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From: Jae Hyun Yoo <jae.hyun.yoo@linux.intel.com>
To: Wolfram Sang <wsa@the-dreams.de>,
	Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>,
	Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>,
	Joel Stanley <joel@jms.id.au>, Andrew Jeffery <andrew@aj.id.au>,
	linux-i2c@vger.kernel.org, openbmc@lists.ozlabs.org,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org,
	linux-aspeed@lists.ozlabs.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Vernon Mauery <vernon.mauery@linux.intel.com>,
	Jarkko Nikula <jarkko.nikula@linux.intel.com>,
	James Feist <james.feist@linux.intel.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] i2c: aspeed: Add multi-master use case support
Date: Thu, 31 Jan 2019 10:20:22 -0800
Message-ID: <c9b312af-4c0f-5629-386c-8a72bcb3c1b0@linux.intel.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190116193958.6049-1-jae.hyun.yoo@linux.intel.com>

Hi Brendan,

Can you please review this patch?

Thanks,
Jae

On 1/16/2019 11:39 AM, Jae Hyun Yoo wrote:
> In multi-master environment, this driver's master cannot know
> exactly when a peer master sends data to this driver's slave so
> cases can be happened that this master tries sending data through
> the master_xfer function but slave data from a peer master is still
> being processed or slave xfer is started by a peer immediately
> after it queues a master command. To support multi-master use cases
> properly, this H/W provides arbitration in physical level and it
> provides priority based command handling too to avoid conflicts in
> multi-master environment, means that if a master and a slave events
> happen at the same time, H/W will handle a higher priority event
> first and a pending event will be handled when bus comes back to
> the idle state.
> 
> To support this H/W feature properly, this patch adds the 'pending'
> state of master and its handling code so that the pending master
> xfer can be continued after slave operation properly.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jae Hyun Yoo <jae.hyun.yoo@linux.intel.com>
> ---
>   drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c | 118 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
>   1 file changed, 92 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c
> index 8dc9161ced38..9253ebccb008 100644
> --- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c
> +++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-aspeed.c
> @@ -117,6 +117,7 @@
>   
>   enum aspeed_i2c_master_state {
>   	ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_INACTIVE,
> +	ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_PENDING,
>   	ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_START,
>   	ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_TX_FIRST,
>   	ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_TX,
> @@ -126,12 +127,13 @@ enum aspeed_i2c_master_state {
>   };
>   
>   enum aspeed_i2c_slave_state {
> -	ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_STOP,
> +	ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_INACTIVE,
>   	ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_START,
>   	ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_READ_REQUESTED,
>   	ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_READ_PROCESSED,
>   	ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_REQUESTED,
>   	ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_RECEIVED,
> +	ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_STOP,
>   };
>   
>   struct aspeed_i2c_bus {
> @@ -156,6 +158,8 @@ struct aspeed_i2c_bus {
>   	int				cmd_err;
>   	/* Protected only by i2c_lock_bus */
>   	int				master_xfer_result;
> +	/* Multi-master */
> +	bool				multi_master;
>   #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
>   	struct i2c_client		*slave;
>   	enum aspeed_i2c_slave_state	slave_state;
> @@ -251,7 +255,7 @@ static u32 aspeed_i2c_slave_irq(struct aspeed_i2c_bus *bus, u32 irq_status)
>   	}
>   
>   	/* Slave is not currently active, irq was for someone else. */
> -	if (bus->slave_state == ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_STOP)
> +	if (bus->slave_state == ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_INACTIVE)
>   		return irq_handled;
>   
>   	dev_dbg(bus->dev, "slave irq status 0x%08x, cmd 0x%08x\n",
> @@ -277,16 +281,15 @@ static u32 aspeed_i2c_slave_irq(struct aspeed_i2c_bus *bus, u32 irq_status)
>   		irq_handled |= ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_NORMAL_STOP;
>   		bus->slave_state = ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_STOP;
>   	}
> -	if (irq_status & ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_TX_NAK) {
> +	if (irq_status & ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_TX_NAK &&
> +	    bus->slave_state == ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_READ_PROCESSED) {
>   		irq_handled |= ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_TX_NAK;
>   		bus->slave_state = ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_STOP;
>   	}
> -	if (irq_status & ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_TX_ACK)
> -		irq_handled |= ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_TX_ACK;
>   
>   	switch (bus->slave_state) {
>   	case ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_READ_REQUESTED:
> -		if (irq_status & ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_TX_ACK)
> +		if (unlikely(irq_status & ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_TX_ACK))
>   			dev_err(bus->dev, "Unexpected ACK on read request.\n");
>   		bus->slave_state = ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_READ_PROCESSED;
>   		i2c_slave_event(slave, I2C_SLAVE_READ_REQUESTED, &value);
> @@ -294,9 +297,12 @@ static u32 aspeed_i2c_slave_irq(struct aspeed_i2c_bus *bus, u32 irq_status)
>   		writel(ASPEED_I2CD_S_TX_CMD, bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_CMD_REG);
>   		break;
>   	case ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_READ_PROCESSED:
> -		if (!(irq_status & ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_TX_ACK))
> +		if (unlikely(!(irq_status & ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_TX_ACK))) {
>   			dev_err(bus->dev,
>   				"Expected ACK after processed read.\n");
> +			break;
> +		}
> +		irq_handled |= ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_TX_ACK;
>   		i2c_slave_event(slave, I2C_SLAVE_READ_PROCESSED, &value);
>   		writel(value, bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_BYTE_BUF_REG);
>   		writel(ASPEED_I2CD_S_TX_CMD, bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_CMD_REG);
> @@ -310,10 +316,15 @@ static u32 aspeed_i2c_slave_irq(struct aspeed_i2c_bus *bus, u32 irq_status)
>   		break;
>   	case ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_STOP:
>   		i2c_slave_event(slave, I2C_SLAVE_STOP, &value);
> +		bus->slave_state = ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_INACTIVE;
> +		break;
> +	case ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_START:
> +		/* Slave was just started. Waiting for the next event. */;
>   		break;
>   	default:
> -		dev_err(bus->dev, "unhandled slave_state: %d\n",
> +		dev_err(bus->dev, "unknown slave_state: %d\n",
>   			bus->slave_state);
> +		bus->slave_state = ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_INACTIVE;
>   		break;
>   	}
>   
> @@ -329,6 +340,17 @@ static void aspeed_i2c_do_start(struct aspeed_i2c_bus *bus)
>   	u8 slave_addr = i2c_8bit_addr_from_msg(msg);
>   
>   	bus->master_state = ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_START;
> +
> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
> +	/*
> +	 * If it's requested in the middle of a slave session, set the master
> +	 * state to 'pending' then H/W will continue handling this master
> +	 * command when the bus comes back to the idle state.
> +	 */
> +	if (bus->slave_state != ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_INACTIVE)
> +		bus->master_state = ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_PENDING;
> +#endif /* CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE */
> +
>   	bus->buf_index = 0;
>   
>   	if (msg->flags & I2C_M_RD) {
> @@ -384,10 +406,6 @@ static u32 aspeed_i2c_master_irq(struct aspeed_i2c_bus *bus, u32 irq_status)
>   		bus->master_state = ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_INACTIVE;
>   		irq_handled |= ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_BUS_RECOVER_DONE;
>   		goto out_complete;
> -	} else {
> -		/* Master is not currently active, irq was for someone else. */
> -		if (bus->master_state == ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_INACTIVE)
> -			goto out_no_complete;
>   	}
>   
>   	/*
> @@ -399,11 +417,32 @@ static u32 aspeed_i2c_master_irq(struct aspeed_i2c_bus *bus, u32 irq_status)
>   	if (ret) {
>   		dev_dbg(bus->dev, "received error interrupt: 0x%08x\n",
>   			irq_status);
> -		bus->cmd_err = ret;
> -		bus->master_state = ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_INACTIVE;
>   		irq_handled |= (irq_status & ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_MASTER_ERRORS);
> -		goto out_complete;
> +		if (bus->master_state != ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_INACTIVE) {
> +			bus->cmd_err = ret;
> +			bus->master_state = ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_INACTIVE;
> +			goto out_complete;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
> +	/*
> +	 * A pending master command will be started by H/W when the bus comes
> +	 * back to idle state after completing a slave operation so change the
> +	 * master state from 'pending' to 'start' at here if slave is inactive.
> +	 */
> +	if (bus->master_state == ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_PENDING) {
> +		if (bus->slave_state != ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_INACTIVE)
> +			goto out_no_complete;
> +
> +		bus->master_state = ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_START;
>   	}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE */
> +
> +	/* Master is not currently active, irq was for someone else. */
> +	if (bus->master_state == ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_INACTIVE ||
> +	    bus->master_state == ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_PENDING)
> +		goto out_no_complete;
>   
>   	/* We are in an invalid state; reset bus to a known state. */
>   	if (!bus->msgs) {
> @@ -423,6 +462,20 @@ static u32 aspeed_i2c_master_irq(struct aspeed_i2c_bus *bus, u32 irq_status)
>   	 * then update the state and handle the new state below.
>   	 */
>   	if (bus->master_state == ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_START) {
> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE)
> +		/*
> +		 * If a peer master starts a xfer immediately after it queues a
> +		 * master command, change its state to 'pending' then H/W will
> +		 * continue the queued master xfer just after completing the
> +		 * slave mode session.
> +		 */
> +		if (unlikely(irq_status & ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_SLAVE_MATCH)) {
> +			bus->master_state = ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_PENDING;
> +			dev_dbg(bus->dev,
> +				"master goes pending due to a slave start\n");
> +			goto out_no_complete;
> +		}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_I2C_SLAVE */
>   		if (unlikely(!(irq_status & ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_TX_ACK))) {
>   			if (unlikely(!(irq_status & ASPEED_I2CD_INTR_TX_NAK))) {
>   				bus->cmd_err = -ENXIO;
> @@ -566,7 +619,8 @@ static irqreturn_t aspeed_i2c_bus_irq(int irq, void *dev_id)
>   	 * interrupt bits. Each case needs to be handled using corresponding
>   	 * handlers depending on the current state.
>   	 */
> -	if (bus->master_state != ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_INACTIVE) {
> +	if (bus->master_state != ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_INACTIVE &&
> +	    bus->master_state != ASPEED_I2C_MASTER_PENDING) {
>   		irq_handled = aspeed_i2c_master_irq(bus, irq_remaining);
>   		irq_remaining &= ~irq_handled;
>   		if (irq_remaining)
> @@ -601,15 +655,15 @@ static int aspeed_i2c_master_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adap,
>   {
>   	struct aspeed_i2c_bus *bus = i2c_get_adapdata(adap);
>   	unsigned long time_left, flags;
> -	int ret = 0;
> +	int ret;
>   
>   	spin_lock_irqsave(&bus->lock, flags);
>   	bus->cmd_err = 0;
>   
> -	/* If bus is busy, attempt recovery. We assume a single master
> -	 * environment.
> -	 */
> -	if (readl(bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_CMD_REG) & ASPEED_I2CD_BUS_BUSY_STS) {
> +	/* If bus is busy in a single master environment, attempt recovery. */
> +	if (!bus->multi_master &&
> +	    (readl(bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_CMD_REG) &
> +	     ASPEED_I2CD_BUS_BUSY_STS)) {
>   		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&bus->lock, flags);
>   		ret = aspeed_i2c_recover_bus(bus);
>   		if (ret)
> @@ -629,10 +683,20 @@ static int aspeed_i2c_master_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adap,
>   	time_left = wait_for_completion_timeout(&bus->cmd_complete,
>   						bus->adap.timeout);
>   
> -	if (time_left == 0)
> +	if (time_left == 0) {
> +		/*
> +		 * If timed out and bus is still busy in a multi master
> +		 * environment, attempt recovery at here.
> +		 */
> +		if (bus->multi_master &&
> +		    (readl(bus->base + ASPEED_I2C_CMD_REG) &
> +		     ASPEED_I2CD_BUS_BUSY_STS))
> +			ret = aspeed_i2c_recover_bus(bus);
> +
>   		return -ETIMEDOUT;
> -	else
> -		return bus->master_xfer_result;
> +	}
> +
> +	return bus->master_xfer_result;
>   }
>   
>   static u32 aspeed_i2c_functionality(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
> @@ -672,7 +736,7 @@ static int aspeed_i2c_reg_slave(struct i2c_client *client)
>   	__aspeed_i2c_reg_slave(bus, client->addr);
>   
>   	bus->slave = client;
> -	bus->slave_state = ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_STOP;
> +	bus->slave_state = ASPEED_I2C_SLAVE_INACTIVE;
>   	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&bus->lock, flags);
>   
>   	return 0;
> @@ -827,7 +891,9 @@ static int aspeed_i2c_init(struct aspeed_i2c_bus *bus,
>   	if (ret < 0)
>   		return ret;
>   
> -	if (!of_property_read_bool(pdev->dev.of_node, "multi-master"))
> +	if (of_property_read_bool(pdev->dev.of_node, "multi-master"))
> +		bus->multi_master = true;
> +	else
>   		fun_ctrl_reg |= ASPEED_I2CD_MULTI_MASTER_DIS;
>   
>   	/* Enable Master Mode */
> 

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Thread overview: 7+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-01-16 19:39 Jae Hyun Yoo
2019-01-31 18:20 ` Jae Hyun Yoo [this message]
2019-02-07 19:48 ` Brendan Higgins
2019-02-08 21:48 ` Wolfram Sang
2019-02-11 18:09   ` Jae Hyun Yoo
2019-02-11 18:16     ` Wolfram Sang
2019-02-11 18:29       ` Jae Hyun Yoo

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