit values below naturally aligned. */
-.Lcopy_end:
 .org	KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE
-
 /*
  * arm64_relocate_new_kernel_size - Number of bytes to copy to the
  * control_code_page.
  */
 .globl arm64_relocate_new_kernel_size
 arm64_relocate_new_kernel_size:
-	.quad	.Lcopy_end - arm64_relocate_new_kernel
+	.quad	.Larm64_relocate_new_kernel_end - arm64_relocate_new_kernel
+
+.globl kexec_el1_sync_size
+kexec_el1_sync_size:
+	.quad	.Lkexec_el1_sync_end - kexec_el1_sync
-- 
2.23.0


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 17/17] arm64, kexec: enable MMU during kexec relocation
  2019-08-21 18:31 [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
                   ` (15 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-08-21 18:32 ` [PATCH v3 16/17] arm64, kexec: configure trans_pgd page table for kexec Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-08-21 18:32 ` Pavel Tatashin
  16 siblings, 0 replies; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-08-21 18:32 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: pasha.tatashin, jmorris, sashal, ebiederm, kexec, linux-kernel,
	corbet, catalin.marinas, will, linux-arm-kernel, marc.zyngier,
	james.morse, vladimir.murzin, matthias.bgg, bhsharma, linux-mm,
	mark.rutland

Now, that we have transitional page tables configured, temporarily enable
MMU to allow faster relocation of segments to final destination.

The performance data: for a moderate size kernel + initramfs: 25M the
relocation was taking 0.382s, with enabled MMU it now takes
0.019s only or x20 improvement.

The time is proportional to the size of relocation, therefore if initramfs
is larger, 100M it could take over a second.

Also, remove reloc_arg->head, as it is not needed anymore once MMU is
enabled.

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h      |   2 -
 arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c     |   1 -
 arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c   |   1 -
 arch/arm64/kernel/relocate_kernel.S | 136 +++++++++++++++++-----------
 4 files changed, 84 insertions(+), 56 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h
index 450d8440f597..ad81ed3e5751 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kexec.h
@@ -109,7 +109,6 @@ extern const unsigned long kexec_el1_sync_size;
 			((UL(0xffffffffffffffff) - PAGE_OFFSET) >> 1) + 1)
 /*
  * kern_reloc_arg is passed to kernel relocation function as an argument.
- * head		kimage->head, allows to traverse through relocation segments.
  * entry_addr	kimage->start, where to jump from relocation function (new
  *		kernel, or purgatory entry address).
  * kern_arg0	first argument to kernel is its dtb address. The other
@@ -125,7 +124,6 @@ extern const unsigned long kexec_el1_sync_size;
  * copy_len	Number of bytes that need to be copied
  */
 struct kern_reloc_arg {
-	unsigned long	head;
 	unsigned long	entry_addr;
 	unsigned long	kern_arg0;
 	unsigned long	kern_arg1;
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c
index 7c2ba09a8ceb..13ad00b1b90f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/asm-offsets.c
@@ -129,7 +129,6 @@ int main(void)
   DEFINE(SDEI_EVENT_PRIORITY,	offsetof(struct sdei_registered_event, priority));
 #endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE
-  DEFINE(KRELOC_HEAD,		offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, head));
   DEFINE(KRELOC_ENTRY_ADDR,	offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, entry_addr));
   DEFINE(KRELOC_KERN_ARG0,	offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, kern_arg0));
   DEFINE(KRELOC_KERN_ARG1,	offsetof(struct kern_reloc_arg, kern_arg1));
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c
index 235cf2a5f007..41427c553f2b 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/machine_kexec.c
@@ -199,7 +199,6 @@ int machine_kexec_post_load(struct kimage *kimage)
 	kimage->arch.kern_reloc = kern_reloc;
 	kimage->arch.kern_reloc_arg = __pa(kern_reloc_arg);
 
-	kern_reloc_arg->head = kimage->head;
 	kern_reloc_arg->entry_addr = kimage->start;
 	kern_reloc_arg->el2_vector = el2_vector;
 	kern_reloc_arg->kern_arg0 = kimage->arch.dtb_mem;
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/relocate_kernel.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/relocate_kernel.S
index 14243a678277..96ff6760bd9c 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/relocate_kernel.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/relocate_kernel.S
@@ -4,6 +4,8 @@
  *
  * Copyright (C) Linaro.
  * Copyright (C) Huawei Futurewei Technologies.
+ * Copyright (c) 2019, Microsoft Corporation.
+ * Pavel Tatashin <patatash@linux.microsoft.com>
  */
 
 #include <linux/kexec.h>
@@ -14,6 +16,49 @@
 #include <asm/page.h>
 #include <asm/sysreg.h>
 
+/* Invalidae TLB */
+.macro tlb_invalidate
+	dsb	sy
+	dsb	ish
+	tlbi	vmalle1
+	dsb	ish
+	isb
+.endm
+
+/* Turn-off mmu at level specified by sctlr */
+.macro turn_off_mmu sctlr, tmp1, tmp2
+	mrs	\tmp1, \sctlr
+	ldr	\tmp2, =SCTLR_ELx_FLAGS
+	bic	\tmp1, \tmp1, \tmp2
+	pre_disable_mmu_workaround
+	msr	\sctlr, \tmp1
+	isb
+.endm
+
+/* Turn-on mmu at level specified by sctlr */
+.macro turn_on_mmu sctlr, tmp1, tmp2
+	mrs	\tmp1, \sctlr
+	ldr	\tmp2, =SCTLR_ELx_FLAGS
+	orr	\tmp1, \tmp1, \tmp2
+	msr	\sctlr, \tmp1
+	ic	iallu
+	dsb	nsh
+	isb
+.endm
+
+/*
+ * Set ttbr0 and ttbr1, called while MMU is disabled, so no need to temporarily
+ * set zero_page table. Invalidate TLB after new tables are set.
+ */
+.macro set_ttbr arg, tmp
+	ldr	\tmp, [\arg, #KRELOC_TRANS_TTBR0]
+	msr	ttbr0_el1, \tmp
+	ldr	\tmp, [\arg, #KRELOC_TRANS_TTBR1]
+	offset_ttbr1 \tmp
+	msr	ttbr1_el1, \tmp
+	isb
+.endm
+
 /*
  * arm64_relocate_new_kernel - Put a 2nd stage image in place and boot it.
  *
@@ -24,65 +69,52 @@
  * symbols arm64_relocate_new_kernel and arm64_relocate_new_kernel_end.  The
  * machine_kexec() routine will copy arm64_relocate_new_kernel to the kexec
  * safe memory that has been set up to be preserved during the copy operation.
+ *
+ * This function temporarily enables MMU if kernel relocation is needed.
+ * Also, if we enter this function at EL2 on non-VHE kernel, we temporarily go
+ * to EL1 to enable MMU, and escalate back to EL2 at the end to do the jump to
+ * the new kernel. This is determined by presence of el2_vector.
  */
 ENTRY(arm64_relocate_new_kernel)
-	/* Clear the sctlr_el2 flags. */
-	mrs	x2, CurrentEL
-	cmp	x2, #CurrentEL_EL2
+	mrs	x1, CurrentEL
+	cmp	x1, #CurrentEL_EL2
 	b.ne	1f
-	mrs	x2, sctlr_el2
-	ldr	x1, =SCTLR_ELx_FLAGS
-	bic	x2, x2, x1
-	pre_disable_mmu_workaround
-	msr	sctlr_el2, x2
-	isb
-1:	/* Check if the new image needs relocation. */
-	ldr	x16, [x0, #KRELOC_HEAD]		/* x16 = kimage_head */
-	tbnz	x16, IND_DONE_BIT, .Ldone
-	raw_dcache_line_size x15, x1		/* x15 = dcache line size */
-.Lloop:
-	and	x12, x16, PAGE_MASK		/* x12 = addr */
-	/* Test the entry flags. */
-.Ltest_source:
-	tbz	x16, IND_SOURCE_BIT, .Ltest_indirection
-
-	/* Invalidate dest page to PoC. */
-	mov     x2, x13
-	add     x20, x2, #PAGE_SIZE
-	sub     x1, x15, #1
-	bic     x2, x2, x1
-2:	dc      ivac, x2
-	add     x2, x2, x15
-	cmp     x2, x20
-	b.lo    2b
-	dsb     sy
-
-	copy_page x13, x12, x1, x2, x3, x4, x5, x6, x7, x8
-	b	.Lnext
-.Ltest_indirection:
-	tbz	x16, IND_INDIRECTION_BIT, .Ltest_destination
-	mov	x14, x12			/* ptr = addr */
-	b	.Lnext
-.Ltest_destination:
-	tbz	x16, IND_DESTINATION_BIT, .Lnext
-	mov	x13, x12			/* dest = addr */
-.Lnext:
-	ldr	x16, [x14], #8			/* entry = *ptr++ */
-	tbz	x16, IND_DONE_BIT, .Lloop	/* while (!(entry & DONE)) */
-.Ldone:
-	/* wait for writes from copy_page to finish */
-	dsb	nsh
-	ic	iallu
-	dsb	nsh
-	isb
-
-	/* Start new image. */
-	ldr	x4, [x0, #KRELOC_ENTRY_ADDR]	/* x4 = kimage_start */
+	turn_off_mmu sctlr_el2, x1, x2		/* Turn off MMU at EL2 */
+1:	mov	x20, xzr			/* x20 will hold vector value */
+	ldr	x11, [x0, #KRELOC_COPY_LEN]
+	cbz	x11, 5f				/* Check if need to relocate */
+	ldr	x20, [x0, #KRELOC_EL2_VECTOR]
+	cbz	x20, 2f				/* need to reduce to EL1? */
+	msr	vbar_el2, x20			/* el2_vector present, means */
+	adr	x1, 2f				/* we will do copy in el1 but */
+	msr	elr_el2, x1			/* do final jump from el2 */
+	eret					/* Reduce to EL1 */
+2:	set_ttbr x0, x1				/* Set our page tables */
+	tlb_invalidate
+	turn_on_mmu sctlr_el1, x1, x2		/* Turn MMU back on */
+	ldr	x1, [x0, #KRELOC_DST_ADDR];
+	ldr	x2, [x0, #KRELOC_SRC_ADDR];
+	mov	x12, x1				/* x12 dst backup */
+3:	copy_page x1, x2, x3, x4, x5, x6, x7, x8, x9, x10
+	sub	x11, x11, #PAGE_SIZE
+	cbnz	x11, 3b				/* page copy loop */
+	raw_dcache_line_size x2, x3		/* x2 = dcache line size */
+	sub	x3, x2, #1			/* x3 = dcache_size - 1 */
+	bic	x12, x12, x3
+4:	dc	cvau, x12			/* Flush D-cache */
+	add	x12, x12, x2
+	cmp	x12, x1				/* Compare to dst + len */
+	b.ne	4b				/* D-cache flush loop */
+	turn_off_mmu sctlr_el1, x1, x2		/* Turn off MMU */
+	tlb_invalidate				/* Invalidate TLB */
+5:	ldr	x4, [x0, #KRELOC_ENTRY_ADDR]	/* x4 = kimage_start */
 	ldr	x3, [x0, #KRELOC_KERN_ARG3]
 	ldr	x2, [x0, #KRELOC_KERN_ARG2]
 	ldr	x1, [x0, #KRELOC_KERN_ARG1]
 	ldr	x0, [x0, #KRELOC_KERN_ARG0]	/* x0 = dtb address */
-	br	x4
+	cbnz	x20, 6f				/* need to escalate to el2? */
+	br	x4				/* Jump to new world */
+6:	hvc	#0				/* enters kexec_el1_sync */
 .ltorg
 .Larm64_relocate_new_kernel_end:
 END(arm64_relocate_new_kernel)
-- 
2.23.0


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 01/17] kexec: quiet down kexec reboot
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 01/17] kexec: quiet down kexec reboot Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
  2019-09-06 15:35     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-09-06 15:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Pavel Tatashin
  Cc: sashal, mark.rutland, vladimir.murzin, corbet, marc.zyngier,
	catalin.marinas, bhsharma, kexec, linux-kernel, jmorris,
	linux-mm, ebiederm, matthias.bgg, will, linux-arm-kernel

Hi Pavel,

On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> Here is a regular kexec command sequence and output:
> =====
> $ kexec --reuse-cmdline -i --load Image
> $ kexec -e
> [  161.342002] kexec_core: Starting new kernel
> 
> Welcome to Buildroot
> buildroot login:
> =====
> 
> Even when "quiet" kernel parameter is specified, "kexec_core: Starting
> new kernel" is printed.
> 
> This message has  KERN_EMERG level, but there is no emergency, it is a
> normal kexec operation, so quiet it down to appropriate KERN_NOTICE.

As this doesn't have a dependency with the rest of the series, you may want to post it
independently so it can be picked up independently.


Thanks,

James

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 02/17] arm64, hibernate: use get_safe_page directly
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 02/17] arm64, hibernate: use get_safe_page directly Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
  2019-09-06 15:39     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-09-06 15:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Pavel Tatashin
  Cc: sashal, mark.rutland, vladimir.murzin, corbet, marc.zyngier,
	catalin.marinas, bhsharma, kexec, linux-kernel, jmorris,
	linux-mm, ebiederm, matthias.bgg, will, linux-arm-kernel

Hi Pavel,

Nit: The pattern for the subject prefix should be "arm64: hibernate:"..
Its usually possible to spot the pattern from "git log --oneline $file".

On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> create_safe_exec_page is a local function that uses the
> get_safe_page() to allocate page table and pages and one pages
> that is getting mapped.

I can't parse this.

create_safe_exec_page() uses hibernate's allocator to create a set of page table to map a
single page that will contain the relocation code.


> Remove the allocator related arguments, and use get_safe_page
> directly, as it is done in other local functions in this
> file.
... because kexec can't use this as it doesn't have a working allocator.
Removing this function pointer makes it easier to refactor the code later.

(this thing is only a function pointer so kexec could use it too ... It looks like you're
creating extra work. Patch 7 moves these new calls out to a new file... presumably so
another patch can remove them again)

As stand-alone cleanup the patch looks fine, but you probably don't need to do this.


Thanks,

James

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 03/17] arm64, hibernate: remove gotos in create_safe_exec_page
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 03/17] arm64, hibernate: remove gotos in create_safe_exec_page Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
  2019-09-06 15:41     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-09-06 15:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Pavel Tatashin
  Cc: sashal, mark.rutland, vladimir.murzin, corbet, marc.zyngier,
	catalin.marinas, bhsharma, kexec, linux-kernel, jmorris,
	linux-mm, ebiederm, matthias.bgg, will, linux-arm-kernel

Hi Pavel,

On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> Usually, gotos are used to handle cleanup after exception, but
> in case of create_safe_exec_page there are no clean-ups. So,
> simply return the errors directly.

Reviewed-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>


Thanks,

James

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 04/17] arm64, hibernate: rename dst to page in create_safe_exec_page
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 04/17] arm64, hibernate: rename dst to page " Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
  2019-09-06 15:41     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-09-06 15:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Pavel Tatashin
  Cc: sashal, mark.rutland, vladimir.murzin, corbet, marc.zyngier,
	catalin.marinas, bhsharma, kexec, linux-kernel, jmorris,
	linux-mm, ebiederm, matthias.bgg, will, linux-arm-kernel

Hi Pavel,

On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> create_safe_exec_page() allocates a safe page and maps it at a
> specific location, also this function returns the physical address
> of newly allocated page.
> 
> The destination VA, and PA are specified in arguments: dst_addr,
> phys_dst_addr
> 
> However, within the function it uses "dst" which has unsigned long
> type, but is actually a pointers in the current virtual space. This
> is confusing to read.

The type? There are plenty of places in the kernel that an unsigned-long is actually a
pointer. This isn't unusual.


> Rename dst to more appropriate page (page that is created), and also
> change its time to "void *"

If you think its clearer,
Reviewed-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>


Thanks,

James

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 05/17] arm64, hibernate: check pgd table allocation
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 05/17] arm64, hibernate: check pgd table allocation Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
  2019-09-06 15:44     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-09-06 15:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Pavel Tatashin
  Cc: sashal, mark.rutland, vladimir.murzin, corbet, marc.zyngier,
	catalin.marinas, bhsharma, kexec, linux-kernel, jmorris,
	linux-mm, ebiederm, matthias.bgg, will, linux-arm-kernel

Hi Pavel,

On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> There is a bug in create_safe_exec_page(), when page table is allocated
> it is not checked that table is allocated successfully:
> 
> But it is dereferenced in: pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*pgdp)).

If there is a bug, it shouldn't be fixed part way through a series. This makes it
difficult to backport the fix.

Please split this out as an independent patch with a 'Fixes:' tag for the commit that
introduced the bug.


> Another issue,

So this patch does two things? That is rarely a good idea. Again, this makes it difficult
to backport the fix.


> is that phys_to_ttbr() uses an offset in page table instead
> of pgd directly.

If you were going to reuse this, that would be a bug. But because the only page that is
being mapped, is mapped to PAGE_SIZE, all the top bits will be 0. The offset calls are
boiler-plate. It doesn't look intentional, but its harmless.


Please separate out the potential NULL-dereference bits so there is a clean stand-alone
fix that can be sent to the stable trees.


Thanks,

James

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 06/17] arm64, hibernate: add trans_pgd public functions
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 06/17] arm64, hibernate: add trans_pgd public functions Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-09-06 15:18   ` James Morse
  2019-09-06 16:00     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-09-06 15:18 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Pavel Tatashin
  Cc: sashal, mark.rutland, vladimir.murzin, corbet, marc.zyngier,
	catalin.marinas, bhsharma, kexec, linux-kernel, jmorris,
	linux-mm, ebiederm, matthias.bgg, will, linux-arm-kernel

Hi Pavel,

On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> trans_pgd_create_copy() and trans_pgd_map_page() are going to be
> the basis for public interface of new subsystem that handles page

Please don't call this a subsystem. 'sound' and 'mm' are subsystems, this is just some
shared code.

> tables for cases which are between kernels: kexec, and hibernate.

Even though you've baked the get_safe_page() calls into trans_pgd_map_page()?


> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
> index 750ecc7f2cbe..2e29d620b56c 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
> @@ -182,39 +182,15 @@ int arch_hibernation_header_restore(void *addr)

> +int trans_pgd_map_page(pgd_t *trans_pgd, void *page,
> +		       unsigned long dst_addr,
> +		       pgprot_t pgprot)

If this thing is going to be exposed, its name should reflect that its creating a set of
page tables, to map a single page.

A function called 'map_page' with this prototype should 'obviously' map @page at @dst_addr
in @trans_pgd using the provided @pgprot... but it doesn't.

This is what 'create' was doing in the old name, if that wasn't obvious, its because
naming things is hard!
| trans_create_single_page_mapping()?

(might be too verbose)

I think this bites you in patch 8, where you 'generalise' this.


>  {
> -	void *page = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
> -	pgd_t *trans_pgd;
>  	pgd_t *pgdp;
>  	pud_t *pudp;
>  	pmd_t *pmdp;
>  	pte_t *ptep;
>  
> -	if (!page)
> -		return -ENOMEM;
> -
> -	memcpy(page, src_start, length);
> -	__flush_icache_range((unsigned long)page, (unsigned long)page + length);
> -
> -	trans_pgd = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
> -	if (!trans_pgd)
> -		return -ENOMEM;
> -
>  	pgdp = pgd_offset_raw(trans_pgd, dst_addr);
>  	if (pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*pgdp))) {
>  		pudp = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
> @@ -242,6 +218,44 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
>  	ptep = pte_offset_kernel(pmdp, dst_addr);
>  	set_pte(ptep, pfn_pte(virt_to_pfn(page), PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC));
>  
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Copies length bytes, starting at src_start into an new page,
> + * perform cache maintentance, then maps it at the specified address low

Could you fix the spelling of maintenance as git thinks you've moved it?


> + * address as executable.
> + *
> + * This is used by hibernate to copy the code it needs to execute when
> + * overwriting the kernel text. This function generates a new set of page
> + * tables, which it loads into ttbr0.
> + *
> + * Length is provided as we probably only want 4K of data, even on a 64K
> + * page system.
> + */
> +static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
> +				 unsigned long dst_addr,
> +				 phys_addr_t *phys_dst_addr)
> +{


Thanks,

James

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 07/17] arm64, hibernate: move page handling function to new trans_pgd.c
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 07/17] arm64, hibernate: move page handling function to new trans_pgd.c Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-09-06 15:18   ` James Morse
  2019-09-06 17:41     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-09-06 15:18 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Pavel Tatashin
  Cc: sashal, mark.rutland, vladimir.murzin, corbet, marc.zyngier,
	catalin.marinas, bhsharma, kexec, linux-kernel, jmorris,
	linux-mm, ebiederm, matthias.bgg, will, linux-arm-kernel

Hi Pavel,

On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> Now, that we abstracted the required functions move them to a new home.
> Later, we will generalize these function in order to be useful outside
> of hibernation.

> diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..00b62d8640c2
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,211 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +
> +/*
> + * Copyright (c) 2019, Microsoft Corporation.
> + * Pavel Tatashin <patatash@linux.microsoft.com>

Hmmm, while line-count isn't a useful metric: this file contains 41% of the code that was
in hibernate.c, but has stripped the substantial copyright-pedigree that the hibernate
code had built up over the years.
(counting lines identified by 'cloc' as code, not comments or blank)

If you are copying or moving a non trivial quantity of code, you need to preserve the
copyright. Something like 'Derived from the arm64 hibernate support which has:'....


> + */
> +
> +/*
> + * Transitional tables are used during system transferring from one world to
> + * another: such as during hibernate restore, and kexec reboots. During these
> + * phases one cannot rely on page table not being overwritten.

I think you need to mention that hibernate and kexec are rewriting memory, and may
overwrite the live page tables, therefore ...


> + *
> + */
> +
> +#include <asm/trans_pgd.h>
> +#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
> +#include <asm/pgtable.h>
> +#include <linux/suspend.h>

#include <linux/bug.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/mmzone.h>


> +static void _copy_pte(pte_t *dst_ptep, pte_t *src_ptep, unsigned long addr)
> +{
> +	pte_t pte = READ_ONCE(*src_ptep);
> +

> +	if (pte_valid(pte)) {

> +		/*
> +		 * Resume will overwrite areas that may be marked
> +		 * read only (code, rodata). Clear the RDONLY bit from
> +		 * the temporary mappings we use during restore.
> +		 */
> +		set_pte(dst_ptep, pte_mkwrite(pte));

> +	} else if (debug_pagealloc_enabled() && !pte_none(pte)) {

> +		/*
> +		 * debug_pagealloc will removed the PTE_VALID bit if
> +		 * the page isn't in use by the resume kernel. It may have
> +		 * been in use by the original kernel, in which case we need
> +		 * to put it back in our copy to do the restore.
> +		 *
> +		 * Before marking this entry valid, check the pfn should
> +		 * be mapped.
> +		 */

> +		BUG_ON(!pfn_valid(pte_pfn(pte)));


Thanks,

James

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 08/17] arm64, trans_pgd: make trans_pgd_map_page generic
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 08/17] arm64, trans_pgd: make trans_pgd_map_page generic Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-09-06 15:20   ` James Morse
  2019-09-06 18:58     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-09-06 15:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Pavel Tatashin
  Cc: sashal, mark.rutland, vladimir.murzin, corbet, marc.zyngier,
	catalin.marinas, bhsharma, kexec, linux-kernel, jmorris,
	linux-mm, ebiederm, matthias.bgg, will, linux-arm-kernel

Hi Pavel,

On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> Currently, trans_pgd_map_page has assumptions that are relevant to
> hibernate. But, to make it generic we must allow it to use any allocator

Sounds familiar: you removed this in patch 2.


> and also, can't assume that entries do not exist in the page table
> already.

This thing creates a set of page tables to map one page: the relocation code.
This is mapped in TTBR0_EL1.
It can assume existing entries do not exist, because it creates the single-entry levels as
it goes. Kexec also needs to map precisely one page for relocation. You don't need to
generalise this.

'trans_pgd_create_copy()' is what creates a copy the linear map. This is mapped in TTBR1_EL1.

There is no reason for kexec to behave differently here.


> Also, we can't use init_mm here.

Why not? arm64's pgd_populate() doesn't use the mm. It's only there to make it obvious
this is an EL1 mapping we are creating. We use the kernel-asid with the new mapping.

The __ version is a lot less readable. Please don't use the page tables as an array: this
is what the offset helpers are for.


> Also, add "flags" for trans_pgd_info, they are going to be used
> in copy functions once they are generalized.

You don't need to 'generalize' this to support hypothetical users.
There are only two: hibernate and kexec, both of which are very specialised. Making these
things top-level marionette strings will tangle the logic.

The copy_p?d() functions should decide if they should manipulate _this_ entry based on
_this_ entry and the kernel configuration. This is only really done in _copy_pte(), which
is where it should stay.


> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
> index c7b5402b7d87..e3d022b1b526 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
> @@ -11,10 +11,45 @@
>  #include <linux/bits.h>
>  #include <asm/pgtable-types.h>
>  
> +/*
> + * trans_alloc_page
> + *	- Allocator that should return exactly one uninitilaized page, if this
> + *	 allocator fails, trans_pgd returns -ENOMEM error.
> + *
> + * trans_alloc_arg
> + *	- Passed to trans_alloc_page as an argument

This is very familiar.


> + * trans_flags
> + *	- bitmap with flags that control how page table is filled.
> + *	  TRANS_MKWRITE: during page table copy make PTE, PME, and PUD page
> + *			 writeable by removing RDONLY flag from PTE.

Why would you ever keep the read-only flags in a set of page tables that exist to let you
overwrite memory?


> + *	  TRANS_MKVALID: during page table copy, if PTE present, but not valid,
> + *			 make it valid.

Please keep this logic together with the !pte_none(pte) and debug_pagealloc_enabled()
check, where it is today.

Making an entry valid without those checks should never be necessary.


> + *	  TRANS_CHECKPFN: During page table copy, for every PTE entry check that
> + *			  PFN that this PTE points to is valid. Otherwise return
> + *			  -ENXIO

Hibernate does this when inventing a new mapping. This is how we check the kernel
should be able to read/write this page. If !pfn_valid(), the page should not be mapped.

Why do you need to turn this off?

It us only necessary at the leaf level, and only if debug-pagealloc is in use. Please keep
all these bits together, as its much harder to understand why this entry needs inventing
when its split up like this.



> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
> index 6ee81bbaa37f..17426dc8cb54 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
> @@ -179,6 +179,12 @@ int arch_hibernation_header_restore(void *addr)
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(arch_hibernation_header_restore);
>  
> +static void *
> +hibernate_page_alloc(void *arg)
> +{
> +	return (void *)get_safe_page((gfp_t)(unsigned long)arg);
> +}
> +
>  /*
>   * Copies length bytes, starting at src_start into an new page,
>   * perform cache maintentance, then maps it at the specified address low
> @@ -195,6 +201,11 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
>  				 unsigned long dst_addr,
>  				 phys_addr_t *phys_dst_addr)
>  {
> +	struct trans_pgd_info trans_info = {
> +		.trans_alloc_page	= hibernate_page_alloc,
> +		.trans_alloc_arg	= (void *)GFP_ATOMIC,
> +		.trans_flags		= 0,
> +	};
>  	void *page = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
>  	pgd_t *trans_pgd;
>  	int rc;
> @@ -209,7 +220,7 @@ static int create_safe_exec_page(void *src_start, size_t length,
>  	if (!trans_pgd)
>  		return -ENOMEM;
>  
> -	rc = trans_pgd_map_page(trans_pgd, page, dst_addr,
> +	rc = trans_pgd_map_page(&trans_info, trans_pgd, page, dst_addr,
>  				PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC);
>  	if (rc)
>  		return rc;
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
> index 00b62d8640c2..dbabccd78cc4 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
> @@ -17,6 +17,16 @@
>  #include <asm/pgtable.h>
>  #include <linux/suspend.h>
>  
> +static void *trans_alloc(struct trans_pgd_info *info)
> +{
> +	void *page = info->trans_alloc_page(info->trans_alloc_arg);
> +
> +	if (page)
> +		clear_page(page);

The hibernate allocator already does this. As your reason for doing this is to make this
faster, it seems odd we do this twice.

If zeroed pages are necessary, the allocator should do it. (It already needs to be a
use-case specific allocator)


> +
> +	return page;
> +}
> +
>  static void _copy_pte(pte_t *dst_ptep, pte_t *src_ptep, unsigned long addr)
>  {
>  	pte_t pte = READ_ONCE(*src_ptep);
> @@ -172,40 +182,64 @@ int trans_pgd_create_copy(pgd_t **dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
>  	return rc;
>  }
>  
> -int trans_pgd_map_page(pgd_t *trans_pgd, void *page, unsigned long dst_addr,
> -		       pgprot_t pgprot)
> +int trans_pgd_map_page(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pgd_t *trans_pgd,
> +		       void *page, unsigned long dst_addr, pgprot_t pgprot)
>  {
> -	pgd_t *pgdp;
> -	pud_t *pudp;
> -	pmd_t *pmdp;
> -	pte_t *ptep;
> -
> -	pgdp = pgd_offset_raw(trans_pgd, dst_addr);
> -	if (pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*pgdp))) {
> -		pudp = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
> -		if (!pudp)
> +	int pgd_idx = pgd_index(dst_addr);
> +	int pud_idx = pud_index(dst_addr);
> +	int pmd_idx = pmd_index(dst_addr);
> +	int pte_idx = pte_index(dst_addr);

Yuck.



> +	pgd_t *pgdp = trans_pgd;
> +	pgd_t pgd = READ_ONCE(pgdp[pgd_idx]);
> +	pud_t *pudp, pud;
> +	pmd_t *pmdp, pmd;
> +	pte_t *ptep, pte;
> +
> +	if (pgd_none(pgd)) {
> +		pud_t *t = trans_alloc(info);
> +
> +		if (!t)
>  			return -ENOMEM;

> -		pgd_populate(&init_mm, pgdp, pudp);
> +
> +		__pgd_populate(&pgdp[pgd_idx], __pa(t), PUD_TYPE_TABLE);
> +		pgd = READ_ONCE(pgdp[pgd_idx]);


Please keep the pgd_populate() call. If there is some reason we can't pass init_mm, we can
pass NULL, or a fake mm pointer instead.

Going behind the page table helpers back to play with the table directly is a maintenance
headache.


>  	}
>  


> -	pudp = pud_offset(pgdp, dst_addr);
> -	if (pud_none(READ_ONCE(*pudp))) {
> -		pmdp = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
> -		if (!pmdp)
> +	pudp = __va(pgd_page_paddr(pgd));
> +	pud = READ_ONCE(pudp[pud_idx]);
> +	if (pud_sect(pud)) {
> +		return -ENXIO;
> +	} else if (pud_none(pud) || pud_sect(pud)) {
> +		pmd_t *t = trans_alloc(info);
> +
> +		if (!t)
>  			return -ENOMEM;

Choke on block mappings? This should never happen because this function should only create
the tables necessary to map one page. Not a block mapping in sight.

(see my comments on patch 6)


Thanks,

James

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 09/17] arm64, trans_pgd: add trans_pgd_create_empty
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 09/17] arm64, trans_pgd: add trans_pgd_create_empty Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-09-06 15:20   ` James Morse
  2019-09-06 19:00     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-09-06 15:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Pavel Tatashin
  Cc: sashal, mark.rutland, vladimir.murzin, corbet, marc.zyngier,
	catalin.marinas, bhsharma, kexec, linux-kernel, jmorris,
	linux-mm, ebiederm, matthias.bgg, will, linux-arm-kernel

Hi Pavel,

On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> This functions returns a zeroed trans_pgd using the allocator that is
> specified in the info argument.
> 
> trans_pgds should be created by using this function.

This function takes the allocator you give it, and calls it once.

Given both users need one pgd, and have to provide the allocator, it seems strange that
they aren't trusted to call it.

I don't think this patch is necessary.

Let the caller pass in the pgd_t to the helpers.


Thanks,

James

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 10/17] arm64, trans_pgd: adjust trans_pgd_create_copy interface
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 10/17] arm64, trans_pgd: adjust trans_pgd_create_copy interface Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-09-06 15:20   ` James Morse
  2019-09-06 19:03     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-09-06 15:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Pavel Tatashin
  Cc: sashal, mark.rutland, vladimir.murzin, corbet, marc.zyngier,
	catalin.marinas, bhsharma, kexec, linux-kernel, jmorris,
	linux-mm, ebiederm, matthias.bgg, will, linux-arm-kernel

Hi Pavel,

On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> Make trans_pgd_create_copy inline with the other functions in
> trans_pgd: use the trans_pgd_info argument, and also use the
> trans_pgd_create_empty.
> 
> Note, that the functions that are called by trans_pgd_create_copy are
> not yet adjusted to be compliant with trans_pgd: they do not yet use
> the provided allocator, do not check for generic errors, and do not yet
> use the flags in info argument.


> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
> index 26e5a63676b5..f4a5f255d4a7 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
> @@ -43,7 +43,12 @@ struct trans_pgd_info {
>  /* Create and empty trans_pgd page table */
>  int trans_pgd_create_empty(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pgd_t **trans_pgd);
>  
> -int trans_pgd_create_copy(pgd_t **dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
> +/*
> + * Create trans_pgd and copy entries from from_table to trans_pgd in range
> + * [start, end)
> + */
> +int trans_pgd_create_copy(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pgd_t **trans_pgd,
> +			  pgd_t *from_table, unsigned long start,
>  			  unsigned long end);

This creates a copy of the linear-map. Why does it need to be told from_table?


> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
> index 8c2641a9bb09..8bb602e91065 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
> @@ -323,15 +323,42 @@ int swsusp_arch_resume(void)
>  	phys_addr_t phys_hibernate_exit;
>  	void __noreturn (*hibernate_exit)(phys_addr_t, phys_addr_t, void *,
>  					  void *, phys_addr_t, phys_addr_t);
> +	struct trans_pgd_info trans_info = {
> +		.trans_alloc_page	= hibernate_page_alloc,
> +		.trans_alloc_arg	= (void *)GFP_ATOMIC,
> +		/*
> +		 * Resume will overwrite areas that may be marked read only
> +		 * (code, rodata). Clear the RDONLY bit from the temporary
> +		 * mappings we use during restore.
> +		 */
> +		.trans_flags		= TRANS_MKWRITE,
> +	};


> +	/*
> +	 * debug_pagealloc will removed the PTE_VALID bit if the page isn't in
> +	 * use by the resume kernel. It may have been in use by the original
> +	 * kernel, in which case we need to put it back in our copy to do the
> +	 * restore.
> +	 *
> +	 * Before marking this entry valid, check the pfn should be mapped.
> +	 */
> +	if (debug_pagealloc_enabled())
> +		trans_info.trans_flags |= (TRANS_MKVALID | TRANS_CHECKPFN);

The debug_pagealloc_enabled() check should be with the code that generates a different
entry. Whether the different entry is correct needs to be considered with
debug_pagealloc_enabled() in mind. You are making this tricky logic less clear.

There is no way the existing code invents an entry for a !pfn_valid() page. With your
'checkpfn' flag, this thing can. You don't need to generalise this for hypothetical users.


If kexec needs to create mappings for bogus pages, I'd like to know why.


>  	/*
>  	 * Restoring the memory image will overwrite the ttbr1 page tables.
>  	 * Create a second copy of just the linear map, and use this when
>  	 * restoring.
>  	 */
> -	rc = trans_pgd_create_copy(&tmp_pg_dir, PAGE_OFFSET, 0);
> -	if (rc)
> +	rc = trans_pgd_create_copy(&trans_info, &tmp_pg_dir, init_mm.pgd,
> +				   PAGE_OFFSET, 0);

> +	if (rc) {
> +		if (rc == -ENOMEM)
> +			pr_err("Failed to allocate memory for temporary page tables.\n");
> +		else if (rc == -ENXIO)
> +			pr_err("Tried to set PTE for PFN that does not exist\n");
>  		goto out;
> +	}

If you think the distinction for this error message is useful, it would be clearer to
change it in the current hibernate code before you move it. (_copy_pte() to return an
error, instead of silently failing). Done here, this is unrelated noise.

I doubt this is specific to kexec.


Thanks,

James

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 11/17] arm64, trans_pgd: add PUD_SECT_RDONLY
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 11/17] arm64, trans_pgd: add PUD_SECT_RDONLY Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-09-06 15:21   ` James Morse
  2019-09-06 19:04     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-09-06 15:21 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Pavel Tatashin
  Cc: sashal, mark.rutland, vladimir.murzin, corbet, marc.zyngier,
	catalin.marinas, bhsharma, kexec, linux-kernel, jmorris,
	linux-mm, ebiederm, matthias.bgg, will, linux-arm-kernel

Hi Pavel,

On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> Thre is PMD_SECT_RDONLY that is used in pud_* function which is confusing.

Nit: There

I bet it was equally confusing before before you moved it! Could you do this earlier in
the series with the rest of the cleanup?

With that,
Acked-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>


Thanks,

James

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 12/17] arm64, trans_pgd: complete generalization of trans_pgds
  2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 12/17] arm64, trans_pgd: complete generalization of trans_pgds Pavel Tatashin
@ 2019-09-06 15:23   ` James Morse
  2019-09-06 19:06     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 42+ messages in thread
From: James Morse @ 2019-09-06 15:23 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Pavel Tatashin
  Cc: sashal, mark.rutland, vladimir.murzin, corbet, marc.zyngier,
	catalin.marinas, bhsharma, kexec, linux-kernel, jmorris,
	linux-mm, ebiederm, matthias.bgg, will, linux-arm-kernel

Hi Pavel,

On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> Make the last private functions in page table copy path generlized for use
> outside of hibernate.
> 
> Switch to use the provided allocator, flags, and source page table. Also,
> unify all copy function implementations to reduce the possibility of bugs.

By changing it? No one has reported any problems. We're more likely to break it making
unnecessary changes.

Why is this necessary?


> All page table levels are implemented symmetrically.


> diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
> index efd42509d069..ccd9900f8edb 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
> @@ -27,139 +27,157 @@ static void *trans_alloc(struct trans_pgd_info *info)

> -static void _copy_pte(pte_t *dst_ptep, pte_t *src_ptep, unsigned long addr)
> +static int copy_pte(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pte_t *dst_ptep,
> +		    pte_t *src_ptep, unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
>  {
> -	pte_t pte = READ_ONCE(*src_ptep);
> -
> -	if (pte_valid(pte)) {
> -		/*
> -		 * Resume will overwrite areas that may be marked
> -		 * read only (code, rodata). Clear the RDONLY bit from
> -		 * the temporary mappings we use during restore.
> -		 */
> -		set_pte(dst_ptep, pte_mkwrite(pte));
> -	} else if (debug_pagealloc_enabled() && !pte_none(pte)) {
> -		/*
> -		 * debug_pagealloc will removed the PTE_VALID bit if
> -		 * the page isn't in use by the resume kernel. It may have
> -		 * been in use by the original kernel, in which case we need
> -		 * to put it back in our copy to do the restore.
> -		 *
> -		 * Before marking this entry valid, check the pfn should
> -		 * be mapped.
> -		 */
> -		BUG_ON(!pfn_valid(pte_pfn(pte)));
> -
> -		set_pte(dst_ptep, pte_mkpresent(pte_mkwrite(pte)));
> -	}
> -}

> -static int copy_pte(pmd_t *dst_pmdp, pmd_t *src_pmdp, unsigned long start,
> -		    unsigned long end)
> -{
> -	pte_t *src_ptep;
> -	pte_t *dst_ptep;
>  	unsigned long addr = start;
> +	int i = pte_index(addr);
>  
> -	dst_ptep = (pte_t *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
> -	if (!dst_ptep)
> -		return -ENOMEM;
> -	pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, dst_pmdp, dst_ptep);
> -	dst_ptep = pte_offset_kernel(dst_pmdp, start);
> -
> -	src_ptep = pte_offset_kernel(src_pmdp, start);
>  	do {
> -		_copy_pte(dst_ptep, src_ptep, addr);
> -	} while (dst_ptep++, src_ptep++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
> +		pte_t src_pte = READ_ONCE(src_ptep[i]);
> +
> +		if (pte_none(src_pte))
> +			continue;

> +		if (info->trans_flags & TRANS_MKWRITE)
> +			src_pte = pte_mkwrite(src_pte);

This should be unconditional. The purpose of this thing is to create a set of page tables
you can use to overwrite all of memory. Why would you want to keep the RDONLY flag for
normal memory?


> +		if (info->trans_flags & TRANS_MKVALID)
> +			src_pte = pte_mkpresent(src_pte);
> +		if (info->trans_flags & TRANS_CHECKPFN) {
> +			if (!pfn_valid(pte_pfn(src_pte)))
> +				return -ENXIO;
> +		}

This lets you skip the pfn_valid() check if you want to create bogus mappings. This should
not be conditional.
This removes the BUG_ON(), which is there to make sure we stop if we find page-table
corruption.

Please keep the shape of _copy_pte() as it is. Putting a different mapping in the copied
tables is risky, the code that does it should all be in one place, along with the
justification of why its doing this. Anything else is harder to debug when it goes wrong.


> +		set_pte(&dst_ptep[i], src_pte);
> +	} while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++, addr != end && i < PTRS_PER_PTE);

Incrementing pte/pud/pmg/pgd pointers is a common pattern in the kernel's page table
walkers. Why do we need to change this to index it like an array?

This needs to look like walk_page_range() as the eventual aim is to remove it, and use the
core-code page table walker.

(at the time it was merged the core-code page table walker removed block mappings it
didn't like, which didn't go well.)

This is a backwards step as it makes any attempt to remove this arch-specific walker harder.


>  
>  	return 0;
>  }



Thanks,

James

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 01/17] kexec: quiet down kexec reboot
  2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
@ 2019-09-06 15:35     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-09-06 15:35 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: James Morse
  Cc: Sasha Levin, Mark Rutland, Vladimir Murzin, Jonathan Corbet,
	Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Bhupesh Sharma,
	kexec mailing list, LKML, James Morris, linux-mm,
	Eric W. Biederman, Matthias Brugger, will, Linux ARM

On Fri, Sep 6, 2019 at 11:17 AM James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Pavel,
>
> On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> > Here is a regular kexec command sequence and output:
> > =====
> > $ kexec --reuse-cmdline -i --load Image
> > $ kexec -e
> > [  161.342002] kexec_core: Starting new kernel
> >
> > Welcome to Buildroot
> > buildroot login:
> > =====
> >
> > Even when "quiet" kernel parameter is specified, "kexec_core: Starting
> > new kernel" is printed.
> >
> > This message has  KERN_EMERG level, but there is no emergency, it is a
> > normal kexec operation, so quiet it down to appropriate KERN_NOTICE.
>
> As this doesn't have a dependency with the rest of the series, you may want to post it
> independently so it can be picked up independently.

Hi James,

I have posted it previously, but it has not been picked up. So, I
decided to include it together with this series. Is this alright with
you, otherwise I can remove it from this series.

Thank you,
Pasha

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 02/17] arm64, hibernate: use get_safe_page directly
  2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
@ 2019-09-06 15:39     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-09-06 15:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: James Morse
  Cc: Sasha Levin, Mark Rutland, Vladimir Murzin, Jonathan Corbet,
	Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Bhupesh Sharma,
	kexec mailing list, LKML, James Morris, linux-mm,
	Eric W. Biederman, Matthias Brugger, will, Linux ARM

On Fri, Sep 6, 2019 at 11:17 AM James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Pavel,
>
> Nit: The pattern for the subject prefix should be "arm64: hibernate:"..
> Its usually possible to spot the pattern from "git log --oneline $file".

Sure, I will change here and in other places to "arm64: hibernate:"

>
> On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> > create_safe_exec_page is a local function that uses the
> > get_safe_page() to allocate page table and pages and one pages
> > that is getting mapped.
>
> I can't parse this.
>
> create_safe_exec_page() uses hibernate's allocator to create a set of page table to map a
> single page that will contain the relocation code.

Thanks I will rephrase it with your suggestion.

>
>
> > Remove the allocator related arguments, and use get_safe_page
> > directly, as it is done in other local functions in this
> > file.
> ... because kexec can't use this as it doesn't have a working allocator.
> Removing this function pointer makes it easier to refactor the code later.

Thanks, I will add it to the description.

>
> (this thing is only a function pointer so kexec could use it too ... It looks like you're
> creating extra work. Patch 7 moves these new calls out to a new file... presumably so
> another patch can remove them again)
>
> As stand-alone cleanup the patch looks fine, but you probably don't need to do this.

Without this clean-up moving to common code becomes messier. So, I
would like to keep this change.

Thank you,
Pasha

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 04/17] arm64, hibernate: rename dst to page in create_safe_exec_page
  2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
@ 2019-09-06 15:41     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-09-06 15:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: James Morse
  Cc: Sasha Levin, Mark Rutland, Vladimir Murzin, Jonathan Corbet,
	Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Bhupesh Sharma,
	kexec mailing list, LKML, James Morris, linux-mm,
	Eric W. Biederman, Matthias Brugger, will, Linux ARM

On Fri, Sep 6, 2019 at 11:17 AM James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Pavel,
>
> On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> > create_safe_exec_page() allocates a safe page and maps it at a
> > specific location, also this function returns the physical address
> > of newly allocated page.
> >
> > The destination VA, and PA are specified in arguments: dst_addr,
> > phys_dst_addr
> >
> > However, within the function it uses "dst" which has unsigned long
> > type, but is actually a pointers in the current virtual space. This
> > is confusing to read.
>
> The type? There are plenty of places in the kernel that an unsigned-long is actually a
> pointer. This isn't unusual.
>
>
> > Rename dst to more appropriate page (page that is created), and also
> > change its time to "void *"
>
> If you think its clearer,
> Reviewed-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>

Thank you for your review.

Pasha

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 03/17] arm64, hibernate: remove gotos in create_safe_exec_page
  2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
@ 2019-09-06 15:41     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-09-06 15:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: James Morse
  Cc: Sasha Levin, Mark Rutland, Vladimir Murzin, Jonathan Corbet,
	Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Bhupesh Sharma,
	kexec mailing list, LKML, James Morris, linux-mm,
	Eric W. Biederman, Matthias Brugger, will, Linux ARM

On Fri, Sep 6, 2019 at 11:17 AM James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Pavel,
>
> On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> > Usually, gotos are used to handle cleanup after exception, but
> > in case of create_safe_exec_page there are no clean-ups. So,
> > simply return the errors directly.
>
> Reviewed-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>

Thank you.

Pasha

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 05/17] arm64, hibernate: check pgd table allocation
  2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
@ 2019-09-06 15:44     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-09-06 15:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: James Morse
  Cc: Sasha Levin, Mark Rutland, Vladimir Murzin, Jonathan Corbet,
	Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Bhupesh Sharma,
	kexec mailing list, LKML, James Morris, linux-mm,
	Eric W. Biederman, Matthias Brugger, will, Linux ARM

On Fri, Sep 6, 2019 at 11:17 AM James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Pavel,
>
> On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> > There is a bug in create_safe_exec_page(), when page table is allocated
> > it is not checked that table is allocated successfully:
> >
> > But it is dereferenced in: pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*pgdp)).
>
> If there is a bug, it shouldn't be fixed part way through a series. This makes it
> difficult to backport the fix.
>
> Please split this out as an independent patch with a 'Fixes:' tag for the commit that
> introduced the bug.
>
>
> > Another issue,
>
> So this patch does two things? That is rarely a good idea. Again, this makes it difficult
> to backport the fix.
>
>
> > is that phys_to_ttbr() uses an offset in page table instead
> > of pgd directly.
>
> If you were going to reuse this, that would be a bug. But because the only page that is
> being mapped, is mapped to PAGE_SIZE, all the top bits will be 0. The offset calls are
> boiler-plate. It doesn't look intentional, but its harmless.

Yes, it is harmless otherwise the code would not work. But it is
confusing to read, and looks broken. I will separate this change as
two patches as you suggested.

Thank you,
Pasha

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 06/17] arm64, hibernate: add trans_pgd public functions
  2019-09-06 15:18   ` James Morse
@ 2019-09-06 16:00     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-09-06 16:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: James Morse
  Cc: Sasha Levin, Mark Rutland, Vladimir Murzin, Jonathan Corbet,
	Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Bhupesh Sharma,
	kexec mailing list, LKML, James Morris, linux-mm,
	Eric W. Biederman, Matthias Brugger, will, Linux ARM

On Fri, Sep 6, 2019 at 11:18 AM James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Pavel,
>
> On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> > trans_pgd_create_copy() and trans_pgd_map_page() are going to be
> > the basis for public interface of new subsystem that handles page
>
> Please don't call this a subsystem. 'sound' and 'mm' are subsystems, this is just some
> shared code.

Sounds good: just could not find a better term to call trans_pgd_*. I
won't fix log commits.

>
> > tables for cases which are between kernels: kexec, and hibernate.
>
> Even though you've baked the get_safe_page() calls into trans_pgd_map_page()?

It is getting removed later. Just for a cleaner migration to new
place, get_safe_page() is included for now.

>
>
> > diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
> > index 750ecc7f2cbe..2e29d620b56c 100644
> > --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
> > +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
> > @@ -182,39 +182,15 @@ int arch_hibernation_header_restore(void *addr)
>
> > +int trans_pgd_map_page(pgd_t *trans_pgd, void *page,
> > +                    unsigned long dst_addr,
> > +                    pgprot_t pgprot)
>
> If this thing is going to be exposed, its name should reflect that its creating a set of
> page tables, to map a single page.
>
> A function called 'map_page' with this prototype should 'obviously' map @page at @dst_addr
> in @trans_pgd using the provided @pgprot... but it doesn't.

Answered below...

>
> This is what 'create' was doing in the old name, if that wasn't obvious, its because
> naming things is hard!
> | trans_create_single_page_mapping()?
>
> (might be too verbose)
>
> I think this bites you in patch 8, where you 'generalise' this.

The new naming makes more sense to me. The old code had function named:

create_safe_exec_page()

It was doing four things: 1. creating the actual page via provided
allocator, 2. copying content from the provided page to new page, 3
creating a new page table. 4 mapping it to a new page table at
specified destination address

After, I generalize this the function the prototype looks like this:

int trans_pgd_map_page(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pgd_t *trans_pgd,
                                         void *page, unsigned long
dst_addr, pgprot_t pgprot)

The function only does the "4" from the old code: map the specified
page at dst_addr. The trans_pgd is already created. Of course, and
mapping function will have to allocate missing tables in the page
tables when necessary.

> > +     return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Copies length bytes, starting at src_start into an new page,
> > + * perform cache maintentance, then maps it at the specified address low
>
> Could you fix the spelling of maintenance as git thinks you've moved it?

I will.

Thank you,
Pasha

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 07/17] arm64, hibernate: move page handling function to new trans_pgd.c
  2019-09-06 15:18   ` James Morse
@ 2019-09-06 17:41     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-09-06 17:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: James Morse
  Cc: Sasha Levin, Mark Rutland, Vladimir Murzin, Jonathan Corbet,
	Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Bhupesh Sharma,
	kexec mailing list, LKML, James Morris, linux-mm,
	Eric W. Biederman, Matthias Brugger, will, Linux ARM

On Fri, Sep 6, 2019 at 11:18 AM James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Pavel,
>
> On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> > Now, that we abstracted the required functions move them to a new home.
> > Later, we will generalize these function in order to be useful outside
> > of hibernation.
>
> > diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..00b62d8640c2
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,211 @@
> > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Copyright (c) 2019, Microsoft Corporation.
> > + * Pavel Tatashin <patatash@linux.microsoft.com>
>
> Hmmm, while line-count isn't a useful metric: this file contains 41% of the code that was
> in hibernate.c, but has stripped the substantial copyright-pedigree that the hibernate
> code had built up over the years.
> (counting lines identified by 'cloc' as code, not comments or blank)
>
> If you are copying or moving a non trivial quantity of code, you need to preserve the
> copyright. Something like 'Derived from the arm64 hibernate support which has:'....

I will do that.  The copyright thing was meant to appear in
"generalization" patch that comes later, where I unified most of the
code to be symmetric.
So, I will add it there, and also do the derived message that you suggested.

>
>
> > + */
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Transitional tables are used during system transferring from one world to
> > + * another: such as during hibernate restore, and kexec reboots. During these
> > + * phases one cannot rely on page table not being overwritten.
>
> I think you need to mention that hibernate and kexec are rewriting memory, and may
> overwrite the live page tables, therefore ...

Will add, thank you.

Pasha

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 08/17] arm64, trans_pgd: make trans_pgd_map_page generic
  2019-09-06 15:20   ` James Morse
@ 2019-09-06 18:58     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-09-06 18:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: James Morse
  Cc: Sasha Levin, Mark Rutland, Vladimir Murzin, Jonathan Corbet,
	Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Bhupesh Sharma,
	kexec mailing list, LKML, James Morris, linux-mm,
	Eric W. Biederman, Matthias Brugger, will, Linux ARM

On Fri, Sep 6, 2019 at 11:20 AM James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Pavel,
>
> On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> > Currently, trans_pgd_map_page has assumptions that are relevant to
> > hibernate. But, to make it generic we must allow it to use any allocator
>
> Sounds familiar: you removed this in patch 2.

Yes, will fix it. Thank  you.

>
>
> > and also, can't assume that entries do not exist in the page table
> > already.
>
> This thing creates a set of page tables to map one page: the relocation code.
> This is mapped in TTBR0_EL1.
> It can assume existing entries do not exist, because it creates the single-entry levels as
> it goes. Kexec also needs to map precisely one page for relocation. You don't need to
> generalise this.
>
> 'trans_pgd_create_copy()' is what creates a copy the linear map. This is mapped in TTBR1_EL1.
>
> There is no reason for kexec to behave differently here.

This is again left over from earlier version where I had a flag for
this assumption. But later redesigned kexec to never have conflicting
mapptings.
I will fix this commit log.

>
>
> > Also, we can't use init_mm here.
>
> Why not? arm64's pgd_populate() doesn't use the mm. It's only there to make it obvious
> this is an EL1 mapping we are creating. We use the kernel-asid with the new mapping.

I understand, and we can use "mm" pointer here, but the problem of
doing so in trans_pdg_* is that it makes the design look ugly. We are
creating page tables for context that runs "mm" because it is between
kernels when everything is overwritten. Yet, relying on "mm" to create
these page tables is odd.

>
> The __ version is a lot less readable.

The only __version of macros I am using is for "populate" calls: for
example, __pmd_populate  instead of pmd_populate etc. I will use non
'__' variants with NULL argument instead of mm.

> Please don't use the page tables as an array: this is what the offset helpers are for.

Sure, I can use:

pte_offset_kernel()
pmd_offset()
pud_offset()
pgd_offset_raw()

The code becomes a little less efficient, because offsets return
pointer to the entry after READ_ONCE, and we need to use another
READ_ONCE() to read its content to parse its value in for example
pud_table(), pud_none() etc . In my case we use READ_ONCE() only one
time  per entry and operate on the content multiple times. Also,
because of unfortunate differences in macro names, the code become a
little less symmetric. Still, I can change the code to use _offsets
here. Please let me know if you still think it is better to use them
here.

>
>
> > Also, add "flags" for trans_pgd_info, they are going to be used
> > in copy functions once they are generalized.
>
> You don't need to 'generalize' this to support hypothetical users.
> There are only two: hibernate and kexec, both of which are very specialised. Making these
> things top-level marionette strings will tangle the logic.

Will do that (see reply below)

>
> The copy_p?d() functions should decide if they should manipulate _this_ entry based on
> _this_ entry and the kernel configuration. This is only really done in _copy_pte(), which
> is where it should stay.

I am sorry, I do not understand this comment. Could you please
elaborate what would you like me to change.

>
>
> > diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
> > index c7b5402b7d87..e3d022b1b526 100644
> > --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
> > +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/trans_pgd.h
> > @@ -11,10 +11,45 @@
> >  #include <linux/bits.h>
> >  #include <asm/pgtable-types.h>
> >
> > +/*
> > + * trans_alloc_page
> > + *   - Allocator that should return exactly one uninitilaized page, if this
> > + *    allocator fails, trans_pgd returns -ENOMEM error.
> > + *
> > + * trans_alloc_arg
> > + *   - Passed to trans_alloc_page as an argument
>
> This is very familiar.

Sorry, What do you mean?

>
>
> > + * trans_flags
> > + *   - bitmap with flags that control how page table is filled.
> > + *     TRANS_MKWRITE: during page table copy make PTE, PME, and PUD page
> > + *                    writeable by removing RDONLY flag from PTE.
>
> Why would you ever keep the read-only flags in a set of page tables that exist to let you
> overwrite memory?

It meant to take care of this comment, and keep it in hibernate specific code:
329                 /*
330                  * Resume will overwrite areas that may be marked read only
331                  * (code, rodata). Clear the RDONLY bit from the temporary
332                  * mappings we use during restore.
333                  */
334                 .trans_flags            = TRANS_MKWRITE,
335         };

But, sure, this makes sense I will remove this flag, and will do
RDONLY unconditionally.

I re-evaluated "flags", and figured that they are indeed not needed.
So, I will embed them into the code directly.

>
>
> > + *     TRANS_MKVALID: during page table copy, if PTE present, but not valid,
> > + *                    make it valid.
>
> Please keep this logic together with the !pte_none(pte) and debug_pagealloc_enabled()
> check, where it is today.
>
> Making an entry valid without those checks should never be necessary.

Yes, will do that.

>
>
> > + *     TRANS_CHECKPFN: During page table copy, for every PTE entry check that
> > + *                     PFN that this PTE points to is valid. Otherwise return
> > + *                     -ENXIO
>
> Hibernate does this when inventing a new mapping. This is how we check the kernel
> should be able to read/write this page. If !pfn_valid(), the page should not be mapped.
>
> Why do you need to turn this off?
>
> It us only necessary at the leaf level, and only if debug-pagealloc is in use. Please keep
> all these bits together, as its much harder to understand why this entry needs inventing
> when its split up like this.
>
>
>

> > diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
> > index 00b62d8640c2..dbabccd78cc4 100644
> > --- a/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
> > +++ b/arch/arm64/mm/trans_pgd.c
> > @@ -17,6 +17,16 @@
> >  #include <asm/pgtable.h>
> >  #include <linux/suspend.h>
> >
> > +static void *trans_alloc(struct trans_pgd_info *info)
> > +{
> > +     void *page = info->trans_alloc_page(info->trans_alloc_arg);
> > +
> > +     if (page)
> > +             clear_page(page);
>
> The hibernate allocator already does this. As your reason for doing this is to make this
> faster, it seems odd we do this twice.
>
> If zeroed pages are necessary, the allocator should do it. (It already needs to be a
> use-case specific allocator)

Makes sense, I will change the requirement for allocator to return
zeroed memory.

>
>
> > +
> > +     return page;
> > +}
> > +
> >  static void _copy_pte(pte_t *dst_ptep, pte_t *src_ptep, unsigned long addr)
> >  {
> >       pte_t pte = READ_ONCE(*src_ptep);
> > @@ -172,40 +182,64 @@ int trans_pgd_create_copy(pgd_t **dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
> >       return rc;
> >  }
> >
> > -int trans_pgd_map_page(pgd_t *trans_pgd, void *page, unsigned long dst_addr,
> > -                    pgprot_t pgprot)
> > +int trans_pgd_map_page(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pgd_t *trans_pgd,
> > +                    void *page, unsigned long dst_addr, pgprot_t pgprot)
> >  {
> > -     pgd_t *pgdp;
> > -     pud_t *pudp;
> > -     pmd_t *pmdp;
> > -     pte_t *ptep;
> > -
> > -     pgdp = pgd_offset_raw(trans_pgd, dst_addr);
> > -     if (pgd_none(READ_ONCE(*pgdp))) {
> > -             pudp = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
> > -             if (!pudp)
> > +     int pgd_idx = pgd_index(dst_addr);
> > +     int pud_idx = pud_index(dst_addr);
> > +     int pmd_idx = pmd_index(dst_addr);
> > +     int pte_idx = pte_index(dst_addr);
>
> Yuck.
>

What's wrong with pre-calculating indices? :)

>
>
> > +     pgd_t *pgdp = trans_pgd;
> > +     pgd_t pgd = READ_ONCE(pgdp[pgd_idx]);
> > +     pud_t *pudp, pud;
> > +     pmd_t *pmdp, pmd;
> > +     pte_t *ptep, pte;
> > +
> > +     if (pgd_none(pgd)) {
> > +             pud_t *t = trans_alloc(info);
> > +
> > +             if (!t)
> >                       return -ENOMEM;
>
> > -             pgd_populate(&init_mm, pgdp, pudp);
> > +
> > +             __pgd_populate(&pgdp[pgd_idx], __pa(t), PUD_TYPE_TABLE);
> > +             pgd = READ_ONCE(pgdp[pgd_idx]);
>
>
> Please keep the pgd_populate() call. If there is some reason we can't pass init_mm, we can
> pass NULL, or a fake mm pointer instead.\\

Hm, we could use NULL instead of "mm", I will do that, thanks.

>
> Going behind the page table helpers back to play with the table directly is a maintenance
> headache.
>
>
> >       }
> >
>
>
> > -     pudp = pud_offset(pgdp, dst_addr);
> > -     if (pud_none(READ_ONCE(*pudp))) {
> > -             pmdp = (void *)get_safe_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
> > -             if (!pmdp)
> > +     pudp = __va(pgd_page_paddr(pgd));
> > +     pud = READ_ONCE(pudp[pud_idx]);
> > +     if (pud_sect(pud)) {
> > +             return -ENXIO;
> > +     } else if (pud_none(pud) || pud_sect(pud)) {
> > +             pmd_t *t = trans_alloc(info);
> > +
> > +             if (!t)
> >                       return -ENOMEM;
>
> Choke on block mappings? This should never happen because this function should only create
> the tables necessary to map one page. Not a block mapping in sight.
>
> (see my comments on patch 6)

I can remove this, but what should I replace it with BUG() or silently
ignore, and assume no huge page hre? I thought the idea is not to use
BUG() calls in kernel code, and return errors instead. If, in the
future PUD size mappings are added, how is that going to be detected?

Thank you,
Pasha

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linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 09/17] arm64, trans_pgd: add trans_pgd_create_empty
  2019-09-06 15:20   ` James Morse
@ 2019-09-06 19:00     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-09-06 19:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: James Morse
  Cc: Sasha Levin, Mark Rutland, Vladimir Murzin, Jonathan Corbet,
	Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Bhupesh Sharma,
	kexec mailing list, LKML, James Morris, linux-mm,
	Eric W. Biederman, Matthias Brugger, will, Linux ARM

On Fri, Sep 6, 2019 at 11:20 AM James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Pavel,
>
> On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> > This functions returns a zeroed trans_pgd using the allocator that is
> > specified in the info argument.
> >
> > trans_pgds should be created by using this function.
>
> This function takes the allocator you give it, and calls it once.
>
> Given both users need one pgd, and have to provide the allocator, it seems strange that
> they aren't trusted to call it.
>
> I don't think this patch is necessary.
>
> Let the caller pass in the pgd_t to the helpers.

Ok.

Thank you,
Pasha

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 10/17] arm64, trans_pgd: adjust trans_pgd_create_copy interface
  2019-09-06 15:20   ` James Morse
@ 2019-09-06 19:03     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-09-06 19:03 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: James Morse
  Cc: Sasha Levin, Mark Rutland, Vladimir Murzin, Jonathan Corbet,
	Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Bhupesh Sharma,
	kexec mailing list, LKML, James Morris, linux-mm,
	Eric W. Biederman, Matthias Brugger, will, Linux ARM

> > -int trans_pgd_create_copy(pgd_t **dst_pgdp, unsigned long start,
> > +/*
> > + * Create trans_pgd and copy entries from from_table to trans_pgd in range
> > + * [start, end)
> > + */
> > +int trans_pgd_create_copy(struct trans_pgd_info *info, pgd_t **trans_pgd,
> > +                       pgd_t *from_table, unsigned long start,
> >                         unsigned long end);
>
> This creates a copy of the linear-map. Why does it need to be told from_table?

This what done as a generic page table entries copy, but I agree, will
remove the from_table.

>
>
> > diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
> > index 8c2641a9bb09..8bb602e91065 100644
> > --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
> > +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/hibernate.c
> > @@ -323,15 +323,42 @@ int swsusp_arch_resume(void)
> >       phys_addr_t phys_hibernate_exit;
> >       void __noreturn (*hibernate_exit)(phys_addr_t, phys_addr_t, void *,
> >                                         void *, phys_addr_t, phys_addr_t);
> > +     struct trans_pgd_info trans_info = {
> > +             .trans_alloc_page       = hibernate_page_alloc,
> > +             .trans_alloc_arg        = (void *)GFP_ATOMIC,
> > +             /*
> > +              * Resume will overwrite areas that may be marked read only
> > +              * (code, rodata). Clear the RDONLY bit from the temporary
> > +              * mappings we use during restore.
> > +              */
> > +             .trans_flags            = TRANS_MKWRITE,
> > +     };
>
>
> > +     /*
> > +      * debug_pagealloc will removed the PTE_VALID bit if the page isn't in
> > +      * use by the resume kernel. It may have been in use by the original
> > +      * kernel, in which case we need to put it back in our copy to do the
> > +      * restore.
> > +      *
> > +      * Before marking this entry valid, check the pfn should be mapped.
> > +      */
> > +     if (debug_pagealloc_enabled())
> > +             trans_info.trans_flags |= (TRANS_MKVALID | TRANS_CHECKPFN);
>
> The debug_pagealloc_enabled() check should be with the code that generates a different
> entry. Whether the different entry is correct needs to be considered with
> debug_pagealloc_enabled() in mind. You are making this tricky logic less clear.
>
> There is no way the existing code invents an entry for a !pfn_valid() page. With your
> 'checkpfn' flag, this thing can. You don't need to generalise this for hypothetical users.

Ok

>
>
> If kexec needs to create mappings for bogus pages, I'd like to know why.
>

It does not.

>
> >       /*
> >        * Restoring the memory image will overwrite the ttbr1 page tables.
> >        * Create a second copy of just the linear map, and use this when
> >        * restoring.
> >        */
> > -     rc = trans_pgd_create_copy(&tmp_pg_dir, PAGE_OFFSET, 0);
> > -     if (rc)
> > +     rc = trans_pgd_create_copy(&trans_info, &tmp_pg_dir, init_mm.pgd,
> > +                                PAGE_OFFSET, 0);
>
> > +     if (rc) {
> > +             if (rc == -ENOMEM)
> > +                     pr_err("Failed to allocate memory for temporary page tables.\n");
> > +             else if (rc == -ENXIO)
> > +                     pr_err("Tried to set PTE for PFN that does not exist\n");
> >               goto out;
> > +     }
>
> If you think the distinction for this error message is useful, it would be clearer to
> change it in the current hibernate code before you move it. (_copy_pte() to return an
> error, instead of silently failing). Done here, this is unrelated noise.
>

Ok, will do that.

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 11/17] arm64, trans_pgd: add PUD_SECT_RDONLY
  2019-09-06 15:21   ` James Morse
@ 2019-09-06 19:04     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-09-06 19:04 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: James Morse
  Cc: Sasha Levin, Mark Rutland, Vladimir Murzin, Jonathan Corbet,
	Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Bhupesh Sharma,
	kexec mailing list, LKML, James Morris, linux-mm,
	Eric W. Biederman, Matthias Brugger, will, Linux ARM

On Fri, Sep 6, 2019 at 11:21 AM James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Pavel,
>
> On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> > Thre is PMD_SECT_RDONLY that is used in pud_* function which is confusing.
>
> Nit: There
>
> I bet it was equally confusing before before you moved it! Could you do this earlier in
> the series with the rest of the cleanup?
>
> With that,
> Acked-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>

Will move it earlier.

Thank you,
Pasha

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 12/17] arm64, trans_pgd: complete generalization of trans_pgds
  2019-09-06 15:23   ` James Morse
@ 2019-09-06 19:06     ` Pavel Tatashin
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 42+ messages in thread
From: Pavel Tatashin @ 2019-09-06 19:06 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: James Morse
  Cc: Sasha Levin, Mark Rutland, Vladimir Murzin, Jonathan Corbet,
	Marc Zyngier, Catalin Marinas, Bhupesh Sharma,
	kexec mailing list, LKML, James Morris, linux-mm,
	Eric W. Biederman, Matthias Brugger, will, Linux ARM

On Fri, Sep 6, 2019 at 11:23 AM James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Pavel,
>
> On 21/08/2019 19:31, Pavel Tatashin wrote:
> > Make the last private functions in page table copy path generlized for use
> > outside of hibernate.
> >
> > Switch to use the provided allocator, flags, and source page table. Also,
> > unify all copy function implementations to reduce the possibility of bugs.
>
> By changing it? No one has reported any problems. We're more likely to break it making
> unnecessary changes.
>
> Why is this necessary?

I tried to make it cleaner, but if you think the final version does
not make it better, I will keep the current versions.

Thank you,
Pasha

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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 42+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 42+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-08-21 18:31 [PATCH v3 00/17] arm64: MMU enabled kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin
2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 01/17] kexec: quiet down kexec reboot Pavel Tatashin
2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
2019-09-06 15:35     ` Pavel Tatashin
2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 02/17] arm64, hibernate: use get_safe_page directly Pavel Tatashin
2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
2019-09-06 15:39     ` Pavel Tatashin
2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 03/17] arm64, hibernate: remove gotos in create_safe_exec_page Pavel Tatashin
2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
2019-09-06 15:41     ` Pavel Tatashin
2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 04/17] arm64, hibernate: rename dst to page " Pavel Tatashin
2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
2019-09-06 15:41     ` Pavel Tatashin
2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 05/17] arm64, hibernate: check pgd table allocation Pavel Tatashin
2019-09-06 15:17   ` James Morse
2019-09-06 15:44     ` Pavel Tatashin
2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 06/17] arm64, hibernate: add trans_pgd public functions Pavel Tatashin
2019-09-06 15:18   ` James Morse
2019-09-06 16:00     ` Pavel Tatashin
2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 07/17] arm64, hibernate: move page handling function to new trans_pgd.c Pavel Tatashin
2019-09-06 15:18   ` James Morse
2019-09-06 17:41     ` Pavel Tatashin
2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 08/17] arm64, trans_pgd: make trans_pgd_map_page generic Pavel Tatashin
2019-09-06 15:20   ` James Morse
2019-09-06 18:58     ` Pavel Tatashin
2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 09/17] arm64, trans_pgd: add trans_pgd_create_empty Pavel Tatashin
2019-09-06 15:20   ` James Morse
2019-09-06 19:00     ` Pavel Tatashin
2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 10/17] arm64, trans_pgd: adjust trans_pgd_create_copy interface Pavel Tatashin
2019-09-06 15:20   ` James Morse
2019-09-06 19:03     ` Pavel Tatashin
2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 11/17] arm64, trans_pgd: add PUD_SECT_RDONLY Pavel Tatashin
2019-09-06 15:21   ` James Morse
2019-09-06 19:04     ` Pavel Tatashin
2019-08-21 18:31 ` [PATCH v3 12/17] arm64, trans_pgd: complete generalization of trans_pgds Pavel Tatashin
2019-09-06 15:23   ` James Morse
2019-09-06 19:06     ` Pavel Tatashin
2019-08-21 18:32 ` [PATCH v3 13/17] kexec: add machine_kexec_post_load() Pavel Tatashin
2019-08-21 18:32 ` [PATCH v3 14/17] arm64, kexec: move relocation function setup and clean up Pavel Tatashin
2019-08-21 18:32 ` [PATCH v3 15/17] arm64, kexec: add expandable argument to relocation function Pavel Tatashin
2019-08-21 18:32 ` [PATCH v3 16/17] arm64, kexec: configure trans_pgd page table for kexec Pavel Tatashin
2019-08-21 18:32 ` [PATCH v3 17/17] arm64, kexec: enable MMU during kexec relocation Pavel Tatashin

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	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 linux-arm-kernel linux-arm-kernel/ https://lore.kernel.org/linux-arm-kernel \
		linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org infradead-linux-arm-kernel@archiver.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index linux-arm-kernel


Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.infradead.lists.linux-arm-kernel


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/ public-inbox