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From: Guillaume Tucker <guillaume.tucker@collabora.com>
To: Russell King <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk>,
	Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
Cc: "kernelci-results@groups.io" <kernelci-results@groups.io>,
	Geert Uytterhoeven <geert+renesas@glider.be>,
	Nicolas Pitre <nico@fluxnic.net>,
	Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
Subject: Re: next/master bisection: baseline.login on rk3288-rock2-square
Date: Thu, 4 Feb 2021 08:43:43 +0000
Message-ID: <6c65bcef-d4e7-25fa-43cf-2c435bb61bb9@collabora.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <601b773a.1c69fb81.9f381.a32a@mx.google.com>

Hi Ard,

Please see the bisection report below about a boot failure on
rk3288 with next-20210203.  It was also bisected on
imx6q-var-dt6customboard with next-20210202.

Reports aren't automatically sent to the public while we're
trialing new bisection features on kernelci.org but this one
looks valid.

The kernel is most likely crashing very early on, so there's
nothing in the logs.  Please let us know if you need some help
with debugging or trying a fix on these platforms.

Best wishes,
Guillaume


On 04/02/2021 04:25, KernelCI bot wrote:
> * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
> * This automated bisection report was sent to you on the basis  *
> * that you may be involved with the breaking commit it has      *
> * found.  No manual investigation has been done to verify it,   *
> * and the root cause of the problem may be somewhere else.      *
> *                                                               *
> * If you do send a fix, please include this trailer:            *
> *   Reported-by: "kernelci.org bot" <bot@kernelci.org>          *
> *                                                               *
> * Hope this helps!                                              *
> * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
> 
> next/master bisection: baseline.login on rk3288-rock2-square
> 
> Summary:
>   Start:      58b6c0e507b7 Add linux-next specific files for 20210203
>   Plain log:  https://storage.kernelci.org/next/master/next-20210203/arm/multi_v7_defconfig/clang-11/lab-collabora/baseline-rk3288-rock2-square.txt
>   HTML log:   https://storage.kernelci.org/next/master/next-20210203/arm/multi_v7_defconfig/clang-11/lab-collabora/baseline-rk3288-rock2-square.html
>   Result:     5a29552af92d ARM: 9052/1: decompressor: cover BSS in cache clean and reorder with MMU disable on v7
> 
> Checks:
>   revert:     PASS
>   verify:     PASS
> 
> Parameters:
>   Tree:       next
>   URL:        https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/next/linux-next.git
>   Branch:     master
>   Target:     rk3288-rock2-square
>   CPU arch:   arm
>   Lab:        lab-collabora
>   Compiler:   clang-11
>   Config:     multi_v7_defconfig
>   Test case:  baseline.login
> 
> Breaking commit found:
> 
> -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> commit 5a29552af92dbd62c2b6fd1cddf7dad1ef7555b2
> Author: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
> Date:   Sun Jan 24 18:03:45 2021 +0100
> 
>     ARM: 9052/1: decompressor: cover BSS in cache clean and reorder with MMU disable on v7
>     
>     Commit 401b368caaec ("ARM: decompressor: switch to by-VA cache maintenance
>     for v7 cores") replaced the by-set/way cache maintenance in the decompressor
>     with by-VA cache maintenance, which is more appropriate for the task at
>     hand, especially under virtualization on hosts with non-architected system
>     caches that are not affected by by-set/way maintenance at all.
>     
>     On such systems, that commit inadvertently removed the cache clean and
>     invalidate of all of the guest's memory that is performed by KVM on behalf
>     of the guest after its MMU is disabled (but only if any by-set/way cache
>     maintenance instructions were issued first). This resulted in various
>     erroneous behaviors observed by Russell, all involving the mini-stack
>     used by the core kernel's v7 boot code, and which resides in BSS. It
>     seems intractable to figure out exactly what goes wrong in each of these
>     cases, but some small experiments did suggest that the lack of a cache
>     clean and invalidate *after* disabling the MMU and caches is what
>     triggers the errors, presumably because cachelines are being allocated
>     or reallocated while the first cache clean and invalidate is in progress.
>     
>     To ensure that no cache lines cover any of the data that is accessed by
>     the booting kernel with the MMU off, include the uncompressed kernel's
>     BSS region in the cache clean operation.
>     
>     Also, to ensure that no cachelines are allocated while the cache is being
>     cleaned, perform the cache clean operation *after* disabling the MMU and
>     caches when running on v7 or later, by making a tail call to the clean
>     routine from the cache_off routine. This requires passing the VA range
>     to cache_off(), which means some care needs to be taken to preserve
>     R0 and R1 across the call to cache_off().
>     
>     Since this makes the first cache clean redundant, call it with the
>     range reduced to zero. This only affects v7, as all other versions
>     ignore R0/R1 entirely.
>     
>     Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-arm-kernel/20210122152012.30075-1-ardb@kernel.org
>     
>     Fixes: 401b368caaec ("ARM: decompressor: switch to by-VA cache maintenance for v7 cores")
>     Reported-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk>
>     Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
>     Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk>
> 
> diff --git a/arch/arm/boot/compressed/head.S b/arch/arm/boot/compressed/head.S
> index d9cce7238a36..5f231b6f0d1a 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/boot/compressed/head.S
> +++ b/arch/arm/boot/compressed/head.S
> @@ -609,11 +609,24 @@ not_relocated:	mov	r0, #0
>  		mov	r3, r7
>  		bl	decompress_kernel
>  
> +		@
> +		@ Perform a cache clean before disabling the MMU entirely.
> +		@ In cases where the MMU needs to be disabled first (v7+),
> +		@ the clean is performed again by cache_off(), using by-VA
> +		@ operations on the range [R0, R1], making this prior call to
> +		@ cache_clean_flush() redundant. In other cases, the clean is
> +		@ performed by set/way and R0/R1 are ignored.
> +		@
> +		mov	r0, #0
> +		mov	r1, #0
> +		bl	cache_clean_flush
> +
>  		get_inflated_image_size	r1, r2, r3
> +		ldr	r2, =_kernel_bss_size
> +		add	r1, r1, r2
>  
> -		mov	r0, r4			@ start of inflated image
> -		add	r1, r1, r0		@ end of inflated image
> -		bl	cache_clean_flush
> +		mov	r0, r4			@ start of decompressed kernel
> +		add	r1, r1, r0		@ end of kernel BSS
>  		bl	cache_off
>  
>  #ifdef CONFIG_ARM_VIRT_EXT
> @@ -1124,12 +1137,14 @@ proc_types:
>   * reading the control register, but ARMv4 does.
>   *
>   * On exit,
> - *  r0, r1, r2, r3, r9, r12 corrupted
> + *  r0, r1, r2, r3, r9, r10, r11, r12 corrupted
>   * This routine must preserve:
>   *  r4, r7, r8
>   */
>  		.align	5
>  cache_off:	mov	r3, #12			@ cache_off function
> +		mov	r10, r0
> +		mov	r11, r1
>  		b	call_cache_fn
>  
>  __armv4_mpu_cache_off:
> @@ -1176,7 +1191,9 @@ __armv7_mmu_cache_off:
>  		mcr	p15, 0, r0, c7, c5, 6	@ invalidate BTC
>  		mcr	p15, 0, r0, c7, c10, 4	@ DSB
>  		mcr	p15, 0, r0, c7, c5, 4	@ ISB
> -		mov	pc, lr
> +
> +		mov	r0, r10
> +		b	__armv7_mmu_cache_flush
>  
>  /*
>   * Clean and flush the cache to maintain consistency.
> -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> 
> 
> Git bisection log:
> 
> -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> git bisect start
> # good: [62c31574cdb770c78f67e7aa6e0b0244ad122901] Merge tag 'imx-fixes-5.11-3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/shawnguo/linux into arm/fixes
> git bisect good 62c31574cdb770c78f67e7aa6e0b0244ad122901
> # bad: [58b6c0e507b7421b03b2f2a92bddbb8c6fa1b2f6] Add linux-next specific files for 20210203
> git bisect bad 58b6c0e507b7421b03b2f2a92bddbb8c6fa1b2f6
> # bad: [18c1afa6bb9b6277d20910eb7cdc5eb01d9d87f2] Merge remote-tracking branch 'net-next/master'
> git bisect bad 18c1afa6bb9b6277d20910eb7cdc5eb01d9d87f2
> # bad: [58d92989a8d24b6aaaabee52624d891b5103e04a] Merge remote-tracking branch 'parisc-hd/for-next'
> git bisect bad 58d92989a8d24b6aaaabee52624d891b5103e04a
> # bad: [b0b5c935b4dcf824ef30f6ddf719b49f729c2795] Merge remote-tracking branch 'sound-current/for-linus'
> git bisect bad b0b5c935b4dcf824ef30f6ddf719b49f729c2795
> # good: [d3921cb8be29ce5668c64e23ffdaeec5f8c69399] mm: fix initialization of struct page for holes in memory layout
> git bisect good d3921cb8be29ce5668c64e23ffdaeec5f8c69399
> # good: [c64396cc36c6e60704ab06c1fb1c4a46179c9120] Merge tag 'locking-urgent-2021-01-28' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip
> git bisect good c64396cc36c6e60704ab06c1fb1c4a46179c9120
> # good: [2ba1c4d1a4b5fb9961452286bdcad502b0c8b78a] Merge tag 'block-5.11-2021-01-29' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block
> git bisect good 2ba1c4d1a4b5fb9961452286bdcad502b0c8b78a
> # good: [88bb507a74ea7d75fa49edd421eaa710a7d80598] Merge tag 'media/v5.11-3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mchehab/linux-media
> git bisect good 88bb507a74ea7d75fa49edd421eaa710a7d80598
> # good: [2e02677e961fd4b96d8cf106b5979e6a3cdb7362] Merge tag 'for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mst/vhost
> git bisect good 2e02677e961fd4b96d8cf106b5979e6a3cdb7362
> # bad: [d3aa3465622d6d96645611b331312b773806d1a7] Merge remote-tracking branch 'arm64-fixes/for-next/fixes'
> git bisect bad d3aa3465622d6d96645611b331312b773806d1a7
> # good: [245a7d47066ac0a266004110bd4d57d0d1329823] scripts: switch some more scripts explicitly to Python 3
> git bisect good 245a7d47066ac0a266004110bd4d57d0d1329823
> # bad: [199a427c3a3da01c5db4784a75b37251e7befa64] ARM: ensure the signal page contains defined contents
> git bisect bad 199a427c3a3da01c5db4784a75b37251e7befa64
> # good: [538eea5362a1179dfa7770dd2b6607dc30cc50c6] ARM: 9043/1: tegra: Fix misplaced tegra_uart_config in decompressor
> git bisect good 538eea5362a1179dfa7770dd2b6607dc30cc50c6
> # bad: [d80cd9abcd942eb217b6c68e5bd0d5c3feb2f956] ARM: decompressor: tidy up register usage
> git bisect bad d80cd9abcd942eb217b6c68e5bd0d5c3feb2f956
> # bad: [5a29552af92dbd62c2b6fd1cddf7dad1ef7555b2] ARM: 9052/1: decompressor: cover BSS in cache clean and reorder with MMU disable on v7
> git bisect bad 5a29552af92dbd62c2b6fd1cddf7dad1ef7555b2
> # first bad commit: [5a29552af92dbd62c2b6fd1cddf7dad1ef7555b2] ARM: 9052/1: decompressor: cover BSS in cache clean and reorder with MMU disable on v7
> -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> 
> 
> -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
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Thread overview: 28+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
     [not found] <601b773a.1c69fb81.9f381.a32a@mx.google.com>
2021-02-04  8:43 ` Guillaume Tucker [this message]
2021-02-04  9:07   ` Ard Biesheuvel
2021-02-04 10:06     ` Russell King - ARM Linux admin
2021-02-04 10:27       ` Ard Biesheuvel
2021-02-04 10:33         ` Guillaume Tucker
2021-02-04 11:32           ` Guillaume Tucker
2021-02-04 11:44             ` Russell King - ARM Linux admin
2021-02-04 12:09               ` Ard Biesheuvel
2021-02-04 15:42             ` Ard Biesheuvel
2021-02-04 15:53               ` Guillaume Tucker
2021-02-04 16:01                 ` Ard Biesheuvel
2021-02-04 18:06                   ` Nick Desaulniers
2021-02-04 18:12                     ` Nathan Chancellor
2021-02-04 18:23                       ` Nick Desaulniers
2021-02-04 21:31                         ` Guillaume Tucker
2021-02-04 21:50                           ` Russell King - ARM Linux admin
2021-02-05  8:21                           ` Ard Biesheuvel
2021-02-05 12:05                             ` Ard Biesheuvel
2021-02-06 13:10                               ` Guillaume Tucker
2021-02-06 13:12                                 ` Ard Biesheuvel
2021-02-04 21:09                   ` Guillaume Tucker
2021-02-04 10:47         ` Russell King - ARM Linux admin
2021-02-04 10:55           ` Ard Biesheuvel
2021-02-04 12:26             ` Marc Zyngier
2021-02-04 14:09               ` Russell King - ARM Linux admin
2021-02-04 14:25                 ` Ard Biesheuvel
2021-02-04 14:36                   ` Russell King - ARM Linux admin
2021-02-04 15:52                     ` Ard Biesheuvel

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