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From: Grant Likely <>
To: Linus Walleij <>
Cc: Stephen Boyd <>,
	Rob Herring <>,
	"" <>,,
	Linux ARM <>,
	Timur Tabi <>,
	Andy Shevchenko <>,
	Bjorn Andersson <>,,
Subject: Re: [PATCH 2/3] dt-bindings: pinctrl: Add a ngpios-ranges property
Date: Thu, 11 Jan 2018 16:33:50 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On Wed, Jan 10, 2018 at 1:37 PM, Linus Walleij <> wrote:
> On Wed, Jan 10, 2018 at 2:58 AM, Stephen Boyd <> wrote:
>> Some qcom platforms make some GPIOs or pins unavailable for use
>> by non-secure operating systems, and thus reading or writing the
>> registers for those pins will cause access control issues.
>> Introduce a DT property to describe the set of GPIOs that are
>> available for use so that higher level OSes are able to know what
>> pins to avoid reading/writing.

What level of access control is implemented here? Is there access
control for each GPIO individually, or is it done by banks of GPIOs?
Just asking to make sure I understand the problem domain.

>> Cc: <>
>> Signed-off-by: Stephen Boyd <>
> I like the idea, let's check what we think about the details regarding
> naming and semantics, I need feedback from some DT people
> in particular.
> Paging in Grant on this as he might have some input.
>> I stuck this inside msm8996, but maybe it can go somewhere more generic?
> Yeah just put it in Documentation/devicetree/bindings/gpio/gpio.txt
> Everyone and its dog doing GPIO reservations "from another world"
> will need to use this.
>> +- ngpios-ranges:
>> +       Usage: optional
>> +       Value type: <prop-encoded-array>
>> +       Definition: Tuples of GPIO ranges (base, size) indicating
>> +                   GPIOs available for use.
>> +
>>  Please refer to ../gpio/gpio.txt and ../interrupt-controller/interrupts.txt for
>>  a general description of GPIO and interrupt bindings.
> I like the tuples syntax. That's fine. It's like gpio-ranges we have
> already to map between pin controllers and GPIO.
> I don't think we can reuse gpio-ranges because that is
> exclusively for pin control ATM, it would be fine if the ranges
> were for a specific device, like pin control does, like:
> gpio-ranges = <&secure_world_thing 0 20 10>;
> But you definately would need a node to tie it to, so that the
> driver for that node can specify that it's gonna take the
> GPIOs.
> But I think the semantics should be the inverse. That you
> point out "holes" with the lines we *can't* use.
> We already support a generic property "ngpios" that says how
> many of the GPIOs (counted from zero) that can be used,
> so if those should be able to use this as a generic property it
> is better with the inverse semantics and say that the
> "reserved-gpio-ranges", "secureworld-gpio-ranges"
> (or whatever we decide to call it) takes precedence over
> ngpios so we don't end up in ambigous places.

Heh, I just went down the same thought process on the naming before I
read the above. Yes I agree. The property name should have something
like "reserved" in it. I vote for "gpio-reserved-ranges" because it
puts the binding owner (gpio) at the front of the name, it indicates
that the list is unavailable GPIOs, and that the format is a set of

The fiddly bit is it assumes the GPIOs are described by a single
number. It works fine as long as the GPIO controllers can use a single
cell to describe a gpio number (instead of having #gpio-cells = 3 with
the first cell being bank, the second being number in bank, and the
third being flags).

> Then, will it be possible to put the parsing, handling and
> disablement of these ranges into drivers/gpio/gpiolib-of.c
> where we handle the ranges today, or do we need to
> do it in the individual drivers?

I certainly would prefer parsing this in common code, and not in
individual drivers, but again it becomes hard for any driver using
multiple cells to describe the local GPIO number. I think the guidance
here needs to be that the property is relevant when the internal GPIO
number representation fits within a uint32, which realistically should
never be a problem.


  parent reply	other threads:[~2018-01-11 16:33 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 19+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-01-10  1:58 [PATCH 0/3] Support qcom pinctrl protected pins Stephen Boyd
     [not found] ` <>
2018-01-10  1:58   ` [PATCH 1/3] gpiolib: Export gpiochip_irqchip_irq_valid() to drivers Stephen Boyd
2018-01-10  6:16     ` Bjorn Andersson
2018-01-10 13:22     ` Linus Walleij
2018-01-10  1:58 ` [PATCH 2/3] dt-bindings: pinctrl: Add a ngpios-ranges property Stephen Boyd
2018-01-10 12:54   ` Andy Shevchenko
     [not found]   ` <>
2018-01-10 13:37     ` Linus Walleij
2018-01-10 16:37       ` Stephen Boyd
2018-01-10 17:59         ` Andy Shevchenko
2018-01-11 16:33       ` Grant Likely [this message]
2018-01-11 16:36         ` Timur Tabi
2018-01-11 19:56           ` Grant Likely
2018-01-10  1:58 ` [PATCH 3/3] pinctrl: qcom: Don't allow protected pins to be requested Stephen Boyd
2018-01-10  6:11   ` Bjorn Andersson
2018-01-22 13:55   ` Timur Tabi
2018-01-22 20:03     ` Timur Tabi
2018-01-25 21:51     ` Stephen Boyd
2018-01-25 21:53       ` Timur Tabi
2018-01-25 20:48   ` Timur Tabi

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