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* [PATCH] Bluetooth: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array
@ 2020-05-07 18:50 Gustavo A. R. Silva
  2020-05-13  7:30 ` Marcel Holtmann
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: Gustavo A. R. Silva @ 2020-05-07 18:50 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Marcel Holtmann, Johan Hedberg; +Cc: linux-bluetooth, linux-kernel

The current codebase makes use of the zero-length array language
extension to the C90 standard, but the preferred mechanism to declare
variable-length types such as these ones is a flexible array member[1][2],
introduced in C99:

struct foo {
        int stuff;
        struct boo array[];
};

By making use of the mechanism above, we will get a compiler warning
in case the flexible array does not occur last in the structure, which
will help us prevent some kind of undefined behavior bugs from being
inadvertently introduced[3] to the codebase from now on.

Also, notice that, dynamic memory allocations won't be affected by
this change:

"Flexible array members have incomplete type, and so the sizeof operator
may not be applied. As a quirk of the original implementation of
zero-length arrays, sizeof evaluates to zero."[1]

sizeof(flexible-array-member) triggers a warning because flexible array
members have incomplete type[1]. There are some instances of code in
which the sizeof operator is being incorrectly/erroneously applied to
zero-length arrays and the result is zero. Such instances may be hiding
some bugs. So, this work (flexible-array member conversions) will also
help to get completely rid of those sorts of issues.

This issue was found with the help of Coccinelle.

[1] https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Zero-Length.html
[2] https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/21
[3] commit 76497732932f ("cxgb3/l2t: Fix undefined behaviour")

Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@kernel.org>
---
 include/net/bluetooth/l2cap.h |    6 +++---
 include/net/bluetooth/mgmt.h  |   40 ++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
 2 files changed, 23 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/net/bluetooth/l2cap.h b/include/net/bluetooth/l2cap.h
index dada14d0622c..8f1e6a7a2df8 100644
--- a/include/net/bluetooth/l2cap.h
+++ b/include/net/bluetooth/l2cap.h
@@ -499,7 +499,7 @@ struct l2cap_ecred_conn_req {
 	__le16 mtu;
 	__le16 mps;
 	__le16 credits;
-	__le16 scid[0];
+	__le16 scid[];
 } __packed;
 
 struct l2cap_ecred_conn_rsp {
@@ -507,13 +507,13 @@ struct l2cap_ecred_conn_rsp {
 	__le16 mps;
 	__le16 credits;
 	__le16 result;
-	__le16 dcid[0];
+	__le16 dcid[];
 };
 
 struct l2cap_ecred_reconf_req {
 	__le16 mtu;
 	__le16 mps;
-	__le16 scid[0];
+	__le16 scid[];
 } __packed;
 
 #define L2CAP_RECONF_SUCCESS		0x0000
diff --git a/include/net/bluetooth/mgmt.h b/include/net/bluetooth/mgmt.h
index f41cd87550dc..e104329e227f 100644
--- a/include/net/bluetooth/mgmt.h
+++ b/include/net/bluetooth/mgmt.h
@@ -70,14 +70,14 @@ struct mgmt_rp_read_version {
 struct mgmt_rp_read_commands {
 	__le16	num_commands;
 	__le16	num_events;
-	__le16	opcodes[0];
+	__le16	opcodes[];
 } __packed;
 
 #define MGMT_OP_READ_INDEX_LIST		0x0003
 #define MGMT_READ_INDEX_LIST_SIZE	0
 struct mgmt_rp_read_index_list {
 	__le16	num_controllers;
-	__le16	index[0];
+	__le16	index[];
 } __packed;
 
 /* Reserve one extra byte for names in management messages so that they
@@ -183,7 +183,7 @@ struct mgmt_link_key_info {
 struct mgmt_cp_load_link_keys {
 	__u8	debug_keys;
 	__le16	key_count;
-	struct	mgmt_link_key_info keys[0];
+	struct	mgmt_link_key_info keys[];
 } __packed;
 #define MGMT_LOAD_LINK_KEYS_SIZE	3
 
@@ -206,7 +206,7 @@ struct mgmt_ltk_info {
 #define MGMT_OP_LOAD_LONG_TERM_KEYS	0x0013
 struct mgmt_cp_load_long_term_keys {
 	__le16	key_count;
-	struct	mgmt_ltk_info keys[0];
+	struct	mgmt_ltk_info keys[];
 } __packed;
 #define MGMT_LOAD_LONG_TERM_KEYS_SIZE	2
 
@@ -223,7 +223,7 @@ struct mgmt_rp_disconnect {
 #define MGMT_GET_CONNECTIONS_SIZE	0
 struct mgmt_rp_get_connections {
 	__le16 conn_count;
-	struct mgmt_addr_info addr[0];
+	struct mgmt_addr_info addr[];
 } __packed;
 
 #define MGMT_OP_PIN_CODE_REPLY		0x0016
@@ -413,7 +413,7 @@ struct mgmt_irk_info {
 #define MGMT_OP_LOAD_IRKS		0x0030
 struct mgmt_cp_load_irks {
 	__le16 irk_count;
-	struct mgmt_irk_info irks[0];
+	struct mgmt_irk_info irks[];
 } __packed;
 #define MGMT_LOAD_IRKS_SIZE		2
 
@@ -465,7 +465,7 @@ struct mgmt_conn_param {
 #define MGMT_OP_LOAD_CONN_PARAM		0x0035
 struct mgmt_cp_load_conn_param {
 	__le16 param_count;
-	struct mgmt_conn_param params[0];
+	struct mgmt_conn_param params[];
 } __packed;
 #define MGMT_LOAD_CONN_PARAM_SIZE	2
 
@@ -473,7 +473,7 @@ struct mgmt_cp_load_conn_param {
 #define MGMT_READ_UNCONF_INDEX_LIST_SIZE 0
 struct mgmt_rp_read_unconf_index_list {
 	__le16	num_controllers;
-	__le16	index[0];
+	__le16	index[];
 } __packed;
 
 #define MGMT_OPTION_EXTERNAL_CONFIG	0x00000001
@@ -504,7 +504,7 @@ struct mgmt_cp_start_service_discovery {
 	__u8 type;
 	__s8 rssi;
 	__le16 uuid_count;
-	__u8 uuids[0][16];
+	__u8 uuids[][16];
 } __packed;
 #define MGMT_START_SERVICE_DISCOVERY_SIZE 4
 
@@ -516,7 +516,7 @@ struct mgmt_cp_read_local_oob_ext_data {
 struct mgmt_rp_read_local_oob_ext_data {
 	__u8    type;
 	__le16	eir_len;
-	__u8	eir[0];
+	__u8	eir[];
 } __packed;
 
 #define MGMT_OP_READ_EXT_INDEX_LIST	0x003C
@@ -527,7 +527,7 @@ struct mgmt_rp_read_ext_index_list {
 		__le16 index;
 		__u8   type;
 		__u8   bus;
-	} entry[0];
+	} entry[];
 } __packed;
 
 #define MGMT_OP_READ_ADV_FEATURES	0x0003D
@@ -538,7 +538,7 @@ struct mgmt_rp_read_adv_features {
 	__u8   max_scan_rsp_len;
 	__u8   max_instances;
 	__u8   num_instances;
-	__u8   instance[0];
+	__u8   instance[];
 } __packed;
 
 #define MGMT_OP_ADD_ADVERTISING		0x003E
@@ -549,7 +549,7 @@ struct mgmt_cp_add_advertising {
 	__le16	timeout;
 	__u8	adv_data_len;
 	__u8	scan_rsp_len;
-	__u8	data[0];
+	__u8	data[];
 } __packed;
 #define MGMT_ADD_ADVERTISING_SIZE	11
 struct mgmt_rp_add_advertising {
@@ -603,7 +603,7 @@ struct mgmt_rp_read_ext_info {
 	__le32   supported_settings;
 	__le32   current_settings;
 	__le16   eir_len;
-	__u8     eir[0];
+	__u8     eir[];
 } __packed;
 
 #define MGMT_OP_SET_APPEARANCE		0x0043
@@ -668,7 +668,7 @@ struct mgmt_blocked_key_info {
 
 struct mgmt_cp_set_blocked_keys {
 	__le16 key_count;
-	struct mgmt_blocked_key_info keys[0];
+	struct mgmt_blocked_key_info keys[];
 } __packed;
 #define MGMT_OP_SET_BLOCKED_KEYS_SIZE 2
 
@@ -678,7 +678,7 @@ struct mgmt_cp_set_blocked_keys {
 struct mgmt_ev_cmd_complete {
 	__le16	opcode;
 	__u8	status;
-	__u8	data[0];
+	__u8	data[];
 } __packed;
 
 #define MGMT_EV_CMD_STATUS		0x0002
@@ -726,7 +726,7 @@ struct mgmt_ev_device_connected {
 	struct mgmt_addr_info addr;
 	__le32	flags;
 	__le16	eir_len;
-	__u8	eir[0];
+	__u8	eir[];
 } __packed;
 
 #define MGMT_DEV_DISCONN_UNKNOWN	0x00
@@ -781,7 +781,7 @@ struct mgmt_ev_device_found {
 	__s8	rssi;
 	__le32	flags;
 	__le16	eir_len;
-	__u8	eir[0];
+	__u8	eir[];
 } __packed;
 
 #define MGMT_EV_DISCOVERING		0x0013
@@ -876,7 +876,7 @@ struct mgmt_ev_ext_index {
 struct mgmt_ev_local_oob_data_updated {
 	__u8    type;
 	__le16	eir_len;
-	__u8	eir[0];
+	__u8	eir[];
 } __packed;
 
 #define MGMT_EV_ADVERTISING_ADDED	0x0023
@@ -892,7 +892,7 @@ struct mgmt_ev_advertising_removed {
 #define MGMT_EV_EXT_INFO_CHANGED	0x0025
 struct mgmt_ev_ext_info_changed {
 	__le16	eir_len;
-	__u8	eir[0];
+	__u8	eir[];
 } __packed;
 
 #define MGMT_EV_PHY_CONFIGURATION_CHANGED	0x0026


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] Bluetooth: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array
  2020-05-07 18:50 [PATCH] Bluetooth: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array Gustavo A. R. Silva
@ 2020-05-13  7:30 ` Marcel Holtmann
  2020-05-13 16:59   ` Gustavo A. R. Silva
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: Marcel Holtmann @ 2020-05-13  7:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Gustavo A. R. Silva; +Cc: Johan Hedberg, linux-bluetooth, linux-kernel

Hi Gustavo,

> The current codebase makes use of the zero-length array language
> extension to the C90 standard, but the preferred mechanism to declare
> variable-length types such as these ones is a flexible array member[1][2],
> introduced in C99:
> 
> struct foo {
>        int stuff;
>        struct boo array[];
> };
> 
> By making use of the mechanism above, we will get a compiler warning
> in case the flexible array does not occur last in the structure, which
> will help us prevent some kind of undefined behavior bugs from being
> inadvertently introduced[3] to the codebase from now on.
> 
> Also, notice that, dynamic memory allocations won't be affected by
> this change:
> 
> "Flexible array members have incomplete type, and so the sizeof operator
> may not be applied. As a quirk of the original implementation of
> zero-length arrays, sizeof evaluates to zero."[1]
> 
> sizeof(flexible-array-member) triggers a warning because flexible array
> members have incomplete type[1]. There are some instances of code in
> which the sizeof operator is being incorrectly/erroneously applied to
> zero-length arrays and the result is zero. Such instances may be hiding
> some bugs. So, this work (flexible-array member conversions) will also
> help to get completely rid of those sorts of issues.
> 
> This issue was found with the help of Coccinelle.
> 
> [1] https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Zero-Length.html
> [2] https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/21
> [3] commit 76497732932f ("cxgb3/l2t: Fix undefined behaviour")
> 
> Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@kernel.org>
> ---
> include/net/bluetooth/l2cap.h |    6 +++---
> include/net/bluetooth/mgmt.h  |   40 ++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
> 2 files changed, 23 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)

the mgmt.h portion we already have in bluetooth-next tree. Can you send a version that just addresses l2cap.h. Thanks.

Regards

Marcel


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] Bluetooth: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array
  2020-05-13  7:30 ` Marcel Holtmann
@ 2020-05-13 16:59   ` Gustavo A. R. Silva
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 3+ messages in thread
From: Gustavo A. R. Silva @ 2020-05-13 16:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Marcel Holtmann; +Cc: Johan Hedberg, linux-bluetooth, linux-kernel

Hi Marcel,

On Wed, May 13, 2020 at 09:30:03AM +0200, Marcel Holtmann wrote:
> > ---
> > include/net/bluetooth/l2cap.h |    6 +++---
> > include/net/bluetooth/mgmt.h  |   40 ++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
> > 2 files changed, 23 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)
> 
> the mgmt.h portion we already have in bluetooth-next tree. Can you send a version that just addresses l2cap.h. Thanks.
> 
> 

Sure thing. I'll send a patch for that, shortly.

Thanks
--
Gustavo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

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2020-05-07 18:50 [PATCH] Bluetooth: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array Gustavo A. R. Silva
2020-05-13  7:30 ` Marcel Holtmann
2020-05-13 16:59   ` Gustavo A. R. Silva

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