Linux-Block Archive on lore.kernel.org
 help / color / Atom feed
From: Satya Tangirala <satyat@google.com>
To: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@kernel.org>
Cc: linux-block@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	dm-devel@redhat.com, Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>,
	Alasdair Kergon <agk@redhat.com>,
	Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 3/4] dm: add support for passing through inline crypto support
Date: Thu, 29 Oct 2020 04:44:10 +0000
Message-ID: <20201029044410.GA1162579@google.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20201028001731.GA2578048@gmail.com>

On Tue, Oct 27, 2020 at 05:17:31PM -0700, Eric Biggers wrote:
> On Tue, Oct 27, 2020 at 11:58:47PM +0000, Satya Tangirala wrote:
> > > > +/**
> > > > + * blk_ksm_update_capabilities() - Update the restrictions of a KSM to those of
> > > > + *				   another KSM
> > > > + * @target_ksm: The KSM whose restrictions to update.
> > > > + * @reference_ksm: The KSM to whose restrictions this function will update
> > > > + *		   @target_ksm's restrictions to,
> > > > + */
> > > > +void blk_ksm_update_capabilities(struct blk_keyslot_manager *target_ksm,
> > > > +				 struct blk_keyslot_manager *reference_ksm)
> > > > +{
> > > > +	memcpy(target_ksm->crypto_modes_supported,
> > > > +	       reference_ksm->crypto_modes_supported,
> > > > +	       sizeof(target_ksm->crypto_modes_supported));
> > > > +
> > > > +	target_ksm->max_dun_bytes_supported =
> > > > +				reference_ksm->max_dun_bytes_supported;
> > > > +}
> > > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_ksm_update_capabilities);
> > > 
> > > Wouldn't it be easier to replace the original blk_keyslot_manager, rather than
> > > modify it?  Then blk_ksm_update_capabilities() wouldn't be needed.
> > > 
> > I didn't want to replace the original blk_keyslot_manager because it's
> > possible that e.g. fscrypt is checking for crypto capabilities support
> > via blk_ksm_crypto_cfg_supported() when DM wants to replace the
> > blk_keyslot_manager. DM would have to free the memory used by the
> > blk_keyslot_manager, but blk_ksm_crypto_cfg_supported() might still
> > be trying to access that memory. I did it this way to avoid having to
> > add refcounts or something else to the blk_keyslot_manager...(And I
> > didn't bother adding any synchronization code since the capabilities
> > only ever expand, and never contract).
> 
> Are you sure that's possible?  That would imply that there is no synchronization
> between limits/capabilities in the request_queue being changed and the
> request_queue being used.  That's already buggy.  Maybe it's the sort of thing
> that is gotten away with in practice, in which case avoiding a free() would
> indeed be a good idea, but it's worth explicitly clarifying whether all this
> code is indeed racy by design...
> 
I tried checking if the two code regions are reachable at the same time
(by adding some hacky code in the middle of
blk_ksm_crypto_cfg_supported() to loop indefinitely until a certain flag
is set at the end of dm_update_keyslot_manager(), which is right after
where we'd free the old ksm when the table is swapped), and it turns out
the two regions really *can* run at the same time. Otoh, I'd imagine
dm_stop_queue() might synchronize the limits in the request_queue(), but
that's only called on request based DM devices...tl;dr I don't know if
changing limits in the request_queue is racy, but checking for crypto
capabilities is.

In case you're interested, here's the hack I used to test that

diff --git a/block/keyslot-manager.c b/block/keyslot-manager.c
index e16e4a074765..918bdd58e6b2 100644
--- a/block/keyslot-manager.c
+++ b/block/keyslot-manager.c
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@
 #include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
 #include <linux/wait.h>
 #include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
 
 struct blk_ksm_keyslot {
 	atomic_t slot_refs;
@@ -284,6 +285,7 @@ void blk_ksm_put_slot(struct blk_ksm_keyslot *slot)
 	}
 }
 
+volatile int my_inline_var = 0;
 /**
  * blk_ksm_crypto_cfg_supported() - Find out if a crypto configuration is
  *				    supported by a ksm.
@@ -297,8 +299,18 @@ void blk_ksm_put_slot(struct blk_ksm_keyslot *slot)
 bool blk_ksm_crypto_cfg_supported(struct blk_keyslot_manager *ksm,
 				  const struct blk_crypto_config *cfg)
 {
+	int mtmp = 0;
+
 	if (!ksm)
 		return false;
+	if (my_inline_var == 0)
+		my_inline_var = 1;
+	while (my_inline_var != 3) {
+		if (mtmp % 10 == 0)
+			printk("In blk_ksm_crypto supported! %d", my_inline_var);
+		mtmp++;
+		msleep(500);
+	}
 	if (!(ksm->crypto_modes_supported[cfg->crypto_mode] &
 	      cfg->data_unit_size))
 		return false;
diff --git a/drivers/block/loop.c b/drivers/block/loop.c
index cb1191d6e945..c6733de1388c 100644
--- a/drivers/block/loop.c
+++ b/drivers/block/loop.c
@@ -2141,6 +2141,14 @@ static int loop_add(struct loop_device **l, int i)
 	if (!disk)
 		goto out_free_queue;
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION
+	blk_ksm_init_passthrough(&lo->ksm);
+	lo->ksm.max_dun_bytes_supported = 16;
+	lo->ksm.crypto_modes_supported[BLK_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_XTS] = 0xFFFFFFFF;
+	lo->ksm.crypto_modes_supported[BLK_ENCRYPTION_MODE_ADIANTUM] = 0xFFFFFFFF;
+	blk_ksm_register(&lo->ksm, lo->lo_queue);
+#endif
+
 	/*
 	 * Disable partition scanning by default. The in-kernel partition
 	 * scanning can be requested individually per-device during its
diff --git a/drivers/block/loop.h b/drivers/block/loop.h
index af75a5ee4094..4fc9aa9cab94 100644
--- a/drivers/block/loop.h
+++ b/drivers/block/loop.h
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
 #include <linux/bio.h>
 #include <linux/blkdev.h>
 #include <linux/blk-mq.h>
+#include <linux/keyslot-manager.h>
 #include <linux/spinlock.h>
 #include <linux/mutex.h>
 #include <linux/kthread.h>
@@ -62,6 +63,9 @@ struct loop_device {
 	struct request_queue	*lo_queue;
 	struct blk_mq_tag_set	tag_set;
 	struct gendisk		*lo_disk;
+#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION
+	struct blk_keyslot_manager	ksm;
+#endif
 };
 
 struct loop_cmd {
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm.c b/drivers/md/dm.c
index 22bb2c90583d..165521d1ade2 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm.c
@@ -2087,7 +2087,7 @@ int dm_verify_inline_encryption(struct mapped_device *md, struct dm_table *t)
 
 	return 0;
 }
-
+extern volatile int my_inline_var;
 static void dm_update_keyslot_manager(struct mapped_device *md,
 				      struct blk_keyslot_manager *ksm)
 {
@@ -2125,6 +2125,11 @@ static void dm_update_keyslot_manager(struct mapped_device *md,
 		blk_ksm_update_capabilities(md->queue->ksm, ksm);
 		blk_ksm_destroy(ksm);
 	}
+	printk("update KSM!");
+	if (my_inline_var == 2) {
+		printk("Update to 3 in ksm update");
+		my_inline_var = 3;
+	}
 }
 
 static void dm_destroy_inline_encryption(struct mapped_device *md)
@@ -2213,6 +2218,11 @@ static struct dm_table *__bind(struct mapped_device *md, struct dm_table *t,
 		goto out;
 	}
 
+	if (my_inline_var == 1) {
+		printk("Update to 2 in bind");
+		my_inline_var = 2;
+	}
+
 	dm_update_keyslot_manager(md, ksm);
 
 	old_map = rcu_dereference_protected(md->map, lockdep_is_held(&md->suspend_lock));

Using that patch, I
1) set up a loopback device on a file
2) set up a dm-linear device (dm-0) on that loopback device
3) suspended dm-0
4) loaded a new table to dm-0 (I just used the same table as the existing
   table)
5) tried to read an encrypted file from dm-0 in the background (which
   promptly started printing out "In blk_ksm_crypto supported! 1" every
   5s)
6) resumed dm-0, which causes the "new" table to be swapped in, and sets
   my_inline_var to 3, which eventually results in the read in step 5
   to run to completion.

> > > > diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-ioctl.c b/drivers/md/dm-ioctl.c
> > > > index cd0478d44058..2b3efa9f9fae 100644
> > > > --- a/drivers/md/dm-ioctl.c
> > > > +++ b/drivers/md/dm-ioctl.c
> > > > @@ -1358,6 +1358,10 @@ static int table_load(struct file *filp, struct dm_ioctl *param, size_t param_si
> > > >  		goto err_unlock_md_type;
> > > >  	}
> > > >  
> > > > +	r = dm_verify_inline_encryption(md, t);
> > > > +	if (r)
> > > > +		goto err_unlock_md_type;
> > > > +
> > > >  	if (dm_get_md_type(md) == DM_TYPE_NONE) {
> > > >  		/* Initial table load: acquire type of table. */
> > > >  		dm_set_md_type(md, dm_table_get_type(t));
> > > > @@ -2114,6 +2118,10 @@ int __init dm_early_create(struct dm_ioctl *dmi,
> > > >  	if (r)
> > > >  		goto err_destroy_table;
> > > >  
> > > > +	r = dm_verify_inline_encryption(md, t);
> > > > +	if (r)
> > > > +		goto err_destroy_table;
> > > > +
> > > >  	md->type = dm_table_get_type(t);
> > > >  	/* setup md->queue to reflect md's type (may block) */
> > > >  	r = dm_setup_md_queue(md, t);
> > > 
> > > Both table_load() and dm_early_create() call dm_setup_md_queue().  Wouldn't it
> > > be simpler to handle inline encryption in dm_setup_md_queue(), instead of doing
> > > it in both table_load() and dm_early_create()?
> > > 
> > table_load() only calls dm_setup_md_queue() on initial table load (when
> > the md_type is DM_TYPE_NONE), so I can't call
> > dm_verify_inline_encryption() in only dm_setup_md_queue(), because
> > dm_verify_inline_encryption() needs to run on every table load.
> 
> Where do all the other limitations and capabilities of the request_queue get
> updated on non-initial table loads, then?
> 
I don't think they get updated on non-initial table loads at all - they
only get updated on table swaps. Integrity is, however, an exception -
it gets updated on table loads, and verified on table swaps (and if
verification fails during the swap, it removes the integrity profile
entirely).
> > > > +/**
> > > > + * dm_verify_inline_encryption() - Verifies that the current keyslot manager of
> > > > + *				   the mapped_device can be replaced by the
> > > > + *				   keyslot manager of a given dm_table.
> > > > + * @md: The mapped_device
> > > > + * @t: The dm_table
> > > > + *
> > > > + * In particular, this function checks that the keyslot manager that will be
> > > > + * constructed for the dm_table will support a superset of the capabilities that
> > > > + * the current keyslot manager of the mapped_device supports.
> > > > + *
> > > > + * Return: 0 if the table's keyslot_manager can replace the current keyslot
> > > > + *	   manager of the mapped_device. Negative value otherwise.
> > > > + */
> > > > +int dm_verify_inline_encryption(struct mapped_device *md, struct dm_table *t)
> > > > +{
> > > > +	struct blk_keyslot_manager *ksm = dm_init_inline_encryption(md, t);
> > > > +
> > > > +	if (IS_ERR(ksm))
> > > > +		return PTR_ERR(ksm);
> > > > +	blk_ksm_destroy(ksm);
> > > > +
> > > > +	return 0;
> > > > +}
> > > 
> > > This function seems redundant with dm_init_inline_encryption().  Wouldn't it be
> > > simpler to do:
> > > 
> > > - dm_setup_md_queue() and dm_swap_table() call dm_init_inline_encryption() after
> > >   dm_calculate_queue_limits().
> > > 
> > > - ksm gets passed to dm_table_set_restrictions(), which calls
> > >   dm_update_keyslot_manager() (maybe rename to dm_update_inline_encryption()?)
> > >   to actually set q->ksm.
> > > 
> > > That way, the crypto capabilities would be handled similarly to how the
> > > queue_limits are already handled.
> > > 
> > If we call it from dm_swap_table(), we could have it pass the returned
> > ksm to __bind(), either as a new argument, or by adding the ksm to the
> > queue_limits (I'll have to check if that's ok/a good idea in the first
> > place), and __bind() could send the argument to
> > dm_table_set_restrictions()
> > 
> > But the real issue is, I think we should check whether a new table is
> > valid (from the ksm capabilities support perspective) at the time that
> > table is loaded (as opposed to only checking it when DM attempts to swap
> > it in, which might be a lot later, when the user resumes the device) - so
> > I can't only call it from dm_setup_md_queue(), and I'd have to call it
> > from table_load() anyway. And the returned ksm that table_load() obtains
> > from dm_init_inline_encryption() can't really be used - because
> > 1) the ksm constructed at dm_swap_table() might actually support more
> > capabilities than the ksm constructed in table_load(), because
> > underlying devices might get resumed, and have new tables swapped in,
> > and might support more capabilities than before
> > 2) a subsequent dm_swap_table() call could fail for whatever reason, and
> > we'll need to revert to the current ksm.
> > 
> > What I'm doing right now is simply freeing the ksm returned by
> > dm_init_inline_encryption() whenever it's called from table_load()
> > (and I'm trying to make that process a little nicer by wrapping it in a
> > function called dm_verify_inline_encryption()) - so if we're going to
> > have to call dm_init_inline_encryption() and then freeing the returned
> > ksm in table_load(), I think it might be better to continue to have
> > dm_verify_inline_encryption(), unless you'd prefer just open coding the
> > function directly.
> 
> I don't understand why this needs to be so complicated.  Doesn't the dm layer
> have the same problem for all the other queue limits and capabilities?  What
> makes inline encryption different?
> 
It's this complicated only because I wanted to verify whether the inline
crypto capabilities of the new table are acceptable at table load time,
rather than throwing an error only at table swap time. If we decide
it's alright to throw an error only at table swap time, then
dm_verify_inline_encryption() can go away completely, and we won't need
the code in table_load() and dm_early_create() that calls that
function.
> - Eric

  reply index

Thread overview: 18+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-10-15 21:46 [PATCH v2 0/4] add support for inline encryption to device mapper Satya Tangirala
2020-10-15 21:46 ` [PATCH v2 1/4] block: keyslot-manager: Introduce passthrough keyslot manager Satya Tangirala
2020-10-16  7:20   ` Christoph Hellwig
2020-10-21  4:44     ` Eric Biggers
2020-10-21  5:27       ` Satya Tangirala
2020-10-27 20:04   ` Eric Biggers
2020-10-15 21:46 ` [PATCH v2 2/4] block: add private field to struct keyslot_manager Satya Tangirala
2020-10-16  7:19   ` Christoph Hellwig
2020-10-16  8:39     ` Satya Tangirala
2020-10-15 21:46 ` [PATCH v2 3/4] dm: add support for passing through inline crypto support Satya Tangirala
2020-10-25 21:02   ` kernel test robot
2020-10-25 21:02   ` [PATCH] dm: fix err_cast.cocci warnings kernel test robot
2020-10-27 21:31   ` [PATCH v2 3/4] dm: add support for passing through inline crypto support Eric Biggers
2020-10-27 23:58     ` Satya Tangirala
2020-10-28  0:17       ` Eric Biggers
2020-10-29  4:44         ` Satya Tangirala [this message]
2020-10-15 21:46 ` [PATCH v2 4/4] dm: enable may_passthrough_inline_crypto on some targets Satya Tangirala
2020-10-27 21:10   ` Eric Biggers

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=20201029044410.GA1162579@google.com \
    --to=satyat@google.com \
    --cc=agk@redhat.com \
    --cc=axboe@kernel.dk \
    --cc=dm-devel@redhat.com \
    --cc=ebiggers@kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-block@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=snitzer@redhat.com \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

Linux-Block Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/linux-block/0 linux-block/git/0.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 linux-block linux-block/ https://lore.kernel.org/linux-block \
		linux-block@vger.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index linux-block

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.kernel.vger.linux-block


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git