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* [PATCH AUTOSEL 5.5 14/28] arm64: smp: fix smp_send_stop() behaviour
       [not found] <20200326232357.7516-1-sashal@kernel.org>
@ 2020-03-26 23:23 ` Sasha Levin
  2020-03-26 23:23 ` [PATCH AUTOSEL 5.5 15/28] arm64: smp: fix crash_smp_send_stop() behaviour Sasha Levin
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 2+ messages in thread
From: Sasha Levin @ 2020-03-26 23:23 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, stable
  Cc: Mark Rutland, Sasha Levin, linux-arm-kernel, Will Deacon,
	Dave Martin, Cristian Marussi

From: Cristian Marussi <cristian.marussi@arm.com>

[ Upstream commit d0bab0c39e32d39a8c5cddca72e5b4a3059fe050 ]

On a system with only one CPU online, when another one CPU panics while
starting-up, smp_send_stop() will fail to send any STOP message to the
other already online core, resulting in a system still responsive and
alive at the end of the panic procedure.

[  186.700083] CPU3: shutdown
[  187.075462] CPU2: shutdown
[  187.162869] CPU1: shutdown
[  188.689998] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[  188.691645] kernel BUG at arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c:886!
[  188.692079] Internal error: Oops - BUG: 0 [#1] PREEMPT SMP
[  188.692444] Modules linked in:
[  188.693031] CPU: 3 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/3 Not tainted 5.6.0-rc4-00001-g338d25c35a98 #104
[  188.693175] Hardware name: Foundation-v8A (DT)
[  188.693492] pstate: 200001c5 (nzCv dAIF -PAN -UAO)
[  188.694183] pc : has_cpuid_feature+0xf0/0x348
[  188.694311] lr : verify_local_elf_hwcaps+0x84/0xe8
[  188.694410] sp : ffff800011b1bf60
[  188.694536] x29: ffff800011b1bf60 x28: 0000000000000000
[  188.694707] x27: 0000000000000000 x26: 0000000000000000
[  188.694801] x25: 0000000000000000 x24: ffff80001189a25c
[  188.694905] x23: 0000000000000000 x22: 0000000000000000
[  188.694996] x21: ffff8000114aa018 x20: ffff800011156a38
[  188.695089] x19: ffff800010c944a0 x18: 0000000000000004
[  188.695187] x17: 0000000000000000 x16: 0000000000000000
[  188.695280] x15: 0000249dbde5431e x14: 0262cbe497efa1fa
[  188.695371] x13: 0000000000000002 x12: 0000000000002592
[  188.695472] x11: 0000000000000080 x10: 00400032b5503510
[  188.695572] x9 : 0000000000000000 x8 : ffff800010c80204
[  188.695659] x7 : 00000000410fd0f0 x6 : 0000000000000001
[  188.695750] x5 : 00000000410fd0f0 x4 : 0000000000000000
[  188.695836] x3 : 0000000000000000 x2 : ffff8000100939d8
[  188.695919] x1 : 0000000000180420 x0 : 0000000000180480
[  188.696253] Call trace:
[  188.696410]  has_cpuid_feature+0xf0/0x348
[  188.696504]  verify_local_elf_hwcaps+0x84/0xe8
[  188.696591]  check_local_cpu_capabilities+0x44/0x128
[  188.696666]  secondary_start_kernel+0xf4/0x188
[  188.697150] Code: 52805001 72a00301 6b01001f 54000ec0 (d4210000)
[  188.698639] ---[ end trace 3f12ca47652f7b72 ]---
[  188.699160] Kernel panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill the idle task!
[  188.699546] Kernel Offset: disabled
[  188.699828] CPU features: 0x00004,20c02008
[  188.700012] Memory Limit: none
[  188.700538] ---[ end Kernel panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill the idle task! ]---

[root@arch ~]# echo Helo
Helo
[root@arch ~]# cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep proce
processor	: 0

Make smp_send_stop() account also for the online status of the calling CPU
while evaluating how many CPUs are effectively online: this way, the right
number of STOPs is sent, so enforcing a proper freeze of the system at the
end of panic even under the above conditions.

Fixes: 08e875c16a16c ("arm64: SMP support")
Reported-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
Acked-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Cristian Marussi <cristian.marussi@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
---
 arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c | 17 ++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
index d4ed9a19d8fe7..e4dc241c5a8e8 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
@@ -958,11 +958,22 @@ void tick_broadcast(const struct cpumask *mask)
 }
 #endif
 
+/*
+ * The number of CPUs online, not counting this CPU (which may not be
+ * fully online and so not counted in num_online_cpus()).
+ */
+static inline unsigned int num_other_online_cpus(void)
+{
+	unsigned int this_cpu_online = cpu_online(smp_processor_id());
+
+	return num_online_cpus() - this_cpu_online;
+}
+
 void smp_send_stop(void)
 {
 	unsigned long timeout;
 
-	if (num_online_cpus() > 1) {
+	if (num_other_online_cpus()) {
 		cpumask_t mask;
 
 		cpumask_copy(&mask, cpu_online_mask);
@@ -975,10 +986,10 @@ void smp_send_stop(void)
 
 	/* Wait up to one second for other CPUs to stop */
 	timeout = USEC_PER_SEC;
-	while (num_online_cpus() > 1 && timeout--)
+	while (num_other_online_cpus() && timeout--)
 		udelay(1);
 
-	if (num_online_cpus() > 1)
+	if (num_other_online_cpus())
 		pr_warn("SMP: failed to stop secondary CPUs %*pbl\n",
 			cpumask_pr_args(cpu_online_mask));
 
-- 
2.20.1


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^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 2+ messages in thread

* [PATCH AUTOSEL 5.5 15/28] arm64: smp: fix crash_smp_send_stop() behaviour
       [not found] <20200326232357.7516-1-sashal@kernel.org>
  2020-03-26 23:23 ` [PATCH AUTOSEL 5.5 14/28] arm64: smp: fix smp_send_stop() behaviour Sasha Levin
@ 2020-03-26 23:23 ` Sasha Levin
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 2+ messages in thread
From: Sasha Levin @ 2020-03-26 23:23 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-kernel, stable
  Cc: Mark Rutland, Sasha Levin, Will Deacon, linux-arm-kernel,
	Cristian Marussi

From: Cristian Marussi <cristian.marussi@arm.com>

[ Upstream commit f50b7dacccbab2b9e3ef18f52a6dcc18ed2050b9 ]

On a system configured to trigger a crash_kexec() reboot, when only one CPU
is online and another CPU panics while starting-up, crash_smp_send_stop()
will fail to send any STOP message to the other already online core,
resulting in fail to freeze and registers not properly saved.

Moreover even if the proper messages are sent (case CPUs > 2)
it will similarly fail to account for the booting CPU when executing
the final stop wait-loop, so potentially resulting in some CPU not
been waited for shutdown before rebooting.

A tangible effect of this behaviour can be observed when, after a panic
with kexec enabled and loaded, on the following reboot triggered by kexec,
the cpu that could not be successfully stopped fails to come back online:

[  362.291022] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[  362.291525] kernel BUG at arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c:886!
[  362.292023] Internal error: Oops - BUG: 0 [#1] PREEMPT SMP
[  362.292400] Modules linked in:
[  362.292970] CPU: 3 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/3 Kdump: loaded Not tainted 5.6.0-rc4-00003-gc780b890948a #105
[  362.293136] Hardware name: Foundation-v8A (DT)
[  362.293382] pstate: 200001c5 (nzCv dAIF -PAN -UAO)
[  362.294063] pc : has_cpuid_feature+0xf0/0x348
[  362.294177] lr : verify_local_elf_hwcaps+0x84/0xe8
[  362.294280] sp : ffff800011b1bf60
[  362.294362] x29: ffff800011b1bf60 x28: 0000000000000000
[  362.294534] x27: 0000000000000000 x26: 0000000000000000
[  362.294631] x25: 0000000000000000 x24: ffff80001189a25c
[  362.294718] x23: 0000000000000000 x22: 0000000000000000
[  362.294803] x21: ffff8000114aa018 x20: ffff800011156a00
[  362.294897] x19: ffff800010c944a0 x18: 0000000000000004
[  362.294987] x17: 0000000000000000 x16: 0000000000000000
[  362.295073] x15: 00004e53b831ae3c x14: 00004e53b831ae3c
[  362.295165] x13: 0000000000000384 x12: 0000000000000000
[  362.295251] x11: 0000000000000000 x10: 00400032b5503510
[  362.295334] x9 : 0000000000000000 x8 : ffff800010c7e204
[  362.295426] x7 : 00000000410fd0f0 x6 : 0000000000000001
[  362.295508] x5 : 00000000410fd0f0 x4 : 0000000000000000
[  362.295592] x3 : 0000000000000000 x2 : ffff8000100939d8
[  362.295683] x1 : 0000000000180420 x0 : 0000000000180480
[  362.296011] Call trace:
[  362.296257]  has_cpuid_feature+0xf0/0x348
[  362.296350]  verify_local_elf_hwcaps+0x84/0xe8
[  362.296424]  check_local_cpu_capabilities+0x44/0x128
[  362.296497]  secondary_start_kernel+0xf4/0x188
[  362.296998] Code: 52805001 72a00301 6b01001f 54000ec0 (d4210000)
[  362.298652] SMP: stopping secondary CPUs
[  362.300615] Starting crashdump kernel...
[  362.301168] Bye!
[    0.000000] Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0000000003 [0x410fd0f0]
[    0.000000] Linux version 5.6.0-rc4-00003-gc780b890948a (crimar01@e120937-lin) (gcc version 8.3.0 (GNU Toolchain for the A-profile Architecture 8.3-2019.03 (arm-rel-8.36))) #105 SMP PREEMPT Fri Mar 6 17:00:42 GMT 2020
[    0.000000] Machine model: Foundation-v8A
[    0.000000] earlycon: pl11 at MMIO 0x000000001c090000 (options '')
[    0.000000] printk: bootconsole [pl11] enabled
.....
[    0.138024] rcu: Hierarchical SRCU implementation.
[    0.153472] its@2f020000: unable to locate ITS domain
[    0.154078] its@2f020000: Unable to locate ITS domain
[    0.157541] EFI services will not be available.
[    0.175395] smp: Bringing up secondary CPUs ...
[    0.209182] psci: failed to boot CPU1 (-22)
[    0.209377] CPU1: failed to boot: -22
[    0.274598] Detected PIPT I-cache on CPU2
[    0.278707] GICv3: CPU2: found redistributor 1 region 0:0x000000002f120000
[    0.285212] CPU2: Booted secondary processor 0x0000000001 [0x410fd0f0]
[    0.369053] Detected PIPT I-cache on CPU3
[    0.372947] GICv3: CPU3: found redistributor 2 region 0:0x000000002f140000
[    0.378664] CPU3: Booted secondary processor 0x0000000002 [0x410fd0f0]
[    0.401707] smp: Brought up 1 node, 3 CPUs
[    0.404057] SMP: Total of 3 processors activated.

Make crash_smp_send_stop() account also for the online status of the
calling CPU while evaluating how many CPUs are effectively online: this way
the right number of STOPs is sent and all other stopped-cores's registers
are properly saved.

Fixes: 78fd584cdec05 ("arm64: kdump: implement machine_crash_shutdown()")
Acked-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Cristian Marussi <cristian.marussi@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
---
 arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c | 8 ++++++--
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
index e4dc241c5a8e8..5407bf5d98ac5 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
@@ -1012,7 +1012,11 @@ void crash_smp_send_stop(void)
 
 	cpus_stopped = 1;
 
-	if (num_online_cpus() == 1) {
+	/*
+	 * If this cpu is the only one alive at this point in time, online or
+	 * not, there are no stop messages to be sent around, so just back out.
+	 */
+	if (num_other_online_cpus() == 0) {
 		sdei_mask_local_cpu();
 		return;
 	}
@@ -1020,7 +1024,7 @@ void crash_smp_send_stop(void)
 	cpumask_copy(&mask, cpu_online_mask);
 	cpumask_clear_cpu(smp_processor_id(), &mask);
 
-	atomic_set(&waiting_for_crash_ipi, num_online_cpus() - 1);
+	atomic_set(&waiting_for_crash_ipi, num_other_online_cpus());
 
 	pr_crit("SMP: stopping secondary CPUs\n");
 	smp_cross_call(&mask, IPI_CPU_CRASH_STOP);
-- 
2.20.1


_______________________________________________
linux-arm-kernel mailing list
linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

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     [not found] <20200326232357.7516-1-sashal@kernel.org>
2020-03-26 23:23 ` [PATCH AUTOSEL 5.5 14/28] arm64: smp: fix smp_send_stop() behaviour Sasha Levin
2020-03-26 23:23 ` [PATCH AUTOSEL 5.5 15/28] arm64: smp: fix crash_smp_send_stop() behaviour Sasha Levin

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