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From: Brijesh Singh <brijesh.singh@amd.com>
To: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>
Cc: brijesh.singh@amd.com, x86@kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, kvm@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-efi@vger.kernel.org, platform-driver-x86@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-coco@lists.linux.dev, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	linux-crypto@vger.kernel.org,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>, Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>,
	Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>,
	"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>,
	Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>,
	Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>,
	Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>,
	Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>,
	Jim Mattson <jmattson@google.com>,
	Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>,
	Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>,
	Sergio Lopez <slp@redhat.com>, Peter Gonda <pgonda@google.com>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Srinivas Pandruvada <srinivas.pandruvada@linux.intel.com>,
	David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>,
	Dov Murik <dovmurik@linux.ibm.com>,
	Tobin Feldman-Fitzthum <tobin@ibm.com>,
	Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>,
	Michael Roth <michael.roth@amd.com>,
	Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>,
	tony.luck@intel.com, npmccallum@redhat.com,
	brijesh.ksingh@gmail.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 04/40] x86/sev: Add the host SEV-SNP initialization support
Date: Wed, 14 Jul 2021 17:02:25 -0500	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <31e57173-449a-6112-30ac-5b115dda1dbb@amd.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <YO9SGT6byW8w37oO@google.com>



On 7/14/21 4:07 PM, Sean Christopherson wrote:
>>   
>> +#define RMPTABLE_ENTRIES_OFFSET        0x4000
> 
> A comment and/or blurb in the changelog describing this magic number would be
> quite helpful.  And maybe call out that this is for the bookkeeping, e.g.
> 
>    #define RMPTABLE_CPU_BOOKKEEPING_SIZE	0x4000

Noted.

> 
> Also, the APM doesn't actually state the exact location of the bookkeeping
> region, it only states that it's somewhere between RMP_BASE and RMP_END.  This
> seems to imply that the bookkeeping region is always at RMP_BASE?
> 
>    The region of memory between RMP_BASE and RMP_END contains a 16KB region used
>    for processor bookkeeping followed by the RMP entries, which are each 16B in
>    size. The size of the RMP determines the range of physical memory that the
>    hypervisor can assign to SNP-active virtual machines at runtime. The RMP covers
>    the system physical address space from address 0h to the address calculated by:
> 
>    ((RMP_END + 1 – RMP_BASE – 16KB) / 16B) x 4KB
> 

The bookkeeping region is at the start of the RMP_BASE. If we look at 
the PPR then it provides a formula which we should use to read the RMP 
entry location. And in that it adds the bookkeeping to the RMP_BASE.

       RMP Entry Address = RMP_BASE + 0x4000 + x>>8


>> +
>> +	val |= MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG_SNP_EN;
>> +	val |= MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG_SNP_VMPL_EN;
> 
> Is VMPL required?  Do we plan on using VMPL out of the gate?
> 

The SEV-SNP firmware requires that VMPL must be enabled otherwise it 
will fail to initialize. However, the current SEV-SNP support is limited 
to the VMPL0.

> 
> Can BIOS put the RMP at PA=0?

No, they should not. As per the PPR, the 0h is a reset value (means the 
MSR is not programmed).

> 
> Also, why is it a BIOS decision?  AFAICT, the MSRs aren't locked until SNP_EN
> is set in SYSCFG, and that appears to be a kernel decision (ignoring kexec),
> i.e. nothing would prevent the kernel from configuring it's own RMP.

In the current patch set, we assume that user is configuring the BIOS to 
reserve memory for the RMP table. From hardware point-of-view, it does 
not matter who reserves the memory (bios or kernel). In future, we could 
look into reserving the memory from the kernel before through the 
memblock etc.

> 
>> +		pr_info("Memory for the RMP table has not been reserved by BIOS\n");
>> +		return false;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	rmp_sz = rmp_end - rmp_base + 1;
>> +
>> +	/*
>> +	 * Calculate the amount the memory that must be reserved by the BIOS to
>> +	 * address the full system RAM. The reserved memory should also cover the
>> +	 * RMP table itself.
>> +	 *
>> +	 * See PPR section 2.1.5.2 for more information on memory requirement.
>> +	 */
>> +	nr_pages = totalram_pages();
>> +	calc_rmp_sz = (((rmp_sz >> PAGE_SHIFT) + nr_pages) << 4) + RMPTABLE_ENTRIES_OFFSET;
>> +
>> +	if (calc_rmp_sz > rmp_sz) {
>> +		pr_info("Memory reserved for the RMP table does not cover the full system "
>> +			"RAM (expected 0x%llx got 0x%llx)\n", calc_rmp_sz, rmp_sz);
> 
> Is BIOS expected to provide exact coverage, e.g. should this be s/expected/need?
> 

BIOS provides option to reserve the required memory. If they don't cover 
the entire system ram then its a BIOS bug.

Yes, I will fix the wording s/expected/need.

To make things interesting, it also has option where user can specify 
amount of memory to be reserved. If user does not cover the full system 
ram then we need to warn and not enable the SNP. We cannot work with 
partially reserved RMP table memory.


> Should the kernel also sanity check other requirements, e.g. the 8kb alignment,
> or does the CPU enforce those things at WRMSR?
> 

The SNP firmware enforces those requirement. It is documented in the SNP 
firmware specification (SNP_INIT).



>> +
>> +	/*
>> +	 * Check if SEV-SNP is already enabled, this can happen if we are coming from
>> +	 * kexec boot.
>> +	 */
>> +	rdmsrl(MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG, val);
>> +	if (val & MSR_AMD64_SYSCFG_SNP_EN)
> 
> Hmm, it kinda feels like there should be a sanity check for the case where SNP is
> already enabled but get_rmptable_info() fails, e.g. due to insufficient RMP size.
> 

Hmm, I am not sure if we need to do this. We enabled the SNP only after 
all the sanity check is completed, so the get_rmptable_info() will not 
fail after the SNP is enabled. The RMP MSR's are locked after the SNP is 
enabled so we should not see a different size.


>> +		goto skip_enable;
>> +
>> +	/* Initialize the RMP table to zero */
>> +	memset(start, 0, sz);
>> +
>> +	/* Flush the caches to ensure that data is written before SNP is enabled. */
>> +	wbinvd_on_all_cpus();
>> +
>> +	/* Enable SNP on all CPUs. */
>> +	on_each_cpu(snp_enable, NULL, 1);
>> +
>> +skip_enable:
>> +	rmptable_start = (unsigned long)start;
> 
> Mostly out of curiosity, why store start/end as unsigned longs?  This is all 64-bit
> only so it doesn't actually affect the code generation, but it feels odd to store
> things that absolutely have to be 64-bit values as unsigned long.
> 

The AMD memory encryption support is compiled when 64-bit is enabled in 
the Kconfig; Having said that, I am okay to use the u64.


> Similar question for why asm/sev-common.h cases to unsigned long instead of u64.
> E.g. the below in particular looks wrong because we're shifting an unsigned long
> b y32 bits, i.e. the value _must_ be a 64-bit value, why obfuscate that?
> 
> 	#define GHCB_CPUID_REQ(fn, reg)		\
> 		(GHCB_MSR_CPUID_REQ | \
> 		(((unsigned long)reg & GHCB_MSR_CPUID_REG_MASK) << GHCB_MSR_CPUID_REG_POS) | \
> 		(((unsigned long)fn) << GHCB_MSR_CPUID_FUNC_POS))
> 
>> +	rmptable_end = rmptable_start + sz;
>> +
>> +	return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int __init snp_rmptable_init(void)
>> +{
>> +	if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SEV_SNP))
>> +		return 0;
>> +
>> +	/*
>> +	 * The SEV-SNP support requires that IOMMU must be enabled, and is not
>> +	 * configured in the passthrough mode.
>> +	 */
>> +	if (no_iommu || iommu_default_passthrough()) {
> 
> Similar comment regarding the sanity check, kexec'ing into a kernel with SNP
> already enabled should probably fail explicitly if the new kernel is booted with
> incompatible params.

Good point on the kexec, I'll look to cover it.

thanks

  reply	other threads:[~2021-07-14 22:02 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 176+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-07 18:35 [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 00/40] Add AMD Secure Nested Paging (SEV-SNP) Hypervisor Support Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 01/40] KVM: SVM: Add support to handle AP reset MSR protocol Brijesh Singh
2021-07-14 20:17   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-15  7:39     ` Joerg Roedel
2021-07-15 13:42     ` Tom Lendacky
2021-07-15 15:45       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-15 17:05         ` Tom Lendacky
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 02/40] KVM: SVM: Provide the Hypervisor Feature support VMGEXIT Brijesh Singh
2021-07-14 20:37   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-14 21:00     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 03/40] x86/cpufeatures: Add SEV-SNP CPU feature Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 04/40] x86/sev: Add the host SEV-SNP initialization support Brijesh Singh
2021-07-14 21:07   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-14 22:02     ` Brijesh Singh [this message]
2021-07-14 22:06       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-14 22:11         ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 05/40] x86/sev: Add RMP entry lookup helpers Brijesh Singh
2021-07-15 18:37   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-15 19:28     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-16 17:22       ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-20 22:06         ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-20 23:10           ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 06/40] x86/sev: Add helper functions for RMPUPDATE and PSMASH instruction Brijesh Singh
2021-07-12 18:44   ` Peter Gonda
2021-07-12 19:00     ` Dave Hansen
2021-07-15 18:56       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-15 19:08         ` Dave Hansen
2021-07-15 19:18           ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 07/40] x86/sev: Split the physmap when adding the page in RMP table Brijesh Singh
2021-07-14 22:25   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-15 17:05     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-15 17:51       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-15 18:14         ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-15 18:39           ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-15 19:38             ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-15 22:01               ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-15 22:11                 ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-30 11:31               ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-07-30 16:10                 ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 08/40] x86/traps: Define RMP violation #PF error code Brijesh Singh
2021-07-15 19:02   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-15 19:16     ` Dave Hansen
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 09/40] x86/fault: Add support to dump RMP entry on fault Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 19:21   ` Dave Hansen
2021-07-08 15:02     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-08 15:30       ` Dave Hansen
2021-07-08 16:48         ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-08 16:58           ` Dave Hansen
2021-07-08 17:11             ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-08 17:15               ` Dave Hansen
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 10/40] x86/fault: Add support to handle the RMP fault for user address Brijesh Singh
2021-07-08 16:16   ` Dave Hansen
2021-07-12 15:43     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-12 16:00       ` Dave Hansen
2021-07-12 16:11         ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-12 16:15           ` Dave Hansen
2021-07-12 16:24             ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-12 16:29               ` Dave Hansen
2021-07-12 16:49                 ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-15 21:53                   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-30 16:00   ` Vlastimil Babka
2021-07-30 16:31     ` Dave Hansen
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 11/40] crypto:ccp: Define the SEV-SNP commands Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 12/40] crypto: ccp: Add support to initialize the AMD-SP for SEV-SNP Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 13/40] crypto: ccp: Shutdown SNP firmware on kexec Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 14/40] crypto:ccp: Provide APIs to issue SEV-SNP commands Brijesh Singh
2021-07-08 18:56   ` Dr. David Alan Gilbert
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 15/40] crypto: ccp: Handle the legacy TMR allocation when SNP is enabled Brijesh Singh
2021-07-14 13:22   ` Marc Orr
2021-07-14 16:45     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-14 18:14       ` Marc Orr
2021-07-15 23:48   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-16 12:55     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-16 15:35       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-16 15:47         ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 16/40] crypto: ccp: Handle the legacy SEV command " Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 17/40] crypto: ccp: Add the SNP_PLATFORM_STATUS command Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 18/40] crypto: ccp: Add the SNP_{SET,GET}_EXT_CONFIG command Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 19/40] crypto: ccp: provide APIs to query extended attestation report Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 20/40] KVM: SVM: Make AVIC backing, VMSA and VMCB memory allocation SNP safe Brijesh Singh
2021-07-14 13:35   ` Marc Orr
2021-07-14 16:47     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-20 18:02   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-08-03 14:38     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 21/40] KVM: SVM: Add initial SEV-SNP support Brijesh Singh
2021-07-16 18:00   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-16 18:46     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-16 19:31       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-16 21:03         ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 22/40] KVM: SVM: Add KVM_SNP_INIT command Brijesh Singh
2021-07-16 19:33   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-16 21:25     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-19 20:24       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-07 18:35 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 23/40] KVM: SVM: Add KVM_SEV_SNP_LAUNCH_START command Brijesh Singh
2021-07-12 18:45   ` Peter Gonda
2021-07-16 19:43   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-16 21:42     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:36 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 24/40] KVM: SVM: Add KVM_SEV_SNP_LAUNCH_UPDATE command Brijesh Singh
2021-07-16 20:01   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-16 22:00     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-19 20:51       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-19 21:34         ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-19 21:36           ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:36 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 25/40] KVM: SVM: Reclaim the guest pages when SEV-SNP VM terminates Brijesh Singh
2021-07-16 20:09   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-16 22:16     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-17  0:46       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-19 12:55         ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-19 17:18           ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-19 18:34             ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-19 19:03               ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-19 19:14                 ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-19 19:37                 ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-20 16:40                   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-20 18:23                     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:36 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 26/40] KVM: SVM: Add KVM_SEV_SNP_LAUNCH_FINISH command Brijesh Singh
2021-07-16 20:18   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-16 22:48     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-19 16:54       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-19 18:29         ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-19 19:14           ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-19 19:49             ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-19 20:13               ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-21 17:53         ` Marc Orr
2021-07-07 18:36 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 27/40] KVM: X86: Add kvm_x86_ops to get the max page level for the TDP Brijesh Singh
2021-07-16 19:19   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-16 20:41     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-20 19:38       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-20 20:06         ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:36 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 28/40] KVM: X86: Introduce kvm_mmu_map_tdp_page() for use by SEV Brijesh Singh
2021-07-16 18:15   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-07 18:36 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 29/40] KVM: X86: Introduce kvm_mmu_get_tdp_walk() for SEV-SNP use Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:36 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 30/40] KVM: X86: Define new RMP check related #NPF error bits Brijesh Singh
2021-07-16 20:22   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-17  0:34     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:36 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 31/40] KVM: X86: update page-fault trace to log the 64-bit error code Brijesh Singh
2021-07-16 20:25   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-17  0:35     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:36 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 32/40] KVM: SVM: Add support to handle GHCB GPA register VMGEXIT Brijesh Singh
2021-07-16 20:45   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-17  0:44     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-19 20:04       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-07 18:36 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 33/40] KVM: SVM: Add support to handle MSR based Page State Change VMGEXIT Brijesh Singh
2021-07-16 21:00   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-19 14:19     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-19 18:55       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-19 19:15         ` Brijesh Singh
2021-08-13 16:32         ` Borislav Petkov
2021-07-07 18:36 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 34/40] KVM: SVM: Add support to handle " Brijesh Singh
2021-07-16 21:14   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-19 14:24     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:36 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 35/40] KVM: Add arch hooks to track the host write to guest memory Brijesh Singh
2021-07-19 23:30   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-20 15:15     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:36 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 36/40] KVM: X86: Export the kvm_zap_gfn_range() for the SNP use Brijesh Singh
2021-07-07 18:36 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 37/40] KVM: SVM: Add support to handle the RMP nested page fault Brijesh Singh
2021-07-20  0:10   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-20 17:55     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-20 22:31       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-20 23:53         ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-21 20:15           ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-07 18:36 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 38/40] KVM: SVM: Provide support for SNP_GUEST_REQUEST NAE event Brijesh Singh
2021-07-19 22:50   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-20 14:37     ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-20 16:28       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-20 18:21         ` Brijesh Singh
2021-07-20 22:09           ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-07 18:36 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 39/40] KVM: SVM: Use a VMSA physical address variable for populating VMCB Brijesh Singh
2021-07-21  0:20   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-21 16:26     ` Tom Lendacky
2021-07-07 18:36 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 40/40] KVM: SVM: Support SEV-SNP AP Creation NAE event Brijesh Singh
2021-07-21  0:01   ` Sean Christopherson
2021-07-21 17:47     ` Tom Lendacky
2021-07-21 19:52       ` Sean Christopherson
2021-08-20 14:44         ` Tom Lendacky
2021-07-08 15:40 ` [PATCH Part2 RFC v4 00/40] Add AMD Secure Nested Paging (SEV-SNP) Hypervisor Support Dave Hansen

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