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From: Douglas Anderson <>
To: Andrzej Hajda <>,
	Neil Armstrong <>,
	Laurent Pinchart <>,
	Jonas Karlman <>,
	Jernej Skrabec <>,
	Sam Ravnborg <>
Cc: Stephen Boyd <>,,,
	Douglas Anderson <>,
	Daniel Vetter <>, David Airlie <>,,
Subject: [PATCH 3/3] drm/bridge: ti-sn65dsi86: Properly get the EDID, but only if refclk
Date: Thu,  4 Mar 2021 15:52:01 -0800
Message-ID: <20210304155144.3.I60a7fb23ce4589006bc95c64ab8d15c74b876e68@changeid> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210304155144.1.Ic9c04f960190faad5290738b2a35d73661862735@changeid>

In commit 58074b08c04a ("drm/bridge: ti-sn65dsi86: Read EDID blob over
DDC") we attempted to make the ti-sn65dsi86 bridge properly read the
EDID from the panel. That commit kinda worked but it had some serious

The problems all stem from the fact that userspace wants to be able to
read the EDID before it explicitly enables the panel. For eDP panels,
though, we don't actually power the panel up until the pre-enable
stage and the pre-enable call happens right before the enable call
with no way to interject in-between. For eDP panels, you can't read
the EDID until you power the panel. The result was that
ti_sn_bridge_connector_get_modes() was always failing to read the EDID
(falling back to what drm_panel_get_modes() returned) until _after_
the EDID was needed.

To make it concrete, on my system I saw this happen:
1. We'd attach the bridge.
2. Userspace would ask for the EDID (several times). We'd try but fail
   to read the EDID over and over again and fall back to the hardcoded
3. Userspace would decide on a mode based only on the hardcoded modes.
4. Userspace would ask to turn the panel on.
5. Userspace would (eventually) check the modes again (in Chrome OS
   this happens on the handoff from the boot splash screen to the
   browser). Now we'd read them properly and, if they were different,
   userspace would request to change the mode.

The fact that userspace would always end up using the hardcoded modes
at first significantly decreases the benefit of the EDID
reading. Also: if the modes were even a tiny bit different we'd end up
doing a wasteful modeset and at boot.

As a side note: at least early EDID read failures were relatively
fast. Though the old ti_sn_bridge_connector_get_modes() did call
pm_runtime_get_sync() it didn't program the important "HPD_DISABLE"
bit. That meant that all the AUX transfers failed pretty quickly.

In any case, enough about the problem. How are we fixing it? Obviously
we need to power the panel on _before_ reading the EDID, but how? It
turns out that there's really no problem with just doing all the work
of our pre_enable() function right at attach time and reading the EDID
right away. We'll do that. It's not as easy as it sounds, though,

1. Powering the panel up and down is a pretty expensive operation. Not
   only do we need to wait for the HPD line which seems to take up to
   200 ms on most panels, but also most panels say that once you power
   them off you need to wait at least 500 ms before powering them on
   again. We really don't want to incur 700 ms of time here.

2. If we happen not to have a fixed "refclk" we've got a
   chicken-and-egg problem. We seem to need the clock setup to read
   the EDID. Without a fixed "refclk", though, the bridge runs with
   the MIPI pixel clock which means you've got to use a hardcoded mode
   for the MIPI pixel clock.

We'll solve problem #1 above by leaving the panel powered on for a
little while after we read the EDID. If enough time passes and nobody
turns the panel on then we'll undo our work. NOTE: there are no
functional problems if someone turns the panel on after a long delay,
it just might take a little longer to turn on.

We'll solve problem #2 by simply _always_ using a hardcoded mode (not
reading the EDID) if a "refclk" wasn't provided. While it might be
possible to fudge something together to support this, it's my belief
that nobody is using this mode in real life since it's really
inflexible. I saw it used for some really early prototype hardware
that was thrown in the e-waste bin years ago when we realized how
inflexible it was. In any case, if someone is using this they're in no
worse shape than they were before the (fairly recent) commit
58074b08c04a ("drm/bridge: ti-sn65dsi86: Read EDID blob over DDC").

NOTE: while this patch feels a bit hackish, I'm not sure there's much
we can do better without a more fundamental DRM API change. After
looking at it a bunch, it also doesn't feel as hacky to me as I first
thought. The things that pre-enable does are well defined and well
understood and there should be no problems with doing them early nor
with doing them before userspace requests anything.

Fixes: 58074b08c04a ("drm/bridge: ti-sn65dsi86: Read EDID blob over DDC")
Signed-off-by: Douglas Anderson <>

 drivers/gpu/drm/bridge/ti-sn65dsi86.c | 98 ++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 88 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/bridge/ti-sn65dsi86.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/bridge/ti-sn65dsi86.c
index 491c9c4f32d1..af3fb4657af6 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/bridge/ti-sn65dsi86.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/bridge/ti-sn65dsi86.c
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
 #include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
 #include <linux/regmap.h>
 #include <linux/regulator/consumer.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
 #include <asm/unaligned.h>
@@ -130,6 +131,12 @@
  * @ln_assign:    Value to program to the LN_ASSIGN register.
  * @ln_polrs:     Value for the 4-bit LN_POLRS field of SN_ENH_FRAME_REG.
+ * @pre_enabled_early: If true we did an early pre_enable at attach.
+ * @pre_enable_timeout_work: Delayed work to undo the pre_enable from attach
+ *                           if a normal pre_enable never came.
+ * @pre_enable_mutex: Lock to synchronize between the pre_enable_timeout_work
+ *                    and normal mechanisms.
+ *
  * @gchip:        If we expose our GPIOs, this is used.
  * @gchip_output: A cache of whether we've set GPIOs to output.  This
  *                serves double-duty of keeping track of the direction and
@@ -158,6 +165,10 @@ struct ti_sn_bridge {
 	u8				ln_assign;
 	u8				ln_polrs;
+	bool				pre_enabled_early;
+	struct delayed_work		pre_enable_timeout_work;
+	struct mutex			pre_enable_mutex;
 #if defined(CONFIG_OF_GPIO)
 	struct gpio_chip		gchip;
@@ -272,12 +283,6 @@ static int ti_sn_bridge_connector_get_modes(struct drm_connector *connector)
 	struct edid *edid = pdata->edid;
 	int num, ret;
-	if (!edid) {
-		pm_runtime_get_sync(pdata->dev);
-		edid = pdata->edid = drm_get_edid(connector, &pdata->aux.ddc);
-		pm_runtime_put(pdata->dev);
-	}
 	if (edid && drm_edid_is_valid(edid)) {
 		ret = drm_connector_update_edid_property(connector, edid);
 		if (!ret) {
@@ -412,10 +417,8 @@ static void ti_sn_bridge_post_disable(struct drm_bridge *bridge)
-static void ti_sn_bridge_pre_enable(struct drm_bridge *bridge)
+static void __ti_sn_bridge_pre_enable(struct ti_sn_bridge *pdata)
-	struct ti_sn_bridge *pdata = bridge_to_ti_sn_bridge(bridge);
 	/* configure bridge ref_clk */
@@ -443,6 +446,38 @@ static void ti_sn_bridge_pre_enable(struct drm_bridge *bridge)
+static void ti_sn_bridge_pre_enable(struct drm_bridge *bridge)
+	struct ti_sn_bridge *pdata = bridge_to_ti_sn_bridge(bridge);
+	mutex_lock(&pdata->pre_enable_mutex);
+	if (pdata->pre_enabled_early)
+		/* Already done! Just mark that normal pre_enable happened */
+		pdata->pre_enabled_early = false;
+	else
+		__ti_sn_bridge_pre_enable(pdata);
+	mutex_unlock(&pdata->pre_enable_mutex);
+static void ti_sn_bridge_cancel_early_pre_enable(struct ti_sn_bridge *pdata)
+	mutex_lock(&pdata->pre_enable_mutex);
+	if (pdata->pre_enabled_early) {
+		pdata->pre_enabled_early = false;
+		ti_sn_bridge_post_disable(&pdata->bridge);
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&pdata->pre_enable_mutex);
+static void ti_sn_bridge_pre_enable_timeout(struct work_struct *work)
+	struct delayed_work *dwork = to_delayed_work(work);
+	struct ti_sn_bridge *pdata = container_of(dwork, struct ti_sn_bridge,
+						  pre_enable_timeout_work);
+	ti_sn_bridge_cancel_early_pre_enable(pdata);
 static int ti_sn_bridge_attach(struct drm_bridge *bridge,
 			       enum drm_bridge_attach_flags flags)
@@ -516,6 +551,34 @@ static int ti_sn_bridge_attach(struct drm_bridge *bridge,
 	pdata->dsi = dsi;
+	/*
+	 * If we have a refclk then we can support dynamic EDID.
+	 *
+	 * A few notes:
+	 * - From trial and error it appears that we need our clock setup in
+	 *   order to read the EDID. If we don't have refclk then we
+	 *   (presumably) need the MIPI clock on, but turning that on implies
+	 *   knowing the pixel clock / not needing the EDID. Maybe we could
+	 *   futz this if necessary, but for now we won't.
+	 * - In order to read the EDID we need power on to the bridge and
+	 *   the panel (and it has to finish booting up / assert HPD). This
+	 *   is slow so we leave the panel powered when we're done but setup a
+	 *   timeout so we don't leave it on forever.
+	 * - The rest of Linux assumes that it can read the EDID without
+	 *   (explicitly) enabling the power which is why this somewhat awkward
+	 *   step is needed.
+	 */
+	if (pdata->refclk) {
+		mutex_lock(&pdata->pre_enable_mutex);
+		pdata->pre_enabled_early = true;
+		__ti_sn_bridge_pre_enable(pdata);
+		pdata->edid = drm_get_edid(&pdata->connector, &pdata->aux.ddc);
+		schedule_delayed_work(&pdata->pre_enable_timeout_work, 30 * HZ);
+		mutex_unlock(&pdata->pre_enable_mutex);
+	}
 	return 0;
@@ -525,6 +588,17 @@ static int ti_sn_bridge_attach(struct drm_bridge *bridge,
 	return ret;
+static void ti_sn_bridge_detach(struct drm_bridge *bridge)
+	struct ti_sn_bridge *pdata = bridge_to_ti_sn_bridge(bridge);
+	cancel_delayed_work_sync(&pdata->pre_enable_timeout_work);
+	ti_sn_bridge_cancel_early_pre_enable(pdata);
+	kfree(pdata->edid);
+	pdata->edid = NULL;
 static void ti_sn_bridge_disable(struct drm_bridge *bridge)
 	struct ti_sn_bridge *pdata = bridge_to_ti_sn_bridge(bridge);
@@ -863,6 +937,7 @@ static void ti_sn_bridge_enable(struct drm_bridge *bridge)
 static const struct drm_bridge_funcs ti_sn_bridge_funcs = {
 	.attach = ti_sn_bridge_attach,
+	.detach = ti_sn_bridge_detach,
 	.pre_enable = ti_sn_bridge_pre_enable,
 	.enable = ti_sn_bridge_enable,
 	.disable = ti_sn_bridge_disable,
@@ -1227,6 +1302,10 @@ static int ti_sn_bridge_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
 	if (!pdata)
 		return -ENOMEM;
+	mutex_init(&pdata->pre_enable_mutex);
+	INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&pdata->pre_enable_timeout_work,
+			  ti_sn_bridge_pre_enable_timeout);
 	pdata->regmap = devm_regmap_init_i2c(client,
 	if (IS_ERR(pdata->regmap)) {
@@ -1301,7 +1380,6 @@ static int ti_sn_bridge_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
 	if (!pdata)
 		return -EINVAL;
-	kfree(pdata->edid);

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 20+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-03-04 23:51 [PATCH 1/3] drm/bridge: ti-sn65dsi86: Simplify refclk handling Douglas Anderson
2021-03-04 23:52 ` [PATCH 2/3] drm/bridge: ti-sn65dsi86: Move code in prep for EDID read fix Douglas Anderson
2021-03-05 10:07   ` Robert Foss
2021-03-12  2:50   ` Bjorn Andersson
2021-03-13 20:25   ` Stephen Boyd
2021-03-13 21:12   ` Laurent Pinchart
2021-03-15 16:31     ` Doug Anderson
2021-03-15 16:41       ` Laurent Pinchart
2021-03-04 23:52 ` Douglas Anderson [this message]
2021-03-12  2:59   ` [PATCH 3/3] drm/bridge: ti-sn65dsi86: Properly get the EDID, but only if refclk Bjorn Andersson
2021-03-13 21:16   ` Laurent Pinchart
2021-03-15 16:25     ` Doug Anderson
2021-03-16 21:46       ` Laurent Pinchart
2021-03-17  0:44         ` Doug Anderson
2021-03-30  2:57           ` Doug Anderson
2021-03-30  3:19             ` Laurent Pinchart
2021-03-05 10:00 ` [PATCH 1/3] drm/bridge: ti-sn65dsi86: Simplify refclk handling Robert Foss
2021-03-12  2:49 ` Bjorn Andersson
2021-03-13 20:23 ` Stephen Boyd
2021-03-13 21:02 ` Laurent Pinchart

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