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* [PATCH v3.1 0/7] btrfs: qgroup: Delay subtree scan to reduce overhead
@ 2019-01-07  5:41 Qu Wenruo
  2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 1/7] btrfs: qgroup: Move reserved data account from btrfs_delayed_ref_head to btrfs_qgroup_extent_record Qu Wenruo
                   ` (7 more replies)
  0 siblings, 8 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Qu Wenruo @ 2019-01-07  5:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-btrfs

This patchset can be fetched from github:
https://github.com/adam900710/linux/tree/qgroup_delayed_subtree

Which is based on v5.0-rc1.

This patch address the heavy load subtree scan, but delaying it until
we're going to modify the swapped tree block.

The overall workflow is:

1) Record the subtree root block get swapped.

   During subtree swap:
   O = Old tree blocks
   N = New tree blocks
         reloc tree                         file tree X
            Root                               Root
           /    \                             /    \
         NA     OB                          OA      OB
       /  |     |  \                      /  |      |  \
     NC  ND     OE  OF                   OC  OD     OE  OF

  In these case, NA and OA is going to be swapped, record (NA, OA) into
  file tree X.

2) After subtree swap.
         reloc tree                         file tree X
            Root                               Root
           /    \                             /    \
         OA     OB                          NA      OB
       /  |     |  \                      /  |      |  \
     OC  OD     OE  OF                   NC  ND     OE  OF

3a) CoW happens for OB
    If we are going to CoW tree block OB, we check OB's bytenr against
    tree X's swapped_blocks structure.
    It doesn't fit any one, nothing will happen.

3b) CoW happens for NA
    Check NA's bytenr against tree X's swapped_blocks, and get a hit.
    Then we do subtree scan on both subtree OA and NA.
    Resulting 6 tree blocks to be scanned (OA, OC, OD, NA, NC, ND).

    Then no matter what we do to file tree X, qgroup numbers will
    still be correct.
    Then NA's record get removed from X's swapped_blocks.

4)  Transaction commit
    Any record in X's swapped_blocks get removed, since there is no
    modification to swapped subtrees, no need to trigger heavy qgroup
    subtree rescan for them.

[[Benchmark]]
Hardware:
	VM 4G vRAM, 8 vCPUs,
	disk is using 'unsafe' cache mode,
	backing device is SAMSUNG 850 evo SSD.
	Host has 16G ram.

Mkfs parameter:
	--nodesize 4K (To bump up tree size)

Initial subvolume contents:
	4G data copied from /usr and /lib.
	(With enough regular small files)

Snapshots:
	16 snapshots of the original subvolume.
	each snapshot has 3 random files modified.

balance parameter:
	-m

So the content should be pretty similar to a real world root fs layout.

And after file system population, there is no other activity, so it
should be the best case scenario.

                     | v4.20-rc1            | w/ patchset    | diff
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
relocated extents    | 22615                | 22457          | -0.1%
qgroup dirty extents | 163457               | 121606         | -25.6%
time (sys)           | 22.884s              | 18.842s        | -17.6%
time (real)          | 27.724s              | 22.884s        | -17.5%

changelog:
v2:
- Rebase to v4.20-rc1.
- Instead commit transaction after each reloc tree merge, delay it until
  merge_reloc_roots() finishes.
- This provides a more natural behavior, and reduce the unnecessary
  transaction commits.
v3:
- Fix backref walk deadlock by not triggering it at all.
  This also removes the need for @exec_post refactor and replace the
  patch to allow @old_root unpopulated.
- Include the patch that fixes the unexpected data rsv free.
v3.1:
- Rebased to v4.20-rc1.
  Minor conflicts with some cleanup code.

Qu Wenruo (7):
  btrfs: qgroup: Move reserved data account from btrfs_delayed_ref_head
    to btrfs_qgroup_extent_record
  btrfs: qgroup: Don't trigger backref walk at delayed ref insert time
  btrfs: relocation: Delay reloc tree deletion after merge_reloc_roots()
  btrfs: qgroup: Refactor btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree_swap()
  btrfs: qgroup: Introduce per-root swapped blocks infrastructure
  btrfs: qgroup: Use delayed subtree rescan for balance
  btrfs: qgroup: Cleanup old subtree swap code

 fs/btrfs/ctree.c             |   8 +
 fs/btrfs/ctree.h             |  15 ++
 fs/btrfs/delayed-ref.c       |  39 +---
 fs/btrfs/delayed-ref.h       |  11 --
 fs/btrfs/disk-io.c           |   1 +
 fs/btrfs/extent-tree.c       |   3 -
 fs/btrfs/qgroup.c            | 355 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 fs/btrfs/qgroup.h            | 157 +++++++++++-----
 fs/btrfs/relocation.c        | 140 +++++++++++---
 fs/btrfs/transaction.c       |   1 +
 include/trace/events/btrfs.h |  29 ---
 11 files changed, 510 insertions(+), 249 deletions(-)

-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3.1 1/7] btrfs: qgroup: Move reserved data account from btrfs_delayed_ref_head to btrfs_qgroup_extent_record
  2019-01-07  5:41 [PATCH v3.1 0/7] btrfs: qgroup: Delay subtree scan to reduce overhead Qu Wenruo
@ 2019-01-07  5:41 ` Qu Wenruo
  2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 2/7] btrfs: qgroup: Don't trigger backref walk at delayed ref insert time Qu Wenruo
                   ` (6 subsequent siblings)
  7 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Qu Wenruo @ 2019-01-07  5:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-btrfs

[BUG]
Btrfs/139 will fail with a pretty high possibility if the testing
machine (VM) only has 2G ram.

Resulting the final write success while it should fail due to EDQUOT,
and the result fs will has quota exceeding the limit by 16K.

The simplified reproducer will be: (needs a 2G ram VM)

  mkfs.btrfs -f $dev
  mount $dev $mnt

  btrfs subv create $mnt/subv
  btrfs quota enable $mnt
  btrfs quota rescan -w $mnt
  btrfs qgroup limit -e 1G $mnt/subv

  for i in $(seq -w  1 8); do
  	xfs_io -f -c "pwrite 0 128M" $mnt/subv/file_$i > /dev/null
  	echo "file $i written" > /dev/kmsg
  done
  sync
  btrfs qgroup show -pcre --raw $mnt

The last pwrite will not trigger EDQUOT and final qgroup show will show
something like:

  qgroupid         rfer         excl     max_rfer     max_excl parent  child
  --------         ----         ----     --------     -------- ------  -----
  0/5             16384        16384         none         none ---     ---
  0/256      1073758208   1073758208         none   1073741824 ---     ---

And 1073758208 is larger than
  > 1073741824.

[CAUSE]
It's a bug in btrfs qgroup data reserved space management.

For quota limit, we must ensure that:
  reserved (data + metadata) + rfer/excl <= limit

Since rfer/excl is only updated at transaction commmit time, reserved
space needs to be taken special care.

One important part of reserved space is data, and for a new data extent
written to disk, we still need to take the reserved space until
rfer/excl numbers get update.

Originally when an ordered extent finishes, we migrate the reserved
qgroup data space from extent_io tree to delayed ref head of the data
extent, expecting delayed ref will only be cleaned up at commit
transaction time.

However for small RAM machine, due to memory pressure dirty pages can be
flushed back to disk without committing a transaction.

The  related events will be something like:

  BTRFS info (device dm-3): has skinny extents
  file 1 written
  btrfs_finish_ordered_io: ino=258 ordered offset=0 len=54947840
  btrfs_finish_ordered_io: ino=258 ordered offset=54947840 len=5636096
  btrfs_finish_ordered_io: ino=258 ordered offset=61153280 len=57344
  btrfs_finish_ordered_io: ino=258 ordered offset=61210624 len=8192
  btrfs_finish_ordered_io: ino=258 ordered offset=60583936 len=569344
  cleanup_ref_head: num_bytes=54947840
  cleanup_ref_head: num_bytes=5636096
  cleanup_ref_head: num_bytes=569344
  cleanup_ref_head: num_bytes=57344
  cleanup_ref_head: num_bytes=8192
  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ This will free qgroup data reserved space
  file 2 written
  ...
  file 8 written
  cleanup_ref_head: num_bytes=8192
  ...
  btrfs_commit_transaction  <<< the only transaction committed during
				the test

When file 2 is written, we have already freed 128M reserved qgroup data
space for ino 258. Thus later write won't trigger EDQUOT.

This allows us to write more data beyond qgroup limit.

In my 2G ram VM, it could reach about 1.2G before hitting EDQUOT.

[FIX]
By moving reserved qgroup data space from btrfs_delayed_ref_head to
btrfs_qgroup_extent_record, we can ensure that reserved qgroup data
space won't be freed half way before commit transaction, thus fix the
problem.

Fixes: f64d5ca86821 ("btrfs: delayed_ref: Add new function to record reserved space into delayed ref")
Signed-off-by: Qu Wenruo <wqu@suse.com>
---
 fs/btrfs/delayed-ref.c       | 15 ++++-----------
 fs/btrfs/delayed-ref.h       | 11 -----------
 fs/btrfs/extent-tree.c       |  3 ---
 fs/btrfs/qgroup.c            | 19 +++++++++++++++----
 fs/btrfs/qgroup.h            | 20 +++++++++++---------
 include/trace/events/btrfs.h | 29 -----------------------------
 6 files changed, 30 insertions(+), 67 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/btrfs/delayed-ref.c b/fs/btrfs/delayed-ref.c
index cad36c99a483..7d2a413df90d 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/delayed-ref.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/delayed-ref.c
@@ -602,17 +602,14 @@ static void init_delayed_ref_head(struct btrfs_delayed_ref_head *head_ref,
 	RB_CLEAR_NODE(&head_ref->href_node);
 	head_ref->processing = 0;
 	head_ref->total_ref_mod = count_mod;
-	head_ref->qgroup_reserved = 0;
-	head_ref->qgroup_ref_root = 0;
 	spin_lock_init(&head_ref->lock);
 	mutex_init(&head_ref->mutex);
 
 	if (qrecord) {
 		if (ref_root && reserved) {
-			head_ref->qgroup_ref_root = ref_root;
-			head_ref->qgroup_reserved = reserved;
+			qrecord->data_rsv = reserved;
+			qrecord->data_rsv_refroot = ref_root;
 		}
-
 		qrecord->bytenr = bytenr;
 		qrecord->num_bytes = num_bytes;
 		qrecord->old_roots = NULL;
@@ -651,10 +648,6 @@ add_delayed_ref_head(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 	existing = htree_insert(&delayed_refs->href_root,
 				&head_ref->href_node);
 	if (existing) {
-		WARN_ON(qrecord && head_ref->qgroup_ref_root
-			&& head_ref->qgroup_reserved
-			&& existing->qgroup_ref_root
-			&& existing->qgroup_reserved);
 		update_existing_head_ref(trans, existing, head_ref,
 					 old_ref_mod);
 		/*
@@ -770,7 +763,7 @@ int btrfs_add_delayed_tree_ref(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 
 	if (test_bit(BTRFS_FS_QUOTA_ENABLED, &fs_info->flags) &&
 	    is_fstree(ref_root)) {
-		record = kmalloc(sizeof(*record), GFP_NOFS);
+		record = kzalloc(sizeof(*record), GFP_NOFS);
 		if (!record) {
 			kmem_cache_free(btrfs_delayed_tree_ref_cachep, ref);
 			kmem_cache_free(btrfs_delayed_ref_head_cachep, head_ref);
@@ -867,7 +860,7 @@ int btrfs_add_delayed_data_ref(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 
 	if (test_bit(BTRFS_FS_QUOTA_ENABLED, &fs_info->flags) &&
 	    is_fstree(ref_root)) {
-		record = kmalloc(sizeof(*record), GFP_NOFS);
+		record = kzalloc(sizeof(*record), GFP_NOFS);
 		if (!record) {
 			kmem_cache_free(btrfs_delayed_data_ref_cachep, ref);
 			kmem_cache_free(btrfs_delayed_ref_head_cachep,
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/delayed-ref.h b/fs/btrfs/delayed-ref.h
index d2af974f68a1..70606da440aa 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/delayed-ref.h
+++ b/fs/btrfs/delayed-ref.h
@@ -102,17 +102,6 @@ struct btrfs_delayed_ref_head {
 	 */
 	int ref_mod;
 
-	/*
-	 * For qgroup reserved space freeing.
-	 *
-	 * ref_root and reserved will be recorded after
-	 * BTRFS_ADD_DELAYED_EXTENT is called.
-	 * And will be used to free reserved qgroup space at
-	 * run_delayed_refs() time.
-	 */
-	u64 qgroup_ref_root;
-	u64 qgroup_reserved;
-
 	/*
 	 * when a new extent is allocated, it is just reserved in memory
 	 * The actual extent isn't inserted into the extent allocation tree
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/extent-tree.c b/fs/btrfs/extent-tree.c
index b15afeae16df..208335a2aa29 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/extent-tree.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/extent-tree.c
@@ -2494,9 +2494,6 @@ static void cleanup_ref_head_accounting(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 		}
 	}
 
-	/* Also free its reserved qgroup space */
-	btrfs_qgroup_free_delayed_ref(fs_info, head->qgroup_ref_root,
-				      head->qgroup_reserved);
 	btrfs_delayed_refs_rsv_release(fs_info, nr_items);
 }
 
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
index 4e473a998219..f214b490d80c 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
@@ -1546,12 +1546,18 @@ int btrfs_qgroup_trace_extent_nolock(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
 		parent_node = *p;
 		entry = rb_entry(parent_node, struct btrfs_qgroup_extent_record,
 				 node);
-		if (bytenr < entry->bytenr)
+		if (bytenr < entry->bytenr) {
 			p = &(*p)->rb_left;
-		else if (bytenr > entry->bytenr)
+		} else if (bytenr > entry->bytenr) {
 			p = &(*p)->rb_right;
-		else
+		} else {
+			if (record->data_rsv && !entry->data_rsv) {
+				entry->data_rsv = record->data_rsv;
+				entry->data_rsv_refroot =
+					record->data_rsv_refroot;
+			}
 			return 1;
+		}
 	}
 
 	rb_link_node(&record->node, parent_node, p);
@@ -1597,7 +1603,7 @@ int btrfs_qgroup_trace_extent(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans, u64 bytenr,
 	if (!test_bit(BTRFS_FS_QUOTA_ENABLED, &fs_info->flags)
 	    || bytenr == 0 || num_bytes == 0)
 		return 0;
-	record = kmalloc(sizeof(*record), gfp_flag);
+	record = kzalloc(sizeof(*record), gfp_flag);
 	if (!record)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
@@ -2576,6 +2582,11 @@ int btrfs_qgroup_account_extents(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans)
 					goto cleanup;
 			}
 
+			/* Free the reserved data space */
+			btrfs_qgroup_free_refroot(fs_info,
+					record->data_rsv_refroot,
+					record->data_rsv,
+					BTRFS_QGROUP_RSV_DATA);
 			/*
 			 * Use SEQ_LAST as time_seq to do special search, which
 			 * doesn't lock tree or delayed_refs and search current
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h
index 20c6bd5fa701..d4fae53969d4 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h
+++ b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h
@@ -45,6 +45,17 @@ struct btrfs_qgroup_extent_record {
 	struct rb_node node;
 	u64 bytenr;
 	u64 num_bytes;
+
+	/*
+	 * For qgroup reserved data space freeing.
+	 *
+	 * @data_rsv_refroot and @data_rsv will be recorded after
+	 * BTRFS_ADD_DELAYED_EXTENT is called.
+	 * And will be used to free reserved qgroup space at
+	 * transaction commit time.
+	 */
+	u32 data_rsv;		/* reserved data space needs to be freed */
+	u64 data_rsv_refroot;	/* which root the reserved data belongs to */
 	struct ulist *old_roots;
 };
 
@@ -252,15 +263,6 @@ int btrfs_qgroup_inherit(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans, u64 srcid,
 void btrfs_qgroup_free_refroot(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
 			       u64 ref_root, u64 num_bytes,
 			       enum btrfs_qgroup_rsv_type type);
-static inline void btrfs_qgroup_free_delayed_ref(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
-						 u64 ref_root, u64 num_bytes)
-{
-	if (!test_bit(BTRFS_FS_QUOTA_ENABLED, &fs_info->flags))
-		return;
-	trace_btrfs_qgroup_free_delayed_ref(fs_info, ref_root, num_bytes);
-	btrfs_qgroup_free_refroot(fs_info, ref_root, num_bytes,
-				  BTRFS_QGROUP_RSV_DATA);
-}
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_BTRFS_FS_RUN_SANITY_TESTS
 int btrfs_verify_qgroup_counts(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info, u64 qgroupid,
diff --git a/include/trace/events/btrfs.h b/include/trace/events/btrfs.h
index 2887503e4d12..43d3ee1a6544 100644
--- a/include/trace/events/btrfs.h
+++ b/include/trace/events/btrfs.h
@@ -1512,35 +1512,6 @@ DEFINE_EVENT(btrfs__qgroup_rsv_data, btrfs_qgroup_release_data,
 	TP_ARGS(inode, start, len, reserved, op)
 );
 
-DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(btrfs__qgroup_delayed_ref,
-
-	TP_PROTO(const struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
-		 u64 ref_root, u64 reserved),
-
-	TP_ARGS(fs_info, ref_root, reserved),
-
-	TP_STRUCT__entry_btrfs(
-		__field(	u64,		ref_root	)
-		__field(	u64,		reserved	)
-	),
-
-	TP_fast_assign_btrfs(fs_info,
-		__entry->ref_root	= ref_root;
-		__entry->reserved	= reserved;
-	),
-
-	TP_printk_btrfs("root=%llu reserved=%llu op=free",
-		  __entry->ref_root, __entry->reserved)
-);
-
-DEFINE_EVENT(btrfs__qgroup_delayed_ref, btrfs_qgroup_free_delayed_ref,
-
-	TP_PROTO(const struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
-		 u64 ref_root, u64 reserved),
-
-	TP_ARGS(fs_info, ref_root, reserved)
-);
-
 DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(btrfs_qgroup_extent,
 	TP_PROTO(const struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
 		 const struct btrfs_qgroup_extent_record *rec),
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3.1 2/7] btrfs: qgroup: Don't trigger backref walk at delayed ref insert time
  2019-01-07  5:41 [PATCH v3.1 0/7] btrfs: qgroup: Delay subtree scan to reduce overhead Qu Wenruo
  2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 1/7] btrfs: qgroup: Move reserved data account from btrfs_delayed_ref_head to btrfs_qgroup_extent_record Qu Wenruo
@ 2019-01-07  5:41 ` Qu Wenruo
  2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 3/7] btrfs: relocation: Delay reloc tree deletion after merge_reloc_roots() Qu Wenruo
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  7 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Qu Wenruo @ 2019-01-07  5:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-btrfs; +Cc: David Sterba, Filipe Manana

[BUG]
Since fb235dc06fac ("btrfs: qgroup: Move half of the qgroup accounting
time out of commit trans"), kernel may lockup with quota enabled.

There is one backref trace triggered by snapshot dropping along with
write operation in the source subvolume.
The example can be stably reproduced.

  btrfs-cleaner   D    0  4062      2 0x80000000
  Call Trace:
   schedule+0x32/0x90
   btrfs_tree_read_lock+0x93/0x130 [btrfs]
   find_parent_nodes+0x29b/0x1170 [btrfs]
   btrfs_find_all_roots_safe+0xa8/0x120 [btrfs]
   btrfs_find_all_roots+0x57/0x70 [btrfs]
   btrfs_qgroup_trace_extent_post+0x37/0x70 [btrfs]
   btrfs_qgroup_trace_leaf_items+0x10b/0x140 [btrfs]
   btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree+0xc8/0xe0 [btrfs]
   do_walk_down+0x541/0x5e3 [btrfs]
   walk_down_tree+0xab/0xe7 [btrfs]
   btrfs_drop_snapshot+0x356/0x71a [btrfs]
   btrfs_clean_one_deleted_snapshot+0xb8/0xf0 [btrfs]
   cleaner_kthread+0x12b/0x160 [btrfs]
   kthread+0x112/0x130
   ret_from_fork+0x27/0x50

[CAUSE]
When dropping snapshots with qgroup enabled, we will trigger backref
walk.

However such backref walk at that timing is pretty dangerous, as if one
of the parent nodes get WRITE locked by other thread, we could cause a
dead lock.

For example:

           FS 260     FS 261 (Dropped)
            node A        node B
           /      \      /      \
       node C      node D      node E
      /   \         /  \        /     \
  leaf F|leaf G|leaf H|leaf I|leaf J|leaf K

The lock sequence would be:

      Thread A (cleaner)             |       Thread B (other writer)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
write_lock(B)                        |
write_lock(D)                        |
^^^ called by walk_down_tree()       |
                                     |       write_lock(A)
                                     |       write_lock(D) << Stall
read_lock(H) << for backref walk     |
read_lock(D) << lock owner is        |
                the same thread A    |
                so read lock is OK   |
read_lock(A) << Stall                |

So thread A hold write lock D, and needs read lock A to unlock.
While thread B holds write lock A, while needs lock D to unlock.

This will cause a dead lock.

This is not only limited to snapshot dropping case.
As the backref walk, even only happens on commit trees, is breaking the
normal top-down locking order, makes it deadlock prone.

[FIX]
The solution is not to trigger backref walk with any write lock hold.
This means we can't do backref walk at delayed ref insert time.

So this patch will mostly revert commit fb235dc06fac ("btrfs: qgroup:
Move half of the qgroup accounting time out of commit trans").

Reported-by: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.cz>
Reported-by: Filipe Manana <fdmanana@suse.com>
Fixes: fb235dc06fac ("btrfs: qgroup: Move half of the qgroup accounting time out of commit trans")
Signed-off-by: Qu Wenruo <wqu@suse.com>
---
 fs/btrfs/delayed-ref.c | 24 ++++--------------------
 fs/btrfs/qgroup.c      | 39 +++------------------------------------
 fs/btrfs/qgroup.h      | 30 ++----------------------------
 3 files changed, 9 insertions(+), 84 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/btrfs/delayed-ref.c b/fs/btrfs/delayed-ref.c
index 7d2a413df90d..ed42a8305f50 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/delayed-ref.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/delayed-ref.c
@@ -625,12 +625,10 @@ static noinline struct btrfs_delayed_ref_head *
 add_delayed_ref_head(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 		     struct btrfs_delayed_ref_head *head_ref,
 		     struct btrfs_qgroup_extent_record *qrecord,
-		     int action, int *qrecord_inserted_ret,
-		     int *old_ref_mod, int *new_ref_mod)
+		     int action, int *old_ref_mod, int *new_ref_mod)
 {
 	struct btrfs_delayed_ref_head *existing;
 	struct btrfs_delayed_ref_root *delayed_refs;
-	int qrecord_inserted = 0;
 
 	delayed_refs = &trans->transaction->delayed_refs;
 
@@ -639,8 +637,6 @@ add_delayed_ref_head(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 		if (btrfs_qgroup_trace_extent_nolock(trans->fs_info,
 					delayed_refs, qrecord))
 			kfree(qrecord);
-		else
-			qrecord_inserted = 1;
 	}
 
 	trace_add_delayed_ref_head(trans->fs_info, head_ref, action);
@@ -670,8 +666,6 @@ add_delayed_ref_head(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 		atomic_inc(&delayed_refs->num_entries);
 		trans->delayed_ref_updates++;
 	}
-	if (qrecord_inserted_ret)
-		*qrecord_inserted_ret = qrecord_inserted;
 	if (new_ref_mod)
 		*new_ref_mod = head_ref->total_ref_mod;
 
@@ -745,7 +739,6 @@ int btrfs_add_delayed_tree_ref(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 	struct btrfs_delayed_ref_head *head_ref;
 	struct btrfs_delayed_ref_root *delayed_refs;
 	struct btrfs_qgroup_extent_record *record = NULL;
-	int qrecord_inserted;
 	bool is_system = (ref_root == BTRFS_CHUNK_TREE_OBJECTID);
 	int ret;
 	u8 ref_type;
@@ -794,8 +787,7 @@ int btrfs_add_delayed_tree_ref(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 	 * the spin lock
 	 */
 	head_ref = add_delayed_ref_head(trans, head_ref, record,
-					action, &qrecord_inserted,
-					old_ref_mod, new_ref_mod);
+					action, old_ref_mod, new_ref_mod);
 
 	ret = insert_delayed_ref(trans, delayed_refs, head_ref, &ref->node);
 	spin_unlock(&delayed_refs->lock);
@@ -812,9 +804,6 @@ int btrfs_add_delayed_tree_ref(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 	if (ret > 0)
 		kmem_cache_free(btrfs_delayed_tree_ref_cachep, ref);
 
-	if (qrecord_inserted)
-		btrfs_qgroup_trace_extent_post(fs_info, record);
-
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -832,7 +821,6 @@ int btrfs_add_delayed_data_ref(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 	struct btrfs_delayed_ref_head *head_ref;
 	struct btrfs_delayed_ref_root *delayed_refs;
 	struct btrfs_qgroup_extent_record *record = NULL;
-	int qrecord_inserted;
 	int ret;
 	u8 ref_type;
 
@@ -881,8 +869,7 @@ int btrfs_add_delayed_data_ref(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 	 * the spin lock
 	 */
 	head_ref = add_delayed_ref_head(trans, head_ref, record,
-					action, &qrecord_inserted,
-					old_ref_mod, new_ref_mod);
+					action, old_ref_mod, new_ref_mod);
 
 	ret = insert_delayed_ref(trans, delayed_refs, head_ref, &ref->node);
 	spin_unlock(&delayed_refs->lock);
@@ -899,9 +886,6 @@ int btrfs_add_delayed_data_ref(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 	if (ret > 0)
 		kmem_cache_free(btrfs_delayed_data_ref_cachep, ref);
 
-
-	if (qrecord_inserted)
-		return btrfs_qgroup_trace_extent_post(fs_info, record);
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -926,7 +910,7 @@ int btrfs_add_delayed_extent_op(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
 	spin_lock(&delayed_refs->lock);
 
 	add_delayed_ref_head(trans, head_ref, NULL, BTRFS_UPDATE_DELAYED_HEAD,
-			     NULL, NULL, NULL);
+			     NULL, NULL);
 
 	spin_unlock(&delayed_refs->lock);
 
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
index f214b490d80c..ba30adac88a7 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
@@ -1565,33 +1565,6 @@ int btrfs_qgroup_trace_extent_nolock(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
 	return 0;
 }
 
-int btrfs_qgroup_trace_extent_post(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
-				   struct btrfs_qgroup_extent_record *qrecord)
-{
-	struct ulist *old_root;
-	u64 bytenr = qrecord->bytenr;
-	int ret;
-
-	ret = btrfs_find_all_roots(NULL, fs_info, bytenr, 0, &old_root, false);
-	if (ret < 0) {
-		fs_info->qgroup_flags |= BTRFS_QGROUP_STATUS_FLAG_INCONSISTENT;
-		btrfs_warn(fs_info,
-"error accounting new delayed refs extent (err code: %d), quota inconsistent",
-			ret);
-		return 0;
-	}
-
-	/*
-	 * Here we don't need to get the lock of
-	 * trans->transaction->delayed_refs, since inserted qrecord won't
-	 * be deleted, only qrecord->node may be modified (new qrecord insert)
-	 *
-	 * So modifying qrecord->old_roots is safe here
-	 */
-	qrecord->old_roots = old_root;
-	return 0;
-}
-
 int btrfs_qgroup_trace_extent(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans, u64 bytenr,
 			      u64 num_bytes, gfp_t gfp_flag)
 {
@@ -1615,11 +1588,9 @@ int btrfs_qgroup_trace_extent(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans, u64 bytenr,
 	spin_lock(&delayed_refs->lock);
 	ret = btrfs_qgroup_trace_extent_nolock(fs_info, delayed_refs, record);
 	spin_unlock(&delayed_refs->lock);
-	if (ret > 0) {
+	if (ret > 0)
 		kfree(record);
-		return 0;
-	}
-	return btrfs_qgroup_trace_extent_post(fs_info, record);
+	return 0;
 }
 
 int btrfs_qgroup_trace_leaf_items(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
@@ -2569,11 +2540,7 @@ int btrfs_qgroup_account_extents(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans)
 		trace_btrfs_qgroup_account_extents(fs_info, record);
 
 		if (!ret) {
-			/*
-			 * Old roots should be searched when inserting qgroup
-			 * extent record
-			 */
-			if (WARN_ON(!record->old_roots)) {
+			if (!record->old_roots) {
 				/* Search commit root to find old_roots */
 				ret = btrfs_find_all_roots(NULL, fs_info,
 						record->bytenr, 0,
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h
index d4fae53969d4..226956f0bd73 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h
+++ b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h
@@ -174,8 +174,7 @@ struct btrfs_delayed_extent_op;
  * Inform qgroup to trace one dirty extent, its info is recorded in @record.
  * So qgroup can account it at transaction committing time.
  *
- * No lock version, caller must acquire delayed ref lock and allocated memory,
- * then call btrfs_qgroup_trace_extent_post() after exiting lock context.
+ * No lock version, caller must acquire delayed ref lock and allocate memory,
  *
  * Return 0 for success insert
  * Return >0 for existing record, caller can free @record safely.
@@ -186,37 +185,12 @@ int btrfs_qgroup_trace_extent_nolock(
 		struct btrfs_delayed_ref_root *delayed_refs,
 		struct btrfs_qgroup_extent_record *record);
 
-/*
- * Post handler after qgroup_trace_extent_nolock().
- *
- * NOTE: Current qgroup does the expensive backref walk at transaction
- * committing time with TRANS_STATE_COMMIT_DOING, this blocks incoming
- * new transaction.
- * This is designed to allow btrfs_find_all_roots() to get correct new_roots
- * result.
- *
- * However for old_roots there is no need to do backref walk at that time,
- * since we search commit roots to walk backref and result will always be
- * correct.
- *
- * Due to the nature of no lock version, we can't do backref there.
- * So we must call btrfs_qgroup_trace_extent_post() after exiting
- * spinlock context.
- *
- * TODO: If we can fix and prove btrfs_find_all_roots() can get correct result
- * using current root, then we can move all expensive backref walk out of
- * transaction committing, but not now as qgroup accounting will be wrong again.
- */
-int btrfs_qgroup_trace_extent_post(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
-				   struct btrfs_qgroup_extent_record *qrecord);
-
 /*
  * Inform qgroup to trace one dirty extent, specified by @bytenr and
  * @num_bytes.
  * So qgroup can account it at commit trans time.
  *
- * Better encapsulated version, with memory allocation and backref walk for
- * commit roots.
+ * Better encapsulated version, with memory allocation
  * So this can sleep.
  *
  * Return 0 if the operation is done.
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3.1 3/7] btrfs: relocation: Delay reloc tree deletion after merge_reloc_roots()
  2019-01-07  5:41 [PATCH v3.1 0/7] btrfs: qgroup: Delay subtree scan to reduce overhead Qu Wenruo
  2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 1/7] btrfs: qgroup: Move reserved data account from btrfs_delayed_ref_head to btrfs_qgroup_extent_record Qu Wenruo
  2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 2/7] btrfs: qgroup: Don't trigger backref walk at delayed ref insert time Qu Wenruo
@ 2019-01-07  5:41 ` Qu Wenruo
  2019-01-14 17:04   ` David Sterba
                     ` (2 more replies)
  2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 4/7] btrfs: qgroup: Refactor btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree_swap() Qu Wenruo
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  7 siblings, 3 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Qu Wenruo @ 2019-01-07  5:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-btrfs

Relocation code will drop btrfs_root::reloc_root as soon as
merge_reloc_root() finishes.

However later qgroup code will need to access btrfs_root::reloc_root
after merge_reloc_root() for delayed subtree rescan.

So alter the timming of resetting btrfs_root:::reloc_root, make it
happens after transaction commit.

With this patch, we will introduce a new btrfs_root::state,
BTRFS_ROOT_DEAD_RELOC_TREE, to info part of btrfs_root::reloc_tree user
that although btrfs_root::reloc_tree is still non-NULL, but still it's
not used any more.

The lifespan of btrfs_root::reloc tree will become:
          Old behavior            |              New
------------------------------------------------------------------------
btrfs_init_reloc_root()      ---  | btrfs_init_reloc_root()      ---
  set reloc_root              |   |   set reloc_root              |
                              |   |                               |
                              |   |                               |
merge_reloc_root()            |   | merge_reloc_root()            |
|- btrfs_update_reloc_root() ---  | |- btrfs_update_reloc_root() -+-
     clear btrfs_root::reloc_root |      set ROOT_DEAD_RELOC_TREE |
                                  |      record root into dirty   |
                                  |      roots rbtree             |
                                  |                               |
                                  | reloc_block_group() Or        |
                                  | btrfs_recover_relocation()    |
                                  | | After transaction commit    |
                                  | |- clean_dirty_root()        ---
                                  |     clear btrfs_root::reloc_root

During ROOT_DEAD_RELOC_TREE set lifespan, the only user of
btrfs_root::reloc_tree should be qgroup.

And to co-operate this, also delayed btrfs_drop_snapshot() call on reloc
tree, btrfs_drop_snapshot() call will also be delayed to
clean_dirty_root().

Signed-off-by: Qu Wenruo <wqu@suse.com>
---
 fs/btrfs/ctree.h      |   1 +
 fs/btrfs/relocation.c | 125 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 2 files changed, 109 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/btrfs/ctree.h b/fs/btrfs/ctree.h
index 0a68cf7032f5..a669fa1bda7b 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/ctree.h
+++ b/fs/btrfs/ctree.h
@@ -1195,6 +1195,7 @@ enum {
 	BTRFS_ROOT_MULTI_LOG_TASKS,
 	BTRFS_ROOT_DIRTY,
 	BTRFS_ROOT_DELETING,
+	BTRFS_ROOT_DEAD_RELOC_TREE,
 };
 
 /*
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/relocation.c b/fs/btrfs/relocation.c
index 272b287f8cf0..8109c28c2ecc 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/relocation.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/relocation.c
@@ -143,6 +143,20 @@ struct file_extent_cluster {
 	unsigned int nr;
 };
 
+/*
+ * Helper structure to keep record of a file tree whose reloc
+ * root needs to be cleaned up.
+ *
+ * Since reloc_control is used less frequently than btrfs_root, this should
+ * prevent us to add another structure in btrfs_root.
+ */
+struct dirty_source_root {
+	struct rb_node node;
+
+	/* Root must be file tree */
+	struct btrfs_root *root;
+};
+
 struct reloc_control {
 	/* block group to relocate */
 	struct btrfs_block_group_cache *block_group;
@@ -172,6 +186,9 @@ struct reloc_control {
 	u64 search_start;
 	u64 extents_found;
 
+	/* dirty source roots, whose reloc root needs to be cleaned up */
+	struct rb_root dirty_roots;
+
 	unsigned int stage:8;
 	unsigned int create_reloc_tree:1;
 	unsigned int merge_reloc_tree:1;
@@ -1467,15 +1484,17 @@ int btrfs_update_reloc_root(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 	struct btrfs_root_item *root_item;
 	int ret;
 
-	if (!root->reloc_root)
+	if (test_bit(BTRFS_ROOT_DEAD_RELOC_TREE, &root->state) ||
+	    !root->reloc_root)
 		goto out;
 
 	reloc_root = root->reloc_root;
 	root_item = &reloc_root->root_item;
 
+	/* root->reloc_root will stay until current relocation finished */
 	if (fs_info->reloc_ctl->merge_reloc_tree &&
 	    btrfs_root_refs(root_item) == 0) {
-		root->reloc_root = NULL;
+		set_bit(BTRFS_ROOT_DEAD_RELOC_TREE, &root->state);
 		__del_reloc_root(reloc_root);
 	}
 
@@ -2120,6 +2139,84 @@ static int find_next_key(struct btrfs_path *path, int level,
 	return 1;
 }
 
+/*
+ * Helper to insert current root into reloc_control::dirty_roots
+ */
+static int insert_dirty_root(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
+			     struct reloc_control *rc,
+			     struct btrfs_root *root)
+{
+	struct rb_node **p = &rc->dirty_roots.rb_node;
+	struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
+	struct dirty_source_root *entry;
+	struct btrfs_root *reloc_root = root->reloc_root;
+	struct btrfs_root_item *reloc_root_item;
+	u64 root_objectid = root->root_key.objectid;
+
+	/* @root must be a file tree root*/
+	ASSERT(root_objectid != BTRFS_TREE_RELOC_OBJECTID);
+	ASSERT(reloc_root);
+
+	reloc_root_item = &reloc_root->root_item;
+	memset(&reloc_root_item->drop_progress, 0,
+		sizeof(reloc_root_item->drop_progress));
+	reloc_root_item->drop_level = 0;
+	btrfs_set_root_refs(reloc_root_item, 0);
+	btrfs_update_reloc_root(trans, root);
+
+	/* We're at relocation route, not writeback route, GFP_KERNEL is OK */
+	entry = kmalloc(sizeof(*entry), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!entry)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	btrfs_grab_fs_root(root);
+	entry->root = root;
+	while (*p) {
+		struct dirty_source_root *cur_entry;
+
+		parent = *p;
+		cur_entry = rb_entry(parent, struct dirty_source_root, node);
+
+		if (root_objectid < cur_entry->root->root_key.objectid)
+			p = &(*p)->rb_left;
+		else if (root_objectid > cur_entry->root->root_key.objectid)
+			p = &(*p)->rb_right;
+		else {
+			/* This root is already dirtied */
+			btrfs_put_fs_root(root);
+			kfree(entry);
+			return 0;
+		}
+	}
+	rb_link_node(&entry->node, parent, p);
+	rb_insert_color(&entry->node, &rc->dirty_roots);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int clean_dirty_root(struct reloc_control *rc)
+{
+	struct dirty_source_root *entry;
+	struct dirty_source_root *next;
+	int err = 0;
+	int ret;
+
+	rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe(entry, next, &rc->dirty_roots,
+					     node) {
+		struct btrfs_root *reloc_root = entry->root->reloc_root;
+
+		clear_bit(BTRFS_ROOT_DEAD_RELOC_TREE, &entry->root->state);
+		entry->root->reloc_root = NULL;
+		if (reloc_root) {
+			ret = btrfs_drop_snapshot(reloc_root, NULL, 0, 1);
+			if (ret < 0 && !err)
+				err = ret;
+		}
+		btrfs_put_fs_root(entry->root);
+		kfree(entry);
+	}
+	rc->dirty_roots = RB_ROOT;
+	return err;
+}
+
 /*
  * merge the relocated tree blocks in reloc tree with corresponding
  * fs tree.
@@ -2259,13 +2356,8 @@ static noinline_for_stack int merge_reloc_root(struct reloc_control *rc,
 out:
 	btrfs_free_path(path);
 
-	if (err == 0) {
-		memset(&root_item->drop_progress, 0,
-		       sizeof(root_item->drop_progress));
-		root_item->drop_level = 0;
-		btrfs_set_root_refs(root_item, 0);
-		btrfs_update_reloc_root(trans, root);
-	}
+	if (err == 0)
+		err = insert_dirty_root(trans, rc, root);
 
 	if (trans)
 		btrfs_end_transaction_throttle(trans);
@@ -2410,14 +2502,6 @@ void merge_reloc_roots(struct reloc_control *rc)
 		} else {
 			list_del_init(&reloc_root->root_list);
 		}
-
-		ret = btrfs_drop_snapshot(reloc_root, rc->block_rsv, 0, 1);
-		if (ret < 0) {
-			if (list_empty(&reloc_root->root_list))
-				list_add_tail(&reloc_root->root_list,
-					      &reloc_roots);
-			goto out;
-		}
 	}
 
 	if (found) {
@@ -4079,6 +4163,9 @@ static noinline_for_stack int relocate_block_group(struct reloc_control *rc)
 		goto out_free;
 	}
 	btrfs_commit_transaction(trans);
+	ret = clean_dirty_root(rc);
+	if (ret < 0 && !err)
+		err = ret;
 out_free:
 	btrfs_free_block_rsv(fs_info, rc->block_rsv);
 	btrfs_free_path(path);
@@ -4468,6 +4555,10 @@ int btrfs_recover_relocation(struct btrfs_root *root)
 		goto out_free;
 	}
 	err = btrfs_commit_transaction(trans);
+
+	ret = clean_dirty_root(rc);
+	if (ret < 0 && !err)
+		err = ret;
 out_free:
 	kfree(rc);
 out:
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3.1 4/7] btrfs: qgroup: Refactor btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree_swap()
  2019-01-07  5:41 [PATCH v3.1 0/7] btrfs: qgroup: Delay subtree scan to reduce overhead Qu Wenruo
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 3/7] btrfs: relocation: Delay reloc tree deletion after merge_reloc_roots() Qu Wenruo
@ 2019-01-07  5:41 ` Qu Wenruo
  2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 5/7] btrfs: qgroup: Introduce per-root swapped blocks infrastructure Qu Wenruo
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  7 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Qu Wenruo @ 2019-01-07  5:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-btrfs

Refactor btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree_swap() into
qgroup_trace_subtree_swap(), which only needs two extent buffer and some
other bool to control the behavior.

This provides the basis for later delayed subtree scan work.

Signed-off-by: Qu Wenruo <wqu@suse.com>
---
 fs/btrfs/qgroup.c | 78 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
 1 file changed, 57 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
index ba30adac88a7..8fe6ebe9aef8 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
@@ -1994,6 +1994,60 @@ static int qgroup_trace_new_subtree_blocks(struct btrfs_trans_handle* trans,
 	return ret;
 }
 
+static int qgroup_trace_subtree_swap(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
+				struct extent_buffer *src_eb,
+				struct extent_buffer *dst_eb,
+				u64 last_snapshot, bool trace_leaf)
+{
+	struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = trans->fs_info;
+	struct btrfs_path *dst_path = NULL;
+	int level;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (!test_bit(BTRFS_FS_QUOTA_ENABLED, &fs_info->flags))
+		return 0;
+
+	/* Wrong parameter order */
+	if (btrfs_header_generation(src_eb) > btrfs_header_generation(dst_eb)) {
+		btrfs_err_rl(fs_info,
+		"%s: bad parameter order, src_gen=%llu dst_gen=%llu", __func__,
+			     btrfs_header_generation(src_eb),
+			     btrfs_header_generation(dst_eb));
+		return -EUCLEAN;
+	}
+
+	if (!extent_buffer_uptodate(src_eb) ||
+	    !extent_buffer_uptodate(dst_eb)) {
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	level = btrfs_header_level(dst_eb);
+	dst_path = btrfs_alloc_path();
+	if (!dst_path) {
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto out;
+	}
+	/* For dst_path */
+	extent_buffer_get(dst_eb);
+	dst_path->nodes[level] = dst_eb;
+	dst_path->slots[level] = 0;
+	dst_path->locks[level] = 0;
+
+	/* Do the generation aware breadth-first search */
+	ret = qgroup_trace_new_subtree_blocks(trans, src_eb, dst_path, level,
+					      level, last_snapshot, trace_leaf);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		goto out;
+	ret = 0;
+
+out:
+	btrfs_free_path(dst_path);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		fs_info->qgroup_flags |= BTRFS_QGROUP_STATUS_FLAG_INCONSISTENT;
+	return ret;
+}
+
 /*
  * Inform qgroup to trace subtree swap used in balance.
  *
@@ -2019,14 +2073,12 @@ int btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree_swap(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 				u64 last_snapshot)
 {
 	struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = trans->fs_info;
-	struct btrfs_path *dst_path = NULL;
 	struct btrfs_key first_key;
 	struct extent_buffer *src_eb = NULL;
 	struct extent_buffer *dst_eb = NULL;
 	bool trace_leaf = false;
 	u64 child_gen;
 	u64 child_bytenr;
-	int level;
 	int ret;
 
 	if (!test_bit(BTRFS_FS_QUOTA_ENABLED, &fs_info->flags))
@@ -2077,22 +2129,9 @@ int btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree_swap(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 		goto out;
 	}
 
-	level = btrfs_header_level(dst_eb);
-	dst_path = btrfs_alloc_path();
-	if (!dst_path) {
-		ret = -ENOMEM;
-		goto out;
-	}
-
-	/* For dst_path */
-	extent_buffer_get(dst_eb);
-	dst_path->nodes[level] = dst_eb;
-	dst_path->slots[level] = 0;
-	dst_path->locks[level] = 0;
-
-	/* Do the generation-aware breadth-first search */
-	ret = qgroup_trace_new_subtree_blocks(trans, src_eb, dst_path, level,
-					      level, last_snapshot, trace_leaf);
+	/* Do the generation aware breadth-first search */
+	ret = qgroup_trace_subtree_swap(trans, src_eb, dst_eb, last_snapshot,
+					trace_leaf);
 	if (ret < 0)
 		goto out;
 	ret = 0;
@@ -2100,9 +2139,6 @@ int btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree_swap(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 out:
 	free_extent_buffer(src_eb);
 	free_extent_buffer(dst_eb);
-	btrfs_free_path(dst_path);
-	if (ret < 0)
-		fs_info->qgroup_flags |= BTRFS_QGROUP_STATUS_FLAG_INCONSISTENT;
 	return ret;
 }
 
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3.1 5/7] btrfs: qgroup: Introduce per-root swapped blocks infrastructure
  2019-01-07  5:41 [PATCH v3.1 0/7] btrfs: qgroup: Delay subtree scan to reduce overhead Qu Wenruo
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 4/7] btrfs: qgroup: Refactor btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree_swap() Qu Wenruo
@ 2019-01-07  5:41 ` Qu Wenruo
  2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 6/7] btrfs: qgroup: Use delayed subtree rescan for balance Qu Wenruo
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  7 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Qu Wenruo @ 2019-01-07  5:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-btrfs

To allow delayed subtree swap rescan, btrfs needs to record per-root
info about which tree blocks get swapped.

So this patch introduces per-root btrfs_qgroup_swapped_blocks structure,
which records which tree blocks get swapped.

The designed workflow will be:

1) Record the subtree root block get swapped.

   During subtree swap:
   O = Old tree blocks
   N = New tree blocks
         reloc tree                         file tree X
            Root                               Root
           /    \                             /    \
         NA     OB                          OA      OB
       /  |     |  \                      /  |      |  \
     NC  ND     OE  OF                   OC  OD     OE  OF

  In these case, NA and OA is going to be swapped, record (NA, OA) into
  file tree X.

2) After subtree swap.
         reloc tree                         file tree X
            Root                               Root
           /    \                             /    \
         OA     OB                          NA      OB
       /  |     |  \                      /  |      |  \
     OC  OD     OE  OF                   NC  ND     OE  OF

3a) CoW happens for OB
    If we are going to CoW tree block OB, we check OB's bytenr against
    tree X's swapped_blocks structure.
    It doesn't fit any one, nothing will happen.

3b) CoW happens for NA
    Check NA's bytenr against tree X's swapped_blocks, and get a hit.
    Then we do subtree scan on both subtree OA and NA.
    Resulting 6 tree blocks to be scanned (OA, OC, OD, NA, NC, ND).

    Then no matter what we do to file tree X, qgroup numbers will
    still be correct.
    Then NA's record get removed from X's swapped_blocks.

4)  Transaction commit
    Any record in X's swapped_blocks get removed, since there is no
    modification to swapped subtrees, no need to trigger heavy qgroup
    subtree rescan for them.

This will introduce 128 bytes overhead for each btrfs_root even qgroup
is not enabled.

Signed-off-by: Qu Wenruo <wqu@suse.com>
---
 fs/btrfs/ctree.h       |  14 +++++
 fs/btrfs/disk-io.c     |   1 +
 fs/btrfs/qgroup.c      | 130 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/btrfs/qgroup.h      |  99 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/btrfs/relocation.c  |   7 +++
 fs/btrfs/transaction.c |   1 +
 6 files changed, 252 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/btrfs/ctree.h b/fs/btrfs/ctree.h
index a669fa1bda7b..f7ab20901bc3 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/ctree.h
+++ b/fs/btrfs/ctree.h
@@ -1198,6 +1198,17 @@ enum {
 	BTRFS_ROOT_DEAD_RELOC_TREE,
 };
 
+/*
+ * Record swapped tree blocks of a file/subvolume tree for delayed subtree
+ * trace code. For detail check comment in fs/btrfs/qgroup.c.
+ */
+struct btrfs_qgroup_swapped_blocks {
+	spinlock_t lock;
+	struct rb_root blocks[BTRFS_MAX_LEVEL];
+	/* RM_EMPTY_ROOT() of above blocks[] */
+	bool swapped;
+};
+
 /*
  * in ram representation of the tree.  extent_root is used for all allocations
  * and for the extent tree extent_root root.
@@ -1325,6 +1336,9 @@ struct btrfs_root {
 	/* Number of active swapfiles */
 	atomic_t nr_swapfiles;
 
+	/* Record pairs of swapped blocks for qgroup */
+	struct btrfs_qgroup_swapped_blocks swapped_blocks;
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_BTRFS_FS_RUN_SANITY_TESTS
 	u64 alloc_bytenr;
 #endif
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/disk-io.c b/fs/btrfs/disk-io.c
index 8da2f380d3c0..0163887e2e4a 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/disk-io.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/disk-io.c
@@ -1218,6 +1218,7 @@ static void __setup_root(struct btrfs_root *root, struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
 	root->anon_dev = 0;
 
 	spin_lock_init(&root->root_item_lock);
+	btrfs_qgroup_init_swapped_blocks(&root->swapped_blocks);
 }
 
 static struct btrfs_root *btrfs_alloc_root(struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info,
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
index 8fe6ebe9aef8..cb45640b05d1 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
@@ -3797,3 +3797,133 @@ void btrfs_qgroup_check_reserved_leak(struct inode *inode)
 	}
 	extent_changeset_release(&changeset);
 }
+
+/*
+ * Delete all swapped blocks record of @root.
+ * Every record here means we skipped a full subtree scan for qgroup.
+ *
+ * Get called when commit one transaction.
+ */
+void btrfs_qgroup_clean_swapped_blocks(struct btrfs_root *root)
+{
+	struct btrfs_qgroup_swapped_blocks *swapped_blocks;
+	int i;
+
+	swapped_blocks = &root->swapped_blocks;
+
+	spin_lock(&swapped_blocks->lock);
+	if (!swapped_blocks->swapped)
+		goto out;
+	for (i = 0; i < BTRFS_MAX_LEVEL; i++) {
+		struct rb_root *cur_root = &swapped_blocks->blocks[i];
+		struct btrfs_qgroup_swapped_block *entry;
+		struct btrfs_qgroup_swapped_block *next;
+
+		rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe(entry, next, cur_root,
+						     node)
+			kfree(entry);
+		swapped_blocks->blocks[i] = RB_ROOT;
+	}
+	swapped_blocks->swapped = false;
+out:
+	spin_unlock(&swapped_blocks->lock);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Adding subtree roots record into @file_root.
+ *
+ * @file_root:		tree root of the file tree get swapped
+ * @bg:			block group under balance
+ * @file_parent/slot:	pointer to the subtree root in file tree
+ * @reloc_parent/slot:	pointer to the subtree root in reloc tree
+ *			BOTH POINTERS ARE BEFORE TREE SWAP
+ * @last_snapshot:	last snapshot generation of the file tree
+ */
+int btrfs_qgroup_add_swapped_blocks(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
+		struct btrfs_root *file_root,
+		struct btrfs_block_group_cache *bg,
+		struct extent_buffer *file_parent, int file_slot,
+		struct extent_buffer *reloc_parent, int reloc_slot,
+		u64 last_snapshot)
+{
+	int level = btrfs_header_level(file_parent) - 1;
+	struct btrfs_qgroup_swapped_blocks *blocks = &file_root->swapped_blocks;
+	struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = file_root->fs_info;
+	struct btrfs_qgroup_swapped_block *block;
+	struct rb_node **p = &blocks->blocks[level].rb_node;
+	struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	if (!test_bit(BTRFS_FS_QUOTA_ENABLED, &fs_info->flags))
+		return 0;
+
+	if (btrfs_node_ptr_generation(file_parent, file_slot) >
+		btrfs_node_ptr_generation(reloc_parent, reloc_slot)) {
+		btrfs_err_rl(fs_info,
+		"%s: bad parameter order, file_gen=%llu reloc_gen=%llu",
+			__func__,
+			btrfs_node_ptr_generation(file_parent, file_slot),
+			btrfs_node_ptr_generation(reloc_parent, reloc_slot));
+		return -EUCLEAN;
+	}
+
+	block = kmalloc(sizeof(*block), GFP_NOFS);
+	if (!block) {
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * @reloc_parent/slot is still *BEFORE* swap, while @block is going to
+	 * record the bytenr *AFTER* swap, so we do the swap here.
+	 */
+	block->file_bytenr = btrfs_node_blockptr(reloc_parent, reloc_slot);
+	block->file_generation = btrfs_node_ptr_generation(reloc_parent,
+							   reloc_slot);
+	block->reloc_bytenr = btrfs_node_blockptr(file_parent, file_slot);
+	block->reloc_generation = btrfs_node_ptr_generation(file_parent,
+							    file_slot);
+	block->last_snapshot = last_snapshot;
+	block->level = level;
+	if (bg->flags & BTRFS_BLOCK_GROUP_DATA)
+		block->trace_leaf = true;
+	else
+		block->trace_leaf = false;
+	btrfs_node_key_to_cpu(reloc_parent, &block->first_key, reloc_slot);
+
+	/* Insert @block into @blocks */
+	spin_lock(&blocks->lock);
+	while (*p) {
+		struct btrfs_qgroup_swapped_block *entry;
+
+		parent = *p;
+		entry = rb_entry(parent, struct btrfs_qgroup_swapped_block,
+				 node);
+
+		if (entry->file_bytenr < block->file_bytenr)
+			p = &(*p)->rb_left;
+		else if (entry->file_bytenr > block->file_bytenr)
+			p = &(*p)->rb_right;
+		else {
+			if (entry->file_generation != block->file_generation ||
+			    entry->reloc_bytenr != block->reloc_bytenr ||
+			    entry->reloc_generation !=
+			    block->reloc_generation) {
+				WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+				ret = -EEXIST;
+			}
+			kfree(block);
+			goto out_unlock;
+		}
+	}
+	rb_link_node(&block->node, parent, p);
+	rb_insert_color(&block->node, &blocks->blocks[level]);
+	blocks->swapped = true;
+out_unlock:
+	spin_unlock(&blocks->lock);
+out:
+	if (ret < 0)
+		fs_info->qgroup_flags |=
+			BTRFS_QGROUP_STATUS_FLAG_INCONSISTENT;
+	return ret;
+}
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h
index 226956f0bd73..b190997ea7cd 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h
+++ b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h
@@ -6,6 +6,8 @@
 #ifndef BTRFS_QGROUP_H
 #define BTRFS_QGROUP_H
 
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/rbtree.h>
 #include "ulist.h"
 #include "delayed-ref.h"
 
@@ -37,6 +39,66 @@
  *    Normally at qgroup rescan and transaction commit time.
  */
 
+/*
+ * Special performance hack for balance.
+ *
+ * For balance, we need to swap subtree of file and reloc tree.
+ * In theory, we need to trace all subtree blocks of both file and reloc tree,
+ * since their owner has changed during such swap.
+ *
+ * However since balance has ensured that both subtrees are containing the
+ * same contents and have the same tree structures, such swap won't cause
+ * qgroup number change.
+ *
+ * But there is a race window between subtree swap and transaction commit,
+ * during that window, if we increase/decrease tree level or merge/split tree
+ * blocks, we still needs to trace original subtrees.
+ *
+ * So for balance, we use a delayed subtree trace, whose workflow is:
+ *
+ * 1) Record the subtree root block get swapped.
+ *
+ *    During subtree swap:
+ *    O = Old tree blocks
+ *    N = New tree blocks
+ *          reloc tree                         file tree X
+ *             Root                               Root
+ *            /    \                             /    \
+ *          NA     OB                          OA      OB
+ *        /  |     |  \                      /  |      |  \
+ *      NC  ND     OE  OF                   OC  OD     OE  OF
+ *
+ *   In these case, NA and OA is going to be swapped, record (NA, OA) into
+ *   file tree X.
+ *
+ * 2) After subtree swap.
+ *          reloc tree                         file tree X
+ *             Root                               Root
+ *            /    \                             /    \
+ *          OA     OB                          NA      OB
+ *        /  |     |  \                      /  |      |  \
+ *      OC  OD     OE  OF                   NC  ND     OE  OF
+ *
+ * 3a) CoW happens for OB
+ *     If we are going to CoW tree block OB, we check OB's bytenr against
+ *     tree X's swapped_blocks structure.
+ *     It doesn't fit any one, nothing will happen.
+ *
+ * 3b) CoW happens for NA
+ *     Check NA's bytenr against tree X's swapped_blocks, and get a hit.
+ *     Then we do subtree scan on both subtree OA and NA.
+ *     Resulting 6 tree blocks to be scanned (OA, OC, OD, NA, NC, ND).
+ *
+ *     Then no matter what we do to file tree X, qgroup numbers will
+ *     still be correct.
+ *     Then NA's record get removed from X's swapped_blocks.
+ *
+ * 4)  Transaction commit
+ *     Any record in X's swapped_blocks get removed, since there is no
+ *     modification to swapped subtrees, no need to trigger heavy qgroup
+ *     subtree rescan for them.
+ */
+
 /*
  * Record a dirty extent, and info qgroup to update quota on it
  * TODO: Use kmem cache to alloc it.
@@ -59,6 +121,24 @@ struct btrfs_qgroup_extent_record {
 	struct ulist *old_roots;
 };
 
+struct btrfs_qgroup_swapped_block {
+	struct rb_node node;
+
+	bool trace_leaf;
+	int level;
+
+	/* bytenr/generation of the tree block in file tree after swap */
+	u64 file_bytenr;
+	u64 file_generation;
+
+	/* bytenr/generation of the tree block in reloc tree after swap */
+	u64 reloc_bytenr;
+	u64 reloc_generation;
+
+	u64 last_snapshot;
+	struct btrfs_key first_key;
+};
+
 /*
  * Qgroup reservation types:
  *
@@ -301,4 +381,23 @@ void btrfs_qgroup_convert_reserved_meta(struct btrfs_root *root, int num_bytes);
 
 void btrfs_qgroup_check_reserved_leak(struct inode *inode);
 
+/* btrfs_qgroup_swapped_blocks related functions */
+static inline void btrfs_qgroup_init_swapped_blocks(
+		struct btrfs_qgroup_swapped_blocks *swapped_blocks)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	spin_lock_init(&swapped_blocks->lock);
+	for (i = 0; i < BTRFS_MAX_LEVEL; i++)
+		swapped_blocks->blocks[i] = RB_ROOT;
+	swapped_blocks->swapped = false;
+}
+
+void btrfs_qgroup_clean_swapped_blocks(struct btrfs_root *root);
+int btrfs_qgroup_add_swapped_blocks(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
+		struct btrfs_root *file_root,
+		struct btrfs_block_group_cache *bg,
+		struct extent_buffer *file_parent, int file_slot,
+		struct extent_buffer *reloc_parent, int reloc_slot,
+		u64 last_snapshot);
 #endif
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/relocation.c b/fs/btrfs/relocation.c
index 8109c28c2ecc..9b8a15e90ab0 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/relocation.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/relocation.c
@@ -1913,6 +1913,13 @@ int replace_path(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans, struct reloc_control *rc,
 		if (ret < 0)
 			break;
 
+		btrfs_node_key_to_cpu(parent, &first_key, slot);
+		ret = btrfs_qgroup_add_swapped_blocks(trans, dest,
+				rc->block_group, parent, slot,
+				path->nodes[level], path->slots[level],
+				last_snapshot);
+		if (ret < 0)
+			break;
 		/*
 		 * swap blocks in fs tree and reloc tree.
 		 */
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/transaction.c b/fs/btrfs/transaction.c
index 127fa1535f58..22b0dacae003 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/transaction.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/transaction.c
@@ -122,6 +122,7 @@ static noinline void switch_commit_roots(struct btrfs_transaction *trans)
 		if (is_fstree(root->root_key.objectid))
 			btrfs_unpin_free_ino(root);
 		clear_btree_io_tree(&root->dirty_log_pages);
+		btrfs_qgroup_clean_swapped_blocks(root);
 	}
 
 	/* We can free old roots now. */
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3.1 6/7] btrfs: qgroup: Use delayed subtree rescan for balance
  2019-01-07  5:41 [PATCH v3.1 0/7] btrfs: qgroup: Delay subtree scan to reduce overhead Qu Wenruo
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 5/7] btrfs: qgroup: Introduce per-root swapped blocks infrastructure Qu Wenruo
@ 2019-01-07  5:41 ` Qu Wenruo
  2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 7/7] btrfs: qgroup: Cleanup old subtree swap code Qu Wenruo
  2019-01-08 14:27 ` [PATCH v3.1 0/7] btrfs: qgroup: Delay subtree scan to reduce overhead David Sterba
  7 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Qu Wenruo @ 2019-01-07  5:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-btrfs

Before this patch, qgroup code trace the whole subtree of file and reloc
trees unconditionally.

This makes qgroup numbers consistent, but it could cause tons of
unnecessary extent trace, which cause a lot of overhead.

However for subtree swap of balance, since both subtree contains the
same content and tree structures, just swap them won't change qgroup
numbers.

It's the race window between subtree swap and transaction commit could
cause qgroup number change.

This patch will delay the qgroup subtree scan until CoW happens for the
subtree root.

So if there is no other operations for the fs, balance won't cause extra
qgroup overhead. (best case scenario)
And depends on the workload, most of the subtree scan can still be
avoided.

Only for worst case scenario, it will fall back to old subtree swap
overhead. (scan all swapped subtrees)

[[Benchmark]]
Hardware:
	VM 4G vRAM, 8 vCPUs,
	disk is using 'unsafe' cache mode,
	backing device is SAMSUNG 850 evo SSD.
	Host has 16G ram.

Mkfs parameter:
	--nodesize 4K (To bump up tree size)

Initial subvolume contents:
	4G data copied from /usr and /lib.
	(With enough regular small files)

Snapshots:
	16 snapshots of the original subvolume.
	each snapshot has 3 random files modified.

balance parameter:
	-m

So the content should be pretty similar to a real world root fs layout.

And after file system population, there is no other activity, so it
should be the best case scenario.

                     | v4.20-rc1            | w/ patchset    | diff
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
relocated extents    | 22615                | 22457          | -0.1%
qgroup dirty extents | 163457               | 121606         | -25.6%
time (sys)           | 22.884s              | 18.842s        | -17.6%
time (real)          | 27.724s              | 22.884s        | -17.5%

Signed-off-by: Qu Wenruo <wqu@suse.com>
---
 fs/btrfs/ctree.c      |  8 ++++
 fs/btrfs/qgroup.c     | 87 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/btrfs/qgroup.h     |  2 +
 fs/btrfs/relocation.c | 14 +++----
 4 files changed, 102 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/btrfs/ctree.c b/fs/btrfs/ctree.c
index d92462fe66c8..ed28aa7c5f5c 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/ctree.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/ctree.c
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
 #include "print-tree.h"
 #include "locking.h"
 #include "volumes.h"
+#include "qgroup.h"
 
 static int split_node(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans, struct btrfs_root
 		      *root, struct btrfs_path *path, int level);
@@ -1465,6 +1466,13 @@ noinline int btrfs_cow_block(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 		btrfs_set_lock_blocking(parent);
 	btrfs_set_lock_blocking(buf);
 
+	/*
+	 * Before CoWing this block for later modification, check if it's
+	 * the subtree root and do the delayed subtree trace if needed.
+	 *
+	 * Also We don't care about the error, as it's handled internally.
+	 */
+	btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree_after_cow(trans, root, buf);
 	ret = __btrfs_cow_block(trans, root, buf, parent,
 				 parent_slot, cow_ret, search_start, 0);
 
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
index cb45640b05d1..4aedf17b7e55 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
@@ -3927,3 +3927,90 @@ int btrfs_qgroup_add_swapped_blocks(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 			BTRFS_QGROUP_STATUS_FLAG_INCONSISTENT;
 	return ret;
 }
+
+/*
+ * Check if the tree block is a subtree root, and if so do the needed
+ * delayed subtree trace for qgroup.
+ *
+ * This is called during btrfs_cow_block().
+ */
+int btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree_after_cow(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
+		struct btrfs_root *root, struct extent_buffer *file_eb)
+{
+	struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = root->fs_info;
+	struct btrfs_qgroup_swapped_blocks *blocks = &root->swapped_blocks;
+	struct btrfs_qgroup_swapped_block *block;
+	struct extent_buffer *reloc_eb = NULL;
+	struct rb_node *n;
+	bool found = false;
+	bool swapped = false;
+	int level = btrfs_header_level(file_eb);
+	int ret = 0;
+	int i;
+
+	if (!test_bit(BTRFS_FS_QUOTA_ENABLED, &fs_info->flags))
+		return 0;
+	if (!is_fstree(root->root_key.objectid) || !root->reloc_root)
+		return 0;
+
+	spin_lock(&blocks->lock);
+	if (!blocks->swapped) {
+		spin_unlock(&blocks->lock);
+		goto out;
+	}
+	n = blocks->blocks[level].rb_node;
+
+	while (n) {
+		block = rb_entry(n, struct btrfs_qgroup_swapped_block, node);
+		if (block->file_bytenr < file_eb->start)
+			n = n->rb_left;
+		else if (block->file_bytenr > file_eb->start)
+			n = n->rb_right;
+		else {
+			found = true;
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+	if (!found) {
+		spin_unlock(&blocks->lock);
+		goto out;
+	}
+	/* Found one, remove it from @blocks first and update blocks->swapped */
+	rb_erase(&block->node, &blocks->blocks[level]);
+	for (i = 0; i < BTRFS_MAX_LEVEL; i++) {
+		if (RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&blocks->blocks[i])) {
+			swapped = true;
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+	blocks->swapped = swapped;
+	spin_unlock(&blocks->lock);
+
+	/* Read out reloc subtree root */
+	reloc_eb = read_tree_block(fs_info, block->reloc_bytenr,
+				   block->reloc_generation, block->level,
+				   &block->first_key);
+	if (IS_ERR(reloc_eb)) {
+		ret = PTR_ERR(file_eb);
+		reloc_eb = NULL;
+		goto free_out;
+	}
+	if (!extent_buffer_uptodate(reloc_eb)) {
+		ret = -EIO;
+		goto free_out;
+	}
+
+	ret = qgroup_trace_subtree_swap(trans, reloc_eb, file_eb,
+			block->last_snapshot, block->trace_leaf);
+free_out:
+	kfree(block);
+	free_extent_buffer(reloc_eb);
+out:
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		btrfs_err_rl(fs_info,
+			     "failed to account subtree at bytenr %llu: %d",
+			     file_eb->start, ret);
+		fs_info->qgroup_flags |= BTRFS_QGROUP_STATUS_FLAG_INCONSISTENT;
+	}
+	return ret;
+}
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h
index b190997ea7cd..285b70ed4c75 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h
+++ b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h
@@ -400,4 +400,6 @@ int btrfs_qgroup_add_swapped_blocks(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 		struct extent_buffer *file_parent, int file_slot,
 		struct extent_buffer *reloc_parent, int reloc_slot,
 		u64 last_snapshot);
+int btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree_after_cow(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
+		struct btrfs_root *root, struct extent_buffer *eb);
 #endif
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/relocation.c b/fs/btrfs/relocation.c
index 9b8a15e90ab0..8fa51b2a4a5e 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/relocation.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/relocation.c
@@ -1904,16 +1904,12 @@ int replace_path(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans, struct reloc_control *rc,
 		 *    If not traced, we will leak data numbers
 		 * 2) Fs subtree
 		 *    If not traced, we will double count old data
-		 *    and tree block numbers, if current trans doesn't free
-		 *    data reloc tree inode.
+		 *
+		 * We don't scan the subtree right now, but only record
+		 * the swapped tree blocks.
+		 * The real subtree rescan is delayed until we have new
+		 * CoW on the subtree root node before transaction commit.
 		 */
-		ret = btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree_swap(trans, rc->block_group,
-				parent, slot, path->nodes[level],
-				path->slots[level], last_snapshot);
-		if (ret < 0)
-			break;
-
-		btrfs_node_key_to_cpu(parent, &first_key, slot);
 		ret = btrfs_qgroup_add_swapped_blocks(trans, dest,
 				rc->block_group, parent, slot,
 				path->nodes[level], path->slots[level],
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3.1 7/7] btrfs: qgroup: Cleanup old subtree swap code
  2019-01-07  5:41 [PATCH v3.1 0/7] btrfs: qgroup: Delay subtree scan to reduce overhead Qu Wenruo
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 6/7] btrfs: qgroup: Use delayed subtree rescan for balance Qu Wenruo
@ 2019-01-07  5:41 ` Qu Wenruo
  2019-01-08 14:27 ` [PATCH v3.1 0/7] btrfs: qgroup: Delay subtree scan to reduce overhead David Sterba
  7 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Qu Wenruo @ 2019-01-07  5:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-btrfs

Since it's replaced by new delayed subtree swap code, remove the
original code.

The cleanup is small since most of its core function is still used by
delayed subtree swap trace.

Signed-off-by: Qu Wenruo <wqu@suse.com>
---
 fs/btrfs/qgroup.c | 94 -----------------------------------------------
 fs/btrfs/qgroup.h |  6 ---
 2 files changed, 100 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
index 4aedf17b7e55..f16de81c7732 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.c
@@ -2048,100 +2048,6 @@ static int qgroup_trace_subtree_swap(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 	return ret;
 }
 
-/*
- * Inform qgroup to trace subtree swap used in balance.
- *
- * Unlike btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree(), this function will only trace
- * new tree blocks whose generation is equal to (or larger than) @last_snapshot.
- *
- * Will go down the tree block pointed by @dst_eb (pointed by @dst_parent and
- * @dst_slot), and find any tree blocks whose generation is at @last_snapshot,
- * and then go down @src_eb (pointed by @src_parent and @src_slot) to find
- * the counterpart of the tree block, then mark both tree blocks as qgroup dirty,
- * and skip all tree blocks whose generation is smaller than last_snapshot.
- *
- * This would skip tons of tree blocks of original btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree(),
- * which could be the cause of very slow balance if the file tree is large.
- *
- * @src_parent, @src_slot: pointer to src (file tree) eb.
- * @dst_parent, @dst_slot: pointer to dst (reloc tree) eb.
- */
-int btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree_swap(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
-				struct btrfs_block_group_cache *bg_cache,
-				struct extent_buffer *src_parent, int src_slot,
-				struct extent_buffer *dst_parent, int dst_slot,
-				u64 last_snapshot)
-{
-	struct btrfs_fs_info *fs_info = trans->fs_info;
-	struct btrfs_key first_key;
-	struct extent_buffer *src_eb = NULL;
-	struct extent_buffer *dst_eb = NULL;
-	bool trace_leaf = false;
-	u64 child_gen;
-	u64 child_bytenr;
-	int ret;
-
-	if (!test_bit(BTRFS_FS_QUOTA_ENABLED, &fs_info->flags))
-		return 0;
-
-	/* Check parameter order */
-	if (btrfs_node_ptr_generation(src_parent, src_slot) >
-	    btrfs_node_ptr_generation(dst_parent, dst_slot)) {
-		btrfs_err_rl(fs_info,
-		"%s: bad parameter order, src_gen=%llu dst_gen=%llu", __func__,
-			btrfs_node_ptr_generation(src_parent, src_slot),
-			btrfs_node_ptr_generation(dst_parent, dst_slot));
-		return -EUCLEAN;
-	}
-
-	/*
-	 * Only trace leaf if we're relocating data block groups, this could
-	 * reduce tons of data extents tracing for meta/sys bg relocation.
-	 */
-	if (bg_cache->flags & BTRFS_BLOCK_GROUP_DATA)
-		trace_leaf = true;
-	/* Read out real @src_eb, pointed by @src_parent and @src_slot */
-	child_bytenr = btrfs_node_blockptr(src_parent, src_slot);
-	child_gen = btrfs_node_ptr_generation(src_parent, src_slot);
-	btrfs_node_key_to_cpu(src_parent, &first_key, src_slot);
-
-	src_eb = read_tree_block(fs_info, child_bytenr, child_gen,
-			btrfs_header_level(src_parent) - 1, &first_key);
-	if (IS_ERR(src_eb)) {
-		ret = PTR_ERR(src_eb);
-		goto out;
-	}
-
-	/* Read out real @dst_eb, pointed by @src_parent and @src_slot */
-	child_bytenr = btrfs_node_blockptr(dst_parent, dst_slot);
-	child_gen = btrfs_node_ptr_generation(dst_parent, dst_slot);
-	btrfs_node_key_to_cpu(dst_parent, &first_key, dst_slot);
-
-	dst_eb = read_tree_block(fs_info, child_bytenr, child_gen,
-			btrfs_header_level(dst_parent) - 1, &first_key);
-	if (IS_ERR(dst_eb)) {
-		ret = PTR_ERR(dst_eb);
-		goto out;
-	}
-
-	if (!extent_buffer_uptodate(src_eb) || !extent_buffer_uptodate(dst_eb)) {
-		ret = -EINVAL;
-		goto out;
-	}
-
-	/* Do the generation aware breadth-first search */
-	ret = qgroup_trace_subtree_swap(trans, src_eb, dst_eb, last_snapshot,
-					trace_leaf);
-	if (ret < 0)
-		goto out;
-	ret = 0;
-
-out:
-	free_extent_buffer(src_eb);
-	free_extent_buffer(dst_eb);
-	return ret;
-}
-
 int btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 			       struct extent_buffer *root_eb,
 			       u64 root_gen, int root_level)
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h
index 285b70ed4c75..a35be351fb5c 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h
+++ b/fs/btrfs/qgroup.h
@@ -301,12 +301,6 @@ int btrfs_qgroup_trace_leaf_items(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 int btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
 			       struct extent_buffer *root_eb,
 			       u64 root_gen, int root_level);
-
-int btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree_swap(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
-				struct btrfs_block_group_cache *bg_cache,
-				struct extent_buffer *src_parent, int src_slot,
-				struct extent_buffer *dst_parent, int dst_slot,
-				u64 last_snapshot);
 int btrfs_qgroup_account_extent(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans, u64 bytenr,
 				u64 num_bytes, struct ulist *old_roots,
 				struct ulist *new_roots);
-- 
2.20.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3.1 0/7] btrfs: qgroup: Delay subtree scan to reduce overhead
  2019-01-07  5:41 [PATCH v3.1 0/7] btrfs: qgroup: Delay subtree scan to reduce overhead Qu Wenruo
                   ` (6 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 7/7] btrfs: qgroup: Cleanup old subtree swap code Qu Wenruo
@ 2019-01-08 14:27 ` David Sterba
  7 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: David Sterba @ 2019-01-08 14:27 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Qu Wenruo; +Cc: linux-btrfs

On Mon, Jan 07, 2019 at 01:41:44PM +0800, Qu Wenruo wrote:
> This patchset can be fetched from github:
> https://github.com/adam900710/linux/tree/qgroup_delayed_subtree
> 
> Which is based on v5.0-rc1.

Thanks. This has passed basic tests so I'll add it to for-next.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3.1 3/7] btrfs: relocation: Delay reloc tree deletion after merge_reloc_roots()
  2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 3/7] btrfs: relocation: Delay reloc tree deletion after merge_reloc_roots() Qu Wenruo
@ 2019-01-14 17:04   ` David Sterba
  2019-01-14 17:11   ` David Sterba
  2019-01-14 17:21   ` David Sterba
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: David Sterba @ 2019-01-14 17:04 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Qu Wenruo; +Cc: linux-btrfs

On Mon, Jan 07, 2019 at 01:41:47PM +0800, Qu Wenruo wrote:
> +static int insert_dirty_root(struct btrfs_trans_handle *trans,
> +			     struct reloc_control *rc,
> +			     struct btrfs_root *root)
> +{
> +	struct rb_node **p = &rc->dirty_roots.rb_node;
> +	struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
> +	struct dirty_source_root *entry;
> +	struct btrfs_root *reloc_root = root->reloc_root;
> +	struct btrfs_root_item *reloc_root_item;
> +	u64 root_objectid = root->root_key.objectid;
> +
> +	/* @root must be a file tree root*/
> +	ASSERT(root_objectid != BTRFS_TREE_RELOC_OBJECTID);
> +	ASSERT(reloc_root);
> +
> +	reloc_root_item = &reloc_root->root_item;
> +	memset(&reloc_root_item->drop_progress, 0,
> +		sizeof(reloc_root_item->drop_progress));
> +	reloc_root_item->drop_level = 0;
> +	btrfs_set_root_refs(reloc_root_item, 0);
> +	btrfs_update_reloc_root(trans, root);
> +
> +	/* We're at relocation route, not writeback route, GFP_KERNEL is OK */
> +	entry = kmalloc(sizeof(*entry), GFP_KERNEL);

The open transaction also mandates GFP_NOFS, so that's another thing
to the locks and writeback constraints.

> +	if (!entry)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +	btrfs_grab_fs_root(root);
> +	entry->root = root;
> +	while (*p) {
> +		struct dirty_source_root *cur_entry;
> +
> +		parent = *p;
> +		cur_entry = rb_entry(parent, struct dirty_source_root, node);
> +
> +		if (root_objectid < cur_entry->root->root_key.objectid)
> +			p = &(*p)->rb_left;
> +		else if (root_objectid > cur_entry->root->root_key.objectid)
> +			p = &(*p)->rb_right;

Please stick to the coding style, { } around single statement if/else in
case they're chained and there's one multi statement block.

> +		else {
> +			/* This root is already dirtied */
> +			btrfs_put_fs_root(root);
> +			kfree(entry);
> +			return 0;
> +		}
> +	}
> +	rb_link_node(&entry->node, parent, p);
> +	rb_insert_color(&entry->node, &rc->dirty_roots);
> +	return 0;
> +}

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3.1 3/7] btrfs: relocation: Delay reloc tree deletion after merge_reloc_roots()
  2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 3/7] btrfs: relocation: Delay reloc tree deletion after merge_reloc_roots() Qu Wenruo
  2019-01-14 17:04   ` David Sterba
@ 2019-01-14 17:11   ` David Sterba
  2019-01-15  0:44     ` Qu Wenruo
  2019-01-14 17:21   ` David Sterba
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 14+ messages in thread
From: David Sterba @ 2019-01-14 17:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Qu Wenruo; +Cc: linux-btrfs

On Mon, Jan 07, 2019 at 01:41:47PM +0800, Qu Wenruo wrote:
> +/*
> + * Helper structure to keep record of a file tree whose reloc
> + * root needs to be cleaned up.
> + *
> + * Since reloc_control is used less frequently than btrfs_root, this should
> + * prevent us to add another structure in btrfs_root.

The alternative is to keep that in btrfs_root and avoid all allocations
that also remove one failure possibility. The overall root structure
size is over 1K already and roots get allocated from the generic slabs,
so quite possible from the 2K slab anyway. A few more bytes will not be
that expensive though the number of uses of the data would be very low.

Memory failures are ok for restartable operations and at the beginning
of the operation. Imagine that relocation fails with ENOMEM after hours
of shuffling data just before it is about to finish.

I think in another patch you add 128 bytes to btrfs_root anyway, so some
kind of memory consumption increas will happen anyway.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3.1 3/7] btrfs: relocation: Delay reloc tree deletion after merge_reloc_roots()
  2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 3/7] btrfs: relocation: Delay reloc tree deletion after merge_reloc_roots() Qu Wenruo
  2019-01-14 17:04   ` David Sterba
  2019-01-14 17:11   ` David Sterba
@ 2019-01-14 17:21   ` David Sterba
  2019-01-15  0:54     ` Qu Wenruo
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 14+ messages in thread
From: David Sterba @ 2019-01-14 17:21 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Qu Wenruo; +Cc: linux-btrfs

On Mon, Jan 07, 2019 at 01:41:47PM +0800, Qu Wenruo wrote:
> +/*
> + * Helper structure to keep record of a file tree whose reloc
> + * root needs to be cleaned up.
> + *
> + * Since reloc_control is used less frequently than btrfs_root, this should
> + * prevent us to add another structure in btrfs_root.
> + */
> +struct dirty_source_root {
> +	struct rb_node node;
> +
> +	/* Root must be file tree */

The naming starts here and is used in the following patches too: the
naming is IMO confusing, here it's still ok but variables like
'file_bytenr' or 'file_parent' sound weird in context of relocation.

The file tree is the subvolume right, or would it be confusing in
another way?

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3.1 3/7] btrfs: relocation: Delay reloc tree deletion after merge_reloc_roots()
  2019-01-14 17:11   ` David Sterba
@ 2019-01-15  0:44     ` Qu Wenruo
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Qu Wenruo @ 2019-01-15  0:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: dsterba, Qu Wenruo, linux-btrfs

[-- Attachment #1.1: Type: text/plain, Size: 1179 bytes --]



On 2019/1/15 上午1:11, David Sterba wrote:
> On Mon, Jan 07, 2019 at 01:41:47PM +0800, Qu Wenruo wrote:
>> +/*
>> + * Helper structure to keep record of a file tree whose reloc
>> + * root needs to be cleaned up.
>> + *
>> + * Since reloc_control is used less frequently than btrfs_root, this should
>> + * prevent us to add another structure in btrfs_root.
> 
> The alternative is to keep that in btrfs_root and avoid all allocations
> that also remove one failure possibility. The overall root structure
> size is over 1K already and roots get allocated from the generic slabs,
> so quite possible from the 2K slab anyway. A few more bytes will not be
> that expensive though the number of uses of the data would be very low.
> 
> Memory failures are ok for restartable operations and at the beginning
> of the operation. Imagine that relocation fails with ENOMEM after hours
> of shuffling data just before it is about to finish.
> 
> I think in another patch you add 128 bytes to btrfs_root anyway, so some
> kind of memory consumption increas will happen anyway.

Indeed, I'll just use a list_head in btrfs_root to record this.

Thanks,
Qu


[-- Attachment #2: OpenPGP digital signature --]
[-- Type: application/pgp-signature, Size: 488 bytes --]

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3.1 3/7] btrfs: relocation: Delay reloc tree deletion after merge_reloc_roots()
  2019-01-14 17:21   ` David Sterba
@ 2019-01-15  0:54     ` Qu Wenruo
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 14+ messages in thread
From: Qu Wenruo @ 2019-01-15  0:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: dsterba, Qu Wenruo, linux-btrfs

[-- Attachment #1.1: Type: text/plain, Size: 1224 bytes --]



On 2019/1/15 上午1:21, David Sterba wrote:
> On Mon, Jan 07, 2019 at 01:41:47PM +0800, Qu Wenruo wrote:
>> +/*
>> + * Helper structure to keep record of a file tree whose reloc
>> + * root needs to be cleaned up.
>> + *
>> + * Since reloc_control is used less frequently than btrfs_root, this should
>> + * prevent us to add another structure in btrfs_root.
>> + */
>> +struct dirty_source_root {
>> +	struct rb_node node;
>> +
>> +	/* Root must be file tree */
> 
> The naming starts here and is used in the following patches too: the
> naming is IMO confusing, here it's still ok but variables like
> 'file_bytenr' or 'file_parent' sound weird in context of relocation.

'file_bytenr' and 'file_parent' are introduced in the 5th patch.

My main concern of using traditional naming like 'source/destination'
is, for swapped blocks, source/destination needs extra context to
determine which is which.

So I tend to use naming which shows directly to which tree the block
belongs.

> 
> The file tree is the subvolume right, or would it be confusing in
> another way?
> 
So did you mean use something like 'subv_bytenr' and 'subv_generation'?

I'm OK for this naming.

Thanks,
Qu


[-- Attachment #2: OpenPGP digital signature --]
[-- Type: application/pgp-signature, Size: 488 bytes --]

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 14+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 14+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-01-07  5:41 [PATCH v3.1 0/7] btrfs: qgroup: Delay subtree scan to reduce overhead Qu Wenruo
2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 1/7] btrfs: qgroup: Move reserved data account from btrfs_delayed_ref_head to btrfs_qgroup_extent_record Qu Wenruo
2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 2/7] btrfs: qgroup: Don't trigger backref walk at delayed ref insert time Qu Wenruo
2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 3/7] btrfs: relocation: Delay reloc tree deletion after merge_reloc_roots() Qu Wenruo
2019-01-14 17:04   ` David Sterba
2019-01-14 17:11   ` David Sterba
2019-01-15  0:44     ` Qu Wenruo
2019-01-14 17:21   ` David Sterba
2019-01-15  0:54     ` Qu Wenruo
2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 4/7] btrfs: qgroup: Refactor btrfs_qgroup_trace_subtree_swap() Qu Wenruo
2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 5/7] btrfs: qgroup: Introduce per-root swapped blocks infrastructure Qu Wenruo
2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 6/7] btrfs: qgroup: Use delayed subtree rescan for balance Qu Wenruo
2019-01-07  5:41 ` [PATCH v3.1 7/7] btrfs: qgroup: Cleanup old subtree swap code Qu Wenruo
2019-01-08 14:27 ` [PATCH v3.1 0/7] btrfs: qgroup: Delay subtree scan to reduce overhead David Sterba

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