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From: Fabrizio Castro <fabrizio.castro-kTT6dE0pTRh9uiUsa/gSgQ@public.gmane.org>
To: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert-Td1EMuHUCqxL1ZNQvxDV9g@public.gmane.org>
Cc: Philipp Zabel <p.zabel-bIcnvbaLZ9MEGnE8C9+IrQ@public.gmane.org>,
	Rob Herring <robh+dt-DgEjT+Ai2ygdnm+yROfE0A@public.gmane.org>,
	Mark Rutland <mark.rutland-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>,
	Wim Van Sebroeck <wim-IQzOog9fTRqzQB+pC5nmwQ@public.gmane.org>,
	Russell King <linux-I+IVW8TIWO2tmTQ+vhA3Yw@public.gmane.org>,
	Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>,
	Will Deacon <will.deacon-5wv7dgnIgG8@public.gmane.org>,
	Michael Turquette
	<mturquette-rdvid1DuHRBWk0Htik3J/w@public.gmane.org>,
	Stephen Boyd <sboyd-sgV2jX0FEOL9JmXXK+q4OQ@public.gmane.org>,
	Simon Horman <horms-/R6kz+dDXgpPR4JQBCEnsQ@public.gmane.org>,
	Magnus Damm <magnus.damm-Re5JQEeQqe8AvxtiuMwx3w@public.gmane.org>,
	Geert Uytterhoeven
	<geert+renesas-gXvu3+zWzMSzQB+pC5nmwQ@public.gmane.org>,
	Guenter Roeck <linux-0h96xk9xTtrk1uMJSBkQmQ@public.gmane.org>,
	"open list:OPEN FIRMWARE AND FLATTENED DEVICE TREE BINDINGS"
	<devicetree-u79uwXL29TY76Z2rM5mHXA@public.gmane.org>,
	Linux Watchdog Mailing List
	<linux-watchdog-u79uwXL29TY76Z2rM5mHXA@public.gmane.org>,
	Linux-Renesas
	<linux-renesas-soc-u79uwXL29TY76Z2rM5mHXA@public.gmane.org>"linux-arm-kernel-IAPFreCvJWM7uuMidbF8XUB+6BGkLq7r@public.gmane.org"
	<linux>
Subject: RE: [RFC 01/37] ARM: shmobile: Add watchdog support
Date: Fri, 26 Jan 2018 11:52:15 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <TY1PR06MB08950BD28BEC28D55C6D80EDC0E00@TY1PR06MB0895.apcprd06.prod.outlook.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAMuHMdWVvMJR5NHMFn6zx39jw2XdP5nteU3actUcen0dmoT-LQ-JsoAwUIsXosN+BqQ9rBEUg@public.gmane.org>

Hello Geert,

> Subject: Re: [RFC 01/37] ARM: shmobile: Add watchdog support
>
> Hi Fabrizio,
>
> On Thu, Jan 25, 2018 at 7:02 PM, Fabrizio Castro
> <fabrizio.castro@bp.renesas.com> wrote:
> > On R-Car Gen2 and RZ/G1 platforms, we use the SBAR registers to make non
> > boot CPUs run a routine designed to bring up SMP and deal with hot plug.
> > The value contained in the SBAR registers is not initialized by a WDT
> > triggered reset, which means that after a WDT triggered reset we jump
> > to the SMP bring up routine, preventing the system from executing the
> > bootrom code.
>
> Thanks for your patch!

Thank you for looking into this!

I am not going to reply to your comments on the other patches for now, as we need to find a solution for this particular patch we are all happy with first.
A change to this patch may impact the other patches as well.

>
> > The purpose of this patch is to jump to the bootrom code in case of a
> > WDT triggered reset, and keep the SMP functionality untouched.
> > In order to tell if the code had been called due to the WDT overflowing
> > we need to inspect flag WOVF from register RWTCSRA, however for this
> > to work smoothly we need to make sure that RWDT clock is ON.
> > Since it's not wise to interfere with the clock configuration from
> > within this routine, a flag has been put in place
> > (shmobile_wdt_clock_status) so that the watchdog driver can tell
> > shmobile_boot_vector when the clock is ON, and therefore there is no
> > need for shmobile_boot_vector to mess up with the clock registers.
> >
> > Bit WOVF survives a watchdog triggered reset, and it is usually cleared
> > by the bootloader. Checking the MMU enable bit from register SCTLR
> > allows us to make the code a little bit more robust (just in case the
> > bit wasn't cleared up), as right after a reset the MMU is disabled,
> > and when Linux is running the MMU is enabled. Also, accessing RWTCSRA
> > physical address is safe when the MMU is down.
>
> Checking a hardware register is indeed a better solution than my original
> idea to let SMP bringup set a flag in RAM, as the former is less racy.

Also, such a flag would not be accessible after the reset gets triggered.

> However, as you can probably imagine, I don't like the
> shmobile_wdt_clock_status part ;-)

Neither do I!      :-D

>
> Isn't is sufficient to check the MMU enable bit?

I am afraid it isn't, when bringing up SMP the cores will read the MMU flag as disabled, to make things worse at that precise point in time the rwdt clock is disabled.
If the system just restarted due to the watchdog, then when you read WOVF chances are you are going to read '1', hence the system will fail to bring up SMP.

> However, that would precludes uClinux (do we care?).

The MMU will be constantly disabled in this case, wouldn't it? Therefore the reset vector will always proceed with the testing of variable "shmobile_wdt_clock_status", and it'll finally test WOVF only when it's safe to do so. If WOVF is set, then we still jump to the bootrom code. if WOVF is not set, then we jump to shmobile_boot_fn. Could you please elaborate your thoughts a little bit more?

> Is there any other register/bit that's reset when the watchdog is
> triggered, and always set by Linux?

Not that I know of, but you may know better ;-P
Any suggestion?

>
> > SMP bringup, CPU hot plug, and suspend to RAM work as normal.
>
> shmobile_boot_vector is not only used for R-Car Gen2 and RZ/G1 SoCs, but
> also for EMMA Mobile, SH/R-Mobile, and R-Car H1.  Hence this breaks SMP
> for the latter (and their build if ARCH_RENESAS=n, due to missing
> shmobile_wdt_clock_status).

As per your suggestion, I am ignoring this.

>
> > Since shmobile_boot_vector has become bigger, "reg" property of nodes
> > compatible with "renesas,smp-sram" now need to be set to "<0 0x64>".
>
> This breaks backwards compatibility with old DTs declaring a too small
> smp-sram area. If the area is too small, you should fallback to the old and
> smaller code.

Good point. I'll look into this.


Thanks,
Fab

>
> > --- a/arch/arm/mach-shmobile/headsmp.S
> > +++ b/arch/arm/mach-shmobile/headsmp.S
> > @@ -16,6 +16,13 @@
> >  #include <asm/assembler.h>
> >  #include <asm/memory.h>
> >
> > +#define RWDT_CLOCK_ON  0xdeadbeef
> > +#define RWDT_CLOCK_OFF 0x00000000
> > +#define SCTLR_MMU      0x01
> > +#define BOOTROM_ADDRESS        0xE6340000
> > +#define RWTCSRA_ADDRESS 0xE6020004
> > +#define RWTCSRA_WOVF   0x10
> > +
> >  /*
> >   * Reset vector for secondary CPUs.
> >   * This will be mapped at address 0 by SBAR register.
> > @@ -24,11 +31,57 @@
> >         .arm
> >         .align  12
> >  ENTRY(shmobile_boot_vector)
>
> This should become e.g. rcar_gen2_boot_vector_wdt
>
> > +/*
> > +       if (SCTLR_MMU == 1)
> > +               goto shmobile_smp_continue;
> > +*/
> > +       mrc     p15, 0, r1, c1, c0, 0           @ r1 = SCTLR
> > +       and     r0, r1, #SCTLR_MMU
> > +       cmp     r0, #SCTLR_MMU
> > +       beq     shmobile_smp_continue
> > +/*
> > +       if (shmobile_wdt_clock_status != RWDT_CLOCK_ON)
> > +               goto shmobile_smp_continue;
> > +*/
> > +       ldr     r0, #shmobile_wdt_clock_status
> > +       ldr     r1, #clock_on
> > +       cmp     r0, r1
> > +       bne     shmobile_smp_continue
> > +
> > +/*
> > +       if (RWTCSRA_WOVF == 0)
> > +               goto shmobile_smp_continue;
> > +*/
> > +       ldr     r0, rwtcsra
> > +       mov     r1, #0
> > +       ldrb    r1, [r0]
> > +       and     r0, r1, #RWTCSRA_WOVF
> > +       cmp     r0, #RWTCSRA_WOVF
> > +       bne     shmobile_smp_continue
> > +
> > +/*
> > +       goto bootrom;
> > +*/
> > +       ldr     r0, bootrom
> > +       bx      r0
> > +
> > +shmobile_smp_continue:
>
> This should become
>
>     ENTRY(shmobile_boot_vector)
>
> Gr{oetje,eeting}s,
>
>                         Geert
>
> --
> Geert Uytterhoeven -- There's lots of Linux beyond ia32 -- geert@linux-m68k.org
>
> In personal conversations with technical people, I call myself a hacker. But
> when I'm talking to journalists I just say "programmer" or something like that.
>                                 -- Linus Torvalds



Renesas Electronics Europe Ltd, Dukes Meadow, Millboard Road, Bourne End, Buckinghamshire, SL8 5FH, UK. Registered in England & Wales under Registered No. 04586709.

  parent reply	other threads:[~2018-01-26 11:52 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 78+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-01-25 18:02 [RFC 00/37] Fix watchdog on Renesas R-Car Gen2 and RZ/G1 Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-25 18:02 ` [RFC 01/37] ARM: shmobile: Add watchdog support Fabrizio Castro
     [not found]   ` <1516903391-30467-2-git-send-email-fabrizio.castro-kTT6dE0pTRh9uiUsa/gSgQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26  9:46     ` Geert Uytterhoeven
     [not found]       ` <CAMuHMdWVvMJR5NHMFn6zx39jw2XdP5nteU3actUcen0dmoT-LQ-JsoAwUIsXosN+BqQ9rBEUg@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26  9:49         ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-26 11:52         ` Fabrizio Castro [this message]
2018-01-26 12:10           ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-26 13:44             ` Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-26 16:08           ` [RFC v2 " Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-26 16:08             ` [RFC v2 23/37] ARM: shmobile: rcar-gen2: Export shmobile_set_wdt_clock_status function Fabrizio Castro
     [not found]             ` <1516982937-29245-1-git-send-email-fabrizio.castro-kTT6dE0pTRh9uiUsa/gSgQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26 16:16               ` [RFC v2 01/37] ARM: shmobile: Add watchdog support Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-25 18:02 ` [RFC 02/37] ARM: dts: r8a7743: Adjust SMP routine size Fabrizio Castro
     [not found]   ` <1516903391-30467-3-git-send-email-fabrizio.castro-kTT6dE0pTRh9uiUsa/gSgQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26  9:52     ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:02 ` [RFC 05/37] ARM: dts: r8a7791: " Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-26  9:53   ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:02 ` [RFC 07/37] ARM: dts: r8a7793: " Fabrizio Castro
     [not found]   ` <1516903391-30467-8-git-send-email-fabrizio.castro-kTT6dE0pTRh9uiUsa/gSgQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26  9:53     ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:02 ` [RFC 08/37] ARM: dts: r8a7794: " Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-26  9:54   ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:02 ` [RFC 09/37] soc: renesas: rcar-rst: Add generic compatible strings Fabrizio Castro
     [not found]   ` <1516903391-30467-10-git-send-email-fabrizio.castro-kTT6dE0pTRh9uiUsa/gSgQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26 10:00     ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:02 ` [RFC 10/37] soc: renesas: rcar-rst: Enable watchdog as reset trigger for Gen2 Fabrizio Castro
     [not found]   ` <1516903391-30467-11-git-send-email-fabrizio.castro-kTT6dE0pTRh9uiUsa/gSgQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26  8:30     ` Sergei Shtylyov
     [not found]       ` <e1670c79-2fef-b45b-4688-a6ba8ebd8c24-M4DtvfQ/ZS1MRgGoP+s0PdBPR1lH4CV8@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26 16:59         ` Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-26 10:05     ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:02 ` [RFC 12/37] ARM: dts: r8a7743: Use fallback rst compatible string Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-25 18:02 ` [RFC 15/37] ARM: dts: r8a7791: " Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-25 18:02 ` [RFC 20/37] arm64: dts: renesas: r8a77995: " Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-25 18:02 ` [RFC 21/37] dt-bindings: watchdog: renesas-wdt: Add R-Car Gen2 support Fabrizio Castro
     [not found]   ` <1516903391-30467-22-git-send-email-fabrizio.castro-kTT6dE0pTRh9uiUsa/gSgQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26 10:10     ` Geert Uytterhoeven
     [not found] ` <1516903391-30467-1-git-send-email-fabrizio.castro-kTT6dE0pTRh9uiUsa/gSgQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-25 18:02   ` [RFC 03/37] ARM: dts: r8a7745: Adjust SMP routine size Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-26  9:52     ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:02   ` [RFC 04/37] ARM: dts: r8a7790: " Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-26  9:53     ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:02   ` [RFC 06/37] ARM: dts: r8a7792: " Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-26  9:53     ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:02   ` [RFC 11/37] soc: renesas: rcar-rst: Document generic compatible strings Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-26 10:06     ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:02   ` [RFC 13/37] ARM: dts: r8a7745: Use fallback rst compatible string Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-25 18:02   ` [RFC 14/37] ARM: dts: r8a7790: " Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-25 18:02   ` [RFC 16/37] ARM: dts: r8a7794: " Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-25 18:02   ` [RFC 17/37] arm64: dts: renesas: r8a7795: " Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-25 18:02   ` [RFC 18/37] arm64: dts: renesas: r8a7796: " Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-25 18:02   ` [RFC 19/37] arm64: dts: renesas: r8a77970: " Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-25 18:02   ` [RFC 22/37] watchdog: renesas_wdt: Add restart support Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-26 10:11     ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-26 17:14     ` Guenter Roeck
2018-01-26 17:50       ` Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-25 18:02   ` [RFC 23/37] ARM: shmobile: rcar-gen2: Export shmobile_set_wdt_clock_status function Fabrizio Castro
     [not found]     ` <1516903391-30467-24-git-send-email-fabrizio.castro-kTT6dE0pTRh9uiUsa/gSgQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26 10:16       ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:03   ` [RFC 29/37] clk: renesas: r8a7791/r8a7793: Add rwdt clock Fabrizio Castro
     [not found]     ` <1516903391-30467-30-git-send-email-fabrizio.castro-kTT6dE0pTRh9uiUsa/gSgQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26 10:25       ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:03   ` [RFC 33/37] ARM: dts: r8a7790: Add watchdog support to SoC dtsi Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-26 10:30     ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:03   ` [RFC 35/37] ARM: dts: r8a7794: " Fabrizio Castro
     [not found]     ` <1516903391-30467-36-git-send-email-fabrizio.castro-kTT6dE0pTRh9uiUsa/gSgQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26 10:31       ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:03   ` [RFC 37/37] ARM: dts: iwg22m: Add watchdog support to SoM dtsi Fabrizio Castro
     [not found]     ` <1516903391-30467-38-git-send-email-fabrizio.castro-kTT6dE0pTRh9uiUsa/gSgQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26 10:32       ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:02 ` [RFC 24/37] watchdog: renesas_wdt_gen2: Add Gen2 specific driver Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-26 10:22   ` Geert Uytterhoeven
     [not found]   ` <1516903391-30467-25-git-send-email-fabrizio.castro-kTT6dE0pTRh9uiUsa/gSgQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26 17:28     ` Guenter Roeck
     [not found]       ` <20180126172835.GB16194-0h96xk9xTtrk1uMJSBkQmQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26 18:00         ` Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-25 18:02 ` [RFC 25/37] ARM: shmobile: defconfig: Enable RENESAS_WDT_GEN2 Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-25 18:03 ` [RFC 26/37] clk: renesas: r8a7743: Add rwdt clock Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-26 10:33   ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:03 ` [RFC 27/37] clk: renesas: r8a7745: " Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-26 10:24   ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:03 ` [RFC 28/37] clk: renesas: r8a7790: " Fabrizio Castro
     [not found]   ` <1516903391-30467-29-git-send-email-fabrizio.castro-kTT6dE0pTRh9uiUsa/gSgQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26 10:25     ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:03 ` [RFC 30/37] clk: renesas: r8a7794: " Fabrizio Castro
     [not found]   ` <1516903391-30467-31-git-send-email-fabrizio.castro-kTT6dE0pTRh9uiUsa/gSgQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26 10:25     ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:03 ` [RFC 31/37] ARM: dts: r8a7743: Add watchdog support to SoC dtsi Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-26 10:27   ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:03 ` [RFC 32/37] ARM: dts: r8a7745: " Fabrizio Castro
2018-01-26 10:28   ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:03 ` [RFC 34/37] ARM: dts: r8a7791: " Fabrizio Castro
     [not found]   ` <1516903391-30467-35-git-send-email-fabrizio.castro-kTT6dE0pTRh9uiUsa/gSgQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26 10:30     ` Geert Uytterhoeven
2018-01-25 18:03 ` [RFC 36/37] ARM: dts: iwg20m: Add watchdog support to SoM dtsi Fabrizio Castro
     [not found]   ` <1516903391-30467-37-git-send-email-fabrizio.castro-kTT6dE0pTRh9uiUsa/gSgQ@public.gmane.org>
2018-01-26 10:32     ` Geert Uytterhoeven

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