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From: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
To: Sven Schmidt <4sschmid@informatik.uni-hamburg.de>
Cc: <ebiggers3@gmail.com>, <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	<bongkyu.kim@lge.com>, <rsalvaterra@gmail.com>,
	<sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>, <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	<linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>, <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>,
	<davem@davemloft.net>, <linux-crypto@vger.kernel.org>,
	<anton@enomsg.org>, <ccross@android.com>, <keescook@chromium.org>,
	<tony.luck@intel.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v7 0/5] Update LZ4 compressor module
Date: Wed, 15 Feb 2017 16:29:44 +0900	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20170215072944.GB23887@bbox> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20170213120841.GB22510@bierbaron.springfield.local>

Hi Sven,

On Mon, Feb 13, 2017 at 01:08:41PM +0100, Sven Schmidt wrote:
> On Mon, Feb 13, 2017 at 09:03:24AM +0900, Minchan Kim wrote:
> > Hi Sven,
> > 
> > On Sun, Feb 12, 2017 at 12:16:17PM +0100, Sven Schmidt wrote:
> > > 
> > > 
> > > 
> > > On 02/10/2017 01:13 AM, Minchan Kim wrote:
> > > > Hello Sven,
> > > >
> > > > On Thu, Feb 09, 2017 at 11:56:17AM +0100, Sven Schmidt wrote:
> > > >> Hey Minchan,
> > > >>
> > > >> On Thu, Feb 09, 2017 at 08:31:21AM +0900, Minchan Kim wrote:
> > > >>> Hello Sven,
> > > >>>
> > > >>> On Sun, Feb 05, 2017 at 08:09:03PM +0100, Sven Schmidt wrote:
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> This patchset is for updating the LZ4 compression module to a version based
> > > >>>> on LZ4 v1.7.3 allowing to use the fast compression algorithm aka LZ4 fast
> > > >>>> which provides an "acceleration" parameter as a tradeoff between
> > > >>>> high compression ratio and high compression speed.
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> We want to use LZ4 fast in order to support compression in lustre
> > > >>>> and (mostly, based on that) investigate data reduction techniques in behalf of
> > > >>>> storage systems.
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> Also, it will be useful for other users of LZ4 compression, as with LZ4 fast
> > > >>>> it is possible to enable applications to use fast and/or high compression
> > > >>>> depending on the usecase.
> > > >>>> For instance, ZRAM is offering a LZ4 backend and could benefit from an updated
> > > >>>> LZ4 in the kernel.
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> LZ4 homepage: http://www.lz4.org/
> > > >>>> LZ4 source repository: https://github.com/lz4/lz4
> > > >>>> Source version: 1.7.3
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> Benchmark (taken from [1], Core i5-4300U @1.9GHz):
> > > >>>> ----------------|--------------|----------------|----------
> > > >>>> Compressor      | Compression  | Decompression  | Ratio
> > > >>>> ----------------|--------------|----------------|----------
> > > >>>> memcpy          |  4200 MB/s   |  4200 MB/s     | 1.000
> > > >>>> LZ4 fast 50     |  1080 MB/s   |  2650 MB/s     | 1.375
> > > >>>> LZ4 fast 17     |   680 MB/s   |  2220 MB/s     | 1.607
> > > >>>> LZ4 fast 5      |   475 MB/s   |  1920 MB/s     | 1.886
> > > >>>> LZ4 default     |   385 MB/s   |  1850 MB/s     | 2.101
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> [1] http://fastcompression.blogspot.de/2015/04/sampling-or-faster-lz4.html
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>> [PATCH 1/5] lib: Update LZ4 compressor module
> > > >>>> [PATCH 2/5] lib/decompress_unlz4: Change module to work with new LZ4 module version
> > > >>>> [PATCH 3/5] crypto: Change LZ4 modules to work with new LZ4 module version
> > > >>>> [PATCH 4/5] fs/pstore: fs/squashfs: Change usage of LZ4 to work with new LZ4 version
> > > >>>> [PATCH 5/5] lib/lz4: Remove back-compat wrappers
> > > >>>
> > > >>> Today, I did zram-lz4 performance test with fio in current mmotm and
> > > >>> found it makes regression about 20%.
> > > >>>
> > > >>> "lz4-update" means current mmots(git://git.cmpxchg.org/linux-mmots.git) so
> > > >>> applied your 5 patches. (But now sure current mmots has recent uptodate
> > > >>> patches)
> > > >>> "revert" means I reverted your 5 patches in current mmots.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>                      revert    lz4-update
> > > >>>
> > > >>>       seq-write       1547       1339      86.55%
> > > >>>      rand-write      22775      19381      85.10%
> > > >>>        seq-read       7035       5589      79.45%
> > > >>>       rand-read      78556      68479      87.17%
> > > >>>    mixed-seq(R)       1305       1066      81.69%
> > > >>>    mixed-seq(W)       1205        984      81.66%
> > > >>>   mixed-rand(R)      17421      14993      86.06%
> > > >>>   mixed-rand(W)      17391      14968      86.07%
> > > >>
> > > >> which parts of the output (as well as units) are these values exactly?
> > > >> I did not work with fio until now, so I think I might ask before misinterpreting my results.
> > > >
> > > > It is IOPS.
> > > >
> > > >>  
> > > >>> My fio description file
> > > >>>
> > > >>> [global]
> > > >>> bs=4k
> > > >>> ioengine=sync
> > > >>> size=100m
> > > >>> numjobs=1
> > > >>> group_reporting
> > > >>> buffer_compress_percentage=30
> > > >>> scramble_buffers=0
> > > >>> filename=/dev/zram0
> > > >>> loops=10
> > > >>> fsync_on_close=1
> > > >>>
> > > >>> [seq-write]
> > > >>> bs=64k
> > > >>> rw=write
> > > >>> stonewall
> > > >>>
> > > >>> [rand-write]
> > > >>> rw=randwrite
> > > >>> stonewall
> > > >>>
> > > >>> [seq-read]
> > > >>> bs=64k
> > > >>> rw=read
> > > >>> stonewall
> > > >>>
> > > >>> [rand-read]
> > > >>> rw=randread
> > > >>> stonewall
> > > >>>
> > > >>> [mixed-seq]
> > > >>> bs=64k
> > > >>> rw=rw
> > > >>> stonewall
> > > >>>
> > > >>> [mixed-rand]
> > > >>> rw=randrw
> > > >>> stonewall
> > > >>>
> > > >>
> > > >> Great, this makes it easy for me to reproduce your test.
> > > >
> > > > If you have trouble to reproduce, feel free to ask me. I'm happy to test it. :)
> > > >
> > > > Thanks!
> > > >
> > > 
> > > Hi Minchan,
> > > 
> > > I will send an updated patch as a reply to this E-Mail. Would be really grateful If you'd test it and provide feedback!
> > > The patch should be applied to the current mmots tree.
> > > 
> > > In fact, the updated LZ4 _is_ slower than the current one in kernel. But I was not able to reproduce such large regressions
> > > as you did. I now tried to define FORCE_INLINE as Eric suggested. I also inlined some functions which weren't in upstream LZ4,
> > > but are defined as macros in the current kernel LZ4. The approach to replace LZ4_ARCH64 with the function call _seemed_ to behave
> > > worse than the macro, so I withdrew the change.
> > > 
> > > The main difference is, that I replaced the read32/read16/write... etc. functions using memcpy with the other ones defined 
> > > in upstream LZ4 (which can be switched using a macro). 
> > > The comment of the author stated, that they're as fast as the memcpy variants (or faster), but not as portable
> > > (which does not matter since we're not dependent for multiple compilers).
> > > 
> > > In my tests, this version is mostly as fast as the current kernel LZ4.
> > 
> > With a patch you sent, I cannot see enhancement so I wanted to dig in and
> > found how I was really careless.
> > 
> > I have tested both test with CONFIG_KASAN. OMG. With disabling it, I don't
> > see any regression any more. So, I'm really really *sorry* about noise and
> > wasting your time. However, I am curious why KASAN makes such difference.
> > 
> 
> Hey Minchan,
> 
> I'm glad to hear that! Nevertheless, the changes discussed here made some differences in my own tests (I believe it got a bit
> faster now) and we have the functions properly inlined, where this makes sense. Also, I added the '-O3' C-flag as Eric suggested.
> So, this was not really a waste of time, I think.
> 
> > The reason I tested new updated lz4 is description says lz4 fast and
> > want to use it in zram. How can I do that? and How faster it is compared
> > to old?
> >
> 
> Unfortunately, in the current implementation (in crypto/lz4.c, which is used by zram) I'm setting the acceleration parameter 
> (which is the paramer making the compression 'fast', see LZ4_compress_fast) to 1 (which is the default) since I did not know how this
> patchset is accepted and this equals the behaviour currently available in kernel.

Fair enough.

> 
> Basically, the logic is 'higher acceleration = faster compression = lower compression ratio' and vice versa. 
> I included some benchmarks in my patch 0/5 E-Mail taken from the official LZ4:
> 
> > > >>>> ----------------|--------------|----------------|----------
> > > >>>> Compressor      | Compression  | Decompression  | Ratio
> > > >>>> ----------------|--------------|----------------|----------
> > > >>>> memcpy          |  4200 MB/s   |  4200 MB/s     | 1.000
> > > >>>> LZ4 fast 50     |  1080 MB/s   |  2650 MB/s     | 1.375
> > > >>>> LZ4 fast 17     |   680 MB/s   |  2220 MB/s     | 1.607
> > > >>>> LZ4 fast 5      |   475 MB/s   |  1920 MB/s     | 1.886
> > > >>>> LZ4 default     |   385 MB/s   |  1850 MB/s     | 2.101
> > > >>>>
> 
> fast 50 means: acceleration=50, default: acceleration=1.

I understood now. Thanks for the explanation!

> 
> Besides the proposed patchset, I tried to implement a module parameter in crypto/lz4.c to set the acceleration factor.
> In my tests, the module parameter works out great.

If it works with module parameter, it means every guest of lz4 via crypto
should use same acceleration level? Hmm, some system might want different
acceleration level among different subsystems.

Anyway, if it works, it would be great for user of zram to test/select
right choice for their system workload.

Thanks for the great work!

> But I think this is subject to a future, separate patch. Especially since I had to 'work around' the crypto/testmgr.c, 
> which only tests acceleration=1 and there's no limit for acceleration.  
> 
> Thanks for your help,
> 
> Sven

  reply	other threads:[~2017-02-15  7:30 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 84+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
     [not found] <1482259992-16680-1-git-send-email-4sschmid@informatik.uni-hamburg.de>
     [not found] ` <1482259992-16680-2-git-send-email-4sschmid@informatik.uni-hamburg.de>
2016-12-22 13:25   ` [PATCH 1/3] crypto: Change lz4 modules to work with new lz4 compressor module version Sergey Senozhatsky
2017-01-07 16:55 ` [PATCH v2 0/4] Update LZ4 compressor module Sven Schmidt
2017-01-07 16:55   ` [PATCH v2 1/4] lib: Update LZ4 compressor module based on LZ4 v1.7.2 Sven Schmidt
2017-01-08 11:22     ` Greg KH
2017-01-10  9:32       ` Sven Schmidt
2017-01-10  9:59         ` Greg KH
2017-01-08 11:25     ` Greg KH
2017-01-08 11:33       ` Rui Salvaterra
2017-01-10  9:21       ` Sven Schmidt
2017-01-10 10:00         ` Greg KH
2017-01-10 10:50           ` Willy Tarreau
2017-01-07 16:55   ` [PATCH v2 2/4] lib/decompress_unlz4: Change module to work with new LZ4 module version Sven Schmidt
2017-01-08 11:23     ` Greg KH
2017-01-07 16:55   ` [PATCH v2 3/4] crypto: Change LZ4 modules " Sven Schmidt
2017-01-07 16:55   ` [PATCH v2 4/4] fs/pstore: fs/squashfs: Change usage of LZ4 to comply " Sven Schmidt
2017-01-07 21:33     ` Kees Cook
2017-01-10  9:45       ` Sven Schmidt
2017-01-21 15:09 ` [PATCH v3 0/4] Update LZ4 compressor module Sven Schmidt
2017-01-21 15:09   ` [PATCH 1/4] lib: " Sven Schmidt
2017-01-21 15:56     ` kbuild test robot
2017-01-21 16:16     ` kbuild test robot
2017-01-21 17:38     ` kbuild test robot
2017-01-22 11:05     ` Greg KH
2017-01-21 15:09   ` [PATCH 2/4] lib/decompress_unlz4: Change module to work with new LZ4 module version Sven Schmidt
2017-01-21 15:09   ` [PATCH 3/4] crypto: Change LZ4 modules " Sven Schmidt
2017-01-21 15:09   ` [PATCH 4/4] fs/pstore: fs/squashfs: Change usage of LZ4 to work with new LZ4 version Sven Schmidt
2017-01-22 19:35 ` [PATCH v4 0/4] Update LZ4 compressor module Sven Schmidt
2017-01-22 19:35   ` [PATCH v4 1/4] lib: " Sven Schmidt
2017-01-24  0:23     ` Andrew Morton
2017-01-24 16:48       ` Sven Schmidt
2017-01-22 19:35   ` [PATCH v4 2/4] lib/decompress_unlz4: Change module to work with new LZ4 module version Sven Schmidt
2017-01-22 19:35   ` [PATCH v4 3/4] crypto: Change LZ4 modules " Sven Schmidt
2017-01-22 19:35   ` [PATCH v4 4/4] fs/pstore: fs/squashfs: Change usage of LZ4 to work with new LZ4 version Sven Schmidt
2017-01-26  7:57 ` [PATCH v5 0/5] Update LZ4 compressor module Sven Schmidt
2017-01-26  7:57   ` [PATCH v5 1/5] lib: " Sven Schmidt
2017-01-26  7:57   ` [PATCH v5 2/5] lib/decompress_unlz4: Change module to work with new LZ4 module version Sven Schmidt
2017-01-26  7:57   ` [PATCH v5 3/5] crypto: Change LZ4 modules " Sven Schmidt
2017-01-26  7:57   ` [PATCH v5 4/5] fs/pstore: fs/squashfs: Change usage of LZ4 to work with new LZ4 version Sven Schmidt
2017-01-26  7:57   ` [PATCH v5 5/5] lib/lz4: Remove back-compat wrappers Sven Schmidt
2017-01-26  9:19   ` [PATCH v5 0/5] Update LZ4 compressor module Eric Biggers
2017-01-26 14:15     ` Sven Schmidt
2017-01-27 22:01 ` [PATCH v6 " Sven Schmidt
2017-01-27 22:02   ` [PATCH v6 1/5] lib: " Sven Schmidt
2017-01-31 22:27     ` Jonathan Corbet
2017-02-01 20:18       ` Sven Schmidt
2017-01-27 22:02   ` [PATCH v6 2/5] lib/decompress_unlz4: Change module to work with new LZ4 module version Sven Schmidt
2017-01-27 22:02   ` [PATCH v6 3/5] crypto: Change LZ4 modules " Sven Schmidt
2017-01-27 22:02   ` [PATCH v6 4/5] fs/pstore: fs/squashfs: Change usage of LZ4 to work with new LZ4 version Sven Schmidt
2017-01-27 22:02   ` [PATCH v6 5/5] lib/lz4: Remove back-compat wrappers Sven Schmidt
2017-02-05 19:09 ` [PATCH v7 0/5] Update LZ4 compressor module Sven Schmidt
2017-02-05 19:09   ` [PATCH v7 1/5] lib: " Sven Schmidt
2017-02-05 19:09   ` [PATCH v7 2/5] lib/decompress_unlz4: Change module to work with new LZ4 module version Sven Schmidt
2017-02-05 19:09   ` [PATCH v7 3/5] crypto: Change LZ4 modules " Sven Schmidt
2017-02-05 19:09   ` [PATCH v7 4/5] fs/pstore: fs/squashfs: Change usage of LZ4 to work with new LZ4 version Sven Schmidt
2017-02-05 19:09   ` [PATCH v7 5/5] lib/lz4: Remove back-compat wrappers Sven Schmidt
2017-02-08 23:31   ` [PATCH v7 0/5] Update LZ4 compressor module Minchan Kim
2017-02-09  0:24     ` Eric Biggers
2017-02-09  5:24       ` Eric Biggers
2017-02-09 11:05         ` Sven Schmidt
2017-02-09 18:20           ` Eric Biggers
2017-02-10  0:14         ` Minchan Kim
2017-02-09 11:02       ` Sven Schmidt
2017-02-09 18:29         ` Eric Biggers
2017-02-10  3:57           ` David Miller
2017-02-09 10:56     ` Sven Schmidt
2017-02-10  0:13       ` Minchan Kim
2017-02-12 11:16         ` Sven Schmidt
2017-02-12 11:16           ` [PATCH] lz4: fix performance regressions Sven Schmidt
2017-02-12 13:05             ` Willy Tarreau
2017-02-12 15:20               ` Sven Schmidt
2017-02-12 21:41                 ` Willy Tarreau
2017-02-13 11:53                   ` Sven Schmidt
2017-02-13 13:37                     ` Willy Tarreau
2017-02-12 23:38             ` Eric Biggers
2017-02-14 10:33               ` Sven Schmidt
2017-02-13  0:03           ` [PATCH v7 0/5] Update LZ4 compressor module Minchan Kim
2017-02-13 12:08             ` Sven Schmidt
2017-02-15  7:29               ` Minchan Kim [this message]
2017-02-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v8 " Sven Schmidt
2017-02-15 18:16   ` [PATCH v8 1/5] lib: " Sven Schmidt
2017-02-15 18:16   ` [PATCH v8 2/5] lib/decompress_unlz4: Change module to work with new LZ4 module version Sven Schmidt
2017-02-15 18:16   ` [PATCH v8 3/5] crypto: Change LZ4 modules " Sven Schmidt
2017-02-15 18:16   ` [PATCH v8 4/5] fs/pstore: fs/squashfs: Change usage of LZ4 to work with new LZ4 version Sven Schmidt
2017-02-15 18:16   ` [PATCH v8 5/5] lib/lz4: Remove back-compat wrappers Sven Schmidt

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