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From: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
To: corbet@lwn.net, mike.kravetz@oracle.com, tglx@linutronix.de,
	mingo@redhat.com, bp@alien8.de, x86@kernel.org, hpa@zytor.com,
	dave.hansen@linux.intel.com, luto@kernel.org,
	peterz@infradead.org, viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk,
	akpm@linux-foundation.org, paulmck@kernel.org,
	pawan.kumar.gupta@linux.intel.com, rdunlap@infradead.org,
	oneukum@suse.com, anshuman.khandual@arm.com, jroedel@suse.de,
	almasrymina@google.com, rientjes@google.com, willy@infradead.org,
	osalvador@suse.de, mhocko@suse.com, song.bao.hua@hisilicon.com,
	david@redhat.com, naoya.horiguchi@nec.com,
	joao.m.martins@oracle.com
Cc: duanxiongchun@bytedance.com, fam.zheng@bytedance.com,
	linux-doc@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-mm@kvack.org, linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org,
	Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>,
	Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com>,
	Chen Huang <chenhuang5@huawei.com>,
	Bodeddula Balasubramaniam <bodeddub@amazon.com>
Subject: [PATCH v20 7/9] mm: hugetlb: add a kernel parameter hugetlb_free_vmemmap
Date: Thu, 15 Apr 2021 16:40:03 +0800
Message-ID: <20210415084005.25049-8-songmuchun@bytedance.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210415084005.25049-1-songmuchun@bytedance.com>

Add a kernel parameter hugetlb_free_vmemmap to enable the feature of
freeing unused vmemmap pages associated with each hugetlb page on boot.

We disables PMD mapping of vmemmap pages for x86-64 arch when this
feature is enabled. Because vmemmap_remap_free() depends on vmemmap
being base page mapped.

Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Barry Song <song.bao.hua@hisilicon.com>
Reviewed-by: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com>
Tested-by: Chen Huang <chenhuang5@huawei.com>
Tested-by: Bodeddula Balasubramaniam <bodeddub@amazon.com>
---
 Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 17 +++++++++++++++++
 Documentation/admin-guide/mm/hugetlbpage.rst    |  3 +++
 arch/x86/mm/init_64.c                           |  8 ++++++--
 include/linux/hugetlb.h                         | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
 mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c                            | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 69 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index 3bf052d14504..9e655f5206ac 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -1611,6 +1611,23 @@
 			Documentation/admin-guide/mm/hugetlbpage.rst.
 			Format: size[KMG]
 
+	hugetlb_free_vmemmap=
+			[KNL] Reguires CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP
+			enabled.
+			Allows heavy hugetlb users to free up some more
+			memory (6 * PAGE_SIZE for each 2MB hugetlb page).
+			This feauture is not free though. Large page
+			tables are not used to back vmemmap pages which
+			can lead to a performance degradation for some
+			workloads. Also there will be memory allocation
+			required when hugetlb pages are freed from the
+			pool which can lead to corner cases under heavy
+			memory pressure.
+			Format: { on | off (default) }
+
+			on:  enable the feature
+			off: disable the feature
+
 	hung_task_panic=
 			[KNL] Should the hung task detector generate panics.
 			Format: 0 | 1
diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/hugetlbpage.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/hugetlbpage.rst
index 6988895d09a8..8abaeb144e44 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/hugetlbpage.rst
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/hugetlbpage.rst
@@ -153,6 +153,9 @@ default_hugepagesz
 
 	will all result in 256 2M huge pages being allocated.  Valid default
 	huge page size is architecture dependent.
+hugetlb_free_vmemmap
+	When CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP is set, this enables freeing
+	unused vmemmap pages associated with each HugeTLB page.
 
 When multiple huge page sizes are supported, ``/proc/sys/vm/nr_hugepages``
 indicates the current number of pre-allocated huge pages of the default size.
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
index 65ea58527176..9d9d18d0c2a1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@
 #include <linux/gfp.h>
 #include <linux/kcore.h>
 #include <linux/bootmem_info.h>
+#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
 
 #include <asm/processor.h>
 #include <asm/bios_ebda.h>
@@ -1609,7 +1610,8 @@ int __meminit vmemmap_populate(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node,
 	VM_BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(start, PAGE_SIZE));
 	VM_BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(end, PAGE_SIZE));
 
-	if (end - start < PAGES_PER_SECTION * sizeof(struct page))
+	if ((is_hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled()  && !altmap) ||
+	    end - start < PAGES_PER_SECTION * sizeof(struct page))
 		err = vmemmap_populate_basepages(start, end, node, NULL);
 	else if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PSE))
 		err = vmemmap_populate_hugepages(start, end, node, altmap);
@@ -1637,6 +1639,8 @@ void register_page_bootmem_memmap(unsigned long section_nr,
 	pmd_t *pmd;
 	unsigned int nr_pmd_pages;
 	struct page *page;
+	bool base_mapping = !boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PSE) ||
+			    is_hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled();
 
 	for (; addr < end; addr = next) {
 		pte_t *pte = NULL;
@@ -1662,7 +1666,7 @@ void register_page_bootmem_memmap(unsigned long section_nr,
 		}
 		get_page_bootmem(section_nr, pud_page(*pud), MIX_SECTION_INFO);
 
-		if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PSE)) {
+		if (base_mapping) {
 			next = (addr + PAGE_SIZE) & PAGE_MASK;
 			pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
 			if (pmd_none(*pmd))
diff --git a/include/linux/hugetlb.h b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
index 6e970a7d3480..4015cedacf91 100644
--- a/include/linux/hugetlb.h
+++ b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
@@ -894,6 +894,20 @@ static inline void huge_ptep_modify_prot_commit(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 }
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP
+extern bool hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled;
+
+static inline bool is_hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled(void)
+{
+	return hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled;
+}
+#else
+static inline bool is_hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled(void)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+#endif
+
 #else	/* CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE */
 struct hstate {};
 
@@ -1047,6 +1061,11 @@ static inline void set_huge_swap_pte_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr
 					pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte, unsigned long sz)
 {
 }
+
+static inline bool is_hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled(void)
+{
+	return false;
+}
 #endif	/* CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE */
 
 static inline spinlock_t *huge_pte_lock(struct hstate *h,
diff --git a/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c b/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c
index a897c7778246..3070e1465b1b 100644
--- a/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c
+++ b/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c
@@ -168,6 +168,8 @@
  * (last) level. So this type of HugeTLB page can be optimized only when its
  * size of the struct page structs is greater than 2 pages.
  */
+#define pr_fmt(fmt)	"HugeTLB: " fmt
+
 #include "hugetlb_vmemmap.h"
 
 /*
@@ -180,6 +182,28 @@
 #define RESERVE_VMEMMAP_NR		2U
 #define RESERVE_VMEMMAP_SIZE		(RESERVE_VMEMMAP_NR << PAGE_SHIFT)
 
+bool hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled;
+
+static int __init early_hugetlb_free_vmemmap_param(char *buf)
+{
+	/* We cannot optimize if a "struct page" crosses page boundaries. */
+	if ((!is_power_of_2(sizeof(struct page)))) {
+		pr_warn("cannot free vmemmap pages because \"struct page\" crosses page boundaries\n");
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	if (!buf)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (!strcmp(buf, "on"))
+		hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled = true;
+	else if (strcmp(buf, "off"))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+early_param("hugetlb_free_vmemmap", early_hugetlb_free_vmemmap_param);
+
 static inline unsigned long free_vmemmap_pages_size_per_hpage(struct hstate *h)
 {
 	return (unsigned long)free_vmemmap_pages_per_hpage(h) << PAGE_SHIFT;
-- 
2.11.0


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 24+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-04-15  8:39 [PATCH v20 0/9] Free some vmemmap pages of HugeTLB page Muchun Song
2021-04-15  8:39 ` [PATCH v20 1/9] mm: memory_hotplug: factor out bootmem core functions to bootmem_info.c Muchun Song
2021-04-15  8:39 ` [PATCH v20 2/9] mm: hugetlb: introduce a new config HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP Muchun Song
2021-04-15  8:39 ` [PATCH v20 3/9] mm: hugetlb: gather discrete indexes of tail page Muchun Song
2021-04-16 18:54   ` Mike Kravetz
2021-04-15  8:40 ` [PATCH v20 4/9] mm: hugetlb: free the vmemmap pages associated with each HugeTLB page Muchun Song
2021-04-16 21:10   ` Mike Kravetz
2021-04-17  2:55     ` [External] " Muchun Song
2021-04-15  8:40 ` [PATCH v20 5/9] mm: hugetlb: defer freeing of HugeTLB pages Muchun Song
2021-04-16 23:55   ` Mike Kravetz
2021-04-17  4:13     ` [External] " Muchun Song
2021-04-15  8:40 ` [PATCH v20 6/9] mm: hugetlb: alloc the vmemmap pages associated with each HugeTLB page Muchun Song
2021-04-19 23:19   ` Mike Kravetz
2021-04-20  8:46     ` [External] " Muchun Song
2021-04-20 17:48       ` Mike Kravetz
2021-04-21  3:42         ` Muchun Song
2021-04-15  8:40 ` Muchun Song [this message]
2021-04-19 23:41   ` [PATCH v20 7/9] mm: hugetlb: add a kernel parameter hugetlb_free_vmemmap Mike Kravetz
2021-04-15  8:40 ` [PATCH v20 8/9] mm: memory_hotplug: disable memmap_on_memory when hugetlb_free_vmemmap enabled Muchun Song
2021-04-20 10:35   ` Oscar Salvador
2021-04-21  3:41     ` [External] " Muchun Song
2021-04-21  7:33       ` Oscar Salvador
2021-04-21  9:06         ` Muchun Song
2021-04-15  8:40 ` [PATCH v20 9/9] mm: hugetlb: introduce nr_free_vmemmap_pages in the struct hstate Muchun Song

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