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From: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
To: Andrea Parri <parri.andrea@gmail.com>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>,
	Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>,
	David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>,
	Jade Alglave <j.alglave@ucl.ac.uk>,
	Luc Maranget <luc.maranget@inria.fr>,
	"Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@kernel.org>,
	Akira Yokosawa <akiyks@gmail.com>,
	Daniel Lustig <dlustig@nvidia.com>,
	Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>,
	linux-arch@vger.kernel.org, linux-doc@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [RFC 2/3] tools/memory-model: Add a litmus test for atomic_set()
Date: Fri, 14 Feb 2020 18:40:03 +0800
Message-ID: <20200214104003.GC20408@debian-boqun.qqnc3lrjykvubdpftowmye0fmh.lx.internal.cloudapp.net> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200214081213.GA17708@andrea>

On Fri, Feb 14, 2020 at 09:12:13AM +0100, Andrea Parri wrote:
> > @@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
> > +C Atomic-set-observable-to-RMW
> > +
> > +(*
> > + * Result: Never
> > + *
> > + * Test of the result of atomic_set() must be observable to atomic RMWs.
> > + *)
> > +
> > +{
> > +	atomic_t v = ATOMIC_INIT(1);
> > +}
> > +
> > +P0(atomic_t *v)
> > +{
> > +	(void)atomic_add_unless(v,1,0);
> 
> We blacklisted this primitive some time ago, cf. section "LIMITATIONS",
> entry (6b) in tools/memory-model/README; the discussion was here:
> 
>   https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180829211053.20531-3-paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com
> 

And in an email replying to that email, you just tried and seemed
atomic_add_unless() works ;-)

> but unfortunately I can't remember other details at the moment: maybe
> it is just a matter of or the proper time to update that section.
> 

I spend a few time looking into the changes in herd, the dependency
problem seems to be as follow:

For atomic_add_unless(ptr, a, u), the return value (true or false)
depends on both *ptr and u, this is different than other atomic RMW,
whose return value only depends on *ptr. Considering the following
litmus test:

	C atomic_add_unless-dependency

	{
		int y = 1;
	}

	P0(int *x, int *y, int *z)
	{
		int r0;
		int r1;
		int r2;

		r0 = READ_ONCE(*x);
		if (atomic_add_unless(y, 2, r0))
			WRITE_ONCE(*z, 42);
		else
			WRITE_ONCE(*z, 1);
	}

	P1(int *x, int *y, int *z)
	{
		int r0;

		r0 = smp_load_acquire(z);

		WRITE_ONCE(*x, 1);
	}

	exists
	(1:r0 = 1 /\ 0:r0 = 1)

, the exist-clause will never trigger, however if we replace
"atomic_add_unless(y, 2, r0)" with "atomic_add_unless(y, 2, 1)", the
write on *z and the read from *x on CPU 0 are not ordered, so we could
observe the exist-clause triggered.

I just tried with the latest herd, and herd can work out this
dependency. So I think we are good now and can change the limitation
section in the document. But I will wait for Luc's input for this. Luc,
did I get this correct? Is there any other limitation on
atomic_add_unless() now?

Regards,
Boqun

> Thanks,
>   Andrea

  reply index

Thread overview: 26+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-02-14  4:01 [RFC 0/3] tools/memory-model: Add litmus tests for atomic APIs Boqun Feng
2020-02-14  4:01 ` [RFC 1/3] Documentation/locking/atomic: Fix atomic-set litmus test Boqun Feng
2020-02-14  4:01 ` [RFC 2/3] tools/memory-model: Add a litmus test for atomic_set() Boqun Feng
2020-02-14  8:12   ` Andrea Parri
2020-02-14 10:40     ` Boqun Feng [this message]
2020-02-25  7:34       ` Boqun Feng
2020-02-25 13:01         ` Luc Maranget
2020-02-26  2:51           ` Boqun Feng
2020-02-14 15:47   ` Alan Stern
2020-02-14 23:52     ` Boqun Feng
2020-02-17 11:02       ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-02-14  4:01 ` [RFC 3/3] tools/memory-model: Add litmus test for RMW + smp_mb__after_atomic() Boqun Feng
2020-02-14  6:15   ` Boqun Feng
2020-02-14  8:18     ` Andrea Parri
2020-02-14  8:20       ` Boqun Feng
2020-02-14 15:58   ` Alan Stern
2020-02-15  0:09     ` Boqun Feng
2020-02-14  9:55 ` [RFC 0/3] tools/memory-model: Add litmus tests for atomic APIs Peter Zijlstra
2020-02-14 10:20 ` Paul E. McKenney
2020-02-14 15:27 ` Alan Stern
2020-02-14 23:39   ` Boqun Feng
2020-02-15 15:25   ` Paul E. McKenney
2020-02-16  5:43     ` Boqun Feng
2020-02-16 12:06       ` Paul E. McKenney
2020-02-16 16:16         ` Alan Stern
2020-02-17  1:27           ` Boqun Feng

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