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From: Liu Bo <bo.liu@linux.alibaba.com>
To: Gao Xiang <hsiangkao@linux.alibaba.com>
Cc: LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Peng Tao <tao.peng@linux.alibaba.com>,
	Joseph Qi <joseph.qi@linux.alibaba.com>,
	Eryu Guan <eguan@linux.alibaba.com>,
	Liu Jiang <gerry@linux.alibaba.com>,
	linux-erofs@lists.ozlabs.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/2] erofs: introduce chunk-based file on-disk format
Date: Thu, 19 Aug 2021 06:28:04 +0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210818222804.GA73193@rsjd01523.et2sqa> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210818070713.4437-1-hsiangkao@linux.alibaba.com>

On Wed, Aug 18, 2021 at 03:07:12PM +0800, Gao Xiang wrote:
> Currently, uncompressed data except for tail-packing inline is
> consecutive on disk.
> 
> In order to support chunk-based data deduplication, add a new
> corresponding inode data layout.
> 
> In the future, the data source of chunks can be either (un)compressed.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Gao Xiang <hsiangkao@linux.alibaba.com>
> ---
>  Documentation/filesystems/erofs.rst | 16 ++++++++++--
>  fs/erofs/erofs_fs.h                 | 40 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
>  2 files changed, 52 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/erofs.rst b/Documentation/filesystems/erofs.rst
> index 868e3972227f..b46d0fc46eb6 100644
> --- a/Documentation/filesystems/erofs.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/filesystems/erofs.rst
> @@ -156,13 +156,14 @@ may not. All metadatas can be now observed in two different spaces (views):
>  
>      Xattrs, extents, data inline are followed by the corresponding inode with
>      proper alignment, and they could be optional for different data mappings.
> -    _currently_ total 4 valid data mappings are supported:
> +    _currently_ total 5 data layouts are supported:
>  
>      ==  ====================================================================
>       0  flat file data without data inline (no extent);
>       1  fixed-sized output data compression (with non-compacted indexes);
>       2  flat file data with tail packing data inline (no extent);
> -     3  fixed-sized output data compression (with compacted indexes, v5.3+).
> +     3  fixed-sized output data compression (with compacted indexes, v5.3+);
> +     4  chunk-based file (v5.15+).
>      ==  ====================================================================
>  
>      The size of the optional xattrs is indicated by i_xattr_count in inode
> @@ -213,6 +214,17 @@ Note that apart from the offset of the first filename, nameoff0 also indicates
>  the total number of directory entries in this block since it is no need to
>  introduce another on-disk field at all.
>  
> +Chunk-based file
> +----------------
> +In order to support chunk-based file deduplication, a new inode data layout has
> +been supported since Linux v5.15: Files are split in equal-sized data chunks
> +with ``extents`` area of the inode metadata indicating how to get the chunk
> +data: these can be simply as a 4-byte block address array or in the 8-byte
> +chunk index form (see struct erofs_inode_chunk_index in erofs_fs.h for more
> +details.)
> +
> +By the way, chunk-based files are all uncompressed for now.
> +
>  Data compression
>  ----------------
>  EROFS implements LZ4 fixed-sized output compression which generates fixed-sized
> diff --git a/fs/erofs/erofs_fs.h b/fs/erofs/erofs_fs.h
> index 0f8da74570b4..6210fe434930 100644
> --- a/fs/erofs/erofs_fs.h
> +++ b/fs/erofs/erofs_fs.h
> @@ -4,6 +4,7 @@
>   *
>   * Copyright (C) 2017-2018 HUAWEI, Inc.
>   *             https://www.huawei.com/
> + * Copyright (C) 2021, Alibaba Cloud
>   */
>  #ifndef __EROFS_FS_H
>  #define __EROFS_FS_H
> @@ -19,10 +20,12 @@
>  #define EROFS_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_LZ4_0PADDING	0x00000001
>  #define EROFS_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_COMPR_CFGS	0x00000002
>  #define EROFS_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_BIG_PCLUSTER	0x00000002
> +#define EROFS_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CHUNKED_FILE	0x00000004
>  #define EROFS_ALL_FEATURE_INCOMPAT		\
>  	(EROFS_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_LZ4_0PADDING | \
>  	 EROFS_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_COMPR_CFGS | \
> -	 EROFS_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_BIG_PCLUSTER)
> +	 EROFS_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_BIG_PCLUSTER | \
> +	 EROFS_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CHUNKED_FILE)
>  
>  #define EROFS_SB_EXTSLOT_SIZE	16
>  
> @@ -64,13 +67,16 @@ struct erofs_super_block {
>   * inode, [xattrs], last_inline_data, ... | ... | no-holed data
>   * 3 - inode compression D:
>   * inode, [xattrs], map_header, extents ... | ...
> - * 4~7 - reserved
> + * 4 - inode chunk-based E:
> + * inode, [xattrs], chunk indexes ... | ...
> + * 5~7 - reserved
>   */
>  enum {
>  	EROFS_INODE_FLAT_PLAIN			= 0,
>  	EROFS_INODE_FLAT_COMPRESSION_LEGACY	= 1,
>  	EROFS_INODE_FLAT_INLINE			= 2,
>  	EROFS_INODE_FLAT_COMPRESSION		= 3,
> +	EROFS_INODE_CHUNK_BASED			= 4,
>  	EROFS_INODE_DATALAYOUT_MAX
>  };
>  
> @@ -90,6 +96,19 @@ static inline bool erofs_inode_is_data_compressed(unsigned int datamode)
>  #define EROFS_I_ALL	\
>  	((1 << (EROFS_I_DATALAYOUT_BIT + EROFS_I_DATALAYOUT_BITS)) - 1)
>  
> +/* indicate chunk blkbits, thus `chunksize = blocksize << chunk blkbits' */

A typo in the quotation marks.  (`chunksize = ) should be ('chunksize =)

Otherwise it looks good.

Reviewed-by: Liu Bo <bo.liu@linux.alibaba.com>

thanks,
liubo

> +#define EROFS_CHUNK_FORMAT_BLKBITS_MASK		0x001F
> +/* with chunk indexes or just a 4-byte blkaddr array */
> +#define EROFS_CHUNK_FORMAT_INDEXES		0x0020
> +
> +#define EROFS_CHUNK_FORMAT_ALL	\
> +	(EROFS_CHUNK_FORMAT_BLKBITS_MASK | EROFS_CHUNK_FORMAT_INDEXES)
> +
> +struct erofs_inode_chunk_info {
> +	__le16 format;		/* chunk blkbits */
> +	__le16 reserved;
> +};
> +
>  /* 32-byte reduced form of an ondisk inode */
>  struct erofs_inode_compact {
>  	__le16 i_format;	/* inode format hints */
> @@ -107,6 +126,9 @@ struct erofs_inode_compact {
>  
>  		/* for device files, used to indicate old/new device # */
>  		__le32 rdev;
> +
> +		/* for chunk-based files, it contains the summary info */
> +		struct erofs_inode_chunk_info c;
>  	} i_u;
>  	__le32 i_ino;           /* only used for 32-bit stat compatibility */
>  	__le16 i_uid;
> @@ -135,6 +157,9 @@ struct erofs_inode_extended {
>  
>  		/* for device files, used to indicate old/new device # */
>  		__le32 rdev;
> +
> +		/* for chunk-based files, it contains the summary info */
> +		struct erofs_inode_chunk_info c;
>  	} i_u;
>  
>  	/* only used for 32-bit stat compatibility */
> @@ -204,6 +229,15 @@ static inline unsigned int erofs_xattr_entry_size(struct erofs_xattr_entry *e)
>  				 e->e_name_len + le16_to_cpu(e->e_value_size));
>  }
>  
> +/* represent a zeroed chunk (hole) */
> +#define EROFS_NULL_ADDR			-1
> +
> +struct erofs_inode_chunk_index {
> +	__le32 blkaddr;
> +	__le16 device_id;	/* back-end storage id, always 0 for now */
> +	__le16 reserved;	/* reserved, don't care */
> +};
> +
>  /* maximum supported size of a physical compression cluster */
>  #define Z_EROFS_PCLUSTER_MAX_SIZE	(1024 * 1024)
>  
> @@ -338,6 +372,8 @@ static inline void erofs_check_ondisk_layout_definitions(void)
>  	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct erofs_inode_extended) != 64);
>  	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct erofs_xattr_ibody_header) != 12);
>  	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct erofs_xattr_entry) != 4);
> +	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct erofs_inode_chunk_info) != 4);
> +	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct erofs_inode_chunk_index) != 8);
>  	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct z_erofs_map_header) != 8);
>  	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct z_erofs_vle_decompressed_index) != 8);
>  	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct erofs_dirent) != 12);
> -- 
> 2.24.4

  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-08-18 22:33 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 18+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-18  7:07 Gao Xiang
2021-08-18  7:07 ` [PATCH 2/2] erofs: support reading chunk-based uncompressed files Gao Xiang
2021-08-18 22:29   ` Liu Bo
2021-08-19  3:46   ` Chao Yu
2021-08-19  5:14     ` Gao Xiang
2021-08-18 22:28 ` Liu Bo [this message]
2021-08-19  0:59   ` [PATCH 1/2] erofs: introduce chunk-based file on-disk format Gao Xiang
2021-08-19  3:32 ` Chao Yu
2021-08-19  6:33 ` [PATCH v2 " Gao Xiang
2021-08-19  6:33   ` [PATCH v2 2/2] erofs: support reading chunk-based uncompressed files Gao Xiang
2021-08-19  6:37     ` Joseph Qi
2021-08-19  7:12       ` Gao Xiang
2021-08-20  9:04     ` Chao Yu
2021-08-20  9:12       ` Gao Xiang
2021-08-20  9:29         ` Chao Yu
2021-08-20  9:33           ` Gao Xiang
2021-08-20 10:00   ` [PATCH v3 1/2] erofs: introduce chunk-based file on-disk format Gao Xiang
2021-08-20 10:00     ` [PATCH v3 2/2] erofs: support reading chunk-based uncompressed files Gao Xiang

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