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From: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
To: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>, Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>,
	clang-built-linux <clang-built-linux@googlegroups.com>,
	Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>,
	Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>,
	Peter Collingbourne <pcc@google.com>,
	James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>, Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>,
	Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>,
	Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>,
	Arvind Sankar <nivedita@alum.mit.edu>,
	Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>,
	Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com>,
	Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>, X86 ML <x86@kernel.org>,
	linux-arch <linux-arch@vger.kernel.org>,
	linux-efi <linux-efi@vger.kernel.org>,
	Linux ARM <linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org>,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 05/17] ctype: Work around Clang -mbranch-protection=none bug
Date: Mon, 29 Jun 2020 08:06:20 -0700
Message-ID: <202006290806.3BDE2A8@keescook> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAMj1kXE+toCd=Bx-zw7D9bvDRNB2aPn5-_7CY7MOKcVGA-azVg@mail.gmail.com>

On Mon, Jun 29, 2020 at 10:15:47AM +0200, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
> On Mon, 29 Jun 2020 at 08:18, Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> wrote:
> >
> > In preparation for building efi/libstub with -mbranch-protection=none
> > (EFI does not support branch protection features[1]), add no-op code
> > to work around a Clang bug that emits an unwanted .note.gnu.property
> > section for object files without code[2].
> >
> > [1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAMj1kXHck12juGi=E=P4hWP_8vQhQ+-x3vBMc3TGeRWdQ-XkxQ@mail.gmail.com
> > [2] https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=46480
> >
> > Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
> > Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
> > Cc: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
> > Cc: clang-built-linux@googlegroups.com
> > Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
> > ---
> >  lib/ctype.c | 10 ++++++++++
> >  1 file changed, 10 insertions(+)
> >
> > diff --git a/lib/ctype.c b/lib/ctype.c
> > index c819fe269eb2..21245ed57d90 100644
> > --- a/lib/ctype.c
> > +++ b/lib/ctype.c
> > @@ -36,3 +36,13 @@ _L,_L,_L,_L,_L,_L,_L,_L,_L,_L,_L,_L,_L,_L,_L,_L,     /* 224-239 */
> >  _L,_L,_L,_L,_L,_L,_L,_P,_L,_L,_L,_L,_L,_L,_L,_L};      /* 240-255 */
> >
> >  EXPORT_SYMBOL(_ctype);
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Clang will generate .note.gnu.property sections for object files
> > + * without code, even in the presence of -mbranch-protection=none.
> > + * To work around this, define an unused static function.
> > + * https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=46480
> > + */
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_CC_IS_CLANG
> > +void __maybe_unused __clang_needs_code_here(void) { }
> > +#endif
> > --
> > 2.25.1
> >
> 
> I take it we don't need this horrible hack if we build the EFI stub
> with branch protections and filter out the .note.gnu.property section
> explicitly?
> 
> Sorry to backpedal, but that is probably a better approach after all,
> given that the instructions don't hurt, and we will hopefully be able
> to arm them once UEFI (as well as PE/COFF) gets around to describing
> this in a way that both the firmware and the OS can consume.

How does this look?


commit 051ef0b75a386c3fe2f216d16246468147a48c5b
Author: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Date:   Tue Jun 23 18:02:56 2020 -0700

    efi/libstub: Disable -mbranch-protection
    
    In preparation for adding --orphan-handling=warn to more architectures,
    disable -mbranch-protection, as EFI does not yet support it[1].  This was
    noticed due to it producing unwanted .note.gnu.property sections (prefixed
    with .init due to the objcopy build step).
    
    However, we must also work around a bug in Clang where the section is
    still emitted for code-less object files[2], so also remove the section
    during the objcopy.
    
    [1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAMj1kXHck12juGi=E=P4hWP_8vQhQ+-x3vBMc3TGeRWdQ-XkxQ@mail.gmail.com
    [2] https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=46480
    
    Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
    Cc: Arvind Sankar <nivedita@alum.mit.edu>
    Cc: Atish Patra <atish.patra@wdc.com>
    Cc: linux-efi@vger.kernel.org
    Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
index 75daaf20374e..f9f1922f8f28 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
@@ -18,7 +18,8 @@ cflags-$(CONFIG_X86)		+= -m$(BITS) -D__KERNEL__ \
 # arm64 uses the full KBUILD_CFLAGS so it's necessary to explicitly
 # disable the stackleak plugin
 cflags-$(CONFIG_ARM64)		:= $(subst $(CC_FLAGS_FTRACE),,$(KBUILD_CFLAGS)) \
-				   -fpie $(DISABLE_STACKLEAK_PLUGIN)
+				   -fpie $(DISABLE_STACKLEAK_PLUGIN) \
+				   $(call cc-option,-mbranch-protection=none)
 cflags-$(CONFIG_ARM)		:= $(subst $(CC_FLAGS_FTRACE),,$(KBUILD_CFLAGS)) \
 				   -fno-builtin -fpic \
 				   $(call cc-option,-mno-single-pic-base)
@@ -66,6 +67,12 @@ lib-$(CONFIG_X86)		+= x86-stub.o
 CFLAGS_arm32-stub.o		:= -DTEXT_OFFSET=$(TEXT_OFFSET)
 CFLAGS_arm64-stub.o		:= -DTEXT_OFFSET=$(TEXT_OFFSET)
 
+# Even when -mbranch-protection=none is set, Clang will generate a
+# .note.gnu.property for code-less object files (like lib/ctype.c),
+# so work around this by explicitly removing the unwanted section.
+# https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=46480
+STUBCOPY_FLAGS-y		+= --remove-section=.note.gnu.property
+
 #
 # For x86, bootloaders like systemd-boot or grub-efi do not zero-initialize the
 # .bss section, so the .bss section of the EFI stub needs to be included in the

-- 
Kees Cook

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 36+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-06-29  6:18 [PATCH v4 00/17] Warn on orphan section placement Kees Cook
2020-06-29  6:18 ` [PATCH v4 01/17] vmlinux.lds.h: Add .gnu.version* to DISCARDS Kees Cook
2020-06-29  6:18 ` [PATCH v4 02/17] vmlinux.lds.h: Avoid KASAN and KCSAN's unwanted sections Kees Cook
2020-06-29  6:18 ` [PATCH v4 03/17] vmlinux.lds.h: Split ELF_DETAILS from STABS_DEBUG Kees Cook
2020-06-29  6:18 ` [PATCH v4 04/17] vmlinux.lds.h: Add .symtab, .strtab, and .shstrtab to ELF_DETAILS Kees Cook
2020-06-29  6:18 ` [PATCH v4 05/17] ctype: Work around Clang -mbranch-protection=none bug Kees Cook
2020-06-29  8:15   ` Ard Biesheuvel
2020-06-29 14:43     ` Kees Cook
2020-06-29 15:06     ` Kees Cook [this message]
2020-06-29 15:08       ` Ard Biesheuvel
2020-06-29 15:16         ` Kees Cook
2020-06-29 18:02       ` Nick Desaulniers
2020-06-29 18:37         ` Kees Cook
2020-06-29  6:18 ` [PATCH v4 06/17] efi/libstub: Disable -mbranch-protection Kees Cook
2020-06-29  6:18 ` [PATCH v4 07/17] arm64/build: Use common DISCARDS in linker script Kees Cook
2020-06-29  6:18 ` [PATCH v4 08/17] arm64/mm: Remove needless section quotes Kees Cook
2020-06-29 19:53   ` Nick Desaulniers
2020-06-29 20:03     ` Joe Perches
2020-06-29 20:29       ` Nick Desaulniers
2020-06-29 20:04     ` Kees Cook
2020-06-29 20:54       ` Arvind Sankar
2020-06-29 21:06         ` Arvind Sankar
2020-06-29  6:18 ` [PATCH v4 09/17] arm64/build: Remove .eh_frame* sections due to unwind tables Kees Cook
2020-06-29  6:18 ` [PATCH v4 10/17] arm64/kernel: Remove needless Call Frame Information annotations Kees Cook
2020-06-29  6:18 ` [PATCH v4 11/17] arm64/build: Warn on orphan section placement Kees Cook
2020-06-29  6:18 ` [PATCH v4 12/17] arm/build: Refactor linker script headers Kees Cook
2020-06-29  6:18 ` [PATCH v4 13/17] arm/build: Explicitly keep .ARM.attributes sections Kees Cook
2020-06-29  6:18 ` [PATCH v4 14/17] arm/build: Warn on orphan section placement Kees Cook
2020-06-29 15:54   ` Arvind Sankar
2020-06-29 18:07     ` Russell King - ARM Linux admin
2020-06-29 18:15       ` Arvind Sankar
2020-06-29 19:03         ` Russell King - ARM Linux admin
2020-06-29 19:47   ` Nick Desaulniers
2020-06-29  6:18 ` [PATCH v4 15/17] arm/boot: " Kees Cook
2020-06-29  6:18 ` [PATCH v4 16/17] x86/build: " Kees Cook
2020-06-29  6:18 ` [PATCH v4 17/17] x86/boot: " Kees Cook

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