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From: Cristian Marussi <cristian.marussi@arm.com>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
Cc: sudeep.holla@arm.com, james.quinlan@broadcom.com,
	Jonathan.Cameron@Huawei.com, f.fainelli@gmail.com,
	etienne.carriere@linaro.org, vincent.guittot@linaro.org,
	souvik.chakravarty@arm.com, cristian.marussi@arm.com
Subject: [PATCH 3/4] firmware: arm_scmi: Introduce monotonically increasing tokens
Date: Tue, 25 May 2021 00:15:02 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210524231503.34924-4-cristian.marussi@arm.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210524231503.34924-1-cristian.marussi@arm.com>

Tokens are sequence numbers embedded in the each SCMI message header: they
are used to correlate commands with responses (and delayed responses), but
their usage and policy of selection is entirely up to the caller (usually
the OSPM agent), while they are completely opaque to the callee (SCMI
server platform) which merely copies them back from the command into the
response message header.
This also means that the platform does not, can not and should not enforce
any kind of policy on received messages depending on the contained sequence
number: platform can perfectly handle concurrent requests carrying the same
identifiying token if that should happen.

Moreover the platform is not required to produce in-order responses to
agent requests, the only constraint in these regards is that in case of
an asynchronous message the delayed response must be sent after the
immediate response for the synchronous part of the command transaction.

Currenly the SCMI stack of the OSPM agent selects as token for the
egressing commands the lowest possible number which is not already in use
by an existing in-flight transaction, which means, in other words, that
we immediately reuse any token after its transaction has completed or it
has timed out: this indeed simplifies token and associated xfer management
and lookup.

Under the above assumptions and constraints, since there is really no state
shared between the agent and the platform to let the platform know when a
token and its associated message has timed out, the current policy of early
reuse of tokens can easily lead to the situation in which a spurios or late
received response (or delayed_response), related to an old stale and timed
out transaction, can be wrongly associated to a newer valid in-flight xfer
that just happens to have reused the same token.

This misbehavior on such ghost responses is more easily exposed on those
transports that naturally have an higher level of parallelism in processing
multiple concurrent in-flight messages.

This commit introduces a new policy of selection of tokens for the OSPM
agent: each new transfer now gets the next available and monotonically
increasing token, until tokens are exhausted and the counter rolls over.

Such new policy mitigates the above issues with ghost responses since the
tokens are now reused as later as possible (when they roll back ideally)
and so it is much easier to identify ghost responses to stale timed out
transactions: this also helps in simplifying the specific transports
implementation since stale transport messages can be easily identified
and discarded early on in the rx path without the need to cross check
their actual sate with the core transport layer.
This mitigation is even more effective when, as is usual the case, the
maximum number of pending messages is capped by the platform to a much
lower value than whole possible range of tokens.(2^10)

This internal policy change in the core SCMI transport layer is fully
transparent to the specific transports so it has not and should not have
any impact on the transports implementation.

The empirically observed cost of such new procedure of token selection
amounts in the best case to ~10us out of an observed full transaction cost
of 3ms for the completion of a synchronous sensor reading command on a
platform supporting commmands completion interrupts.

Signed-off-by: Cristian Marussi <cristian.marussi@arm.com>
---
 drivers/firmware/arm_scmi/common.h |  23 +++
 drivers/firmware/arm_scmi/driver.c | 245 +++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 2 files changed, 234 insertions(+), 34 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/firmware/arm_scmi/common.h b/drivers/firmware/arm_scmi/common.h
index 4bd43863c306..aba8f1efdd2b 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/arm_scmi/common.h
+++ b/drivers/firmware/arm_scmi/common.h
@@ -14,7 +14,10 @@
 #include <linux/device.h>
 #include <linux/errno.h>
 #include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/hashtable.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
 #include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/refcount.h>
 #include <linux/scmi_protocol.h>
 #include <linux/types.h>
 
@@ -127,6 +130,21 @@ struct scmi_msg {
 	size_t len;
 };
 
+/**
+ * An helper macro to lookup an xfer from the @pending_xfers hashtable
+ * using the message sequence number token as a key.
+ */
+#define XFER_FIND(__ht, __k)					\
+({								\
+	typeof(__k) k_ = __k;					\
+	struct scmi_xfer *xfer_ = NULL;				\
+								\
+	hash_for_each_possible((__ht), xfer_, node, k_)		\
+		if (xfer_->hdr.seq == k_)			\
+			break;					\
+	 xfer_;							\
+})
+
 /**
  * struct scmi_xfer - Structure representing a message flow
  *
@@ -138,6 +156,9 @@ struct scmi_msg {
  *	buffer for the rx path as we use for the tx path.
  * @done: command message transmit completion event
  * @async_done: pointer to delayed response message received event completion
+ * @users: A refcount to track the active users for this xfer
+ * @node: An hlist_node reference used to store this xfer, alternatively, on
+ *	  the free list @free_xfers or in the @pending_xfers hashtable
  */
 struct scmi_xfer {
 	int transfer_id;
@@ -146,6 +167,8 @@ struct scmi_xfer {
 	struct scmi_msg rx;
 	struct completion done;
 	struct completion *async_done;
+	refcount_t users;
+	struct hlist_node node;
 };
 
 struct scmi_xfer_ops;
diff --git a/drivers/firmware/arm_scmi/driver.c b/drivers/firmware/arm_scmi/driver.c
index b4c69141eca1..ab975c74cab1 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/arm_scmi/driver.c
+++ b/drivers/firmware/arm_scmi/driver.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
 #include <linux/io.h>
 #include <linux/kernel.h>
 #include <linux/ktime.h>
+#include <linux/hashtable.h>
 #include <linux/list.h>
 #include <linux/module.h>
 #include <linux/of_address.h>
@@ -65,19 +66,29 @@ struct scmi_requested_dev {
 	struct list_head node;
 };
 
+#define SCMI_PENDING_XFERS_HT_ORDER_SZ	9
+
 /**
  * struct scmi_xfers_info - Structure to manage transfer information
  *
- * @xfer_block: Preallocated Message array
  * @xfer_alloc_table: Bitmap table for allocated messages.
  *	Index of this bitmap table is also used for message
  *	sequence identifier.
  * @xfer_lock: Protection for message allocation
+ * @last_token: A counter to use as base to generate for monotonically
+ *		increasing tokens.
+ * @free_xfers: A free list for available to use xfers. It is initialized with
+ *		a number of xfers equal to the maximum allowed in-flight
+ *		messages.
+ * @pending_xfers: An hashtable, indexed by msg_hdr.seq, used to keep all the
+ *		   currently in-flight messages.
  */
 struct scmi_xfers_info {
-	struct scmi_xfer *xfer_block;
 	unsigned long *xfer_alloc_table;
 	spinlock_t xfer_lock;
+	atomic_t last_token;
+	struct hlist_head free_xfers;
+	DECLARE_HASHTABLE(pending_xfers, SCMI_PENDING_XFERS_HT_ORDER_SZ);
 };
 
 /**
@@ -203,6 +214,117 @@ void *scmi_notification_instance_data_get(const struct scmi_handle *handle)
 	return info->notify_priv;
 }
 
+/**
+ * scmi_xfer_token_set  - Reserve and set new token for the xfer at hand
+ *
+ * @minfo: Pointer to Tx/Rx Message management info based on channel type
+ * @xfer: The xfer to act upon
+ *
+ * Pick the next unused monotonically increasing token and set it into
+ * xfer->hdr.seq: picking a monotonically increasing value avoids reusing
+ * immediately tokens of just completed or timed-out xfers, mitigating the risk
+ * of wrongly associating a late received answer for an expired xfer to a live
+ * in-flight transaction which happened to have reused the same token.
+ *
+ * Since platform is NOT required to answer our request in-order we should
+ * account for a few rare but possible scenarios:
+ *
+ *  - exactly 'next_token' may be NOT available so pick xfer_id >= next_token
+ *    using find_next_zero_bit() starting from candidate next_token bit
+ *
+ *  - all tokens ahead upto (MSG_TOKEN_ID_MASK - 1) are used in-flight but we
+ *    are plenty of free tokens at start, so try a second pass using
+ *    find_next_zero_bit() and starting from 0.
+ *
+ *  X = used in-flight
+ *
+ * Normal
+ * ------
+ *
+ *		|- xfer_id picked
+ *   -----------+----------------------------------------------------------
+ *   | | |X|X|X| | | | | | ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...|X|X|
+ *   ----------------------------------------------------------------------
+ *		^
+ *		|- next_token
+ *
+ * Out-of-order pending at start
+ * -----------------------------
+ *
+ *	  |- xfer_id picked, last_token fixed
+ *   -----+----------------------------------------------------------------
+ *   |X|X| | | | |X|X| ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...|X| |
+ *   ----------------------------------------------------------------------
+ *    ^
+ *    |- next_token
+ *
+ *
+ * Out-of-order pending at end
+ * ---------------------------
+ *
+ *	  |- xfer_id picked, last_token fixed
+ *   -----+----------------------------------------------------------------
+ *   |X|X| | | | |X|X| ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... |X|X|X||X|X|
+ *   ----------------------------------------------------------------------
+ *								^
+ *								|- next_token
+ *
+ * Context: Assumes to be called with @xfer_lock already acquired.
+ *
+ * Return: 0 on Success or error
+ */
+static int scmi_xfer_token_set(struct scmi_xfers_info *minfo,
+			       struct scmi_xfer *xfer)
+{
+	unsigned long xfer_id, next_token;
+
+	/* Pick a candidate monotonic token in range [0, MSG_TOKEN_MAX - 1] */
+	next_token = (atomic_inc_return(&minfo->last_token) &
+		      (MSG_TOKEN_MAX - 1));
+
+	/* Pick the next available xfer_id >= next_token */
+	xfer_id = find_next_zero_bit(minfo->xfer_alloc_table,
+				     MSG_TOKEN_MAX, next_token);
+	if (xfer_id == MSG_TOKEN_MAX) {
+		/*
+		 * After heavily out-of-order responses, there are no free
+		 * tokens ahead, but only at start of xfer_alloc_table so
+		 * try again from the beginning.
+		 */
+		xfer_id = find_next_zero_bit(minfo->xfer_alloc_table,
+					     MSG_TOKEN_MAX, 0);
+		/*
+		 * Something is wrong if we got here since there can be a
+		 * maximum number of (MSG_TOKEN_MAX - 1) in-flight messages
+		 * but we have not found any free token [0, MSG_TOKEN_MAX - 1].
+		 */
+		if (WARN_ON_ONCE(xfer_id == MSG_TOKEN_MAX))
+			return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	/* Update +/- last_token accordingly if we skept some hole */
+	if (xfer_id != next_token)
+		atomic_add((int)(xfer_id - next_token), &minfo->last_token);
+
+	/* Set in-flight */
+	set_bit(xfer_id, minfo->xfer_alloc_table);
+	xfer->hdr.seq = (u16)xfer_id;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * scmi_xfer_token_clear  - Release the token
+ *
+ * @minfo: Pointer to Tx/Rx Message management info based on channel type
+ * @xfer: The xfer to act upon
+ */
+static inline void scmi_xfer_token_clear(struct scmi_xfers_info *minfo,
+					 struct scmi_xfer *xfer)
+{
+	clear_bit(xfer->hdr.seq, minfo->xfer_alloc_table);
+}
+
 /**
  * scmi_xfer_get() - Allocate one message
  *
@@ -212,37 +334,50 @@ void *scmi_notification_instance_data_get(const struct scmi_handle *handle)
  * Helper function which is used by various message functions that are
  * exposed to clients of this driver for allocating a message traffic event.
  *
- * This function can sleep depending on pending requests already in the system
- * for the SCMI entity. Further, this also holds a spinlock to maintain
- * integrity of internal data structures.
+ * Picks an xfer from the free list @free_xfers (if any available), sets a
+ * monotonically increasing token and stores the inflight xfer into the
+ * @pending_xfers hashtable for later retrieval.
+ *
+ * The successfully initialized xfer is refcounted.
+ *
+ * Context: Holds @xfer_lock while manipulating @xfer_alloc_table and
+ *	    @free_xfers.
  *
  * Return: 0 if all went fine, else corresponding error.
  */
 static struct scmi_xfer *scmi_xfer_get(const struct scmi_handle *handle,
 				       struct scmi_xfers_info *minfo)
 {
-	u16 xfer_id;
+	int ret;
+	unsigned long flags;
 	struct scmi_xfer *xfer;
-	unsigned long flags, bit_pos;
-	struct scmi_info *info = handle_to_scmi_info(handle);
 
-	/* Keep the locked section as small as possible */
 	spin_lock_irqsave(&minfo->xfer_lock, flags);
-	bit_pos = find_first_zero_bit(minfo->xfer_alloc_table,
-				      info->desc->max_msg);
-	if (bit_pos == info->desc->max_msg) {
+	if (hlist_empty(&minfo->free_xfers)) {
 		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&minfo->xfer_lock, flags);
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 	}
-	set_bit(bit_pos, minfo->xfer_alloc_table);
-	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&minfo->xfer_lock, flags);
 
-	xfer_id = bit_pos;
+	/* grab an xfer from the free_list */
+	xfer = hlist_entry(minfo->free_xfers.first, struct scmi_xfer, node);
+	hlist_del_init(&xfer->node);
 
-	xfer = &minfo->xfer_block[xfer_id];
-	xfer->hdr.seq = xfer_id;
-	reinit_completion(&xfer->done);
-	xfer->transfer_id = atomic_inc_return(&transfer_last_id);
+	/* Pick and set monotonic token */
+	ret = scmi_xfer_token_set(minfo, xfer);
+	if (!ret) {
+		hash_add(minfo->pending_xfers, &xfer->node, xfer->hdr.seq);
+	} else {
+		dev_err(handle->dev, "Failed to get monotonic token %d\n", ret);
+		hlist_add_head(&xfer->node, &minfo->free_xfers);
+		xfer = ERR_PTR(ret);
+	}
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&minfo->xfer_lock, flags);
+
+	if (!IS_ERR(xfer)) {
+		refcount_set(&xfer->users, 1);
+		reinit_completion(&xfer->done);
+		xfer->transfer_id = atomic_inc_return(&transfer_last_id);
+	}
 
 	return xfer;
 }
@@ -253,6 +388,9 @@ static struct scmi_xfer *scmi_xfer_get(const struct scmi_handle *handle,
  * @minfo: Pointer to Tx/Rx Message management info based on channel type
  * @xfer: message that was reserved by scmi_xfer_get
  *
+ * After refcount check, possibly release an xfer, clearing the token slot,
+ * removing xfer from @pending_xfers and putting it back into free_xfers.
+ *
  * This holds a spinlock to maintain integrity of internal data structures.
  */
 static void
@@ -260,16 +398,41 @@ __scmi_xfer_put(struct scmi_xfers_info *minfo, struct scmi_xfer *xfer)
 {
 	unsigned long flags;
 
-	/*
-	 * Keep the locked section as small as possible
-	 * NOTE: we might escape with smp_mb and no lock here..
-	 * but just be conservative and symmetric.
-	 */
 	spin_lock_irqsave(&minfo->xfer_lock, flags);
-	clear_bit(xfer->hdr.seq, minfo->xfer_alloc_table);
+	if (refcount_dec_and_test(&xfer->users)) {
+		scmi_xfer_token_clear(minfo, xfer);
+		hash_del(&xfer->node);
+		hlist_add_head(&xfer->node, &minfo->free_xfers);
+	}
 	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&minfo->xfer_lock, flags);
 }
 
+/**
+ * scmi_xfer_lookup_unlocked  -  Helper to lookup an xfer_id
+ *
+ * @minfo: Pointer to Tx/Rx Message management info based on channel type
+ * @xfer_id: Token ID to lookup in @pending_xfers
+ *
+ * Refcounting is untouched.
+ *
+ * Context: Assumes to be called with @xfer_lock already acquired.
+ *
+ * Return: A valid xfer on Success or error otherwise
+ */
+static struct scmi_xfer *
+scmi_xfer_lookup_unlocked(struct scmi_xfers_info *minfo, u16 xfer_id)
+{
+	struct scmi_xfer *xfer = NULL;
+
+	if (xfer_id >= MSG_TOKEN_MAX)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	if (test_bit(xfer_id, minfo->xfer_alloc_table))
+		xfer = XFER_FIND(minfo->pending_xfers, xfer_id);
+
+	return xfer ?: ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+}
+
 static void scmi_handle_notification(struct scmi_chan_info *cinfo, u32 msg_hdr)
 {
 	struct scmi_xfer *xfer;
@@ -306,19 +469,22 @@ static void scmi_handle_notification(struct scmi_chan_info *cinfo, u32 msg_hdr)
 static void scmi_handle_response(struct scmi_chan_info *cinfo,
 				 u16 xfer_id, u8 msg_type)
 {
+	unsigned long flags;
 	struct scmi_xfer *xfer;
 	struct device *dev = cinfo->dev;
 	struct scmi_info *info = handle_to_scmi_info(cinfo->handle);
 	struct scmi_xfers_info *minfo = &info->tx_minfo;
 
 	/* Are we even expecting this? */
-	if (!test_bit(xfer_id, minfo->xfer_alloc_table)) {
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&minfo->xfer_lock, flags);
+	xfer = scmi_xfer_lookup_unlocked(minfo, xfer_id);
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&minfo->xfer_lock, flags);
+	if (IS_ERR(xfer)) {
 		dev_err(dev, "message for %d is not expected!\n", xfer_id);
 		info->desc->ops->clear_channel(cinfo);
 		return;
 	}
 
-	xfer = &minfo->xfer_block[xfer_id];
 	/*
 	 * Even if a response was indeed expected on this slot at this point,
 	 * a buggy platform could wrongly reply feeding us an unexpected
@@ -1036,18 +1202,25 @@ static int __scmi_xfer_info_init(struct scmi_info *sinfo,
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
-	info->xfer_block = devm_kcalloc(dev, desc->max_msg,
-					sizeof(*info->xfer_block), GFP_KERNEL);
-	if (!info->xfer_block)
-		return -ENOMEM;
+	hash_init(info->pending_xfers);
 
-	info->xfer_alloc_table = devm_kcalloc(dev, BITS_TO_LONGS(desc->max_msg),
+	/* Allocate a bitmask sized to hold MSG_TOKEN_MAX tokens */
+	info->xfer_alloc_table = devm_kcalloc(dev, BITS_TO_LONGS(MSG_TOKEN_MAX),
 					      sizeof(long), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!info->xfer_alloc_table)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
-	/* Pre-initialize the buffer pointer to pre-allocated buffers */
-	for (i = 0, xfer = info->xfer_block; i < desc->max_msg; i++, xfer++) {
+	/*
+	 * Preallocate a number of xfers equal to max inflight messages,
+	 * pre-initialize the buffer pointer to pre-allocated buffers and
+	 * attach all of them to the free list
+	 */
+	INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&info->free_xfers);
+	for (i = 0; i < desc->max_msg; i++) {
+		xfer = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*xfer), GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!xfer)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+
 		xfer->rx.buf = devm_kcalloc(dev, sizeof(u8), desc->max_msg_size,
 					    GFP_KERNEL);
 		if (!xfer->rx.buf)
@@ -1055,8 +1228,12 @@ static int __scmi_xfer_info_init(struct scmi_info *sinfo,
 
 		xfer->tx.buf = xfer->rx.buf;
 		init_completion(&xfer->done);
+
+		/* Add initialized xfer to the free list */
+		hlist_add_head(&xfer->node, &info->free_xfers);
 	}
 
+	atomic_set(&info->last_token, -1);
 	spin_lock_init(&info->xfer_lock);
 
 	return 0;
-- 
2.17.1


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  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-05-25  2:56 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 11+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-05-24 23:14 [PATCH 0/4] Review/Extend SCMI Transport Core layer Cristian Marussi
2021-05-24 23:15 ` [PATCH 1/4] firmware: arm_scmi: reset_rx_to_maxsz during async commands Cristian Marussi
2021-05-24 23:15 ` [PATCH 2/4] firmware: arm_scmi: Add support for type handling in common functions Cristian Marussi
2021-05-25  1:53   ` Florian Fainelli
2021-05-24 23:15 ` Cristian Marussi [this message]
2021-05-25  2:13   ` [PATCH 3/4] firmware: arm_scmi: Introduce monotonically increasing tokens Florian Fainelli
2021-05-26 14:44     ` Cristian Marussi
     [not found]   ` <CA+-6iNx-EoMUhOncrgYTxh52mW_7yjjBbfHK8mVyEY0Uw4piwg@mail.gmail.com>
2021-05-26 14:45     ` Cristian Marussi
2021-05-24 23:15 ` [PATCH 4/4] firmware: arm_scmi: Introduce delegated xfers support Cristian Marussi
2021-05-25  2:20   ` Florian Fainelli
2021-05-26 14:53     ` Cristian Marussi

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