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From: Catalin Marinas <>
To: chenzhou <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v10 4/5] arm64: kdump: fix kdump broken with ZONE_DMA reintroduced
Date: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 16:20:29 +0100
Message-ID: <20200729152028.GE5524@gaia> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On Wed, Jul 29, 2020 at 10:14:32PM +0800, chenzhou wrote:
> On 2020/7/29 19:58, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> > On Wed, Jul 29, 2020 at 11:52:39AM +0800, chenzhou wrote:
> >> How about like this:
> >> 1. For ZONE_DMA issue, use Bhupesh's solution, keep the crashkernel=
> >>    behaviour to ZONE_DMA allocations.
> >> 2. For this patch series, make the reserve_crashkernel_low() to
> >>    ZONE_DMA allocations.
> > 
> > So you mean rebasing your series on top of Bhupesh's? I guess you can
> > combine the two, I really don't care which way as long as we fix both
> > issues and agree on the crashkernel= semantics. I think with some tweaks
> > we can go with your series alone.
> >
> > IIUC from the x86 code (especially the part you #ifdef'ed out for
> > arm64), if ",low" is not passed (so just standard crashkernel=X), it
> > still allocates sufficient low memory for the swiotlb in ZONE_DMA. The
> > rest can go in a high region. Why can't we do something similar on
> > arm64? Of course, you can keep the ",low" argument for explicit
> > allocation but I don't want to mandate it.
> It is a good idea to combine the two.
> For parameter crashkernel=X, we do like this:
> 1. allocate some low memory in ZONE_DMA(or ZONE_DMA32 if CONFIG_ZONE_DMA=n)
> 2. allocate X size memory in a high region
> ",low" argument can be used to specify the low memory.
> Do i understand correctly?

Yes, although we could follow the x86 approach:

1. Try low (ZONE_DMA for arm64) allocation, fallback to high allocation
   if it fails.

2. If crash_base is outside ZONE_DMA, call reserve_crashkernel_low()
   which either honours the ,low option or allocates some small amount
   in ZONE_DMA.

If at some point we have platforms failing step 2, we'll look at
changing ZONE_DMA to the full 4GB on non-RPi4 platforms.

It looks to me like x86 ignores the ,low option if the first step
managed to get some low memory. Shall we do the same on arm64?

> > So with an implicit ZONE_DMA allocation similar to the x86 one, we
> > probably don't need Bhupesh's series at all. In addition, we can limit
> > crashkernel= to the first 4G with a fall-back to high like x86 (not sure
> > if memblock_find_in_range() is guaranteed to search in ascending order).
> > I don't think we need an explicit ",high" annotation.
> >
> > So with the above, just a crashkernel=1G gives you at least 256MB in
> > ZONE_DMA followed by the rest anywhere, with a preference for
> > ZONE_DMA32. This way we can also keep the reserve_crashkernel_low()
> > mostly intact from x86 (less #ifdef's).
> Yes. We can let crashkernel=X  try to reserve low memory and fall back to use high memory
> if failing to find a low range.

The only question is whether we need to preserve some more ZONE_DMA on
the current system. If for example we pass a crashkernel=512M and some
cma=, we may end up with very little free memory in ZONE_DMA. That's
mostly an issue for RPi4 since other platforms would work with
ZONE_DMA32. We could add a threshold and go for high allocation directly
if the required size is too large.

> About the function reserve_crashkernel_low(), if we put it in arch/arm64, there is some common
> code with x86_64. Some suggestions about this?

If we can use this function almost intact, just move it in a common
place. But if it gets sprinkled with #ifdef CONFIG_ARM64, I'd rather
duplicate it. I'd still prefer to move it to a common place if possible.

You can go a step further and also move the x86 reserve_crashkernel() to
common code. I don't think there a significant difference between arm64
and x86 here. You'd have to define arch-specific specific

Also patches moving code should not have any functional change. The
CRASH_ALIGN change from 16M to 2M on x86 should be a separate patch as
it needs to be acked by the x86 maintainers (IIRC, Ingo only acked the
function move if there was no functional change; CRASH_ALIGN is used for
the start address, not just alignment, on x86).


  reply index

Thread overview: 18+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-07-03  3:58 [PATCH v10 0/5] support reserving crashkernel above 4G on arm64 kdump Chen Zhou
2020-07-03  3:58 ` [PATCH v10 1/5] x86: kdump: move reserve_crashkernel_low() into crash_core.c Chen Zhou
2020-07-03  3:58 ` [PATCH v10 2/5] arm64: kdump: reserve crashkenel above 4G for crash dump kernel Chen Zhou
2020-07-03  3:58 ` [PATCH v10 3/5] arm64: kdump: add memory for devices by DT property linux,usable-memory-range Chen Zhou
2020-07-03  3:58 ` [PATCH v10 4/5] arm64: kdump: fix kdump broken with ZONE_DMA reintroduced Chen Zhou
2020-07-27 17:30   ` Catalin Marinas
2020-07-29  3:52     ` chenzhou
2020-07-29 11:58       ` Catalin Marinas
2020-07-29 14:14         ` chenzhou
2020-07-29 15:20           ` Catalin Marinas [this message]
2020-07-30  8:22             ` chenzhou
2020-07-03  3:58 ` [PATCH v10 5/5] kdump: update Documentation about crashkernel on arm64 Chen Zhou
2020-07-03  4:46   ` Dave Young
2020-07-03  4:50     ` Dave Young
2020-07-03  9:11       ` Dave Young
2020-07-03  7:26 ` [PATCH v10 0/5] support reserving crashkernel above 4G on arm64 kdump Bhupesh Sharma
2020-07-03  8:38   ` chenzhou
2020-07-27 12:38     ` John Donnelly

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