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* [PATCH 0/2] efi: simplify property table handling on ARM
@ 2019-12-03 12:09 Ard Biesheuvel
  2019-12-03 12:09 ` [PATCH 1/2] efi/arm64: use 1:1 mapping of RT services if property table exists Ard Biesheuvel
  2019-12-03 12:09 ` [PATCH 2/2] efi: move handling of properties table to x86 specific code Ard Biesheuvel
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 3+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2019-12-03 12:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-efi; +Cc: mark.rutland, james.morse, Ard Biesheuvel, linux-arm-kernel

Instead of sorting the memory map and comparing the placement and
type of adjacent entries in the EFI memory map, which was implemented
to prevent breakage when the pointless and deprecated UEFI property
table feature is provided by the firmware, boot with a 1:1 mapping
for runtime services in this case, which works around the issue as
well.

Also, move the code that handles this feature into arch/x86, which
is the only architecture which is known to have shipped systems with
this feature enabled.

Ard Biesheuvel (2):
  efi/arm64: use 1:1 mapping of RT services if property table exists
  efi: move handling of properties table to x86 specific code

 arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c             |  22 ++++-
 drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c              |  19 ----
 drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile   |   1 -
 drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm-stub.c | 103 ++++++--------------
 include/linux/efi.h                     |   1 -
 5 files changed, 50 insertions(+), 96 deletions(-)

-- 
2.17.1


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 1/2] efi/arm64: use 1:1 mapping of RT services if property table exists
  2019-12-03 12:09 [PATCH 0/2] efi: simplify property table handling on ARM Ard Biesheuvel
@ 2019-12-03 12:09 ` Ard Biesheuvel
  2019-12-03 12:09 ` [PATCH 2/2] efi: move handling of properties table to x86 specific code Ard Biesheuvel
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 3+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2019-12-03 12:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-efi; +Cc: mark.rutland, james.morse, Ard Biesheuvel, linux-arm-kernel

The UEFI spec defines (and deprecates) a misguided and shortlived
memory protection feature that is based on splitting memory regions
covering PE/COFF executables into separate code and data regions,
without annotating them as belonging to the same executable image.
When the OS assigns the virtual addresses of these regions, it may
move them around arbitrarily, without taking into account that the
PE/COFF code sections may contain relative references into the data
sections, which means the relative placement of these segments has
to be preserved or the executable image will be corrupt.

The original workaround on arm64 was to ensure that adjacent regions
of the same type were mapped adjacently in the virtual mapping, but
this requires sorting of the memory map, which we would prefer to
avoid.

Considering that we have recently added the option to simply reuse
the firmware's 1:1 mapping at runtime, let's do the same for systems
where this memory protection feature is implemented, and drop the
sorting and associated checks when creating the virtual mapping.

Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
---
 drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile   |   1 -
 drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm-stub.c | 103 ++++++--------------
 2 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 75 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
index c35f893897e1..33535252605a 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
@@ -43,7 +43,6 @@ lib-y				:= efi-stub-helper.o gop.o secureboot.o tpm.o \
 
 # include the stub's generic dependencies from lib/ when building for ARM/arm64
 arm-deps-y := fdt_rw.c fdt_ro.c fdt_wip.c fdt.c fdt_empty_tree.c fdt_sw.c
-arm-deps-$(CONFIG_ARM64) += sort.c
 
 $(obj)/lib-%.o: $(srctree)/lib/%.c FORCE
 	$(call if_changed_rule,cc_o_c)
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm-stub.c b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm-stub.c
index 817237ce2420..4951604b3624 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm-stub.c
+++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/arm-stub.c
@@ -10,7 +10,6 @@
  */
 
 #include <linux/efi.h>
-#include <linux/sort.h>
 #include <asm/efi.h>
 
 #include "efistub.h"
@@ -37,6 +36,8 @@
 
 static u64 virtmap_base = EFI_RT_VIRTUAL_BASE;
 
+static bool __section(.data) virtual_remap = false;
+
 void efi_char16_printk(efi_system_table_t *sys_table_arg,
 			      efi_char16_t *str)
 {
@@ -238,8 +239,18 @@ unsigned long efi_entry(void *handle, efi_system_table_t *sys_table,
 
 	efi_random_get_seed(sys_table);
 
+	if (!novamap()) {
+		efi_properties_table_t *prop_table;
+
+		prop_table = get_efi_config_table(sys_table,
+						  EFI_PROPERTIES_TABLE_GUID);
+		virtual_remap = !prop_table ||
+				!(prop_table->memory_protection_attribute &
+				  EFI_PROPERTIES_RUNTIME_MEMORY_PROTECTION_NON_EXECUTABLE_PE_DATA);
+	}
+
 	/* hibernation expects the runtime regions to stay in the same place */
-	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HIBERNATION) && !nokaslr()) {
+	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HIBERNATION) && !nokaslr() && virtual_remap) {
 		/*
 		 * Randomize the base of the UEFI runtime services region.
 		 * Preserve the 2 MB alignment of the region by taking a
@@ -290,44 +301,6 @@ unsigned long efi_entry(void *handle, efi_system_table_t *sys_table,
 	return EFI_ERROR;
 }
 
-static int cmp_mem_desc(const void *l, const void *r)
-{
-	const efi_memory_desc_t *left = l, *right = r;
-
-	return (left->phys_addr > right->phys_addr) ? 1 : -1;
-}
-
-/*
- * Returns whether region @left ends exactly where region @right starts,
- * or false if either argument is NULL.
- */
-static bool regions_are_adjacent(efi_memory_desc_t *left,
-				 efi_memory_desc_t *right)
-{
-	u64 left_end;
-
-	if (left == NULL || right == NULL)
-		return false;
-
-	left_end = left->phys_addr + left->num_pages * EFI_PAGE_SIZE;
-
-	return left_end == right->phys_addr;
-}
-
-/*
- * Returns whether region @left and region @right have compatible memory type
- * mapping attributes, and are both EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME regions.
- */
-static bool regions_have_compatible_memory_type_attrs(efi_memory_desc_t *left,
-						      efi_memory_desc_t *right)
-{
-	static const u64 mem_type_mask = EFI_MEMORY_WB | EFI_MEMORY_WT |
-					 EFI_MEMORY_WC | EFI_MEMORY_UC |
-					 EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME;
-
-	return ((left->attribute ^ right->attribute) & mem_type_mask) == 0;
-}
-
 /*
  * efi_get_virtmap() - create a virtual mapping for the EFI memory map
  *
@@ -340,23 +313,10 @@ void efi_get_virtmap(efi_memory_desc_t *memory_map, unsigned long map_size,
 		     int *count)
 {
 	u64 efi_virt_base = virtmap_base;
-	efi_memory_desc_t *in, *prev = NULL, *out = runtime_map;
+	efi_memory_desc_t *in, *out = runtime_map;
 	int l;
 
-	/*
-	 * To work around potential issues with the Properties Table feature
-	 * introduced in UEFI 2.5, which may split PE/COFF executable images
-	 * in memory into several RuntimeServicesCode and RuntimeServicesData
-	 * regions, we need to preserve the relative offsets between adjacent
-	 * EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME regions with the same memory type attributes.
-	 * The easiest way to find adjacent regions is to sort the memory map
-	 * before traversing it.
-	 */
-	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM64))
-		sort(memory_map, map_size / desc_size, desc_size, cmp_mem_desc,
-		     NULL);
-
-	for (l = 0; l < map_size; l += desc_size, prev = in) {
+	for (l = 0; l < map_size; l += desc_size) {
 		u64 paddr, size;
 
 		in = (void *)memory_map + l;
@@ -366,7 +326,7 @@ void efi_get_virtmap(efi_memory_desc_t *memory_map, unsigned long map_size,
 		paddr = in->phys_addr;
 		size = in->num_pages * EFI_PAGE_SIZE;
 
-		if (novamap()) {
+		if (!virtual_remap) {
 			in->virt_addr = in->phys_addr;
 			continue;
 		}
@@ -376,24 +336,19 @@ void efi_get_virtmap(efi_memory_desc_t *memory_map, unsigned long map_size,
 		 * a 4k page size kernel to kexec a 64k page size kernel and
 		 * vice versa.
 		 */
-		if ((IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM64) &&
-		     !regions_are_adjacent(prev, in)) ||
-		    !regions_have_compatible_memory_type_attrs(prev, in)) {
-
-			paddr = round_down(in->phys_addr, SZ_64K);
-			size += in->phys_addr - paddr;
-
-			/*
-			 * Avoid wasting memory on PTEs by choosing a virtual
-			 * base that is compatible with section mappings if this
-			 * region has the appropriate size and physical
-			 * alignment. (Sections are 2 MB on 4k granule kernels)
-			 */
-			if (IS_ALIGNED(in->phys_addr, SZ_2M) && size >= SZ_2M)
-				efi_virt_base = round_up(efi_virt_base, SZ_2M);
-			else
-				efi_virt_base = round_up(efi_virt_base, SZ_64K);
-		}
+		paddr = round_down(in->phys_addr, SZ_64K);
+		size += in->phys_addr - paddr;
+
+		/*
+		 * Avoid wasting memory on PTEs by choosing a virtual
+		 * base that is compatible with section mappings if this
+		 * region has the appropriate size and physical
+		 * alignment. (Sections are 2 MB on 4k granule kernels)
+		 */
+		if (IS_ALIGNED(in->phys_addr, SZ_2M) && size >= SZ_2M)
+			efi_virt_base = round_up(efi_virt_base, SZ_2M);
+		else
+			efi_virt_base = round_up(efi_virt_base, SZ_64K);
 
 		in->virt_addr = efi_virt_base + in->phys_addr - paddr;
 		efi_virt_base += size;
-- 
2.17.1


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linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 2/2] efi: move handling of properties table to x86 specific code
  2019-12-03 12:09 [PATCH 0/2] efi: simplify property table handling on ARM Ard Biesheuvel
  2019-12-03 12:09 ` [PATCH 1/2] efi/arm64: use 1:1 mapping of RT services if property table exists Ard Biesheuvel
@ 2019-12-03 12:09 ` Ard Biesheuvel
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 3+ messages in thread
From: Ard Biesheuvel @ 2019-12-03 12:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-efi; +Cc: mark.rutland, james.morse, Ard Biesheuvel, linux-arm-kernel

The EFI properties table defines only a single property called
EFI_PROPERTIES_RUNTIME_MEMORY_PROTECTION_NON_EXECUTABLE_PE_DATA which
was deprecated almost immediately after it was defined, given that
splitting EFI runtime code regions into code and data segments is not
generally possible because the OS may apply a virtual mapping that
corrupts relative references between those segments. Instead, a new
memory attributes table has been defined that supersedes this feature.

Some x86 implementations of this property are known to exist in the field,
and the x86 EFI support code actually takes this property into account if
no memory attributes table is provided, but on other architectures, the
property is ignored entirely. So let's move the code that supports this
feature into the arch/x86 tree.

Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
---
 arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c | 22 +++++++++++++++++++-
 drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c  | 19 -----------------
 include/linux/efi.h         |  1 -
 3 files changed, 21 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c
index 38d44f36d5ed..dda52770d78a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c
+++ b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c
@@ -57,10 +57,13 @@
 static struct efi efi_phys __initdata;
 static efi_system_table_t efi_systab __initdata;
 
+static unsigned long properties_table = EFI_INVALID_TABLE_ADDR;
+
 static efi_config_table_type_t arch_tables[] __initdata = {
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_UV
 	{UV_SYSTEM_TABLE_GUID, "UVsystab", &uv_systab_phys},
 #endif
+	{EFI_PROPERTIES_TABLE_GUID, "PROP", &properties_table},
 	{NULL_GUID, NULL, NULL},
 };
 
@@ -80,7 +83,7 @@ static const unsigned long * const efi_tables[] = {
 	&efi.runtime,
 	&efi.config_table,
 	&efi.esrt,
-	&efi.properties_table,
+	&properties_table,
 	&efi.mem_attr_table,
 #ifdef CONFIG_EFI_RCI2_TABLE
 	&rci2_table_phys,
@@ -585,6 +588,23 @@ void __init efi_init(void)
 	if (efi_config_init(arch_tables))
 		return;
 
+	/* Parse the EFI Properties table if it exists */
+	if (properties_table != EFI_INVALID_TABLE_ADDR) {
+		efi_properties_table_t *tbl;
+
+		tbl = early_memremap(properties_table, sizeof(*tbl));
+		if (tbl == NULL) {
+			pr_err("Could not map Properties table!\n");
+			return -ENOMEM;
+		}
+
+		if (tbl->memory_protection_attribute &
+		    EFI_PROPERTIES_RUNTIME_MEMORY_PROTECTION_NON_EXECUTABLE_PE_DATA)
+			set_bit(EFI_NX_PE_DATA, &efi.flags);
+
+		early_memunmap(tbl, sizeof(*tbl));
+	}
+
 	/*
 	 * Note: We currently don't support runtime services on an EFI
 	 * that doesn't match the kernel 32/64-bit mode.
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c b/drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c
index d101f072c8f8..ff35c5533581 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c
+++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/efi.c
@@ -47,7 +47,6 @@ struct efi __read_mostly efi = {
 	.runtime		= EFI_INVALID_TABLE_ADDR,
 	.config_table		= EFI_INVALID_TABLE_ADDR,
 	.esrt			= EFI_INVALID_TABLE_ADDR,
-	.properties_table	= EFI_INVALID_TABLE_ADDR,
 	.mem_attr_table		= EFI_INVALID_TABLE_ADDR,
 	.rng_seed		= EFI_INVALID_TABLE_ADDR,
 	.tpm_log		= EFI_INVALID_TABLE_ADDR,
@@ -476,7 +475,6 @@ static __initdata efi_config_table_type_t common_tables[] = {
 	{SMBIOS3_TABLE_GUID, "SMBIOS 3.0", &efi.smbios3},
 	{UGA_IO_PROTOCOL_GUID, "UGA", &efi.uga},
 	{EFI_SYSTEM_RESOURCE_TABLE_GUID, "ESRT", &efi.esrt},
-	{EFI_PROPERTIES_TABLE_GUID, "PROP", &efi.properties_table},
 	{EFI_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTES_TABLE_GUID, "MEMATTR", &efi.mem_attr_table},
 	{LINUX_EFI_RANDOM_SEED_TABLE_GUID, "RNG", &efi.rng_seed},
 	{LINUX_EFI_TPM_EVENT_LOG_GUID, "TPMEventLog", &efi.tpm_log},
@@ -575,23 +573,6 @@ int __init efi_config_parse_tables(void *config_tables, int count, int sz,
 
 	efi_tpm_eventlog_init();
 
-	/* Parse the EFI Properties table if it exists */
-	if (efi.properties_table != EFI_INVALID_TABLE_ADDR) {
-		efi_properties_table_t *tbl;
-
-		tbl = early_memremap(efi.properties_table, sizeof(*tbl));
-		if (tbl == NULL) {
-			pr_err("Could not map Properties table!\n");
-			return -ENOMEM;
-		}
-
-		if (tbl->memory_protection_attribute &
-		    EFI_PROPERTIES_RUNTIME_MEMORY_PROTECTION_NON_EXECUTABLE_PE_DATA)
-			set_bit(EFI_NX_PE_DATA, &efi.flags);
-
-		early_memunmap(tbl, sizeof(*tbl));
-	}
-
 	if (efi.mem_reserve != EFI_INVALID_TABLE_ADDR) {
 		unsigned long prsv = efi.mem_reserve;
 
diff --git a/include/linux/efi.h b/include/linux/efi.h
index 99dfea595c8c..a6a7698a6ad1 100644
--- a/include/linux/efi.h
+++ b/include/linux/efi.h
@@ -995,7 +995,6 @@ extern struct efi {
 	unsigned long runtime;		/* runtime table */
 	unsigned long config_table;	/* config tables */
 	unsigned long esrt;		/* ESRT table */
-	unsigned long properties_table;	/* properties table */
 	unsigned long mem_attr_table;	/* memory attributes table */
 	unsigned long rng_seed;		/* UEFI firmware random seed */
 	unsigned long tpm_log;		/* TPM2 Event Log table */
-- 
2.17.1


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linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

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-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-12-03 12:09 [PATCH 0/2] efi: simplify property table handling on ARM Ard Biesheuvel
2019-12-03 12:09 ` [PATCH 1/2] efi/arm64: use 1:1 mapping of RT services if property table exists Ard Biesheuvel
2019-12-03 12:09 ` [PATCH 2/2] efi: move handling of properties table to x86 specific code Ard Biesheuvel

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